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salive fertility

Valerie T Politano, Elise M Lewis, Alan M Hoberman, Robert M Diener, Anne Marie Api, Atish Patel
Reproductive toxicity of isobornyl acetate (IA), a widely used fragrance ingredient, was investigated in a 1-generation reproduction study in which 25 Crl: CD (Sprague-Dawley) rats/sex/group were gavaged with dosages of 0 (corn oil vehicle), 30, 100, or 300 mg/kg/d during premating, mating, gestation, and lactation. After weaning, 25 F1 generation pups/sex/dosage group were randomly selected for evaluation until sexual maturity. The following parameters were evaluated in P generation males and females: viability, clinical signs, body weights, feed consumption, mating and fertility, organ weights, gross and microscopic observations, sperm assessments (motility and concentration), natural delivery and litter observations, and ovarian follicle counts...
May 2017: International Journal of Toxicology
Vic Ciaravino, Dina Coronado, Cheryl Lanphear, Alan Hoberman, Sanjay Chanda
Tavaborole is a topical antifungal agent approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of toenail onychomycosis. The effects of tavaborole on gestation, parturition (delivery, labor), offspring development, and survival during the perinatal and postnatal periods were assessed in mated female rats. Females (F0 generation) were administered single daily oral (gavage) doses of 15, 60, or 100 mg/kg/d from gestation day 6 through lactation day 20. The females were allowed to deliver naturally and rear their offspring until lactation day 21, at which time the F0 females were euthanized...
September 2016: International Journal of Toxicology
Iwona Sprawka, Sylwia Goławska, Tina Parzych, Artur Goławski, Paweł Czerniewicz, Hubert Sytykiewicz
The toxicity effect of Concanavalin A (Canavalia ensiformis lectin, ConA) to bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi L. (Hemiptera: Aphididae), was investigated in the laboratory by using artificial diets containing ConA concentrations. Bird cherry-oat aphid performance was affected by the presence of Con A in artificial diets. The lectin added into the liquid diet increased the prereproductive period, mortality, and the average time of generation development (T) and decreased fecundity and the intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm)...
2014: Journal of Insect Science
Hiroyuki Iwai, Alan M Hoberman
The reproductive toxicity potential of Ammonium Salt of Perfluorinated Hexanoic Acid (PFHxA Ammonium Salt) in pregnant Crl: CD1(ICR) mice was investigated. Twenty females/group were administered the test substance or vehicle once daily from gestation day 6 through 18. Phase 1 doses: 0, 100, 350, and 500 mg/kg/d; phase 2: 0, 7, 35, and 175 mg/kg/d. Parameters evaluated include mortality, viability, body weights, clinical signs, abortions, premature deliveries, pregnancy and fertility, litter observations, maternal behavior, and sexual maturity in the F1 generation...
May 2014: International Journal of Toxicology
Jeong-Sup Hong, Suhyon Kim, Sang Hee Lee, Eunhye Jo, Byungcheun Lee, Junheon Yoon, Ig-Chun Eom, Hyun-Mi Kim, Pilje Kim, Kyunghee Choi, Moo Yeol Lee, Yeong-Rok Seo, Younghun Kim, Yeonjin Lee, Jonghye Choi, Kwangsik Park
Combined repeated-dose toxicity study of citrate-capped silver nanoparticles (7.9 ± 0.95 nm) with reproduction/developmental toxicity was investigated in rats orally treated with 62.5, 125 and 250 mg/kg, once a day for 42 days for males and up to 52 days for females. The test was performed based on the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development test guideline 422 and Good Laboratory Practice principles. No death was observed in any of the groups. Alopecia, salivation and yellow discolouration of the lung were observed in a few rats but the symptoms were not dose-dependent...
June 2014: Nanotoxicology
Dinesh Dabhadkar, Varsha Zade
To evaluate the potential abortifacient activity of the aqueous, alcohol, ethyl acetate and chloroform extracts of P. rubra pod in female albino rats 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight doses of each extract were administered from day 11 to 15 of pregnancy and animals were allowed to go full-term. The phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, simple phenolics, steroids, tannins and saponins. Clinical toxicity symptoms such as respiratory distress, salivation, weight loss, dull eyes, diarrhea, and change in the appearance of fur as well as mortality were not observed in the animals at any period of the experiment...
October 2012: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
Li Cui, Lina Sun, Xusheng Shao, Yazhong Cao, Daibin Yang, Zhong Li, Huizhu Yuan
BACKGROUND: IPP-10 is a novel neonicotinoid insecticide recently developed in China and has good activity against sucking insects. Studies were carried out to investigate the activity of IPP-10 against Rhopalosiphum padi L. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that IPP-10 had both contact and systemic activity, including acropetal and basipetal translocation in wheat vascular bundles. Starved R. padi were allowed to stay on wheat treated with a sublethal dose of IPP-10...
July 2010: Pest Management Science
M Gary I Riley, Raymond G York
Salcaprozate sodium (SNAC) (sodium 8-((2-hydroxybenzoyl) amino) octanoate, CAS RN 203787-91-1) is classified as an oral absorption promoter and may be a useful means for improving the absorption of certain nutrients and pharmaceutical agents. Presented herein is a subset of data from a larger study evaluating the potential effects of SNAC on the gestation, parturition, lactation, maternal behavior, and offspring development of rats. Pregnant Crl:CD BR VAF/Plus female rats (F(0); n = 25) received SNAC at 1000 mg/kg/d orally (gavage) from implantation through lactation and weaning...
July 2009: International Journal of Toxicology
Mariko Shirota, Takayuki Seki, Kazumi Tago, Hiroyasu Katoh, Hideki Marumo, Mami Furuya, Tomoko Shindo, Hiroshi Ono
Oral toxicity of 4-methylbenzoic acid in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats was profiled through a twenty-eight-day repeated dose toxicity study (the 28-day study) and a screening test for reproductive/developmental toxicities (the reproduction/developmental study) conducted under Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) test guidelines. Daily administration of 4-methylbenzoic acid, at a dose level of 0, 100, 300 or 1,000 mg/kg, did not show any adverse effect on reproductive organs of animals in the 28-day study...
October 2008: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Young Duk Yang, Hawon Cho, Jae Yeon Koo, Min Ho Tak, Yeongyo Cho, Won-Sik Shim, Seung Pyo Park, Jesun Lee, Byeongjun Lee, Byung-Moon Kim, Ramin Raouf, Young Ki Shin, Uhtaek Oh
Calcium (Ca(2+))-activated chloride channels are fundamental mediators in numerous physiological processes including transepithelial secretion, cardiac and neuronal excitation, sensory transduction, smooth muscle contraction and fertilization. Despite their physiological importance, their molecular identity has remained largely unknown. Here we show that transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A, which we also call anoctamin 1 (ANO1)) is a bona fide Ca(2+)-activated chloride channel that is activated by intracellular Ca(2+) and Ca(2+)-mobilizing stimuli...
October 30, 2008: Nature
Makoto Ema, Eisuke Kimura, Mariko Matsumoto, Akihiko Hirose, Eiichi Kamata
Twelve male and female rats per group were exposed to the rubber accelerator 1,3-di-o-tolylguanidine (DTG) by gavage at 0, 8, 20 or 50 mg/kg bw/day. Males were dosed for a total of 49 days beginning 14 days before mating. Females were dosed for a total of 40-49 days beginning 14 days before mating to day 3 of lactation throughout the mating and gestation period. At 50 mg/kg bw/day, deaths were observed in two males and three females. Lowered body weight gain and food consumption were noted in males at 50 mg/kg bw/day and females at 20 and 50 mg/kg bw/day...
July 2006: Reproductive Toxicology
Moon Koo Chung, Jong Choon Kim, Won Bae Kim, Kyung Koo Kang, Sang Seop Han
DA-8159 (5-[2-propyloxy-5-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinylethylamidosulfonyl)phenyl]-1-methyl-3-propyl-1,6-dihydro-7H-pyrazolo(4,3-d)pyrimidine-7-one, CAS 268203-93-6) is a new pyrazolopyrimidinone derivative for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. The test agent was administered by gavage at dose levels of 0, 17.5, 70, and 280 mg/kg to Sprague-Dawley male rats from 28 days before mating to the end of the mating period, and to females from 14 days before mating to day 6 of gestation. Effects of the test agent on general findings and reproductive performance of parent animals and on early embryonic development were examined...
2004: Arzneimittel-Forschung
Marcia R S Ilha, Alexandre P Loretti, Claudio S L Barros
A hyperthermic syndrome (HS) associated with consumption of ration contaminated with Claviceps purpurea is described in 4 dairy cattle herds from different counties in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. Outbreaks of this mycotoxicosis occurred during the summer of 1999-2000 and autumn of 2002 when 25% to 70% of cattle from those herds were affected. The disease occurred after the introduction of a new batch of feed contaminated with sclerotia of C. purpurea. First clinical signs were observed up to 3 mo after the ration was introduced and consisted of pyrexia, intense salivation and drooling, open-mouth, difficult breathing, in some cases with the tongue protruded, decrease in milk yield, decrease in food intake and weight loss...
June 2003: Veterinary and Human Toxicology
W D Ratnasooriya, S S K Ratnayake, Y N A Jayatunga
AIM: To assess the effect of ICON (trade name of lambda-cyhalothrin) on sexual competence and fertility of male rats. METHODS: Male rats were gavaged daily for 7 consecutive days with different doses of ICON (63 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg) or vehicle (distilled water). Their sexual behaviour and fertility were evaluated at different time points during treatment and post-treatment using receptive females. RESULTS: Treatment had no effect on fertility, but sexual competence was seriously impaired: libido (assessed in terms of pre-coital sexual behaviour, and numbers of mounting, intromission and ejaculation), sexual arousability/motivation (in terms of latencies for mounting, intromission and ejaculation), sexual vigour (judged by frequencies of mounting and intromission or copulatory efficiency)...
March 2002: Asian Journal of Andrology
J L Schardein, R G York, H Ninomiya, M Watanabe, N Sumi
Fertility and developmental toxicity study of (+/-)-4-diethylamino-1,1-dimethylbut-2-yn-1-yl 2-cyclohexyl-2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetate monohydrochloride monohydrate (NS-21), a new drug for the treatment of urinary frequency and incontinence, was conducted in Crl:CD rats. Male rats were given NS-21 orally from 60 days before mating to the day of necropsy, and female rats were given NS-21 orally from 14 days before mating to day 7 of pregnancy. The dose levels for both males and females were 0 (control), 2, 30 and 500 mg/kg...
April 1997: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
A Ono, K Sekita, Y Ogawa, A Hirose, S Suzuki, M Saito, K Naito, T Kaneko, T Furuya, K Kawashima, K Yasuhara, K Matsumoto, S Tanaka, T Inoue, Y Kurokawa
Male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to toluene vapor at 600 and 2000 ppm for 6 h/day, and effects on their fertility were investigated. Females were exposed from 14 days before mating until day 7 of gestation. Males were exposed for a total of 90 days, including the mating period; treatment was begun 60 days before pairing, and toxicity with respect to testicular and reproductive functions was examined. In females of the 2000 ppm-treated group, salivation and lacrimation that may have been caused by CNS depression were observed starting 20 days after exposure...
1996: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
W J Breslin, A B Liberacki, D A Dittenber, J F Quast
Chlorpyrifos (O,O-diethyl-O-(3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl)-phosphorothioate), an organophosphate insecticide, was evaluated for its potential to produce developmental and reproductive toxicity in rats following oral exposure. Pregnant Fischer 344 rats were given doses of 0 (corn oil vehicle), 0.1, 3.0, or 15 mg chlorpyrifos/kg/day, by gavage, on Gestation Days 6 through 15. Maternal effects noted at the two higher dose levels included decreased cholinesterase levels at 3.0 mg/kg/day and cholinergic signs (excessive salivation and tremors), decreased cholinesterase levels, and decreased body weight gain at 15 mg/kg/day...
January 1996: Fundamental and Applied Toxicology: Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
H Ninomiya, J Kondo, Y Ide, Y Yamashita, K Nishikawa, K Kishida, M Watanabe, N Sumi
A study of fertility and fetal development was conducted in Sprague-Dawley rats. Male rats were given lactitol, a hepatic encephalopathy drug, orally from 63 days before mating to the end of mating period. Female rats were given from 14 days before mating to day 7 of pregnancy. The dose levels for both males and females were 0 (control), 0.7, 2.65 and 10 g/kg. The females were sacrificed on day 20 of pregnancy for examination of their fetuses. The decrease in food consumption in either male or female was observed in the intermediate and high dose groups...
November 1994: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
C Hewett, H Kreuzer, H Köllmer, A Niggeschulze, H Stötzer
Acute studies. Following oral or intraperitoneal administration, toxicity was very low (LD50 in rodents greater than 10,000 and greater than 900 mg/kg, respectively). Subacute and chronic studies in rodents. Signs of toxicity were seen only at doses of 400 mg/kg or more. Histopathological changes were found only in the 78-week study. Subacute studies in dogs (intravenous) and primates (oral). In dogs, doses of 0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg produced ataxia, salivation, and diarrhoea. In monkeys doses of 7 mg/kg or higher produced ataxia, increased appetite, hyperreflexive muscular spasms, increase in liver weight, and lipid depletion of the adrenal cortex...
1983: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
N Higashida, S Kamada, M Sakanoue, M Takeuchi, K Shimpo, T Tanabe
A fertility study was carried out in Crj: CD (SD) rats orally administered ranitidine hydrochloride, a histamine H2-receptor antagonist, at dose levels of 50, 200 and 800 mg/kg/day in base weight. Male rats were treated from 60 days before mating until the completion of mating. Female rats were administered ranitidine hydrochloride from 14 days prior to mating up to day 7 of gestation. All pregnant females were sacrificed on day 20 of gestation and all fetuses were examined for abnormalities. Temporary salivation was noted in rats of both sexes given 800 mg/kg/day of ranitidine and in the male rat group given 200 mg/kg/day...
January 1983: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
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