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interventional orthopedics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087496/digital-pills-to-measure-opioid-ingestion-patterns-in-emergency-department-patients-with-acute-fracture-pain-a-pilot-study
#1
Peter R Chai, Stephanie Carreiro, Brendan J Innes, Rochelle K Rosen, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer, Edward W Boyer
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to prescribed regimens for opioid analgesic agents contributes to increasing opioid abuse and overdose death. Opioids are frequently prescribed on an as-needed basis, placing the responsibility to determine opioid dose and frequency with the patient. There is wide variability in physician prescribing patterns because of the lack of data describing how patients actually use as-needed opioid analgesics. Digital pill systems have a radiofrequency emitter that directly measures medication ingestion events, and they provide an opportunity to discover the dose, timing, and duration of opioid therapy...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064303/popliteal-artery-pseudoaneurysm-successfully-treated-with-amplatzer-vascular-plug
#2
K W Liew, B D K Leong
Popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm is uncommon. They usually result from penetrating or blunt trauma, arterial reconstructive surgery, invasive diagnostic or surgical orthopedic procedures. They can cause arterial thrombosis and limb ischeamia. We report a 53 year old Chinese gentleman with popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm who presented with right lower limb numbness and paralysis in toes extension. He gave a history of acupuncture treatment around the popliteal fossa of the affected limb. Clinical examination revealed a pulsatile mass in the popliteal fossa...
October 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056159/obturator-artery-injury-resulting-in-massive-hemorrhage-from-a-low-energy-pubic-ramus-fracture
#3
Mark K Solarz, Justin M Kistler, Saqib Rehman
Pelvic ring fractures are common in the elderly population and are usually a result of low-energy trauma, such as falls from standing. In most cases, low-energy pelvic ring injuries can be treated with appropriate analgesia and early mobilization. Arterial injury resulting in hemodynamic instability from a low-energy pelvic ring injury is rare but, given the poor compliance of vessels in the elderly population, possible. These patients must be carefully monitored after the initial injury. The purpose of this report is to describe an elderly patient who sustained a superior pubic ramus fracture and arterial injury following a low-energy fall from standing that required angiographic intervention...
January 5, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051880/the-effect-of-additional-virtual-reality-training-on-balance-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-after-lower-limb-surgery-a-feasibility-study
#4
Pieter Meyns, Liene Pans, Kaat Plasmans, Lieve Heyrman, Kaat Desloovere, Guy Molenaers
OBJECTIVE: Impaired balance is disabling for children with cerebral palsy (CPc), especially for CPc who recently underwent lower limb surgery. Positive results of using virtual reality (VR) in balance rehabilitation have been published in several outpatient populations. We investigated the feasibility of applying additional VR training focused on sitting balance in CP inpatients of a rehabilitation center after lower limb surgery. Additionally, we investigated the rate of enjoyment of VR training compared with conventional physiotherapy...
January 4, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051342/effects-of-thermal-agent-and-physical-activity-on-muscle-tendon-stiffness-and-effects-combined-with-static-stretching
#5
Kosuke Fujita, Masatoshi Nakamura, Hiroki Umegaki, Takuya Kobayashi, Satoru Nishishita, Hiroki Tanaka, Satoko Ibuki, Noriaki Ichihashi
CONTEXT: A recent review or article reported that thermal agents (TA) or physical activity (PA) can increase range of motion (ROM), and that the combination of TA with stretching is superior to performing stretching only. However, since ROM is affected by the participants' psychological factors, it is questionable whether these studies measured the effect of these intervention on muscle flexibility. By measuring muscle stiffness, we attempted to evaluate the effect these intervention on muscle flexibility...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030491/severe-injuries-associated-with-skiing-and-snowboarding-a-national-trauma-data-bank-study
#6
Amory de Roulet, Kenji Inaba, Aaron Strumwasser, Konstantinos Chouliaras, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Injuries following skiing and snowboarding accidents lead to an estimated 7,000 hospital admissions annually and present a significant burden to the health care system. The epidemiology, injury patterns, hospital resource utilization, and outcomes associated with these severe injuries need further characterization. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank was queried for the period 2007-2014 for admissions with injury severity score (ISS) >15 and ICD-9 codes 885...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027845/differences-in-the-treatment-of-distal-radius-fractures-by-hand-fellowship-trained-surgeons-a-study-of-abos-candidate-data
#7
Sean Childs, Tobias Mann, Jason Dahl, John Ketz, Warren C Hammert, Peter M Murray, John Elfar
PURPOSE: The management of distal radius fractures differs based on the nature of the fracture and the experience of the surgeon. We hypothesized that patients requiring surgical intervention would undergo different procedures when in the care of a surgeon with subspecialty training in hand surgery as compared with surgeons with no subspecialty training in hand surgery. METHODS: We queried the ABOS database for case log information submitted for part II of the ABOS examination...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027387/impact-of-smoking-cessation-counseling-prior-to-total-joint-arthroplasty
#8
Sina Akhavan, Long-Co Nguyen, Vanessa Chan, Jamal Saleh, Kevin J Bozic
Perioperative smoking has been linked to surgical complications including poor wound healing, infection, myocardial infarction, prolonged length of stay, need for mechanical ventilation, and death. This study evaluated the effectiveness of preoperative counseling on smoking cessation for patients undergoing elective total joint arthroplasty. Thirty smokers with hip or knee osteoarthritis seeking hip or knee replacement surgery were enrolled prospectively. Interventions included counseling, referrals to smoking cessation programs including the California Smokers' Helpline and the Fontana Tobacco Treatment Program, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), or instructing patients quit through the "cold turkey" method of abstinence...
December 27, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025357/deconstructing-chronic-low-back-pain-in-the-older-adult-step-by-step-evidence-and-expert-based-recommendations-for-evaluation-and-treatment-part-xii-leg-length-discrepancy
#9
Mark Havran, Joel D Scholten, Paula Breuer, Jennifer Lundberg, Gary Kochersberger, Dave Newman, Debra K Weiner
 To present the last in a 12-part series designed to deconstruct chronic low back pain (CLBP) in older adults. This article focuses on leg length discrepancy (LLD) and presents an algorithm outlining approaches to diagnosis and management of LLD in older adults, along with a representative clinical case. METHODS : Using a modified Delphi approach, the LLD evaluation and treatment algorithm was developed by a multidisciplinary expert panel representing expertise in physical therapy, geriatric medicine, and physical medicine and rehabilitation...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017462/strain-initialized-robust-bone-surface-detection-in-3-d-ultrasound
#10
Mohammad Arafat Hussain, Antony J Hodgson, Rafeef Abugharbieh
Three-dimensional ultrasound has been increasingly considered as a safe radiation-free alternative to radiation-based fluoroscopic imaging for surgical guidance during computer-assisted orthopedic interventions, but because ultrasound images contain significant artifacts, it is challenging to automatically extract bone surfaces from these images. We propose an effective way to extract 3-D bone surfaces using a surface growing approach that is seeded from 2-D bone contours. The initial 2-D bone contours are estimated from a combination of ultrasound strain images and envelope power images...
December 22, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012598/mechanisms-underpinning-protection-against-eccentric-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-by-ischemic-preconditioning
#11
Alexander Franz, Michael Behringer, Kazunori Nosaka, Bettina Alexandra Buhren, Holger Schrumpf, Constantin Mayer, Christoph Zilkens, Moritz Schumann
Eccentric exercise training is effective for increasing muscle mass and strength, and improving insulin sensitivity and blood lipid profiles. However, potential muscle damage symptoms such as prolonged loss of muscle function and delayed onset of muscle soreness may restrict the use of eccentric exercise, especially in clinical populations. Therefore, strategies to reduce eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) are necessary, and an extensive number of scientific studies have tried to identify potential intervention modalities to perform eccentric exercises without adverse effects...
January 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011445/drivers-and-barriers-to-acceptance-of-web-based-aftercare-of-patients-in-inpatient-routine-care-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Severin Hennemann, Manfred E Beutel, Rüdiger Zwerenz
BACKGROUND: Web-based aftercare can help to stabilize treatment effects and support transition after inpatient treatment, yet uptake by patients seems limited in routine care and little is known about the mechanisms of adoption and implementation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to (1) determine acceptance of Web-based aftercare and (2) explore its drivers and barriers in different subgroups of a mixed inpatient sample. METHOD: In a cross-sectional design, 38...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009731/combining-systems-and-teamwork-approaches-to-enhance-the-effectiveness-of-safety-improvement-interventions-in-surgery-the-safer-delivery-of-surgical-services-s3-program
#13
Peter McCulloch, Lauren Morgan, Steve New, Ken Catchpole, Eleanor Roberston, Mohammed Hadi, Sharon Pickering, Gary Collins, Damian Griffin
IMPORTANCE: Patient safety improvement interventions usually address either work systems or team culture. We do not know which is more effective, or whether combining approaches is beneficial. OBJECTIVE: To compare improvement in surgical team performance after interventions addressing teamwork culture, work systems, or both. DESIGN: Suite of 5 identical controlled before-after intervention studies, with preplanned analysis of pooled data for indirect comparisons of strategies...
January 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009632/anti-nerve-growth-factor-therapy-increases-spontaneous-day-night-activity-in-mice-with-orthopedic-surgery-induced-pain
#14
Lisa A Majuta, Jean-Marc G Guedon, Stefanie A T Mitchell, Michael H Ossipov, Patrick W Mantyh
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) are two of the most common and successful surgical interventions to relieve osteoarthritis pain. Control of postoperative pain is critical for patients to fully participate in the required physical therapy which is the most influential factor in effective postoperative knee rehabilitation. Currently opiates are a mainstay for managing postoperative orthopedic surgery pain including TKA/THA pain. Recently, issues including efficacy, dependence, overdose and death from opiates have made clinicians and researchers more critical of use of opioids for treating non-malignant skeletal pain...
December 15, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009617/health-literacy-in-orthopedic-trauma-patients
#15
Filip Cosic, Lara Kimmel, Elton Edwards
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the level of health literacy in a post-operative orthopaedic trauma population, and evaluate the efficacy of a simple pre discharge discussion strategy, targeted at improving health literacy. DESIGN: A pre-post intervention study was conducted from April 2014 until January 2015. SETTING: Academic Level 1 trauma centre. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and ninety consecutive orthopaedic trauma patients with operatively managed lower limb fractures were recruited...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008429/applications-of-patient-specific-3d-printing-in-medicine
#16
Martin Heller, Heide-Katharina Bauer, Elisabeth Goetze, Matthias Gielisch, Klaus E Roth, Philipp Drees, Gerrit S Maier, Bernhard Dorweiler, Ahmed Ghazy, Meik Neufurth, Werner E G Müller, Heinz C Schröder, Xiaohong Wang, Christian-Friedrich Vahl, Bilal Al-Nawas
Already three decades ago, the potential of medical 3D printing (3DP) or rapid prototyping for improved patient treatment began to be recognized. Since then, more and more medical indications in different surgical disciplines have been improved by using this new technique. Numerous examples have demonstrated the enormous benefit of 3DP in the medical care of patients by, for example, planning complex surgical interventions preoperatively, reducing implantation steps and anesthesia times, and helping with intraoperative orientation...
2016: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008373/clinical-factors-disease-parameters-and-molecular-therapies-affecting-osseointegration-of-orthopedic-implants
#17
Hilal Maradit Kremers, Eric A Lewallen, Andre J van Wijnen, David G Lewallen
Total hip and knee arthroplasty are effective interventions for management of end-stage arthritis. Indeed, about 7 million Americans are currently living with artificial hip and knee joints. The majority of these individuals, however, will outlive their implants and require revision surgeries, mostly due to poor implant osseointegration and aseptic loosening. Revisions are potentially avoidable with better management of patient-related risk factors that affect the osseointegration of orthopedic implants. In this review, we summarize the published clinical literature on the role of demographics, biologic factors, comorbidities, medications and aseptic loosening risk...
September 2016: Current Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993504/ir-and-the-sunshine-act-two-year-analysis-of-the-open-payments-database-and-comparison-with-related-specialties
#18
Amanjit S Baadh, Palvir K Baadh, Shahidul Islam, Douglas S Katz
PURPOSE: To characterize medical industry-based payments made to US-based interventional radiology (IR) physicians, identify trends in compensation, and compare their payment profile with those of other related specialties, including vascular surgery (VS) and interventional cardiology (IC). Payments made to orthopedic surgery (OS) physicians are reported as a historical control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For each group, the total payment number, amount, and mean and median numbers and amounts were calculated...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989350/iatrogenic-arteriovenous-fistula-with-associated-pseudoaneurysm-of-posterior-tibial-artery-after-revision-total-ankle-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#19
Benjamin M Wooster, Nathan L Grimm, James K DeOrio, Suhail K Mithani
Iatrogenic vascular injuries in elective orthopedic surgery are rare. However, these are important complications to recognize early and treat appropriately because the potential sequelae can be devastating. Arteriovenous fistula of the lower extremity after total ankle arthroplasty has not been previously described in published studies. The proper diagnosis of arteriovenous fistulas can be difficult without a high index of suspicion, and treatment often involves surgical intervention. We present the case of a 62-year-old male who developed an iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula with associated pseudoaneurysm of the posterior tibial artery after revision total ankle arthroplasty that was treated with surgical ligation and excision, followed by reverse saphenous vein grafting...
January 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984493/anti-nerve-growth-factor-therapy-increases-spontaneous-day-night-activity-in-mice-with-orthopedic-surgery-induced-pain
#20
Lisa A Majuta, Jean-Marc G Guedon, Stefanie A T Mitchell, Michael H Ossipov, Patrick W Mantyh
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) are two of the most common and successful surgical interventions to relieve osteoarthritis pain. Control of postoperative pain is critical for patients to fully participate in the required physical therapy which is the most influential factor in effective postoperative knee rehabilitation. Currently opiates are a mainstay for managing postoperative orthopedic surgery pain including TKA/THA pain. Recently, issues including efficacy, dependence, overdose and death from opiates have made clinicians and researchers more critical of use of opioids for treating non-malignant skeletal pain...
December 15, 2016: Pain
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