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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635672/towards-the-internet-of-smart-trains-a-review-on-industrial-iot-connected-railways
#1
Paula Fraga-Lamas, Tiago M Fernández-Caramés, Luis Castedo
Nowadays, the railway industry is in a position where it is able to exploit the opportunities created by the IIoT (Industrial Internet of Things) and enabling communication technologies under the paradigm of Internet of Trains. This review details the evolution of communication technologies since the deployment of GSM-R, describing the main alternatives and how railway requirements, specifications and recommendations have evolved over time. The advantages of the latest generation of broadband communication systems (e...
June 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634734/exploring-the-digital-technology-preferences-of-teenagers-and-young-adults-tya-with-cancer-and-survivors-a-cross-sectional-service-evaluation-questionnaire
#2
Esha Abrol, Mike Groszmann, Alexandra Pitman, Rachael Hough, Rachel M Taylor, Golnar Aref-Adib
PURPOSE: Digital technology has the potential to support teenagers and young adults (TYAs) with cancer from the onset of their disease into survivorship. We aimed to establish (1) the current pattern of use of TYA digital technologies within our service-user population, and (2) their preferences regarding digital information and support within the service. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered as a paper and online self-completed questionnaire to TYAs aged 13-24 accessing outpatient, inpatient, and day care cancer services at a regional specialist centre over a 4-week period...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630651/improving-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-resource-limited-settings-at-scale-a-discussion-of-interventions-and-recommendations
#3
Jessica E Haberer, Lora Sabin, K Rivet Amico, Catherine Orrell, Omar Galárraga, Alexander C Tsai, Rachel C Vreeman, Ira Wilson, Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Terrence F Blaschke, Bernard Vrijens, Claude A Mellins, Robert H Remien, Sheri D Weiser, Elizabeth Lowenthal, Michael J Stirratt, Papa Salif Sow, Bruce Thomas, Nathan Ford, Edward Mills, Richard Lester, Jean B Nachega, Bosco Mwebesa Bwana, Fred Ssewamala, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Paula Munderi, Elvin Geng, David R Bangsberg
Introduction: Successful population-level antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence will be necessary to realize both the clinical and prevention benefits of antiretroviral scale-up and, ultimately, the end of AIDS. Although many people living with HIV are adhering well, others struggle and most are likely to experience challenges in adherence that may threaten virologic suppression at some point during lifelong therapy. Despite the importance of ART adherence, supportive interventions have generally not been implemented at scale...
2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626393/a-ssvep-stimuli-encoding-method-using-trinary-frequency-shift-keying-encoded-ssvep-tfsk-ssvep
#4
Xing Zhao, Dechun Zhao, Xia Wang, Xiaorong Hou
SSVEP is a kind of BCI technology with advantage of high information transfer rate. However, due to its nature, frequencies could be used as stimuli are scarce. To solve such problem, a stimuli encoding method which encodes SSVEP signal using Frequency Shift-Keying (FSK) method is developed. In this method, each stimulus is controlled by a FSK signal which contains three different frequencies that represent "Bit 0," "Bit 1" and "Bit 2" respectively. Different to common BFSK in digital communication, "Bit 0" and "Bit 1" composited the unique identifier of stimuli in binary bit stream form, while "Bit 2" indicates the ending of a stimuli encoding...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624066/complexity-of-medical-decision-making-in-care-provided-by-surgeons-through-patient-portals
#5
Jamie R Robinson, Alissa Valentine, Cathy Carney, Daniel Fabbri, Gretchen P Jackson
BACKGROUND: Patient portals are online applications that allow patients to interact with healthcare organizations and view information. Portal messages exchanged between patients and providers contain diverse types of communications, including delivery of medical care. The types of communications and complexity of medical decision-making in portal messages sent to surgeons have not been studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We obtained all message threads initiated by patients and exchanged with surgical providers through the Vanderbilt University Medical Center patient portal from June 1 to December 31, 2014...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622943/cardiac-rehabilitation-costs
#6
Mahshid Moghei, Karam Turk-Adawi, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Paul Oh, Caroline Chessex, Sherry L Grace
BACKGROUND: Despite the clinical benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and its cost-effectiveness, it is not widely received. Arguably, capacity could be greatly increased if lower-cost models were implemented. The aims of this review were to describe: the costs associated with CR delivery, approaches to reduce these costs, and associated implications. METHODS: Upon finalizing the PICO statement, information scientists were enlisted to develop the search strategy of MEDLINE, Embase, CDSR, Google Scholar and Scopus...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621155/the-role-of-telemedicine-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-management
#7
Vera Lugo, Jair Asir Villanueva, Onintza Garmendia, Josep M Montserrat
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disease that leads in notorious symptoms and comorbidities. Although general measures are important, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the best treatment option. However, compliance can be suboptimal and telemedicine may play a role to improve it. Areas covered: Review authors searched EMBASE, PubMed and Cochrane data bases using the following keywords: continuous positive airway pressure, Obstructive sleep apnea, telemedicine, respiratory telemedicine, information and communication technology...
June 16, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617198/thinking-about-the-environment-and-theorising-change-how-could-life-history-strategy-theory-inform-mhealth-interventions-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Barak Morgan, Xanthe Hunt, Mark Tomlinson
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of literature outlining the promise of mobile information and communication technologies to improve healthcare in resource-constrained contexts. METHODS: We reviewed the literature related to mobile information and communication technologies which aim to improve healthcare in resource-constrained contexts, in order to glean general observations regarding the state of mHealth in high-income countries (HIC) and low- and middle-income countries (LMIC)...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616875/stakeholders-qualitative-perspectives-of-effective-telepractice-pedagogy-in-speech-language-pathology
#9
Megan S Overby
BACKGROUND: Academic programmes in speech-language pathology are increasingly providing telehealth/telepractice clinical education to students. Despite this growth, there is little information describing effective ways to teach it. AIMS: The current exploratory study analyzed the perceptions of speech-language pathology/therapy (SLP/SLT) faculty, student and SLP/SLT clinicians to ascertain effective pedagogical approaches for telepractice service delivery, rank the relative importance of telepractice skills and knowledge competencies, and define any pedagogical challenges to teaching them...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614637/renal-telemedicine-through-video-as-a-service-delivered-to-patients-on-home-dialysis-a-qualitative-study-on-the-renal-care-team-members-experience
#10
Jae-Llane Ditchburn, Alison Marshall
BACKGROUND: The Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust in the UK has been providing renal care through video-as-a-service (VAAS) to patients since 2013, with support from the North West NHS Shared Infrastructure Service, a collaborative team that supports information and communication technology use in the UK National Health Service. INTRODUCTION: Renal telemedicine offered remotely to patients on home dialysis supports renal care through the provision of a live high-quality video link directly to unsupported patients undergoing haemodialysis at home...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614483/-public-health-impact-of-a-remote-diagnosis-system-implemented-in-regional-and-district-hospitals-in-paraguay
#11
Pedro Galván, Miguel Velázquez, Gualberto Benítez, José Ortellado, Ronald Rivas, Antonio Barrios, Enrique Hilario
Objective: Determine the viability of a remote diagnosis system implemented to provide health care to remote and scattered populations in Paraguay. Methods: The study was conducted in all regional and general hospitals in Paraguay, and in the main district hospitals in the country's 18 health regions. Clinical data, tomographic images, sonography, and electrocardiograms (ECGs) of patients who needed a diagnosis by a specialized physician were entered into the system...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612388/dermatopathology-education-in-the-era-of-modern-technology
#12
REVIEW
Neda Shahriari, Jane Grant-Kels, Michael J Murphy
Continuing technological advances are inevitably impacting the study and practice of dermatopathology. We are seeing the transition from glass slide microscopy to virtual microscopy, which is serving both as an accessible educational medium for medical students, residents and fellows in the form of online databases and atlases, as well as a research tool to better inform us regarding the development of visual diagnostic expertise. Expansion in mobile technology is simplifying slide image attainment and providing greater opportunities for phone- and tablet-based microscopy, including teledermatopathology instruction and consultation in resource-poor areas with lack of specialists...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606894/developing-a-curriculum-for-information-and-communications-technology-use-in-global-health-research-and-training-a-qualitative-study-among-chinese-health-sciences-graduate-students
#13
Zhenyu Ma, Li Yang, Lan Yang, Kaiyong Huang, Hongping Yu, Huimin He, Jiaji Wang, Le Cai, Jie Wang, Hua Fu, Lisa Quintiliani, Robert H Friedman, Jian Xiao, Abu S Abdullah
BACKGROUND: Rapid development of information and communications technology (ICT) during the last decade has transformed biomedical and population-based research and has become an essential part of many types of research and educational programs. However, access to these ICT resources and the capacity to use them in global health research are often lacking in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) institutions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the practical issues (ie, perceptions and learning needs) of ICT use among health sciences graduate students at 6 major medical universities of southern China...
June 12, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606181/women-s-views-and-experiences-of-a-mobile-phone-based-intervention-to-support-post-abortion-contraception-in-cambodia
#14
Chris Smith, Sokhey Ly, Vannak Uk, Ruby Warnock, Caroline Free
BACKGROUND: The MObile Technology for Improved Family Planning (MOTIF) trial assessed a mobile phone-based intervention comprising voice messages and counsellor support to increase post-abortion contraception at four Marie Stopes International clinics in Cambodia. The aim of this process evaluation was to assess women's views and experiences of receiving the MOTIF intervention, gain insights into the mechanism of action of the intervention and seek recommendations for improvements. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study comprising15 semi-structured interviews with women who had received the intervention and undertook a simple thematic analysis...
June 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606080/the-challenges-of-emerging-hiss-in-bridging-the-communication-gaps-among-physicians-and-nurses-in-china-an-interview-study
#15
Dong Wen, Xingting Zhang, Jie Wan, Jing Fu, Jianbo Lei
BACKGROUND: To explore the current situation, existing problems and possible causes of said problems with regards to physician-nurse communication under an environment of increasingly widespread usage of Hospital Information Systems and to seek out new potential strategies in information technology to improve physician-nurse communication. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 physicians and nurses in five leading tertiary grade A hospitals in Beijing, China (two physicians and two nurses in each hospital)...
June 12, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603438/social-autonomy-and-heteronomy-in-the-age-of-ict-the-digital-pharmakon-and-the-dis-empowerment-of-the-general-intellect
#16
Pieter Lemmens
'The art of living with ICTs (information and communication technologies)' today not only means finding new ways to cope, interact and create new lifestyles on the basis of the new digital (network) technologies individually, as 'consumer-citizens'. It also means inventing new modes of living, producing and, not in the least place, struggling collectively, as workers and producers. As the so-called digital revolution unfolds in the context of a neoliberal cognitive and consumerist capitalism, its 'innovations' are predominantly employed to modulate and control both production processes and consumer behavior in view of the overall goal of extracting surplus value...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602027/assistive-technology-for-memory-support-in-dementia
#17
REVIEW
Henriëtte G Van der Roest, Jennifer Wenborn, Channah Pastink, Rose-Marie Dröes, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: The sustained interest in electronic assistive technology in dementia care has been fuelled by the urgent need to develop useful approaches to help support people with dementia at home. Also the low costs and wide availability of electronic devices make it more feasible to use electronic devices for the benefit of disabled persons. Information Communication Technology (ICT) devices designed to support people with dementia are usually referred to as Assistive Technology (AT) or Electronic Assistive Technology (EAT)...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600902/transfer-of-innovation-on-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma-multimorbidity-in-the-elderly-macvia-aria-reference-site-twinning-eip-on-aha
#18
J Bousquet, I Agache, M R Aliberti, R Angles, I Annesi-Maesano, J M Anto, S Arnavielhe, E Asayag, E Bacci, A Bedbrook, C Bachert, I Baroni, B A Barreto, M Bedolla-Barajas, K C Bergmann, L Bertorello, M Bewick, T Bieber, S Birov, C Bindslev-Jensen, A Blua, M Bochenska Marciniak, I Bogus-Buczynska, S Bosnic-Anticevich, I Bosse, R Bourret, C Bucca, R Buonaiuto, D Caiazza, D Caillot, D P Caimmi, P Camargos, G Canfora, V Cardona, A M Carriazo, C Cartier, G Castellano, N H Chavannes, M M Ciaravolo, C Cingi, A Ciceran, L Colas, E Colgan, J Coll, D Conforti, J Correira de Sousa, R M Cortés-Grimaldo, F Corti, E Costa, A L Courbis, E Cousein, A A Cruz, A Custovic, B Cvetkovski, C Dario, M da Silva, Y Dauvilliers, F De Blay, T Dedeu, G De Feo, B De Martino, P Demoly, G De Vries, S Di Capua Ercolano, N Di Carluccio, M Doulapsi, G Dray, R Dubakiene, E Eller, R Emuzyte, J M Espinoza-Contreras, A Estrada-Cardona, J Farrell, J Ferrero, W J Fokkens, J Fonseca, J F Fontaine, S Forti, J L Gálvez-Romero, C I García-Cobas, M H Garcia Cruz, B Gemicioğlu, R Gerth van Wijk, M Guidacci, J Gómez-Vera, N A Guldemond, Z Gutter, T Haahtela, J Hajjam, P W Hellings, L Hernández-Velázquez, M Illario, J C Ivancevich, E Jares, G Joos, J Just, O Kalayci, A F Kalyoncu, J Karjalainen, T Keil, N Khaltaev, L Klimek, V Kritikos, I Kull, P Kuna, V Kvedariene, V Kolek, E Krzych-Fałta, M Kupczyk, P Lacwik, D Larenas-Linnemann, D Laune, D Lauri, J Lavrut, M Lessa, G Levato, L Lewis, I Lieten, A Lipiec, R Louis, J A Luna-Pech, A Magnan, J Malva, J F Maspero, J J Matta-Campos, O Mayora, M A Medina-Ávalos, E Melén, E Menditto, J Millot-Keurinck, G Moda, M Morais-Almeida, R Mösges, A Mota-Pinto, J Mullol, A Muraro, R Murray, M Noguès, M Nalin, L Napoli, H Neffen, R E O'Hehir, G Onorato, S Palkonen, N G Papadopoulos, G Passalacqua, J L Pépin, A M Pereira, M Persico, O Pfaar, A C Pozzi, E Prokopakis, F Raciborski, J Rimmer, J A Rizzo, C Robalo-Cordeiro, M Rodríguez-González, G Rolla, R E Roller-Wirnsberger, A Romano, M Romano, J Salimäki, B Samolinski, F S Serpa, S Shamai, M Sierra, M Sova, M Sorlini, C Stellato, R Stelmach, T Strandberg, V Stroetmann, R Stukas, A Szylling, R Tan, V Tibaldi, A Todo-Bom, S Toppila-Salmi, P Tomazic, U Trama, M Triggiani, A Valero, E Valovirta, A Valiulis, M van Eerd, T Vasankari, A Vatrella, M T Ventura, M T Verissimo, F Viart, S Williams, M Wagenmann, C Wanscher, M Westman, M Wickman, I Young, A Yorgancioglu, E Zernotti, T Zurbierber, A Zurkuhlen, B De Oliviera, A Senn
The overarching goals of the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP on AHA) are to enable European citizens to lead healthy, active and independent lives while ageing. The EIP on AHA includes 74 Reference Sites. The aim of this study is to transfer innovation from an App developed by the MACVIA-France EIP on AHA reference site (Allergy Diary) to other reference sites. The phenotypic characteristics of rhinitis and asthma multimorbidity in adults and the elderly will be compared using validated information and communication technology (ICT) tools (i...
June 10, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598358/a-smartphone-indoor-localization-algorithm-based-on-wlan-location-fingerprinting-with-feature-extraction-and-clustering
#19
Junhai Luo, Liang Fu
With the development of communication technology, the demand for location-based services is growing rapidly. This paper presents an algorithm for indoor localization based on Received Signal Strength (RSS), which is collected from Access Points (APs). The proposed localization algorithm contains the offline information acquisition phase and online positioning phase. Firstly, the AP selection algorithm is reviewed and improved based on the stability of signals to remove useless AP; secondly, Kernel Principal Component Analysis (KPCA) is analyzed and used to remove the data redundancy and maintain useful characteristics for nonlinear feature extraction; thirdly, the Affinity Propagation Clustering (APC) algorithm utilizes RSS values to classify data samples and narrow the positioning range...
June 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598210/ehealth-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-self-management-the-patient-perspective
#20
Danny Con, Belinda Jackson, Kathleen Gray, Peter De Cruz
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) solutions may help address the growing pressure on IBD outpatient services as they encompass a component of self-management. However, information regarding patients' attitudes towards the use of eHealth solutions in IBD is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate eHealth technology use and explore the perspectives of IBD patients on what constitutes the ideal eHealth solution to facilitate self-management...
June 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
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