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Forensic sexual assault

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902682/suicidal-ideation-among-adults-with-a-recent-sexual-assault-prescription-opioid-use-and-prior-sexual-assault
#1
Amanda K Gilmore, Christine K Hahn, Anna E Jaffe, Kate Walsh, Angela D Moreland, Erin F Ward-Ciesielski
INTRODUCTION: Sexual assault (SA) is common, and recent sexual assault is associated with suicidal ideation and prescription opioid (PO) use. PO use is also associated with increased risk of suicidal ideation. The current study examined suicidal ideation among adults seeking medical and psychological follow-up care after a SA medical forensic examination based on PO use and prior SA. METHODS: Adults (n = 60) who received a SA medical forensic exam at the emergency room within 120 h of a SA were invited to receive medical and psychological follow-up care, which included a questionnaire about current mental health symptoms...
May 31, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862932/prosecutors-perspectives-on-biological-evidence-and-injury-evidence-in-sexual-assault-cases
#2
Megan Alderden, Theodore P Cross, Maja Vlajnic, Laura Siller
Little prior research has explored how prosecutors perceive and utilize biological and injury evidences in sexual assault cases. In this qualitative study, semistructured interviews were conducted with assistant district attorneys (ADAs) working in an urban district attorney's office in the northeastern United States. ADAs were asked to describe how biological and injury evidences could be probative and their strategies for using this evidence. The interviews suggest that prosecutors perceive the probative value of biological and injury evidences on a continuum, varying based on case characteristics...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846776/technical-note-developmental-validation-of-a-novel-6-dye-typing-system-with-36-y-str-loci
#3
Weian Du, Peipei Feng, Hongyan Huang, Weibin Wu, Lei Zhang, Yulin Guo, Changhui Liu, Hong Liu, Chao Liu, Ling Chen
Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) have proven to be very useful in investigating sexual assault cases and in paternity lineage differentiation. However, currently available commercial Y-STR multiplex amplification systems bear the limitations in the identification of related males from the same paternal lineage due to there being an insufficient number of loci in any single amplification kit. The aim of this study was to establish and validate a novel 6-dye, 36-plex Y-STR multiplex amplification system that incorporated all of the loci present in the Yfiler™ Plus kit (DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYF387S1, DYS389I/II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS449, DYS456, DYS458, DYS460, DYS481, DYS518, DYS533, DYS570, DYS576, DYS627, DYS635, Y_GATA_H4) as well as a further nine highly polymorphic Y-STR loci (DYS388, DYS444, DYS447, DYS522, DYS527a/b, DYS549, DYS596, DYS643)...
May 30, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843707/collecting-sexual-assault-history-and-forensic-evidence-from-adult-women-in-the-emergency-department-a-retrospective-study
#4
Pamela Tozzo, Elena Ponzano, Gloria Spigarolo, Patrizia Nespeca, Luciana Caenazzo
BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective study was to examine the discrepancy between information derived from written medical reports and the results of forensic DNA analyses on swabs collected from the victims in 122 cases of alleged sexual assault treated at the Emergency Department of Padua Hospital. The examination of discrepant results has proved useful to support a broader application of sexual assault management, particularly during the taking of case history. METHODS: The Laboratory of Forensic Genetics of Padua University have processed samples from 122 sexual assault cases over a period of 5 years...
May 29, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801945/a-data-model-for-clinical-legal-medicine-practice-and-the-development-of-a-dedicated-software-for-both-practitioners-and-researchers
#5
Catherine Dang, Thomas Phuong, Mahmoud Beddag, Anabel Vega, Céline Denis
OBJECTIVE: To present a data model for clinical legal medicine and the software based on that data model for both practitioners and researchers. The main functionalities of the presented software are computer-assisted production of medical certificates and data capture, storage and retrieval. METHODS: The data model and the software were jointly developed by the department of forensic medicine of the Jean Verdier Hospital (Bondy, France) and an bioinformatics laboratory (LIMICS, Paris universities 6-13) between November 2015 and May 2016...
July 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800935/mental-health-in-sexual-assault-referral-centres-a-survey-of-forensic-physicians
#6
Charlie Brooker, Sheila Paul, Coral Sirdifield
A national survey of Forensic Physicians (FPs) working in Sexual Assault Referral Centres was undertaken. The survey was advertised in the weekly bulletin sent out by the Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. Response was relatively low (n = 45). It is estimated that this figures represents about 12% of the workforce. The aim of the survey was to investigate FPs experience of accessing mental health pathways out of a SARC for complainants of all ages. The results concurred with a previous survey of SARC clinical managers with mental health services proving unresponsive...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797698/an-exceptional-case-of-acute-respiratory-failure-caused-by-intra-thoracic-gastric-perforation-secondary-to-overeating
#7
Alessandro di Luca, Eleonora Ricci, Vincenzo M Grassi, Vincenzo Arena, Antonio Oliva
An 18-year-old female patient arrived at the emergency department complaining of abdominal pain and fullness after a heavy meal. Physical examination revealed she was filthy and cover in feces, and she experienced severe abdominal distension. She died in ED and a diagnostic autopsy examination was requested. At external examination, the pathologist observed a significant dilation of the anal sphincter and suspected sexual assault, thus alerting the Judicial Authority who assigned the case to our department for a forensic autopsy...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797282/male-individualization-using-12-rapidly-mutating-y-strs-in-araein-ethnic-group-and-shared-paternal-lineage-of-pakistani-population
#8
Faqeeha Javed, Sumbal Sumbal, Muhammad Shafique, Ahmad Ali Shahid, Abida Shahzadi, Noshaba Rani, Hira Javid, Madeeha Javed, Noman Gillani, Tayyab Husnain
A multiplex assay has been developed with newly designed primer sets comprising high mutation rate 12 RM Y-STR markers (DYS570, DYF399S1, DYS547, DYS612, DYF387S1, DYS449, DYS576, DYS5626, DYF403S1 (a + b), DYS627, DYS526, and DYF404S1). Rapidly mutating Y-STRs were evaluated in 167 male individuals among 97 were unrelated from Araein ethnic group and 70 belonged to shared paternal lineage including 20 pairs of father-son and 15 pairs of brother-brother relationship collected from Punjabi population of Pakistan...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781971/sexual-assault-nurse-examiner-forensic-examinations-for-immigrant-victims-a-case-study
#9
Amanda Payne
This case study examines how sexual assault nurse examiners (SANEs) in the United States are in a unique position to provide valuable medical forensic documentation for immigrant victims. In addition to providing evidence to solve crimes domestically, SANEs may help victims of persecution and human rights violations receive legally protected immigration status. Incorporating The Istanbul Protocol into practice provides SANEs with a tool to advocate for and protect the rights of immigrant victims both domestically and abroad...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779459/the-role-of-control-in-intimate-partner-violence-a-study-in-dutch-forensic-outpatients
#10
Bruno Verschuere, Joan van Horn, Nannet Buitelaar
Johnson argued that coercive control is crucial in explaining heterogeneity in intimate partner violence, with such violence being more frequent, less reciprocal, and more often male-to-female aggression when it serves to exercise control over the partner. We assessed 280 Dutch forensic outpatients who had recently engaged in intimate partner violence on nonaggressive coercive control. Control showed significant, small to moderate, associations with more frequent past year acts of psychological aggression, physical assault, and sexual coercion and more frequently resulted in partner injury...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777425/the-use-of-hiv-post-exposure-prophylaxis-in-forensic-medicine-following-incidents-of-sexual-violence-in-hamburg-germany-a-retrospective-study
#11
Julia Ebert, Jan Peter Sperhake, Olaf Degen, Ann Sophie Schröder
In Hamburg, Germany, the initiation of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (HIV PEP) in cases of sexual violence is often carried out by forensic medical specialists (FMS) using the city's unique Hamburg Model. FMS-provided three-day HIV PEP starter packs include a combination of raltegravir and emtricitabine/tenofovir. This study aimed to investigate the practice of offering HIV PEP, reasons for discontinuing treatment, patient compliance, and whether or not potential perpetrators were tested for HIV. We conducted a retrospective study of forensic clinical examinations carried out by the Hamburg Department of Legal Medicine following incidents of sexual violence from 2009 to 2016...
May 18, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775922/acid-phosphatase-test-on-phadebas-%C3%A2-sheets-an-optimized-method-for-presumptive-saliva-and-semen-detection
#12
Yael Herman, Ilan Feine, Ron Gafny
The precise and efficient detection of semen and saliva in sexual assault case-work items is a critical step in the forensic pipeline. The outcome of this stage may have a profound impact on identifying perpetrators as well as on the investigation process and the final outcome in court. Semen detection is usually based on the activity of acid phosphatase (AP), an enzyme found in high concentration in the seminal plasma. Amylase, an enzyme catalyzing starch hydrolysis is found in high concentrations in saliva and therefore is a useful target for its detection...
April 30, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775169/outcry-consistency-and-prosecutorial-decisions-in-child-sexual-abuse-cases
#13
Tammy E Bracewell
This study examines the correlation between the consistency in a child's sexual abuse outcry and the prosecutorial decision to accept or reject cases of child sexual abuse. Case-specific information was obtained from one Texas Children's Advocacy Center on all cases from 2010 to 2013. After the needed deletion, the total number of cases included in the analysis was 309. An outcry was defined as a sexual abuse disclosure. Consistency was measured at both the forensic interview and the sexual assault exam. Logistic regression was used to evaluate whether a correlation existed between disclosure and prosecutorial decisions...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753971/development-and-validation-of-an-hplc-ms-ms-method-for-the-detection-of-ketamine-in-calliphora-vomitoria-l-diptera-calliphoridae
#14
Paola A Magni, Marco Pazzi, Jessica Droghi, Marco Vincenti, Ian R Dadour
Entomotoxicology is a branch of forensic entomology that studies the detection of drugs or other toxic substances from insects developing on the decomposing tissues of a human corpse or animal carcass. Entomotoxicology also investigates the effects of these substances on insect development, survival and morphology to provide an estimation of the minimum time since death. Ketamine is a medication mainly used for starting and maintaining anesthesia. In recent years ketamine has also been used as a recreational drug, and occasionally as a sedating drug to facilitate sexual assault...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738993/investigating-drug-facilitated-sexual-assault-at-a-dedicated-forensic-centre-in-cape-town-south-africa
#15
Marianne Tiemensma, Bronwen Davies
BACKGROUND: Drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) is a well-recognised public health concern. In South Africa however, epidemiological and toxicological data associated with suspected DFSA are not available. Toxicological screening is currently not routinely available in clinical forensic practice in the Western Cape, or elsewhere in South Africa. OBJECTIVES: To preliminary investigate and characterize DFSA in a specific metropolitan setting in South Africa and to identify the drugs/xenobiotics associated with these reported DFSAs...
April 23, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713294/characteristics-and-pathways-of-long-stay-patients-in-high-and-medium-secure-settings-in-england-a-secondary-publication-from-a-large-mixed-methods-study
#16
Birgit A Völlm, Rachel Edworthy, Nick Huband, Emily Talbot, Shazmin Majid, Jessica Holley, Vivek Furtado, Tim Weaver, Ruth McDonald, Conor Duggan
Background: Many patients experience extended stays within forensic care, but the characteristics of long-stay patients are poorly understood. Aims: To describe the characteristics of long-stay patients in high and medium secure settings in England. Method: Detailed file reviews provided clinical, offending and risk data for a large representative sample of 401 forensic patients from 2 of the 3 high secure settings and from 23 of the 57 medium secure settings in England on 1 April 2013. The threshold for long-stay status was defined as 5 years in medium secure care or 10 years in high secure care, or 15 years in a combination of high and medium secure settings...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705584/time-since-intercourse-tsi-data-from-a-large-scale-casework-study-of-penile-vaginal-penetration-allegations-using-sperm-elution%C3%A2-%C3%A2
#17
R Owers, G Davidson, A McDonald, R Morgan, P O'Rourke
Time since intercourse (TSI) expectations are dependent on the method used to recover spermatozoa from vaginal swabs. TSI data following Sperm Elution™ is presented from a large scale study of 2269 cases of penile-vaginal penetration sexual assault allegations analysed by Cellmark Forensic Services and is compared to published TSI data generated using two different water-based elution methods Sperm Elution recovered spermatozoa in 32% of cases analysed where the alleged offence had occurred 3-4 days previously, significantly above the level detected using other elution methods...
April 14, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697523/stigmatization-of-overweight-and-obese-women-during-forensic-examinations
#18
Karis M Davis, L Kathleen Sekula
Stigma and discrimination toward overweight and obese people pose consequences to their psychological and physical health. In the United States, overweight and obesity and affects over 34% of the population. This frequently ignored public health issue often sees overweight and obese individuals blamed for their weight, thereby justifying the bias. During a post-sexual-assault examination, sexual assault nurse examiners and other forensic examiners must be cognizant of the specific issues and challenges related to the care of these victims...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685299/the-introduction-of-forensic-advisors-in-belgium-and-their-role-in-the-criminal-justice-system
#19
Sonja Bitzer, Laetitia Heudt, Aurélie Barret, Lore George, Karolien Van Dijk, Fabrice Gason, Bertrand Renard
Forensic advisors (FA) at the National Institute for Criminalistics and Criminology (NICC), generalists in forensic science, act as an advising body to the magistrate to improve communication between the various parties involved in the investigation: magistrate, police and crime scene investigators, and forensic experts. Their role is manifold, but their main objectives are to optimise trace processing by selecting the most pertinent traces in the context of the case and by advising magistrates on the feasibility of forensic analyses in particular circumstances in regards to the latest technical advances...
May 2018: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618539/sexsomnia-as-a-defense-in-repeated-sex-crimes
#20
Amir Mohebbi, Brian J Holoyda, William J Newman
Sexsomnia and related sexual behaviors during sleep may be diagnosed in individuals accused of sex crimes. Although sexsomnia is now formally recognized in the DSM-5, the variable presentation of such behaviors and the possibility of malingering in medicolegal situations can cause challenges for forensic evaluators and legal professionals alike. Review of the literature reveals a paucity of cases involving allegations of repeated incidents due to abnormal sexual behaviors or experiences in sleep. It is important for experts involved in such cases to understand how the courts have responded to sexsomnia defenses involving diverse alleged incidents...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
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