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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872129/bottlenose-dolphin-tursiops-truncatus-spermatozoa-collection-cryopreservation-and-heterologous-in-vitro-fertilization
#1
María Jesús Sánchez-Calabuig, Francisco Alberto García-Vázquez, Ricardo Laguna-Barraza, Carlos Barros-García, Daniel García-Parraga, Dimitrios Rizos, Alfonso Gutiérrez Adan, José Félix Pérez-Gutíerrez
The use of cryopreserved dolphin spermatozoa facilitates the exchange of genetic material between aquatic parks and makes spermatozoa accessible to laboratories for studies to further our understanding of marine mammal reproduction. Heterologous IVF, a replacement for homologous IVF, could provide a means to test the sperm fertility potential; to study gamete physiology and early embryo development; and to avoid the use of valuable dolphin oocytes, which are difficult to obtain. Here, we present protocols that have been successfully used to collect and cryopreserve dolphin spermatozoa...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865866/postexercise-hypotension-during-different-water-based-concurrent-training-intrasession-sequences-in%C3%A2-young-women
#2
Stephanie Santana Pinto, Daniel Umpierre, Hector Kerchirne Ferreira, Gabriela Neves Nunes, Rodrigo Ferrari, Cristine Lima Alberton
The purpose of the study was to compare the acute effects of water-based resistance-aerobic (RA) and aerobic-resistance (AR) sequences on systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean blood pressure (MBP) in young women. Thirteen active women participated in four sessions: (1) exercises familiarization, (2) aquatic maximal test to determine the heart rate (HR) corresponding to the anaerobic threshold (HRAT), (3) concurrent protocol RA, and (4) concurrent protocol AR. Both protocols were initiated with the blood pressure measurements at rest in supine position...
August 24, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854482/applying-high-frequency-surrogate-measurements-and-a-wavelet-ann-model-to-provide-early-warnings-of-rapid-surface-water-quality-anomalies
#3
Bin Shi, Peng Wang, Jiping Jiang, Rentao Liu
It is critical for surface water management systems to provide early warnings of abrupt, large variations in water quality, which likely indicate the occurrence of spill incidents. In this study, a combined approach integrating a wavelet artificial neural network (wavelet-ANN) model and high-frequency surrogate measurements is proposed as a method of water quality anomaly detection and warning provision. High-frequency time series of major water quality indexes (TN, TP, COD, etc.) were produced via a regression-based surrogate model...
August 26, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825604/effects-of-dry-land-strength-and-conditioning-programs-in-age-group-swimmers
#4
Nuno M Amaro, Daniel A Marinho, Mário C Marques, Nuno P Batalha, Pedro G Morouço
Amaro, NM, Marinho, DA, Marques, MC, Batalha, N, and Morouço, PG. Effects of dry-land strength and conditioning programs in age group swimmers. J Strength Cond Res 31(9): 2447-2454, 2017-Even though dry-land S&C training is a common practice in the context of swimming, there are countless uncertainties over its effects in performance of age group swimmers. The objective was to investigate the effects of dry-land S&C programs in swimming performance of age group swimmers. A total of 21 male competitive swimmers (12...
September 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801886/effects-of-3-nitro-1-2-4-triazol-5-one-on-survival-growth-and-metamorphosis-in-the-northern-leopard-frog-lithobates-pipiens
#5
David A Pillard, William S Eck, Mark S Johnson, Stephanie Packard
New explosive formulations are being developed to be less sensitive to impact and inadvertent explosion, increasing safety for the warfighter. Since testing and training make environmental releases imminent, the toxicity of 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one (NTO), a component of Insensitive Munitions eXplosive (IMX) formulations, was assessed in a one-generation study to the northern leopard frog (Lithobates ( = Rana) pipiens). Because NTO in water creates acidic conditions, acute studies were conducted with non-pH-adjusted NTO, while a long-term (70-d) study was conducted with neutralized NTO...
August 11, 2017: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779920/short-term-water-based-aerobic-training-promotes-improvements-in-aerobic-conditioning-parameters-of-mature-women
#6
Rochelle Rocha Costa, Thais Reichert, Leandro Coconcelli, Nicole Monticelli Simmer, Natália Carvalho Bagatini, Adriana Cristine Koch Buttelli, Cláudia Gomes Bracht, Ricardo Stein, Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel
Aging is accompanied by a decrease in aerobic capacity. Therefore, physical training has been recommended to soften the effects of advancement age. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a short-term water-based aerobic training on resting heart rate (HRrest), heart rate corresponding to anaerobic threshold (HRAT), peak heart rate (HRpeak), percentage value of HRAT in relation to HRpeak and test duration (TD) of mature women. Twenty-two women (65.91 ± 4.83 years) were submitted to a five-week water-based interval aerobic training...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767683/quantifying-kinematic-differences-between-land-and-water-during-squats-split-squats-and-single-leg-squats-in-a-healthy-population
#7
Anna C Severin, Brendan J Burkett, Mark R McKean, Aaron N Wiegand, Mark G L Sayers
Aquatic exercises can be used in clinical and sporting disciplines for both rehabilitation and sports training. However, there is limited knowledge on the influence of water immersion on the kinematics of exercises commonly used in rehabilitation and fitness programs. The aim of this study was to use inertial sensors to quantify differences in kinematics and movement variability of bodyweight squats, split squats, and single-leg squats performed on dry land and whilst immersed to the level of the greater trochanter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758074/efficacy-of-aquatic-treadmill-training-on-gait-symmetry-and-balance-in-subacute-stroke-patients
#8
Mi Eun Lee, Geun Yeol Jo, Hwan Kwon Do, Hee Eun Choi, Woo Jin Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of aquatic treadmill training (ATT) as a new modality for stroke rehabilitation, by assessing changes in gait symmetry, balance function, and subjective balance confidence for the paretic and non-paretic leg in stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty-one subacute stroke patients participated in 15 intervention sessions of aquatic treadmill training. The Comfortable 10-Meter Walk Test (CWT), spatiotemporal gait parameters, Berg Balance Scale (BBS), and Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale (ABC) were assessed pre- and post-interventions...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735720/randomized-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-impact-of-aquatic-exercise-training-on-functional-capacity-balance-and-perceptions-of-fatigue-in-female-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Mehdi Kargarfard, Ardalan Shariat, Lee Ingle, Joshua A Cleland, Mina Kargarfard
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of an 8-week aquatic exercise training program on functional capacity, balance, and perceptions of fatigue in women with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: Randomized controlled design. SETTING: Referral center of an MS society. PARTICIPANTS: Women (N=32; mean age ± SD, 36.4±8.2y) with diagnosed relapsing-remitting MS. After undergoing baseline testing by a neurologist, participants were allocated to either an intervention (aquatic training program, n=17) or a control group (n=15)...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712030/predictive-modelling-of-eutrophication-in-the-poz%C3%A3-n-de-la-dolores-lake-northern-spain-by-using-an-evolutionary-support-vector-machines-approach
#10
P J García-Nieto, E García-Gonzalo, J R Alonso Fernández, C Díaz Muñiz
Eutrophication is a water enrichment in nutrients (mainly phosphorus) that generally leads to symptomatic changes and deterioration of water quality and all its uses in general, when the production of algae and other aquatic vegetations are increased. In this sense, eutrophication has caused a variety of impacts, such as high levels of Chlorophyll a (Chl-a). Consequently, anticipate its presence is a matter of importance to prevent future risks. The aim of this study was to obtain a predictive model able to perform an early detection of the eutrophication in water bodies such as lakes...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704390/inter-rater-reliability-of-categorical-versus-continuous-scoring-of-fish-vitality-does-it-affect-the-utility-of-the-reflex-action-mortality-predictor-ramp-approach
#11
Pieter Meeremans, Noëlle Yochum, Marc Kochzius, Bart Ampe, Frank A M Tuyttens, Sven Sebastian Uhlmann
Scoring reflex responsiveness and injury of aquatic organisms has gained popularity as predictors of discard survival. Given this method relies upon the individual interpretation of scoring criteria, an evaluation of its robustness is done here to test whether protocol-instructed, multiple raters with diverse backgrounds (research scientist, technician, and student) are able to produce similar or the same reflex and injury score for one of the same flatfish (European plaice, Pleuronectes platessa) after experiencing commercial fishing stressors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697785/effect-of-aquatic-physical-therapy-on-pain-perception-functional-capacity-and-quality-of-life-in-older-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Guilherme Eleutério Alcalde, Ana Carolina Fonseca, Thais Fernanda Bôscoa, Mirella Regina Gonçalves, Gabriele Candido Bernardo, Bruna Pianna, Bianca Ferdin Carnavale, Camila Gimenes, Silvia Regina Barrile, Eduardo Aguilar Arca
BACKGROUND: Aquatic therapy promotes short-term benefits for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), and it may be the first therapeutic option for this pathological condition. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of an aquatic therapy program on pain intensity, functional ability, and quality of life in older people with knee OA. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a parallel, two-arm, open, randomized controlled clinical trial with older people with knee OA...
July 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691156/aquatic-exercise-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#13
Jordan L Rees, Steven T Johnson, Normand G Boulé
AIMS: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effects of aquatic exercise (AquaEx) on indicators of glycemic control (i.e., glycated hemoglobin [A1c] and fasting plasma glucose) in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It was hypothesized that AquaEx would improve glycemic control to a similar extent as land-based exercise (LandEx), but to a greater extent than non-exercise control (Ctrl). METHODS: A literature search was completed in February 2017 for studies examining AquaEx training in adults with T2DM...
July 10, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682652/effects-of-water-based-exercise-training-on-the-cognitive-function-and-quality-of-life-of-healthy-adult-women
#14
Carlos Ayán, Paulo Carvalho, Silvia Varela, José María Cancela
BACKGROUND: Research regarding the impact of aquatic exercise on cognition is scarce. This study aimed at identifying the effects of water-based exercise training on the cognitive function and quality of life of healthy adult women. METHODS: Fifty-one healthy women (mean age: 46.5 ± 12.3 years) were assigned to group A or B and followed a water-based exercise program for six months. During the first three months, the sessions performed by group A were focused on stimulating cognitive function...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#15
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629269/aquatic-obstacle-training-improves-freezing-of-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Zhizhong Zhu, Miaomiao Yin, Liling Cui, Ying Zhang, Weijia Hou, Yaqing Li, Hua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the effect of aquatic obstacle training on balance parameters in comparison with a traditional aquatic therapy in patients with Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: A randomized single-blind controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatients in the rehabilitation department. SUBJECTS: A total of 46 patients with Parkinson's disease in Hoehn-Yahr stage 2-3. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned to (1) aquatic therapy or (2) obstacle aquatic therapy...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629112/european-demonstration-program-on-the-effect-based-and-chemical-identification-and-monitoring-of-organic-pollutants-in-european-surface-waters
#17
Zuzana Tousova, Peter Oswald, Jaroslav Slobodnik, Ludek Blaha, Melis Muz, Meng Hu, Werner Brack, Martin Krauss, Carolina Di Paolo, Zsolt Tarcai, Thomas-Benjamin Seiler, Henner Hollert, Sanja Koprivica, Marijan Ahel, Jennifer E Schollée, Juliane Hollender, Marc J-F Suter, Anita O Hidasi, Kristin Schirmer, Manoj Sonavane, Selim Ait-Aissa, Nicolas Creusot, Francois Brion, Jean Froment, Ana Catarina Almeida, Kevin Thomas, Knut Erik Tollefsen, Sara Tufi, Xiyu Ouyang, Pim Leonards, Marja Lamoree, Victoria Osorio Torrens, Annemieke Kolkman, Merijn Schriks, Petra Spirhanzlova, Andrew Tindall, Tobias Schulze
Growing concern about the adverse environmental and human health effects of a wide range of micropollutants requires the development of novel tools and approaches to enable holistic monitoring of their occurrence, fate and effects in the aquatic environment. A European-wide demonstration program (EDP) for effect-based monitoring of micropollutants in surface waters was carried out within the Marie Curie Initial Training Network EDA-EMERGE. The main objectives of the EDP were to apply a simplified protocol for effect-directed analysis, to link biological effects to target compounds and to estimate their risk to aquatic biota...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627861/effectiveness-of-aquatic-therapy-for-the-control-of-pain-and-increased-functionality-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Sagrario Pérez de la Cruz
BACKGROUND: Gait, balance disorders and pain associated with Parkinson's disease represent important therapeutic challenges, as they are related with an increased risk of falls, together with disability and physical decline. AIM: To compare the effects of an aquatic Ai Chi training program on the perception of pain, the maintenance of balance and the functional independence of patients with Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582738/effects-of-ship-induced-waves-on-aquatic-ecosystems
#19
REVIEW
Friederike Gabel, Stefan Lorenz, Stefan Stoll
Most larger water bodies worldwide are used for navigation, and the intensity of commercial and recreational navigation is expected to further increase. Navigation profoundly affects aquatic ecosystems. To facilitate navigation, rivers are trained and developed, and the direct effects of navigation include chemical and biological impacts (e.g., inputs of toxic substances and dispersal of non-native species, respectively). Furthermore, propagating ships create hydrodynamic alterations, often simply summarized as waves...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538319/reliability-and-accuracy-of-a-standardized-shallow-water-running-test-to-determine-cardiorespiratory-fitness
#20
Elizabeth F Nagle, Mary E Sanders, Bethany B Gibbs, Barry A Franklin, Jacquelyn A Nagle, Philip J Prins, Caleb D Johnson, Robert J Robertson
Nagle, EF, Sanders, ME, Gibbs, BB, Franklin, BA, Nagle, JA, Prins, PJ, Johnson, CD, and Robertson, RJ. Reliability and accuracy of a standardized shallow water running test to determine cardiorespiratory fitness. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1669-1677, 2017-A standardized fitness assessment is critical for the development of an individualized exercise prescription. Although the benefits of aquatic exercise have been well established, there remains the need for a standardized nonswimming protocol to accurately assess cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in shallow water...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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