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Tom McEnery, Ronan Walsh, Conor Burke, Aisling McGowan, John Faul, Liam Cormican
Neuralgic Amyotrophy (NA) or Parsonage-Turner syndrome is an idiopathic neuropathy commonly affecting the brachial plexus. Associated phrenic nerve involvement, though recognised, is thought to be very rare. We present a case series of four patients (all male, mean age 53) presenting with dyspnoea preceded by severe self-limiting upper limb and shoulder pain, with an elevated hemi-diaphragm on clinical examination and chest X-ray. Neurological examination of the upper limb at the time of presentation was normal...
January 30, 2017: Lung
Joseph H Feinberg, Elizabeth T Nguyen, Kwadwo Boachie-Adjei, Caitlin Gribbin, Steve K Lee, Aaron Daluiski, Scott W Wolfe
Introduction Recovery from Parsonage-Turner syndrome (PTS) is generally favorable, although recovery times have varied, in part because there are no universally-accepted outcome measures. This study describes the electrodiagnostic natural history of this condition based on objective electrodiagnostic testing, and proposes that complete electrodiagnostic recovery can be seen as early as 1 year. Methods Twenty-six subjects with 29 affected nerves confirmed as PTS were followed every 3 months for electrodiagnostic testing, or until full reinnervation was confirmed...
January 3, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
Darryl B Sneag, Eliana B Saltzman, David W Meister, Joseph H Feinberg, Steve K Lee, Scott W Wolfe
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic resonance imaging's (MRI's) role in identifying hourglass constrictions (HGCs) of nerves in Parsonage-Turner syndrome (PTS) is largely unknown. METHODS: Six patients with PTS and with absent or minimal recovery underwent MRI. Surgical exploration was performed at identified pathologic sites. RESULTS: The time between symptom onset and surgery was 12.4 ± 6.9 months; the time between MRI and surgery was 1.3 ± 0...
November 16, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Hardeep S Kainth, Ankit A Patel, Raymund V Millan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
James Prueter, Shawn M Stevens, Norberto Andaluz, Ravi N Samy
OBJECTIVE: In this patient report, Parsonage-Turner syndrome (acute brachial neuropathy) developed in our patient 1 day after resection of a vestibular schwannoma by a middle cranial fossa approach. Aiming to increase awareness of this rare disorder among neurotologists, we describe differential diagnoses, work-up, and management strategies. PATIENT: A 67-year-old man treated for vestibular schwannoma at a single tertiary referral center. INTERVENTION: Surgery for vestibular schwannoma, electromyography for confirmation of diagnosis, and physical therapy...
September 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Andrés A Maldonado, Kimberly K Amrami, Michelle L Mauermann, Robert J Spinner
BACKGROUND: Different hypotheses have been proposed for the pathophysiology of anterior interosseous nerve palsy: compression, fascicular constriction, or nerve inflammation (Parsonage-Turner syndrome). The authors hypothesized that critical reinterpretation of electrodiagnostic studies and magnetic resonance imaging scans of patients with a diagnosis of anterior interosseous nerve palsy could provide insight into the pathophysiology and treatment. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all patients with a diagnosis of nontraumatic anterior interosseous nerve palsy and an upper extremity magnetic resonance imaging scan...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Chris S Milner, Kumar Kannan, Vasudeva G Iyer, Sunil M Thirkannad
BACKGROUND: Parsonage-Turner Syndrome (PTS) is a rare but serious condition characterized by spontaneous paresis of the upper extremity, typically lasting several months with variable recovery. With little literature on the behavior of PTS from a hand surgeon's perspective, accurate diagnosis and subsequent counseling of patients with PTS can be challenging. METHODS: This study is a retrospective evaluation of the clinical features of all PTS patients seen over a 9-year period...
June 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Nata Parnes, Maryellen I Blevins, Paul Carey, Darren J Friedman
Pectoralis major injuries are relatively uncommon and can pose a diagnostic challenge. Deformity and weakness of this muscle in weight lifters is typically due to traumatic tendon rupture and often requires surgical repair. However, there are other less common etiologies that can mimic the clinical presentation of pectoralis major wasting and weakness that require different treatment approaches. This article describes a case of a 48-year-old recreational weight lifter who presented with severe pectoralis major wasting and weakness secondary to isolated mononeuropathy of the lateral pectoral nerve possibly due to Parsonage Turner syndrome...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
M Rodríguez-Hornillo, M C de la Riva, R Ojeda
Neuralgic amyotrophy, brachial neuritis or Parsonage-Turner syndrome is a rare neuromuscular involvement of unknown aetiology. When it onsets in connection with a health care act, such as childbirth or surgery, a malpractice argument is often used as a cause of adverse outcome, usually due to an incorrect position of the patient on the operating table, a circumstance which directly involves the anesthesia area. Three cases are presented of Parsonage-Turner syndrome following very different surgery, with different results as regards prognosis...
August 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
C Cejas, C Rollán, G Michelin, M Nogués
The study of the structures that make up the brachial plexus has benefited particularly from the high resolution images provided by 3T magnetic resonance scanners. The brachial plexus can have mononeuropathies or polyneuropathies. The mononeuropathies include traumatic injuries and trapping, such as occurs in thoracic outlet syndrome due to cervical ribs, prominent transverse apophyses, or tumors. The polyneuropathies include inflammatory processes, in particular chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, Parsonage-Turner syndrome, granulomatous diseases, and radiation neuropathy...
March 2016: Radiología
Ricardo Barreto Monteiro Dos Santos, Saulo Monteiro Dos Santos, Flávio José Câmara Carneiro Leal, Otávio Gomes Lins, Carmem Magalhães, Ricardo Bruno Mertens Fittipaldi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, electrophysiological and imaging findings from Parsonage-Turner syndrome and evaluate the results from conservative treatment. METHODS: Eight cases were studied between February 2010 and February 2012, with a minimum follow-up of one year (mean of 14 months). All the patients answered a clinical questionnaire and underwent functional evaluation using the Constant and Murley score. After clinical suspicion was raised, an electromyography examination was performed to confirm the diagnosis...
May 2015: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Sandrina Carvalho, Madalena Sanches, Rosário Alves, Manuela Selores
Brachioradial pruritus is a chronic sensory neuropathy of unknown etiology which affects the skin of the shoulders, arms and forearms on the insertion of the brachioradialis muscle. We describe the case of a 60-year old woman recently diagnosed with multiple myeloma who refers paresis, severe pruritus and itching lesions on the right arm with 6 months of evolution. Investigation led to a diagnosis of Brachioradial pruritus consequent to the presence of cervical disc herniation and Parsonage-Turner syndrome...
May 2015: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Jacqueline Le Goaster, Patrice Bourée, Charles Ifergan, Frederic Tangy, René Olivier, Anne-Lise Haenni
In 2012, a 50 year-old athletic male presented with weakness, pain and unilateral phrenic paralysis, followed by bilateral phrenic paralysis with deep dyspnea. In 2013, the Parsonage-Turner syndrome was diagnosed. When the patient was seen in September 2014 for the first time, he was facing phrenic neuromuscular failure, which led to the hypothesis of neurotropic herpes viruses. A control of the global serological anti-Herpes immunity to analyze his antibody (Ab) levels confirmed herpes immune genetic deficiency...
May 2015: Case Reports in Neurology
Nens van Alfen, Jeroen J J van Eijk, Tessa Ennik, Sean O Flynn, Inge E G Nobacht, Jan T Groothuis, Sigrid Pillen, Floris A van de Laar
OBJECTIVE: Neuralgic amyotrophy is considered a rare peripheral nervous system disorder but in practice seems grossly under recognized, which negatively affects care for these patients. In this study we prospectively counted the one-year incidence rate of classic neuralgic amyotrophy in a primary care setting. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study during the year 2012 we registered all new cases of neck, shoulder or arm complaints from two large primary care centers serving a population of 14,118...
2015: PloS One
D Tissier-Ducamp, S Martinez, K Alagha, D Charpin, P Chanez, A Palot
We report the case of a 49-years-old patient who presented to the accident and emergency department with sudden onset dyspnea associated with acute shoulder pain. He was breathless at rest with supine hypoxemia. He had an amyotrophic left shoulder with localized paresis of the shoulder. Both hemi-diaphragms were elevated on chest X-rays. Pulmonary function tests showed a restrictive pattern and both phrenic nerve conduction velocities were decreased. At night, alveolar hypoventilation was evidenced by elevated mean capnography (PtcCO2: 57mmHg)...
September 2015: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Duncan P Fransz, Casper P Schönhuth, Tjeerd J Postma, Barend J van Royen
BACKGROUND: The 'Parsonage-Turner syndrome' (PTS) is a rare but distinct disorder with an abrupt onset of shoulder pain, followed by weakness and atrophy of the upper extremity musculature, and a slow recovery requiring months to years. To our best knowledge, this is the first case describing symptoms and signs of PTS following the administration of a post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) regimen against possible human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old Caucasian man presented with pain and unilateral scapular winging following PEP against possible HIV and HBV infection...
August 7, 2014: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Clark C Smith, Anna-Christina Bevelaqua
Parsonage-Turner syndrome (PTS) is a rare disorder typically characterized by an abrupt onset of upper extremity pain followed by progressive neurologic deficits, including weakness, atrophy, and occasionally sensory abnormalities. The exact cause and pathophysiology of PTS are complex and incompletely understood. Autoimmune, genetic, infectious, and mechanical processes have all been implicated. No specific treatments have been proven to reduce neurologic impairment or improve the prognosis of PTS. Most patients with PTS are treated with a multidisciplinary approach that includes both physical therapy and pharmacologic treatment, often with multiple agents...
May 2014: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
Daniel Philip Wiser Smith, Jennifer A Elliott, James H Helzberg
OBJECTIVE: Parsonage-Turner syndrome (PTS) is a distinct clinical disorder characterized by pain, sensory loss, and impaired mobility of the upper extremities and, less commonly, the lower extremities. Manifestations vary from minor to fairly extensive involvement of the brachial and/or lumbosacral plexus. No evidence-based treatment protocol exists, with only anecdotal support of varied palliative efforts. CASE REPORT: We describe a case of PTS in an otherwise healthy 19-year-old man presenting with severe neuropathic pain in the right upper extremity progressing to include weakness and contralateral extremity involvement...
May 2014: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
A Deroux, J P Brion, L Hyerle, A Belbezier, M Vaillant, E Mosnier, S Larrat, P Morand, P Pavese
Hepatitis E (HEV) is an emerging disease in our developed countries, but is not routinely tested for in case of liver cytolysis. However, a growing number of extra-hepatic manifestations of HEV infection associated with acute hepatitis are reported. In this article, we discuss two cases of HEV with neurological symptoms, one with encephalitis, and the other with Parsonage Turner syndrome. All these disorders appeared concomitantly with liver cytolysis and disappeared quickly, following the viral kinetics. Only twenty cases of neurological manifestation of HEV have been described before...
May 2014: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Jenna Helmer Sobey, Andrew Franklin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2014: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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