keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Weight training and elderly

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132940/bullseye-s-representation-of-cerebral-white-matter-hyperintensities
#1
Carole H Sudre, Beatriz Gomez Anson, Indran Davagnanamd, Anne Schmitt, Alex F Mendelson, Ferran Prados, Lorna Smith, David Atkinson, Alun David Hughes, Nish Chaturvedi, M Jorge Cardoso, Frederik Barkhof, Hans Rolf Jaeger, Sébastien Ourselin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Visual rating scales have limited capacities to depict the regional distribution of cerebral white matter hyperintensities (WMH). We present a regional-zonal volumetric analysis alongside a visualization tool to compare and deconstruct visual rating scales. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3D T1-weighted, T2-weighted spin-echo and FLAIR images were acquired on a 3T system, from 82 elderly participants in a population-based study. Images were automatically segmented for WMH...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104000/ensemble-based-on-static-classifier-selection-for-automated-diagnosis-of-mild-cognitive-impairment
#2
Loris Nanni, Alessandra Lumini, Nicolò Zaffonato
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of neurodegenerative dementia in the elderly population. Scientific research is very active in the challenge of designing automated approaches to achieve an early and certain diagnosis. Recently an international competition among AD predictors has been organized: "A Machine learning neuroimaging challenge for automated diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment" (MLNeCh). This competition is based on pre-processed sets of T1-weighted Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) to be classified in four categories: stable AD, individuals with MCI who converted to AD, individuals with MCI who did not convert to AD and healthy controls...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091150/maintenance-of-exercise-training-benefits-is-associated-with-adequate-milk-and-dairy-products-intake-in-elderly-hypertensive-subjects-following-detraining
#3
Wilson Max Almeida Monteiro de Moraes, Neucilane Silveira Dos Santos, Larissa Pereira Aguiar, Luís Gustavo Oliveira de Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether maintenance of exercise training benefits is associated with adequate milk and dairy products intake in hypertensive elderly subjects after detraining. METHODS: Twenty-eight elderly hypertensive patients with optimal clinical treatment underwent 16 weeks of multicomponent exercise training program followed by 6 weeks of detraining, and were classified according to milk and dairy products intake as low milk (<3 servings) and high milk (≥3 servings) groups...
July 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082055/quadriceps-tendon-rupture-in-an-adolescent-athlete
#4
William A Zuke, Beatrice Go, Alexander E Weber, Brian Forsythe
Quadriceps tendon rupture is an uncommon injury that usually occurs in middle-aged and elderly men with a history of chronic illnesses. We report the case of a 17-year-old healthy adolescent male baseball player who sustained this injury as a result of sudden deceleration in his left knee. He initially reported to the emergency department and then presented to our practice, where he was diagnosed with a quadriceps tendon tear. Preoperatively, he was unable to perform a single straight-leg raise. During surgical repair, the free edge of the quadriceps tendon was mobilized and anchored into the superior pole of the patella, followed by sutures to ensure reinforcement of the quadriceps footprint...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076984/prediction-model-of-in-hospital-mortality-after-hip-fracture-surgery
#5
Atsushi Endo, Heather J Baer, Masashi Nagao, Michael J Weaver
OBJECTIVES: Mortality in elderly patients after the surgical treatment of hip fractures remains high. While individual clinical risk factors have been widely studied, there has been limited research on prediction models in this population. The purpose of this study was to develop a prediction model for in-hospital mortality after hip fracture surgery and to evaluate the performance of this model. METHODS: Using the National Inpatient Sample database from 2012 to 2013, we collected data on 535,475 patients with age over 50 who had hip fracture surgery...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060263/simulation-of-oxygen-uptake-and-leg-joint-reaction-force-during-ergometer-exercise-under-altered-gravity
#6
Yoshihiko Tagawa, Naosuke Yamamoto, Masayuki Omoto, Hiroo Matsuse, Naoto Shiba
Ergometers are safe devices for patients and elderly individuals, as the exercise intensity can be controlled. Moreover, ergometer exercises, which remove the load from body weight on the leg joint, would better reflect training conditions in locations where the force of gravity is lower than that on Earth, such as the International Space Station or on the surface of Mars. The purpose of this study was not only to validate an ergometer exercise model for measuring oxygen uptake and knee joint reaction force by comparison with experimental results, but also to consider a strategy for electrically stimulating leg joint muscles to modulate them under altered gravity...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056536/predicting-risk-of-pelvic-floor-disorders-12-and-20-years-after-delivery
#7
J Eric Jelovsek, Kevin Chagin, Maria Gyhagen, Suzanne Hagen, Don Wilson, Michael W Kattan, Andrew Elders, Matthew D Barber, Björn Areskoug, Christine MacArthur, Ian Milsom
BACKGROUND: Little progress has been made in the prevention of pelvic floor disorders, despite their significant health and economic impact. The identification of women who are at risk remains a key element in targeting prevention and planning health resource allocation strategies. Although events around the time of childbirth are recognized clinically as important predictors, it is difficult to counsel women and to intervene around the time of childbirth because of an inability to convey a patient's risk accurately in the presence of multiple risk factors and the long time lapse, which is often decades, between obstetric events and the onset of pelvic floor disorders later in life...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053448/the-effects-of-coding-schemes-on-vibrotactile-biofeedback-for-dynamic-balance-training-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-healthy-elderly-individuals
#8
Beom-Chan Lee, Alberto Fung, Timothy A Thrasher
A coding scheme for earlier versions of vibrotactile biofeedback systems for balance-related applications was primarily binary in nature, either off or on at a given threshold (range of postural tilt), making it unable to convey information about error magnitude. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of two coding schemes (binary vs. continuous) for vibrotactile biofeedback during dynamic weight-shifting exercises that are common physical therapists' recommended balance exercises used in clinical settings...
October 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980220/feasibility-of-a-machine-vs-free-weight-strength-training-program-and-its-effects-on-physical-performance-in-nursing-home-residents-a-pilot-study
#9
Bettina Johnen, Nadja Schott
BACKGROUND: Resistance training holds promise for nursing home residents to prevent further disabilities, falls, and fractures. Free weight as well as machine training may offer an efficient option to improve physical performance, but the feasibility of these training regimes among elderly who require continuous institutional care is still open. AIMS: (1) To examine the feasibility of a 3-month machine vs. free weight strength training program in institutionalized older adults, and (2) to determine the effects on physical performance...
October 4, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976397/-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-the-elderly-patient
#10
Bahar Boydak
As it is the case globally, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) make up the most frequent cause of death in Turkey also. Due to this fact, cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has gained a highly important role in the treatment of coronary artery diseases. In Turkey, mortality and morbidity rates among the elderly patients are significantly high. Disability due to coronary artery diseases is more frequent in the elderly compared to young patients. So, it is clear that CR has a considerable importance in this special group of patients...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972370/plant-uptake-of-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-at-a-contaminated-fire-training-facility-to-evaluate-the-phytoremediation-potential-of-various-plant-species
#11
Laura Gobelius, Jeffrey Lewis, Lutz Ahrens
Fire training facilities and other areas suffer from serious per- and polyfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) contamination in soil, surface water, and groundwater due to regular practices with PFAS-containing aqueous firefighting foams (AFFFs). Therefore, the uptake of 26 PFASs in plants and the contamination of soil and groundwater has been investigated at a fire training site at Stockholm Arlanda airport, Stockholm (Sweden) in 2016. Elevated ∑26PFAS levels were detected in soil and groundwater ranging from 16 to 160 ng g(-1) dry weight (dw) and 1200-34 000 ng L(-1), respectively...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952131/dynamic-changes-in-p66shc-mrna-expression-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-following-resistance-training-intervention-in-old-frail-women-born-to-obese-mothers-a-pilot-study
#12
Alessandra Berry, Marco Bucci, Carla Raggi, Johan G Eriksson, Maria Angela Guzzardi, Pirjo Nuutila, Ville Huovinen, Patricia Iozzo, Francesca Cirulli
The p66Shc gerontogene may affect healthspan by promoting fat accumulation. We assessed changes of p66Shc-mRNA in peripheral tissues in relation to maternal obesity and the moderating effects of resistance-training (RT) exercise in elderly frail women. Thirty-seven women participated in a 4-month RT program. Twenty were offspring of lean/normal weight mothers and 17 were offspring of overweight/obese mothers (OOM). P66Shc was assessed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) before and after RT...
September 26, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860800/effectiveness-of-a-diabetes-mellitus-pictorial-diary-handbook-program-for-middle-aged-and-elderly-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-quasi-experimental-study-at-taladnoi-primary-care-unit-saraburi-thailand
#13
Rapat Eknithiset, Ratana Somrongthong
AIM: The research question is "How does a diabetes mellitus (DM) pictorial diary handbook (PDHB) affect the knowledge, practice, and HbA1c among patients with DM type 2?" The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a PDHB program among middle-aged and elderly patients with DM type 2 in primary care units in Thailand. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental study design was applied. DM type 2 patients were recruited in the PDHB program by a simple random sampling method...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729887/whole-body-vibration-training-improves-balance-control-and-sit-to-stand-performance-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Ming-Chen Ko, Long-Shan Wu, Sangwoo Lee, Chien-Chun Wang, Po-Fu Lee, Ching-Yu Tseng, Chien-Chang Ho
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with decreased balance, which increases falling risk. The objective of the current study was to determine the feasibility and effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on knee extensor muscle power, limits of stability, and sit-to-stand performance among community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults in the United States. METHODS: A randomized pilot study with participant blinding was conducted. Feasibility outcomes included recruitment and compliance rate...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676757/greater-cortical-thickness-in-elderly-female-yoga-practitioners-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Rui F Afonso, Joana B Balardin, Sara Lazar, João R Sato, Nadja Igarashi, Danilo F Santaella, Shirley S Lacerda, Edson Amaro, Elisa H Kozasa
Yoga, a mind-body activity that requires attentional engagement, has been associated with positive changes in brain structure and function, especially in areas related to awareness, attention, executive functions and memory. Normal aging, on the other hand, has also been associated with structural and functional brain changes, but these generally involve decreased cognitive functions. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare brain cortical thickness (CT) in elderly yoga practitioners and a group of age-matched healthy non-practitioners...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606408/-common-therapeutic-approaches-of-sarcopenia-in-the-elderly-and-uremic-myopathy
#16
Philippe Chauveau, Karine Moreau, Catherine Lasseur, Christian Combe, Michel Aparicio
The gradual loss of weight and function of muscle in patients with chronic kidney disease as in the elderly impacts the quality of life. Early management should help slow the functional limitation. Physical activity is the first therapy to propose that ensures stability of muscle mass and improved function. Resistance training programs have proven effective but are not yet widely available in nephrology units. The nutritional management should not be forgotten because there is a resistance to anabolism and protein intake should be involved in physical activity program...
June 9, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474873/circuit-strength-training-improves-muscle-strength-functional-performance-and-anthropometric-indicators-in-sedentary-elderly-women
#17
Mauro L Mazini Filho, Felipe J Aidar, Dihogo Gama de Matos, Osvaldo Costa Moreira, Cláudia E Patrocínio de Oliveira, Gabriela R de Oliveira Venturini, Victor Magalhães Curty, Henrique Menezes Touguinha, Maria E Caputo Ferreira
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effects of circuit strength training on the muscle strength, functional autonomy and anthropometric indicators of the elderly. METHODS: Were included 65 women divided in two groups: strength training (TG, n= 34) and control group (CG, n = 31). The strength-training group was subjected to a circuit shaped training program, three days per week, for a period of 12 weeks. In each training session, the circuit was repeated three times...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378263/improved-automatic-segmentation-of-white-matter-hyperintensities-in-mri-based-on-multilevel-lesion-features
#18
M Rincón, E Díaz-López, P Selnes, K Vegge, M Altmann, T Fladby, A Bjørnerud
Brain white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) are linked to increased risk of cerebrovascular and neurodegenerative diseases among the elderly. Consequently, detection and characterization of WMHs are of significant clinical importance. We propose a novel approach for WMH segmentation from multi-contrast MRI where both voxel-based and lesion-based information are used to improve overall performance in both volume-oriented and object-oriented metrics. Our segmentation method (AMOS-2D) consists of four stages following a "generate-and-test" approach: pre-processing, Gaussian white matter (WM) modelling, hierarchical multi-threshold WMH segmentation and object-based WMH filtering using support vector machines...
July 2017: Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325448/diagnosis-of-autism-through-eeg-processed-by-advanced-computational-algorithms-a-pilot-study
#19
Enzo Grossi, Chiara Olivieri, Massimo Buscema
BACKGROUND: Multi-Scale Ranked Organizing Map coupled with Implicit Function as Squashing Time algorithm(MS-ROM/I-FAST) is a new, complex system based on Artificial Neural networks (ANNs) able to extract features of interest in computerized EEG through the analysis of few minutes of their EEG without any preliminary pre-processing. A proof of concept study previously published showed accuracy values ranging from 94%-98% in discerning subjects with Mild Cognitive Impairment and/or Alzheimer's Disease from healthy elderly people...
April 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286988/exercise-and-nutritional-approaches-to-prevent-frail-bones-falls-and-fractures-an-update
#20
REVIEW
R M Daly
Osteoporosis (low bone strength) and sarcopenia (low muscle mass, strength and/or impaired function) often co-exist (hence the term 'sarco-osteoporosis') and have similar health consequences with regard to disability, falls, frailty and fractures. Exercise and adequate nutrition, particularly with regard to vitamin D, calcium and protein, are key lifestyle approaches that can simultaneously optimize bone, muscle and functional outcomes in older people, if they are individually tailored and appropriately prescribed in terms of the type and dose...
April 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
keyword
keyword
96050
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"