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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723410/innovative-pmdi-formulations-of-spray-dried-nanoparticles-for-efficient-pulmonary-drug-delivery
#1
Hao-Ying Li, En-Yu Xu
For drug delivery to the lungs, the aerodynamic size of drug particles plays a predominant role in determining the sites of deposition in the airway, and the particles with the size less than 2 microns are highly expected as they will be preferably delivered to the ideal site of alveolar regions. In this paper, a novel platform technology has been developed, where the water (containing pharmaceutically active agents)-in-oil (w/o) microemulsions were spray-dried to generate nanosized drug particles that were able to be homogeneously dispersed in the propellant to form an exceptionally stable suspensions with no precipitates or flocculates during a long time storage...
July 16, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721949/rising-to-the-challenge-applying-biofabrication-approaches-for-better-drug-and-chemical-product-development
#2
Anthony M Holmes, Alex Charlton, Brian Derby, Lorna Ewart, Andrew Scott, Wenmiao Shu
Many industrial sectors, from pharmaceuticals to consumer products, are required to provide data on their products to demonstrate their efficacy and that they are safe for patients, consumers and the environment. This period of testing typically requires the use of animal models, the validity of which has been called into question due to the high rates of attrition across many industries. There is increasing recognition of the limitations of animal models and demands for safety and efficacy testing paradigms which embrace the latest technological advances and knowledge of human biology...
July 19, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721831/transient-production-of-recombinant-pharmaceutical-proteins-in-plants-evolution-and-perspectives
#3
Lilya Kopertekh, Joachim Schiemann
During the last two decades the production of pharmaceutical proteins in plants evolved from proof of concept to established technology adopted by several biotechnological companies. This progress is particularly based on intensive research starting stable genetic transformation and moving to transient expression. Due to its advantages in yield and speed of protein production transient expression platforms became leading plant-based manufacturing technology. Current transient expression methods rely on Agrobacterium-mediated delivery of expression vectors into plant cells...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720170/a-decade-of-health-technology-assessment-in-poland
#4
Iga Lipska, Neil McAuslane, Hubert Leufkens, Anke Hövels
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to illustrate and provide a better understanding of the role of health technology assessment (HTA) processes in decision making for drug reimbursement in Poland and how this approach could be considered by other countries of limited resources. METHODS: We analyzed the evolution of the HTA system and processes in Poland over the past decade and current developments based on publicly available information. RESULTS: The role of HTA in drug-reimbursement process in Poland has increased substantially over the recent decade, starting in 2005 with the formation the Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Tariff System (AOTMiT)...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717021/genetic-and-metabolic-engineering-in-diatoms
#5
REVIEW
Weichao Huang, Fayza Daboussi
Diatoms have attracted considerable attention due to their success in diverse environmental conditions, which probably is a consequence of their complex origins. Studies of their metabolism will provide insight into their adaptation capacity and are a prerequisite for metabolic engineering. Several years of investigation have led to the development of the genome engineering tools required for such studies, and a profusion of appropriate tools is now available for exploring and exploiting the metabolism of these organisms...
September 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715990/single-subject-studies-in-translational-nutrition-research
#6
Nicholas J Schork, Laura H Goetz
There is a great deal of interest in personalized, individualized, or precision interventions for disease and health-risk mitigation. This is as true of nutrition-based intervention and prevention strategies as it is for pharmacotherapies and pharmaceutical-oriented prevention strategies. Essentially, technological breakthroughs have enabled researchers to probe an individual's unique genetic, biochemical, physiological, behavioral, and exposure profile, allowing them to identify very specific and often nuanced factors that an individual might possess, which may make it more or less likely that he or she responds favorably to a particular intervention (e...
July 17, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712924/advanced-methodologies-for-cocrystal-synthesis
#7
Dennis Douroumis, Steven A Ross, Ali Nokhodchi
Pharmaceutical cocrystals are multicomponent systems composed of two or more molecules and held together by H-bonding. Currently, cocrystals provide exciting opportunities in the pharmaceutical industry for the development and manufacturing of new medicines by improving poor physical properties of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) such as processability, solubility, stability and bioavailability. According to the recent reclassification, cocrystals are considered as drug polymorph rather a new API which has a significant impact on drug development, regulatory submissions and intellectual property protection...
July 13, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699788/allogeneic-cell-therapy-manufacturing-process-development-technologies-and-facility-design-options
#8
Saeed Abbasalizadeh, Mohammad Pakzad, Joaquim M S Cabral, Hossein Baharvand
Currently, promising outcomes from clinical trials of allogeneic cells, especially allogeneic mesenchymal stromal cells, fibroblasts, keratinocytes, and human cardiac stem cells, have encouraged research institutions, small and medium enterprises (SMEs), and big pharmaceutical companies to invest and focus on developing allogeneic cell therapy products. Commercial and large-scale production of allogeneic cell therapy products requires unique capabilities to develop technologies that generate safe and effective allogeneic cells/cell lines and their fully characterized master/working banks...
July 20, 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699508/edible-vaccine-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#9
Sayed Sartaj Sohrab, Mohd Suhail, Mohammad A Kamal, Azamal Husen, Esam I Azhar
Growing world population and continuous disease emergence have invited the development of more efficient new vaccines against a range of diseases. Conventional vaccines are being wildly used in the world but their production requires higher cost, more time and better infrastructure. Thus, the idea of plant-based edible vaccine technology has emerged and showed promising results with strong and effective protection against many diseases. Plants have been utilized since more than two decades as pharmaceuticals against many diseases...
July 11, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696672/magnetic-extraction-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-using-colistin-functionalized-%C3%AE-fe2o3-au-core-shell-composite-nanoclusters
#10
Charleson S Bell, Raquel Mejias, Sinead Miller, Jasmine Greer, Mark McClain, Timothy L Cover, Todd D Giorgio
Acinetobacter baumannii is a gram-negative bacterium of increasing concern due to its virulence and persistence in combat and healthcare environments. The incidence of both community-acquired and nosocomial A. baumannii infections is on the rise in foreign and domestic healthcare facilities. Treatment options are limited due to the acquisition of multi-drug resistance to the few effective antibiotics. Currently, the most effective pharmaceutically-based treatment for multi-drug-resistant A. baumannii infections is the antibiotic colistin (polymyxin E)...
July 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695201/templated-deprotonative-metalation-of-polyaryl-systems-facile-access-to-simple-previously-inaccessible-multi-iodoarenes
#11
Antonio J Martínez-Martínez, Stephen Justice, Ben J Fleming, Alan R Kennedy, Iain D H Oswald, Charles T O'Hara
The development of new methodologies to affect non-ortho-functionalization of arenes has emerged as a globally important arena for research, which is key to both fundamental studies and applied technologies. A range of simple arene feedstocks (namely, biphenyl, meta-terphenyl, para-terphenyl, 1,3,5-triphenylbenzene, and biphenylene) is transformed to hitherto unobtainable multi-iodoarenes via an s-block metal sodium magnesiate templated deprotonative approach. These iodoarenes have the potential to be used in a whole host of high-impact transformations, as precursors to key materials in the pharmaceutical, molecular electronic, and nanomaterials industries...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690839/recent-advances-in-understanding-and-managing-cancer-pain
#12
REVIEW
Marcin Chwistek
Cancer pain remains a significant clinical problem worldwide. Causes of cancer pain are multifactorial and complex and are likely to vary with an array of tumor-related and host-related factors and processes. Pathophysiology is poorly understood; however, new laboratory research points to cross-talk between cancer cells and host's immune and neural systems as an important potential mechanism that may be broadly relevant to many cancer pain syndromes. Opioids remain the most effective pharmaceuticals used in the treatment of cancer pain...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687935/update-of-ablative-fractionated-lasers-to-enhance-cutaneous-topical-drug-delivery
#13
REVIEW
Jill S Waibel, Ashley Rudnick, Deborah R Shagalov, Danielle M Nicolazzo
Ablative fractional lasers (AFXL) enhance uptake of therapeutics and this newly emerging field is called laser-assisted drug delivery (LAD). This new science has emerged over the past decade and is finding its way into clinical practice. LAD is poised to change how medicine delivers drugs. Topical and systemic application of pharmaceutical agents for therapeutic effect is an integral part of medicine. With topical therapy, the stratum corneum barrier of the skin impairs the ability of drugs to enter the body...
July 7, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685685/hemicellulose-from-plant-biomass-in-medical-and-pharmaceutical-application-a-critical-review
#14
Xinxin Liu, Qixuan Lin, Yuhuan Yan, Fenf Peng, Runcang Sung, Junli Ren
Hemicellulose is the second most abundant plant polysaccharides after cellulose. Due to the non-toxicity, abundance and biodegradability, recently more and more attention has been focused on the exploration of hemicellulose as the potential substrate for the production of liquid fuels and other value-added chemicals and materials in different fields. Especially in the pharmaceutical and medical field, hemicellulose currently has aroused growing concern in immune regulation, bacteria inhibition, drug release, anti-caries, scaffold materials and anti-tumor because of its unique special physiological characteristics including biocompatibility, inhibiting cell mutation and anti-cancer effect, etc...
July 5, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674299/introduction-interprofessional-education-ipe-and-pharmaceutical-education-saitama-interprofessional-education-project
#15
Osamu Hosoya
 In 2002, the Centre for the Advancement of Interprofessional Education (CAIPE) defined interprofessional education (IPE) as: Interprofessional Education occurs when two or more professions learn with, from, and about each other to improve collaboration and the quality of care. Since 2005, also in Japan, IPE has been introduced within educational institutions to train professionals in healthcare and welfare. Within pharmaceutical education, to acquire the "10 qualities required for pharmacists" indicated by revised model core curricula for pharmaceutical education in 2015, IPE is thought quite important...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670465/microfluidic-on-chip-biomimicry-for-3d-cell-culture-a-fit-for-purpose-investigation-from-the-end-user-standpoint
#16
REVIEW
Ye Liu, Elisabeth Gill, Yan Yan Shery Huang
A plethora of 3D and microfluidics-based culture models have been demonstrated in the recent years with the ultimate aim to facilitate predictive in vitro models for pharmaceutical development. This article summarizes to date the progress in the microfluidics-based tissue culture models, including organ-on-a-chip and vasculature-on-a-chip. Specific focus is placed on addressing the question of what kinds of 3D culture and system complexities are deemed desirable by the biological and biomedical community. This question is addressed through analysis of a research survey to evaluate the potential use of microfluidic cell culture models among the end users...
June 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668297/conductive-polymer-based-bioelectrochemical-assembly-for-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-evaluation-renoprotective-assessment-of-salvia-officinalis-against-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-nephrotoxicity
#17
Evangelia Flampouri, Νefeli-Sofia D Sotiropoulou, Sofia Mavrikou, Akrivi-Chara Mouzaki-Paxinou, Petros A Tarantilis, Spyridon Kintzios
BACKGROUND: The rise of organic electronics represents one of the most prominent technological developments of the last two decades, with its interface with biological systems highlighting new directions of research. The "soft" nature of conducting polymers renders them unique platforms for cell-based microdevices, allowing their implementation in drug discovery, pharmaceutical effect analysis, environmental pollutant testing etc. METHODS: Cellular adhesion, proliferation and viability experiments were carried out to verify the biocompatibility of a PEDOT conductive polymer surface...
June 28, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666554/characterization-of-pharmaceutically-relevant-materials-at-the-solid-state-employing-chemometrics-methods
#18
REVIEW
Natalia L Calvo, Rubén M Maggio, Teodoro S Kaufman
The understanding of materials and processes is a requirement when it comes to build quality into pharmaceutical products. This can be achieved through the development of rapid, efficient and versatile analytical methods able to perform qualification or quantification tasks along the manufacturing and control process. Process monitoring, capable of providing reliable real-time insights into the processes performance during the manufacturing of solid dosage forms, are the key to improve such understanding. In response to these demands, in recent times multivariate chemometrics algorithms have been increasingly associated to different analytical techniques, mainly vibrational spectroscopies [Raman, mid-infrared (MIR), near-infrared (NIR)], but also ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction and other methodologies...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663854/the-ecosystem-that-powered-the-translation-of-oct-from-fundamental-research-to-clinical-and-commercial-impact-invited
#19
Eric A Swanson, James G Fujimoto
25 years is a relatively short period of time for a medical technology to become a standard of care impacting the treatment of millions of people every year. Yet 25 years ago there were no OCT companies, no OCT products, no OCT markets, and only one journal article published using the term OCT (optical coherence tomography). OCT has had a tremendous scientific, clinical, and economic impact on society. Today, it is estimated that there are ~30 Million OCT imaging procedures performed worldwide every year and the OCT system market is approaching $1B per year...
March 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652015/landscape-of-innovation-for-cardiovascular-pharmaceuticals-from-basic-science-to-new-molecular-entities
#20
Jennifer M Beierlein, Laura M McNamee, Michael J Walsh, Kenneth I Kaitin, Joseph A DiMasi, Fred D Ledley
PURPOSE: This study examines the complete timelines of translational science for new cardiovascular therapeutics from the initiation of basic research leading to identification of new drug targets through clinical development and US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of new molecular entities (NMEs) based on this research. METHODS: This work extends previous studies by examining the association between the growth of research on drug targets and approval of NMEs associated with these targets...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
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