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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532866/the-effects-of-12-weeks-pilates-inspired-exercise-training-on-functional-performance-in-older-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Natália Donzeli Vieira, Daniela Testa, Paula Cristine Ruas, Tânia de Fátima Salvini, Aparecida Maria Catai, Ruth Caldeira Melo
BACKGROUND: Recent scientific evidence supports the benefits of Pilates exercises on postural balance and muscle strength of older persons. However, their effects on other aspects of physical fitness, which are also important for independent living in older age, are still unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a 12-week Pilates-inspired exercise program on the functional performance of community-dwelling older women. METHODS: Forty community-dwelling older women were randomly enrolled in a Pilates-inspired exercise training (2 times/week, 60 min/session) (PG, n = 21, 66...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530517/contributions-of-body-composition-characteristics-to-critical-power-and-anaerobic-work-capacity
#2
M Travis Byrd, Jonathan Robert Switalla, Joel E Eastman, Brian J Wallace, Jody L Clasey, Haley C Bergstrom
Critical power (CP) and anaerobic work capacity (AWC) from the CP test represent distinct parameters related to metabolic characteristics of the whole body and active muscle tissue, respectively. PURPOSE: This study examined the contribution of whole body composition characteristics and local lean mass to further elucidate the differences in metabolic characteristics between CP and AWC as they relate to whole body and local factors. METHODS: Fifteen, anaerobically trained males were assessed for whole body (% body fat [%BF] and mineral-free, lean mass [LBM]) and local mineral-free thigh lean mass (TLM) composition characteristic...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527156/the-effect-of-aerobic-or-aerobic-strength-exercise-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-bmi-%C3%A2-35-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#3
Alireza Hassannejad, Alireza Khalaj, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mastaneh Rajabian Tabesh, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggested that bariatric surgery is the most effective and sustainable treatment method for morbid obesity in long term, but without changing in lifestyle, maintaining optimal weight loss is almost impossible. METHODS: Sixty morbid obese patients (BMI ≥ 35) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of bariatric surgery in order to compare the impact of two different exercise programs on body composition and functional capacity outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525464/the-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-improves-fitness-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#4
Lianne B Dolan, Danielle Barry, Teresa Petrella, Lindsay Davey, Ann Minnes, Allison Yantzi, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
PURPOSE: Exercise is a demonstrated, therapeutic strategy for cancer survivors to minimize many treatment-induced side effects and may decrease risk of recurrence. Nonetheless, structured programs that combine exercise and education are not yet standardized within cancer care. The Health, Exercise, Active Living, Therapeutic lifestyle (HEALTh) program is a clinical exercise program based on the established cardiac rehabilitation model, but customized for female breast cancer survivors...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515837/resistance-training-contribute-to-the-aerobic-components-of-an-exercise-session-in-adults-but-not-as-much-in-older-adults
#5
Neha Bharti, Travis Hrubeniuk, Andrea Mayo, Martin Sénéchal, Danielle R Bouchard
Previous research has indicated that active adults are able to achieve moderate intensity as measured via heart rate during a typical resistance training (RT) session. The main objective was to identify if overweight adults and older adults can reach aerobic moderate intensity at a rate comparable to adults displaying a recommended body mass index. Twenty participants in each group were asked to visit a fitness facility twice if they self-reported doing RT for a minimum two days per week. At the first session baseline characteristics and maximal lifting capacity for each RT exercise...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514618/aerobic-or-resistance-exercise-or-both-in-dieting-obese-older-adults
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dennis T Villareal, Lina Aguirre, A Burke Gurney, Debra L Waters, David R Sinacore, Elizabeth Colombo, Reina Armamento-Villareal, Clifford Qualls
BACKGROUND: Obesity causes frailty in older adults; however, weight loss might accelerate age-related loss of muscle and bone mass and resultant sarcopenia and osteopenia. METHODS: In this clinical trial involving 160 obese older adults, we evaluated the effectiveness of several exercise modes in reversing frailty and preventing reduction in muscle and bone mass induced by weight loss. Participants were randomly assigned to a weight-management program plus one of three exercise programs - aerobic training, resistance training, or combined aerobic and resistance training - or to a control group (no weight-management or exercise program)...
May 18, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514306/unusual-case-of-rapid-growing-intraabdominal-abscess-caused-by-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-after-laparoscopic-appendectomy-due-to-perforated-appendicitis-a-case-report
#7
Dae Ro Lim, Jung Cheol Kuk, Taehyung Kim, Eung Jin Shin
INTRODUCTION: An intraabdominal abscess due to Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S maltophilia) infection is a very rare clinical manifestation. S maltophilia is a glucose nonfermentative, aerobic, gram-negative, mobile, and biofilm-forming bacterium. It is an opportunistic pathogen and uncommon cause of infection. Respiratory tract infections (pneumonia) and bloodstream infections (bacteremia) are the most common clinical manifestations of S maltophilia infection. CONCLUSIONS: This case report describes an unusual case of a rapidly growing, extremely large intraabdominal abscess (within 1 week during antibiotic therapy), which was detected 2 weeks after a laparoscopic appendectomy was performed for perforated appendicitis and was caused by multidrug-resistant S maltophilia infection...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514266/pulmonary-vascular-function-and-aerobic-exercise-capacityat-moderate-altitude
#8
Vitalie Faoro, Gael Deboeck, Marco Vicenzi, Anne-Fleur Gaston, Bamodi Simaga, Grégory Doucende, Ilona Hapkova, Emma Roca, Enric Subirats, Fabienne Durand, Robert Naeije
PURPOSE: There has been suggestion that a greater "pulmonary vascular reserve" defined by a low pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and a high lung diffusing capacity (DL) allows for a superior aerobic exercise capacity. How pulmonary vascular reserve might affect exercise capacity at moderate altitude is not known. METHODS: Thirty-eight healthy subjects underwent an exercise stress echocardiography of the pulmonary circulation, combined with measurements of DL for nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) and a cardio-pulmonary exercise test at sea level and at the altitude of 2250m...
May 17, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514048/carbon-doped-bn-nanosheets-for-the-oxidative-dehydrogenation-of-ethylbenzene
#9
Fangsong Guo, Pengju Yang, Zhiming Pan, Xu-Ning Cao, Zailai Xie, Xinchen Wang
Carbon-based catalysts have recently been demonstrated great potential for aerobic oxidative dehydrogenation reaction (ODH). However, its widespread application is retarded by the unavoidable deactivation due to the appearance of coking or combustion under ODH condition. Here we report the synthesis and characterization of porous structure of BCN nanosheets as well as their application as a novel catalyst for ODH. Such BCN nanosheets consist of hybridized, randomly distributed domains of h-BN and C phases, where C, B, and N were confirmed to covalent bond in the graphene-like layers...
May 17, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512155/functional-high-intensity-training-improves-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-function-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Stephan Nieuwoudt, Ciarán E Fealy, Julie A Foucher, Amanda R Scelsi, Steven K Malin, Mangesh R Pagadala, Michael Rocco, Bartolome Burguera, John P Kirwan
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by reductions in β-cell function and insulin secretion on the background of elevated insulin resistance. Aerobic exercise has been shown to improve β-cell function, despite a subset of T2D patients displaying "exercise resistance". Further investigations into the effectiveness of alternate forms of exercise on β-cell function in the T2D patient population are needed. We examined the effect of a novel 6-week CrossFit™ Functional High Intensity Training (F-HIT) intervention on β-cell function in 12 sedentary adults with clinically diagnosed T2D (54±2 years, 166±16 mg/dL fasting glucose)...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511848/intense-resistance-exercise-increases-peripheral-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor
#11
Kieran J Marston, Michael J Newton, Belinda M Brown, Stephanie R Rainey-Smith, Sabine Bird, Ralph N Martins, Jeremiah J Peiffer
OBJECTIVES: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been shown to increase in an intensity dependent manner in response to aerobic exercise. However, previous research investigating the use of resistance exercise to increase BDNF levels has been less conclusive, likely due to the low intensity nature of traditional resistance exercise programs. This study examined the influence of acute resistance exercise to-fatigue on serum BDNF levels and blood lactate. DESIGN: Acute crossover study...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507348/microbiological-pattern-of-diabetic-foot-infections-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-a-developing-country
#12
Zahid Miyan, Asher Fawwad, Rubina Sabir, Abdul Basit
OBJECTIVE: To determine the microbiological profile and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of organisms isolated from diabetic foot ulcers in a tertiary care hospital Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted at the Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology (BIDE), from January 2013 to March 2014. Bone, pus and tissue samples were collected from 342 patients with diabetic foot infections and inoculated on appropriate media. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were done by Kirby Bauer disk diffusion method...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505227/resveratrol-enhances-exercise-induced-cellular-and-functional-adaptations-of-skeletal-muscle-in-older-men-and-women
#13
Stephen E Alway, Jean L McCrory, Kalen Kearcher, Austen Vickers, Benjamin Frear, Diana L Gilleland, Daniel E Bonner, James M Thomas, David A Donley, Mathew W Lively, Junaith S Mohamed
Older men (n = 12) and women (n = 18) 65-80 years of age completed 12 weeks of exercise and took either a placebo or resveratrol (500 mg/d) to test the hypothesis that resveratrol treatment combined with exercise would increase mitochondrial density, muscle fatigue resistance and cardiovascular function more than exercise alone. Contrary to our hypothesis, aerobic and resistance exercise coupled with resveratrol treatment did not reduce cardiovascular risk further than exercise alone. However, exercise added to resveratrol treatment improved the indices of mitochondrial density, and muscle fatigue resistance more than placebo and exercise treatments...
May 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501806/exercise-in-type-2-diabetes-genetic-metabolic-and-neuromuscular-adaptations-a-review-of-the-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Silvano Zanuso, Massimo Sacchetti, Carl Johan Sundberg, Giorgio Orlando, Paolo Benvenuti, Stefano Balducci
The biological responses to exercise training are complex, as almost all organs and systems are involved in interactions that result in a plethora of adaptations at the genetic, metabolic and neuromuscular levels.To provide the general practitioner and the sports medicine professionals with a basic understanding of the genetic, metabolic and neuromuscular adaptations at a cellular level that occur with aerobic and resistance exercise in subjects with type 2 diabetes.For each of the three domains (genetic, metabolic and neuromuscular), the results of the major systematic reviews and original research published in relevant journals, indexed in PubMed, were selected...
May 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501804/exercise-and-other-non-pharmaceutical-interventions-for-cancer-related-fatigue-in-patients-during-or-after-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review-incorporating-an-indirect-comparisons-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Roger Hilfiker, Andre Meichtry, Manuela Eicher, Balfe Lina Nilsson, Ruud H Knols, Martin L Verra, Jan Taeymans
AIM: To assess the relative effects of different types of exercise and other non-pharmaceutical interventions on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in patients during and after cancer treatment. DESIGN: Systematic review and indirect-comparisons meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Articles were searched in PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL and published meta-analyses. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised studies published up to January 2017 evaluating different types of exercise or other non-pharmaceutical interventions to reduce CRF in any cancer type during or after treatment...
May 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501537/effects-of-exercise-on-liver-fat-and-metabolism-in-alcohol-drinkers
#16
David Houghton, Kate Hallsworth, Christian Thoma, Sophie Cassidy, Timothy Hardy, Sarah Heaps, Kieren G Hollingsworth, Roy Taylor, Christopher P Day, Steve Masson, Stuart McPherson, Quentin M Anstee, Michael I Trenell
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Exercise is an important component of obesity associated disorders and has been shown to reduce markers of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, little is known about how these effects are influenced by alcohol intake. We performed a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of exercise on hepatic triglyceride content (HTGC) and metabolism in overweight or obese patients who consume alcohol. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 27 patients (mean age 54±11years, body mass index [BMI], 31±4kg/m2) with >5% HTGC in the United Kingdom, consuming alcohol (mean 221±75 g/week)...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500079/exercise-therapy-for-functional-capacity-in-chronic-diseases-an-overview-of-meta-analyses-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Tero Pasanen, Samppa Tolvanen, Ari Heinonen, Urho M Kujala
OBJECTIVE: To summarise all meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials that have evaluated the effects of exercise therapy on functional capacity in patients with chronic diseases. DESIGN: Umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched the CENTRAL, CINAHL, DARE, Medline, OTSeeker, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Database, Web of Science, Scopus, OpenGrey and BMC Proceedings from database inception to 1 September 2016...
May 12, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498807/knockdown-of-pkm2-and-gls1-expression-can-significantly-reverse-oxaliplatin-resistance-in-colorectal-cancer-cells
#18
Wei-Qun Lu, Ying-Ying Hu, Xiao-Ping Lin, Wei Fan
Clinical treatment for colorectal cancer (CRC) thus far encounters a huge challenge due to oxaliplatin-resistance. As crucial rate-limiting enzymes in aerobic glycolysis and glutaminolysis, pyruvate kinase M2 type (PKM2) and kidney-type glutaminase (GLS1) are proposed to carry important implications in colorectal carcinogenesis and drug-resistance. This study aimed to explore the possible association of oxaliplatin-resistance with aerobic glycolysis/glutaminolysis indexed by PKM2/GLS1 expression. PKM2 and GLS1 expression was quantified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot techniques in CRC cell lines...
April 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494500/exercise-as-an-effective-transgenerational-strategy-to-overcome-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-future-generation-are-we-there
#19
Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Octávio Luiz Franco, Rinaldo Wellerson Pereira, James Navalta, Jonato Prestes
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) consist in a combination of cardiovascular risk factors including elevated blood pressure, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hyperglycemia and abdominal obesity. Exercise performed before, during and after pregnancy can exert positive effects to counteract MetS risk factors. Here this review aims to analyze the effects of exercise performed before (fathers and mothers) and after periconception (mothers) by using experimental models and its effects on MetS risk factors in offspring...
May 11, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493406/beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate-supplementation-and-skeletal-muscle-in-healthy-and-muscle-wasting-conditions
#20
REVIEW
Milan Holeček
Beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) is a metabolite of the essential amino acid leucine that has been reported to have anabolic effects on protein metabolism. The aims of this article were to summarize the results of studies of the effects of HMB on skeletal muscle and to examine the evidence for the rationale to use HMB as a nutritional supplement to exert beneficial effects on muscle mass and function in various conditions of health and disease. The data presented here indicate that the beneficial effects of HMB have been well characterized in strength-power and endurance exercise...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
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