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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777674/an-approach-for-brain-controlled-prostheses-based-on-scene-graph-steady-state-visual-evoked-potentials
#1
Rui Li, Xiaodong Zhang, Hanzhe Li, Liming Zhang, Zhufeng Lu, Jiangcheng Chen
Brain control technology can restore communication between the brain and a prosthesis, and choosing a Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) paradigm to evoke electroencephalogram (EEG) signals is an essential step for developing this technology. In this paper, the Scene Graph paradigm used for controlling prostheses was proposed; this paradigm is based on Steady-State Visual Evoked Potentials (SSVEPs) regarding the Scene Graph of a subject's intention. A mathematic model was built to predict SSVEPs evoked by the proposed paradigm and a sinusoidal stimulation method was used to present the Scene Graph stimulus to elicit SSVEPs from subjects...
May 16, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776897/reach-and-acceptability-of-a-mobile-reminder-strategy-and-facebook-group-intervention-for-weight-management-in-less-advantaged-adolescents-insights-from-the-pralimap-in%C3%A3-s-trial
#2
Laura Saez, Johanne Langlois, Karine Legrand, Marie-Hélène Quinet, Edith Lecomte, Abdou Y Omorou, Serge Briançon
BACKGROUND: Although information and communication technology interventions appear to be a promising means of reducing the health inequality gap in overweight and obesity prevention, research on information and communication technology interventions is lacking outside the Anglo-Saxon world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the reach and acceptability of 2 information and communication technology interventions delivered as part of a French nutritional program: an SMS text messaging (short message service, SMS) attendance-reminder for collective sessions strategy and a Facebook challenge group...
May 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770356/nonvolatile-infrared-memory-in-mos-2-pbs-van-der-waals-heterostructures
#3
Qisheng Wang, Yao Wen, Kaiming Cai, Ruiqing Cheng, Lei Yin, Yu Zhang, Jie Li, Zhenxing Wang, Feng Wang, Fengmei Wang, Tofik Ahmed Shifa, Chao Jiang, Hyunsoo Yang, Jun He
Optoelectronic devices for information storage and processing are at the heart of optical communication technology due to their significant applications in optical recording and computing. The infrared radiations of 850, 1310, and 1550 nm with low energy dissipation in optical fibers are typical optical communication wavebands. However, optoelectronic devices that could convert and store the infrared data into electrical signals, thereby enabling optical data communications, have not yet been realized. We report an infrared memory device using MoS2 /PbS van der Waals heterostructures, in which the infrared pulse intrigues a persistent resistance state that hardly relaxes within our experimental time scales (more than 104 s)...
April 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770076/the-use-of-technology-to-improve-health-care-to-saskatchewan-s-first-nations-communities
#4
I Khan, N Ndubuka, K Stewart, V McKinney, I Mendez
Background: Saskatchewan is a province of over one million people and over 13% are Indigenous peoples, many of whom live on reserve lands. Despite continued efforts, access to health care remains a significant challenge for these Indigenous people, especially those in the North. Objective: To address this challenge, Saskatchewan's health care providers have been incorporating the use of technology for various health services. This paper describes various ways technology has been used in First Nations communities in Saskatchewan...
June 1, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768407/the-health-e-babies-app-for-antenatal-education-feasibility-for-socially-disadvantaged-women
#5
Julia A Dalton, Dianne Rodger, Michael Wilmore, Sal Humphreys, Andrew Skuse, Claire T Roberts, Vicki L Clifton
BACKGROUND: The use of mobile technology such as phone applications (apps) has been proposed as an efficient means of providing health and clinical information in a variety of healthcare settings. We developed the Health-e Babies app as an Android smart phone application for pregnant women attending a tertiary hospital in a low socio-economic community, with the objective of providing health information about early pregnancy that would increase maternal confidence and reduce anxiety. Based on our earlier research, this form of health communication was viewed as a preferred source of information for women of reproductive age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768069/analyzing-trend-for-u-s-immigrants-e-health-engagement-from-2008-to-2013
#6
Xinyan Zhao, Bo Yang, Chau-Wai Wong
Our study examines the trend of U.S. immigrants' engagement in various e-health activities and how immigrants' use of e-health technologies is associated with their cultural characteristics over years. Aggregating three national representative samples of U.S. immigrants from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) conducted between 2008 and 2013, our results from trend analyses and logistic regressions revealed that the U.S. immigrants exhibited an increasing trend on two types of e-health engagement: tracking personal health information online and communicating with a doctor online...
May 16, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766913/telemedicine-and-neurosciences
#7
Krishnan Ganapathy
It is well documented that there is an acute shortage of neurologists and neurosurgeons in India and globally. Despite all efforts, it will be impossible to make available neurospecialists in all suburban and rural areas. Simultaneously, there has been an exponential increase in the growth and development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Plummeting costs and unbelievable sophistication in the availability of user-friendly mobile video conferencing devices is making distance meaningless. Geography has become History! Worldwide, the ultraconservative health care industry, in particular, the medical community, has been uniformly slow to adopt and embrace the use of ICT to extend their clinical reach...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764869/tele-upcat-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-home-based-tele-monitored-upper-limb-children-action-observation-training-for-participants-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#8
Giuseppina Sgandurra, Francesca Cecchi, Elena Beani, Irene Mannari, Martina Maselli, Francesco Paolo Falotico, Emanuela Inguaggiato, Silvia Perazza, Elisa Sicola, Hilde Feys, Katrijn Klingels, Adriano Ferrari, Paolo Dario, Roslyn N Boyd, Giovanni Cioni
INTRODUCTION: A new rehabilitative approach, called UPper Limb Children Action Observation Training (UPCAT), based on the principles of action observation training (AOT), has provided promising results for upper limb rehabilitation in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP). This study will investigate if a new information and communication technology platform, named Tele-UPCAT, is able to deliver AOT in a home setting and will test its efficacy on children and young people with UCP...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753353/cost-effectiveness-of-a-technology-facilitated-depression-care-management-adoption-model-in-safety-net-primary-care-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Joel W Hay, Pey-Jiuan Lee, Haomiao Jin, Jeffrey J Guterman, Sandra Gross-Schulman, Kathleen Ell, Shinyi Wu
BACKGROUND: The Diabetes-Depression Care-Management Adoption Trial is a translational study of safety-net primary care predominantly Hispanic/Latino patients with type 2 diabetes in collaboration with the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of an information and communication technology (ICT)-facilitated depression care management program. METHODS: Cost-effectiveness of the ICT-facilitated care (TC) delivery model was evaluated relative to a usual care (UC) and a supported care (SC) model...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752254/cognitive-assessment-of-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-by-telemedicine-pilot-study
#10
Anna Carotenuto, Raffaele Rea, Enea Traini, Giovanna Ricci, Angiola Maria Fasanaro, Francesco Amenta
BACKGROUND: Approximately 46.8 million people are living with dementia worldwide and their number will grow in the next years. Any potential treatment should be administered as early as possible because it is important to provide an early cognitive assessment and to regularly monitor the mental function of patients. Information and communication technologies can be helpful to reach and follow patients without displacing them, but there may be doubts about the reliability of cognitive tests performed by telemedicine...
May 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751633/heterogeneous-wireless-networks-for-smart-grid-distribution-systems-advantages-and-limitations
#11
Tarek Khalifa, Atef Abdrabou, Khaled Shaban, A M Gaouda
Supporting a conventional power grid with advanced communication capabilities is a cornerstone to transferring it to a smart grid. A reliable communication infrastructure with a high throughput can lay the foundation towards the ultimate objective of a fully automated power grid with self-healing capabilities. In order to realize this objective, the communication infrastructure of a power distribution network needs to be extended to cover all substations including medium/low voltage ones. This shall enable information exchange among substations for a variety of system automation purposes with a low latency that suits time critical applications...
May 11, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751104/usability-evaluation-of-a-medication-reconciliation-tool-embedding-safety-probes-to-assess-users-detection-of-medication-discrepancies
#12
Alissa L Russ, Michelle A Jahn, Himalaya Patel, Brian W Porter, Khoa A Nguyen, Alan J Zillich, Amy Linsky, Steven R Simon
OBJECTIVE: An electronic medication reconciliation tool was previously developed by another research team to aid provider-patient communication for medication reconciliation. To evaluate the usability of this tool, we integrated artificial safety probes into standard usability methods. The objective of this article is to describe this method of using safety probes, which enabled us to evaluate how well the tool supports users' detection of medication discrepancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We completed a mixed-method usability evaluation in a simulated setting with 30 participants: 20 healthcare professionals (HCPs) and 10 patients...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750798/guidelines-for-safe-handling-of-hazardous-drugs-a-systematic-review
#13
Mari A Bernabeu-Martínez, Mateo Ramos Merino, Juan M Santos Gago, Luis M Álvarez Sabucedo, Carmina Wanden-Berghe, Javier Sanz-Valero
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature related to the safe handling of hazardous drugs (HDs). METHOD: Critical analysis of works retrieved from MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, CINHAL, Web of Science and LILACS using the terms "Hazardous Substances", "Antineoplastic Agents" and "Cytostatic Agents", applying "Humans" and "Guidelines" as filters. Date of search: January 2017. RESULTS: In total, 1100 references were retrieved, and from those, 61 documents were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria: 24 (39...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750241/exploring-privilege-in-the-digital-divide-implications-for-theory-policy-and-practice
#14
Mei Lan Fang, Sarah L Canham, Lupin Battersby, Judith Sixsmith, Mineko Wada, Andrew Sixsmith
Background and Objectives: The digital revolution has resulted in innovative solutions and technologies that can support the well-being, independence, and health of seniors. Yet, the notion of the "digital divide" presents significant inequities in terms of who accesses and benefits from the digital landscape. To better understand the social and structural inequities of the digital divide, a realist synthesis was conducted to inform theoretical understandings of information and communication technologies (ICTs); to understand the practicalities of access and use inequities; to uncover practices that facilitate digital literacy and participation; and to recommend policies to mitigate the digital divide...
May 10, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749003/sexting-rates-and-predictors-from-an-urban-midwest-high-school
#15
David Gregg, Cheryl L Somers, Francesca Maria Pernice, Stephen B Hillman, Poco Kernsmith
BACKGROUND: Risks associated with teen sexting draw increasing concern from teachers and communities as developments in communication software and devices make sharing private content faster and simpler each year. We examined rates, recipients, and predictors of teen sexting to better plan education and preventative policies and strategies. A comprehensive literature review was conducted to determine the most likely predictors of teen sexting using prior survey studies and theoretical conceptions...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748905/diabetes-care-in-the-digital-era-a-synoptic-overview
#16
REVIEW
Farhad Fatehi, Anish Menon, Dominique Bird
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetes care is undergoing a remarkable transformation by the advancements in information and communications technology (ICT). The aim of this review is to provide a general overview of various ICT-based interventions for diabetes care, challenges of their adoption, and consider future directions. RECENT FINDINGS: A number of systematic reviews have examined studies on various aspects of telemedicine and eHealth for diabetes care, but they are generally focused on one specific type of technology application for diabetes care...
May 10, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745212/-applications-of-eco-environmental-big-data-progress-and-prospect
#17
Miao Miao Zhao, Shi Cheng Zhao, Li Yun Zhang, Fen Zhao, Rui Shao, Li Xiang Liu, Hai Feng Zhao, Ming Xu
With the advance of internet and wireless communication technology, the fields of ecology and environment have entered a new digital era with the amount of data growing explosively and big data technologies attracting more and more attention. The eco-environmental big data is based airborne and space-/land-based observations of ecological and environmental factors and its ultimate goal is to integrate multi-source and multi-scale data for information mining by taking advantages of cloud computation, artificial intelligence, and modeling technologies...
May 18, 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743069/quantifying-multi-dimensional-attributes-of-human-activities-at-various-geographic-scales-based-on-smartphone-tracking
#18
Xiaolu Zhou, Dongying Li
BACKGROUND: Advancement in location-aware technologies, and information and communication technology in the past decades has furthered our knowledge of the interaction between human activities and the built environment. An increasing number of studies have collected data regarding individual activities to better understand how the environment shapes human behavior. Despite this growing interest, some challenges exist in collecting and processing individual's activity data, e.g., capturing people's precise environmental contexts and analyzing data at multiple spatial scales...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743030/keys-to-success-of-a-community-of-clinical-practice-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-the-ecopih-project
#19
David Lacasta Tintorer, Josep Maria Manresa Domínguez, Enriqueta Pujol-Rivera, Souhel Flayeh Beneyto, Xavier Mundet Tuduri, Francesc Saigí-Rubió
BACKGROUND: The current reality of primary care (PC) makes it essential to have telemedicine systems available to facilitate communication between care levels. Communities of practice have great potential in terms of care and education, and that is why the Online Communication Tool between Primary and Hospital Care was created. This tool enables PC and non-GP specialist care (SC) professionals to raise clinical cases for consultation and to share information. The objective of this article is to explore healthcare professionals' views on communities of clinical practice (CoCPs) and the changes that need to be made in an uncontrolled real-life setting after more than two years of use...
May 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742572/development-of-human-face-literature-database-using-text-mining-approach-phase-i
#20
Paramjit Kaur, Kewal Krishan, Suresh K Sharma
The face is an important part of the human body by which an individual communicates in the society. Its importance can be highlighted by the fact that a person deprived of face cannot sustain in the living world. The amount of experiments being performed and the number of research papers being published under the domain of human face have surged in the past few decades. Several scientific disciplines, which are conducting research on human face include: Medical Science, Anthropology, Information Technology (Biometrics, Robotics, and Artificial Intelligence, etc...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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