keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Transcranial sonography

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892260/bedsided-transcranial-sonographic-monitoring-for-expansion-and-progression-of-subdural-hematoma-compared-to-computed-tomography
#1
Wolf-Dirk Niesen, Michael Rosenkranz, Cornelius Weiller
Introduction: Transcranial high-resolution ultrasonography reliably allows diagnosis and monitoring of intracerebral hemorrhage in adults. Sonographic monitoring of subdural hematoma (SDH) has not been evaluated in adults so far. This study investigates the reliability of transcranial gray-scale sonography (TGS) in monitoring acute and chronic SDH in adults. Methods: TGS was performed in 47 consecutive patients with either acute or chronic SDH confirmed by cerebral CT...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868878/dynamic-changes-in-white-matter-hyperintensities-in-reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome
#2
Shih-Pin Chen, Kun-Hsien Chou, Jong-Ling Fuh, Yi-Hua Huang, Chu-Chung Huang, Jiing-Feng Lirng, Yen-Feng Wang, Ching-Po Lin, Shuu-Jiun Wang
Importance: White matter hyperintense lesions (WMHs) are highly prevalent in patients with reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS); however, their characteristics and underlying pathophysiology are unclear. Objective: To investigate the spatiotemporal distribution and pathomechanisms of WMHs in patients with RCVS. Design, Setting, and Participants: We prospectively recruited patients with RCVS over a 3-year period from January 2010 through December 2012 from the headache center or emergency department of Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, a 2947-bed national medical center...
June 4, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803902/cerebral-blood-flow-modulations-during-cognitive-control-in-major-depressive-disorder
#3
Alexandra Hoffmann, Casandra I Montoro, Gustavo A Reyes Del Paso, Stefan Duschek
BACKGROUND: This study investigated cerebral blood flow modulations during proactive and reactive cognitive control in major depressive disorder (MDD). Proactive control refers to preparatory processes during anticipation of a behaviorally relevant event; reactive control is activated after such an event to ensure goal attainment. METHODS: Using functional transcranial Doppler sonography, blood flow velocities in the middle cerebral arteries of both hemispheres were recorded in 40 MDD patients and 40 healthy controls during a precued Stroop task...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770267/role-of-noninvasive-imaging-of-cerebral-arterial-system-in-ischemic-stroke-comparison-of-transcranial-color-coded-doppler-sonography-with-magnetic-resonance-angiography
#4
Betty Simon, Sunithi Elizabeth Mani, Shyamkumar Nidugala Keshava, Mathew Alexander, Sanjith Aaron
Aim: To determine the accuracy of transcranial color-coded Doppler sonography (TCCS) in the evaluation of cerebral arterial system in patients with ischemic stroke attending a tertiary care hospital in South India. Objectives: (1) To describe the topographical distribution of atherosclerotic lesions in the cerebral circulation in patients presenting with ischemic stroke from the Indian subcontinent and (2) to determine the accuracy of TCCS for detection and quantification of intracranial stenoses in various segments of the intracerebral arterial system in comparison with magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)...
2018: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756356/neuroimaging-abnormalities-in-individuals-exhibiting-parkinson-s-disease-risk-markers
#5
Marcus Heldmann, Janna Heeren, Christine Klein, Linus Rauch, Johann Hagenah, Thomas F Münte, Meike Kasten, Norbert Brüggemann
BACKGROUND: The concept of prodromal Parkinson's disease (PD) involves variable combinations of nonmotor features and subtle motor abnormalities as a result of ongoing neurodegeneration in the brain stem including substantia nigra (SN) and abnormal findings upon transcranial sonography and nuclear imaging. Except for nuclear imaging, the predictive value of risk markers for the conversion to overt PD is low. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether PD risk markers are associated with changes in brain structure and to what extent cognitive changes are risk markers for PD...
May 14, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727515/microv-technology-to-improve-transcranial-color-coded-doppler-examinations
#6
Giovanni Malferrari, Giuseppe Pulito, Attilia Maria Pizzini, Nicola Carraro, Giorgio Meneghetti, Enzo Sanzaro, Patrizio Prati, Antonio Siniscalchi, Daniela Monaco
The purpose of this review is to provide an update on technology related to Transcranial Color Coded Doppler Examinations. Microvascularization (MicroV) is an emerging Power Doppler technology which can allow visualization of low and weak blood flows even at high depths, thus providing a suitable technique for transcranial ultrasound analysis. With MicroV, reconstruction of the vessel shape can be improved, without any overestimation. Furthermore, by analyzing the Doppler signal, MicroV allows a global image of the Circle of Willis...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687859/clinical-diagnosis-of-cerebral-vasospasm-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-by-using-transcranial-doppler-sonography
#7
D-D Li, J-Y Chang, C-X Zhou, J-B Cui
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnosis of cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) by transcranial Doppler (TCD) sonography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 90 patients with SAH admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery of Weifang People's Hospital from January 2016 to December 2016 were selected. TCD and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were used to diagnose the prevalence of CVS in patients. The severity of disease was evaluated (improved-Fisher grading)...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675634/investigation-of-circle-of-willis-variants-and-hemodynamic-parameters-in-twins-using-transcranial-color-coded-doppler-sonography
#8
Bianka Forgó, Ádám Domonkos Tárnoki, Dávid László Tárnoki, Levente Littvay, Corrado Fagnani, Maria Antonietta Stazi, Giorgio Meneghetti, Emanuela Medda, Filippo Farina, Claudio Baracchini
Morphological and hemodynamic variations of the circle of Willis (CW) may have an important impact on cerebrovascular events. However, the environmental and genetic influence remains unclear. For this reason we studied the variations and hemodynamic parameters of the CW in twins using transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS). Sixty-four twins, 19 monozygotic (MZ) and 13 dizygotic (DZ) pairs from the Italian Twin Registry (average age 45.0 ± 13.7 years) underwent TCCS and risk factor assessment. We examined CW morphology and recorded peak systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV) and pulsatility index (PI)...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660362/variability-in-cerebral-blood-flow-velocity-at-rest-and-during-mental-stress-in-healthy-individuals-associations-with-cardiovascular-parameters-and-cognitive-performance
#9
Casandra I Montoro, Stefan Duschek, Gustavo A Reyes Del Paso
This study analyzed variability in cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) and possible underlying physiological mechanisms during rest and a mental arithmetic task. Blood flow velocities were bilaterally recorded by transcranial Doppler sonography in the anterior and middle cerebral arteries of 43 participants. Electrocardiography, continuous blood pressure (BP) and respiratory recordings were additionally obtained. Fast Fourier transformation revealed a spectral profile with two main components in CBFV, one in the very low frequency (VLF, 0...
April 13, 2018: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614699/substantia-nigra-echogenicity-associated-with-clinical-subtypes-of-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Hai-Yan Zhou, Pei Huang, Qian Sun, Juan-Juan Du, Shi-Shuang Cui, Yu-Yan Tan, Yun-Yun Hu, Wei-Wei Zhan, Ying Wang, Qin Xiao, Jun Liu, Sheng-Di Chen
BACKGROUND: It is debatable whether transcranial sonography (TCS) could be a biomarker for monitoring disease progression. Various phenotypes of Parkinson's disease (PD) may be a major reason contributing to the inconsistency. OBJECTIVE: We classified PD patients into different subtypes and evaluated the correlation between SN echogenicity and disease progression. METHODS: A total of 411 PD patients were included in this study. TCS evaluations of the substantia nigra (SN) were performed, and motor and non-motor symptoms were assessed by a series of rating scales in all PD patients...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614647/reduced-cerebrovascular-reserve-capacity-as-a-biomarker-of-microangiopathy-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#11
Barbora Soukupova Urbanova, Jaroslava Paulasova Schwabova, Hana Magerova, Petr Jansky, Hana Markova, Martin Vyhnalek, Jan Laczo, Jakub Hort, Ales Tomek
BACKGROUND: Cerebral microangiopathy in Alzheimer's disease (AD) causes chronic hypoperfusion and probably accelerates neurodegenerative changes. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize microvascular impairment could be present already in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and can be revealed using transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS) and the breath-holding maneuver. METHODS: Three groups of subjects (AD in the stage of dementia, MCI, and cognitively normal controls) with detailed neuropsychological testing and low cerebrovascular burden (no history of stroke, no intra- or extracranial artery stenoses, and no severe vascular lesions on brain MRI), underwent a TCCS assessment of peak systolic (PSV), mean flow (MFV), and end diastolic velocities (EDV) and resistance and pulsatility indices (RI, PI) in large intracranial vessels bilaterally...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575385/transcranial-sonography-to-differentiate-primary-intracerebral-hemorrhage-from-cerebral-infarction-with-hemorrhagic-transformation
#12
Wolf-Dirk Niesen, Axel Schläger, Matthias Reinhard, Hannah Fuhrer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The differentiation of primary intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) from parenchymal hemorrhagic transformation within an ischemic infarction (PHI) is crucial in order to adapt therapeutic measures. We hypothesized that a distinction of ICH and PHI can be made at bedside via transcranial gray-scale and perfusion sonography. METHODS: We prospectively included 14 patients with intracranial hemorrhage on admission imaging in this pilot study. Differentiation between ICH and PHI was made either by cerebral magnetic resonance imaging or follow-up computed tomography scan...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551220/contrast-enhanced-color-coded-doppler-sonography-in-moyamoya-disease-a-retrospective-study
#13
Woo-Keun Seo, Chang-Woon Choi, Chi Kyung Kim, Kyungmi Oh
The purpose of this study was to validate the feasibility of contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler sonography (CE-TCCD) in the diagnosis of Moyamoya disease (MMD). CE-TCCD data on patients with MMD were analyzed. The CE-TCCD data were classified qualitatively into four patterns by two independent investigators: normal vascular color Doppler signal (pattern 1), augmented color Doppler signal with identifiable vascular structure (pattern 2), confluent color Doppler signal filling more than two-thirds of the display frame without identifiable vascular structure (pattern 3) and confluent color Doppler signal filling full display (pattern 4)...
June 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503329/neuroimaging-in-parkinsonian-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Madhavi Tripathi, Atin Kumar, Chandrasekhar Bal
Neuroimaging (NI) in Parkinson's disease (PD) includes functional techniques like positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and morphological imaging using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and transcranial sonography to probe different aspects of the neurobiology of PD. Changes in neurotransmitters in various regions of the brain and their influence on brain networks is the basis for the motor symptoms of PD which are interrogated by NI. The recent Movement Disorders Society Clinical Diagnostic Criteria for PD (MDS-PD) have included the results of a few of these neuroimaging techniques to serve as single supportive criteria or absolute exclusion criteria for the diagnosis of PD...
March 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503019/the-assessment-of-diagnostic-accuracy-for-basilar-artery-stenosis-by-transcranial-color-coded-sonography
#15
Jie Yang, Yang Hua, Xiang Li, Mingjie Gao, Qiuping Li, Beibei Liu, Liqun Jiao
This study aimed to determine the optimal criteria for evaluating basilar artery stenosis (BAS) by transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS). A total of 403 cases with both TCCS and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were enrolled. Peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV) and mean flow velocity (MFV) of the basilar artery (BA), intracranial vertebral artery (IVA) and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) were measured. The ratios PSVBA /PSVIVA and PSVBA /PSVPCA were calculated. With DSA as the reference, the optimal criteria for grading BAS were determined by receiver operating characteristic analysis...
May 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492544/a-wearable-transcranial-doppler-ultrasound-phased-array-system
#16
Sabino J Pietrangelo, Hae-Seung Lee, Charles G Sodini
OBJECTIVE:  Practical deficiencies related to conventional transcranial Doppler (TCD) sonography have restricted its use and applicability. This work seeks to mitigate several such constraints through the development of a wearable, electronically steered TCD velocimetry system, which enables noninvasive measurement of cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) for monitoring applications with limited operator interaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A highly-compact, discrete prototype system was designed and experimentally validated through flow phantom and preliminary human subject testing...
2018: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485961/cerebral-function-and-perfusion-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-a-plea-for-a-multimodal-monitoring-approach
#17
Marcus Thudium, Ingo Heinze, Richard K Ellerkmann, Tobias Hilbert
BACKGROUND: Postoperative neurological injury still represents a major cause of morbidity after cardiac surgery. Our objective was to compare the limits as well as advantages of routine monitoring tools for the detection of cerebral function and perfusion deficits during cardiopulmonary bypass in a daily clinical setting. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with use of cardiopulmonary bypass were included. Patients received monitoring comprising Bispectral Index (BIS), Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) and assessment of middle cerebral artery flow velocity (MCAV) using transcranial Doppler (TCD) sonography...
January 31, 2018: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460296/an-exploratory-analysis-of-the-influence-of-personality-and-emotional-factors-on-cerebral-blood-flow-responses-during-painful-stimulation-in-fibromyalgia
#18
Casandra I Montoro Aguilar, Stefan Duschek, Gustavo A Reyes Del Paso
This study explored the influence of certain personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, psychoticism, alexithymia), emotional variables (depression, catastrophizing), and insomnia on cerebral blood flow (CBF) responses to painful stimulation in fibromyalgia, using functional transcranial Doppler sonography. CBF velocities were recorded bilaterally in the anterior cerebral arteries (ACA) and middle cerebral arteries (MCA) of 24 fibromyalgia patients during exposure to two painful pressure conditions: (1) fixed pressure (2...
June 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406916/quantitative-transcranial-sonography-in-wilson-s-disease-and-healthy-controls-cut-off-values-and-functional-correlates
#19
Gotthard G Tribl, Mateus C Trindade, Kelson James Almeida, Rosana Cardoso Alves, Daniel Ciampi de Andrade, Erich T Fonoff, Alexandre A Machado, Manoel J Teixeira, Egberto R Barbosa, Edson Bor-Seng-Shu
To compare transcranial sonography (TCS) findings in patients with predominantly neurological Wilson's disease (WD) to those from controls, and to correlate TCS data with the clinical profile of WD. Patients with WD (n=40/f=18) and healthy, matched controls (n=49/f=20) were assessed in terms of TCS, serum copper and iron parameters, and clinical scales, such as the Unified Wilson's Disease Rating Scale (UWDRS), Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised (ACE-R), Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Beck Depression Inventory...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380907/dopamine-reuptake-transporter-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-and-transcranial-sonography-as-imaging-markers-of-prediagnostic-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Alastair J Noyce, John Dickson, Richard N Rees, Jonathan P Bestwick, Ioannis U Isaias, Marios Politis, Gavin Giovannoni, Thomas T Warner, Andrew J Lees, Anette Schrag
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine whether prediagnostic features of Parkinson's disease (PD) were associated with changes in dopamine reuptake transporter-single-photon emission computed tomography and transcranial sonography. METHODS: Prediagnostic features of PD (risk estimates, University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test, Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder Screening Questionnaire, and finger-tapping scores) were assessed in a large cohort of older U...
March 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
keyword
keyword
96032
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"