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Weight training and elderly

Olubode A Olufajo, Gally Reznor, Stuart R Lipsitz, Zara R Cooper, Adil H Haider, Ali Salim, Erika L Rangel
BACKGROUND: The risk of mortality after emergency general surgery (EGS) in elderly patients is prolonged beyond initial hospitalization. Our objective was to develop a preoperative scoring tool to quantify risk of 1-year mortality. METHODS: Three hundred ninety EGS patients aged 70 years or more were analyzed. Risk factors for 1-year mortality were identified using stepwise-forward logistic multivariate regression and weights assigned using natural logarithm of odds ratios...
September 3, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Agnieszka Cieślak, Sławomir Motylewski, Joanna Pielużek, Katarzyna Michalak, Elżbieta Poziomska-Piątkowska
AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the effects of regular hydrokinezytherapy on the prevention of obesity in elderly women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out among the Third Age University students, participating in hydrokinezytherapy classes. The group consisted of 31 women aged 63-70 years. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated. The values obtained were compared with the average for the population using the assessment criteria for adults according to Ostrowska-Nawarycz...
July 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Angela K Beckert, Megan Huisingh-Scheetz, Katherine Thompson, Amy D Celauro, Jordan Williams, Paul Pachwicewicz, Mark K Ferguson
BACKGROUND: The presence of frailty or prefrailty in older adults is a risk factor for postsurgical complications. The frailty phenotype can be improved through long-term resistance and aerobic training. It is unknown whether short-term preoperative interventions targeting frailty will help to mitigate surgical risk. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of frail and prefrail patients presenting to a thoracic surgical clinic who could benefit from a frailty reduction intervention...
October 4, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Ousseynou Kâ, Awa Gaye, Mamadou Makhtar Mbacké Leye, Ndeye Fatou Ngom, Anta Tal Dia, Saïd Nourou Diop, Ahmédou Moustapha Sow
Senegal will not be spared by the process of the aging of its population. In fact, according to surveys, the demographic increase in the population of the old people, which is 3.5% higher than the national average (2.5%). But for the time being, gerontology problems are not arising in terms of demographic weight, but rather in terms of the breaking up of solidarity networks, uncontrolled urbanization and poverty. As far as health is concerned, the old people generally are faced with the same problems as their Northern counterparts; they are exposed to chronic diseases that demand their taking in charge in a long period of time...
September 29, 2016: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
Julia Wojzischke, Rebecca Diekmann, Jürgen M Bauer
In later life a high body mass index (BMI) is associated with the lowest age-related mortality rate. The BMI range used by the World Health Organization (WHO) to classify overweight, a BMI of 25-30 kg/m(2), can be regarded as normal weight in old age; nevertheless, obesity is associated with an increased risk of disability and of a deterioration in physical functionality, particularly among older age groups. This relationship to obesity has also been established for frailty. For this reason, a reduction in weight may be appropriate under functional aspects if BMI values exceed 30 kg/m(2); however, such a decision cannot be made on the basis of an individual BMI alone...
October 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Romeu Paulo Martins Silva, Rodrigo Otávio Dos Santos, Nelson Eurípedes Matildes, Antônio Vicente Mundim, Mario da Silva Garrote-Filho, Pâmella Ferreira Rodrigues, Nilson Penha-Silva
Objective: This study investigated the possible blood changes in wistar rats elderly with and without treatment with anabolic steroids submitted physical training. Materials and methods: Elderly rats (32) were divided into four groups: normal (N), treated normal (NT), diabetic (D) and treated diabetic (DT). They were submitted to 20 sessions of swimming with overload (5% body weight), 40 min/day for four weeks. The NT and DT groups received application of testosterone twice a week...
September 5, 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Giuseppe Battaglia, Marianna Bellafiore, Marianna Alesi, Antonio Paoli, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Palma
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown the positive effects of adapted physical activity (APA) on physical and mental health (MH) during the lifetime. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a specific APA intervention program in the improvement of the health-related quality of life (QOL) and functional condition of spine in elderly women. METHODS: Thirty women were recruited from a senior center and randomly assigned to two groups: control group (CG; age: 69...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Ludovica Griffanti, Giovanna Zamboni, Aamira Khan, Linxin Li, Guendalina Bonifacio, Vaanathi Sundaresan, Ursula G Schulz, Wilhelm Kuker, Marco Battaglini, Peter M Rothwell, Mark Jenkinson
Reliable quantification of white matter hyperintensities of presumed vascular origin (WMHs) is increasingly needed, given the presence of these MRI findings in patients with several neurological and vascular disorders, as well as in elderly healthy subjects. We present BIANCA (Brain Intensity AbNormality Classification Algorithm), a fully automated, supervised method for WMH detection, based on the k-nearest neighbour (k-NN) algorithm. Relative to previous k-NN based segmentation methods, BIANCA offers different options for weighting the spatial information, local spatial intensity averaging, and different options for the choice of the number and location of the training points...
November 1, 2016: NeuroImage
Anoop Balachandran, Maria M Martins, Frederico G De Faveri, Ozgur Alan, Funda Cetinkaya, Joseph F Signorile
BACKGROUND: The majority of the strength training studies in older adults have incorporated fixed-form exercises using seated resistance training machines. In light of the modest improvements in physical function shown in these studies, functional or task-specific exercises, involving movement patterns that mimic daily activities, have been studied. Free-form exercises, using free-weights or cable, is another form of functional strength training. Currently, no intervention studies exist comparing free-form exercises, using cable machines, and fixed-form exercises, using seated machines in older adults...
September 2016: Experimental Gerontology
André de Camargo Smolarek, Luis Henrique Boiko Ferreira, Luis Paulo Gomes Mascarenhas, Steven R McAnulty, Karla Daniele Varela, Mônica C Dangui, Marcelo Paes de Barros, Alan C Utter, Tácito P Souza-Junior
Aging is a degenerative process marked by recognized functional, physiological, and metabolic impairments, such as dynapenia and diminished cognitive capacity. Therefore, the search for innovative strategies to prevent/delay these physiological and cognitive disorders is essential to guarantee the independence and life quality of an elderly population. The aim of this work is to verify the effect of a 12-week resistance exercise program on the general physical aptitude and cognitive capacities of elderly and sedentary women...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Helge Servatius, Thormen Höfeler, Boris A Hoffmann, Arian Sultan, Jakob Lüker, Benjamin Schäffer, Stephan Willems, Daniel Steven
AIMS: Propofol sedation has been shown to be safe for atrial fibrillation ablation and internal cardioverter-defibrillator implantation but its use for catheter ablation (CA) of ventricular tachycardia (VT) has yet to be evaluated. Here, we tested the hypothesis that VT ablation can be performed using propofol sedation administered by trained nurses under a cardiologist's supervision. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data of 205 procedures (157 patients, 1.3 procedures/patient) undergoing CA for sustained VT under propofol sedation were analysed...
August 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
S Kalaiselvi, Yousuf Arjumand, R Jayalakshmy, Ramaswamy Gomathi, Thekkur Pruthu, C Palanivel
BACKGROUND: Under-nutrition among elderly goes undetected, despite their nature of vulnerability to it. Majority of the available literature assessed under nutrition in the facility based settings. We aimed to determine the prevalence of under-nutrition and its associated factors among elderly, in a rural setting. METHODS: A community based cross sectional survey was conducted among elderly in one of the randomly selected sub centre catchment area in rural Puducherry, south India...
July 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Manousos A Klados, Charis Styliadis, Christos A Frantzidis, Evangelos Paraskevopoulos, Panagiotis D Bamidis
Physical and cognitive idleness constitute significant risk factors for the clinical manifestation of age-related neurodegenerative diseases. In contrast, a physically and cognitively active lifestyle may restructure age-declined neuronal networks enhancing neuroplasticity. The present study, investigated the changes of brain's functional network in a group of elderly individuals at risk for dementia that were induced by a combined cognitive and physical intervention scheme. Fifty seniors meeting Petersen's criteria of Mild Cognitive Impairment were equally divided into an experimental (LLM), and an active control (AC) group...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Yue Gao, Chong-Yaw Wee, Minjeong Kim, Panteleimon Giannakopoulos, Marie-Louise Montandon, Sven Haller, Dinggang Shen
The identification of subtle brain changes that are associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), the at-risk stage of Alzheimer's disease, is still a challenging task. Different from existing works, which employ multimodal data (e.g., MRI, PET or CSF) to identify MCI subjects from normal elderly controls, we use four MRI sequences, including T1-weighted MRI (T1), Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI), Resting-State functional MRI (RS-fMRI) and Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL) perfusion imaging. Since these MRI sequences simultaneously capture various aspects of brain structure and function during clinical routine scan, it simplifies finding the relationship between subjects by incorporating the mutual information among them...
October 2015: Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention: MICCAI ..
R Armamento-Villareal, L E Aguirre, C Qualls, D T Villareal
OBJECTIVE: Obesity-associated hypogonadism is hypothesized to be due to the suppressive effect of high estradiol (from an increase in aromatase activity present in the abundant adipose tissue) on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal unit resulting in low testosterone production. Although weight loss has been found to be effective in reducing estradiol and raising testosterone levels in studies of younger men, its effect in frail, obese older men is understudied. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of lifestyle intervention on hormone levels in frail, obese older men...
March 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Madeleine Frank, Aravinth Sivagnanaratnam, Jo Bernstein
Malnutrition affects over three million people in the UK with associated health costs exceeding £13 billion annually.[1] In hospital, malnutrition has been shown to increase complication rates, morbidity, mortality, hospital readmissions, and length of hospital stay.[2] To screen for malnutrition, a reliable and validated screening tool such as the malnutrition universal screening tool (MUST) should be used.[3] We believe that improved patient outcomes and significant savings to the trust can be achieved, not only by ensuring that every patient has a MUST score documented, but that it is calculated correctly and the appropriate interventions are implemented...
2015: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Shuhei Yamamoto, Kazuki Hotta, Erika Ota, Rintaro Mori, Atsuhiko Matsunaga
BACKGROUND: Resistance training (RT) is a core component of cardiac rehabilitation. We investigated the effects of RT on exercise capacity, muscle strength, and mobility in middle-aged and elderly patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: We searched for randomized controlled trials of RT versus usual care, or combined RT and aerobic training (AT) versus AT alone, and identified 440 trials in total from inception to January 2014. Participants who had myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, angina pectoris or CAD were included in the analysis...
August 2016: Journal of Cardiology
Hsiao-Ching Lan, Chih-Ping Li, Hao-Wei Zheng
The purpose of this study was to construct the quality indicators of professional competence for exercise instructors of the elderly, and then to rank the importance among those indicators. This study used the Delphi technique to integrate the opinions of 11 experts to construct the indicators, and then adopts the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to calculate the relative rank among each individual indicator. Results revealed that the experts identified 3 first-degree indicators (professional attitude, professional skills, and professional knowledge), 10 second-degree indicators (teaching attitude, exercise knowledge, professional growth, exercise safety, personal characteristics, exercise instructor, gerontology knowledge, communicative competence, curriculum design, and motor skill), and 72 third-degree indicators...
2015: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Sameer Naranje, Nosezol Sezo, Vivek Trikha, Ramprasad Kancherla, Laxman Rijal, Ramkinkar Jha
Simultaneous bilateral femoral neck stress fracture in healthy young adult is one of the very rare clinical entities that an orthopedic surgeon may encounter once in lifetime. Bilateral femoral neck stress fractures have been very well documented in elderly and osteomalacia patients; however, its simultaneous occurrence in a healthy adult is challenging to diagnose and manage. This article describes a 34-year-old man a military personnel who sustained bilateral stress femoral neck fractures, during a routine training activity...
November 2012: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Kwon-Young Kang
[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of core muscle stability training on the weight distribution and stability of the elderly. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty elderly persons were randomly divided into an experimental group which performed core strengthening exercises, and a control group which performed standard strengthening exercises for 8 weeks. A Tetrax Interactive Balance System was used to evaluate the weight distribution index (WDI) and the stability index (SI). [Results] The experimental group showed a significant improvement in terms of WDI and the SI...
October 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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