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status epilepticus prognosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226274/mortality-morbidity-and-refractoriness-prediction-in-status-epilepticus-comparison-of-stess-and-emse-scores
#1
Giada Giovannini, Giulia Monti, Manuela Tondelli, Andrea Marudi, Franco Valzania, Markus Leitinger, Eugen Trinka, Stefano Meletti
PURPOSE: Status epilepticus (SE) is a neurological emergency, characterized by high short-term morbidity and mortality. We evaluated and compared two scores that have been developed to evaluate status epilepticus prognosis: STESS (Status Epilepticus Severity Score) and EMSE (Epidemiology based Mortality score in Status Epilepticus). METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed on consecutive patients with SE admitted between September 2013 and August 2015...
February 7, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217152/value-of-electroencephalographic-monitoring-in-newborns-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-treated-with-hypothermia
#2
Hatem Hamed Elshorbagy, Ahmed A Azab, Naglaa M Kamal, Naglaa Fathy Barseem, Mohamed M Bassiouny, Mostafa A Elsayed, Tohamy H Elkhouly
BACKGROUND: The values of electroencephalography (EEG) in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) during therapeutic hypothermia (TH) are still uncertain. AIMS: The aim of this study is to detect EEG background, the prevalence of seizures during cooling, and to determine different EEG patterns that can predict brain injury in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine newborns with HIE were subjected to TH. Continuous monitoring by video-EEG was carried out throughout cooling and during rewarming...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214108/cyclic-seizures-in-critically-ill-patients-clinical-correlates-dc-recordings-and-outcomes
#3
Lecio F Pinto, Emily J Gilmore, Ognen A Petroff, Adithya Sivaraju, Nishi Rampal, Lawrence J Hirsch, Nicolas Gaspard
OBJECTIVE: To describe EEG and clinical correlates, DC recordings and prognostic significance of cyclic seizures (CS). METHODS: We reviewed our prospective continuous EEG database to identify patients with CS, controls with non-cyclic status epilepticus (SE) and controls without seizure matched for age and etiology. EEG was reviewed with DC settings. RESULTS: 39/260 (15%) patients with electrographic seizures presented with CS. These patients were older (62 vs...
January 29, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144933/hidden-in-plain-sight-non-convulsive-status-epilepticus-recognition-and-management
#4
REVIEW
M O Kinney, J J Craig, P W Kaplan
Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is an electroclinical state associated with an altered level of consciousness but lacking convulsive motor activity. It can present in a multitude of ways, but classification based on the clinical presentation and electroencephalographic appearances assists in determining prognosis and planning treatment. The aggressiveness of treatment should be based on the likely prognosis and the underlying cause of the NCSE.
February 1, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110410/neurophysiological-assessment-of-brain-dysfunction-in-critically-ill-patients-an-update
#5
REVIEW
Eric Azabou, Catherine Fischer, Jean Michel Guerit, Djillali Annane, François Mauguiere, Fréderic Lofaso, Tarek Sharshar
The aim of this review was to provide up-to-date information about the usefulness of clinical neurophysiology testing in the management of critically ill patients. Evoked potentials (EPs) and electroencephalogram (EEG) are non-invasive clinical neurophysiology tools that allow an objective assessment of the central nervous system's function at the bedside in intensive care unit (ICU). These tests are quite useful in diagnosing cerebral complications, and establishing the vital and functional prognosis in ICU...
January 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088560/role-of-comorbidities-and-in-hospital-complications-in-short-term-status-epilepticus-outcome
#6
Marco Belluzzo, Giovanni Furlanis, Lara Stragapede, Fabrizio Monti
OBJECTIVE: pre-morbid patient conditions and hospitalization complications possibly play a role in status epilepticus short-term outcome, although evidence is incomplete and non-conclusive. The study's aim was to define whether comorbidities and in-hospital complications arising after status epilepticus affect its prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective single center study was carried out. All selected patients were adults presenting an EEG-proven status epilepticus episode between 2003 and 2014...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028820/risk-factors-for-mortality-in-patients-with-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis
#7
X Chi, W Wang, C Huang, M Wu, L Zhang, J Li, D Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a severe autoimmune disorder with a mortality of 5%-7%, but few studies have focused on the predictors of death in this disease. In this study, we aim to investigate predictors and causes of death in patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. METHODS: In this cohort study, patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis were enrolled at the West China Hospital of Sichuan University between June 2011 and October 2015...
December 27, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026006/extended-eeg-and-non-convulsive-status-epilepticus-benefit-over-routine-eeg
#8
E Eskioglou, C Stähli, A O Rossetti, J Novy
OBJECTIVE: EEG monitoring is increasingly used in critically ill patients, but impact on clinical outcome remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the benefit of repeated extended EEG in the prognosis of patients with non-convulsive status epilepticus (SE). MATERIALS & METHODS: We retrospectively collected 29 consecutive patients with non-convulsive SE without coma, who underwent repeated extended EEG between 2013 and 2015. We compared these patients with an historical age-matched group of 58 patients managed between 2011 and 2013 with routine EEG only...
December 27, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960131/prognosis-of-status-epilepticus-in-patients-requiring-intravenous-anesthetic-drugs-a-single-center-experience
#9
Estevo Santamarina, Gloria M González-Cuevas, Anna Sanchez, Rosa M Gracia, Isabel Porta, Manuel Toledo, Manuel Quintana, María Sueiras, Lorena Guzmán, Javier Salas-Puig
PURPOSE: There is concern about the safety of anesthetic drugs (IVADs) in the management of status epilepticus (SE). To clarify this aspect, we aimed to assess the factors associated with a poor prognosis in SE requiring anesthetics. METHOD: We analyzed all SE requiring IVADs between October 2011 and December 2015. Demographics, clinical data, etiology, SE duration, indications for sedation, electroencephalography features, complications and the prognosis at discharge were collected...
December 7, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810245/-severe-pulmonary-embolism-revealed-by-status-epilepticus
#10
N Allou, N Coolen-Allou, B Delmas, C Cordier, J Allyn
INTRODUCTION: High-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) is associated with high mortality rate (>50%). In some cases, diagnosis of PE remains a challenge with atypical presentations like in this case report with a PE revealed by status epilepticus. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 40-year-old man without prior disease, hospitalized in ICU for status epilepticus. All paraclinical examinations at admission did not show any significant abnormalities (laboratory tests, cardiologic and neurological investigations)...
December 2016: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770719/epilepsy-with-myoclonic-absences-electroclinical-characteristics-in-a-distinctive-pediatric-epilepsy-phenotype
#11
Paresh Zanzmera, Ramshekhar N Menon, Kalyani Karkare, Himanshu Soni, Sujit Jagtap, Ashalatha Radhakrishnan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to study the electroclinical characteristics and seizure outcome of children with epilepsy with myoclonic absences (EMA). METHOD: In this descriptive cohort study, we reviewed clinical records of patients who met the criteria for EMA. Each patient's demographic data, birth/developmental history, seizure semiology/pattern, antiepileptic drugs (AED), clinical examination, video-electroencephalography (VEEG), and neuroimaging data were reviewed...
October 19, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769254/effects-of-clobazam-for-treatment-of-refractory-status-epilepticus
#12
Dominik Madžar, Anna Geyer, Ruben U Knappe, Stephanie Gollwitzer, Joji B Kuramatsu, Stefan T Gerner, Hajo M Hamer, Hagen B Huttner
BACKGROUND: Clobazam (CLB) is a well characterized antiepileptic drug (AED) that differs from other benzodiazepines by its basic chemical structure and pharmacodynamic properties. Only one previous study examined the efficacy of CLB as add-on therapy in refractory status epilepticus (RSE). METHODS: We analyzed RSE episodes treated in our institution between 2001 and 2012. Successful treatment with CLB was scored if CLB was the last AED added to therapy before RSE termination...
October 21, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741463/role-of-emse-and-stess-scores-in-the-outcome-evaluation-of-status-epilepticus
#13
María Sol Pacha, Lucas Orellana, Emanuel Silva, Glenda Ernst, Fatima Pantiu, Julieta Quiroga Narvaez, Ricardo Reisin, Oscar Martinez
Status epilepticus (SE) is a severe neurological condition with significant morbidity and mortality. A reliable tool for prognosis is needed to take decision regarding treatment strategies. We compared 2 available prognostic scores of outcome: the Status Epilepticus Severity Score (STESS) and the Epidemiology-based Mortality score in SE (EMSE). We included 46 patients with SE evaluated out the last 5years in our hospital. We excluded patients with postanoxic encephalopathy or incomplete data. Among the 46 patients with SE, in-hospital mortality was 28%...
November 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736659/status-epilepticus-in-patients-with-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy-frequency-precipitating-factors-and-outcome
#14
Emel Oğuz-Akarsu, Zeynep Aydin-Özemir, Nerses Bebek, Candan Gürses, Ayşen Gökyiğit, Betül Baykan
Status epilepticus (SE) is rarely described in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), and little is known about its frequency, subtypes, and predictors and the prognosis of these patients. In this retrospective study, we aimed to analyze the incidence of SE in patients with JME and emphasize the risk factors and long-term outcome of SE in an epilepsy outpatient-based cohort. We included patients with JME with a history of predominant myoclonic seizures and at least one diagnostic EEG with normal background activity and bursts of typical ≥3-Hz generalized spike-polyspike and waves...
November 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732919/mortality-in-dravet-syndrome-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Sharon Shmuely, Sanjay M Sisodiya, W Boudewijn Gunning, Josemir W Sander, Roland D Thijs
INTRODUCTION: Premature mortality is a major issue in Dravet syndrome (DS). To improve understanding of DS premature mortality, we conducted a comprehensive literature search with a particular emphasis on SUDEP. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane, CENTRAL, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Academic Search Premier, and ScienceDirect on the following terms: "Dravet syndrome", "severe myoclonic epilepsy", "SMEI", "mortality", "survivors", "prognosis", and "death"...
November 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694014/status-epilepticus-in-the-elderly-a-retrospective-study-on-120-patients
#16
Alexandra Rohracher, Doris P Reiter, Francesco Brigo, Gudrun Kalss, Aljoscha Thomschewski, Helmut Novak, Alexander Zerbs, Judith Dobesberger, Aynur Akhundova, Julia Höfler, Giorgi Kuchukhidze, Markus Leitinger, Eugen Trinka
PURPOSE: Status epilepticus (SE) is one of the most common neurological emergencies with a high incidence in the elderly. Major determinants of prognosis are patients' age, duration of SE and underlying etiology. We aimed identifying differences in clinical presentation of SE, etiologies and outcome between patients (pts.) sixty years or older (≥60) and younger than sixty (<60) years (yrs). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 120 patients (48 women) with SE admitted to the Neurological Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Department of Neurology, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Austria between 1/2011 and 01/2013...
November 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688633/lance-adams-syndrome-a-special-case-of-a-mother
#17
Gaurav Bhaskar Nigam, Sachin Suresh Babu, C Sudhir Peter, C Shobhna Peter
Predicting the neurological outcome in survivors of cardiorespiratory arrest is difficult. A distinction has been made between acute and chronic posthypoxic myoclonus, called myoclonic status epilepticus and Lance-Adams syndrome (LAS), respectively, with the acute condition carrying a bad prognosis. Here, we report a case of a 37-year-old female who developed seizures after a successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The available literature on such cases is very rare and has generally mentioned a poor outcome...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580931/nonconvulsive-status-epilepticus-in-the-neurosurgical-setting
#18
Yuichi Kubota, Hidetoshi Nakamoto, Takakazu Kawamata
Herein, we review the current state of nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE). NCSE has recently been recognized as one of the causes of unexplained impaired consciousness in the neurosurgical or neurocritical setting. The causes of NCSE include not only central nervous system disorders such as craniotomy, stroke, traumatic brain injury, and central nervous system inflammation, but also severe critical conditions such as sepsis and uremia, among others. NCSE shows no overt clinical manifestations; therefore, prompt and correct diagnosis is difficult...
October 15, 2016: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552490/anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-in-adult-patients-requiring-intensive-care
#19
Etienne de Montmollin, Sophie Demeret, Noëlle Brulé, Marie Conrad, Frédéric Dailler, Nicolas Lerolle, Jean-Christophe Navellou, Carole Schwebel, Mikaël Alves, Martin Cour, Nicolas Engrand, Jean-Marie Tonnelier, Eric Maury, Stéphane Ruckly, Géraldine Picard, Véronique Rogemond, Éric Magalhaes, Tarek Sharshar, Jean-François Timsit, Jérôme Honnorat, Romain Sonneville
RATIONALE: Encephalitis caused by anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antibodies is the leading cause of immune-mediated encephalitis. There are limited data on intensive care unit (ICU) management of these patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify prognostic factors of good neurologic outcome in patients admitted to an ICU with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. METHODS: This was an observational multicenter study of all consecutive adult patients diagnosed with anti-NMDAR encephalitis at the French National Reference Centre, admitted to an ICU between 2008 and 2014...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27415411/a-new-clinical-score-for-the-prognosis-of-status-epilepticus-in-adults
#20
M González-Cuevas, E Santamarina, M Toledo, M Quintana, J Sala, M Sueiras, L Guzman, J Salas-Puig
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The severity of status epilepticus (SE) has an important impact in clinical outcomes. The Status Epilepticus Severity Score (STESS) is a score for predicting mortality in SE at admission. The baseline modified Rankin Scale (mRS) might be a prognostic factor for assessing the short-tem outcomes of SE. Therefore, our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of mRS and whether its addition to the STESS improves the prediction of mortality. METHODS: Consecutive patients with SE and aged >16 years were recruited during 3 years...
October 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
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