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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749670/influence-of-water-depth-on-energy-expenditure-during-aquatic-walking-in-people-post-stroke
#1
Hyosok Lim, Daniel Azurdia, Brenda Jeng, Taeyou Jung
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the metabolic cost during aquatic walking at various depths in people post stroke. The secondary purpose was to examine the differences in metabolic cost between aquatic walking and land walking among individuals post stroke. DESIGN: A cross-sectional research design is used. METHODS: Twelve participants post stroke (aged 55.5 ± 13.3 years) completed 6 min of walking in 4 different conditions: chest-depth, waist-depth, and thigh-depth water, and land...
May 11, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748911/patient-education-and-rehabilitation-after-hip-arthroplasty-in-an-italian-spa-center-a-pilot-study-on-its-feasibility
#2
Alfredo Musumeci, Giulia Pranovi, Stefano Masiero
Nowadays, some spa centers are suitable for providing rehabilitative and preventive treatment in association with traditional spa therapy. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and the effectiveness of an intensive rehabilitation program after hip arthroplasty in an Italian spa center. Early after total hip arthroplasty for severe osteoarthritis (≤ 10 days after the intervention), 12 consecutive patients (5 males and 7 females) aged between 50 and 85 years were enrolled for this study. All the patients performed a 2-week thermal multimodal rehabilitation program, which consisted of education and physical rehabilitative measures...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732510/development-and-implementation-of-eco-genomic-tools-for-aquatic-ecosystem-biomonitoring-the-synaqua-french-swiss-program
#3
Estelle Lefrançois, Laure Apothéloz-Perret-Gentil, Philippe Blancher, Samuel Botreau, Cécile Chardon, Laura Crepin, Tristan Cordier, Arielle Cordonier, Isabelle Domaizon, Benoit J D Ferrari, Julie Guéguen, Jean-Christophe Hustache, Louis Jacas, Stephan Jacquet, Sonia Lacroix, Anne-Laurence Mazenq, Alina Pawlowska, Pascal Perney, Jan Pawlowski, Frédéric Rimet, Jean-François Rubin, Dominique Trevisan, Régis Vivien, Agnès Bouchez
The effectiveness of environmental protection measures is based on the early identification and diagnosis of anthropogenic pressures. Similarly, restoration actions require precise monitoring of changes in the ecological quality of ecosystems, in order to highlight their effectiveness. Monitoring the ecological quality relies on bioindicators, which are organisms revealing the pressures exerted on the environment through the composition of their communities. Their implementation, based on the morphological identification of species, is expensive because it requires time and experts in taxonomy...
May 7, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729373/acute-exercise-and-periodized-training-in-different-environments-affect-histone-deacetylase-activity-and-interleukin-10-levels-in-peripheral-blood-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#4
Arthiese Korb, Karine Bertoldi, Gisele Agustini Lovatel, Rodrigo Sudatti Dellevatti, Viviane Rostirola Elsner, Louisiana Carolina Ferreira Meireles, Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel, Ionara Rodrigues Siqueira
AIMS: Our purpose was to investigate the effects of aerobic periodized training in aquatic and land environments on plasma histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity and cytokines levels in peripheral blood of diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM) patients. METHODS: The patients underwent 12 weeks of periodized training programs that including walking or running in a swimming pool (aquatic group) or in a track (dry land group). Blood samples were collected immediately before and after both first and last sessions...
May 2, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692951/underwater-near-infrared-spectroscopy-can-measure-training-adaptations-in-adolescent-swimmers
#5
Ben Jones, Dave Parry, Chris E Cooper
The development of an underwater near-infrared spectroscopy (uNIRS) device has enabled previously unattainable measurements of peripheral muscle hemodynamics and oxygenation to be taken within the natural aquatic environment. The purposes of this study were (i) to trial the use of uNIRS, in a real world training study, and (ii) to monitor the effects of a swim training program upon muscle oxygenation status in short distance swimming. A total of 14 junior club level swimmers completed a repeated swim sprint test before and after an eight week endurance training program...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691889/ecological-risk-assessment-of-perfluooroctane-sulfonate-pfos-to-aquatic-fauna-from-a-bayou-adjacent-to-former-fire-training-areas-at-a-u-s-air-force-installation
#6
Christopher J Salice, Todd A Anderson, Richard H Anderson, Adric D Olson
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) continue to receive significant attention with particular concern for PFASs such as perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) which was a constituent of Aqueous Film-Forming Foam used widely as a fire suppressant for aircraft since the 1970 s. We were interested in the potential for risk to ecological receptors inhabiting Cooper Bayou which is adjacent to two former fire-training areas (FTAs) at Barksdale Air Force Base, LA. Previous research showed higher PFOS concentrations in surface water and biota from Cooper Bayou compared to reference sites...
April 25, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689628/myotendinous-junction-plasticity-in-aged-ovariectomized-rats-submitted-to-aquatic-training
#7
Luan Rissatto Sierra, Gabriel Fávaro, Bruno Rubin Cerri, Lara Caetano Rocha, Sonia Regina de Yokomizo de Almeida, Ii-Sei Watanabe, Adriano Polican Ciena
The study aims to describe the tissue plasticity of MTJ through the morphological analysis of MTJ soleus in ovariectomized aged female Wistar rats submitted to aquatic training. Forty aged Wistar rats, 1 year and 2 months of age, were divided into four groups: sedentary (S), trained (T), ovariectomized (O), and trained/ovariectomized (OT). Employing the transmission electron microscopy, the ultrastructural and morphometric elements were revealed. In the S group, changes in morphological characteristics as a consequence of the aging process were seen, demonstrated by the conical shape of the muscle cell extremity, a large area with collagen deposit, and misalignment of sarcomeres in series...
April 24, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674266/effects-of-high-protein-diet-containing-isolated-whey-protein-in-rats-submitted-to-resistance-training-of-aquatic-jumps
#8
Eudes Thiago Pereira Avila, Thiago da Rosa Lima, Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Paula Caroline de Almeida, Géssica Alves Fraga, Mariana de Souza Sena, Luiz Felipe Petusk Corona, James Wilfred Navalta, Sajjad Rezaei, Morteza Ghayomzadeh, Amílcar Sabino Damazo, Jonato Prestes, Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli
OBJECTIVES: Isolated whey protein (IWP) can decrease body fat compared with other protein sources. The present study verified the effects of high protein diet (HD) containing IWP on several parameters of rats subjected to resistance training (RT). METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats (60 days of age) were separated into four groups (n = 8/group): sedentary normoproteic (IWP 14%; SN); sedentary hyperproteic (IWP 35%; SH); trained normoproteic (IWP 14%; TN), and trained hyperproteic (WPI 35%; TH)...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651756/aquatic-training-in-upright-position-as-an-alternative-to-improve-blood-pressure-in-adults-and-elderly-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Thaís Reichert, Rochelle Rocha Costa, Bruna Machado Barroso, Vitória de Mello Bones da Rocha, Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti, Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses have shown that land training (LT) reduces blood pressure; however, it is not known whether aquatic training (AT) promotes this same effect. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to conduct a meta-analysis on the effects of AT on systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in adults and elderly and compare them to those of LT and no training [control group (CG)]. DATA SOURCES: Embase, PubMed, Cochrane and Scopus were searched up to May 2017...
April 12, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643605/effect-of-aquatic-versus-land-based-exercise-programs-on-physical-performance-in-severely-burned-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Ibrahim M Zoheiry, Haidy N Ashem, Hamada Ahmed Hamada Ahmed, Rami Abbas
[Purpose] To compare the effect of an aquatic-based versus a land-based exercise regimen on the physical performance of severely burned patients. [Subjects and Methods] Forty patients suffering from severe burn (total body surface area more than 30%) were recruited from several outpatient clinics in Greater Cairo. Their ages ranged between 20 to 40 years and were randomly assigned into two equal groups: group (A), which received an aquatic based exercise program, and group (B), which received a land-based exercise program...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578858/water-based-aerobic-training-successfully-improves-lipid-profile-of-dyslipidemic-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Rochelle Rocha Costa, Carmen Pilla, Adriana Cristine Koch Buttelli, Michelle Flores Barreto, Priscila Azevedo Vieiro, Cristine Lima Alberton, Cláudia Gomes Bracht, Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of water-based aerobic training on the lipid profile and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) levels in premenopausal women with dyslipidemia. METHOD: Forty women were randomly assigned to: aquatic training (WA; n = 20) or a control group (CG; n = 20). The WA group underwent 12 weeks of water-based interval aerobic training twice a week at intensities ranging from 9 to 15 on the Borg Scale of Perceived Exertion. Total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high- (HDL) and low- (LDL) density lipoprotein, TC/HDL ratio, LPL levels, and peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks in both groups...
March 26, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535590/respiratory-muscle-training-and-aquatic-sports-performance
#12
EDITORIAL
Ren-Jay Shei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533252/the-effects-of-a-motorized-aquatic-treadmill-exercise-program-on-muscle-strength-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-clinical-function-in-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#13
So Young Lee, Eun Young Han, Bo Ryun Kim, Sang Hee Im
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a motorized aquatic treadmill exercise program improve the isometric strength of the knee muscles, cardiorespiratory fitness, arterial stiffness, motor function, balance, functional outcomes and quality of life in subacute stroke patients. DESIGN: Thirty-two patients were randomly assigned to 4-week training sessions of either aquatic therapy(n=19) or land-based aerobic exercise(n=18). Isometric strength was measured using an isokinetic dynamometer...
March 12, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488206/rehabilitation-of-neuromotor-disabilities-in-aquatic-microgravity-environment
#14
Giovanni Barassi, Rosa Grazia Bellomo, Annamaria Porreca, Giuseppe Giannuzzo, Giuseppe Irace, Leonardo Trivisano, Raoul Saggini
The aquatic environment has a high potential in rehabilitation treatment of acute lesions and in chronic diseases. The Safe Bearing Back method is proposed to stimulate the reorganization of deteriorated sensory neuromotor skills. The aim of the present study was to verify the effectiveness and the long-term maintenance of the benefits of a specific thermal rehabilitation training in neuromotor and neurological disabilities. Seventy four patients were evaluated using the Functional Independence Measure (FIM), Tinetti Gait-Balance Scale (TIN), and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain...
February 28, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476803/water-based-aerobic-and-combined-training-in-elderly-women-effects-on-functional-capacity-and-quality-of-life
#15
Mariana Ribeiro Silva, Cristine Lima Alberton, Elisa Gouvêa Portella, Gabriela Neves Nunes, Daniela Gomez Martin, Stephanie Santana Pinto
This study aimed to investigate the effects of two water-based training programs (aerobic and combined) and a non-periodized physical activity program on functional capacity and quality of life (QoL) of elderly women. Forty-one elderly female volunteers (65 ± 4 years) were divided into three groups: aerobic training group (WBA, n = 13), combined training (sequence: resistance/aerobic; WBC; n = 11) and a control group of non-periodized physical activity program (CG, n = 9). The participants performed the water-based trainings twice a week for 12 weeks...
June 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400623/energy-expenditure-and-epoc-between-water-based-high-intensity-interval-training-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-sessions-in-healthy-women
#16
Gustavo Zaccaria Schaun, Stephanie Santana Pinto, Aline Borges de Carvalho Praia, Cristine Lima Alberton
The present study compared the energy expenditure (EE) during and after two water aerobics protocols, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate continuous training (CONT). A crossover randomized design was employed comprising 11 healthy young women. HIIT consisted of eight 20s bouts at 130% of the cadence associated with the maximal oxygen consumption (measured in the aquatic environment) with 10s passive rest. CONT corresponded to 30 min at a heart rate equivalent to 90-95% of the second ventilatory threshold...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334075/classifying-vortex-wakes-using-neural-networks
#17
Brendan Colvert, Mohamad Alsalman, Eva Kanso
Unsteady flows contain information about the objects creating them. Aquatic organisms offer intriguing paradigms for extracting flow information using local sensory measurements. In contrast, classical methods for flow analysis require global knowledge of the flow field. Here, we train neural networks to classify flow patterns using local vorticity measurements. Specifically, we consider vortex wakes behind an oscillating airfoil and we evaluate the accuracy of the network in distinguishing between three wake types, 2S, 2P+2S and 2P+4S...
January 15, 2018: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313176/effectiveness-of-a-multisystem-aquatic-therapy-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
Giovanni Caputo, Giovanni Ippolito, Marina Mazzotta, Luigi Sentenza, Mara Rosaria Muzio, Sara Salzano, Massimiliano Conson
Aquatic therapy improves motor skills of persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), but its usefulness for treating functional difficulties needs to be verified yet. We tested effectiveness of a multisystem aquatic therapy on behavioural, emotional, social and swimming skills of children with ASD. Multisystem aquatic therapy was divided in three phases (emotional adaptation, swimming adaptation and social integration) implemented in a 10-months-programme. At post-treatment, the aquatic therapy group showed significant improvements relative to controls on functional adaptation (Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales), emotional response, adaptation to change and on activity level (Childhood Autism Rating Scale)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251659/exercise-in-the-management-of-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis
#19
Elizabeth Wellsandt, Yvonne Golightly
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on studies published during July 2001 to August 2017 of exercise as an intervention in knee and hip osteoarthritis, including its influence on an array of patient outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies continue to illustrate the efficacy of exercise in treating and managing osteoarthritis, with current literature more focused on the knee compared with the hip joint. Both traditional (e.g. strength, aerobic, flexibility) and more nontraditional (e...
March 2018: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241126/the-chronic-exposure-to-abamectin-causes-spatial-memory-deficit-and-depressive-behavior-in-mice
#20
Wellington Alves Mizael da Silva, Abraão Tiago Batista Guimarães, Mateus Flores Montalvão, Bruna de Oliveira Mendes, Aline Sueli de Lima Rodrigues, Guilherme Malafaia
It is known that abamectin (ABA), which is a component belonging to the group of avermectins, has been broadly used as biopesticide. Although its effect on non-target aquatic organisms is known, knowledge about its impacts on terrestrial animals such as mammals remains incipient. Thus, we aim at investigating the effects (phycical and neural-behavioral) from the chronic exposure (90 days) to ABA (1/10 of LD50 ) on Swiss and C57Bl/6J mice from both sexes. Accordingly, at the end of the experimental period the animals were subjected to the following tests: Novel Object Recognition Test (NORT), Morris Water Maze (MWM), Tail Suspension Test (TST), and Forced Swimming Test (FST)...
March 2018: Chemosphere
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