Read by QxMD icon Read

aquatic training

Andresa R Marinho-Buzelli, Hossein Rouhani, Kei Masani, Mary C Verrier, Milos R Popovic
Balance training in the aquatic environment is often used in rehabilitation practice to improve static and dynamic balance. Although aquatic therapy is widely used in clinical practice, we still lack evidence on how immersion in water actually impacts postural control. We examined how postural sway measured using centre of pressure and trunk acceleration parameters are influenced by the aquatic environment along with the effects of visual information. Our results suggest that the aquatic environment increases postural instability, measured by the centre of pressure parameters in the time-domain...
September 28, 2016: Gait & Posture
Elizabeth F Nagle, Mary E Sanders, Bethany B Gibbs, Barry A Franklin, Jacquelyn A Nagle, Philip J Prins, Caleb D Johnson, Robert J Robertson
A standardized fitness assessment is critical for the development of an individualized exercise prescription. Although the benefits of aquatic exercise have been well established, there remains the need for a standardized non-swimming protocol to accurately assess cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in shallow water. The present investigation was designed to assess: 1) reliability of a standardized Shallow Water Run (SWR) test of CRF; and 2) accuracy of a standardized SWR compared with a land-based treadmill test (LTM)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Karel Dieguez-Santana, Hai Pham-The, Pedro J Villegas-Aguilar, Huong Le-Thi-Thu, Juan A Castillo-Garit, Gerardo M Casañola-Martin
In this article, the modeling of inhibitory grown activity against Tetrahymena pyriformis is described. The 0-2D Dragon descriptors based on structural aspects to gain some knowledge of factors influencing aquatic toxicity are mainly used. Besides, it is done by some enlarged data of phenol derivatives described for the first time and composed of 358 chemicals. It overcomes the previous datasets with about one hundred compounds. Moreover, the results of the model evaluation by the parameters in the training, prediction and validation give adequate results comparable with those of the previous works...
December 2016: Chemosphere
Sophie Heywood, Jodie McClelland, Benjamin Mentiplay, Paula Geigle, Ann Rahmann, Ross Clark
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of aquatic exercise in improving lower limb strength in people with musculoskeletal conditions. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search utilized five databases including MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Embase, SPORTdiscus and The Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials evaluating aquatic exercise with a resistance training component for adults with musculoskeletal conditions compared with no intervention or land-based exercise were identified...
September 22, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Danae Varveri, Andreas D Flouris, Nikitas Smirnios, Elizana Pollatou, Christina Karatzaferi, Giorgos K Sakkas
We developed and validated an aquaticity assessment test (AAT) for the evaluation of human physical adequacy in the water. Forty-six volunteers (25M/21F; 20 ± 8 years) participated and performed 10 easy-to-administer and practical aquatic tasks. Group A was formed by 36 elite athletes (M/F 20/16, 24.7 ± 10yrs) from two sports categories depending on their affinity to the water environment: terrestrial (wrestling, cycling, dancing) and aquatic (swimming, synchronized swimming, free diving) sports. Group B was formed by 10 non-athlete participants (5M/5F, 14...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Samantha E Scarneo, Hayley J Root, Jessica C Martinez, Craig Denegar, Douglas J Casa, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Catie L Dann, Giselle Aerni, Lindsay J DiStefano
CONTEXT: Neuromuscular training programs (NTPs) improve landing technique and decrease vertical ground reaction forces (VGRF) resulting in injury risk reduction. NTPs in an aquatic environment may elicit the same improvements as land-based programs with reduced joint stress. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of an aquatic NTP on landing technique, as measured by the Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) and VGRF, immediately and 4-months following the intervention...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Alexandre K G Prado, Thais Reichert, Matheus O Conceição, Rodrigo S Delevatti, Ana Carolina Kanitz, Luiz Fernando M Kruel
The effects of training in an aquatic environment on muscular strength are still contradictory in the literature. The aim was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized studies about muscle strength responses after a program of aquatic exercise. A systematic review followed the Cochrane and PRISmA recommendations. The search was performed between December 2015 and January 2016. There were no language restrictions and PUBmED, SCOPUS, Scielo, Cochrane and PEDro databases were consulted. An analysis of eligibility of the studies was done by two independent authors...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Juan A Castillo-Garit, Concepción Abad, Gerardo M Casañola-Martin, Stephen Jones-Barigye, Francisco Torrens, Amparo Torreblanca
Atom-based quadratic indices are used to obtain quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models for the prediction of aquatic toxicity. Our models agree with the principles required by the OECD for QSAR models to regulatory purposes. The database employed consists of 392 substituted benzenes with toxicity values measured in Tetrahymena pyriformis (defined endpoint), was divided using cluster analysis in two series (training and test sets). We obtain (with an unambiguous algorithm) two good multiple linear regression models for non-stochastic (R2=0...
August 3, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Yong Ki Lee, Bo Ryun Kim, Eun Young Han
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to investigate the cardiorespiratory responses of patients with subacute stroke to exercise stress tests with aquatic and land treadmills. DESIGN: Twenty-one consecutive patients who presented with first-ever subacute stroke in 2013-2015. All subjects underwent symptom-limited incremental exercise testing with aquatic and land treadmills. Land treadmill speed started at 1.5 km/h and increased 0.5 km/h every 1 to 2 minutes until maximal tolerable speed was achieved...
August 19, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Kyoung Kim, Dong-Kyu Lee, Eun-Kyung Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of aquatic dual-task training on balance and gait in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty stroke patients were divided into the experimental (n=10) and control (n=10) groups. Both groups underwent neurodevelopmental treatment. The experimental group additionally underwent aquatic dual-task training for 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week, for 6 weeks. Balance was measured using the Berg balance scale, Five Times Sit-to Stand Test, and Functional Reach Test...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Laura G Covill, Cynthia Utley, Cheryl Hochstein
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Older adults with balance deficits often fear falling and limit their mobility. Poor balance is multifactorial, influenced by medication interactions, musculoskeletal and sensory system changes, and poor neuromuscular response to changes in body positions. Aquatic physical therapy (APT) is an intervention used to improve balance and decrease falls. Ai Chi is a water-based exercise program. It incorporates slow movements of progressive difficulty utilizing the upper and lower extremities and trunk coordinated with deep breathing...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Andrew R Mahon, Christopher L Jerde
The method employed for environmental DNA (eDNA) surveillance for detection and monitoring of rare species in aquatic systems has evolved dramatically since its first large-scale applications. Both active (targeted) and passive (total diversity) surveillance methods provide helpful information for management groups, but each has a suite of techniques that necessitate proper equipment training and use. The protocols described in this chapter represent some of the latest iterations in eDNA surveillance being applied in aquatic and marine systems...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
N L Rose, S D Turner, B Goldsmith, L Gosling, T A Davidson
BACKGROUND: Public participation in scientific data collection is a rapidly expanding field. In water quality surveys, the involvement of the public, usually as trained volunteers, generally includes the identification of aquatic invertebrates to a broad taxonomic level. However, quality assurance is often not addressed and remains a key concern for the acceptance of publicly-generated water quality data. The Open Air Laboratories (OPAL) Water Survey, launched in May 2010, aimed to encourage interest and participation in water science by developing a 'low-barrier-to-entry' water quality survey...
2016: BMC Ecology
Giuseppe Morici, Claudia I Gruttad'Auria, Pierpaolo Baiamonte, Emilia Mazzuca, Alessandra Castrogiovanni, Maria R Bonsignore
To illustrate the characteristics of endurance exercise training and its positive effects on health.To provide an overview on the effects of endurance training on airway cells and bronchial reactivity.To summarise the current knowledge on respiratory health problems in elite athletes. Endurance exercise training exerts many positive effects on health, including improved metabol-ism, reduction of cardiovascular risk, and reduced all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Intense endurance exercise causes mild epithelial injury and inflammation in the airways, but does not appear to exert detrimental effects on respiratory health or bronchial reactivity in recreational/non-elite athletes...
June 2016: Breathe
Dennis Dolny, Talin Louder, Luke Roberts, Jimmy Hoover, Nicolas Clark, Eadric Bressel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Hulya Guvenir Şahin, Zuhal Kunduracilar, Emel Sönmezer, Nafiz Akman, Seyhan Sözer, Şehri Ayaş
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Annika Prien, Margo Mountjoy, Jim Miller, Kevin Boyd, Cees van den Hoogenband, David Gerrard, Mohamed Yahia Cherif, Yifan Lu, Kyriakos Nanousis, Edgar Ivan Ortiz Liscano, Farhad Moradi Shahpar, Astrid Junge
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological information on injury/illness is required to develop effective injury prevention strategies. AIM: To assess the frequency and characteristics of injuries/illnesses (1) in the 4 weeks prior to and (2) during the Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA) World Championships 2015 compared with 2013 and 2009. METHOD: (1) Athletes answered a retrospective questionnaire, and (2) the medical staff reported injuries/illnesses prospectively during the championships...
June 16, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Raphael Martins Cunha, Gisela Arsa, Eduardo Borba Neves, Lorena Curado Lopes, Fabio Santana, Marcelo Vasconcelos Noleto, Thais I Rolim, Alexandre Machado Lehnen
One exercise training session such as walking, running, and resistance can lead to a decrease in blood pressure in normotensive and hypertensive individuals, but few studies have investigated the effects of exercise training in an aquatic environment for overweight and obese hypertensive individuals. We aimed to assess the acute effects of a water aerobics session on blood pressure changes in pharmacologically treated overweight and obese hypertensive women. A randomized crossover study was carried out with 18 hypertensive women, 10 of them were overweight (54...
July 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Luiz Paulo Milares, Lívia Assis, Amanda Siqueira, Vitoria Claudino, Heloisa Domingos, Thais Almeida, Carla Tim, Ana Claudia Renno
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an aquatic exercise program and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) (associated or not) on degenerative modifications and inflammatory mediators on the articular cartilage using an experimental model of knee OA. METHOD: Forty male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: knee OA - without treatment (OA); OA plus exercise program group (OAE); OA plus LLLT (OAL); OA plus exercise program associated with LLLT (OAEL)...
September 2016: Connective Tissue Research
Andresa R Marinho-Buzelli, Ana Maria Barela, José Angelo Barela, Melissa Leandro Celestino, Milos R Popovic, Mary Verrie
Aquatic therapies are used to restore step initiation in people with locomotor disabilities. However, there is lack of evidence of underlining mechanisms of gait initiation in water. We investigated center of pressure (CoP), vertical and anterior-posterior impulse forces, and kinematics of the first step performed in water in comparison to overground walking. The peaks of anticipatory postural adjustment (APA) and the sections of CoP trajectories were longer in water than on land. Impulse forces were increased in water compared to land...
May 24, 2016: Motor Control
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"