keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

NE

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212790/the-echinococcoses-diagnosis-clinical-management-and-burden-of-disease
#1
P Kern, A Menezes da Silva, O Akhan, B Müllhaupt, K A Vizcaychipi, C Budke, D A Vuitton
The echinococcoses are chronic, parasitic diseases that are acquired after ingestion of infective taeniid tapeworm eggs from certain species of the genus Echinococcus. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) occurs worldwide, whereas, alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is restricted to the northern hemisphere, and neotropical echinococcosis (NE) has only been identified in Central and South America. Clinical manifestations and disease courses vary profoundly for the different species of Echinococcus. CE presents as small to large cysts, and has commonly been referred to as 'hydatid disease', or 'hydatidosis'...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208480/transverse-vibration-of-nematic-elastomer-timoshenko-beams
#2
Dong Zhao, Ying Liu, Chuang Liu
Being a rubber-like liquid crystalline elastomer, a nematic elastomer (NE) is anisotropic viscoelastic, and displays dynamic soft elasticity. In this paper, the transverse vibration of a NE Timoshenko beam is studied based on the linear viscoelasticity theory of nematic elastomers. The governing equation of motion for the transverse vibration of a NE Timoshenko beam is derived. A complex modal analysis method is used to obtain the natural frequencies and decrement coefficients of NE beams. The influences of the nematic director rotation, the rubber relaxation time, and the director rotation time on the vibration characteristic of NE Timoshenko beams are discussed in detail...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207627/letter-to-the-editor-regarding-oyewumi-m-wolter-ne-heon-e-gordon-ka-papsin-bc-cushing-sl-using-balance-function-to-screen-for-vestibular-impairment-in-children-with-sensorineural-hearing-loss-and-cochlear-implants
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207173/sensitivity-analysis-of-effective-population-size-to-demographic-parameters-in-house-sparrow-populations
#4
Marlene Waege Stubberud, Ane Marlene Myhre, Håkon Holand, Thomas Kvalnes, Thor Harald Ringsby, Bernt-Erik Saether, Henrik Jensen
The ratio between the effective and the census population size, Ne/N, is an important measure of the long-term viability and sustainability of a population. Understanding which demographic processes that affect Ne/N most will improve our understanding of how genetic drift and the probability of fixation of alleles is affected by demography. This knowledge may also be of vital importance in management of endangered populations and species. Here, we use data from 13 natural populations of house sparrow (Passer domesticus) in Norway to calculate the demographic parameters that determine Ne/N...
February 16, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205081/-%C3%A2-ne-nous-engageons-point-dans-les-querelles-%C3%A2-a-project-for-never-ending-war
#5
Kate E Tunstall
This article considers the extent to which a quarrel might be a strategic activity for a writer or philosopher making a bid for posterity. Inveterate quarrellers like Voltaire or Rousseau come to mind, but the case to be examined here is the far less straightforward case of Diderot and in particular the stance of 'accidental quarreller' that he fabricates in his Essai sur les règnes de Claude et de Néron et sur les moeurs et les écrits de Sénèque pour servir à l'introduction de la lecture de ce philosophe (1782), the last work he published in his lifetime...
December 2016: Revue de Synthèse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204868/specific-vicariance-of-two-primeval-lowland-forest-lichen-indicators
#6
Dariusz Kubiak, Piotr Osyczka
To date, the lichens Chrysothrix candelaris and Varicellaria hemisphaerica have been classified as accurate primeval lowland forest indicators. Both inhabit particularly valuable remnants of oak-hornbeam forests in Europe, but tend toward a specific kind of vicariance on a local scale. The present study was undertaken to determine habitat factors responsible for this phenomenon and verify the indicative and conservation value of these lichens. The main spatial and climatic parameters that, along with forest structure, potentially affect their distribution patterns and abundance were analysed in four complexes with typical oak-hornbeam stands in NE Poland...
February 15, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202548/neutrophil-elastase-regulates-emergency-myelopoiesis-preceding-systemic-inflammation-in-diet-induced-obesity
#7
Jun-Yuan Huang, Qiong Lin Zhou, Chun-Hong Huang, Ye Song, Andria G Sharma, Zhangping Liao, Kavin Zhu, Miles W Massidda, Ryan R Jamieson, Jun-Yuan Zhang, Daniel G Tenen, Zhen Y Jiang
Inflammation plays a significant role in the development of obesity-related complications, but the molecular events that initiate and propagate such inflammation remain unclear. Here, we report that mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for as short as one to three days show increased myeloid progenitors differentiation into neutrophils and monocytes but reduced B lymphocyte production in the bone marrow (BM). Levels of neutrophil elastase (NE) and the nuclear factors CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPα) and growth factor independent 1 (GFI-1) are elevated in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) from HFD-fed mice, but mice lacking either NE or C/EBPα are resistant to HFD-induced myelopoiesis...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202386/paraquat-and-maneb-co-exposure-induces-noradrenergic-locus-coeruleus-neurodegeneration-through-nadph-oxidase-mediated-microglial-activation
#8
Liyan Hou, Cong Zhang, Ke Wang, Xiaofang Liu, Hongwei Wang, Yuning Che, Fuqiang Sun, Xueying Zhou, Xiulan Zhao, Qingshan Wang
Co-exposure to paraquat (PQ) and maneb (Mb) has been shown to increase the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) and dopaminergic (DA) neurodegeneration in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) is observed in PQ and Mb-treated experimental animals. The loss of noradrenergic locus coeruleus (LC/NE) neurons in brainstem is a common feature shared by multiple neurodegenerative diseases, including PD. However, whether PQ and Mb is able to damage LC/NE neurons remains undefined. In this study, mice treated with combined PQ and Mb displayed progressive LC/NE neurodegeneration...
February 12, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194646/nanoemulsion-thermoreversible-pluronic-f127-based-hydrogel-containing-hyptis-pectinata-lamiaceae-leaf-essential-oil-produced-a-lasting-anti-hyperalgesic-effect-in-chronic-noninflammatory-widespread-pain-in-mice
#9
Lucindo J Quintans-Júnior, Renan G Brito, Jullyana S S Quintans, Priscila L Santos, Zaine T Camargo, Péricles A Barreto, Maria F Arrigoni-Blank, Waldecy Lucca-Júnior, Luciana Scotti, Marcus T Scotti, Sandra J Kolker, Kathleen A Sluka
We evaluated if a nanostructured thermoreversible Pluronic F127-based hydrogel incorporated with Hyptis pectinata leaf essential oil (NE-EOH) produces a long-lasting anti-hyperalgesic effect on chronic muscle pain in an animal model. We induced chronic muscle pain by injecting the gastrocnemius with saline injections. Paw and muscle withdrawal thresholds and motor performance were evaluated after treatment and compared with morphine, diazepam, or vehicle. Naloxone and methysergide administration tested the involvement of opioid and serotonin receptors, respectively...
February 13, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194370/peptide-agonists-of-vasopressin-v2-receptor-reduce-expression-of-neuroendocrine-markers-and-tumor-growth-in-human-lung-and-prostate-tumor-cells
#10
Marina Pifano, Juan Garona, Carla S Capobianco, Nazareno Gonzalez, Daniel F Alonso, Giselle V Ripoll
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) comprise a heterogeneous group of malignancies that express neuropeptides as synaptophysin, chromogranin A (CgA), and specific neuronal enolase (NSE), among others. Vasopressin (AVP) is a neuropeptide with an endocrine, paracrine, and autocrine effect in normal and pathological tissues. AVP receptors are present in human lung, breast, pancreatic, colorectal, and gastrointestinal tumors. While AVP V1 receptors are associated with stimulation of cellular proliferation, AVP V2 receptor (V2r) is related to antiproliferative effects...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193508/renal-sympathetic-stimulation-and-ablation-affect-ventricular-arrhythmia-by-modulating-autonomic-activity-in-a-cesium-induced-long-qt-canine-model
#11
Lilei Yu, Bing Huang, Xiaoya Zhou, Songyun Wang, Zhuo Wang, Menglong Wang, Xuefei Li, Liping Zhou, Guannan Meng, Shenxu Yuan, Yuhong Wang, Hong Jiang
BACKGROUND: Our previous studies have shown that renal sympathetic stimulation (RS) may facilitate ischemic ventricular arrhythmia (VA) by increasing left stellate ganglion (LSG) nerve activity, while renal sympathetic ablation (RA) may suppress VA. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether renal sympathetic interventions could also affect VA by modulating LSG activity in a cesium-induced long QT canine model. METHODS: Twenty-four dogs were randomly divided into RS group (n=8), RA group (n=8), and control group (n=8)...
February 10, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193282/preoperative-embolization-in-patients-with-metastatic-spinal-cord-compression-mandatory-or-optional
#12
Chul Gie Hong, Jae Hwan Cho, Dae Chul Suh, Chang Ju Hwang, Dong-Ho Lee, Choon Sung Lee
BACKGROUND: The contribution of preoperative embolization in reducing intraoperative blood loss and its clinical importance are unclear. So, we aimed to compare the perioperative clinical outcomes based on whether preoperative embolization was performed and assess the role and safety of preoperative embolization in metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) patients. METHODS: We enrolled 52 patients (men, 37; women, 15) who underwent palliative decompression for MSCC...
February 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192517/neutrophils-and-neutrophil-serine-proteases-are-increased-in-the-spleens-of-estrogen-treated-c57bl-6-mice-and-several-strains-of-spontaneous-lupus-prone-mice
#13
Rujuan Dai, Catharine Cowan, Bettina Heid, Deena Khan, Zhihong Liang, Christine T N Pham, S Ansar Ahmed
Estrogen, a natural immunomodulator, regulates the development and function of diverse immune cell types. There is now renewed attention on neutrophils and neutrophil serine proteases (NSPs) such as neutrophil elastase (NE), proteinase 3 (PR3), and cathepsin G (CG) in inflammation and autoimmunity. In this study, we found that although estrogen treatment significantly reduced total splenocytes number, it markedly increased the splenic neutrophil absolute numbers in estrogen-treated C57BL/6 (B6) mice when compared to placebo controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190701/parental-perception-and-factors-associated-with-treatment-strategies-for-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#14
Thomson T Tai, Brent T Tai, Yu-Jun Chang, Kuo-Hsuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the factors influencing parents seeking reasonable managements for their child and their overall outlook toward primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 93 children with PNE from enuresis clinics and requested their parents to complete questionnaires regarding their child's medical history and behavior, their methods for coping with PNE, and their perception of enuresis. Logistic regression models were applied to investigate factors influencing the parents to adopt a positive approach toward enuresis and to subsequently seek a medical consultation...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190469/proanthocyanidins-from-vitis-vinifera-inhibit-oxidative-stress-induced-vascular-impairment-in-pulmonary-arteries-from-diabetic-rats
#15
Christian Pinna, Paolo Morazzoni, Angelo Sala
BACKGROUND: Vitis vinifera L. (grape seed extract) is a natural source of proanthocyanidins with antioxidant and free radical-scavenging activities. HYPOTHESIS: Grape seed extract supplementation may prevent vascular endothelium impairment associated with diabetes mellitus in rat pulmonary artery. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated endothelial function of rat pulmonary artery ex-vivo at the intermediate stage (4 weeks) of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes mellitus...
February 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188354/simultaneous-extraction-and-determination-of-monoamine-neurotransmitters-in-human-urine-for-clinical-routine-testing-based-on-a-dual-functional-solid-phase-extraction-assisted-by-phenylboronic-acid-coupled-with-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#16
Xiaoguang Sunny Li, Shu Li, Gottfried Kellermann
The major monoamine neurotransmitters, serotonin (5-HT) and catecholamines (i.e., norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), and dopamine (DA)), are critical to the nervous system function, and imbalances of the neurotransmitters have been connected to a variety of diseases, making their measurement useful in a clinical setting. A simple, rapid, robust, sensitive, and specific LC-MS/MS method has been developed and validated for the simultaneous quantitation of urinary serotonin and catecholamines with low cost, which is ideal for routine clinical applications...
February 10, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186521/diverging-effects-of-isotopic-fractionation-upon-molecular-diffusion-of-noble-gases-in-water-mechanistic-insights-through-ab-initio-molecular-dynamics-simulations
#17
Halua Pinto de Magalhães, Matthias S Brennwald, Rolf Kipfer
Atmospheric noble gases are routinely used as natural tracers to analyze gas transfer processes in aquatic systems. Their isotopic ratios can be employed to discriminate between different physical transport mechanisms by comparison to the unfractionated atmospheric isotope composition. In many applications of aquatic systems molecular diffusion was thought to cause a mass dependent fractionation of noble gases and their isotopes according to the square root ratio of their masses. However, recent experiments focusing on isotopic fractionation within a single element challenged this broadly accepted assumption...
February 10, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185984/hydrogen-sulfide-in-paraventricular-nucleus-attenuates-blood-pressure-by-regulating-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-cytokines-in-high-salt-induced-hypertension
#18
Yan-Feng Liang, Dong-Dong Zhang, Xiao-Jing Yu, Hong-Li Gao, Kai-Li Liu, Jie Qi, Hong-Bao Li, Qiu-Yue Yi, Wen-Sheng Chen, Wei Cui, Guo-Qing Zhu, Yu-Ming Kang
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an important gaseous signaling molecule in neuro-modulation, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-hypertensive effects. The paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is a major integrative nucleus in regulating BP and SNA. The aim of this study is to explore whether endogenous or exogenous H2S changed by hydroxylamine hydrochloride (HA) or GYY4137 infused in the PVN affects RSNA and MAP by regulating oxidative stress or the balance between pro-inflammatory cytokines (PICs) and anti-inflammatory cytokines in high salt-induced hypertensive rats...
February 6, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182737/study-on-the-introgression-of-beef-breeds-in-canchim-cattle-using-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-markers
#19
Marcos Eli Buzanskas, Ricardo Vieira Ventura, Tatiane Cristina Seleguim Chud, Priscila Arrigucci Bernardes, Daniel Jordan de Abreu Santos, Luciana Correia de Almeida Regitano, Maurício Mello de Alencar, Maurício de Alvarenga Mudadu, Ricardo Zanella, Marcos Vinícius Gualberto Barbosa da Silva, Changxi Li, Flavio Schramm Schenkel, Danísio Prado Munari
The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of introgression of breeds in the Canchim (CA: 62.5% Charolais-37.5% Zebu) and MA genetic group (MA: 65.6% Charolais-34.4% Zebu) cattle using genomic information on Charolais (CH), Nelore (NE), and Indubrasil (IB) breeds. The number of animals used was 395 (CA and MA), 763 (NE), 338 (CH), and 37 (IB). The Bovine50SNP BeadChip from Illumina panel was used to estimate the levels of introgression of breeds considering the Maximum likelihood, Bayesian, and Single Regression method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181587/using-information-of-relatives-in-genomic-prediction-to-apply-effective-stratified-medicine
#20
S Hong Lee, W M Shalanee P Weerasinghe, Naomi R Wray, Michael E Goddard, Julius H J van der Werf
Genomic prediction shows promise for personalised medicine in which diagnosis and treatment are tailored to individuals based on their genetic profiles for complex diseases. We present a theoretical framework to demonstrate that prediction accuracy can be improved by targeting more informative individuals in the data set used to generate the predictors ("discovery sample") to include those with genetically close relationships with the subjects put forward for risk prediction. Increase of prediction accuracy from closer relationships is achieved under an additive model and does not rely on any family or interaction effects...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
96037
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"