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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086921/a-randomized-controlled-trial-focusing-on-socio-economic-status-for-promoting-vegetable-intake-among-adults-using-a-web-based-nutrition-intervention-programme-study-protocol
#1
Saki Nakamura, Takayo Inayama, Takashi Arao
BACKGROUND: Web-based nutritional education programmes appear to be comparable to those delivered face-to-face. However, no existing web-based nutrition education or similar programme has yet been evaluated with consideration of socio-economic status. The objective of a nutritional education programme of promoting vegetable intake designed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to evaluate the results of intervention and to determine how socio-economic status influences the programme effects...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081178/gender-differences-in-hiv-care-among-criminal-justice-involved-persons-baseline-data-from-the-care-corrections-study
#2
Curt Beckwith, Breana Uhrig Castonguay, Claudia Trezza, Lauri Bazerman, Rudy Patrick, Alice Cates, Halli Olsen, Ann Kurth, Tao Liu, James Peterson, Irene Kuo
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals recently released from incarceration have suboptimal linkage and engagement in community HIV care. We conducted a study to evaluate an information and communication technology intervention to increase linkage to community care among HIV-infected persons recently involved in the criminal justice (CJ) system. Baseline characteristics including risk behaviors and HIV care indicators are reported and stratified by gender. METHODS: We recruited HIV-infected individuals in the District of Columbia jail and persons with a recent history of incarceration through community and street outreach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077906/how-to-improve-visibility-of-scientific-biomedical-sources
#3
REVIEW
Asim Kurjak
With the rapid development of information and communications technologies, industrial nations are transforming into societies in which knowledge is the most contested and valuable good. The increased speed at which we have to acquire new knowledge, insights, and abilities is forcing us to divide up learning into novel, shorter phases. The traditional choreography of learning with its long, rigid defined school, job, and university educational periods is already obsolete today. Self-organized, lifelong learning is becoming a must...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075508/differences-in-access-to-and-use-of-electronic-personal-health-information-between-rural-and-urban-residents-in-the-united-states
#4
Alexandra J Greenberg, Danielle Haney, Kelly D Blake, Richard P Moser, Bradford W Hesse
PURPOSE: The increase in use of health information technologies (HIT) presents new opportunities for patient engagement and self-management. Patients in rural areas stand to benefit especially from increased access to health care tools and electronic communication with providers. We assessed the adoption of 4 HIT tools over time by rural or urban residency. METHODS: Analyses were conducted using data from 7 iterations of the National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS; 2003-2014)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073816/technology-access-and-use-and-their-associations-with-social-engagement-among-older-adults-do-women-and-men-differ
#5
Jeehoon Kim, Hee Yun Lee, M Candace Christensen, Joseph R Merighi
OBJECTIVES: To examine how information and communication technology (ICT) access and use are conceptually incorporated in the Successful Aging 2.0 framework. METHOD: Using data from the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study (N = 6,476), we examined how ICT access and use for different purposes are associated with social engagement (i.e., informal and formal social participation) by gender. Weighted logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Findings revealed that men were more likely to access and use ICT than women...
October 8, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069667/from-loquacious-to-reticent-understanding-patient-health-information-communication-to-guide-consumer-health-it-design
#6
Rupa S Valdez, Thomas M Guterbock, Kara Fitzgibbon, Ishan C Williams, Claire A Wellbeloved-Stone, Jaime E Bears, Hannah K Menefee
BACKGROUND AND SIGNIFICANCE: It is increasingly recognized that some patients self-manage in the context of social networks rather than alone. Consumer health information technology (IT) designed to support socially embedded self-management must be responsive to patients' everyday communication practices. There is an opportunity to improve consumer health IT design by explicating how patients currently leverage social media to support health information communication. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine types of health information communication patterns that typify Facebook users with chronic health conditions to guide consumer health IT design...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069150/symptoms-and-self-care-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-perspectives-from-patients-and-healthcare-professionals-foundation-for-an-interactive-ict-application
#7
Tina Gustavell, Kay Sundberg, Catharina Frank, Yvonne Wengström, Maria Browall, Ralf Segersvärd, Ann Langius-Eklöf
PURPOSE: Poor prognosis and a problematic recovery period after pancreaticoduodenectomy means that patients may benefit from early detection of symptoms and support for self-management. Interactive Information and Communication Technology tools can be used for this purpose, but the content needs to be relevant to patients as well as healthcare professionals. To facilitate development of the content of an application for this purpose, the aim of this study was to explore common symptoms and self-care in the first six months after pancreaticoduodenectomy, as identified by patients and healthcare professionals...
February 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068980/use-of-information-and-communication-technology-and-retention-of-health-workers-in-rural-post-war-conflict-northern-uganda-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#8
Walter Onen Yagos, Geoffrey Tabo Olok, Emilio Ovuga
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technologies have become a vital infrastructural asset for use in the retention of rural health workers. However, little is known about the potential influence of ICT use, perceptions of health workers on ICT in healthcare delivery, and contribution of ICT to health care providers' retention in rural and remote areas in rural post-war and conflict situations of northern Uganda. METHODS: Data from interviews were transcribed, coded and thematically analysed...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068144/physicians-perceptions-of-physician-nurse-interactions-and-information-needs-in-china
#9
Dong Wen, Pengcheng Guan, Xingting Zhang, Jianbo Lei
BACKGROUND: Good communication between physicians and nurses is important for the understanding of disease status and treatment feedback; however, certain issues in Chinese hospitals could lead to suboptimal physician-nurse communication in clinical work. METHODS: Convenience sampling was used to recruit participants. Questionnaires were sent to clinical physicians in three top tertiary Grade-A teaching hospitals in China and six hundred and seventeen physicians participated in the survey...
January 9, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067559/implementing-an-electronic-patient-handover-system
#10
Ben Oakley, James B Hunter
BACKGROUND: Clear communication among health-care teams is paramount for safe patient care and effective handover. Advances in information technology have led to an increased use of electronic systems within modern health care. This quality improvement project introduced an electronic patient handover system that was intended to improve the accuracy of patient handover lists and be readily available to all members of the health-care team. METHODS: A quality improvement project was undertaken to assess the effect of introducing an electronic patient handover system on maintenance workload and list accuracy...
January 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062391/personal-health-records-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Alex Roehrs, Cristiano André da Costa, Rodrigo da Rosa Righi, Kleinner Silva Farias de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technology (ICT) has transformed the health care field worldwide. One of the main drivers of this change is the electronic health record (EHR). However, there are still open issues and challenges because the EHR usually reflects the partial view of a health care provider without the ability for patients to control or interact with their data. Furthermore, with the growth of mobile and ubiquitous computing, the number of records regarding personal health is increasing exponentially...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059693/tightrope-walking-towards-maximising-secondary-uses-of-digitised-health-data-a-qualitative-study
#12
Ann R R Robertson, Pam Smith, Harpreet S Sood, Kathrin Cresswell, Ulugbek Nurmatov Nurmatov, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Timely progress with attaining benefits from Health Information Technology (HIT) investments requires UK policymakers and others to negotiate challenges in developing structures and processes to catalyse the trustworthy secondary uses of HIT-derived data. AIMS: We aimed to uncover expert insights into perceived barriers and facilitators for maximising safe and secure secondary uses of HIT-derived data in the UK. METHODS: We purposively selected individuals from a range of disciplines in the UK and abroad to participate in a thematically analysed, semi-structured interview study...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057186/identification-of-genomic-somatic-variants-in-cancer-from-discovery-to-actionability
#13
G L Fawcett, A Karina Eterovic
The perfect method to discover and validate actionable somatic variants in cancer has not yet been developed, yet significant progress has been made toward this goal. There have been huge increases in the throughput and cost of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) sequencing technologies that have led to the burgeoning possibility of using sequencing data in clinical settings. Discovery of somatic mutations is relatively simple and has been improved recently due to laboratory methods optimization, bioinformatics algorithms development, and the expansion of various databases of population genomic information...
2017: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054737/perceived-needs-for-the-information-communication-technology-ict-based-personalized-health-management-program-and-association-among-information-provision-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-and-decisional-conflict-in-cancer-patients
#14
Jin Ah Sim, Yoon Jung Chang, Aesun Shin, Dong-Young Noh, Wonshik Han, Han-Kwang Yang, Young Whan Kim, Young Tae Kim, Seoung-Yong Jeong, Jung-Hwan Yoon, Yoon Jun Kim, Daesuk Heo, Tae-You Kim, Do-Youn Oh, Hong-Gyun Wu, Hak Jae Kim, Eui Kyu Chie, Keon Wook Kang, Ju Han Kim, Young Ho Yun
OBJECTIVE: The use of information communication technology (ICT) based tailored health management program, can have significant health impacts for cancer patients. Information provision, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and decision conflicts, were analyzed for their relationship with need for an ICT-based personalized health management program in Korean cancer survivors. METHODS: The health program needs of 625 cancer survivors from two Korean hospitals were analyzed in this cross-sectional study...
January 5, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053659/a-web-based-information-system-for-a-regional-public-mental-healthcare-service-network-in-brazil
#15
Vinicius Tohoru Yoshiura, João Mazzoncini de Azevedo-Marques, Magdalena Rzewuska, André Luiz Teixeira Vinci, Ariane Morassi Sasso, Newton Shydeo Brandão Miyoshi, Antonia Regina Ferreira Furegato, Rui Pedro Charters Lopes Rijo, Cristina Marta Del-Ben, Domingos Alves
BACKGROUND: Regional networking between services that provide mental health care in Brazil's decentralized public health system is challenging, partly due to the simultaneous existence of services managed by municipal and state authorities and a lack of efficient and transparent mechanisms for continuous and updated communication between them. Since 2011, the Ribeirao Preto Medical School and the XIII Regional Health Department of the Sao Paulo state, Brazil, have been developing and implementing a web-based information system to facilitate an integrated care throughout a public regional mental health care network...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052316/training-interventions-for-improving-telephone-consultation-skills-in-clinicians
#16
REVIEW
Alberto Vaona, Yannis Pappas, Rumant S Grewal, Mubasshir Ajaz, Azeem Majeed, Josip Car
BACKGROUND: Since 1879, the year of the first documented medical telephone consultation, the ability to consult by telephone has become an integral part of modern patient-centred healthcare systems. Nowadays, upwards of a quarter of all care consultations are conducted by telephone. Studies have quantified the impact of medical telephone consultation on clinicians' workload and detected the need for quality improvement. While doctors routinely receive training in communication and consultation skills, this does not necessarily include the specificities of telephone communication and consultation...
January 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050717/improving-patient-safety-avoiding-unread-imaging-exams-in-the-national-va-enterprise-electronic-health-record
#17
Sarah Bastawrous, Benjamin Carney
In the current digital and filmless age of radiology, rates of unread radiology exams remain low, however, may still exist in unique environments. Veterans Affairs (VA) health care systems may experience higher rates of unread exams due to coexistence of Veterans Health Information Systems and Technology Architecture (VistA) imaging and commercial picture archiving and communication systems (PACS). The purpose of this patient safety initiative was to identify any unread exams and causes leading to unread exams...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049495/the-link-between-the-west-african-ebola-outbreak-and-health-systems-in-guinea-liberia-and-sierra-leone-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Haitham Shoman, Emilie Karafillakis, Salman Rawaf
BACKGROUND: An Ebola outbreak started in December 2013 in Guinea and spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone in 2014. The health systems in place in the three countries lacked the infrastructure and the preparation to respond to the outbreak quickly and the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared a public health emergency of international concern on August 8 2014. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of health systems' organisation and performance on the West African Ebola outbreak in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone and lessons learned...
January 4, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048406/su-g-iep2-01-a-method-to-reduce-information-loss-in-jpeg-compressed-medical-images-using-richardson-lucy-deconvolution
#19
Y Choi, M Han, J Baek
PURPOSE: To minimize the information loss of medical images compressed by JPEG using Richardson-Lucy (RL) deconvolution. METHODS: We first generated reference images having three different noise structures; low-passed noise, high-passed noise, and white noise, which mimic noise structures for different medical imaging modalities. Each reference image was filtered by a Gaussian function and compressed/decompressed by JPEG 2000 algorithm. After decompression, RL deconvolution was applied to recover the reference image using the same Gaussian function...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048404/we-h-201-03-enthusiasm-and-generosity-of-spirit-necessitate-a-volunteering-structure-to-make-them-more-meaningful
#20
Y Pipman
: The desperate need for radiotherapy in low and mid-income countries (LMICs) has been well documented. Roughly 60 % of the worldwide incidence of cancer occurs in these resource-limited settings and the international community alongside governmental and non-profit agencies have begun publishing reports and seeking help from qualified volunteers. However, the focus of several reports has been on how dire the situation is and the magnitude of the problem, leaving most to feel overwhelmed and unsure as to how to help and why to get involved...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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