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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222832/written-action-plans-for-children-with-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-data
#1
REVIEW
Andrea Waldecker, Alice Malpass, Anna King, Matthew J Ridd
BACKGROUND: Long-term conditions (LTCs) in children require a high level of self-management. Written action plans (WAPs) have been advocated to guide decision-making and support self-management but there is uncertainty about how WAPs "work" and what aspects are important for successful implementation. OBJECTIVE: To review and synthesize existing qualitative evidence about the design and use of WAPs across childhood LTCs. METHOD: We undertook a systematic search of the literature (Medline, EMBASE, CiNAHL, PsycInfo, Web of science) from inception to May 2015; critically appraised included studies; and synthesized the findings, drawing on normalisation process theory...
December 9, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222564/primary-blast-brain-injury-mechanisms-current-knowledge-limitations-and-future-directions
#2
Elizabeth Fievisohn, Zachary Bailey, Allison Guettler, Pamela VandeVord
Mild blast traumatic brain injury (bTBI) accounts for the majority of brain injury in United States service members and other military personnel worldwide. The mechanisms of primary blast brain injury continue to be disputed with little evidence to support one or a combination of theories. The main hypotheses addressed in this review are blast wave transmission through the skull orifices, direct cranial transmission, skull flexure dynamics, thoracic surge, acceleration, and cavitation. Each possible mechanism is discussed using available literature with the goal of focusing research efforts to address limitations and challenges that exist in blast injury research...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222560/masseteric-nerve-transfer-for-facial-nerve-paralysis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Alexander W Murphey, William B Clinkscales, Samuel L Oyer
Importance: A review of the role of masseteric nerve transfer is needed to guide its use in facial reanimation. Objective: To systematically review the available literature, and, when applicable, analyze the combined outcomes of masseteric nerve transfer to better define its role in reanimation and to guide further research. Data Sources: Two independent researchers conducted the review using PubMed-NCBI and Scopus literature databases for studies on masseteric nerve transfer for facial nerve paralysis...
December 7, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222229/visual-aids-for-patient-family-and-physician-decision-making-about-endovascular-thrombectomy-for-acute-ischemic-stroke
#4
Ivie Tokunboh, Marta Vales Montero, Matheus Fellipe Zopelaro Almeida, Latisha Sharma, Sidney Starkman, Viktor Szeder, Reza Jahan, David Liebeskind, Nestor Gonzalez, Andrew Demchuk, Michael T Froehler, Mayank Goyal, Maarten G Lansberg, Helmi Lutsep, Lee Schwamm, Jeffrey L Saver
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Rapid decision making optimizes outcomes from endovascular thrombectomy for acute cerebral ischemia. Visual displays facilitate swift review of potential outcomes and can accelerate decision processes. METHODS: From patient-level, pooled randomized trial data, 100 person-icon arrays (Kuiper-Marshall personographs) were generated showing beneficial and adverse effects of endovascular thrombectomy for patients with acute cerebral ischemia and large vessel occlusion using (1) automated (algorithmic) and (2) expert-guided joint outcome table specification...
December 8, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222060/cochrane-qualitative-and-implementation-methods-group-guidance-paper-5-reporting-guidelines-for-qualitative-implementation-and-process-evaluation-evidence-syntheses
#5
Kate Flemming, Andrew Booth, Karin Hannes, Margaret Cargo, Jane Noyes
OBJECTIVE: To outline contemporary and novel developments for presentation and reporting of syntheses of qualitative, implementation and process evaluation evidence, and provide recommendations for use of reporting guidelines. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: An overview of reporting guidelines for qualitative, implementation and process evaluation evidence syntheses drawing on current international literature and the collective expert knowledge of the Cochrane Qualitative and Implementation Methods Group...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221925/detecting-protein-aggregation-and-interactions-in-live-cells-a-guide-to-number-and-brightness
#6
REVIEW
Rory Nolan, Maro Iliopoulou, Luis Alvarez, Sergi Padilla-Parra
The possibility to detect and quantify protein-protein interactions with good spatial and temporal resolutions in live cells is crucial in biology. Number and Brightness is a powerful approach to detect both protein aggregation/desegregation dynamics and stoichiometry in live cells. Importantly, this technique can be applied in commercial set ups: both camera based and laser scanning microscopes. It provides pixel-by-pixel information on protein oligomeric states. If performed with two colours, the technique can retrieve the stoichiometry of the reaction under study...
December 5, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221541/the-global-health-nursing-imperative-using-competency-based-analysis-to-strengthen-accountability-for-population-focused-practice-education-and-research
#7
Barbara Joyce, Nancy Brown-Schott, Vicki Hicks, Regina Gina Johnson, Monica Harmon, Lucille Pilling
BACKGROUND: The Quad Council Competencies for Public Health Nurses are used to guide community and public health nursing course development in baccalaureate nursing programs. As clinical practice has expanded to global settings, the appropriateness of the 2011 Quad Council Public Health Nursing (PHN) Competencies to guide global clinical practice and evaluation was questioned. OBJECTIVE: To describe a comparison and analysis of three sets of competencies: PHN competencies, competencies for global health nurses, and interprofessional competencies for health professionals...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221450/peer-feedback-for-examiner-quality-assurance-on-mrcgp-international-south-asia-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
D P Perera, Marie Andrades, Val Wass
BACKGROUND: The International Membership Examination (MRCGP[INT]) of the Royal College of General Practitioners UK is a unique collaboration between four South Asian countries with diverse cultures, epidemiology, clinical facilities and resources. In this setting good quality assurance is imperative to achieve acceptable standards of inter rater reliability. This study aims to explore the process of peer feedback for examiner quality assurance with regard to factors affecting the implementation and acceptance of the method...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220481/blended-refuge-and-insect-resistance-management-for-insecticidal-corn
#9
David W Onstad, Andre L B Crespo, Zaiqi Pan, Philip R Crain, Stephen D Thompson, Clinton D Pilcher, Amit Sethi
In this review, we evaluate the intentional mixing or blending of insecticidal seed with refuge seed for managing resistance by insects to insecticidal corn (Zea mays). We first describe the pest biology and farming practices that will contribute to weighing trade-offs between using block refuges and blended refuges. Case studies are presented to demonstrate how the trade-offs will differ in different systems. We compare biological aspects of several abstract models to guide the reader through the history of modeling, which has played a key role in the promotion or denigration of blending in various scientific debates about insect resistance management for insecticidal crops...
December 4, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220303/locally-aggressive-connective-tissue-tumors
#10
Mrinal M Gounder, David M Thomas, William D Tap
In this review, we highlight the complexities of the natural history, biology, and clinical management of three intermediate connective tissue tumors: desmoid tumor (DT) or aggressive fibromatosis, tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) or diffuse-type pigmented villonodular synovitis (dtPVNS), and giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB). Intermediate histologies include tumors of both soft tissue and bone origin and are locally aggressive and rarely metastatic. Some common aspects to these tumors are that they can be locally infiltrative and/or impinge on critical organs, which leads to disfigurement, pain, loss of function and mobility, neurovascular compromise, and occasionally life-threatening consequences, such as mesenteric, bowel, ureteral, and/or bladder obstruction...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220211/percutaneous-image-guided-cryoneurolysis
#11
Ross W Bittman, Gail L Peters, Janice M Newsome, Eric B Friedberg, Jason W Mitchell, Jacquelyn M Knight, J David Prologo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review the available evidence regarding image-guided percutaneous cryoneurolysis, with a focus on indications, technique, efficacy, and potential complications. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous image-guided cryoneurolysis is safe and effective for the management of several well-described syndromes involving neuropathic pain. Additional rigorous prospective study is warranted to further define the efficacy and specific role of these interventions...
December 8, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220210/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-of-the-liver-optimizing-technique-and-clinical-applications
#12
Emily H T Pang, Andy Chan, Stephen G Ho, Alison C Harris
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review the general principles, technique, and clinical applications of contrast-enhanced ultrasound of the liver. CONCLUSION: Proper technique and optimization of contrast-enhanced ultrasound require a balance between maintaining the integrity of the microbubble contrast agent and preserving the ultrasound signal. Established and emerging applications in the liver include diagnosis of focal lesions, aiding ultrasound-guided intervention, monitoring of therapy, and aiding surgical management...
December 8, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220207/mr-imaging-of-muscle-trauma-anatomy-biomechanics-pathophysiology-and-imaging-appearance
#13
Dyan V Flores, Catalina Mejía Gómez, Mauricio Estrada-Castrillón, Edward Smitaman, Mini N Pathria
Muscle is an important component of the muscle-tendon-bone unit, driving skeletal motion through contractions that alter the length of the muscle. The muscle and myotendinous junction (MTJ) are most commonly injured in the young adult, as a result of indirect mechanisms such as overuse or stretching, direct impact (penetrating or nonpenetrating), or dysfunction of the supporting connective tissues. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is widely used for assessment of muscle injuries. This review illustrates the MR imaging appearance of a broad spectrum of acute, subacute, and chronic traumatic lesions of muscle, highlighting the pathophysiology, biomechanics, and anatomic considerations underlying these lesions...
December 8, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219857/a-literature-review-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-dealing-with-complications
#14
Hatice Pars, Hicran Çavuşoğlu
Sufficient energy and essential nutrients are vital for normal growth and development in childhood. Ideally, nutrition should be provided orally. However, if the gastrointestinal system is functional, enteral tube feeding can be used when nutritional requirements cannot be provided orally, thus providing nutritional benefits and enabling positive disease management in pediatric patients. Postoperative care in children allows monitoring of the position and functionality of the tube; performing nutrition intolerance, growth, hydration, and nutritional assessments; and performing metabolic and complication follow-ups...
December 6, 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219102/canadian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-0-4%C3%A2-years-an-integration-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-sleep
#15
Mark S Tremblay, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Kristi B Adamo, Salomé Aubert, Joel D Barnes, Louise Choquette, Mary Duggan, Guy Faulkner, Gary S Goldfield, Casey E Gray, Reut Gruber, Katherine Janson, Ian Janssen, Xanne Janssen, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Nicholas Kuzik, Claire LeBlanc, Joanna MacLean, Anthony D Okely, Veronica J Poitras, Mary-Ellen Rayner, John J Reilly, Margaret Sampson, John C Spence, Brian W Timmons, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology convened representatives of national organizations, research experts, methodologists, stakeholders, and end-users who followed rigorous and transparent guideline development procedures to create the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years (0-4 years): An Integration of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Sleep. These novel guidelines for children of the early years embrace the natural and intuitive integration of movement behaviours across the whole day (24-h period)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219094/a-collaborative-approach-to-adopting-adapting-guidelines-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-birth-to-5-years-an-integration-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-sleep
#16
Anthony D Okely, Davina Ghersi, Kylie D Hesketh, Rute Santos, Sarah P Loughran, Dylan P Cliff, Trevor Shilton, David Grant, Rachel A Jones, Rebecca M Stanley, Julie Sherring, Trina Hinkley, Stewart G Trost, Clare McHugh, Simon Eckermann, Karen Thorpe, Karen Waters, Timothy S Olds, Tracy Mackey, Rhonda Livingstone, Hayley Christian, Harriette Carr, Adam Verrender, João R Pereira, Zhiguang Zhang, Katherine L Downing, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: In 2017, the Australian Government funded the update of the National Physical Activity Recommendations for Children 0-5 years, with the intention that they be an integration of movement behaviours across the 24-h period. The benefit for Australia was that it could leverage research in Canada in the development of their 24-h guidelines for the early years. Concurrently, the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group published a model to produce guidelines based on adoption, adaption and/or de novo development using the GRADE evidence-to-decision framework...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218760/a-systematic-review-of-immunosuppressant-adherence-interventions-in-transplant-recipients-decoding-the-streetlight-effect
#17
REVIEW
S Duncan, R A Annunziato, C Dunphy, D LaPointe Rudow, B L Shneider, E Shemesh
Non-adherence to immunosuppressant medications is an important risk factor for graft dysfunction. To evaluate the effectiveness of adherence-enhancing interventions, we reviewed adherence intervention studies in solid organ transplant recipients (all ages). Using the following databases: PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus, and ScienceDirect, we identified 41 eligible studies. Only three non-randomized trials showed a possible positive effect on objective indicators of transplant outcomes (such as rejection, liver enzyme levels, kidney function)...
December 7, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218682/the-rimes-statement-a-checklist-to-assess-the-quality-of-studies-evaluating-risk-minimization-programs-for-medicinal-products
#18
Meredith Y Smith, Andrea Russell, Priya Bahri, Peter G M Mol, Sarah Frise, Emily Freeman, Elaine H Morrato
INTRODUCTION: Pharmaceutical risk minimization programs involve interventions designed to support safe and appropriate use of medicines. Currently, information regarding the evaluation of these programs is not publicly reported in a standardized and transparent manner. To address this gap, we developed and piloted a quality reporting checklist entitled the Reporting recommendations Intended for pharmaceutical risk Minimization Evaluation Studies (RIMES). METHODS: Checklist development was guided by three sources: (1) a theoretical framework derived from program theory and process evaluation; (2) public health intervention design and evaluation principles; and (3) a review of existing quality reporting checklists...
December 7, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218317/agreement-between-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-and-endobiliary-brush-cytology-in-suspected-pancreaticobiliary-malignancies
#19
Matthew J Sullivan, Hope Kincaid, Shashin Shah, Hiral N Shah
Background and study aims:  For suspected pancreaticobiliary malignancies, endobiliary brush cytology during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) remains the diagnostic test of choice despite historically poor and variable sensitivity. This has led to increased use of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) as an initial test. Recently, our institution began using a cytology brush that was designed specifically to collect a more substantial and higher-quality sample...
December 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218269/blood-based-biomarkers-for-precision-medicine-in-lung-cancer-precision-radiation-therapy
#20
REVIEW
Dirk De Ruysscher, Jianyue Jin, Tim Lautenschlaeger, Jin-Xiong She, Zhongxing Liao, Feng-Ming Spring Kong
Both tumors and patients are complex and models that determine survival and toxicity of radiotherapy or any other treatment ideally must take into account this variability as well as its dynamic state. The genetic features of the tumor and the host, and increasingly also the epi-genetic and proteomic characteristics, are being unraveled. Multiple techniques, including histological examination, blood sampling, measurement of circulating tumor cells (CTCs), and functional and molecular imaging, can be used for this purpose...
December 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
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