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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625993/an-observational-study-of-the-association-of-video-versus-text-based-informed-consent-with-multicenter-trial-enrollment-lessons-from-the-palm-study-patient-and-provider-assessment-of-lipid-management
#1
Alexander C Fanaroff, Shuang Li, Laura E Webb, Vincent Miller, Ann Marie Navar, Eric D Peterson, Tracy Y Wang
BACKGROUND: Patient participation in clinical research is low, in part because of the length and complexity of the informed consent process. Video informed consent may enhance the appeal of research and help break down barriers to participation. METHODS AND RESULTS: The PALM study (Patient and Provider Assessment of Lipid Management) enrolled 7904 patients at cardiology, endocrinology, and primary care clinics across the United States to evaluate cholesterol management practices...
April 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608609/a-novel-encryption-scheme-for-high-contrast-image-data-in-the-fresnelet-domain
#2
Nargis Bibi, Shabieh Farwa, Nazeer Muhammad, Adnan Jahngir, Muhammad Usman
In this paper, a unique and more distinctive encryption algorithm is proposed. This is based on the complexity of highly nonlinear S box in Flesnelet domain. The nonlinear pattern is transformed further to enhance the confusion in the dummy data using Fresnelet technique. The security level of the encrypted image boosts using the algebra of Galois field in Fresnelet domain. At first level, the Fresnelet transform is used to propagate the given information with desired wavelength at specified distance. It decomposes given secret data into four complex subbands...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595096/modifying-factors-of-the-health-belief-model-associated-with-missed-clinic-appointments-among-individuals-with-sickle-cell-disease
#3
Robert M Cronin, Jane S Hankins, Jeannie Byrd, Brandi M Pernell, Adetola Kassim, Patricia Adams-Graves, Alexis A Thompson, Karen Kalinyak, Michael R DeBaun, Marsha Treadwell
OBJECTIVES: Outpatient care is critical in the management of chronic diseases, including sickle cell disease (SCD). Risk factors for poor adherence with clinic appointments in SCD are poorly defined. This exploratory study evaluated associations between modifying variables from the Health Belief Model and missed appointments. METHODS: We surveyed adults with SCD (n = 211) and caregivers of children with SCD (n = 331) between October 2014 and March 2016 in six centres across the U...
March 29, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588270/impacts-of-urban-agriculture-on-the-determinants-of-health-scoping-review-protocol
#4
Pierre Paul Audate, Melissa A Fernandez, Geneviève Cloutier, Alexandre Lebel
BACKGROUND: Since the 1990s, urban agriculture (UA) has contributed to improving food security in low- and middle- income countries. Now, it is implemented as a multifunctional intervention that can influence various determinants of health (eg, food security, social relationships). Studies of interest stem from several research disciplines, use a wide range of methods, and show results that are sometimes inconsistent. Current studies have not summarized the overall effects of UA on health and its determinants...
March 27, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574716/acceptability-of-a-text-message-based-fertility-awareness-application-for-family-planning-in-lucknow-india
#5
Klaira Lerma, Griselda Reyes, Siddharth Tiwari, Akhilesh Tewari, Charlotte Hastings, Paul D Blumenthal
OBJECTIVE: To assess user satisfaction and acceptability toward a cellphone-based short message system (SMS) application for fertility awareness. METHODS: Between July 1 and September 30, 2013, the present observational study recruited women of reproductive age were presenting for family-planning services in Lucknow, India, who were not pregnant, who agreed to use the application, and who understood basic English. The application collected information on an individual's menstrual cycle and, using the calendar days approach, predicted fertility...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567004/suicide-in-parachuting-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Pierre-Antoine Peyron, Emmanuel Margueritte, Eric Baccino
Skydiving fatalities are mostly accidental and the result of human errors. However, suicides may be greatly underreported in skydivers. We present the case of a young civilian skydiver who committed suicide by jumping from an altitude of 4000m without activating his chutes. Witnesses reported that the victim had remained in a freefall position until ground impact. Besides an extensive blunt trauma, the autopsy showed an antero-posterior flattening of the body with symmetrical abrasions on its front, which were consistent with a high-energy impact on the ground in a "belly-down" position...
March 13, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561111/chapitre-4-between-risk-and-complexity-european-water-protection-law-issues
#7
Claire Joachim, Laurène Mazeau
Modern law is composed dominantly of new fields of complex legislations such as biotechnologies laws, environmental laws or intellectual property. But a particular legal area stigmatizes more than the others this increasing complexity: the water protection laws.Due to its origins deeply established in the European culture, but also due to ethical, political, economical and social issues, water protection laws appear to be the typical representation of links between risk and complexity. The European water protection law is deeply complex on two scales...
October 13, 2017: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545037/evolution-of-the-ureteral-stent-the-pivotal-role-of-the-gibbons-ureteral-catheter
#8
Ryan P Donahue, Andrew W Stamm, Robert P Gibbons, Christopher R Porter, Kathleen C Kobashi, John M Corman, Una J Lee
INTRODUCTION: The ureteral stent is engrained in the fabric of urologic practice. Virginia Mason Medical Center had a unique role in its development through the pioneering work of Dr. Robert Gibbons. Here, we review his contribution to the evolution of the modern ureteral stent. METHODS: We reviewed Dr. Gibbons' extensive work through primary sources, including interviews, projector slides, radiology images, stent prototypes, his personal writings and archived documents...
March 12, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544165/effects-of-repeated-attachment-security-priming-in-outpatients-with-primary-depressive-disorders
#9
Katherine B Carnelley, Mona-Maria Bejinaru, Lorna Otway, David S Baldwin, Angela C Rowe
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the potential effectiveness of secure attachment priming in outpatients with depressive disorders. METHODS: Forty-eight participants engaged in secure attachment priming or neutral priming in the laboratory (Time 1), after which they received three daily consecutive primes via text message (Times 2-4), aimed at maintaining the effects from Time 1. A follow-up one day later (Time 5) was also included. Dependent measures were assessed at Times 1, 4 and 5...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537349/using-texting-for-clinical-communication-in-surgery-a-survey-of-academic-staff-surgeons
#10
Mohammed Firdouse, Karen Devon, Ahmed Kayssi, Jeremy Goldfarb, Peter Rossos, Tulin D Cil
BACKGROUND: Text messaging has become ubiquitous and is being increasingly used within the health care system. The purpose of this study was to understand texting practices for clinical communication among staff surgeons at a large academic institution. METHODS: Staff surgeons in 4 subspecialties (vascular, plastics, urology, and general surgery) were surveyed electronically. RESULTS: A total of 62 surgeons from general surgery (n = 33), vascular surgery (n = 6), plastic surgery (n = 13), and urology (n = 10) completed the study (response rate 30%)...
March 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510813/electronic-monitoring-in-bipolar-disorder
#11
Maria Faurholt-Jepsen
Major reasons for the insufficient effects of current treatment options in bipolar disorder include delayed intervention for prodromal depressive and manic symptoms and decreased adherence to psychopharmacological treatment. The reliance on subjective information and clinical evaluations when diagnosing and assessing the severity of depressive and manic symptoms calls for less biased and more objective markers. By using electronic devices, fine-grained data on complex psychopathological aspects of bipolar disorder can be evaluated unobtrusively over the long term...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501908/challenges-and-solutions-implementing-an-sms-text-message-based-survey-casi-and-adherence-reminders-in-an-international-biomedical-hiv-prep-study-mtn-017
#12
William Brown, Rebecca Giguere, Alan Sheinfil, Mobolaji Ibitoye, Ivan Balan, Titcha Ho, Benjamin Brown, Luis Quispe, Wichuda Sukwicha, Javier R Lama, Alex Carballo-Diéguez, Ross D Cranston
BACKGROUND: We implemented a text message-based Short Message Service computer-assisted self-interviewing (SMS-CASI) system to aid adherence and monitor behavior in MTN-017, a phase 2 safety and acceptability study of rectally-applied reduced-glycerin 1% tenofovir gel compared to oral emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate tablets. We sought to implement SMS-based daily reminders and product use reporting, in four countries and five languages, and centralize data management/automated-backup...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499696/objectivity-applied-to-embodied-subjects-in-health-care-and-social-security-medicine-definition-of-a-comprehensive-concept-of-cognitive-objectivity-and-criteria-for-its-application
#13
Hans Magnus Solli, António Barbosa da Silva
BACKGROUND: The article defines a comprehensive concept of cognitive objectivity (CCCO) applied to embodied subjects in health care. The aims of this study were: (1) to specify some necessary conditions for the definition of a CCCO that will allow objective descriptions and assessments in health care, (2) to formulate criteria for application of such a CCCO, and (3) to investigate the usefulness of the criteria in work disability assessments in medical certificates from health care provided for social security purposes...
March 2, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411629/clinical-texting-among-medical-trainees-of-the-university-of-british-columbia
#14
Danny Guo, Nam Phan, Kendall Ho, John Pawlovich, Neil Kitson
We believe cellphone text messages are commonly used in medical practice whether in rural or urban settings and that clinical photos are often attached to them. Our interest is the use of this technology to provide dermatology service to rural and remote British Columbia. Concern has been expressed about the security of confidential information and adequacy of privacy protection in such an application. We have found little published information about the extent of texting in rural and remote settings (and none in our jurisdiction) or the number and nature of privacy breaches that have actually occurred as a result...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405432/use-of-medical-photography-among-dermatologists-a-nationwide-online-survey-study
#15
E C Milam, M C Leger
BACKGROUND: Medical photography enhances patient care, medical education, and research. Despite medical photography's widespread use, little is known about how dermatologists choose to implement photography in routine clinical practice, and how they approach issues of image storage, image security, and patient consent. OBJECTIVE: To characterize dermatologists' medical photography habits and opinions. METHODS: A 32-item anonymous, multiple-choice SurveyMonkey questionnaire about medical photography practices was emailed to program directors of the 117 United States (US) dermatology residency programs between May and August 2015, with a request to forward to faculty and affiliated dermatologists...
February 6, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390970/the-experience-of-lived-space-in-persons-with-dementia-a-systematic-meta-synthesis
#16
Linn Hege Førsund, Ellen Karine Grov, Anne-Sofie Helvik, Lene Kristine Juvet, Kirsti Skovdahl, Siren Eriksen
BACKGROUND: Identifying how persons with dementia experience lived space is important for enabling supportive living environments and creating communities that compensate for the fading capabilities of these persons. Several single studies have explored this topic; however, few studies have attempted to explicitly review and synthesize this research literature. The aim of this systematic meta-synthesis was therefore to interpret and synthesize knowledge regarding persons with dementia's experience of space...
February 1, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389926/treaty-of-waitangi-in-new-zealand-public-health-strategies-and-plans-2006-2016
#17
Heather Came, Rhonda Cornes, Tim McCreanor
AIM: This study examines how public health policy in New Zealand has represented the Treaty of Waitangi (the English version) and te Tiriti o Waitangi (the Māori text) between 2006 to 2016. METHOD: A dataset of 49 public health strategies and plans, published between 2006 and 2016, were secured from the New Zealand Ministry of Health database. A thematic analysis using Braun and Clarke's process was undertaken and then the findings were reviewed against the Māori text of te Tiriti...
February 2, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382623/improving-refill-adherence-in-medicare-patients-with-tailored-and-interactive-mobile-text-messaging-pilot-study
#18
Rena Brar Prayaga, Erwin W Jeong, Erin Feger, Harmony K Noble, Magdalen Kmiec, Ram S Prayaga
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence is a major concern in the management of chronic conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes where patients may discontinue or interrupt their medication for a variety of reasons. Text message reminders have been used to improve adherence. However, few programs or studies have explored the benefits of text messaging with older populations and at scale. In this paper, we present a program design using tailored and interactive text messaging to improve refill rates of partially adherent or nonadherent Medicare members of a large integrated health plan...
January 30, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360824/compact-fpga-hardware-architecture-for-public-key-encryption-in-embedded-devices
#19
Luis Rodríguez-Flores, Miguel Morales-Sandoval, René Cumplido, Claudia Feregrino-Uribe, Ignacio Algredo-Badillo
Security is a crucial requirement in the envisioned applications of the Internet of Things (IoT), where most of the underlying computing platforms are embedded systems with reduced computing capabilities and energy constraints. In this paper we present the design and evaluation of a scalable low-area FPGA hardware architecture that serves as a building block to accelerate the costly operations of exponentiation and multiplication in [Formula: see text], commonly required in security protocols relying on public key encryption, such as in key agreement, authentication and digital signature...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326179/mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-novel-online-sti-results-service
#20
Jo Gibbs, Catherine R H Aicken, Lorna J Sutcliffe, Voula Gkatzidou, Laura J Tickle, Kate Hone, S Tariq Sadiq, Pam Sonnenberg, Claudia S Estcourt
OBJECTIVES: Evidence on optimal methods for providing STI test results is lacking. We evaluated an online results service, developed as part of an eSexual Health Clinic (eSHC). METHODS: We evaluated the online results service using a mixed-methods approach within large exploratory studies of the eSHC. Participants were chlamydia- positive and negative users of online postal self-sampling services in six National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP) areas and chlamydia-positive patients from two genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics between 21 July 2014 and 13 March 2015...
January 11, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
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