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Weight training and elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725246/dehydroepiandrosterone-supplementation-combined-with-weight-loading-whole-body-vibration-training-wwbv-affects-exercise-performance-and-muscle-glycogen-storage-in-middle-aged-c57bl-6-mice
#1
Yi-Ming Chen, Hao-Chieh Lee, Mu-Tsung Chen, Chi-Chang Huang, Wen-Chyuan Chen
Background : Adequate nutritional intake and an optimal training program are important elements of any strategy to preserve or increase muscle mass and strength during aging. Purpose : In the current study, we investigate the effects of Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), one of the most abundant circulating steroids in humans and a precursor hormone, supplementation combined with a weight-loading whole-body vibration (WWBV) on exercise performance, physical fatigue-related biochemical responses and testosterone content in middle-aged 9 months old C57BL/6 mice...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710754/structural-analysis-of-a-rehabilitative-training-system-based-on-a-ceiling-rail-for-safety-of-hemiplegia-patients
#2
Kyong Kim, Won Kyung Song, Woo Suk Chong, Chang Ho Yu
The body-weight support (BWS) function, which helps to decrease load stresses on a user, is an effective tool for gait and balance rehabilitation training for elderly people with weakened lower-extremity muscular strength, hemiplegic patients, etc. This study conducts structural analysis to secure user safety in order to develop a rail-type gait and balance rehabilitation training system (RRTS). The RRTS comprises a rail, trolley, and brain-machine interface. The rail (platform) is connected to the ceiling structure, bearing the loads of the RRTS and of the user and allowing locomobility...
April 17, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678777/a-10-year-review-of-sudden-death-during-sporting-activities
#3
Mark Dennis, Alexander Elder, Christopher Semsarian, John Orchard, Isabel Brouwer, Rajesh Puranik
BACKGROUND: Sudden death during sport is a rare but devastating event. Previous research has mostly focused on sudden deaths in young competitive athletes. OBJECTIVE: To characterise the demographics and aetiology of sudden cardiac death (SCD) during sport in Australia. METHODS: All autopsies conducted at our forensic medicine facility between the years 2006-2015 (inclusive) were reviewed. Sporting related deaths amongst those 7-65 years of age were identified...
April 17, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652043/-the-hardware-techniques-for-the-restoration-of-the-gait-stereotype-in-the-patients-following-total-hip-replacement-the-personalized-approach
#4
E S Koneva, K V Lyadov, T V Shapovalenko, E V Zhukova, V G Polushkin
BACKGROUND: total hip replacement has long ago become the «golden standard» for the treatment of dysplastic coxarthrosis in thousands of the patients receiving it every year. In the meantime, the analysis of the specialized literature gives evidence of the lack of a systematic and personified approach to the rehabilitation treatment. AIM: The objective of the present study was to improve medical rehabilitation of the patients following the total hip replacement and to develop the personalized programs for walking modality reconstruction taking into consideration the age and the body weight of the patients...
April 9, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650034/complex-fracture-orthopedic-rehabilitation-comfort-real-time-visual-biofeedback-on-weight-bearing-versus-standard-training-methods-in-the-treatment-of-proximal-femur-fractures-in-the-elderly-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Marco Raaben, Syaiful Redzwan, Robin Augustine, Taco Johan Blokhuis
BACKGROUND: Proximal femur fractures are a common injury after low energy trauma in the elderly. Most rehabilitation programs are based on restoring mobility and early resumption of weight-bearing. However, therapy compliance is low in patients following lower extremity fractures. Moreover, little is known about the relevance of gait parameters and how to steer the rehabilitation after proximal femur fractures in the elderly. Therefore, the aim of this prospective, randomized controlled trial is to gain insight in gait parameters and evaluate if real-time visual biofeedback can improve therapy compliance after proximal femur fractures in the elderly...
April 12, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614658/separating-symptomatic-alzheimer-s-disease-from-depression-based-on-structural-mri
#6
Stefan Klöppel, Maria Kotschi, Jessica Peter, Karl Egger, Lucrezia Hausner, Lutz Frölich, Alex Förster, Bernhard Heimbach, Claus Normann, Werner Vach, Horst Urbach, Ahmed Abdulkadir
Older patients with depression or Alzheimer's disease (AD) at the stage of early dementia or mild cognitive impairment may present with objective cognitive impairment, although the pathology and thus therapy and prognosis differ substantially. In this study, we assessed the potential of an automated algorithm to categorize a test set of 65 T1-weighted structural magnetic resonance images (MRI). A convenience sample of elderly individuals fulfilling clinical criteria of either AD (n = 28) or moderate and severe depression (n = 37) was recruited from different settings to assess the potential of the pattern recognition method to assist in the differential diagnosis of AD versus depression...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590725/nutritional-issues-and-nutrition-support-in-older-home-care-patients-in-the-city-of-zagreb
#7
Darija Vranešić Bender, Marta Kovačević, Miro Hanževački, Božena Vrabec, Vanesa Benković, Viktor Domislović, Željko Krznarić
Population aging is a global demographic trend showing continuous growth and among its consequences is a rise in malnutrition that is characteristic for the elderly. The objective of this study was to evaluate nutritional status of elderly home care patients immediately after hospital discharge and to determine factors that affect nutritional status using questionnaires based on validated tools (NRS-2002, DETERMINE checklist) and basic medical history data. The study involved 76 elderly individuals (51.3% of them older than 70) living in the City of Zagreb...
December 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522820/interventional-programmes-to-improve-cognition-during-healthy-and-pathological-ageing-cortical-modulations-and-evidence-for-brain-plasticity
#8
REVIEW
Jesús Cespón, Carlo Miniussi, Maria Concetta Pellicciari
A growing body of evidence suggests that healthy elderly individuals and patients with Alzheimer's disease retain an important potential for neuroplasticity. This review summarizes studies investigating the modulation of neural activity and structural brain integrity in response to interventions involving cognitive training, physical exercise and non-invasive brain stimulation in healthy elderly and cognitively impaired subjects (including patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease)...
March 6, 2018: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492082/association-between-body-mass-index-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-homecare-patients
#9
Guzin Zeren Ozturk, Memet Taskın Egici, Mulazim Hussain Bukhari, Dilek Toprak
Objective: Overweight or obesity may cause many chronic illnesses. Furthermore, several studies have shown that high body mass index is associated with mortality and morbidity among the elderly. Therefore, obesity or being overweight could adversely affect the performance of activities of daily living. In this study our aim was to investigate the association between Body Mass Index and Activity of Daily Living in Homecare Patients. Method: The records of 2016 from the homecare unit of Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429853/evaluating-photographs-as-a-replacement-for-the-in-person-physical-examination-of-the-scored-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-in-elderly-hospital-patients
#10
Michelle Miller, Jolene Thomas, Jenni Suen, De Sheng Ong, Yogesh Sharma
BACKGROUND: Undernourished patients discharged from the hospital require follow-up; however, attendance at return visits is low. Teleconsultations may allow remote follow-up of undernourished patients; however, no valid method to remotely perform physical examination, a critical component of assessing nutritional status, exists. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare agreement between photographs taken by trained dietitians and in-person physical examinations conducted by trained dietitians to rate the overall physical examination section of the scored Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA)...
May 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413802/real-time-visual-biofeedback-to-improve-therapy-compliance-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Marco Raaben, H Charles Vogely, Taco J Blokhuis
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown limited therapy compliance in weight-bearing in patients following total hip arthroplasty. RESEARCH QUESTION: The purpose of this pilot RCT is to determine the immediate and late effect of real-time, visual biofeedback on weight-bearing during rehabilitation after THA in elderly. METHODS: 24 participants who underwent THA were randomized to either the control or the intervention group. The intervention group received real-time, visual biofeedback on weight-bearing during training with the physical therapist during hospitalization and at twelve weeks follow up...
March 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358716/impact-of-a-motivational-resistance-training-programme-on-adherence-and-body-composition-in-the-elderly
#12
Pablo Jorge Marcos-Pardo, Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez, Alexander Gil-Arias
Lack of physical activity is one of the major causes for obesity and functional disability in the elderly. Including regular exercise in the elderly's lifestyle is not an easy task. The main objective was to analyse the effect of a motivational resistance-training programme on satisfying the individual's psychological needs, level of self-determination and body composition. A quasi-experimental study was performed with 47 volunteers (29 females, 18 males) of 67-75 years of age, divided into two groups: experimental (n = 27) and control (n = 20)...
January 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336621/beta-alanine-does-not-enhance-the-effects-of-resistance-training-in-older-adults
#13
Christopher H Bailey, Joseph F Signorile, Arlette C Perry, Kevin A Jacobs, Nicholas D Myers
To investigate the potential of beta-alanine to increase muscular endurance of elder individuals in specific resistance-training protocols, we randomly assigned 27 participants (60-82 years of age) to a 12-week double-blind intervention using 3.2 g/day beta-alanine or placebo with or without resistance training to determine the effects on anthropometrics, muscular performance, and activities of daily living (ADL). The endurance-based resistance-training program (ERT) was given three times per week and included two sets of 15-25 repetitions on 11 computerized pneumatic machines (alternating upper and lower body) at an intensity of 50% of maximum lifting weight (1RM)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302547/can-mid-upper-arm-circumference-and-calf-circumference-be-the-proxy-measures-to-detect-undernutrition-among-elderly-findings-of-a-community-based-survey-in-rural-puducherry-india
#14
Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, R Jayalakshmy, Arjumand Yousuf, Arvind Kumar Singh, Gomathi Ramaswamy, C Palanivel
Introduction: Major proportion of the elderly with under nutrition is undetected in the community. One of the feasible ways to detect under nutrition among elderly would be screening in the field settings. in this study, we aimed to identify the utility of alternate anthropometric measures such as mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), calf circumference, and skin fold thickness in identifying under nutrition among elderly. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was done among elderly in one of the randomly selected subcenters...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290017/weight-bearing-exercise-can-elicit-similar-peak-muscle-activation-as-medium-high-intensity-resistance-exercise-in-elderly-women
#15
Remco J Baggen, Evelien Van Roie, Jaap H van Dieën, Sabine M Verschueren, Christophe Delecluse
PURPOSE: To assess whether stepping-based weight bearing exercise (WBE) can elicit peak activation of upper leg muscles similar to resistance exercise (RE) at an intensity required to induce strength gains in elderly women. METHODS: Muscular activation of several upper leg muscles was measured during RE and WBE in a cohort of 19 healthy elderly women (69.3 ± 3.4 years). WBE consisted of forward and lateral stepping with step heights of 10, 20 and 30 cm. Muscular activation was compared to 60% of one-repetition maximum (1-RM) of congruent RE...
March 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247985/slow-movement-resistance-training-using-body-weight-improves-muscle-mass-in-the-elderly-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
S Tsuzuku, T Kajioka, H Sakakibara, K Shimaoka
To examine the effect of a 12-week slow movement resistance training using body weight as a load (SRT-BW) on muscle mass, strength, and fat distribution in healthy elderly people. Fifty-three men and 35 women aged 70 years old or older without experience in resistance training participated, and they were randomly assigned to a SRT-BW group or control group. The control group did not receive any intervention, but participants in this group underwent a repeat measurement 12 weeks later. The SRT-BW program consisted of 3 different exercises (squat, tabletop push-up, and sit-up), which were designed to stimulate anterior major muscles...
April 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242123/ensemble-of-random-forests-one-vs-rest-classifiers-for-mci-and-ad-prediction-using-anova-cortical-and-subcortical-feature-selection-and-partial-least-squares
#17
J Ramírez, J M Górriz, A Ortiz, F J Martínez-Murcia, F Segovia, D Salas-Gonzalez, D Castillo-Barnes, I A Illán, C G Puntonet
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly and affects approximately 30 million individuals worldwide. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is very frequently a prodromal phase of AD, and existing studies have suggested that people with MCI tend to progress to AD at a rate of about 10-15% per year. However, the ability of clinicians and machine learning systems to predict AD based on MRI biomarkers at an early stage is still a challenging problem that can have a great impact in improving treatments...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132940/bullseye-s-representation-of-cerebral-white-matter-hyperintensities
#18
C H Sudre, B Gomez Anson, I Davagnanam, A Schmitt, A F Mendelson, F Prados, L Smith, D Atkinson, A D Hughes, N Chaturvedi, M J Cardoso, F Barkhof, H R Jaeger, S Ourselin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Visual rating scales have limited capacities to depict the regional distribution of cerebral white matter hyperintensities (WMH). We present a regional-zonal volumetric analysis alongside a visualization tool to compare and deconstruct visual rating scales. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3D T1-weighted, T2-weighted spin-echo and FLAIR images were acquired on a 3T system, from 82 elderly participants in a population-based study. Images were automatically segmented for WMH...
March 2018: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104000/ensemble-based-on-static-classifier-selection-for-automated-diagnosis-of-mild-cognitive-impairment
#19
Loris Nanni, Alessandra Lumini, Nicolò Zaffonato
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of neurodegenerative dementia in the elderly population. Scientific research is very active in the challenge of designing automated approaches to achieve an early and certain diagnosis. Recently an international competition among AD predictors has been organized: "A Machine learning neuroimaging challenge for automated diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment" (MLNeCh). This competition is based on pre-processed sets of T1-weighted Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) to be classified in four categories: stable AD, individuals with MCI who converted to AD, individuals with MCI who did not convert to AD and healthy controls...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091150/maintenance-of-exercise-training-benefits-is-associated-with-adequate-milk-and-dairy-products-intake-in-elderly-hypertensive-subjects-following-detraining
#20
Wilson Max Almeida Monteiro de Moraes, Neucilane Silveira Dos Santos, Larissa Pereira Aguiar, Luís Gustavo Oliveira de Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether maintenance of exercise training benefits is associated with adequate milk and dairy products intake in hypertensive elderly subjects after detraining. METHODS: Twenty-eight elderly hypertensive patients with optimal clinical treatment underwent 16 weeks of multicomponent exercise training program followed by 6 weeks of detraining, and were classified according to milk and dairy products intake as low milk (<3 servings) and high milk (≥3 servings) groups...
July 2017: Einstein
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