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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214609/evaluation-of-vascular-tone-and-cardiac-contractility-in-response-to-silver-nanoparticles-using-langendorff-rat-heart-preparation
#1
Ramirez-Lee Manuel Alejandro, Martinez-Cuevas Pedro Pablo, Rosas-Hernandez Hector, Oros-Ovalle Cuauhtémoc, Bravo-Sanchez Mariela, Martinez-Castañon Gabriel Alejandro, Gonzalez Carmen
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been widely used because of their antimicrobial properties. However, several reports suggest that AgNPs exposure promote cardiac effects that involve nitric oxide (NO) and oxidative stress (OS). Nevertheless, there are no studies related to AgNPs-induced effects in cardiac physiology. The aim of this study was to evaluate the AgNPs direct actions on coronary vascular tone and cardiac contractility using Langendorff rat heart preparation. Low concentrations of AgNPs (0.1 and 1μg/mL) increased NO derived from inducible NO-synthase (iNOS), without modifying cardiac parameters...
February 15, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213332/shear-stress-enhances-ca-2-sparks-through-nox2-dependent-mitochondrial-reactive-oxygen-species-generation-in-rat-ventricular-myocytes
#2
Joon-Chul Kim, Jun Wang, Min-Jeong Son, Sun-Hee Woo
Shear stress enhances diastolic and systolic Ca(2+) concentration in ventricular myocytes. Here, using confocal Ca(2+) imaging in rat ventricular myocytes, we assessed the effects of shear stress (~16dyn/cm(2)) on the frequency of spontaneous Ca(2+) sparks and explored the mechanism underlying shear-mediated Ca(2+) spark regulation. The frequency of Ca(2+) sparks was immediately increased by shear stress (by ~80%), and increased further (by ~150%) during prolonged exposure (20s). The 2-D size and duration of individual sparks were increased by shear stimulation...
February 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197966/signaling-pathway-involved-in-the-inhibitory-effect-of-fty720p-on-the-na-k-atpase-in-hepg2-cells
#3
Nadine Al Alam, Sawsan Ibrahim Kreydiyyeh
The Na(+)/K(+) ATPase modulates the activity of many transporters in the liver, and maintains the ionic constancy of the intracellular milieu, preserving thus normal functioning of hepatocytes. Previous work showed that FTY720P, a sphingosine one phosphate receptor agonist used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis, exerts in HepG2 cells, an inhibitory effect on the activity of the ATPase, mediated via PGE2. This study is an attempt to identify the signaling molecules involved downstream of the prostaglandin...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196856/vardenafil-reduces-macrophage-pro-inflammatory-overresponses-in-cystic-fibrosis-through-pde5-and-cftr-dependent-mechanisms
#4
Sabrina Noel, Nadtha Panin, Mathilde Beka, Barbara Dhooghe, Francois Huaux, Teresinha Leal
Chronic inflammation that progressively disrupts the lung tissue is a hallmark of Cystic Fibrosis (CF). In mice, vardenafil, an inhibitor of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5), restores transepithelial ion transport and corrects mislocalization of the most common CF mutation, F508del-CFTR. It also reduces lung pro-inflammatory responses in mice and in patients with CF. To test the hypothesis that macrophages are target effector cells of the immunomodulatory effect of vardenafil, we isolated lung macrophages from mice homozygous for the F508del mutation or invalidated for the cftr gene and from their corresponding wild-type littermates...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196663/nos-interacting-protein-nosip-is-increased-in-the-colon-of-patients-with-hirschsprungs-s-disease
#5
Christian Tomuschat, Anne-Marie O'Donnell, David Coyle, Nickolas Dreher, Danielle Kelly, Prem Puri
PURPOSE: Hirschsprung's associated enterocolitis (HAEC) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR). Nitric oxide (NO) mediates intestinal homoeostasis and is inhibited by NOSIP, a modulator of NO production. We designed this study to investigate the expression of NOSIP in the colon of patients with HSCR. METHODS: We investigated NOSIP, endothelial NO synthase, and neuronal NO synthase expression in both the aganglionic and ganglionic regions of HSCR patients (n=10) versus normal control colon (n=10)...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195513/inducible-and-neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthases-exert-contrasting-effects-during-rat-intestinal-recovery-following-fasting
#6
Junta Ito, Hiroyuki Uchida, Naomi Machida, Kazuo Ohtake, Yuki Saito, Jun Kobayashi
We investigated the effects of endogenous inducible (iNOS) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase on recovery from intestinal mucosal atrophy caused by fasting-induced apoptosis and decreased cell proliferation during refeeding in rats. Rats were divided into five groups, one of which was fed ad libitum, and four of which underwent 72 h of fasting, followed by refeeding for 0, 6, 24, and 48 h, respectively. iNOS and neuronal nitric oxide synthase mRNA and protein levels in jejunal tissues were measured, and mucosal height was histologically evaluated...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193530/calcium-binding-protein-secretagogin-characterizes-novel-groups-of-interneurons-in-the-rat-striatum
#7
Toshio Kosaka, Seiko Yasuda, Katsuko Kosaka
In the rat striatum numerous secretagogin (SCGN) positive neurons were scattered. They were heterogeneous in their morphological and chemical properties. We examined the colocalization of SCGN with known four interneuron markers, parvalbumin (PV), calretinin (CR), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and choline acetyl transferase (ChAT). 60-70% of SCGN positive striatal neurons contained either PV or CR or ChAT, but none contained NOS. On the other hand the remaining 30-40% expressed none of these markers, most of which were GAD positive...
February 10, 2017: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188764/modulation-of-cerebral-rage-expression-following-nitric-oxide-synthase-inhibition-in-rats-subjected-to-focal-cerebral-ischemia
#8
Rosaria Greco, Chiara Demartini, Anna Maria Zanaboni, Fabio Blandini, Diana Amantea, Cristina Tassorelli
The receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) is a key mediator of neuroinflammation following cerebral ischemia. Nitric oxide (NO) plays a dualistic role in cerebral ischemia, depending on whether it originates from neuronal, inducible or endothelial synthase. Although a dynamic interplay between RAGE and NO pathways exists, its relevance in ischemic stroke has not been investigated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of the NO synthase (NOS) inhibition on RAGE expression in rats subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAo)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188286/hydrogen-sulfide-inhibits-high-glucose-induced-nadph-oxidase-4-expression-and-matrix-increment-by-recruiting-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-in-the-kidney-proximal-tubular-epithelial-cells
#9
Hak Joo Lee, Doug Yoon Lee, Meenalakshmi M Mariappan, Denis Feliers, Goutam Ghosh Choudhury, Hanna E Abboud, Yves Gorin, Balakuntalam S Kasinath
High glucose increases NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) expression, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and, matrix protein synthesis by inhibiting AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in renal cells. Since hydrogen sulfide (H2S) inhibits high glucose-induced matrix protein increment by activating AMPK in renal cells, we examined if H2S inhibits high glucose induced expression of NOX4 and matrix protein and if H2S nitric oxide (NO) pathways are integrated. High glucose increased NOX4 expression and activity at 24 h in renal proximal tubular epithelial cells that was inhibited by sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), a source of H2S...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187520/exogenous-vegf-delivery-prior-to-endothelial-precursor-cell-transplantation-in-orthotopic-liver-transplant-induced-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#10
Ding Cao, Menghao Wang, Junhua Gong, Sidong Wei, Jianping Gong, Jinzheng Li
BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) promotes angiogenesis in vivo. We hypothesized that exogenous delivery of VEGF prior to bone marrow-derived endothelial precursor cell (EPC) transplantation may improve orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT)-induced hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HIRI). METHODS: OLT between Sprague Dawley donor rats and inbred LEW Wistar recipient rats was performed in six experimental groups to comparatively assess the effects of VEGF gene: an untreated normal control group, a surgical control group, a liposomal control group, a VEGF group receiving only the liposome-encapsulated VEGF plasmid, an EPC group receiving only EPCs, and an EPC+VEGF group receiving the liposome-encapsulated VEGF plasmid followed by EPCs...
February 10, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183862/the-mechanisms-underlying-the-muscle-metaboreflex-modulation-of-sweating-and-cutaneous-blood-flow-in-passively-heated-humans
#11
Baies Haqani, Naoto Fujii, Narihiko Kondo, Glen P Kenny
Metaboreceptors can modulate cutaneous blood flow and sweating during heat stress but the mechanisms remain unknown. Fourteen participants (31 ± 13 years) performed 1-min bout of isometric handgrip (IHG) exercise at 60% of their maximal voluntary contraction followed by a 3-min occlusion (OCC), each separated by 10 min, initially under low (LHS, to activate sweating without changes in core temperature) and high (HHS, whole-body heating to a core temperature increase of 1.0°C) heat stress conditions. Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) and sweat rate were measured continuously at four forearm skin sites perfused with 1) lactated Ringer's solution (Control), 2) 10 mmol L-NAME [inhibits nitric oxide synthase (NOS)], 3) 10 mmol Ketorolac [inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX)], or 4) 4 mmol theophylline (THEO; inhibits adenosine receptors)...
February 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183819/a-chronic-physical-activity-treatment-in-obese-rats-normalizes-the-contributions-of-et-1-and-no-to-insulin-mediated-posterior-cerebral-artery-vasodilation
#12
T Dylan Olver, Matthew W McDonald, Diana Klakotskaia, Rachel A Richardson, Jeffrey L Jasperse, C W James Melling, Todd R Schachtman, Hsiao T Yang, Craig A Emter, M Harold Laughlin
This study tested the hypotheses that obesity-induced decrements in insulin-stimulated cerebrovascular vasodilation would be normalized with acute endothelin-1a receptor antagonism, and treatment with a physical activity intervention restores vasoreactivity to insulin through augmented nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent dilation. Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats were divided into the following groups; 20-wk old food-controlled (CON-20); 20-wk old free-food access (model of obesity, OB-20); 40-wk old food-controlled (CON-40); 40-wk old free-food access (OB-40); and 40-wk old free-food access+RUN (RUN-40; wheel-running access from 20-40 wk)...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178997/effect-of-oxidative-stress-induced-by-intracranial-iron-overload-on-central-pain-after-spinal-cord-injury
#13
Fan Xing Meng, Jing Ming Hou, Tian Sheng Sun
BACKGROUND: Central pain (CP) is a common clinical problem in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Recent studies found the pathogenesis of CP was related to the remodeling of the brain. We investigate the roles of iron overload and subsequent oxidative stress in the remodeling of the brain after SCI. METHODS: We established a rat model of central pain after SCI. Rats were divided randomly into four groups: SCI, sham operation, SCI plus deferoxamine (DFX) intervention, and SCI plus nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor treatment...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177721/mechanisms-of-nicotine-induced-cutaneous-vasodilation-and-sweating-in-young-adults-roles-for-k-sub-ca-sub-k-sub-atp-sub-and-k-sub-v-sub-channels-nitric-oxide-and-prostanoids
#14
Naoto Fujii, Jeffrey C Louie, Brendan D McNeely, Tatsuro Amano, Takeshi Nishiyasu, Glen P Kenny
We evaluated the influence of K<sup>+</sup> channels [i.e., Ca<sup>2+</sup>-activated K<sup>+</sup> (K<sub>Ca</sub>), ATP-sensitive K<sup>+</sup> (K<sub>ATP</sub>), and voltage-gated K<sup>+</sup> (K<sub>V</sub>) channels] and key enzymes [(nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX)] on nicotine-induced cutaneous vasodilation and sweating. Using intradermal microdialysis, we evaluated forearm cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) and sweat rate in two separate protocols...
January 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174542/p2x-receptors-inhibit-nacl-absorption-in-mtal-independently-of-nitric-oxide
#15
Samuel L Svendsen, Søren Isidor, Helle A Praetorius, Jens Leipziger
Activation of basolateral P2X receptors markedly reduces NaCl absorption in mouse medullary thick ascending limb (mTAL). Here we tested the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the ATP-mediated (P2X) transport inhibition. We used isolated, perfused mTALs from mice to electrically measure NaCl absorption. By microelectrodes we determined the transepithelial voltage (Vte) and transepithelial resistance (Rte). Via these two parameters, we calculated the equivalent short circuit current, I'sc as a measure of the transepithelial Na(+) absorption...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168994/oxidative-stress-and-no-generation-in-the-rat-pancreatitis-induced-by-pancreatic-duct-ligation
#16
Igor Buchwalow, Jürgen Schnekenburger, Dmitri Atiakshin, Vera Samoilova, Eduard Wolf, Werner Boecker, Katharina Tiemann
The interaction between nitric oxide (NO) and superoxides is critical in the development of an acute pancreatitis. Previously, we reported that the expression of superoxides and of the NO-generating enzyme (NO synthase, NOS) was up-regulated in the human pancreatitis, especially within the exocrine compartment indicating an exceptional susceptibility of the exocrine parenchyma to oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to compare the regulation of NO signalling pathways in the human pancreatitis and in an animal model of an acute pancreatitis induced by pancreatic duct ligation (PDL) in rats...
February 3, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163022/preservation-of-vascular-ddah-activity-contributes-to-the-protection-of-captopril-against-endothelial-dysfunction-in-hyperlipidemic-rabbits
#17
Yuan Lin, Mei Feng, Chang-Wu Lu, Yan-Ping Lei, Zhi-Min He, Yan Xiong
Endothelial dysfunction plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) has been recognized as an independent risk factor of endothelial dysfunction and the biomarker of atherosclerosis. This study was to investigate whether endogenous ADMA and its metabolic enzyme dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) were involved in mechanisms of captopril protection against endothelial dysfunction in high fat diet feeding rabbits...
February 2, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161255/neurovascular-uncoupling-in-the-triple-transgenic-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease-impaired-cerebral-blood-flow-response-to-neuronal-derived-nitric-oxide-signaling
#18
Cátia F Lourenço, Ana Ledo, Rui M Barbosa, João Laranjinha
Nitric oxide (NO)-dependent pathways and cerebrovascular dysfunction have been shown to contribute to the cognitive decline and neurodegeneration observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD) but whether they represent initial factors or later changes of the disease is still a matter of debate. In this work, we aimed at investigating whether and to what extent neuronal-derived NO signaling and related neurovascular coupling are impaired along aging in the hippocampus of the triple transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's Disease (3xTg-AD)...
February 1, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160862/aged-garlic-extract-exerts-endothelium-dependent-vasorelaxant-effect-on-rat-aorta-by-increasing-nitric-oxide-production
#19
Miyuki Takashima, Yuta Kanamori, Yukihiro Kodera, Naoaki Morihara, Koichi Tamura
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have shown that aged garlic extract (AGE) is effective in reducing blood pressure of hypertensive patients. However, the mechanisms involved remain to be elucidated. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the vasorelaxant effect of AGE on the aorta and its mechanism of action in order to clarify the blood pressure-lowering action of AGE. METHODS: The vasorelaxant effect was evaluated in isolated rat aortic rings...
January 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153530/24s-hydroxycholesterol-enhances-synaptic-vesicle-cycling-in-the-mouse-neuromuscular-junction-implication-of-glutamate-nmda-receptors-and-nitric-oxide
#20
M R Kasimov, M R Fatkhrakhmanova, K A Mukhutdinova, A M Petrov
24S-hydroxycholesterol (24S-HC) is a brain-derived product of lipid metabolism present in the systemic circulation, where its level can change significantly in response to physiological and pathophysiological conditions. Here, using electrophysiological and optical approaches, we have found a high sensitivity to 24S-HC of the synaptic vesicle cycle at the mouse neuromuscular junctions. Treatment with 24S-HC increased the end plate potential amplitude (EPP) in response to a single stimulus and attenuated the EPP amplitude rundown during high frequency (HF) activity but had no influence on miniature EPP amplitude or frequency...
January 31, 2017: Neuropharmacology
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