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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145710/testosterone-replacement-in-transgenic-sickle-cell-mice-controls-priapic-activity-and-upregulates-pde5-expression-and-enos-activity-in-the-penis
#1
B Musicki, S Karakus, W Akakpo, F H Silva, J Liu, H Chen, B R Zirkin, A L Burnett
Sickle cell disease (SCD)-associated priapism is characterized by decreased nitric oxide (NO) signaling and downregulated phosphodiesterase (PDE)5 protein expression and activity in the penis. Priapism is also associated with testosterone deficiency, but molecular mechanisms underlying testosterone effects in the penis in SCD are not known. Given the critical role of androgens in erection physiology and NO synthase (NOS)/PDE5 expression, we hypothesized that testosterone replacement to eugonadal testosterone levels reduces priapism by reversing impaired endothelial (e)NOS activity and molecular abnormalities involving PDE5...
November 16, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142407/molecular-docking-analysis-of-phytic-acid-and-4-hydroxyisoleucine-as-cyclooxygenase-2-microsomal-prostaglandin-e-synthase-2-tyrosinase-human-neutrophil-elastase-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-and-9-xanthine-oxidase-squalene-synthase-nitric-oxide-synthase-human
#2
Radhakrishnan Narayanaswamy, Lam Kok Wai, Norhaizan Mohd Esa
Background: The phytoconstituents phytic acid and 4-hydroxyisoleucine have been reported to posses various biological properties. Objective: This prompted us to carry out the docking study on these two ligands (phytic acid & 4-hydroxyisoleucine) against eleven targeted enzymes. Materials and Methods: Phytic acid & 4-hydroxyisoleucine were evaluated on the docking behaviour of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-2 (mPGES-2), tyrosinase, human neutrophil elastase (HNE), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP 2 and 9), xanthine oxidase (XO), squalene synthase (SQS), nitric oxide synthase (NOS), human aldose reductase (HAR) and lipoxygenase (LOX) using Discovery Studio Version 3...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138938/jasmonic-acid-induced-no-activates-mek1-2-in-regulating-the-metabolism-of-ascorbate-and-glutathione-in-maize-leaves
#3
Changjuan Shan, Haili Sun
This study investigated the relationship between MEK1/2 and nitric oxide (NO) in jasmonic acid (JA)-regulated metabolism of ascorbate and glutathione in maize leaves. The results showed that JA increased the activities of APX, GR, MDHAR, DHAR, GalLDH, and γ-ECS; the contents of AsA and GSH; and the production of NO. Above increases except for γ-ECS activity and NO production were all suppressed by pre-treatments with MEK1/2 inhibitors PD98059 and U0126. Above increases were all suppressed by pre-treatments with nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor L-NAME and NO scavenger cPTIO...
November 14, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138357/tadalafil-a-long-acting-phosphodiesterase-inhibitor-promotes-bone-marrow-stem-cell-survival-and-their-homing-into-ischemic-myocardium-for-cardiac-repair
#4
Ibrahim Elmadbouh, Muhammad Ashraf
The aim was to evaluate the tadalafil-mediated effects at molecular level on bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) survival and their homing into the infarcted hearts to promote cardiac repair and improve function. MSCs were pretreated in vitro with inhibitors of PKG, MAPK, FasL, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) (L-NAME), CXCR4 (AMD3100), or miR-21 inhibitors (+/-luciferase construction +/-Fas) prior to tadalafil treatment for 2 h. These MSCs were then subjected to H2O2 stress to assess their injury...
November 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137683/tanshinone-i-alleviates-motor-and-cognitive-impairments-via-suppressing-oxidative-stress-in-the-neonatal-rats-after-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-damage
#5
Chunfang Dai, Yannan Liu, Zhifang Dong
Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia is one of the main reasons that cause neuronal damage and neonatal death. Several studies have shown that tanshinone I (TsI), one of the major ingredients of Danshen, exerts potential neuroprotective effect in adult mice exposed to permanent left cerebral ischemia. However, it is unclear whether administration of TsI has neuroprotective effect on neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD), and if so, the potential mechanisms also remain unclear. Here, we reported that treatment with TsI (5 mg/kg, i...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135983/arginase-expression-modulates-nitric-oxide-production-in-leishmania-leishmania-amazonensis
#6
Stephanie Maia Acuña, Juliana Ide Aoki, Maria Fernanda Laranjeira-Silva, Ricardo Andrade Zampieri, Juliane Cristina Ribeiro Fernandes, Sandra Marcia Muxel, Lucile Maria Floeter-Winter
BACKGROUND: Arginase is an enzyme that converts L-arginine to urea and L-ornithine, an essential substrate for the polyamine pathway supporting Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis replication and its survival in the mammalian host. L-arginine is also the substrate of macrophage nitric oxide synthase 2 (NOS2) to produce nitric oxide (NO) that kills the parasite. This competition can define the fate of Leishmania infection. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The transcriptomic profiling identified a family of oxidoreductases in L...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132129/administration-of-curcumin-protects-kidney-tubules-against-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-riri-by-modulating-nitric-oxide-no-signaling-pathway
#7
Fuhe Liu, Wenjuan Ni, Jiajia Zhang, Guokang Wang, Fanzhu Li, Wenxia Ren
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To explore the protective effect of curcumin on renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (RIRI) in rats, and its influence on nephridial tissue's NO and cGMP levels as well as downstream signaling pathway, to elucidate the possible mechanism of curcumin on RIRI. METHODS: 36 Sprague Dawley rats (SD rats) were randomly divided into Sham group, Model group, curcumin (CUR +) Model group, 12 rats per group. They were all given RIRI model preparation by unilateral artery occlusion method...
November 13, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128547/associations-between-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-adma-nitrite-dependent-renal-carbonic-anhydrase-activity-and-plasma-testosterone-levels-in-hypogonadal-men
#8
Dimitrios Tsikas, Manfred Kinzel
BACKGROUND: Circulating inorganic nitrite (NO2(-)) is an abundant nitric oxide (NO) reservoir. Renal carbonic anhydrase (CA) mediates the absorption of urinary nitrite. The urinary nitrate-to-nitrite molar ratio UNOxR is a measure of nitrite-dependent renal CA activity. The CA family is also involved in the bioactivation of nitrite to S-nitrosothiols and NO. Thus, CA isoforms may combat atherosclerosis. METHODS: In plasma and urine of ten hypogonadal men we measured the major NO metabolites nitrite and nitrate, and the endogenous inhibitor of NO synthase (NOS) asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) before and after a 24-weeks testosterone treatment to normalize plasma testosterone levels...
November 8, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127889/nitric-oxide-and-arginase-levels-in-peri-implant-tissues-after-delayed-loading
#9
Ceren Gokmenoglu, Nurdan Ozmeric, Caglar Sungur, Raziye Sahin Bildik, Imge Erguder, Serenay Elgun
OBJECTIVE: Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized from the conversion of L-arginine to L-citrulline by NO synthase (NOS). Arginase can compete with NOS for the common substrate L-arginine, and thus inhibit NO production. NO levels and arginase ezyme might affect the bone remodeling cycle around implants. The aim of this studywas to investigate NO and arginase levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF), and saliva. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with one or more implants (Straumann(®); Institute Straumann AG, Basel, Switzerland) restored with fixed crown prostheses were included in the study...
October 23, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126791/the-cardioprotective-effects-of-epicatechin-are-mediated-through-arginase-activity-inhibition-in-a-murine-model-of-ischemia-reperfusion
#10
Pilar Ortiz-Vilchis, Miguel Ortiz-Flores, Marcela Pacheco, Israel Ramirez-Sanchez, Aldo Moreno-Ulloa, Lourdes Vega, Alicia Ortiz, Francisco Villarreal, Ivan Rubio-Gayosso, Nayelli Najera, Eduardo Meaney, Guillermo Ceballos
The production of nitric oxide (NO) by nitric oxide synthases (NOS) depends on the bioavailability of L-arginine as NOS competes with arginase for this common substrate. As arginase activity increases, less NO is produced and adverse cardiovascular consequences can emerge. (-)-Epicatechin (EPI), the most abundant flavonoid in cacao, has been reported to stimulate endothelial and neuronal NOS expression and function leading to enhanced vascular function and cardioprotective effects. However, little is known about the effects of EPI on myocardial arginase activity...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125838/nitrergic-neurons-of-the-dorsal-raphe-nucleus-encode-information-about-stress-duration
#11
India S Nichols, Mary I Jones, Chuma Okere, Godwin Ananaba, Brittany Bush, Cloe Gray, Allison Brager, J Christopher Ehlen, Ketema Paul
Nitrergic neurons of the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) may play a role in physiological stress responses. The caudal lateral wings (CLW) are unique compared to other rostral-caudal DRN sub-regions because they contain distinct nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS) populations that are independent of tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH). NOS neurons in the CLW are also highly activated during acute restraint stress. However, the effects of acute stress duration on NOS activation in the CLW are unclear. Here NADPH-d, an index of NOS activity, is used to show that sub-regions of the DRN have differential NOS activation in response to 6 hours of restraint stress in rats...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124687/ultraviolet-light-induced-generation-of-reactive-oxygen-species
#12
T L de Jager, A E Cockrell, S S Du Plessis
As ultraviolet (UV) radiation is naturally and ubiquitously emitted by the sun, almost everyone is exposed to it on a daily basis, and it is necessary for normal physiological function. Human exposure to solar UV radiation thus has important health implications. The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by UV radiation is one of the mechanisms through which UV light can manifest its possible detrimental effects on health. When an imbalance develops due to ROS generation exceeding the body's antioxidant defence mechanisms, oxidative stress can develop...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121802/hispolon-suppresses-lps-or-lta-induced-inos-no-production-and-apoptosis-in-bv-2-microglial-cells
#13
Ming-Shun Wu, Chih-Chiang Chien, Kur-Ta Cheng, Gottumukkala V Subbaraju, Yen-Chou Chen
Hispolon (HIS) is an active polyphenol compound derived from Phellinus linteus (Berkeley & Curtis), and our previous study showed that HIS effectively inhibited inflammatory responses in macrophages (Yang et al., 2014); however, its effect on neuronal inflammation is still undefined. In this study, HIS concentration- and time-dependently inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and lipoteichoic acid (LTA)-induced inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS)/NO production with increased heme oxygenase (HO)-1 proteins in BV-2 microglial cells...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121774/sphingolipids-and-redox-signaling-in-renal-regulation-and-chronic-kidney-diseases
#14
Owais M Bhat, Xinxu Yuan, Guangbi Li, RaMi Lee, Pin Lan Li
SIGNIFICANCE: Sphingolipids play critical roles in the membrane biology and intracellular signaling events that influence cellular behavior and function. Our review focuses on the cellular mechanisms and functional relevance of the cross talk between sphingolipids and redox signaling, which may be critically implicated in the pathogenesis of different renal diseases. Recent Advances: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and sphingolipids can regulate cellular redox homeostasis through the regulation of NADPH oxidase, mitochondrial integrity, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and antioxidant enzymes...
November 9, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120387/alteration-of-vascular-responsiveness-to-uridine-adenosine-tetraphosphate-in-aortas-isolated-from-male-diabetic-otsuka-long-evans-tokushima-fatty-rats-the-involvement-of-prostanoids
#15
Takayuki Matsumoto, Shota Kobayashi, Makoto Ando, Maika Iguchi, Keisuke Takayanagi, Mihoka Kojima, Kumiko Taguchi, Tsuneo Kobayashi
We investigated whether responsiveness to dinucleotide uridine adenosine tetraphosphate (Up₄A) was altered in aortas from type 2 diabetic Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats compared with those from age-matched control Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats at the chronic stage of disease. In OLETF aortas, we observed the following: (1) Up₄A-induced contractions were lower than those in the LETO aortas under basal conditions, (2) slight relaxation occurred due to Up₄A, but this was not observed in phenylephrine-precontracted LETO aortas, (3) acetylcholine-induced relaxation was reduced (vs...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115503/cardioprotective-effects-of-anisodamine-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-the-inhibition-of-oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-apoptosis
#16
Bao-Ju Yao, Xiao-Qing He, Yu-Hui Lin, Wen-Jun Dai
The aim of the present study was to investigate the cardioprotective effects of anisodamine against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and the molecular mechanisms involved. The present results demonstrated that anisodamine attenuated myocardial infarct sizes, decreased the levels of creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase, whereas it increased the left ventricular (LV) systolic pressure, the LV end‑diastolic pressure, and the LV pressure maximum rising and falling rates in a myocardial I/R rat model...
November 8, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113582/the-effects-of-magnesium-sulfate-on-the-inflammatory-response-of-placentas-perfused-with-lipopolysaccharide-using-the-ex-vivo-dual-perfused-human-single-cotyledon-model
#17
Michal Kovo, Noa Mevorach-Zussman, Nizar Khatib, Yuval Ginsberg, Michael Divon, Zeev Weiner, Jacob Bar, Ron Beloosesky
OBJECTIVES: Multiple mechanisms have been proposed for the neuroprotective effects of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4). We aimed to examine the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and MgSO4 on the placental expression of nuclear factor κ light chain enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB), interleukin (IL) 6, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and nitric oxide synthase (NOS); all known to participate in the inflammatory cascade. METHODS: Placentas were obtained and selected cotyledons cannulated and dually perfused ex vivo...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110178/priapism-in-a-fabry-disease-mouse-model-is-associated-with-upregulated-penile-nnos-and-enos-expression
#18
Xing-Li Meng, Erland Arning, Mary Wight-Carter, Taniqua S Day, Siamak Jabbarzadeh-Tabrizi, Shuyuan Chen, Robin J Ziegler, Teodoro Bottiglieri, Jay W Schneider, Seng H Cheng, Raphael Schiffmann, Jin-Song Shen
Fabry disease is a glycosphingolipidosis caused by deficient activity of α-galactosidase A; it is one of a few diseases that are associated with priapism, an abnormal prolonged erection of the penis. The goal of this study was to investigate the pathogenesis of Fabry disease-associated priapism in a mouse model of the disease. We found that Fabry mice develop late-onset priapism. Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), which was predominantly present as the 120-kDa N-terminus-truncated form, was significantly upregulated in the penis of 18-month-old Fabry mice compared to wild type controls (~fivefold)...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102628/dietary-supplementation-of-biofloc-influences-growth-performance-physiological-stress-antioxidant-status-and-immune-response-of-juvenile-sea-cucumber-apostichopus-japonicus-selenka
#19
Jinghua Chen, Yichao Ren, Guodong Wang, Bin Xia, Yuquan Li
Bioflocs are rich in various probiotics and bioactive compounds, which play an important role in improving growth and health status of aquatic organisms. A 60-day experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of biofloc on growth performance, digestive enzyme activity, physiological stress, antioxidant status, expression of immune-related genes and disease resistance of sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus. Juvenile sea cucumbers were fed five experimental diets containing graded levels of biofloc from 0% to 20% (referred as B0, B5, B10, B15 and B20, respectively)...
November 4, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099056/ammonia-reduces-intracellular-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-in-cultured-astrocytes-stimulating-its-y%C3%A2-%C2%BAlat2-carrier-mediated-loss
#20
Krzysztof Milewski, Małgorzata Bogacińska-Karaś, Inez Fręśko, Wojciech Hilgier, Radosław Jaźwiec, Jan Albrecht, Magdalena Zielińska
Previously we had shown that ammonia stimulates nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in astrocytes by increasing the uptake of the precursor amino acid, arginine via the heteromeric arginine/glutamine transporter y⁺LAT2. Ammonia also increases the concentration in the brain of the endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthases (NOS), asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), but distribution of ADMA surplus between the intraastrocytic and extracellular compartments of the brain has not been studied. Here we tested the hypothesis that ammonia modulates the distribution of ADMA and its analog symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) between the two compartments of the brain by competition with arginine for the y⁺LAT2 transporter...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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