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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897402/the-impact-of-ageing-physical-activity-and-pre-frailty-on-skeletal-muscle-phenotype-mitochondrial-content-and-intramyocellular-lipids-in-men
#1
Félix St-Jean-Pelletier, Charlotte H Pion, Jean-Philippe Leduc-Gaudet, Nicolas Sgarioto, Igor Zovilé, Sébastien Barbat-Artigas, Olivier Reynaud, Feras Alkaterji, François C Lemieux, Alexis Grenon, Pierrette Gaudreau, Russell T Hepple, Stéphanie Chevalier, Marc Belanger, José A Morais, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre, Gilles Gouspillou
BACKGROUND: The exact impact of ageing on skeletal muscle phenotype and mitochondrial and lipid content remains controversial, probably because physical activity, which greatly influences muscle physiology, is rarely accounted for. The present study was therefore designed to investigate the effects of ageing, physical activity, and pre-frailty on skeletal muscle phenotype, and mitochondrial and intramyocellular lipid content in men. METHODS: Recreationally active young adult (20-30 yo; YA); active (ACT) and sedentary (SED) middle-age (50-65 yo; MA-ACT and MA-SED); and older (65 + yo; 65 + ACT and 65 + SED) and pre-frail older (65 + PF) men were recruited...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855619/bioactive-sutures-a-review-of-the-advances-in-surgical-sutures-functionalization
#2
Feras Alshomer, Arul Madhavan, Omar Pathan, Wenhui Song
Sutures have been at the forefront of surgical medicine throughout time. With recent advances in suture technology, it has been possible to incorporate biologically active substances to enhance suture function and capability. Bioactive sutures represent a modality interest in controlled drug and cell delivery to traumatic sites. In this article, a comprehensive literature search of key bibliographic databases focusing on suture material fabrication and advanced modification was performed. The history, manufacturing process and cost-effectiveness of bioactive sutures are presented...
November 18, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851112/1476-assessing-the-3rd-international-consensus-definition-for-septic-shock-sepsis-3-in-cancer-patients
#3
Lama Nazer, Aseel Abusara, Feras Hawari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851078/1442-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-critically-ill-cancer-patients-with-septic-shock-an-8-year-study
#4
Lama Nazer, Rawan Daoud, Marciana Bargash, Marciana Bargash, Feras Hawari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847155/long-term-outcome-and-risk-prediction-in-patients-suffering-acute-myocardial-infarction-complicated-by-post-infarction-cardiac-rupture
#5
Patrick Sulzgruber, Feras El-Hamid, Lorenz Koller, Stefan Forster, Georg Goliasch, Johann Wojta, Alexander Niessner
BACKGROUND: Post-infarction cardiac rupture (CR) such as ventricular septal rupture (VSR), free wall rupture (FWR), atrial septal rupture (ASR) or papillary muscle rupture (PMR) is a rare but dreaded complication in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) associated with a very poor prognosis with reported mortality rates between 60 and 100%. Therefore suitable risk stratification for secondary prevention seems crucial, but data on long-term survival und risk prediction in this especially vulnerable patient collective remains scarce...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830940/challenges-in-implementing-a-biorisk-management-program-at-universitas-indonesia-a-checklist-tool-for-biorisk-management
#6
Aroem Naroeni, Endang Winiati Bachtiar, Fera Ibrahim, Budiman Bela, Yuni Kusminanti, Ike Pujiriani, Fatma Lestari
Rapid development and advancement of bioresearch at a university's laboratories can have both positive and negative implications for public health and the environment. Many research activities in which biological materials have been created, modified, stored, and manipulated require safety procedures to keep the negative effects on humans and the environment as low as possible. The Occupational Health, Safety and Environmental (OHS&E) Department of the University of Indonesia (UI) is trying to increase the awareness and responsibility of its university members and laboratory staffs who work with biohazard materials by creating a biorisk checklist...
November 10, 2016: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826592/current-knowledge-of-burn-injury-first-aid-practices-and-applied-traditional-remedies-a-nationwide-survey
#7
Abdullah E Kattan, Feras AlShomer, Abdulaziz K Alhujayri, Abdullah Addar, Albaraa Aljerian
BACKGROUND: Burn first aid awareness has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality. We present a report on the knowledge and practices of the Saudi population with regard to burn first aid and the application of traditional remedies. METHODS: An internet-based survey was conducted to assess the public's knowledge on first aid practices and home remedies applied for burn injuries among Saudi adults. RESULTS: A total of 2758 individuals responded to the survey...
2016: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826384/esthetic-outcome-for-maxillary-anterior-single-implants-assessed-by-different-dental-specialists
#8
Abdullah Al-Dosari, Ra'ed Al-Rowis, Feras Moslem, Fahad Alshehri, Ahmed M Ballo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the esthetic outcome of maxillary anterior single implants by comparing the esthetic perception of dental professionals and patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients with single implants in the esthetic zone were enrolled in this study. Dentists of four different dental specialties (Three orthodontists, three oral surgeons, three prosthodontists, and three periodontists) evaluated the pink esthetic score (PES)/white esthetic score (WES) for 23 implant-supported single restorations...
October 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812733/specific-toxicity-after-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-to-the-central-chest-a%C3%A2-comprehensive-review
#9
REVIEW
Feras Oskan, Gerd Becker, Martin Bleif
The toxicity of stereotactic body radiation therapy in the central chest remains an unsettled issue. The collected data concerning the observed complications are poorly understood and are limited in their quantity and quality, thus hampering a precise delineation of treatment-specific toxicity. The majority of complications scored as toxicity grade 5, namely respiratory failure and fatal hemoptysis, are most likely related to multiple competing risks and occurred at different dose fractionation schemas, e...
November 3, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811099/draft-genome-sequence-of-halomonas-elongata-strain-k4-an-endophytic-growth-promoting-bacterium-enhancing-salinity-tolerance-in-planta
#10
Feras F Lafi, Juan S Ramirez-Prado, Intikhab Alam, Vladimir B Bajic, Heribert Hirt, Maged M Saad
Halomonas elongata strain K4 is an endophytic bacterial strain that was isolated from roots of Cyperus conglomeratus collected at the Red Sea coast in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia. Here, we present a draft genome sequence of this strain, highlighting a number of pathways involved in plant growth promotion under salt stress.
November 3, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748188/garlic-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-or-treatment
#11
Feras Q Alali, Tamam El-Elimat, Lila Khalid, Reema Hudaib, Tuqa Saleh Al-Shehabi, Ali H Eid
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of global mortality with a substantial economic impact. The annual deaths are expected to increase in the next decade. An array of dietary supplements is being used by people worldwide to ameliorate cardiovascular risk factors. Garlic (Allium sativum L.), a top-selling herbal dietary supplement, is renowned for its wide range beneficial effects, particularly in the treatment and prevention of CVD. This review aims to present a thorough discussion of the available evidence-based data which support the use of garlic in the treatment or prevention of cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743140/caseous-calcification-of-the-mitral-annulus-a-rare-entity-confirmed-by-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#12
Feras M Ghazawi, Giulia Vinco, Mathieu Walker
Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA) is a rare variant of mitral annulus calcification which presents as a semilunar echodense mass with smooth borders and central areas of echolucency. It is an under-recognized benign entity and can be misdiagnosed for a number of pathologies including tumors, abscesses and thrombi. We present a representative CCMA case and highlight its typical appearance on magnetic resonance imaging.
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723592/learning-expressionlets-via-universal-manifold-model-for-dynamic-facial-expression-recognition
#13
Mengyi Liu, Shiguang Shan, Ruiping Wang, Xilin Chen
Facial expression is a temporally dynamic event which can be decomposed into a set of muscle motions occurring in different facial regions over various time intervals. For dynamic expression recognition, two key issues, temporal alignment and semantics-aware dynamic representation, must be taken into account. In this paper, we attempt to solve both problems via manifold modeling of videos based on a novel midlevel representation, i.e. expressionlet. Specifically, our method contains three key stages: 1) each expression video clip is characterized as a spatial-temporal manifold (STM) formed by dense low-level features; 2) a Universal Manifold Model (UMM) is learned over all low-level features and represented as a set of local modes to statistically unify all the STMs...
October 5, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677162/immune-tolerance-properties-of-the-testicular-tissue-as-a-viral-sanctuary-site-in-art-treated-hiv-infected-adults
#14
Mohammad-Ali Jenabian, Cecilia T Costiniuk, Vikram Mehraj, Feras M Ghazawi, Rémi Fromentin, Joëlle Brousseau, Pierre Brassard, Maud Bélanger, Petronela Ancuta, Reina Bendayan, Nicolas Chomont, Jean-Pierre Routy
OBJECTIVE: HIV persistence in long-lived infected cells and in anatomical sanctuary sites are major hurdles to HIV eradication. Testicular tissue may represent a significant viral sanctuary site as it constitutes an immunologically-privileged compartment. We assessed immuno-tolerance properties of the testicular tissue in individuals receiving suppressive ART. DESIGN AND METHODS: Testicular tissue and matched blood samples were collected from 6 virally suppressed adults and 10 HIV-uninfected controls prior to gender reassignment surgery...
September 24, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642121/metagenomics-as-a-preliminary-screen-for-antimicrobial-bioprospecting
#15
Soha Al-Amoudi, Rozaimi Razali, Magbubah Essack, Mohammad Shoaib Amini, Salim Bougouffa, John A C Archer, Feras F Lafi, Vladimir B Bajic
Since the composition of soil directs the diversity of the contained microbiome and its potential to produce bioactive compounds, many studies has been focused on sediment types with unique features characteristic of extreme environments. However, not much is known about the potential of microbiomes that inhabit the highly saline and hot Red Sea lagoons. This case study explores mangrove mud and the microbial mat of sediments collected from the Rabigh harbor lagoon and Al Kharrar lagoon for antimicrobial bioprospecting...
December 15, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626430/bioprospecting-red-sea-coastal-ecosystems-for-culturable-microorganisms-and-their-antimicrobial-potential
#16
Soha Al-Amoudi, Magbubah Essack, Marta F Simões, Salim Bougouffa, Irina Soloviev, John A C Archer, Feras F Lafi, Vladimir B Bajic
Microorganisms that inhabit unchartered unique soil such as in the highly saline and hot Red Sea lagoons on the Saudi Arabian coastline, represent untapped sources of potentially new bioactive compounds. In this study, a culture-dependent approach was applied to three types of sediments: mangrove mud (MN), microbial mat (MM), and barren soil (BS), collected from Rabigh harbor lagoon (RHL) and Al-Kharrar lagoon (AKL). The isolated bacteria were evaluated for their potential to produce bioactive compounds. The phylogenetic characterization of 251 bacterial isolates based on the 16S rRNA gene sequencing, supported their assignment to five different phyla: Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Planctomycetes...
September 10, 2016: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618606/pomegranate-and-licorice-juices-modulate-metformin-pharmacokinetics-in-rats
#17
Riad Awad, Eyad Mallah, Bayan Al Khawaja, Wael Abu Dayyih, Feras El-Hajji, Khalid Z Matalka, Tawfiq Arafat
OBJECTIVES: Food or drinks may significantly alter the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs which may lead to adverse events. A drug such as metformin is widely used to regulate plasma glucose level and pomegranate and licorice have been identified to help in type-2 diabetes management. However, the interactions of the latter on metformin pharmacokinetics were not studied. Therefore, we aimed here to study the impact of pomegranate and licorice on metformin pharmacokinetics in rats...
July 16, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615682/new-black-fungus-gnats-diptera-sciaridae-of-north-america-part-i-%C3%A2-genus-scatopsciara-edwards-1927
#18
Werner Mohrig, Ellen Kauschke
In the Nearctic region the genus Scatopsciara includes 37 species. Herein these species are diagnosed, keyed and distribution data provided. Twenty six species are known exclusively from the Nearctic region. Eleven species have a Holarctic distribution. Nineteen species are described as new for science. These are: Scatopsciara abedabunae sp. n. (USA, Canada), Sc. adsilae sp. n. (USA), Sc. alawae sp. n. (USA), Sc. awanatae sp. n. (USA), Sc. awinitae sp. n. (USA, Canada), Sc. catoriae sp. n. (USA), Sc. chenoae sp...
2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604674/intrapericardial-development-of-a-bronchogenic-cyst-case-report
#19
C Grozavu, A Fera, M Iliaş, D Pantile
INTRODUCTION: Bronchogenic cysts, commonly located in the mediastinum or lung parenchyma, arise from abnormal budding of the tracheobronchial tree. Since an unknown percentage of asymptomatic adult patients with bronchogenic cysts remain undiagnosed, the true natural history ofthese cysts in adults is uncertain and the available series reflect a significant selection bias in favor of the symptomatic individual. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 42-year-old female who presented with adull central chest pain, which gradually worsened overseveral weeks...
July 2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597436/impact-of-sudden-expansion-of-catchment-area-on-admissions-to-a-psychiatric-intensive-care-unit
#20
Feras Ali Mustafa
PURPOSE: The closure of a neighboring psychiatric intensive care unit (PICU) provided an opportunity to evaluate the number of PICU beds required per head of population and to explore how referrals to the PICU are prioritized. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were collected and analyzed for admissions to our PICU in the year before and the year after the closure of the other unit. FINDINGS: Admissions increased (in year 2) by 42%, although there was no significant increase in the use of restrictive nursing interventions...
September 6, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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