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Intrathecal pain pump

W Porter McRoberts, Catalina Apostol, Abdul Haleem
UNLABELLED: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) presents a therapeutic challenge due to its many presentations and multifaceted pathophysiology. There is no approved treatment algorithm and clinical interventions are often applied empirically. In cases of CRPS where symptoms are localized to an extremity, a targeted treatment is indicated. We describe the use of intrathecal bupivacaine monotherapy, delivered through a retrograde catheter, in the treatment of CRPS affecting the lower extremity...
September 2016: Pain Physician
I Elias Veizi, Salim M Hayek, Michael Hanes, Ryan Galica, Sivakanth Katta, Tony Yaksh
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal drug delivery therapy has been used effectively in treating patients with intractable chronic pain. The development of an intrathecal catheter tip granuloma (ICTG) related to delivery of intrathecal opiates is a relatively infrequent, but potentially devastating complication. While there are many morphine-related ICTG cases described, reports of hydromorphone-related ICTG are limited. In addition, studies suggest a strong correlation between the use of higher doses and concentrations of intrathecal opiates and ICTG formation...
October 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Julia Prusik, Charles Argoff, Sophia Peng, Julie G Pilitsis
BACKGROUND: Ziconotide use in intrathecal drug therapy (IDT) has been limited by dosing related side effects. We examine our experience with ziconotide as a first line IDT monotherapy in patients with chronic pain and present our low and slow dosing algorithm aimed at reducing these patient experienced side effects while adequately managing pain. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed demographics, dosing, and outcomes of 15 consecutive patients with complete three-month data sets implanted with intrathecal pain pumps more than three years utilizing ziconotide as a first-line monotherapy...
August 5, 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Aaron L Boster, Susan E Bennett, Gerald S Bilsky, Mark Gudesblatt, Stephen F Koelbel, Maura McManus, Michael Saulino
INTRODUCTION: Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) screening assesses response to a test dose of ITB on spasticity and function and identifies adverse reactions. METHOD: An expert panel consulted on best practices after conducting an extensive literature search and conducting an online survey. RESULTS: A successful trial may confirm predetermined goals, which may include improved mobility/positioning, decreased time/improved independence for activities, less home exercise, better wheelchair tolerance, decreased caregiver time, improved sleep, and reduced pain, or may modify goals and expectations...
August 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Matthias Morgalla, Marcos Fortunato, Ala Azam, Marcos Tatagiba, Guillherme Lepski
BACKGROUND: The assessment of the functionality of intrathecal drug delivery (IDD) systems remains difficult and time-consuming. Catheter-related problems are still very common, and sometimes difficult to diagnose. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study is to investigate the accuracy of high-resolution three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) in order to detect catheter-related pump dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: An observational, retrospective investigation...
July 2016: Pain Physician
Sanjeet Narang, Suresh K Srinivasan, Nantthasorn Zinboonyahgoon, Christian E Sampson
INTRODUCTION: Neuraxial drug delivery via intrathecal drug delivery systems (IDDS) is becoming an increasingly common mode of treating intractable cancer-related pain, chronic pain, or severe spasticity. An implanted infusion pump delivers medication into the intrathecal (subarachnoid) space via a thin catheter. These pumps are commonly placed in the anterior abdominal wall. Certain conditions may render it difficult or unsafe for an IDDS to be implanted at the traditional site; thus, alternative sites have been explored...
August 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Jasper Van Aalst, Onno P Teernstra, Wim E Weber, Kim Rijkers
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinicoradiological entity based on clinical signs, including headache, visual abnormalities, and seizures, and radiological abnormalities mostly consisting of vasogenic brain edema predominantly in the posterior parietal-temporal-occipital regions. PRES typically develops in the setting of a significant " systemic process", including preeclampsia, transplantation, infection/sepsis/shock, autoimmune disease, and cancer chemotherapy, in which hypertension often plays an important role...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
P Welpe
Cerebrospinal fluid leak, with its typical postdural puncture headache, occurs in 8-25 % of patients after insertion of a spinal catheter for treatment with an intrathecal pain pump. Symptoms are usually self-limiting; only rarely is an epidural blood patch used. In this case of a 49-year-old woman, we assumed a postdural puncture headache after replacement of the spinal catheter. Because of the persistence of symptoms and serous wound secretion around the paravertebral incision, we decided to test the catheter under radiological control with a contrast agent...
June 7, 2016: Der Schmerz
Devang Padalia, Navdeep Jassal, Sagar Patel
UNLABELLED: The management of pain due to cancer is challenging and often requires invasive therapy in addition to medication management. Intrathecal drug delivery is a form of advanced therapy that delivers medication locally in the intrathecal space while reducing systemic side effects associated with high doses of opioids. Although risks associated with intrathecal drug delivery are low, some common complications include dislodgement, kinking, or fracture of the catheter, bleeding, neurological injury, infection, and cerebrospinal leaks...
May 2016: Pain Physician
Brian M Bruel, Allen W Burton
OBJECTIVE: The increasing incidence of cancer survivorship has shifted treatment of cancer-related pain from short-term analgesia to long-term chronic pain management. As a result, alternatives to oral analgesics, such as intrathecal therapy, may be beneficial for patients with cancer-related pain. The authors review the use of intrathecal therapy in the management of cancer-related pain. METHODS: The Medline database was searched for English-language articles that included "ziconotide" or "morphine" AND ("cancer" OR "malignant") AND "intrathecal" in title or abstract...
April 28, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Emily Contrada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: American Journal of Nursing
Mohamad Mokadem, Lama Noureddine, Thomas Howard, Lee McHenry, Stuart Sherman, Evan L Fogel, James L Watkins, Glen A Lehman
AIM: To evaluate pain control in chronic pancreatitis patients who underwent total pancreatectomy with islet cell transplantation or intrathecal narcotic pump infusion. METHODS: We recognized 13 patients who underwent intrathecal narcotic pump (ITNP) infusion and 57 patients who underwent total pancreatectomy with autologous islet cell transplantation (TP + ICT) for chronic pancreatitis (CP) pain control between 1998 and 2008 at Indiana University Hospital. All patients had already failed multiple other modalities for pain control and the decision to proceed with either intervention was made at the discretion of the patients and their treating physicians...
April 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Laura Hanssen Textor
: It is estimated that more than 1.6 million new cases of cancer were diagnosed in the United States in 2014. Among patients with cancer, moderate to severe pain is prevalent and can be refractory, even with the use of systemic opioids, which may cause adverse effects that are difficult to manage at the doses required to control pain. When delivered intrathecally, however, opioids and adjuvant analgesics may provide greater pain relief at dramatically lower doses and with fewer adverse effects. Although the use of intrathecal drug delivery systems for cancer pain management has increased dramatically over the past several years and is expected to continue growing, patients with intrathecal pumps often report interactions with nurses unfamiliar with the technology...
May 2016: American Journal of Nursing
Sheng-Hsiung Lin, Ya-Ni Huang, Jen-Hsin Kao, Lu-Tai Tien, Ru-Yin Tsai, Chih-Shung Wong
AIMS: Melatonin has been reported to attenuate opioid tolerance. In this study, we explored the possible mechanism of melatonin in diminishing morphine tolerance. MAIN METHODS: Two intrathecal (i.t.) catheters were implanted in male Wistar rats for drug delivery. One was linked to a mini-osmotic pump for morphine or saline infusion. On the seventh day, 50μg of melatonin or vehicle was injected through the other catheter instantly after discontinuation of morphine or saline infusion; 3h later, 15μg of morphine or saline was injected...
May 1, 2016: Life Sciences
Jing L Han, Daniel B Loriaux, Caroline Tybout, Merritt D Kinon, Shervin Rahimpour, Scott L Runyon, Thomas J Hopkins, Richard L Boortz-Marx, Shivanand P Lad
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal catheter placement has long-term therapeutic benefits in the management of chronic, intractable pain. Despite the diverse clinical applicability and rising prevalence of implantable drug delivery systems in pain medicine, the spectrum of complications associated with intrathecal catheterization remains largely understudied and underreported in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of thoracic nerve root entrapment resulting from intrathecal catheter migration...
March 2016: Pain Physician
Mithra B Maneyapanda, George C Chang Chien, Ryan Mattie, Prin Amorapanth, Christopher Reger, Zachary L McCormick
Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy is a common treatment used to reduce spasticity due to neurologic disorders and injuries. A variety of factors can increase the difficulty of ITB pump refill. Excess subcutaneous fat overlying the pump, spasticity, suboptimal positioning, pump rotation or inversion, and scar formation over the reservoir fill port can create challenges during pump refill. As a result, multiple unsuccessful attempts at accessing the reservoir fill port can be painful and increase the risk of infection, particularly when repeat skin puncture is required...
September 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Shan-Shan Cui, Rui Lu, Hui Zhang, Wei Wang, Jian-Juan Ke
Glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) reduction causes dysregulation of excitatory-inhibitory balance, contributing toward neuropathic pain development. However, the mechanisms underlying GLT-1 downregulation are still unclear. Histone acetylation plays a pivotal role in the regulation of gene expression. We sought to examine the contribution of histone acetylation on pain hypersensitivity and GLT-1 downregulation in neuropathic pain development. Histone deacetylase inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) was intrathecally infused to rats through osmotic pumps from -5 days to 7 days after spinal nerve ligation (SNL)...
April 13, 2016: Neuroreport
Marco Cascella, Maria Rosaria Muzio, Daniela Viscardi, Arturo Cuomo
Pain is a common and debilitating symptom in pelvic cancer diseases. Failure in controlling this pain through pharmacological approaches calls for employing multimodal management and invasive techniques. Various strategies are commonly used for this purpose, including palliative radiotherapy, epidural medications and intrathecal administration of analgesic and local anesthetic drugs with pumps, and neural or plexus blockade. This review focuses on the features of minimally invasive palliative procedures (MIPPs), such as radiofrequency ablation, laser-induced thermotherapy, cryoablation, irreversible electroporation, electrochemotherapy, microwave ablation, and cementoplasty as well as their role in palliation of cancer pelvic pain...
March 2, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Laura Demartini, Francesco Fanfulla, Cesare Bonezzi, Luciana Armiento, Michelangelo Buonocore
OBJECTIVES: Intrathecal (IT) drug administration is an advanced technique in pain treatment algorithm for patients poorly responsive to systemic pharmacological treatment or less invasive techniques. The aim is to improve analgesia lowering side effects; despite this premise, many side effects of long-term IT therapy have been described, mainly related to opioid administration. We observed, in some of the patients regularly followed for pump refills in our Pain Unit, the appearance of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) interfering with daily life and work activity; this study aims to investigate the incidence of EDS in patients on IT analgesia with opioid or non-opioid drugs and its possible relationship with respiratory problems during sleep...
October 2015: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Massimo Natale, Salvatore D'Oria, Veronica Venera Nero, Eleonora Squillante, Marisa Gentile, Michele Rotondo
OBJECTIVES: Spasticity is associated with various neurological conditions. In this study the authors analyzed the long term effects of intrathecal baclofen therapy in multiple sclerosis and evalued the benefits of the treatment on spasticity, disability, pain, spasm frequency and rated the incidence of side effects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A records of 123 patients, with a severe, progressive and refractory to medical therapy spasticity from different causes, underwent baclofen pump placement, after a bolus test, from 2000 to 2012,under Department of Neurosurgery at the Second University of Naples/Italy...
April 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
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