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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550811/influence-of-solids-residence-time-and-carbon-storage-on-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-recovery-by-microalgae-across-diel-cycles
#1
D A Gardner-Dale, I M Bradley, J S Guest
Microalgal treatment systems could advance nutrient recovery from wastewater by achieving effluent nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) levels below the current limit of technology, but their successful implementation requires an understanding of how design decisions influence nutrient uptake over daily (i.e., diel) cycles. This work demonstrates the ability to influence microalgal N:P recovery ratio via solids residence time (SRT) while maintaining complete nutrient removal across day/night cycles through carbon storage and mobilization...
May 18, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550762/forensic-age-estimation-by-morphometric-analysis-of-the-manubrium-from-3d-mr-images
#2
Naira P Martínez Vera, Johannes Höller, Thomas Widek, Bernhard Neumayer, Thomas Ehammer, Martin Urschler
Forensic age estimation research based on skeletal structures focuses on patterns of growth and development using different bones. In this work, our aim was to study growth-related evolution of the manubrium in living adolescents and young adults using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is an image acquisition modality that does not involve ionizing radiation. In a first step, individual manubrium and subject features were correlated with age, which confirmed a statistically significant change of manubrium volume (Mvol:p<0...
May 12, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550658/are-subjective-ratings-of-metaphors-a-red-herring-the-big-two-dimensions-of-metaphoric-sentences
#3
Paul H Thibodeau, Les Sikos, Frank H Durgin
What makes some metaphors easier to understand than others? Several psycholinguistic dimensions have been identified as candidate answers to this question, including appeals to familiarity and aptness. One way to operationalize these dimensions is to collect ratings of them from naive participants. In this article, we question the construct validity of this approach. Do ratings of aptness actually reflect the aptness of the metaphors? Are ratings of aptness measuring something different from ratings of familiarity? With two experiments and an analysis of existing datasets, we argue that ratings of metaphoric sentences are confounded by how easily people are able to understand the sentences (processing fluency)...
May 27, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550625/make-it-real-belief-in-occurrence-within-episodic-future-thought
#4
Alexandra Ernst, Arnaud D'Argembeau
While the cognitive and neural bases of episodic future thinking are well documented, questions remain as to what gives the sense that an imagined event belongs to one's personal future. Capitalizing on previous research on metacognitive appraisals in autobiographical remembering, we propose that episodic future thinking involves, in varying degrees, a subjective belief in the potential occurrence of imagined future events and we explore the nature and determinants of such belief. To this aim, participants provided justifications for belief in occurrence for a series of past and future events...
May 26, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550144/exacerbation-of-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-induced-blood-brain-barrier-disruption-potential-pathogenic-role-of-interleukin-9-in-ischemic-stroke
#5
Sha Tan, Yilong Shan, Yuge Wang, Yinyao Lin, Siyuan Liao, Zhezhi Deng, Li Zhou, Wei Cai, Qin Zeng, Lei Zhang, Bingjun Zhang, Xuejiao Men, Haiyan Li, Xueqiang Hu, Changyou Wu, Lisheng Peng, Zhengqi Lu
Interleukin (IL) -9 exerts a variety of functions in autoimmune diseases. However, its role in ischemic brain injury remains unknown. The present study explored the biological effects of IL-9 in ischemic stroke. We recruited 42 patients newly diagnosed with ischemic stroke and 22 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The expression levels of IL-9 and percentages of IL-9-producing T cells, including CD3+CD4+IL-9+ and CD3+CD8+IL-9+ cells, were determined in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from patients and control individuals...
May 26, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549860/crude-terpene-glycoside-component-from-radix-paeoniae-rubra-protects-against-isoproterenol-induced-myocardial-ischemic-injury-via-activation-of-the-pi3k-akt-mtor-signaling-pathway
#6
Zhongcheng Ke, Gang Wang, Lei Yang, Huihui Qiu, Hao Wu, Mei Du, Juan Chen, Jie Song, Xiaobin Jia, Liang Feng
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Radix paeoniae rubra, also known as chishao (CS), is a frequently used traditional Chinese medicine that can promote blood circulation to remove blood stasis. It has been widely used for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in China. Although terpene glycoside (TG), the major component in CS, has been shown to possess cardioprotective properties, the mechanism underlying CS-TG's preventive effect against myocardial ischemia injury is unknown...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549170/are-multidimensional-pain-inventory-coping-strategy-profiles-associated-with-long-term-spinal-cord-stimulation-effectiveness
#7
Mery Paroli, Olivia Bernini, Giuliano De Carolis, Lara Tollapi, Franca Bondi, Antonella Martini, Alessandro Dario, Adriana Paolicchi
Introduction.:  It is acknowledged that the way patients cope with pain may influence treatment outcome. In particular, psychological factors are deemed important when considering patients for suitability for spinal cord stimulation (SCS). Objective.:  The aim of the study is to observe how pre-implantation psychological characteristics impact the effectiveness of SCS for chronic pain. Methods.:  The analysis comprised data from 137 patients who underwent an SCS implant...
May 26, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549156/early-subjective-sensory-experiences-with-cigalike-e-cigarettes-among-african-american-menthol-smokers-a-qualitative-study
#8
Sabrina L Smiley, Teresa DeAtley, Leslie F Rubin, Emily Harvey, Elexis C Kierstead, Monica Webb Hooper, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams, Jennifer L Pearson
Introduction: Despite smoker interest in e-cigarettes as a harm reduction or cessation aid, many smokers prematurely discontinue vaping after trying a product. This study explored the role of early subjective sensory experience in vaping persistence and desistence. Methods: African American menthol cigarette smokers aged ≥18 years (n=15; M=54.1 years; SD=8.2), motivated to quit smoking, and interested in trying e-cigarettes were recruited in Washington, D.C. Participants were followed for three weeks and provided menthol cigalike e-cigarettes after week one...
May 26, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548920/evaluation-of-biofidelity-of-thums-pedestrian-model-under-a-whole-body-impact-conditions-with-a-generic-sedan-buck
#9
Taotao Wu, Taewung Kim, Varun Bollapragada, David Poulard, Huipeng Chen, Matthew B Panzer, Jason L Forman, Jeff R Crandall, Bengt Pipkorn
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the biofidelity of the Total Human Model for Safety (THUMS; Ver. 4.01) pedestrian finite element models (PFEM) in a whole-body pedestrian impact condition using a well-characterized generic pedestrian buck model. METHODS: The biofidelity of THUMS PFEM was evaluated with respect to data from 3 full-scale postmortem human subject (PMHS) pedestrian impact tests, in which a pedestrian buck laterally struck the subjects using a pedestrian buck at 40 km/h...
May 29, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548864/oral-administration-of-a-medium-containing-both-d-aspartate-producing-live-bacteria-and-d-aspartate-reduces-rectal-temperature-in-chickens
#10
P H Do, P V Tran, M A Bahry, H Yang, G Han, A Tsuchiya, Y Asami, M Furuse, V S Chowdhury
1. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects on the rectal temperature of young chickens of the oral administration of a medium that contained both live bacteria that produce D-aspartate (D-Asp) and D-Asp. 2. In Experiment 1, chickens were subjected to chronic oral administration of either the medium (containing live bacteria and 2.46 μmol D-Asp) or water from 7 to 14 d of age. Plasma-free amino acids as well as mitochondrial biogenic gene expression in the breast muscle were analysed. In Experiment 2, 7-d-old chickens were subjected to acute oral administration of the above medium or of an equimolar amount of D-Asp to examine their effect on changes in rectal temperature...
May 26, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547846/multiline-balanced-ssfp-for-rapid-functional-imaging-at-ultrahigh-field
#11
Philipp Ehses, Klaus Scheffler
PURPOSE: The goal of this study is to develop and evaluate a multiline balanced steady-state free-precession (bSSFP) sequence for passband functional MRI at ultrahigh field. METHODS: Passband bSSFP functional MRI experiments using a visual task were performed on a 9.4 T system with echo trains ranging from one up to seven echoes. We analyze the acquisition efficiency, temporal and thermal signal-to-noise ratio, as well as the observed blood oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal changes...
May 25, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547680/the-influence-of-attention-on-value-integration
#12
Melina A Kunar, Derrick G Watson, Konstantinos Tsetsos, Nick Chater
People often have to make decisions based on many pieces of information. Previous work has found that people are able to integrate values presented in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) stream to make informed judgements on the overall stream value (Tsetsos et al. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(24), 9659-9664, 2012). It is also well known that attentional mechanisms influence how people process information. However, it is unknown how attentional factors impact value judgements of integrated material...
May 25, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546436/quantifying-wheat-sensitivities-to-environmental-constraints-to-dissect-g-x-e-in-the-field
#13
Boris Parent, Julien Bonneau, Lance Maphosa, Alex Kovalchuk, Peter Langridge, Delphine Fleury
Yield is subject to strong Genotype by Environment interactions (G x E) in the field, especially under abiotic constraints such as soil water deficit (Drought, D) and high temperature (Heat, H). Since environmental conditions show strong fluctuations during the whole crop cycle, geneticists usually do not consider the environmental measures as quantitative variables, but rather as factors in multi-environment analyses. Based on 11 experiments in a field platform with contrasted temperature and soil water deficit, we determined the periods of sensitivity to drought and heat constraints in wheat (Triticum aestivum L...
May 25, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546229/mir-182-5p-improves-the-viability-mitosis-migration-and-invasion-ability-of-human-gastric-cancer-cells-by-down-regulating-rab27a
#14
Yuling Li, Shudong Chen, Zhengfei Shan, Liyan Bi, Shengqiang Yu, Yongwei Li, Sen Xu
We investigated the effect of miR-182-5p on the viability, proliferation, invasion and migration ability of human gastric cells by regulating the expression of RAB27A. Real-time PCR assay was used to detect the expression of miR-182-5 and RAB27A in human gastric carcinoma tissues, para-carcinoma tissues and different cell lines. Western blotting was also used to determine the RAB27A expression in both tissues and cell lines. We chose the HGC-27 cell line as experiment subject as it demonstrated the highest miR-182-5p level...
May 25, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545798/sleep-disturbances-in-fibromyalgia-a-meta-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#15
REVIEW
Yu-Lin Wu, Ling-Yin Chang, Hsin-Chien Lee, Su-Chen Fang, Pei-Shan Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbances are common in fibromyalgia, but the features of sleep disturbances are not well understood. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of case-control studies to compare the sleep outcomes of individuals with fibromyalgia and healthy controls. METHODS: We systematically searched eight databases (PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, Airiti Library and Wanfang Data) for articles published before April 2016...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545739/-health-impact-assessment-methodology-for-urban-planning-projects-in-andalusia-spain
#16
Luis A Moya-Ruano, Ana Candau-Bejarano, Francisco J Rodríguez-Rasero, Josefa Ruiz-Fernández, José Vela-Ríos
OBJECTIVE: To describe the tool developed in Andalusia (Spain) to conduct an analysis and prospective assessment of health impacts from urban planning projects as well as the process followed to design it. METHOD: On the one hand, direct and indirect relationships between urban setting and health were identified in light of the best scientific evidence available; and, on the other hand, methods and tools in impact assessment were reviewed. After the design of the tool, it was tested via both internal and external validation processes (meetings, workshops and interviews with key informants)...
May 22, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545613/self-efficacy-in-prosthetics-orthotics-students-who-did-and-did-not-participate-in-short-term-study-abroad-programs-preliminary-results
#17
Goeran Fiedler, Uta Kremer
It is conventional knowledge that travel is educational and that a study stay in a foreign country contributes to a student's personality formation and well-roundedness. The benefit of such experiences on attitudes that shape professional aptitude and career success may, however, be debated. It could be argued that exposure to experiences that are irrelevant to a student's chosen profession may have no sizeable impact - thus not justifying the invested time and money - or, in an extreme case, may even be detrimental to career success if the wrong conclusions are drawn...
April 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545508/open-label-versus-double-blind-placebo-treatment-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Sarah Ballou, Ted J Kaptchuk, William Hirsch, Judy Nee, Johanna Iturrino, Kathryn T Hall, John M Kelley, Vivian Cheng, Irving Kirsch, Eric Jacobson, Lisa Conboy, Anthony Lembo, Roger B Davis
BACKGROUND: Placebo medications, by definition, are composed of inactive ingredients that have no physiological effect on symptoms. Nonetheless, administration of placebo in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and in clinical settings has been demonstrated to have significant impact on many physical and psychological complaints. Until recently, conventional wisdom has suggested that patients must believe that placebo pills actually contain (or, at least, might possibly contain) active medication in order to elicit a response to placebo...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545498/feasibility-of-a-systematic-comprehensive-one-to-one-training-scoot-program-for-new-scooter-users-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial
#19
W Ben Mortenson, Sharon Jang, Charlie H Goldsmith, Laura Hurd Clarke, Sandra Hobson, Richelle Emery
BACKGROUND: Mobility scooters can facilitate community participation among individuals with mobility limitations. However, accidents are a serious concern with scooter use. Scooter training has been recommended to improve safety, but there are currently few validated programs available. Therefore, we developed a Systematic, Comprehensive, One-to-One Training (SCOOT) program for scooter users. We will conduct a study to evaluate the outcomes produced by the provision SCOOT. METHODS: This feasibility study will use a mixed-methods, rater-blinded, randomized control trial, with a two-step wedge design...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545323/an-efficient-phosphorus-scavenging-from-aqueous-solution-using-magnesiothermally-modified-bio-calcite
#20
Munir Ahmad, Mahtab Ahmad, Adel R A Usman, Abdullah S Al-Faraj, Yong Sik Ok, Qaiser Hussain, Adel Abduljabbar, Mohammad I Al-Wabel
The excessive discharge of phosphorus (P) from sewage treatment plants and runoff from agricultural fields is causing a rapid contamination of water resources worldwide. Several materials have been evaluated for the removal of excess P from waste supplies, but designing a cost-effective and environmental friendly substrate is essential for the efficient P removal. In this study, bio-calcite (BC) derived from waste hen eggshell was subjected to thermal treatments (CBC). The BC and CBC further modified via magnesiothermal treatments to produced MBC and MCBC, respectively, and evaluated as a novel green sorbent for P removal from aqueous solutions...
May 26, 2017: Environmental Technology
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