keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Weight training and elderly

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825536/are-falls-prevention-programs-effective-at-reducing-the-risk-factors-for-falls-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-peripheral-neuropathy-a-systematic-review-with-narrative-synthesis
#1
REVIEW
Yu Gu, Sarah M Dennis
BACKGROUND: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a common complication of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) that predisposes the elderly to a higher falls risk. Falls prevention programs with a component of weight-bearing exercises are effective in decreasing future falls in the elderly. However, weight-bearing exercise was only recently recommended in guidelines for exercise for people with T2DM and DPN. Since then, there have been an increasing number of studies to evaluate the effectiveness of falls prevention programs on this targeted population...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806005/effect-of-1-rm-80-rm-and-50-rm-strength-exercise-in-trained-individuals-on-variations-in-plasma-redox-biomarkers
#2
Tatiana G Polotow, Tácito P Souza-Junior, Ricardo C Sampaio, Alexandre R Okuyama, Douglas Ganini, Cristina V Vardaris, Ragami C Alves, Steven R McAnulty, Marcelo P Barros
For decades, scientists have examined the participation of oxygen/nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) in anaerobic-like exercises, especially weight lifting and resistance exercises. The balance between the production of oxyradicals and antioxidant responses during anaerobic-like exercises is essential to assure adaptation to the physiological benefits of strength training and to prevent chronic harmful effects. The aim of this study is to examine the hypothesis that different weight loads (1-RM, 80%RM, and 50%RM) lifted until exhaustion could impose distinct oxidative insults and elicit diverse antioxidant responses in plasma of young trained subjects...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804270/does-body-mass-index-modify-memory-reasoning-and-speed-of-processing-training-effects-in-older-adults
#3
Daniel O Clark, Huiping Xu, Christopher M Callahan, Frederick W Unverzagt
OBJECTIVE: To describe 10-year trajectories of cognitive performance by body mass index (BMI) class and to investigate BMI differences in response to memory, reasoning, and speed of processing training in older adults. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the multisite, randomized trial Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly. There were 701 older adults with normal weight, 1,081 with overweight, and 902 with obesity (mean age 73.6) randomized to memory training, reasoning training, speed of processing training, or no-training control group...
November 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799234/low-body-mass-index-serum-creatinine-and-cause-of-death-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#4
Kashish Goel, Rajiv Gulati, Guy S Reeder, Ryan J Lennon, Bradley R Lewis, Atta Behfar, Gurpreet S Sandhu, Charanjit S Rihal, Mandeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Low body mass index (BMI) and serum creatinine are surrogate markers of frailty and sarcopenia. Their relationship with cause-specific mortality in elderly patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention is not well studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: We determined long-term cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortality in 9394 consecutive patients aged ≥65 years who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention from 2000 to 2011. BMI and serum creatinine were divided into 4 categories...
October 31, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743591/preoperative-assessment-of-surgical-risk-creation-of-a-scoring-tool-to-estimate-1-year-mortality-after-emergency-abdominal-surgery-in-the-elderly-patient
#5
Olubode A Olufajo, Gally Reznor, Stuart R Lipsitz, Zara R Cooper, Adil H Haider, Ali Salim, Erika L Rangel
BACKGROUND: The risk of mortality after emergency general surgery (EGS) in elderly patients is prolonged beyond initial hospitalization. Our objective was to develop a preoperative scoring tool to quantify risk of 1-year mortality. METHODS: Three hundred ninety EGS patients aged 70 years or more were analyzed. Risk factors for 1-year mortality were identified using stepwise-forward logistic multivariate regression and weights assigned using natural logarithm of odds ratios...
September 3, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734815/-effects-of-hydrokinezytherapy-of-obesity-in-elder-women
#6
Agnieszka Cieślak, Sławomir Motylewski, Joanna Pielużek, Katarzyna Michalak, Elżbieta Poziomska-Piątkowska
AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the effects of regular hydrokinezytherapy on the prevention of obesity in elderly women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out among the Third Age University students, participating in hydrokinezytherapy classes. The group consisted of 31 women aged 63-70 years. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated. The values obtained were compared with the average for the population using the assessment criteria for adults according to Ostrowska-Nawarycz...
July 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720368/screening-for-frailty-in-thoracic-surgical-patients
#7
Angela K Beckert, Megan Huisingh-Scheetz, Katherine Thompson, Amy D Celauro, Jordan Williams, Paul Pachwicewicz, Mark K Ferguson
BACKGROUND: The presence of frailty or prefrailty in older adults is a risk factor for postsurgical complications. The frailty phenotype can be improved through long-term resistance and aerobic training. It is unknown whether short-term preoperative interventions targeting frailty will help to mitigate surgical risk. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of frail and prefrail patients presenting to a thoracic surgical clinic who could benefit from a frailty reduction intervention...
October 4, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694064/elderly-and-preventive-care-of-the-geriatric-pathologies-in-african-environment
#8
Ousseynou Kâ, Awa Gaye, Mamadou Makhtar Mbacké Leye, Ndeye Fatou Ngom, Anta Tal Dia, Saïd Nourou Diop, Ahmédou Moustapha Sow
Senegal will not be spared by the process of the aging of its population. In fact, according to surveys, the demographic increase in the population of the old people, which is 3.5% higher than the national average (2.5%). But for the time being, gerontology problems are not arising in terms of demographic weight, but rather in terms of the breaking up of solidarity networks, uncontrolled urbanization and poverty. As far as health is concerned, the old people generally are faced with the same problems as their Northern counterparts; they are exposed to chronic diseases that demand their taking in charge in a long period of time...
September 29, 2016: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637579/-obesity-in-old-age-and-its-importance-for-functionality-and-frailty
#9
Julia Wojzischke, Rebecca Diekmann, Jürgen M Bauer
In later life a high body mass index (BMI) is associated with the lowest age-related mortality rate. The BMI range used by the World Health Organization (WHO) to classify overweight, a BMI of 25-30 kg/m(2), can be regarded as normal weight in old age; nevertheless, obesity is associated with an increased risk of disability and of a deterioration in physical functionality, particularly among older age groups. This relationship to obesity has also been established for frailty. For this reason, a reduction in weight may be appropriate under functional aspects if BMI values exceed 30 kg/m(2); however, such a decision cannot be made on the basis of an individual BMI alone...
October 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598977/influence-of-the-use-of-testosterone-associated-with-physical-training-on-some-hematologic-and-physical-parameters-in-older-rats-with-alloxan-induced-diabetes
#10
Romeu Paulo Martins Silva, Rodrigo Otávio Dos Santos, Nelson Eurípedes Matildes, Antônio Vicente Mundim, Mario da Silva Garrote-Filho, Pâmella Ferreira Rodrigues, Nilson Penha-Silva
Objective: This study investigated the possible blood changes in wistar rats elderly with and without treatment with anabolic steroids submitted physical training. Materials and methods: Elderly rats (32) were divided into four groups: normal (N), treated normal (NT), diabetic (D) and treated diabetic (DT). They were submitted to 20 sessions of swimming with overload (5% body weight), 40 min/day for four weeks. The NT and DT groups received application of testosterone twice a week...
September 5, 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536081/effects-of-an-adapted-physical-activity-program-on-psychophysical-health-in-elderly-women
#11
Giuseppe Battaglia, Marianna Bellafiore, Marianna Alesi, Antonio Paoli, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Palma
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown the positive effects of adapted physical activity (APA) on physical and mental health (MH) during the lifetime. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a specific APA intervention program in the improvement of the health-related quality of life (QOL) and functional condition of spine in elderly women. METHODS: Thirty women were recruited from a senior center and randomly assigned to two groups: control group (CG; age: 69...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402600/bianca-brain-intensity-abnormality-classification-algorithm-a-new-tool-for-automated-segmentation-of-white-matter-hyperintensities
#12
Ludovica Griffanti, Giovanna Zamboni, Aamira Khan, Linxin Li, Guendalina Bonifacio, Vaanathi Sundaresan, Ursula G Schulz, Wilhelm Kuker, Marco Battaglini, Peter M Rothwell, Mark Jenkinson
Reliable quantification of white matter hyperintensities of presumed vascular origin (WMHs) is increasingly needed, given the presence of these MRI findings in patients with several neurological and vascular disorders, as well as in elderly healthy subjects. We present BIANCA (Brain Intensity AbNormality Classification Algorithm), a fully automated, supervised method for WMH detection, based on the k-nearest neighbour (k-NN) algorithm. Relative to previous k-NN based segmentation methods, BIANCA offers different options for weighting the spatial information, local spatial intensity averaging, and different options for the choice of the number and location of the training points...
November 1, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354031/functional-strength-training-seated-machine-vs-standing-cable-training-to-improve-physical-function-in-elderly
#13
Anoop Balachandran, Maria M Martins, Frederico G De Faveri, Ozgur Alan, Funda Cetinkaya, Joseph F Signorile
BACKGROUND: The majority of the strength training studies in older adults have incorporated fixed-form exercises using seated resistance training machines. In light of the modest improvements in physical function shown in these studies, functional or task-specific exercises, involving movement patterns that mimic daily activities, have been studied. Free-form exercises, using free-weights or cable, is another form of functional strength training. Currently, no intervention studies exist comparing free-form exercises, using cable machines, and fixed-form exercises, using seated machines in older adults...
September 2016: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330282/the-effects-of-strength-training-on-cognitive-performance-in-elderly-women
#14
André de Camargo Smolarek, Luis Henrique Boiko Ferreira, Luis Paulo Gomes Mascarenhas, Steven R McAnulty, Karla Daniele Varela, Mônica C Dangui, Marcelo Paes de Barros, Alan C Utter, Tácito P Souza-Junior
Aging is a degenerative process marked by recognized functional, physiological, and metabolic impairments, such as dynapenia and diminished cognitive capacity. Therefore, the search for innovative strategies to prevent/delay these physiological and cognitive disorders is essential to guarantee the independence and life quality of an elderly population. The aim of this work is to verify the effect of a 12-week resistance exercise program on the general physical aptitude and cognitive capacities of elderly and sedentary women...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247017/propofol-sedation-administered-by-cardiologists-for-patients-undergoing-catheter-ablation-for-ventricular-tachycardia
#15
Helge Servatius, Thormen Höfeler, Boris A Hoffmann, Arian Sultan, Jakob Lüker, Benjamin Schäffer, Stephan Willems, Daniel Steven
AIMS: Propofol sedation has been shown to be safe for atrial fibrillation ablation and internal cardioverter-defibrillator implantation but its use for catheter ablation (CA) of ventricular tachycardia (VT) has yet to be evaluated. Here, we tested the hypothesis that VT ablation can be performed using propofol sedation administered by trained nurses under a cardiologist's supervision. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data of 205 procedures (157 patients, 1.3 procedures/patient) undergoing CA for sustained VT under propofol sedation were analysed...
August 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27039114/prevalence-of-under-nutrition-associated-factors-and-perceived-nutritional-status-among-elderly-in-a-rural-area-of-puducherry-south-india
#16
S Kalaiselvi, Yousuf Arjumand, R Jayalakshmy, Ramaswamy Gomathi, Thekkur Pruthu, C Palanivel
BACKGROUND: Under-nutrition among elderly goes undetected, despite their nature of vulnerability to it. Majority of the available literature assessed under nutrition in the facility based settings. We aimed to determine the prevalence of under-nutrition and its associated factors among elderly, in a rural setting. METHODS: A community based cross sectional survey was conducted among elderly in one of the randomly selected sub centre catchment area in rural Puducherry, south India...
July 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26973445/beta-band-functional-connectivity-is-reorganized-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-after-combined-computerized-physical-and-cognitive-training
#17
Manousos A Klados, Charis Styliadis, Christos A Frantzidis, Evangelos Paraskevopoulos, Panagiotis D Bamidis
Physical and cognitive idleness constitute significant risk factors for the clinical manifestation of age-related neurodegenerative diseases. In contrast, a physically and cognitively active lifestyle may restructure age-declined neuronal networks enhancing neuroplasticity. The present study, investigated the changes of brain's functional network in a group of elderly individuals at risk for dementia that were induced by a combined cognitive and physical intervention scheme. Fifty seniors meeting Petersen's criteria of Mild Cognitive Impairment were equally divided into an experimental (LLM), and an active control (AC) group...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26942232/mci-identification-by-joint-learning-on-multiple-mri-data
#18
Yue Gao, Chong-Yaw Wee, Minjeong Kim, Panteleimon Giannakopoulos, Marie-Louise Montandon, Sven Haller, Dinggang Shen
The identification of subtle brain changes that are associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), the at-risk stage of Alzheimer's disease, is still a challenging task. Different from existing works, which employ multimodal data (e.g., MRI, PET or CSF) to identify MCI subjects from normal elderly controls, we use four MRI sequences, including T1-weighted MRI (T1), Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI), Resting-State functional MRI (RS-fMRI) and Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL) perfusion imaging. Since these MRI sequences simultaneously capture various aspects of brain structure and function during clinical routine scan, it simplifies finding the relationship between subjects by incorporating the mutual information among them...
October 2015: Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention: MICCAI ..
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26892583/effect-of-lifestyle-intervention-on-the-hormonal-profile-of-frail-obese-older-men
#19
R Armamento-Villareal, L E Aguirre, C Qualls, D T Villareal
OBJECTIVE: Obesity-associated hypogonadism is hypothesized to be due to the suppressive effect of high estradiol (from an increase in aromatase activity present in the abundant adipose tissue) on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal unit resulting in low testosterone production. Although weight loss has been found to be effective in reducing estradiol and raising testosterone levels in studies of younger men, its effect in frail, obese older men is understudied. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of lifestyle intervention on hormone levels in frail, obese older men...
March 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26734346/nutritional-assessment-in-elderly-care-a-must
#20
Madeleine Frank, Aravinth Sivagnanaratnam, Jo Bernstein
Malnutrition affects over three million people in the UK with associated health costs exceeding £13 billion annually.[1] In hospital, malnutrition has been shown to increase complication rates, morbidity, mortality, hospital readmissions, and length of hospital stay.[2] To screen for malnutrition, a reliable and validated screening tool such as the malnutrition universal screening tool (MUST) should be used.[3] We believe that improved patient outcomes and significant savings to the trust can be achieved, not only by ensuring that every patient has a MUST score documented, but that it is calculated correctly and the appropriate interventions are implemented...
2015: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
keyword
keyword
96050
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"