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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#1
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520711/inhalational-chlorine-injuries-at-public-aquatic-venues-california-2008-2015
#2
Jason A Wilken, Michele DiMaggio, Matthew Kaufmann, Kevin O'Connor, Svetlana Smorodinsky, Christina Armatas, Tracy Barreau, Richard Kreutzer, Lino Ancheta
In June 2015, personnel from California's Contra Costa Health Services Environmental Health and Hazardous Materials (hazmat) divisions were alerted to a possible chemical release at a swimming pool in an outdoor municipal water park. Approximately 50 bathers were in the pool when symptoms began; 34 (68%) experienced vomiting, coughing, or eye irritation. Among these persons, 17 (50%) were treated at the scene by Contra Costa's Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and released, and 17 (50%) were transported to local emergency departments; five patients also were evaluated later at an emergency department or by a primary medical provider...
May 19, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467816/prediction-of-the-aquatic-toxicity-of-aromatic-compounds-to-tetrahymena-pyriformis-through-support-vector-regression
#3
Qiang Su, Wencong Lu, Dongshu Du, Fuxue Chen, Bing Niu, Kuo-Chen Chou
Toxicity evaluation is an extremely important process during drug development. It is usually initiated by experiments on animals, which is time-consuming and costly. To speed up such a process, a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) study was performed to develop a computational model for correlating the structures of 581 aromatic compounds with their aquatic toxicity to tetrahymena pyriformis. A set of 68 molecular descriptors derived solely from the structures of the aromatic compounds were calculated based on Gaussian 03, HyperChem 7...
April 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459347/characteristics-and-challenges-of-open-water-swimming-performance-a-review
#4
Roberto Baldassarre, Marco Bonifazi, Paola Zamparo, Maria Francesca Piacentini
PURPOSE: Although the popularity of open water swimming (OWS) events has significantly increased in the last decades, specific studies regarding performance of elite or age group athletes in these events are scarce. The purpose of this review is to analyse the existing literature on OWS. METHODS: Relevant literature was located via computer-generated citations: during August 2016, online computer searches on PubMed and Scopus databases were conducted to locate published research...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444094/jumping-in-aquatic-environment-after-sciatic-nerve-compression-nociceptive-evaluation-and-morphological-characteristics-of-the-soleus-muscle-of-wistar-rats
#5
Jéssica Aline Malanotte, Camila Mayumi Martin Kakihata, Jhenifer Karvat, Rose Meire Costa Brancalhão, Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro, Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini
Objective: To evaluate the effect of jumping in aquatic environment on nociception and in the soleus muscle of trained and not trained Wistar rats, in the treatment of compressive neuropathy of the sciatic nerve. Methods: Twenty-five Wistar rats were distributed into five groups: Control, Lesion, Trained + Lesion, Lesion + Exercise, and Trained + Lesion + Exercise. The training was jumping exercise in water environment for 20 days prior to injury, and treatment after the injury...
January 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441739/the-use-of-immus-in-a-water-environment-instrument-validation-and-application-of-3d-multi-body-kinematic-analysis-in-medicine-and-sport
#6
Anna Lisa Mangia, Matteo Cortesi, Silvia Fantozzi, Andrea Giovanardi, Davide Borra, Giorgio Gatta
The aims of the present study were the instrumental validation of inertial-magnetic measurements units (IMMUs) in water, and the description of their use in clinical and sports aquatic applications applying customized 3D multi-body models. Firstly, several tests were performed to map the magnetic field in the swimming pool and to identify the best volume for experimental test acquisition with a mean dynamic orientation error lower than 5°. Successively, the gait and the swimming analyses were explored in terms of spatiotemporal and joint kinematics variables...
April 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382813/oxygen-uptake-and-body-composition-after-aquatic-physical-training-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Carolina P Andrade, Antonio R Zamunér, Meire Forti, Thalita F França, Nayara Y Tamburús, Ester Silva
BACKGROUND: Aquatic physical training (APT) has been strongly recommended to improve symptoms in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). However, its effects on body composition and whether lean body mass (LBM) directly influences the aerobic functional capacity of this population are still not clear. AIM: To investigate whether APT can help improve body composition and increase the aerobic functional capacity in women with FMS, and whether oxygen consumption (VO2) related to LBM can better quantify the functional capacity of this population...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367872/detection-method-for-aquatic-bacteria-of-the-fingers-as-a-potential-origin-of-the-aqueous-solution-contamination
#8
Eiichi Osono, Kazumi Honda, Yuki Inoue, Yoshihiko Norose, Megumi Takahashi, Kyoko Ichimura, Chisako Kamano, Eiji Shinya, Shun Takaku, Kentaro Okamatsu, Shinya Kawamoto, Hideaki Takizawa, Hidemi Takahashi
 Aquatic bacteria were isolated from the hands of working staffs by an adapted culture protocol. When the sample solution obtained by the" glove juice method" was incubated for 3 days at room temperature, viable cell counts increased up to 10(5)-fold, and the majority of the isolated colonies were shown to be Gram-negative aquatic bacteria, which carry the risk of contaminating water. Using R2A medium, coagulase-negative staphylococci were the dominant microbes immediately after recovery from the hands. Here it was revealed that bacteria of the phylum Proteobacteria isolated from the hand can be the causative bacteria of aqueous contamination...
2017: Biocontrol Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296754/effects-of-aquatic-exercise-on-physical-function-and-fitness-among-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Chunxiao Li, Selina Khoo, Athirah Adnan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to synthesize the evidence on the effects of aquatic exercise interventions on physical function and fitness among people with spinal cord injury. DATA SOURCE: Six major databases were searched from inception till June 2015: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsychInfo, SPORTDiscus, and Cochrane Center Register of Controlled Trials. STUDY APPRAISAL AND SYNTHESIS METHODS: Two reviewers independently rated methodological quality using the modified Downs and Black Scale and extracted and synthesized key findings (i...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283412/silver-nanoparticles-alter-learning-and-memory-formation-in-an-aquatic-organism-lymnaea-stagnalis
#10
Austin Young, Amy Protheroe, Ken Lukowiak
We tested the effect of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the ability of the pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis, to learn and form long-term memory (LTM) following operant conditioning of aerial respiration. We hypothesized that the AgNPs would act as a stressor and prevent learning and LTM formation. We tested snails exposed for either 72 h or only during training and testing for memory (i.e. 0.5 h) and found no difference between those treatments. We found that at a low concentration of AgNPs (5 μg/L) neither learning and nor memory formation were altered...
March 7, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263901/effects-of-high-intensity-resistance-aquatic-training-on-body-composition-and-walking-speed-in-women-with-mild-knee-osteoarthritis-a-4-month-rct-with-12-month-follow-up
#11
B Waller, M Munukka, T Rantalainen, E Lammentausta, M T Nieminen, I Kiviranta, H Kautiainen, A Häkkinen, U M Kujala, A Heinonen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of 4-months' intensive aquatic resistance training on body composition and walking speed in post-menopausal women with mild knee osteoarthritis (OA), immediately after intervention and after 12-months follow-up. Additionally, influence of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) will be investigated. DESIGN: This randomised clinical trial assigned 87 volunteer postmenopausal women into two study arms. The intervention group (n = 43) participated in 48 supervised intensive aquatic resistance training sessions over 4-months while the control group (n = 44) maintained normal physical activity...
March 3, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240703/physical-activity-is-related-with-cartilage-quality-in-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#12
Matti Munukka, Benjamin Waller, Arja Häkkinen, Miika T Nieminen, Eveliina Lammentausta, Urho M Kujala, Juha Paloneva, Hannu Kautiainen, Ilkka Kiviranta, Ari Heinonen
PURPOSE: To study the relationship between 12-month leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) level and changes in estimated biochemical composition of tibiofemoral cartilage in postmenopausal women with mild knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Originally 87 volunteer postmenopausal women, aged 60-68 years, with mild knee OA (Kellgren Lawrence I/II and knee pain) participated in a randomised controlled, 4-month aquatic training trial (RCT), after which 76 completed the 12-month post-intervention follow-up period...
February 25, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236109/effect-of-administration-of-high-protein-diet-in-rats-submitted-to-resistance-training
#13
Thiago da Rosa Lima, Eudes Thiago Pereira Ávila, Géssica Alves Fraga, Mariana de Souza Sena, Arlyson Batista de Souza Dias, Paula Caroline de Almeida, Joice Cristina Dos Santos Trombeta, Roberto Carlos Vieira Junior, Amílcar Sabino Damazo, James Wilfred Navalta, Jonato Prestes, Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli
PURPOSE: Although there is limited evidence regarding the pathophysiological effects of a high-protein diet (HD), it is believed that this type of diet could overload the body and cause damage to the organs directly involved with protein metabolism and excretion. The aim of this study was to verify the effects of HD on biochemical and morphological parameters of rats that completed a resistance training protocol (RT; aquatic jump) for 8 weeks. METHODS: Thirty-two adult male Wistar rats were divided into four groups (n = 8 for each group): sedentary normal protein diet (SN-14%), sedentary high-protein diet (SH-35%), trained normal protein diet (TN-14%), and trained high-protein diet (TH-35%)...
February 24, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196722/comparison-of-models-for-predicting-the-changes-in-phytoplankton-community-composition-in-the-receiving-water-system-of-an-inter-basin-water-transfer-project
#14
Qinghui Zeng, Yi Liu, Hongtao Zhao, Mingdong Sun, Xuyong Li
Inter-basin water transfer projects might cause complex hydro-chemical and biological variation in the receiving aquatic ecosystems. Whether machine learning models can be used to predict changes in phytoplankton community composition caused by water transfer projects have rarely been studied. In the present study, we used machine learning models to predict the total algal cell densities and changes in phytoplankton community composition in Miyun reservoir caused by the middle route of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project (SNWTP)...
April 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166116/cerebral-blood-flow-responses-to-aquatic-treadmill-exercise
#15
Rhodri Parfitt, Marianne Y Hensman, Samuel J E Lucas
INTRODUCTION: Aquatic treadmills are used as a rehabilitation method for conditions such as spinal cord injury, osteoarthritis and stroke, and can facilitate an earlier return to exercise training for athletes. However, their effect on cerebral blood flow (CBF) responses has not been examined. We tested the hypothesis that aquatic treadmill exercise would augment CBF and lower heart rate compared to land-based treadmill exercise. METHODS: Eleven participants completed incremental exercise (crossover design) starting from walking pace [4 km/h, immersed to iliac crest (aquatic), 6 km/h (land)] and increasing 1 km/h every 2 min up to 10 km/h for aquatic (maximum belt speed) or 12 km/h for land...
February 4, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149427/effects-of-plyometric-training-on-physical-fitness-in-team-sport-athletes-a-systematic-review
#16
Maamer Slimani, Karim Chamari, Bianca Miarka, Fabricio B Del Vecchio, Foued Chéour
Plyometric training (PT) is a very popular form of physical conditioning of healthy individuals that has been extensively studied over the last decades. In this article, we critically review the available literature related to PT and its effects on physical fitness in team sport athletes. We also considered studies that combined PT with other popular training modalities (e.g. strength/sprint training). Generally, short-term PT (i.e. 2-3 sessions a week for 4-16 weeks) improves jump height, sprint and agility performances in team sport players...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149187/biochemical-analysis-and-bone-remodeling-in-response-to-oophorectomy-and-aquatic-training
#17
Helena Ribeiro Souza, Ana Paula Girol, Adriana Paula Sanchez Schiaveto, Mairto Roberis Geromel, Melina Mizusaki Iyomasa, Maurício Ferraz DE Arruda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether swimming could prevent bone loss and could be indicated to assist in treatment of osteoporosis. METHODS: Female rats were divided into 4 groups (n=6), two of them were oophorectomized. Animals from two groups, one oophorectomized and another not oophorectomized, underwent aquatic training for eight weeks. After training, the animals were sacrificed and their blood was collected for calcium and alkaline phosphatase serum dosage; the femur was removed and subjected to radiological and histological densitometry analysis to assess bone loss and osteoclast counting on femoral head and neck...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081509/in-silico-prediction-of-toxicity-of-phenols-to-tetrahymena-pyriformis-by-using-genetic-algorithm-and-decision-tree-based-modeling-approach
#18
Fatemeh Abbasitabar, Vahid Zare-Shahabadi
Risk assessment of chemicals is an important issue in environmental protection; however, there is a huge lack of experimental data for a large number of end-points. The experimental determination of toxicity of chemicals involves high costs and time-consuming process. In silico tools such as quantitative structure-toxicity relationship (QSTR) models, which are constructed on the basis of computational molecular descriptors, can predict missing data for toxic end-points for existing or even not yet synthesized chemicals...
April 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059482/aquatic-toxicity-of-photo-degraded-insensitive-munition-101-imx-101-constituents
#19
Alan J Kennedy, Aimee R Poda, Nicolas L Melby, Lee C Moores, Shinita M Jordan, Kurt A Gust, Anthony J Bednar
Insensitive munitions (IMs) are desirable alternatives to historically used formulations, such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), due to their "insensitivity" to unintended detonation. The insensitive munition IMX-101 is a mixture of 2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN), 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one (NTO), and nitroguanidine (NQ). Environmental releases of munitions may be from production wastewaters or training; these munitions may be exposed to Ultraviolet light. Therefore, it is useful to understand the relative toxicity of IMX-101 and its constituents both before and after photo-degradation...
January 6, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029183/temporal-monitoring-of-perfluorooctane-sulfonate-accumulation-in-aquatic-biota-downstream-of-historical-aqueous-film-forming-foam-use-areas
#20
Heather A Lanza, Rebecca S Cochran, Joseph F Mudge, Adric D Olson, Brett R Blackwell, Jonathan D Maul, Christopher J Salice, Todd A Anderson
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have recently received increased research attention, particularly concerning aquatic organisms and in regions of exposure to aqueous film forming foams (AFFFs). Air Force bases historically applied AFFFs in the interest of fire training exercises and have since expressed concern for PFAS contamination in biota from water bodies surrounding former fire training areas. Six PFAS were monitored, including perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), in aquatic species from 8 bayou locations at Barksdale Air Force Base in Bossier City, Louisiana (USA) over the course of 1 yr...
December 28, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
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