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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027039/patterns-of-alcohol-abuse-depression-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-township-mothers-in-south-africa-over-5-years
#1
Emily C Davis, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Thomas W Weichle, Roxana Rezai, Mark Tomlinson
Alcohol is a major contributor to the global burden of disease. In South Africa, alcohol abuse is hypothesized to correlate with women's HIV status, mental health, and partner relationships over time. All pregnant women in 12 urban, low-income, Cape Town neighborhoods were interviewed at baseline, post-birth, and at 6, 12, 36, and 60 months following delivery with retention rates from 82.5 to 94%. Women were assessed for any alcohol use, problematic drinking, depression, intimate partner violence, and HIV status...
October 12, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025483/depressive-symptoms-and-hazardous-harmful-alcohol-use-are-prevalent-and-correlate-with-stigma-among-tb-hiv-patients-in-lesotho
#2
E Hayes-Larson, Y Hirsch-Moverman, S Saito, K Frederix, B Pitt, L Maama-Maime, A A Howard
SETTING: Limited data exist on the prevalence and correlates, including stigma, of mental health conditions, including depressive symptoms and alcohol use, among patients co-infected with tuberculosis (TB) and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in sub-Saharan Africa, despite their negative impact on health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms and hazardous/harmful alcohol use among TB-HIV patients in the Start TB patients on ART and Retain on Treatment (START) study...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023938/a-pharmacist-led-program-to-evaluate-and-reduce-polypharmacy-and-potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-in-older-hiv-positive-patients
#3
I R McNicholl, M Gandhi, C Bradley Hare, M Greene, E Pierluissi
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this pharmacist-led study was to utilize 2 validated instruments, Beers and Screening Tool of Older Persons' Potentially inappropriate Prescriptions (STOPP), to assess potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in older patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and evaluate pharmacist interventions. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, interventional trial. SETTING: Large urban clinic providing interdisciplinary primary and HIV care for approximately 2700 HIV-positive, publically insured patients...
October 10, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021107/marijuana-use-and-hiv-treatment-outcomes-among-pwh-receiving-care-at-an-urban-hiv-clinic
#4
Sagarika Sinha, Mary E McCaul, Heidi E Hutton, Anne K Monroe, Anika Alvanzo, Catherine Lesko, Bryan Lau, Jeanne Keruly, Richard D Moore, Geetanjali Chander
BACKGROUND: While marijuana use is prevalent among persons with HIV (PWH), few studies have examined the relationship between marijuana use and HIV treatment outcomes independent of alcohol and other drug use. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study to examine the relationships between frequency of marijuana use and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and viral suppression in patients enrolled in the Johns Hopkins HIV Clinical Cohort between September 2013 through November 2015 (N=1377)...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020850/household-food-security-and-hiv-status-in-rural-and-urban-communities-in-the-free-state-province-south-africa
#5
Michélle Pienaar, Francois C van Rooyen, Corinna M Walsh
Higher socioeconomic status impacts profoundly on quality of life. Life-event stressors, such as loss of employment, marital separation/divorce, death of a spouse and food insecurity, have been found to accelerate disease progression among people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The objective of this study was to determine significant independent sociodemographic and food security factors associated with HIV status in people from rural and urban communities in the Assuring Health for All study, which was undertaken in rural Trompsburg, Philippolis and Springfontein and urban Mangaung, in the Free State Province of South Africa...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019527/factors-related-to-the-perceived-stigmatization-of-people-living-with-hiv
#6
Juliano de Souza Caliari, Sheila Araujo Teles, Renata Karina Reis, Elucir Gir
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing the factors related to perceived stigmatization of people living with HIV. METHOD: A cross-sectional study conducted from September of 2014 to December 2015 with users from a specialized service in Minas Gerais. Data were collected through individual instrument application, organized in Microsoft Office Excel(r) 2010 spreadsheets and processed on IBM(r) SPSS 23.0. Descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression method were used for data analysis, adopting statistical significance set at 5...
October 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019412/associations-between-hiv-related-stigma-self-esteem-social-support-and-depressive-symptoms-in-namibia
#7
Eveline Ndii Kalomo
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to investigate the association between HIV-related stigma, self-esteem, social support, and depression of people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) in Namibia. METHOD: Purposive sampling was used to recruit a total of 124 men and women living with HIV/AIDS in the Katima Mulilo region of northern Namibia. A cross-sectional survey was used to collect information on demographics, self-esteem, social support, HIV-related stigma, and depression...
October 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017375/hiv-nurse-navigation-charting-the-course-to-improve-engagement-in-care-and-hiv-virologic-suppression
#8
Octaviana Hemmy Asamsama, Leah Squires, Alpha Tessema, Ephrem Rae, Karen Hall, Rush Williams, Debra Benator
This study represents one of the few exploring the effectiveness of an integrated HIV nurse navigation program on engagement and virologic outcomes. A navigator provided individualized care management (eg, pillbox renewals), intensive outreach, and collaboration with existing support systems (eg, families, community programs). Clinical data from the Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center site of a longitudinal, observational study of HIV in the District of Columbia (DC) cohort were used for comparison (N = 706)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016449/self-reported-decline-in-everyday-function-cognitive-symptoms-and-cognitive-function-in-people-with-hiv
#9
Rosanna Laverick, Lewis Haddow, Marina Daskalopoulou, Fiona Lampe, Richard Gilson, Andrew Speakman, Andrea Antinori, Tina Bruun, Anna Vassilenko, Simon Collins, Alison Rodger
BACKGROUND: We determined factors associated with self-reported decline in activities of daily living (ADLs) and symptoms of cognitive impairment in HIV positive adults in 5 European clinics. METHODS: HIV+ adults underwent computerized and pen-and-paper neuropsychological tests and questionnaires of cognitive symptoms and ADLs. We considered cognitive function in 5 domains, psychosocial factors, and clinical parameters as potentially associated with symptoms. Separate regression analyses were used to determine factors associated with a decline in ADL (defined as self-reported decline affecting ≥2 ADLs and attributed to cognitive difficulties) and self-reported frequency of symptoms of cognitive impairment...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991146/effect-of-caregiver-training-on-the-neurodevelopment-of-hiv-exposed-uninfected-children-and-caregiver-mental-health-a-ugandan-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Michael J Boivin, Noeline Nakasujja, Itziar Familiar-Lopez, Sarah M Murray, Alla Sikorskii, Jorem Awadu, Cilly Shohet, Deborah Givon, Horacio Ruiseñor-Escudero, Elizabeth E Schut, Robert O Opoka, Judith K Bass
OBJECTIVE: Early childhood development programs typically combine healthy nutrition and cognitive stimulation in an integrated model. We separately delivered these 2 components in a cluster-randomized controlled trial to evaluate their comparative effectiveness in promoting healthy child development and caregiver mental health. This is the first study to do so for HIV-affected children and their infected mothers. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-one HIV-exposed but uninfected child (2-3 years old) and caregiver dyads in 18 geographic clusters in Eastern Uganda were randomized by cluster to receive biweekly individualized sessions of either (1) Mediational Intervention for Sensitizing Caregivers (MISC) training emphasizing cognitive stimulation or (2) Uganda Community Based Association for Child Welfare (UCOBAC) program that delivered health and nutrition training...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990883/learning-to-address-multiple-syndemics-for-people-living-with-hiv-through-client-perspectives-on-cbt
#11
Nicholas S Perry, Jocelyn E Remmert, Christina Psaros, Megan Pinkston, Steven A Safren
OBJECTIVE: The mental health burden among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is high and often involves multiple comorbid psychological and substance use-related psychosocial problems. These co-occurring problems, or syndemics, additively impair engagement in HIV disease management. Existing psychotherapies for mental health and HIV health have generally focused on a single psychosocial problem and little research exists to guide future psychotherapies that address multiple mental health issues...
October 9, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990409/hiv-primary-care-by-the-infectious-disease-physician-in-the-united-states-extending-the-continuum-of-care
#12
Seetha Lakshmi, Susan E Beekmann, Philip M Polgreen, Allan Rodriguez, Maria L Alcaide
Models of care for people living with HIV (PLWH) have varied over time due to long term survival, development of HIV-associated non-AIDS conditions, and HIV specific primary care guidelines that differ from those of the general population. The objectives of this study are to assess how often infectious disease (ID) physicians provide primary care for PLWH, assess their practice patterns and barriers in the provision of primary care. We used a 6-item survey electronically distributed to ID physician members of Emerging Infections Network (EIN)...
October 9, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989210/the-relationship-between-automatic-thoughts-and-depression-in-a-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-people-living-with-hiv-aids-exploring-temporality-and-causality
#13
Kristen E Riley, Jasper S Lee, Steven A Safren
Depression in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is highly prevalent and related to worse adherence to antiretroviral therapy, but is amenable to change via CBT. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) specifically addresses negative automatic thoughts (ATs) as one component of the treatment. There is little research on the temporal nature of the relation between ATs and depression. HIV-positive adults with depression (N=240) were randomized to CBT-AD, information/supportive psychotherapy for adherence and depression (ISP-AD), or one session of adherence counseling alone (ETAU)...
October 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988793/the-combined-roles-of-nonsomatic-depressive-symptomatology-neurocognitive-function-and-current-substance-use-in-medication-adherence-in-adults-living-with-hiv-infection
#14
Travis M Scott, Desiree Byrd, Miguel Arce Rentería, Kelly Coulehan, Caitlin Miranda, Armando Fuentes, Monica Rivera Mindt
Depression, global neurocognitive (GNC) function, and substance use disorders (SUDs) are each associated with medication adherence in persons living with HIV (PLWH). Because somatic symptoms can inflate depression scores in PLWH, the role of nonsomatic depressive symptomatology (NSDS) should be considered in adherence. However, the combined roles of NSDS, GNC function, and current SUDs in predicting combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) adherence remain poorly understood. Forty PLWH (70% Latina/o; 30% non-Hispanic White) completed psychiatric/SUD, neurocognitive, and self-report cART adherence evaluations...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986652/infant-development-and-pre-and-post-partum-depression-in-rural-south-african-hiv-infected-women
#15
Violeta J Rodriguez, Gladys Matseke, Ryan Cook, Seanna Bellinger, Stephen M Weiss, Maria L Alcaide, Karl Peltzer, Doyle Patton, Maria Lopez, Deborah L Jones
HIV-exposed infants born to depressed women may be at risk for adverse developmental outcomes. Half of HIV-infected women in rural South Africa (SA) may suffer from pregnancy-related depression. This pilot study examined the impact of depression in HIV-infected women in rural SA on infant development. Mother-infant dyads (N = 69) were recruited in rural SA. Demographics, HIV disclosure, depression, male involvement, and alcohol use at baseline (18.35 ± 5.47 weeks gestation) were assessed. Male involvement, depression, infant HIV serostatus and development were assessed 12 months postnatally...
October 6, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971701/high-prevalence-of-psychiatric-and-substance-use-disorders-among-persons-seeking-treatment-for-hiv-and-other-stis-in-jamaica-a-short-report
#16
Sharlene Beckford Jarrett, Winston De La Haye, Zahra Miller, J Peter Figueroa, Jacqueline Duncan, Kevin Harvey
This cross-sectional study explored the range of psychiatric and substance use disorders and unmet need for mental health care among 84 HIV-positive and 44 HIV-negative public clinic attendees in Jamaica. We used a brief interviewer-administered diagnostic tool, the Client Diagnostic Questionnaire. Two-thirds (65.6%) screened positive for at least one psychiatric disorder; 30.5% screened positive for multiple disorders. The most common disorders were post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (41.4%), alcohol abuse (22...
October 3, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969428/is-it-possible-to-control-hiv-infection-in-a-middle-income-country-through-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#17
Jorge Casseb, Luiz Augusto M Fonseca, Alberto Duarte
Despite the difficulties to follow and retain patients for a long time in the public health service, special programs may bring about increased chances of survival and better quality of life, as well as higher rates of retention in care; this is also true for middle-income developing countries such as Brazil. Our relatively small outpatient service (~500 HIV-infected patients) may not mirror the reality encountered in other settings, including São Paulo city, but retention and high quality of care may improve rates of virologic success, even in poorer settings...
October 2, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967772/psychometric-analysis-of-the-life-worries-scale-for-a-new-generation-of-sexual-minority-men-the-p18-cohort-study
#18
Perry N Halkitis, Stephanie H Cook, Annie Ristuccia, James Despotoulis, Michael D Levy, Francesca C Bates, Farzana Kapadia
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority men (SMM) in the United States continue to experience adverse health problems and psychosocial burdens. However, there is limited psychometric research seeking to quantify the life worries of this population. Informed by syndemic theory, the Life Worries Scale (LWS) was developed to measure the concerns of young SMM. METHOD: Analyses of the scale were undertaken using baseline data (n = 665) from an ongoing cohort study of emerging adult, SMM...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966741/electrolyte-imbalance-and-sleep-problems-during-anti-retroviral-therapy-an-under-recognized-problem
#19
Md Dilshad Manzar, Peter Sony, Mohammed Salahuddin, Abera Kumalo, Mathewos Geneto, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Adam Moscovitch, Ahmed S BaHammam
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and the anti-retroviral therapy (ART) associated complications necessitate that the medical care system keeps evolving for proper management of this group of patients. Electrolyte imbalance and sleep problems are common in patients on ART. Both of these conditions are associated with increased morbidity (such as acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, low CD4 count, non-adherence and depression) and mortality. Therefore, screening for both sleep problems and electrolytes imbalance may help to decrease the risk of complications in patients on ART...
April 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953329/hiv-violence-blame-and-shame-pathways-of-risk-to-internalized-hiv-stigma-among-south-african-adolescents-living-with-hiv
#20
Marija Pantelic, Mark Boyes, Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck
INTRODUCTION: Internalized HIV stigma is a key risk factor for negative outcomes amongst adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV), including non-adherence to anti-retroviral treatment, loss-to-follow-up and morbidity. This study tested a theoretical model of multi-level risk pathways to internalized HIV stigma among South African ALHIV. METHODS: From 2013 to 2015, a survey using total population sampling of ALHIV who had ever initiated anti-retroviral treatment (ART) in 53 public health facilities in the Eastern Cape, South Africa was conducted...
August 21, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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