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status epilepticus prognosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108409/post-anoxic-status-epilepticus-the-prognosis-is-not-always-hopeless
#1
Claudio Sandroni, Fabio S Taccone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063291/predictive-factors-of-drug-resistant-epilepsy-in-children-presenting-under-2-years-of-age-experience-of-a-tertiary-center-in-turkey
#2
Edibe Pembegul Yildiz, Dilek Gunes, Gonca Bektas, Tugce Aksu Uzunhan, Burak Tatli, Mine Caliskan, Nur Aydinli, Meral Ozmen
Population-based studies report that children with epilepsy have relatively better prognosis than those with an onset at infancy, though studies about this period are limited. We aimed to evaluate the etiology in infant epilepsy less than 2 years of age and foreseeable risk factors for anti-epileptic drug resistance. We evaluated the patients who were presented to the division of pediatric neurology in our university hospital with seizures when they were between 1 and 24 months of age and diagnosed as epilepsy...
October 23, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942441/the-clinical-characteristics-and-prognostic-analysis-of-status-epilepticus-in-northeast-china
#3
Lichao Sun, Chuntao Han, Weihong Lin
OBJECTIVE: Status epilepticus (SE) is a neurological emergency that may cause severe neurological deficiency and even death. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of SE in northeast China. Additionally, the etiology and classification are discussed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical profiles of patients diagnosed with SE in the Epilepsy Center of Jilin University between January 2011 and May 2015...
September 22, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872032/atlas-of-electroencephalography-3rd-edition
#4
Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya, Dennis Dlugos, Christopher Skidmore, Michael R Sperling
Electroencephalography (EEG) is the recording of the electrical activity of the brain. EEG is a reliable test to assess cerebral function. It aids in diagnosis, classification, and management of patients with epilepsy. It also has practical uses in conditions other than epilepsy. Moreover, it is harmless and inexpensive. EEG is an important tool for evaluating patients with epilepsy. It may help classify the syndrome, identify the likely source of focal seizures, and confirm a diagnosis of status epilepticus...
September 5, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804482/risk-factors-for-intensive-care-unit-admission-in-patients-with-autoimmune-encephalitis
#5
Gayane Harutyunyan, Larissa Hauer, Martin W Dünser, Tobias Moser, Slaven Pikija, Markus Leitinger, Helmut F Novak, Wolfgang Aichhorn, Eugen Trinka, Johann Sellner
BACKGROUND: Prevention and early recognition of critical illness in patients with autoimmune encephalitis (AE) is essential to achieve better outcome. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate risk factors for intensive care unit (ICU) admission and its prognostic impact in patients with AE. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A reclassification of patients hospitalized between 2011 and 2016 revealed 17 "definite" and 15 "probable" AE cases. Thirteen patients (41%) developed critical illness and required ICU admission...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762041/neuroinfluenza-evaluation-of-seasonal-influenza-associated-severe-neurological-complications-in-children-a-multicenter-study
#6
Muhammet Sukru Paksu, Kerim Aslan, Tanil Kendirli, Basak Nur Akyildiz, Nazik Yener, Riza Dincer Yildizdas, Mehmet Davutoglu, Ayhan Yaman, Sedat Isikay, Gulnar Sensoy, Haydar Ali Tasdemir
PURPOSE: Although influenza primarily affects the respiratory system, in some cases, it can cause severe neurological complications. Younger children are especially at risk. Pediatric literature is limited on the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of influenza-related neurological complications. The aim of the study was to evaluate children who suffered severe neurological manifestation as a result of seasonal influenza infection. METHODS: The medical records of 14 patients from six hospitals in different regions of the country were evaluated...
July 31, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734769/influence-of-epileptic-activity-during-sleep-on-cognitive-performance-in-benign-childhood-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes
#7
Andreea Nissenkorn, Adi Pappo, Yael Feldmann, Gali Heimer, Omer Bar-Yosef, Michal Tzadok, Orli Polack, Ayelet Bord, Miriam Levav, Bruria Ben-Zeev
BACKGROUND: Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes is benign childhood epilepsy, presenting between 4 and 10 years of age, characterized by typical clinical and EEG findings. Despite excellent prognosis, there are reports of mild cognitive, language, fine motor and behavioral difficulties. In its atypical form - electrical status epilepticus during slow wave sleep, continuous epileptiform activity during sleep lead to severe neurocognitive deterioration. Our objective was to investigate the influence of abundant sleep epileptiform activity, not fulfilling the criteria for electrical status epilepticus during Slow Wave Sleep, discovered randomly in children without overt intellectual impairment...
November 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734196/on-status-epilepticus-and-pins-a-systematic-content-analysis
#8
Naim Mahroum, Abdulla Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Howard Amital, Kassem Sharif, Samaa Watad, Giulia Adavastro, Giovanna Canepa, Francesco Brigo, Mohammad Adawi
Status epilepticus (SE) can be defined as abnormally prolonged, persistent, or recurrent clinical and/or electrographic epileptic activity and, as such, is a challenging medical emergency requiring an aggressive treatment aimed at promptly terminating the seizures. It imposes a relevant clinical burden, both in terms of comorbidity and mortality. In the era of the Web 2.0, most people search the Web to obtain SE-related information. The current investigation aimed at qualitatively characterizing the pins related to SE: Pinterest, "the world's catalog of ideas", is a visual social networking site that enables users to freely upload visual material, to bookmark, and to share it (repin)...
September 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679198/post-anoxic-status-epilepticus-which-variable-could-modify-prognosis-a-single-centre-experience
#9
Christian Lettieri, Grazia Devigili, Giada Pauletto, Miriam Isola, Sara Rinaldo, Riccardo Budai, Roberto Eleopra
BACKGROUND: Status epilepticus (SE) is associated with high mortality in post-anoxic coma despite antiepileptic treatment. The aim of our study was to assess the percentage of awakening in a consecutive series of post-anoxic comatose patients with an EEG pattern consistent with SE and to verify any correlation with clinical, neurophysiological or pharmacological parameters. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data collected from seventeen patients affected by post- anoxic SE matching them with outcome scores by means of univariate statistical analysis...
July 5, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612538/-risk-factors-and-prognosis-of-secondary-epilepsy-in-children-with-viral-encephalitis
#10
Liang Huang, Dan Yu, Rong Luo, Min Li, Hui Zhou, Xiao-Tang Cai, Zhi-Ling Wang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical features of viral encephalitis in children at acute stage, and the relationship of these clinical features with post viral encephalitic epilepsy. METHODS: The children with viral encephalitis treated in West China Second University Hospital between January 2010 and January 2014 were enrolled. The clinical features included general conditions, clinical manifestations, video electroencephalogram (VEEG), neuroimaging, virology, prognosis and antiepileptic drugs...
March 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597112/serial-magnetic-resonance-study-in-super-refractory-status-epilepticus-progressive-involvement-of-striatum-and-pallidus-is-a-possible-predictive-marker-of-negative-outcome
#11
Alessandra Ferrari, Paolo Renzetti, Carlo Serrati, Roberto Fancellu
Super refractory status epilepticus (SRSE) is a life-threatening condition in which seizures do not respond to third-line anticonvulsant drug therapy. SRSE is associated with high mortality. How often SRSE occurs, what are the risk factors leading to this condition, and what is the effect on clinical outcome of failure to control seizures are poorly defined. Several studies have evaluated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in status epilepticus (SE), confirming that SE may directly cause selective neuronal necrosis due to excitotoxic mechanisms, as described in clinical case reports and experimental models...
August 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575153/targeting-oxidative-stress-improves-disease-outcomes-in-a-rat-model-of-acquired-epilepsy
#12
Alberto Pauletti, Gaetano Terrone, Tawfeeq Shekh-Ahmad, Alessia Salamone, Teresa Ravizza, Massimo Rizzi, Anna Pastore, Rosaria Pascente, Li-Ping Liang, Bianca R Villa, Silvia Balosso, Andrey Y Abramov, Erwin A van Vliet, Ennio Del Giudice, Eleonora Aronica, Daniel J Antoine, Manisha Patel, Matthew C Walker, Annamaria Vezzani
Epilepsy therapy is based on antiseizure drugs that treat the symptom, seizures, rather than the disease and are ineffective in up to 30% of patients. There are no treatments for modifying the disease-preventing seizure onset, reducing severity or improving prognosis. Among the potential molecular targets for attaining these unmet therapeutic needs, we focused on oxidative stress since it is a pathophysiological process commonly occurring in experimental epileptogenesis and observed in human epilepsy. Using a rat model of acquired epilepsy induced by electrical status epilepticus, we show that oxidative stress occurs in both neurons and astrocytes during epileptogenesis, as assessed by measuring biochemical and histological markers...
July 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551036/a-patient-with-muenke-syndrome-manifesting-migrating-neonatal-seizures
#13
Yukimune Okubo, Taro Kitamura, Mai Anzai, Wakaba Endo, Takehiko Inui, Yusuke Takezawa, Sato Suzuki-Muromoto, Takuya Miyabayashi, Noriko Togashi, Hiroshi Oba, Hirotomo Saitsu, Naomichi Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Haginoya
We report a patient with Muenke syndrome who had repetitive apneic spell followed by focal status epilepticus in the early infancy. Ictal EEG showed focal spikes bursts originated from the left hemisphere and sifted to the right hemisphere, during which he had migrating tonic seizures from right side of the body to the left side of the body. Brain MRI showed abnormal development of bilateral hippocampus, which was characterized as abnormal folding of hippocampal gyri. However, the long-term seizure prognosis was favorable...
May 24, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445601/status-epilepticus-in-dogs-and-cats-part-2-treatment-monitoring-and-prognosis
#14
REVIEW
Susan Blades Golubovic, John H Rossmeisl
OBJECTIVE: To discuss current anticonvulsant drug options and advances in treatment of status epilepticus (SE) and to review the prognosis associated with SE. TREATMENT: When treating a patient with SE, the main goals are to halt seizure activity, prevent further seizures, identify the cause of the seizures, and manage any complications. The veterinary literature indicates that benzodiazepines are the most common class of drugs used for the initial treatment of SE...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343008/electroclinical-features-of-epilepsy-in-patients-with-invdup-15
#15
REVIEW
Alberto Verrotti, Fiammetta Sertorio, Sara Matricardi, Pietro Ferrara, Pasquale Striano
PURPOSE: InvDup(15) syndrome is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities associated with epilepsy. Here we review the seizure types described in InvDup(15) patients and the main electroclinical, therapeutic, and prognostic aspects of the syndrome. METHODS: A literature search of PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE was performed to identify papers examining InvDup(15) syndrome and epilepsy. RESULTS: About 65% of the InvDup(15) patients described in the literature had multiple seizure types with a predominance (40...
April 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337727/newer-antiepileptic-drugs-in-status-epilepticus-prescription-trends-and-outcomes-in-comparison-with-traditional-agents
#16
Isabelle Beuchat, Jan Novy, Andrea O Rossetti
INTRODUCTION: Newer antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are increasingly prescribed; however, relatively limited data are available regarding their use in status epilepticus (SE) and the impact on outcome. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the evolution in prescription patterns of newer and traditional AEDs in this clinical setting, and their association with prognosis. METHODS: We analyzed our prospective adult SE registry over a 10-year period (2007-2016) and assessed the yearly use of newer and traditional AEDs and their association with mortality, return to baseline conditions at discharge, and SE refractoriness, defined as treatment resistance to two AEDs, including benzodiazepines...
April 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226274/mortality-morbidity-and-refractoriness-prediction-in-status-epilepticus-comparison-of-stess-and-emse-scores
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Giada Giovannini, Giulia Monti, Manuela Tondelli, Andrea Marudi, Franco Valzania, Markus Leitinger, Eugen Trinka, Stefano Meletti
PURPOSE: Status epilepticus (SE) is a neurological emergency, characterized by high short-term morbidity and mortality. We evaluated and compared two scores that have been developed to evaluate status epilepticus prognosis: STESS (Status Epilepticus Severity Score) and EMSE (Epidemiology based Mortality score in Status Epilepticus). METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed on consecutive patients with SE admitted between September 2013 and August 2015...
March 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217152/value-of-electroencephalographic-monitoring-in-newborns-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-treated-with-hypothermia
#18
Hatem Hamed Elshorbagy, Ahmed A Azab, Naglaa M Kamal, Naglaa Fathy Barseem, Mohamed M Bassiouny, Mostafa A Elsayed, Tohamy H Elkhouly
BACKGROUND: The values of electroencephalography (EEG) in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) during therapeutic hypothermia (TH) are still uncertain. AIMS: The aim of this study is to detect EEG background, the prevalence of seizures during cooling, and to determine different EEG patterns that can predict brain injury in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine newborns with HIE were subjected to TH. Continuous monitoring by video-EEG was carried out throughout cooling and during rewarming...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214108/cyclic-seizures-in-critically-ill-patients-clinical-correlates-dc-recordings-and-outcomes
#19
Lecio F Pinto, Emily J Gilmore, Ognen A Petroff, Adithya Sivaraju, Nishi Rampal, Lawrence J Hirsch, Nicolas Gaspard
OBJECTIVE: To describe EEG and clinical correlates, DC recordings and prognostic significance of cyclic seizures (CS). METHODS: We reviewed our prospective continuous EEG database to identify patients with CS, controls with non-cyclic status epilepticus (SE) and controls without seizure matched for age and etiology. EEG was reviewed with DC settings. RESULTS: 39/260 (15%) patients with electrographic seizures presented with CS. These patients were older (62 vs...
June 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144933/hidden-in-plain-sight-non-convulsive-status-epilepticus-recognition-and-management
#20
REVIEW
M O Kinney, J J Craig, P W Kaplan
Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is an electroclinical state associated with an altered level of consciousness but lacking convulsive motor activity. It can present in a multitude of ways, but classification based on the clinical presentation and electroencephalographic appearances assists in determining prognosis and planning treatment. The aggressiveness of treatment should be based on the likely prognosis and the underlying cause of the NCSE.
October 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
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