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(NOS)and(nitric oxide synthase)

Hossein Amini-Khoei, Nastaran Kordjazy, Arya Haj-Mirzaian, Shayan Amiri, Arvin Haj-Mirzaian, Armin Shirzadian, Amin Hasanvand, Shima Balali-Dehkordi, Mahsa Hassanipoor, Ahmad Reza Dehpour
Anticonvulsant effects of minocycline have been explored recently. This study was designed to examine the anticonvulsant effect of acute administration of minocycline on pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures in mouse considering the possible role of nitric oxide (NO)/NMDA pathway. We induced seizure using intravenous administration of PTZ. Our results showed that acute administration of minocycline increased the seizure threshold. Furthermore, co-administration of sub-effective doses of the non-selective nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, L-NAME (10 mg/kg) and the neuronal NOS inhibitor, 7-nitroindazole (40 mg/kg) enhanced the anticonvulsant effect of sub-effective dose of minocycline (40 mg/kg)...
March 20, 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Fernando Francisco Borges Resende, Simoneide Souza Titze-de-Almeida, Ricardo Titze-de-Almeida
Astrocytic tumors, including astrocytomas and glioblastomas, are the most common type of primary brain tumors. Treatment for glioblastomas includes radiotherapy, chemotherapy with temozolomide (TMZ) and surgical ablation. Despite certain therapeutic advances, the survival time of patients is no longer than 12-14 months. Cancer cells overexpress the neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). In the present study, it was examined whether the nNOS enzyme serves a role in the damage of astrocytoma (U251MG and U138MG) and glioblastoma (U87MG) cells caused by TMZ...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Roshan Kumar, Raniki Kumari, Sanjay Kumar, Deepak Kumar Jangir, Tushar Kanti Maiti
α-Synuclein, a major constituent of proteinaceous inclusions named Lewy body, has been shown to be released and taken up by cells, which may facilitate its progressive pathological spreading and neuronal cell death in Parkinson's disease. However, the pathophysiological effect and signalling cascade initiated by extracellular α-synuclein in cellular milieu are not well understood. Herein we have investigated the perturbations induced by low molecular weight α-synuclein and different types of α-synuclein oligomers in the neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells...
March 14, 2018: Biomacromolecules
F A Khan, T S Chenier, R A Foster, J Hewson, E L Scholtz
Emerging research suggests that the nitric oxide system may play a role in persistent breeding-induced endometritis (PBIE) in the mare. Differences in uterine nitric oxide (NO) levels between mares susceptible or resistant to PBIE and a dose-dependent inhibitory effect of NO on uterine contractility have been demonstrated. The objectives of this study were to investigate the difference in total nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity of the endometrium between susceptible and resistant mares and the effect of a specific inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitor on the endometrial NOS activity in vitro...
March 14, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Xin Zhao, Jinyu Liu, Shijun Yang, Dandan Song, Chen Wang, Chen Chen, Chengcheng Wang, Feifei Pu, Runmei Yang, Xiaoya Li, Qiuting Wang, Shasha Ge, Yulin Lin, Xiuhua Liu, Dayong Cai
Vascular dementia (VaD) is the common cognitive disorder derived mainly from lacunar stroke. The neurovascular coupling (NVC) dysfunction involves in its pathogenesis. VaD lacks suitable animal models for developing preventive therapies. This study aimed to confirm a model for preventing VaD via maintaing NVC sensitivity in rats. The model was replicated with autologous microthrombi against the background of hypercholesterolemia. A phosphodiesterase inhibitor (pentoxyfylline) was preventively administrated to confirm the role of NVC sensitivity...
March 8, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Scott K Ferguson, Julie W Harral, David I Pak, Katherine M Redinius, Kurt R Stenmark, Dominik J Schaer, Paul W Buehler, David C Irwin
Free hemoglobin (Hb) associated with hemolysis extravasates into vascular tissue and depletes nitric oxide (NO), which leads to impaired vascular function and could impair skeletal muscle metabolic control during exercise. We tested the hypothesis that: 1) free Hb would extravasate into skeletal muscle tissue, reducing the contracting skeletal muscle O2 delivery/O2 utilization ratio (microvascular PO2 , PO2 mv) to a similar extent as that observed following NO synthase (NOS) blockade, and 2) that the Hb scavenging protein haptoglobin (Hp) would prevent Hb extravasation and inhibit these skeletal muscle tissue effects...
March 8, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Jaqueline Borges Santos-Rocha, Mariana Rae, Ana Maria Aristimunho Teixeira, Simone Aparecida Teixeira, Carolina Demarchi Munhoz, Marcelo Nicolas Muscará, Tania Marcourakis, Karen K Szumlinski, Rosana Camarini
The peculiar neurochemical profile of the adolescent brain renders it differently susceptible to several stimuli, including stress and/or drug exposure. Among several stress mediators, nitric oxide (NO) has a role in stress responses. We have demonstrated that adolescent mice are less sensitive to ethanol-induced sensitization than adult mice. The present study investigated whether chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) induces behavioral sensitization to ethanol in adolescent and adult Swiss mice, and investigated the influence of Ca2+ -dependent nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity in the phenomenon...
October 31, 2017: Alcohol
Esther Oluwasola Aluko, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Olumuyiwa Abiola Adejumobi, Temitayo Olabisi Ajibade, Adesoji Adedipe Fasanmade
Nitric oxide (NO) is major endothelial relaxing factor and reduction in its bioavailabilty has been linked to hypertension. Furthermore, high lipid content is a strong risk factor predisposing to cardiovascular diseases. The principal focus of this study was to investigate the effect of blockade of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) on serum lipid content in rats. Male Wistar rats (150-170 g, n = 15) were randomly divided into two groups designated control (n = 5), and L-Name group (n = 10) and were gavage with distilled water and 60 mg/kg of L-NAME respectively daily for three weeks...
March 8, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Xiaoling Yang, Hui Shao, Yong Chen, Ning Ding, Anning Yang, Jue Tian, Yuanxu Jiang, Guizhong Li, Yideng Jiang
Cirsium japonicum, a constituent of traditional Chinese medicine, has been shown to exert inflammatory effects as well as to improve the circulation and thus to counteract hematologic stasis. Studies have demonstrated that intermedin (IMD) has protective effects on hypertension in rats by regulating the Ang/NO metabolic pathway. In this study, we investigated whether by regulating the expression of IMD, Cirsium japonicum could improve cardiac function in rats with 2k1c-induced renal hypertension. Renal hypertension was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by occluding the renal artery...
March 8, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Facundo Mendes Garrido Abregú, María Natalia Gobetto, Lorena Vanesa Juriol, Carolina Caniffi, Rosana Elesgaray, Analía Lorena Tomat, Cristina Arranz
Micronutrient malnutrition during intrauterine and postnatal growth may program cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. We examined whether moderate zinc restriction in male and female rats throughout fetal life, lactation and/or postweaning growth induces alterations that can predispose to the onset of vascular dysfunction in adulthood. Female Wistar rats were fed low- or control zinc diets from pregnancy to offspring weaning. After weaning, offspring were fed either a low- or a control zinc diet until 81 days...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Lars Edvinsson, János Tajti, Levente Szalárdy, László Vécsei
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) is a neuropeptide implicated in a wide range of functions, such as nociception and in primary headaches. Regarding its localization, PACAP has been observed in the sensory trigeminal ganglion (TG), in the parasympathetic sphenopalatine (SPG) and otic ganglia (OTG), and in the brainstem trigeminocervical complex. Immunohistochemistry has shown PACAP-38 in numerous cell bodies of SPG/OTG, co-stored with vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and, to a minor degree, with choline acetyltransferase...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
L Chen, B Yu, D Luo, M Lin
BACKGROUND: The mechanism underlying gastrointestinal (GI) dysmotility associated with chronic pancreatitis (CP) has not been fully elucidated, and enteric nervous system (ENS) has an important regulatory role in gastrointestinal motor function. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of ENS in the colonic hypomotility induced by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) infusion which mimics CP. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were submitted to CP which was induced by pancreatic infusion of 2% TNBS, or sham group with treatment of equal saline...
March 9, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Almudena García-Ortiz, Juan M Serrador
Nitric oxide (NO) is a key messenger in the pathogenesis of inflammation, linking innate and adaptive immunity. By targeting signaling molecules, NO from inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and endothelial (e)NOS affects T helper cell differentiation and the effector functions of T lymphocytes, and is a potential target for therapeutic manipulation. In this review we discuss the regulatory actions exerted by NO on T cell functions, focusing on S-nitrosylation as an important post-translational modification by which NO acts as a signaling molecule during T cell-mediated immunity...
March 5, 2018: Trends in Molecular Medicine
Amynah A Pradhan, Zachariah Bertels, Simon Akerman
Nitric oxide (NO) is a small gaseous signaling molecule that has important biological effects. It has been heavily implicated in migraine; and the NO donor, nitroglycerin, has been used extensively as a human migraine trigger. Correspondingly, a number of components of the NO signaling cascade have been shown to be upregulated in migraine patients. NO is endogenously produced in the body by NO synthase (NOS), of which there are three isoforms: neuronal NOS (nNOS), endothelial NOS (eNOS), and inducible NOS (iNOS)...
March 7, 2018: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
Santiago Nahuel Villegas, Rita Gombos, Lucia García-López, Irene Gutiérrez-Pérez, Jesús García-Castillo, Diana Marcela Vallejo, Vanina Gabriela Da Ros, Esther Ballesta-Illán, József Mihály, Maria Dominguez
The PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, Notch, and other oncogenes cooperate in the induction of aggressive cancers. Elucidating how the PI3K/Akt pathway facilitates tumorigenesis by other oncogenes may offer opportunities to develop drugs with fewer side effects than those currently available. Here, using an unbiased in vivo chemical genetic screen in Drosophila, we identified compounds that inhibit the activity of proinflammatory enzymes nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and lipoxygenase (LOX) as selective suppressors of Notch-PI3K/Akt cooperative oncogenesis...
March 6, 2018: Cell Reports
Jae-Min Lee, Tae-Woon Kim, Hye-Sang Park, Sang-Seo Park, Mal-Soon Shin, Yun-Hee Sung, Tae-Beom Seo, Young-Pyo Kim
Diabetes mellitus is associated with the impairment of sexual function including desire and orgasmic dysfunction. Sexual dysfunction in the diabetes mellitus is due to a selective defect of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) within paraventricular nucleus (PVN). c-Fos is an immediate early gene and c-Fos expression represents neuronal activity in response to various stimuli. In the present study, we investigated the effects of treadmill exercise on sexual behaviors and the expressions of NOS and c-Fos in the PVN were evaluated using streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
María B Delsouc, María C Della Vedova, Darío Ramírez, Silvia M Delgado, Marilina Casais
The aim of the present work was to investigate whether the nitric oxide produced by the nitric oxide/nitric oxide synthase (NO/NOS) system present in the coeliac ganglion modulates the effects of cholinergic innervation on oxidative status, steroidogenesis and apoptotic mechanisms that take place in the rat ovary during the first proestrous. An ex vivo Coeliac Ganglion- Superior Ovarian Nerve- Ovary (CG-SON-O) system was used. Cholinergic stimulation of the CG was achieved by 10-6  M Acetylcholine (Ach). Furthermore, 400 μM Aminoguanidine (AG) - an inhibitor of inducible-NOS was added in the CG compartment in absence and presence of Ach...
February 28, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Ezinne Ozurumba, Omana Mathew, Katsuri Ranganna, Myung Choi, Adebayo Oyekan
BACKGROUND: Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)/prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD)-containing proteins are involved in renal adaptive response to high salt (HS). Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (PPARα), a transcription factor involved in fatty acid oxidation is implicated in the regulation of renal function. As both HIF-1α/PHD and PPARα contribute to the adaptive changes to altered oxygen tension, this study tested the hypothesis that PHD-induced renal adaptive response to HS is PPARα-dependent...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Xiaohong Wang, Lei Chu, Chun Liu, Ronglong Wei, Xianglong Xue, Yuefen Xu, Mengjie Wu, Qing Miao
OBJECTIVES: To observe the therapeutic effects of Saussurea involucrata (Sau) injection against severe acute pancreatitis (SAP)-induced brain injury. METHODS: Sodium taurocholate-induced SAP-modeled rats were equally randomized into an SAP model group (SAP group) and a Sau treated group (Sau  +  S group). Healthy rats were equally randomized into a Sau treated group (Sau  +  H group) and a sham operation group (SO group). Serum amylase levels, endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO) contents were determined by optical turbidimetry, ELISA and nitrate reductase method respectively...
February 23, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Tiantian Zhang, Ping Liu, Yu Sun, Na Ren, Shuang Nie
The aim of the study was to demonstrate the impairment of trans fatty acids (TFAs) in neurological disorders in mice. Forty-eight male Kunming mice were randomly divided into four groups with twelve in each group, namely a control group (corn oil group), and TFA groups with low, middle and high dosages. The tested chemicals were given by gavage, once a day, for 12 wk in total, with the volume of the intragastric liquid as 0.1 mL/10 g of body weight. The mice in the control group were given corn oil only. The mice in the TFA groups were given TFA solution (doses were 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg of body weight, respectively)...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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