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in vivo hemolysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721663/influence-of-direct-or-indirect-contact-for-the-cytotoxicity-and-blood-compatibility-of-spider-silk
#1
J W Kuhbier, V Coger, J Mueller, C Liebsch, F Schlottmann, V Bucan, P M Vogt, S Strauss
Spider silk became one of the most-researched biomaterials in the last years due to its unique mechanical strength and most favourable chemical composition for tissue engineering purposes. However, standardized analysis of cytocompatibility is missing. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate hemolysis, cytotoxicity of native spider silk as well as influences on the cell culture medium. Changes of cell culture medium composition, osmolarity as well as glucose and lactate content were determined via ELISA measurement...
August 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685550/a-comprehensive-evaluation-of-application-of-light-cured-colored-compomer-for-deciduous-teeth
#2
L J Yan, P Chang, R H Tian
Twinky Star colored compomer produced by VOCO GmbH is a new type of filling material designed with seven different colors. Previous studies have shown that using the colored filling material can induce children’s curiosity and increase the acceptance for dental treatment. However, few studies have been conducted to evaluate it. Hence, the present study was designed to assess the mechanical and adhesive properties of this new compomer, examine its biological safety, and evaluate the effects of its clinical application on children’s adherence to dental treatment and the subsequent therapeutic outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678175/the-mo%C3%A2-cl14-2-cluster-is-biologically-secure-and-has-anti-rotavirus-activity-in-vitro
#3
Edgardo Rojas-Mancilla, Alexis Oyarce, Viviana Verdugo, Cesar Morales-Verdejo, Cesar Echeverria, Felipe Velásquez, Jonas Chnaiderman, Fernando Valiente-Echeverría, Rodrigo Ramirez-Tagle
The molybdenum cluster [Mo₆Cl14](2-) is a fluorescent component with potential for use in cell labelling and pharmacology. Biological safety and antiviral properties of the cluster are as yet unknown. Here, we show the effect of acute exposition of human cells and red blood cells to the molybdenum cluster and its interaction with proteins and antiviral activity in vitro. We measured cell viability of HepG2 and EA.hy926 cell lines exposed to increasing concentrations of the cluster (0.1 to 250 µM), by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetric assay...
July 5, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677399/super-cationic-carbon-quantum-dots-synthesized-from-spermidine-as-an-eye-drop-formulation-for-topical-treatment-of-bacterial-keratitis
#4
Hong-Jyuan Jian, Ren-Siang Wu, Tzu-Yu Lin, Yu-Jia Li, Han-Jia Lin, Scott G Harroun, Jui-Yang Lai, Chih-Ching Huang
We have developed a one-step method to synthesize carbon quantum dots (CQDPAs) from biogenic polyamines (PAs) as an antibacterial agent for topical treatment of bacterial keratitis (BK). CQDs synthesized by direct pyrolysis of spermidine (Spd) powder through a simple dry heating treatment exhibit a solubility and yield much higher than those from putrescine and spermine. We demonstrate that CQDs obtained from Spds (CQDSpds) possess effective antibacterial activities against non-multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis bacteria and also against the multidrug-resistant bacteria, methicillin-resistant S...
July 5, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663087/superiority-of-aromatase-inhibitor-and-cyclooxygenase-2-inhibitor-combined-delivery-hyaluronate-targeted-versus-pegylated-protamine-nanocapsules-for-breast-cancer-therapy
#5
Ahmed O Elzoghby, Shaimaa K Mostafa, Maged W Helmy, Maha A ElDemellawy, Salah A Sheweita
Despite several reports have revealed the beneficial effect of co-administration of COX-2 inhibitors with aromatase inhibitors in managing postmenopausal breast cancer; no nanocarriers for such combined delivery have been developed till now. Therefore, protamine nanocapsules (PMN-NCs) have been developed to co-deliver letrozole (LTZ) that inhibits aromatase-mediated estrogen biosynthesis and celecoxib (CXB) that synergistically inhibits aromatase expression. Inspired by the CD44-mediated tumor targeting ability of hyaluronate (HA), we developed HA-coated PMN-NCs (HA-NCs) via electrostatic layer-by-layer assembly...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657606/fabrication-and-cytotoxicity-of-gemcitabine-functionalized-magnetite-nanoparticles
#6
Roxana Cristina Popescu, Ecaterina Andronescu, Bogdan Ștefan Vasile, Roxana Truşcă, Adina Boldeiu, Laurențiu Mogoantă, George Dan Mogoșanu, Mihaela Temelie, Mihai Radu, Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu, Diana Savu
Nanotechnology has been successfully used for the fabrication of targeted anti-cancer drug carriers. This study aimed to obtain Fe₃O₄ nanoparticles functionalized with Gemcitabine to improve the cytotoxic effects of the chemotherapeutic substance on cancer cells. The (un) functionalized magnetite nanoparticles were synthesized using a modified co-precipitation method. The nanoconjugate characterization was performed by XRD, SEM, SAED and HRTEM; the functionalizing of magnetite with anti-tumor substances has been highlighted through TGA...
June 28, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637416/mixed-micelles-as-nano-polymer-therapeutics-of-docetaxel-increased-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-and-decreased-in-vivo-toxicity
#7
Arehalli S Manjappa, Popat S Kumbhar, Prajakta S Khopade, Ajit B Patil, John I Disouza
Docetaxel (DTX) has been used to treat several types of cancers, but it has provided pharmaceutical challenges due to its poor water solubility and toxicities associated with the co-solvents (tween-80 and ethanol). Nanopolymer therapeutics can be engineered to deliver anticancer agent specifically to cancer cells, thereby leaving normal healthy cells unaffected by toxic drugs such as DTX. The objective of the present study was to synthesize the polyacrylic acid (PAA)-DTX conjugate (PAADC) and preparation of nanopolymer therapeutics such as PAADC/DSPE-mPEG2000 mixed micelles (PAADC-DP MMs)...
June 21, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617574/synergistic-suppression-of-tumor-angiogenesis-by-the-co-delivering-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-targeted-sirna-and-candesartan-mediated-by-functionalized-carbon-nanovectors
#8
Xuefang Ding, Yujie Su, Cheng Wang, Fangrong Zhang, Kerong Chen, Yu Wang, Min Li, Wei Wang
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) with unique physicochemical properties have exhibited promising biomedical applications as drug and gene carriers. In this study, polyethylenimine (PEI)-modified SWNT conjugates linked with candesartan (CD) were developed to deliver vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted siRNA (siVEGF) for the synergistic and targeted treatment of tumor angiogenesis. The characterization results revealed that SWNT-PEI-CD conjugates were successfully synthesized and exhibited desirable dispersibility and superior stability...
July 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608677/block-copolymer-based-nanoparticles-for-theranostic-intervention-of-cervical-cancer-synthesis-pharmacokinetics-and-in-vitro-in-vivo-evaluation-in-hela-xenograft-models
#9
Shweta Dumoga, Yogesh Rai, Anant Narayan Bhatt, Anjani Kumar Tiwari, Surendra Singh, Anil K Mishra, Dipti Kakkar
Polymer-based nanoparticles have proven to be viable carriers of therapeutic agents. In this study, we have developed nanoparticles (NPs) from polypeptide-polyethylene glycol based triblock and diblock copolymers. The synthesized block copolymers poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(glutamic acid)-b-poly(ethylene glycol) (GEG) and poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(glutamic acid) (EG) conjugated with folic acid for targeting specificity (EGFA) have been used to encapsulate methotrexate (MTX) to form M-GEG and M-EGFA NPs aimed at passive and active targeting of cervical carcinoma...
July 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576032/hyperbranched-polyglycerol-modified-graphene-oxide-as-an-efficient-drug-carrier-with-good-biocompatibility
#10
Shansong Mu, Guowei Li, Yuanyuan Liang, Ting Wu, Dong Ma
As a promising drug carrier, graphene oxide (GO) has been studied widely in drug delivery due to its excellent loading ability to aromatic drugs. However, its biocompatibility, such as stability and blood compatibility, is now the biggest obstacle for its further application. Herein, the hyperbranched polyglycerol (HPG)-modified GO was prepared through the anionic ring-opening polymerization using GO as the initiator directly, and then the doxorubicin hydrochloride was loaded and showed obvious cytotoxicity to tumor cells...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569502/prevention-of-bacterial-colonization-on-catheters-by-a-one-step-coating-process-involving-an-antibiofouling-polymer-in-water
#11
Hyeongseop Keum, Jin Yong Kim, Byeongjun Yu, Seung Jung Yu, Jinjoo Kim, Hyungsu Jeon, Dong Yun Lee, Sung Gap Im, Sangyong Jon
As reports of multidrug resistant pathogens have increased, patients with implanted medical catheters increasingly need alternative solutions to antibiotic treatments. As most catheter-related infections are directly associated with biofilm formation on the catheter surface, which, once formed, is difficult to eliminate, a promising approach to biofilm prevention involves inhibiting the initial adhesion of bacteria to the surface. In this study, we report an amphiphilic, antifouling polymer, poly(DMA-mPEGMA-AA) that can facilely coat the surfaces of commercially available catheter materials in water and prevent bacterial adhesion to and subsequent colonization of the surface, giving rise to an antibiofilm surface...
June 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555930/safety-of-acoustic-separation-in-plastic-devices-for-extracorporeal-blood-processing
#12
William J Savage, John R Burns, Jason Fiering
BACKGROUND: Acoustic cell separation uses ultrasound waves to separate cells from plasma to perform plasmapheresis. Although the fundamental process has been studied for decades, no acoustic cell separation has been studied in a disposable plastic format suitable for clinical applications. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We developed a disposable, rectangular, polystyrene microchannel acoustic cell-separation system and applied acoustic energy relevant for plasmapheresis...
May 28, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554995/curcuma-mangga-mediated-synthesis-of-gold-nanoparticles-characterization-stability-cytotoxicity-and-blood-compatibility
#13
Yiing Yee Foo, Vengadesh Periasamy, Lik Voon Kiew, G Gnana Kumar, Sri Nurestri Abd Malek
The utilization of toxic chemicals as reducing and stabilizing agents in the preparation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) has increased in vivo toxicity and thus limited its application in clinical settings. Herein, we propose an alternative method of preparing highly stable AuNPs, where non-toxic Curcuma mangga (CM) extract was used as a single reducing and stabilizing agent to overcome the aforementioned constraints. The morphological images enunciated that the homogeneously dispersed AuNPs exhibited spherical morphology with an average particle diameter of 15...
May 27, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504558/nanoformulated-water-soluble-paclitaxel-to-enhance-drug-efficacy-and-reduce-hemolysis-side-effect
#14
Weiting Gu, Jie Chen, Prabir Patra, Xiaoyan Yang, Quanrong Gu, Lingxuan Wei, Jason P Acker, Beihua Kong
Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy are the three top cancer treatment modalities. Paclitaxel (PTX) is one of the most widely used chemotherapy drugs. However, its clinical applications have been significantly limited due to: (i) serious hemolysis effect of currently available commercial paclitaxel formulations and (ii) its water insolubility. An easy way to deliver paclitaxel by a new nanocarrier system using pluronic copolymers of P123/F68 and Sorbitan monopalmitate (Span 40) was reported in our previous research article...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503385/intervention-effects-of-five-cations-and-their-correction-on-hemolytic-activity-of-tentacle-extract-from-the-jellyfish-cyanea-capillata
#15
Hui Zhang, Qianqian Wang, Liang Xiao, Liming Zhang
Cations have generally been reported to prevent jellyfish venom-induced hemolysis through multiple mechanisms by spectrophotometry. Little attention has been paid to the potential interaction between cations and hemoglobin, potentially influencing the antagonistic effect of cations. Here, we explored the effects of five reported cations, La(3+), Mn(2+), Zn(2+), Cu(2+) and Fe(2+), on a hemolytic test system and the absorbance of hemoglobin, which was further used to measure their effects on the hemolysis of tentacle extract (TE) from the jellyfish Cyanea capillata...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500731/alternative-plasticizer-4-cyclohexene-1-2-dicarboxylic-acid-dinonyl-ester-for-blood-containers-with-protective-effects-on-red-blood-cells-and-improved-cold-resistance
#16
Yuki Morishita, Yusuke Nomura, Chie Fukui, Ayano Fujisawa, Kayo Watanabe, Hideo Fujimaki, Hidefumi Kumada, Kaoru Inoue, Tomomi Morikawa, Miwa Takahashi, Tsuyoshi Kawakami, Hideyuki Sakoda, Tomokazu Mukai, Toshiyasu Yuba, Ken-Ichi Inamura, Akito Tanoue, Ken-Ichi Miyazaki, Ung-Il Chung, Kumiko Ogawa, Midori Yoshida, Yuji Haishima
Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), a typical plasticizer used for polyvinyl chloride (PVC), is eluted from PVC-made blood containers and protects against red blood cell (RBC) hemolysis. However, concerns have arisen regarding the reproductive and developmental risks of DEHP in humans, and the use of alternative plasticizers for medical devices has been recommended worldwide. In this study, we propose that the use of a novel plasticizer, 4-cyclohexene-1,2-dicarboxylic acid dinonyl ester (DL9TH), could help produce more useful and safe blood containers...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485579/marriage-of-albumin-gadolinium-complexes-and-mos2-nanoflakes-as-cancer-theranostics-for-dual-modality-magnetic-resonance-photoacoustic-imaging-and-photothermal-therapy
#17
Liang Chen, Xiaojun Zhou, Wei Nie, Wei Feng, Qianqian Zhang, Weizhong Wang, Yanzhong Zhang, Zhigang Chen, Peng Huang, Chuanglong He
The construction of safe and stable theranostics is beneficial to realize simultaneous cancer diagnosis and treatment. In this study, bovine serum albumin-gadolinium (BSA-Gd) complexes and MoS2 nanoflakes (MoS2-Gd-BSA) were successfully married as cancer theranostics for dual-modality magnetic resonance (MR)/photoacoustic (PA) imaging and photothermal therapy (PTT). BSA-Gd complexes were prepared by the biomineralization method and then conjugated with MoS2 nanoflakes via an amide bond. The as-prepared MoS2-Gd-BSA possessed a good photostability and photothermal effect...
May 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482571/optimization-and-development-of-maghemite-%C3%AE-fe2o3-filled-poly-l-lactic-acid-plla-thermoplastic-polyurethane-tpu-electrospun-nanofibers-using-taguchi-orthogonal-array-for-tissue-engineering-heart-valve
#18
Ehsan Fallahiarezoudar, Mohaddeseh Ahmadipourroudposht, Ani Idris, Noordin Mohd Yusof
Tissue engineering (TE) is an advanced principle to develop a neotissue that can resemble the original tissue characteristics with the capacity to grow, to repair and to remodel in vivo. This research proposed the optimization and development of nanofiber based scaffold using the new mixture of maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) filled poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA)/thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) for tissue engineering heart valve (TEHV). The chemical, structural, biological and mechanical properties of nanofiber based scaffold were characterized in terms of morphology, porosity, biocompatibility and mechanical behaviour...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481506/functional-silver-nanocomposites-as-broad-spectrum-antimicrobial-and-biofilm-disrupting-agents
#19
Qianqian Guo, Yu Zhao, Xiaomei Dai, Tianqi Zhang, Yunjian Yu, Xinge Zhang, Chaoxing Li
Biofilms' tolerance has become a serious clinical concern due to their formidable resistance to conventional antibiotics and prevalent virulence. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop alternative antimicrobial agents to eradicate biofilms but avoid using antibiotics. Herein, we successfully developed polymer functional silver nanocomposites by reduction of silver nitrate in the presence of a biocompatible carbohydrate polymer and a membrane-disrupting cationic polymer. The nanocomposites presented effective antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli) and Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens)...
May 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475918/inhibition-of-the-infectivity-and-inflammatory-response-of-influenza-virus-by-arbidol-hydrochloride-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-mice-and-ferret
#20
Yutao Wang, Yuewen Ding, Chunguang Yang, Runfeng Li, Qiuling Du, Yanbing Hao, Zhengtu Li, Haiming Jiang, Jin Zhao, Qiaoyan Chen, Zifeng Yang, Zhanlong He
Influenza virus infections are the main contagious respiratory disease with high levels of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Antiviral drugs are indispensable for the prophylaxis and treatment of influenza and other respiratory viral infections. In this study, the Arbidol hydrochloride (ARB), which has been licensed in Russia and China, is used to investigate its anti-viral and anti-inflammatory efficacy in vitro and in vivo. The antiviral results in vitro showed that ARB had a better inhibition on Influenza virus A/PR/8/34 (H1N1), A/Guangdong/GIRD07/09 (H1N1), A/Aichi/2/68 (H3N2), A/HK/Y280/97 (H9N2) with IC50 ranging from 4...
July 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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