keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

central nervous system germ cell tumors

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803175/seeding-of-abdomen-with-primary-intracranial-hemangiopericytoma-by-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-case-report
#1
Kelly Bridges, Rebecca Sauerwein, Marjorie Grafe, Vassiliki Liana Tsikitis, Aaron Halfpenny, Ahmed Raslan
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) placement has been implicated in extraneural metastasis of many primary central nervous system tumors. Reported cases include, but are not limited to, medulloblastoma, germ cell tumor, astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, lymphoma, ependymoma, melanoma, and choroid plexus tumors. However, a literature review reveals no reported cases of extraneural metastasis of solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC). CASE DESCRIPTION: Here we report the case of a 34-year-old man with recurrent intracranial malignant SFT/HPC who had undergone surgical tumor resection and subsequent placement of a VPS for obstructive hydrocephalus in 2004...
August 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695992/optimal-radiotherapy-target-volumes-in-intracranial-nongerminomatous-germ-cell-tumors-long-term-institutional-experience-with-chemotherapy-surgery-and-dose-and-field-adapted-radiotherapy
#2
William G Breen, Miran J Blanchard, Amulya Nageswara Rao, David J Daniels, Jan C Buckner, Nadia N Issa Laack
PURPOSE: To evaluate patterns of failure after multimodality treatment of nongerminomatous germ cell tumors (NGGCTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of 3,440 patients diagnosed with primary intracranial NGGCT between 1988 and 2014. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients received induction chemotherapy followed by radiation with or without surgery. Median follow-up was 11.1 years (0.8-23.3). Outcomes were significantly improved in these 34 patients (5-year overall survival [OS]: 88% versus 50%, P = 0...
July 11, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594943/childhood-cancer-risk-in-those-with-chromosomal-and-non-chromosomal-congenital-anomalies-in-washington-state-1984-2013
#3
Marlena S Norwood, Philip J Lupo, Eric J Chow, Michael E Scheurer, Sharon E Plon, Heather E Danysh, Logan G Spector, Susan E Carozza, David R Doody, Beth A Mueller
BACKGROUND: The presence of a congenital anomaly is associated with increased childhood cancer risk, likely due to large effects of Down syndrome and chromosomal anomalies for leukemia. Less is known about associations with presence of non-chromosomal anomalies. METHODS: Records of children diagnosed with cancer at <20 years of age during 1984-2013 in Washington State cancer registries were linked to their birth certificates (N = 4,105). A comparison group of children born in the same years was identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541571/childhood-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-incidence-in-japan-in-2009-2011
#4
Kota Katanoda, Akiko Shibata, Tomohiro Matsuda, Megumi Hori, Kayo Nakata, Yoshitaka Narita, Chitose Ogawa, Wataru Munakata, Akira Kawai, Hiroshi Nishimoto
Little is known about cancer incidence among children and youths in Japan. We aimed to describe cancer incidence in Japan focusing on childhood, adolescence and young adulthood (AYA). Cancer incidence data were obtained from the Monitoring of Cancer Incidence in Japan project. For the 2009-2011 incidence, the data were collected from 40 prefectures, of which data from 27 prefectures meeting quality standards were analyzed (population coverage: 38.6%). Cancers diagnosed in 0-39 years of age were classified according to the International Classification of Childhood Cancer (version 3)...
May 24, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516074/an-updated-nationwide-epidemiology-of-primary-brain-tumors-in-republic-of-korea-2013
#5
Yun-Sik Dho, Kyu-Won Jung, Johyun Ha, Youngbeom Seo, Chul-Kee Park, Young-Joo Won, Heon Yoo
BACKGROUND: This report aims to provide accurate nationwide epidemiologic data on primary brain and central nervous system (CNS) tumors in the Republic of Korea. We updated the data by analyzing primary brain and CNS tumors diagnosed in 2013 using the data from the national cancer incidence database. METHODS: Data on primary brain and CNS tumors diagnosed in 2013 were collected from the Korean Central Cancer Registry. Crude and age-standardized rates were calculated in terms of gender, age, and histological type...
April 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292479/costs-for-childhood-and-adolescent-cancer-90-days-prediagnosis-and-1-year-postdiagnosis-a-population-based-study-in-ontario-canada
#6
Claire de Oliveira, Karen E Bremner, Ning Liu, Mark L Greenberg, Paul C Nathan, Mary L McBride, Murray D Krahn
BACKGROUND: Childhood and adolescent cancers are uncommon, but they have important economic and health impacts on patients, families, and health care systems. Few studies have measured the economic burden of care for childhood and adolescent cancers. OBJECTIVES: To estimate costs of cancer care in population-based cohorts of children and adolescents from the public payer perspective. METHODS: We identified patients with cancer, aged 91 days to 19 years, diagnosed from 1995 to 2009 using cancer registry data, and matched each to three noncancer controls...
March 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228901/primary-choriocarcinoma-of-the-bilateral-basal-ganglia-presenting-in-a-teenaged-male
#7
Brandon C Perry, Francisco A Perez, Jason N Nixon, Bonnie L Cole, Gisele Ishak
Primary intracranial choriocarcinoma (PICCC), a type of germ-cell tumor, is a very rare primary tumor of the central nervous system that generally arises in the pineal or suprasellar region. We present a case of a teenage boy with PICCC of the bilateral basal ganglia, an anatomic site for which we were unable to find the previous reports. We offer discussion of the differential diagnosis, imaging characteristics, and prognosis of PICCC and germ-cell tumors of the basal ganglia, in the hope that it will increase awareness and allow for early detection...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008190/central-diabetes-insipidus
#8
REVIEW
Hiroshi Arima, Yoshinori Azuma, Yoshiaki Morishita, Daisuke Hagiwara
Central diabetes insipidus (CDI), characterized by polyuria and polydipsia, is caused by deficiency of arginine vasopressin (AVP), an antidiuretic hormone which acts on V2 receptors in kidney to promote reabsorption of free water. CDI is classified into three subtypes; idiopathic, secondary and familial. A previous study suggests that infundibulo-neurohypophysitis might be an underlying cause of idiopathic CDI. Among secondary CDI, the tumors in the central nervous system such as craniopharyngioma and germ cell tumors are the most frequent causes...
December 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824869/maternal-smoking-and-the-risk-of-cancer-in-early-life-a-meta-analysis
#9
Isabell Katharina Rumrich, Matti Viluksela, Kirsi Vähäkangas, Mika Gissler, Heljä-Marja Surcel, Otto Hänninen
BACKGROUND: In spite of the well-known harmful effects on the fetus, many women continue smoking during pregnancy. Smoking as an important source of toxic chemicals may contribute to the developmental origin of diseases. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to pursue the possible association between maternal smoking and cancer in early life. Specifically, we wanted to identify the associated early life cancer types, and to quantify the associations. METHODS: In a systematic literature search 825 articles were identified in PubMed and Web of Science, and 55 more through the reference lists...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768709/maternal-and-birth-characteristics-and-childhood-embryonal-solid-tumors-a-population-based-report-from-brazil
#10
Neimar de Paula Silva, Rejane de Souza Reis, Rafael Garcia Cunha, Júlio Fernando Pinto Oliveira, Marceli de Oliveira Santos, Maria S Pombo-de-Oliveira, Beatriz de Camargo
BACKGROUND: Several maternal and birth characteristics have been reported to be associated with an increased risk of many childhood cancers. Our goal was to evaluate the risk of childhood embryonal solid tumors in relation to pre- and perinatal characteristics. METHODS: A case-cohort study was performed using two population-based datasets, which were linked through R software. Tumors were classified as central nervous system (CNS) or non-CNS-embryonal (retinoblastoma, neuroblastoma, renal tumors, germ cell tumors, hepatoblastoma and soft tissue sarcoma)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566974/the-clinical-presentation-and-favorable-prognosis-of-patients-with-isolated-metachronous-brain-metastasis-from-germ-cell-tumors
#11
Takashi Kawahara, Koji Kawai, Takayuki Yoshino, Atsushi Ikeda, Ryutarou Ishizuka, Shuya Kandori, Ei-Ichirou Takaoka, Takahiro Kojima, Akira Joraku, Takahiro Suetomi, Jun Miyazaki, Hiroyuki Nishiyama
OBJECTIVE: We conducted the present study to elucidate the clinical presentation, treatment outcomes and risk factors for the development of metachronous brain metastasis at a single progressive disease site, the so-called isolated brain metastasis, in patients with testicular germ cell tumors. METHODS: To identify metachronous brain metastasis in a timely manner, brain imaging was performed when the re-elevation of tumor markers was observed during chemotherapy, even in patients who were free from central nervous system symptoms...
August 27, 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554756/pediatric-malignant-germ-cell-tumors-a-comparison-of-the-neuro-oncology-and-solid-tumor-experience
#12
REVIEW
Ashley S Plant, Susan N Chi, Lindsay Frazier
Malignant germ cell tumors (GCT) arise from abnormal migration of primordial germ cells and are histologically identical whether they occur inside or outside the central nervous system (CNS). However, the treatment strategy for GCTs varies greatly depending on the location of the tumor. These differences are in part due to the increased morbidity of surgery in the CNS but may also reflect differential sensitivity of the tumors to chemotherapy and radiation therapy (RT) or not-yet-understood biologic differences between these tumors...
December 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554477/nationwide-population-based-incidence-and-survival-rates-of-malignant-central-nervous-system-germ-cell-tumors-in-korea-2005-2012
#13
Seung Hoon Lee, Kyu-Won Jung, Johyun Ha, Chang-Mo Oh, Hyeseon Kim, Hyeon Jin Park, Heon Yoo, Young-Joo Won
PURPOSE: Malignant central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors (GCTs), although rare, are thought to occur more frequently among Asians. However, a recent population-based study revealed no differences in GCT incidence between Asians and Caucasians. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the incidence and survival rates of CNS GCTs using the national cancer incidence database, and to compare these rates to those in the United States and Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We extracted CNS GCT patients diagnosed between 2005 and 2012 from the Korea Central Cancer Registry database...
April 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517468/population-mixing-and-incidence-of-cancers-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-between-1990-and-2013-in-yorkshire-uk
#14
A Imam, L Fairley, R C Parslow, R G Feltbower
PURPOSE: Epidemiological evidence suggests a role for an infectious etiology for cancers in teenagers and young adults (TYAs). We investigated this by describing associations between infection transmission using the population mixing (PM) proxy and incidence of cancers in TYAs in Yorkshire, UK. METHODS: We extracted cancer cases from the Yorkshire Specialist Register of Cancer in Children and Young People from 1990 to 2013 (n = 1929). Using multivariable Poisson regression models (adjusting for effects of deprivation and population density), we investigated whether PM was associated with cancer incidence...
October 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476038/intracranial-germ-cell-tumors-a-multi-institutional-experience-from-three-tertiary-care-centers-in-india
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Aanchal Kakkar, Ahitgani Biswas, Nikhil Kalyani, Uttara Chatterjee, Vaishali Suri, Mehar C Sharma, Nishant Goyal, Bhawani S Sharma, Supriya Mallick, Pramod K Julka, Girish Chinnaswamy, Brijesh Arora, Epari Sridhar, Sandip Chatterjee, Rakesh Jalali, Chitra Sarkar
OBJECTIVE: Central nervous system germ cell tumors (CNS GCTs) are relatively rare neoplasms. Incidence of CNS GCTs in Western literature is low (0.3-0.6 %) as compared to East Asia (3-4 %). No large study is available on CNS GCTs from India. METHODS: Intracranial GCT cases were retrieved from databases of three tertiary care institutes in India; clinicopathological data was reviewed. RESULTS: Ninety-five intracranial GCT cases were identified, accounting for 0...
November 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406584/utility-of-mri-versus-tumor-markers-for-post-treatment-surveillance-of-marker-positive-cns-germ-cell-tumors
#16
Victoria Cheung, Devorah Segal, Sharon L Gardner, David Zagzag, Jeffrey H Wisoff, Jeffrey C Allen, Matthias A Karajannis
Patients with marker-positive central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors are typically monitored for tumor recurrence with both tumor markers (AFP and b-hCG) and MRI. We hypothesize that the recurrence of these tumors will always be accompanied by an elevation in tumor markers, and that surveillance MRI may not be necessary. We retrospectively identified 28 patients with CNS germ cell tumors treated at our institution that presented with an elevated serum or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tumor marker at the time of diagnosis...
September 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312077/psychiatric-manifestations-as-initial-presentation-for-pediatric-cns-germ-cell-tumors-a-case-series
#17
F Malbari, T R Gershon, J H Garvin, J C Allen, Y Khakoo, A S Levy, I J Dunkel
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors account for 3 % of all pediatric brain tumors in the USA. Presenting symptoms are typically location based with pineal tumors presenting with obstructive hydrocephalus and suprasellar tumors with hypothalamic/pituitary dysfunction and ophthalmologic abnormalities. Psychiatric manifestations such as psychosis and behavioral changes are atypical presentations of CNS germ cell tumors, with only 11 previously reported cases. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series describing patients with CNS germ cell tumors with an atypical presentation including psychiatric manifestations...
August 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239400/re-irradiation-of-recurrent-pineal-germ-cell-tumors-with-radiosurgery-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-literature
#18
REVIEW
Kenneth Wong, Anthony B Opimo, Arthur J Olch, Sean All, Jonathan F Waxer, Desirae Clark, Justine Cheng, Alisha Chlebik, Anat Erdreich-Epstein, Mark D Krieger, Benita Tamrazi, Girish Dhall, Jonathan L Finlay, Eric L Chang
Primary intracranial germ cell tumors are rare, representing less than 5% of all central nervous system tumors. Overall, the majority of germ cell tumors are germinomas and approximately one-third are non-germinomatous germ cell tumors (NGGCT), which include teratoma, embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor (endodermal sinus tumor), choriocarcinoma, or mixed malignant germ cell tumor. Germ cell tumors may secrete detectable levels of proteins into the blood and/or cerebrospinal fluid, and these proteins can be used for diagnostic purposes or to monitor tumor recurrence...
April 25, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169016/development-of-cns-type-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumor-in-metastatic-testicular-mixed-germ-cell-tumor
#19
Anobel Y Odisho, Joseph T Rabban, Maxwell V Meng
A 29-year-old man presenting with a retroperitoneal mass was found to have a testis lesion consistent with mixed germ cell tumor and the RPLND specimen showed teratoma with an area of central nervous system-type primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) not present in the testis. Whether such primitive tumor components represent a de novo tumor component or represent progression from existing neuroepithelial teratomatous elements is unclear. Given the high likelihood of residual tumor and possibility of malignant transformation, post-chemotherapy RPLND remains vital in treating patients with testis cancer...
May 2016: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123048/expression-and-mutation-of-c-kit-in-intracranial-germ-cell-tumors-a-single-centre-retrospective-study-of-30-cases-in-china
#20
Yu-Ping Gao, Ji-Yao Jiang, Qiang Liu
Although primary central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors (GCTs) are one of the most treatable types of malignant brain tumor, a subset of patients remain resistant to standard chemotherapy. Gain-of-function mutations of the c-Kit gene, and KIT protein expression, have been observed in a number of GCTs, including testicular seminoma, ovarian dysgerminoma and mediastinal seminoma in various ethnic groups. Although a small number of studies have reported the role of c-Kit in CNS GCTs, few have focused on Chinese patients exhibiting CNS GCTs...
May 2016: Oncology Letters
keyword
keyword
96052
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"