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Head and Neck AND cancer AND nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327968/subjective-and-objective-taste-and-smell-changes-in-cancer
#1
L E Spotten, C A Corish, C M Lorton, P M Ui Dhuibhir, N C O'Donoghue, B O'Connor, T D Walsh
Context: Malnutrition is highly prevalent in cancer patients and an important predictor of morbidity, mortality, treatment response and toxicity. Taste and smell changes (TSCs) are common and may contribute to malnutrition. Research has previously focused on patients receiving chemotherapy (CT) or head and neck radiotherapy (RT). However, TSCs may occur pre-treatment, with other treatment modalities, and in cancer survivors. This review evaluates objective and subjective assessment of taste and smell, discusses the prevalence of TSCs in cancer, and reviews the clinical sequelae of TSCs in cancer patients...
March 7, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301959/utility-of-clinico-biological-data-for-long-term-prognosis-of-head-and-neck-terminal-cancer
#2
Taiji Kawasaki, Koichiro Wasano, Sayuri Yamamoto, Shuta Tomisato, Kaoru Ogawa
OBJECTIVE: The prognosis of terminal head and neck cancer is traditionally determined using indices such as the palliative prognosis index. We aimed to develop an alternative prognosis index using clinico-biological data. METHODS: This retrospective case-series study included 33 head and neck cancer patients whose cancer recurred despite receiving radiation therapy between April 2010 and April 2014. Clinico-biological data were collected the day patients were diagnosed as terminal...
March 16, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287323/relationship-between-the-comprehensive-nutritional-index-and-the-eortc-qlq-h-n35-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-patients-treated-with-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy
#3
Yan He, Liping Chen, Linmin Chen, Wen Hu, Cong Wang, Linquan Tang, Haiqiang Mai, Jianmei Li, Liping Wu, Yuying Fan
This study aimed to explore the relationship between the comprehensive nutritional index (CNI) and quality of life in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients receiving intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). The nutritional index, which includes total lymphocyte count, hemoglobin and albumin levels, body mass index, and usual body weight percentage, was evaluated pre-treatment and post-treatment in patients who underwent IMRT. The quality of life of NPC patients was measured by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Head and Neck Cancer Module (EORTC QLQ-H&N35) at four time points: pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 3 and 6 mo after IMRT...
April 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287316/association-between-preoperative-nutritional-status-and-postoperative-outcome-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#4
John S L Leung, Alfred Seto, George K H Li
Head and neck cancer patients treated with surgery often experience significant postoperative morbidities. Administering preoperative nutritional intervention may improve surgical outcomes, but there is currently a paucity of data reviewing the association between preoperative nutritional status and postoperative outcome. It is therefore of importance to investigate this association among head and neck cancer patients. To assess the association between preoperative nutritional status and postoperative outcome in head and neck cancer patients treated with surgery, a retrospective study of 70 head and neck cancer patients who were surgically treated between 2013 and 2014 in a tertiary referral head and neck surgery center in Hong Kong was conducted...
April 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247128/the-self-care-practices-of-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-poor-prognosis-cancer-differences-by-varying-levels-of-caregiver-well-being-and-preparedness
#5
J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Richard A Taylor, Gabrielle B Rocque, Andres Azuero, Aras Acemgil, Michelle Y Martin, Meka Astin, Deborah Ejem, Elizabeth Kvale, Karen Heaton, Maria Pisu, Edward E Partridge, Marie A Bakitas
PURPOSE: Little is known about the impact of family caregiving for adults with poor prognosis cancer on caregivers' own individual self-care practices. We explored differences in caregivers' discrete self-care practices associated with varying levels of caregiver well-being, preparedness, and decision-making self-efficacy. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey within eight community-based southeastern U.S. cancer centers was conducted. Family caregivers of Medicare beneficiaries ≥65 years with pancreatic, lung, brain, ovarian, head and neck, hematologic, or stage IV cancer completed measures of individual self-care practices (health responsibility, physical activity, nutrition, spiritual growth, interpersonal relations, stress management, and sleep), well-being (anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life [HRQoL]), preparedness, and decision-making self-efficacy...
March 1, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244575/pharyngeal-residue-and-aspiration-and-the-relationship-with-clinical-nutritional-status-of-patients-with-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-submitted-to-videofluoroscopy
#6
D L Oliveira, E A M Moreira, M B de Freitas, J de A Gonçalves, A M Furkim, P Clavé
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the videofluoroscopic (VFS) signs of impaired efficacy (pharyngeal residue) and safety (aspiration) swallowing and the clinical/nutritional status of patients with suspect of dysphagia. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with patients submitted to videofluoroscopy. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data of 76 patients were analyzed between March 2011 and December 2014...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244415/a-randomized-phase-2-trial-of-prophylactic-manuka-honey-for-the-reduction-of-chemoradiation-therapy-induced-esophagitis-during-the-treatment-of-lung-cancer-results-of-nrg-oncology-rtog-1012
#7
Shannon E Fogh, Snehal Deshmukh, Lawrence B Berk, Amylou C Dueck, Kevin Roof, Sherif Yacoub, Thomas Gergel, Kevin Stephans, Andreas Rimner, Albert DeNittis, John Pablo, Justin Rineer, Terence M Williams, Deborah Bruner
PURPOSE: Randomized trials have shown that honey is effective for the prevention of radiation-induced mucositis in head and neck cancer patients. Because there is no efficacious preventative for radiation esophagitis in lung cancer patients, this trial compared liquid honey, honey lozenges, and standard supportive care for radiation esophagitis. METHODS: The patients were stratified by percentage of esophagus receiving specific radiation dose (V60 Gy esophagus <30% or ≥30%) and were then randomized between supportive care, 10 mL of liquid manuka honey 4 times a day, and 2 lozenges (10 mL of dehydrated manuka honey) 4 times a day during concurrent chemotherapy and radiation therapy...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241980/rehabilitation-and-nutritional-support-for-sarcopenic-dysphagia-and-tongue-atrophy-after-glossectomy-a-case-report
#8
Nao Hashida, Hiroshi Shamoto, Keisuke Maeda, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Motoyuki Suzuki, Takashi Fujii
Swallowing dysfunction is related to long-term weight loss and reduced body mass index in patients with head and neck cancer. We describe a 76-y-old woman who had severe sarcopenic dysphagia and atrophy of the reconstructed tongue for 17 mo after subtotal glossectomy due to tongue cancer and lost 14 kg during that period. Upon admission, the patient received diagnoses of malnutrition in the context of social or environmental circumstances with insufficient energy intake, loss of muscle mass, localized fluid accumulation, weight loss, and sarcopenia due to reduced skeletal muscle mass (skeletal muscle index <3...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230929/investigation-of-p16-status-chemotherapy-regimen-and-other-nutrition-markers-for-predicting-gastrostomy-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#9
Teresa E Brown, Kym Wittholz, Mandy Way, Merrilyn D Banks, Brett G M Hughes, Charles Y Lin, Lizbeth M Kenny, Judith D Bauer
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine if p16 status, chemotherapy regimen, or other nutrition markers could improve protocol accuracy in predicting proactive gastrostomy in patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: Patients who received curative treatment from July 2010 to June 2011 were included (n = 269). Associations among dependent variables (age, sex, tumor site, staging, treatment, p16 status, albumin, and Malnutrition Screening Tool [MST] score), the protocol risk rating, and requirement for proactive gastrostomy were examined...
February 23, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226414/methylene-blue-for-the-treatment-of-intractable-pain-associated-with-oral-mucositis
#10
Carlos J Roldan, Kent Nouri, Thomas Chai, Billy Huh
Oral mucositis is a common and often debilitating complication among cancer patients receiving radiation therapy to the head and neck or chemotherapy agents, or undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Pain and decreased oral function associated with oral mucositis may persist long after the conclusion of therapy. Although most patients respond to conservative management, a subset of patients develop intractable pain with severe consequences. For some, the use of total parenteral nutrition with insertion of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding tubes is the only alternative...
February 22, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204992/the-life-experience-of-nutrition-impact-symptoms-during-treatment-for-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis
#11
REVIEW
Valentina Bressan, Annamaria Bagnasco, Giuseppe Aleo, Gianluca Catania, Milko P Zanini, Fiona Timmins, Loredana Sasso
PURPOSE: In the literature, there is limited research about the changed meaning of food, the eating and the eating experience during treatment in patients with head and neck cancer. This systematic review includes findings from a qualitative research synthesis to gain a deeper understanding of the influence and experiences of dysphagia, dysgeusia, oral mucositis and xerostomia in head and neck cancer patients (HNC) and suggests recommendations for care practice. METHOD: A systematic review and meta-synthesis techniques were adopted to identify, appraise and synthesize the relevant literature regarding the experience of nutritional symptoms of HNC patients conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines...
February 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183827/measured-adiposity-in-relation-to-head-and-neck-cancer-risk-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition
#12
Heather A Ward, Petra A Wark, David C Muller, Annika Steffen, Mattias Johansson, Teresa Norat, Marc J Gunter, Kim Overvad, Christina C Dahm, Jytte Halkjær, Anne Tjønneland, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Guy Fagherazzi, Sylvie Mesrine, Paul Brennan, Heinz Freisling, Kuanrong Li, Rudolf Kaaks, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Salvatore Panico, Sara Grioni, Rosario Tumino, Paolo Vineis, Domenico Palli, Petra H M Peeters, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Elisabete Weiderpass, Antonio Agudo, Jose Ramon Quiros, Nerea Larrañaga, Eva Ardanaz, José María Huerta, María-José Sánchez, Goran Laurell, Ingegerd Johansson, Ulla Westin, Peter Wallstrom, Kathryn E Bradbury, Nicholas J Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Clare Pearson, Heiner Boeing, Elio Riboli
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence from cohort studies indicates that adiposity is associated with greater incidence of head and neck cancer (HNC). However, most studies have used self-reported anthropometry which is prone to error. METHODS: Among 363 094 participants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study (EPIC) with measured anthropometry, there were 837 incident cases of HNC. HNC risk was examined in relation to body mass index (BMI) [lean: < 22...
February 9, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156569/differences-in-self-care-behaviors-by-varying-levels-of-caregiving-intensity-performance-and-well-being-among-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-high-mortality-cancer
#13
Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Richard A Taylor, Gabrielle Betty Rocque, Andres Azuero, Aras Acemgil, Michelle Y Martin, Meka Astin, Deborah Ejem, Elizabeth Ann Kvale, Karen Heaton, Maria Pisu, Edward E Partridge, Marie Bakitas
239 Background: Family caregivers of high-mortality cancer patients perform vital tasks that deter from their own self-care. We aimed to determine differences in self-care behaviors by varying levels of caregiving intensity, well-being, and performance. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey conducted in community settings of 8 cancer centers in AL, FL, and TN. Two-hundred and ninety-four family caregivers of Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with pancreatic, lung, brain, ovarian, head & neck, hematologic, or stage IV cancer completed measures of self-care behaviors, including health responsibility, physical activity, nutrition, spiritual growth, interpersonal relations, stress management, and sleep; anxiety and depression; health-related quality of life (HRQoL); caregiver competence and preparedness; and decision-making self-efficacy...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152219/effect-of-prophylactic-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-on-swallowing-in-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Lars Axelsson, Ewa Silander, Jan Nyman, Mogens Bove, Leif Johansson, Eva Hammerlid
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common in head and neck cancer. A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube is used to facilitate nutrition; however, some retrospective studies have indicated that the PEG tube causes dysphagia. METHODS: A randomized study of patients with head and neck cancer was conducted with up to 10 years of follow-up. Patients were randomized to either the prophylactic PEG tube group (study group) or the common clinical nutritional support group (control group)...
February 2, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125312/cachexia-at-diagnosis-is-associated-with-poor-survival-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#15
Helena Orell-Kotikangas, Pia Österlund, Outi Mäkitie, Kauko Saarilahti, Paula Ravasco, Ursula Schwab, Antti A Mäkitie
CONCLUSIONS: One third of the patients had cachexia with an association of significantly shorter survival. These results suggest that combining HGS and MAMA seems to be a practical method to screen cachexia in patients with head and neck cancer and may also be used when assessing their prognosis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the hypothesis that cachexia defined as both low mid-arm muscle area (MAMA) and handgrip strength (HGS) is associated with decreased survival in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC)...
January 26, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116152/the-effects-of-compliance-with-nutritional-counselling-on-body-composition-parameters-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-under-radiotherapy
#16
D Hopanci Bicakli, O Ozkaya Akagunduz, R Meseri Dalak, M Esassolak, R Uslu, M Uyar
Background. Radiotherapy (RT) has been associated with increased risk of malnutrition in cancer patients, particularly in those with head and neck cancer (HNC). The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effects of compliance of patients with individual dietary counselling on body composition parameters in HNC patients under RT. Material and Methods. Sixty-nine consecutive patients (mean age: 61.0 ± 13.8) were prospectively followed. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) was performed to determine body composition parameters before, in the middle of, and at the end of RT...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050062/reliability-of-the-pectoralis-major-myocutaneous-flap-in-reconstructive-oral-cancer-surgery-in-developing-countries-our-experience
#17
Atanu Bhanja, D S J D'Souza, Collin Roy, R N Poddar
BACKGROUND: Although free flaps are nowadays considered 'Gold standard' of head and neck reconstruction, pectoralis major myocutaneous (PMMC) flap is still popular among many reconstructive cancer surgeons in developing countries for its many advantages and also due to lack of resources for free flaps in most of the centers, large number of cancer patients with poor nutritional status and economic condition. However, many studies have reported high complication rate in PMMC flap. So, the purpose of our study was to evaluate the reliability of PMMC flap...
December 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039644/incidence-of-abdominal-wall-metastases-following-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-placement-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#18
Eleanor Fung, David S Strosberg, Edward L Jones, Rebecca Dettorre, Andrew Suzo, Michael P Meara, Vimal K Narula, Jeffrey W Hazey
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes are an effective modality for enteral nutrition in patients with head and neck cancer; however, there have been documented case reports of "seeding" of the abdominal wall by the theoretic risk of dragging the tube along the tumor during PEG placement. The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and contributing risk factors leading to metastasis to the abdominal wall following PEG placement in patients with head and neck cancer...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024718/patterns-of-dysphagia-and-acute-toxicities-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-undergoing-helical-imrt%C3%A2-concurrent-chemotherapy
#19
Laura B Moroney, Jennifer Helios, Elizabeth C Ward, Jane Crombie, Leesa F Wockner, Clare L Burns, Ann-Louise Spurgin, Claire Blake, Lizbeth Kenny, Brett G M Hughes
BACKGROUND: There is limited prospective data reporting the extent of treatment related toxicities associated with helical Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (H-IMRT) for head and neck cancer (HNC). The study aim was to investigate severity, peak incidence and recovery patterns of dysphagia and related toxicities in patients undergoing H-IMRT±chemotherapy to examine when patients are experiencing symptoms requiring supportive clinical care. METHODS: Prospective study of 212 patients undergoing H-IMRT...
January 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001084/resveratrol-as-an-anticancer-agent-a-review
#20
Abdur Rauf, Muhammad Imran, Masood Sadiq Butt, Muhammad Nadeem, Dennis G Peters, Mohammad S Mubarak
Owing to their antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activity, grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) are the archetypal paradigms of fruits used not only for nutritional purposes but also for exclusive therapeutics. Grapes are a prominent and promising source of phytochemicals, especially resveratrol, a phytoalexin antioxidant found in red grapes which has both chemopreventive and therapeutic effects against various ailments. Resveratrol's role in reducing different human cancers, including breast, cervical, uterine, blood, kidney, liver, eye, bladder, thyroid, esophageal, prostate, brain, lung, skin, gastric, colon, head and neck, bone, ovarian, and cervical, has been reviewed...
December 21, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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