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Andrea Domingo-Pueyo, Javier Sanz-Valero, Carmina Wanden-Berghe
BACKGROUND: To review the available scientific literature about the effects on health by occupational exposure to noise. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the retrieved scientific literature from the databases MEDLINE (via PubMed), ISI-Web of Knowledge (Institute for Scientific Information), Cochrane Library Plus, SCOPUS, and SciELO (collection of scientific journals) was conducted. The following terms were used as descriptors and were searched in free text: "Noise, Occupational," "Occupational Exposure," and "Occupational Disease...
September 2016: Noise & Health
Han Jiang, Xue Li, Qiuliang Xu
The migration of e-health systems to the cloud computing brings huge benefits, as same as some security risks. Searchable Encryption(SE) is a cryptography encryption scheme that can protect the confidentiality of data and utilize the encrypted data at the same time. The SE scheme proposed by Cash et al. in Crypto2013 and its follow-up work in CCS2013 are most practical SE Scheme that support Boolean queries at present. In their scheme, the data user has to generate the search tokens by the counter number one by one and interact with server repeatedly, until he meets the correct one, or goes through plenty of tokens to illustrate that there is no search result...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
Jolie N Haun, Margeaux Chavez, Kim M Nazi, Nicole Antinori
BACKGROUND: The US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has developed various health information technology (HIT) resources to provide accessible veteran-centered health care. Currently, the VA is undergoing a major reorganization of VA HIT to develop a fully integrated system to meet consumer needs. Although extensive system documentation exists for various VA HIT systems, a more centralized and integrated perspective with clear documentation is needed in order to support effective analysis, strategy, planning, and use...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
A Fuente, J Cernicharo, E Roueff, M Gerin, J Pety, N Marcelino, R Bachiller, B Lefloch, O Roncero, A Aguado
CONTEXT: Barnard B1b has revealed as one of the most interesting globules from the chemical and dynamical point of view. It presents a rich molecular chemistry characterized by large abundances of deuterated and complex molecules. Furthermore, it hosts an extremely young Class 0 object and one candidate to First Hydrostatic Core (FHSC) proving the youth of this star forming region. AIMS: Our aim is to determine the cosmic ray ionization rate, [Formula: see text], and the depletion factors in this extremely young star forming region...
September 2016: Astronomy and Astrophysics
Jane South, James Woodall, Karina Kinsella, Anne-Marie Bagnall
BACKGROUND: Peer interventions involving prisoners in delivering peer education and peer support in a prison setting can address health need and add capacity for health services operating in this setting. This paper reports on a qualitative synthesis conducted as part of a systematic review of prison-based peer interventions. One of the review questions aimed to investigate the positive and negative impacts of delivering peer interventions within prison settings. This covered organisational and process issues relating to peer interventions, including prisoner and staff views...
September 29, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Mishal Almazrooie, Azman Samsudin, Rosni Abdullah, Kussay N Mutter
To evaluate the security of a symmetric cryptosystem against any quantum attack, the symmetric algorithm must be first implemented on a quantum platform. In this study, a quantum implementation of a classical block cipher is presented. A quantum circuit for a classical block cipher of a polynomial size of quantum gates is proposed. The entire work has been tested on a quantum mechanics simulator called libquantum. First, the functionality of the proposed quantum cipher is verified and the experimental results are compared with those of the original classical version...
2016: SpringerPlus
Xin Liu, Shundong Li, Jian Liu, Xiubo Chen, Gang Xu
Private comparison is fundamental to secure multiparty computation. In this study, we propose novel protocols to privately determine [Formula: see text], or [Formula: see text] in one execution. First, a 0-1-vector encoding method is introduced to encode a number into a vector, and the Goldwasser-Micali encryption scheme is used to compare integers privately. Then, we propose a protocol by using a geometric method to compare rational numbers privately, and the protocol is information-theoretical secure. Using the simulation paradigm, we prove the privacy-preserving property of our protocols in the semi-honest model...
2016: SpringerPlus
Salifu Yusif, Jeffrey Soar, Abdul Hafeez-Baig
BACKGROUND: Older people generally prefer to continue living in their own homes rather than move into residential age care institutions. Assistive technologies and sensors in the home environment and/or bodily worn systems that monitor people's movement might contribute to an increased sense of safety and security at home. However, their use can raise ethical anxieties as little is known about how older persons perceive assistive and monitoring technologies. OBJECTIVES: To review the main barriers to the adoption of assistive technologies (ATs) by older adults in order to uncover issues of concern from empirical studies and to arrange these issues from the most critical to the least critical...
October 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Reed McEwan, Genevieve B Melton, Benjamin C Knoll, Yan Wang, Gretchen Hultman, Justin L Dale, Tim Meyer, Serguei V Pakhomov
Many design considerations must be addressed in order to provide researchers with full text and semantic search of unstructured healthcare data such as clinical notes and reports. Institutions looking at providing this functionality must also address the big data aspects of their unstructured corpora. Because these systems are complex and demand a non-trivial investment, there is an incentive to make the system capable of servicing future needs as well, further complicating the design. We present architectural best practices as lessons learned in the design and implementation NLP-PIER (Patient Information Extraction for Research), a scalable, extensible, and secure system for processing, indexing, and searching clinical notes at the University of Minnesota...
2016: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
Vibhu Agarwal, Lichy Han, Isaac Madan, Shaurya Saluja, Aaditya Shidham, Nigam H Shah
The steady rise in healthcare costs has deprived over 45 million Americans of healthcare services (1, 2) and has encouraged healthcare providers to look for opportunities to improve their operational efficiency. Prior studies have shown that evidence of healthcare seeking intent in Internet searches correlates well with healthcare resource utilization. Given the ubiquitous nature of mobile Internet search, we hypothesized that analyzing geo-tagged mobile search logs could enable us to machine-learn predictors of future patient visits...
2016: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
Mark Haddad, Sian Llewellyn-Jones, Steve Yarnold, Alan Simpson
The life expectancy of people with severe mental illnesses is substantially reduced, and monitoring and screening for physical health problems is a key part of addressing this health inequality. Inpatient admission presents a window of opportunity for this health-care activity. The present study was conducted in a forensic mental health unit in England. A personal physical health plan incorporating clearly-presented and easily-understood values and targets for health status in different domains was developed...
July 22, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Eva Jangland, Berit Nyberg, Pia Yngman-Uhlin
BACKGROUND: Surgical care plays an important role in the acute hospital's delivery of safe, high-quality patient care. Although demands for effectiveness are high in surgical wards quality of care and patient safety must also be secured. It is therefore necessary to identify the challenges and barriers linked to quality of care and patient safety with a focus on this specific setting. AIM: To explore situations and processes that support or hinder good safe patient care on the surgical ward...
July 21, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Sturt W Manning, Carol B Griggs, Brita Lorentzen, Gojko Barjamovic, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Bernd Kromer, Eva Maria Wild
500 years of ancient Near Eastern history from the earlier second millennium BCE, including such pivotal figures as Hammurabi of Babylon, Šamši-Adad I (who conquered Aššur) and Zimrilim of Mari, has long floated in calendar time subject to rival chronological schemes up to 150+ years apart. Texts preserved on clay tablets provide much information, including some astronomical references, but despite 100+ years of scholarly effort, chronological resolution has proved impossible. Documents linked with specific Assyrian officials and rulers have been found and associated with archaeological wood samples at Kültepe and Acemhöyük in Turkey, and offer the potential to resolve this long-running problem...
2016: PloS One
Karin Isaksson Rø, Frode Veggeland, Olaf G Aasland
RATIONALE: Peer support can entail collegial responsibility for counselling and support as well as reactions to academic or ethical failure. These considerations can be complementary, but also conflicting. OBJECTIVE: This article focuses on how the peer support programme in Norway addresses these considerations. METHODS: Focus group interviews held with Norwegian peer counsellors from August 2011 to June 2012 were analysed by a stepwise deductive-inductive method...
August 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Sarah Watkins, Belinda Dewar, Catriona Kennedy
BACKGROUND: High profile accounts of failures in patient care reflect an urgent need for transformational development in healthcare. Appreciative Inquiry is promoted as an approach to exploring and bringing about change in social systems. Appreciative Inquiry has been used extensively in North American business since the late 1980s. The application of Appreciative Inquiry may have merit in the complex world of human health experiences. OBJECTIVES: To identify, evaluate and synthesise the evidence about the impact of Appreciative Inquiry on changing clinical nursing practice in in-patient settings...
August 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Dror Ben-Zeev
Research has already demonstrated that different mHealth approaches are feasible, acceptable, and clinically promising for people with mental health problems. With a robust evidence base just over the horizon, now is the time for policy makers, researchers, and the private sector to partner in preparation for the near future. The Lifeline Assistance Program is a useful model to draw from. Created in 1985 by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC), Lifeline is a nationwide program designed to help eligible low-income individuals obtain home phone and landline services so they can pursue employment, reach help in case of emergency, and access social services and healthcare...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Clara K Chow, Nilshan Ariyarathna, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Julie Redfern
Mobile health (mHealth) has been defined as medical and public health practice supported by mobile devices, such as mobile phones, patient monitoring devices and personal digital assistants. Cardiovascular mHealth is, arguably, leading the mHealth space, through innovation, research and implementation, and especially in the areas of prevention, cardiac rehabilitation and education. mHealth includes simple strategies, such as the use of short message service (SMS) or text messages in successful short-term smoking-cessation, weight loss and diabetes management programs...
August 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
John J Rief, Megan E Hamm, Susan L Zickmund, Cara Nikolajski, Dan Lesky, Rachel Hess, Gary S Fischer, Melissa Weimer, Sunday Clark, Caroline Zieth, Mark S Roberts
Personal health records (PHRs) typically employ "passive" communication strategies, such as non-personalized medical text, rather than direct patient engagement in care. Currently there is a call for more active PHRs that directly engage patients in an effort to improve their health by offering elements such as personalized medical information, health coaches, and secure messaging with primary care providers. As part of a randomized clinical trial comparing "passive" with "active" PHRs, we explore patients' experiences with using an "active" PHR known as HealthTrak...
May 25, 2016: Health Communication
Kjersti Alsaker, Bente E Moen, Valborg Baste, Tone Morken
A qualitative study was conducted among 18 abused women from different parts of Norway to explore what paid work means for women exposed to partner violence and how living with an abusive partner affected their working life. Based on systematic text condensation analyses of their experiences as described in individual and focus group interviews, the study's findings reveal two major themes. The first is about recovery and survival, and the other about the spillover of problems caused by a violent partner into paid work...
2016: Journal of Family Violence
E Tensen, J P van der Heijden, M W M Jaspers, L Witkamp
Teledermatology, originating in 1995, has been one of the first telemedicine services to see the light of day. Two decades of teledermatology research is summarized in this review. A literature search was conducted in PubMed. Search terms included "teledermatology," "teledermoscopy," "tele wound care," "telederm*," "(dermatology OR dermoscopy OR wound care OR skin) AND (telemedicine OR ehealth or mhealth OR telecare OR teledermatology OR teledermoscopy)." Inclusion criteria were (i) Dutch or English written papers and (ii) publication year from 2011 to present or (iii) (systematic) reviews with publication year before 2011...
2016: Current Dermatology Reports
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