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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545258/marker-assisted-molecular-profiling-deletion-mutant-analysis-and-rna-seq-reveal-a-disease-resistance-cluster-associated-with-uromyces-appendiculatus-infection-in-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-l
#1
Antonette R Todd, Nicole Donofrio, Venkateswara R Sripathi, Phillip E McClean, Rian K Lee, Marcial Pastor-Corrales, Venu Kal Kalavacharla
Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important legume, useful for its high protein and dietary fiber. The fungal pathogen Uromyces appendiculatus (Pers.) Unger can cause major loss in susceptible varieties of the common bean. The Ur-3 locus provides race specific resistance to virulent strains or races of the bean rust pathogen along with Crg, (Complements resistance gene), which is required for Ur-3-mediated rust resistance. In this study, we inoculated two common bean genotypes (resistant "Sierra" and susceptible crg) with rust race 53 of U...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545087/the-second-terminations-of-the-suboccipital-muscles-an-assistant-pivot-for-the-to-be-named-ligament
#2
Xiao-Ying Yuan, Chan Li, Jia-Ying Sui, Qi-Qi Zhao, Xiao Zhang, Na-Na Mou, Zhao Huang-Fu, Okoye Chukwuemeka Samuel, Nan Zheng, Seung-Ho Han, Sheng-Bo Yu, Hong-Jin Sui
In the last two decades, many studies have focused on the muscles and dense connective tissues located in the suboccipital region. Our study investigated the existence of the second terminations originating from the suboccipital muscles, and the relationship between the variable types of the To Be Named Ligament (TBNL). Anatomical dissection was performed on 35 head-neck specimens. The existence of the second terminations of the suboccipital muscles was confirmed and various types of the TBNL were observed in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544468/analysis-of-the-patients-with-simultaneous-bilateral-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#3
Tevfik Ilker Akcam, Onder Kavurmaci, Ayse Gul Ergonul, Sercan Aydin, Kutsal Turhan, Alpaslan Cakan, Ufuk Cagirici
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax (SBSP) is an uncommon condition with limited data on its incidence in the literature. In this study, we aimed to describe the bilaterality in both primary and secondary spontaneous pneumothorax cases, and the clinical approach in simultaneous disease and prognosis of these patients. METHODS: A total of 16 patients who were followed with the diagnosis of bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax between January 2005 and January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544255/a-new-polyoxometalate-pom-based-composite-%C3%AF-fabrication-through-pom-assisted-polymerization-of-dopamine-and-properties-as-anode-materials-for-high-performance-lithium-ion-battery
#4
Yan-Hong Ding, Jun Peng, Shifa-Ullah Khan, Yue Yuan
Organic substrates are indispensable to fabricate multi-functional polyoxometalate (POM)-based composites for various application fields. A new Molybdovanadophosphoric heteropolyacid (PMo10V2)-based polydopamine (PDA) composite (PMo10V2/PDA) has been firstly synthesized through a facile in-situ polymerization method under hydrothermal conditions without adding extra buffer solution. The obtained PMo10V2/PDA composite shows homogeneous microsphere morphology. By utilizing the adhesive ability of PDA, the composite can be used as an anode material without additional binder for rechargeable lithium ion batteries...
May 24, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544251/robotic-bariatric-surgery-a-general-review-of-the-current-status
#5
REVIEW
Minoa K Jung, Monika E Hagen, Nicolas C Buchs, Leo H Buehler, Philippe Morel
BACKGROUND: While conventional laparoscopy is the gold standard for almost all bariatric procedures, robotic assistance holds promise for facilitating complex surgeries and improving clinical outcomes. Since the report of the first robotic-assisted bariatric procedure in 1999, numerous publications, including those reporting comparative trials and meta-analyses across bariatric procedures with a focus on robotic assistance, can be found. PURPOSE: This article reviews the current literature and portrays the perspectives of robotic bariatric surgery...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544074/single-stage-aesthetic-and-functional-reconstruction-of-composite-facial-gunshot-wound-with-a-chimeric-functioning-muscle-and-fibular-osseous-flap-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Andreas Gravvanis, Konstantinos Apostolou, Dimitrios Anterriotis, Dimosthenis Tsoutsos
The current concepts in the aesthetic and functional reconstruction of complex oromandibular defects are presented with a case of a patient with self-inflicted gunshot wound to the face. The patient presented with a 6 cm composite mandibular defect; the buccomandibular and suborbital aesthetic zones of the cheek along with the mucosa lining, and the ipsilateral facial musculature were missing. A rapid prototyping model of the facial skeleton was used to assist in preoperative planning. A single stage reconstruction with two free flaps was planned; a free fibula osseous flap to reconstruct the mandibular defect, and a free chimeric ALT/functioning vastus lateralis muscle...
May 23, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543913/from-ligand-to-phosphor-rapid-machine-assisted-syntheses-of-substituted-iridium-iii-pyrazolate-complexes-with-tuneable-luminescence
#7
Simon J Pope, Lara Groves, Christiane Schotten, Joseph Beames, James Platts, Duncan Browne, Simon Coles, Peter Horton
A first generation machine-assisted approach towards the preparation of hybrid ligand/metal materials has been explored. A comparison of synthetic approaches demonstrates that incorporation of both flow chemistry and microwave heating, can be successfully applied to the rapid synthesis of a range of new phenyl-1H-pyrazoles (ppz) substituted with electron withdrawing groups (-F, -CF3, -OCF3, -SF5), and these, in turn, can be translated in to heteroleptic complexes, [Ir(ppz)2(bipy)]BF4 (bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine)...
May 22, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543725/tutorial-for-the-structure-elucidation-of-small-molecules-by-means-of-the-lsd-software
#8
Jean-Marc Nuzillard, Bertrand Plainchont
Automatic structure elucidation of small molecules by means of the "Logic for Structure Elucidation" software (LSD) is introduced in the context of the automatic exploitation of chemical shift correlation data and with minimal input from chemical shift values. The first step in solving a structural problem by means of LSD is the extraction of pertinent data from the 1D and 2D spectra. This operation requires the labeling of the resonances and of their correlations; its reliability highly depends on the quality of the spectra...
May 24, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543191/methadone-buprenorphine-and-naltrexone-for-the-treatment-of-opioid-use-disorder-in-pregnant-women
#9
Tran H Tran, Brooke L Griffin, Rebecca H Stone, Kathleen M Vest, Timothy J Todd
Pregnant women with opioid use disorder can be treated with methadone, buprenorphine, or naltrexone to reduce opioid use and improve retention to treatment. In this review, we compare the pregnancy outcomes of methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone in clinical trials and discuss the potential behavioral and developmental effects of these agents seen in offspring in animal studies. Important clinical considerations in the management of opioid use disorder in pregnant women and their infants are also discussed...
May 24, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542716/improving-needle-tip-identification-during-ultrasound-guided-procedures-in-anaesthetic-practice
#10
REVIEW
H J Scholten, A Pourtaherian, N Mihajlovic, H H M Korsten, R A Bouwman
Ultrasound guidance is becoming standard practice for needle-based interventions in anaesthetic practice, such as vascular access and peripheral nerve blocks. However, difficulties in aligning the needle and the transducer can lead to incorrect identification of the needle tip, possibly damaging structures not visible on the ultrasound screen. Additional techniques specifically developed to aid alignment of needle and probe or identification of the needle tip are now available. In this scoping review, advantages and limitations of the following categories of those solutions are presented: needle guides; alterations to needle or needle tip; three- and four-dimensional ultrasound; magnetism, electromagnetic or GPS systems; optical tracking; augmented (virtual) reality; robotic assistance; and automated (computerised) needle detection...
May 22, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542177/mycophenolate-mofetil-for-scleroderma-related-interstitial-lung-disease-a-real-world-experience
#11
Misbah Baqir, Ashima Makol, Thomas G Osborn, Brian J Bartholmai, Jay H Ryu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) remains the number one cause of mortality in scleroderma (SSc). Our goal was to determine the effectiveness of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in treating SSc-ILD in a retrospective study. METHODS: A retrospective, computer-assisted search was performed to identify patients with SSc-ILD treated with MMF from 1997 through 2014. We used a novel software tool, Computer-Aided Lung Informatics for Pathology Evaluation and Rating (CALIPER), to quantify parenchymal lung abnormalities on high-resolution computed tomography...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541832/design-and-development-of-the-first-exoskeletal-garment-to-enhance-arm-mobility-for-children-with-movement-impairments
#12
Martha L Hall, Michele A Lobo
Children with a variety of diagnoses have impairments that limit their arm function. Despite the fact that arm function is important for early learning and activities of daily living, there are few tools to assist movement for these children, and existing devices have challenges related to cost, accessibility, comfort, and aesthetics. In this article, we describe the design process and development of the first garment-based exoskeleton to assist arm movement in young children with movement impairments: the Playskin Lift(TM)...
May 25, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541229/deeppap-deep-convolutional-networks-for-cervical-cell-classification
#13
Ling Zhang, Le Lu, Isabella Nogues, Ronald Summers, Shaoxiong Liu, Jianhua Yao
Automation-assisted cervical screening via Pap smear or liquid-based cytology (LBC) is a highly effective cell imaging based cancer detection tool, where cells are partitioned into "abnormal" and "normal" categories. However, the success of most traditional classification methods relies on the presence of accurate cell segmentations. Despite sixty years of research in this field, accurate segmentation remains a challenge in the presence of cell clusters and pathologies. Moreover, previous classification methods are only built upon the extraction of hand-crafted features, such as morphology and texture...
May 19, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540784/safety-and-efficacy-of-radiofrequency-assisted-alpps-ralpps-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Qiang Wang, Jun Yan, Xiaobin Feng, Geng Chen, Feng Xia, Xiaowu Li, Kuansheng Ma, Ping Bie
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) has high morbidity and mortality. In this study, the safety and efficacy of a modification of ALPPS (radiofrequency-assisted ALPPS, RALPPS) were assessed in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with HCC and were considered to have an insufficient future liver remnant (FLR) were enrolled. In stage I, a radiofrequency ablation (RFA) device was used to cauterise along the planned transection plane to form a coagulum avascular area...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540779/planning-optimisation-and-evaluation-of-hyperthermia-treatments
#15
H P Kok, A N T J Kotte, J Crezee
BACKGROUND: Hyperthermia treatment planning using dedicated simulations of power and temperature distributions is very useful to assist in hyperthermia applications. This paper describes an advanced treatment planning software package for a wide variety of applications. METHODS: The in-house developed C++ software package Plan2Heat runs on a Linux operating system. Modules are available to perform electric field and temperature calculations for many heating techniques...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540230/genital-tuberculosis-current-status-of-diagnosis-and-management
#16
REVIEW
Siddharth Yadav, Prabhjot Singh, Ashok Hemal, Rajeev Kumar
Genitourinary Tuberculosis (GUTB) is the second most common extra-pulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis (Tb) and an isolated involvement of genital organs is reported in 5-30% of the cases. Genital involvement results from primary reactivation of latent bacilli either in the epididymis or the prostate or by secondary spread from the already infected urinary organs. The epididymis are the commonest involved organs affected primarily by a hematogenous mode of spread. Tb is characterized by extensive destruction and fibrosis, thus an early diagnosis may prevent function and organ loss...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538622/towards-precision-medicine-accurate-predictive-modeling-of-infectious-complications-in-combat-casualties
#17
Christopher J Dente, Matthew Bradley, Seth Schobel, Beverly Gaucher, Timothy Buchman, Allan D Kirk, Eric Elster
BACKGROUND: The biomarker profile of trauma patients may allow for the creation of models to assist bedside decision making & prediction of complications. We sought to determine the utility of modeling in the prediction of bacteremia & pneumonia in combat casualties. METHODS: This is a prospective, observational trial of patients with complex wounds treated at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center (2007-2012). Tissue, serum and wound effluent samples were collected during operative interventions until wound closure...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538525/trajectory-of-postoperative-wound-pain-within-the-first-2-weeks-following-posterior-spinal-fusion-surgery-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#18
Mun Keong Kwan, Chee Kidd Chiu, Teik Seng Chan, Kok Ian Chong, Siti Mariam Mohamad, Mohd Shahnaz Hasan, Chris Yin Wei Chan
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine and evaluate the trajectory of surgical wound pain from day 1 to day 14 after posterior spinal fusion (PSF) surgery in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Information regarding how the postoperative pain improves with time offers invaluable information not only to the patients and parents but also to assist the clinician in managing postoperative pain...
June 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538022/surgical-orthodontics
#19
Alexis M Strohl, Lauren Vitkus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article reviews some commonly used orthodontic treatments as well as new strategies to assist in the correction of malocclusion. Many techniques are used in conjunction with surgical intervention and are a necessary compliment to orthognathic surgery. Basic knowledge of these practices will aid in the surgeon's ability to adequately treat the patient. RECENT FINDINGS: Many orthodontists and surgeons are eliminating presurgical orthodontics to adopt a strategy of 'surgery first' orthodontics in orthognathic surgery...
May 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537695/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-excision-of-a-retroperitoneal-ganglioneuroma
#20
Lucas Medeiros Burttet, Fernando Jahn da Silva Abreu, Gabrielle Aguiar Varaschin, Brasil Silva, Milton Berger
INTRODUCTION: Ganglioneuromas are rare benign neoplasms of the sympathetic nervous system. We describe the case of an incidentally found ganglioneuroma in a woman. To our knowledge this is the first described case of robotic excision of a retroperitoneal ganglioneuroma. CASE: A 41-year-old female had an incidental retroperitoneal mass found during a routine US. CT scan and MRI showed an 8.3cm homogeneous mass, adjacent to left kidney upper pole, with peripheral contrast enhancement...
May 23, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
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