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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239011/the-changing-face-of-treatment-mental-health-concerns-and-integrated-care-in-an-hiv-clinic
#1
Eliot J Lopez, Thomas Toomey, Kimberly Lewis, Shirin Khazvand, Rebecca M Floyd, Kena R Arnold, Lara M Stepleman
Though advances in medical treatment have increased lifespans for those living with HIV, quality of life concerns often remain under-treated by health care providers. The integration of mental health services within the HIV medical setting can provide comprehensive care for patients, including brief screening, intervention, and appropriate follow-up. In this study, investigators examined mental health concerns identified during behavioral health screens at appointments in an Infectious Disease Clinic and compared them with previously published data from the same setting to assess changes in patient-reported problems...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231258/depressive-symptoms-in-hiv-infected-and-seronegative-control-subjects-in-cameroon-effect-of-age-education-and-gender
#2
Georgette D Kanmogne, Fang Qiu, Félicien E Ntone, Julius Y Fonsah, Dora M Njamnshi, Callixte T Kuate, Roland F Doh, Anne M Kengne, Claude T Tagny, Emilienne Nchindap, Léopoldine Kenmogne, Dora Mbanya, Mariana Cherner, Robert K Heaton, Alfred K Njamnshi
Depression is a leading cause of HIV/AIDS disease burden; it worsens health outcomes and quality of life. Addressing this problem requires accurate quantification of the extra burden of depression to HIV/AIDS in a given population, and knowledge of the baseline depression prevalence in the general population. There has been no previous study of depression in the general Cameroonian population. The current study attempts to address that important need. We used the Beck Depression Inventory-II to assess the prevalence and severity of depressive symptoms in 270 HIV-infected and seronegative Cameroonians...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230409/using-the-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale-to-assess-depression-in-women-with-hiv-and-women-at-risk-for-hiv-are-somatic-items-invariant
#3
Leah M Adams, Tracey E Wilson, Daniel Merenstein, Joel Milam, Jennifer Cohen, Elizabeth T Golub, Adebola Adedimeji, Judith A Cook
The prevalence of depression among women living with HIV/AIDS is elevated, compared with women in the general population and men diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. Although symptoms of HIV may overlap with somatic symptoms of depression, little research has explored how well screening tools accurately assess depression rather than symptoms of HIV/AIDS among women. The present study examined the utility of a widely used tool for assessing depression symptoms among women living with HIV/AIDS. Data are from the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS), a multisite, longitudinal cohort study of women living with HIV/AIDS (n = 1,329) and seronegative women (n = 541) matched on key risk factors for HIV/AIDS...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220718/the-big-imitator-strikes-again-a-case-report-of-neurosyphilis-in-a-patient-with-newly-diagnosed-hiv
#4
Sévérine de Bruijn, Chris Kenyon, Nicolas Léonard, Erika Vlieghe
BACKGROUND: Neurosyphilis is the result of an infection of the central nervous system caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Its clinical presentation includes meningovascular syphilis, tabes dorsalis, and dementia paralytica, resulting in a wide range of symptoms such as psychosis, Parkinsonism, and depression. CASE REPORT: A 49-year-old male was admitted to a psychiatric hospital because of social withdrawal and self-neglect, indicative of a major depression...
February 21, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219156/-factors-influencing-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-among-hiv-infected-people-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-ili-kazakh-autonomous-prefecture
#5
W Wang, W Liu, T Chen, N P Liu, Y J Zheng, S D Ye, Y Zhang, X M Wang, G Z Wang, H B Zhang
Objective: To analyze factors influencing antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients receiving ART at the town level in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture (Ili) in May 2015 and to document enhanced ART for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using one-on-one interviews and data collection from the system of AIDS follow-up management in three ART services centers at the town level of Ili. The subjects were HIV-infected individuals, aged 18 years or older, who were receiving ART during the survey...
February 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210943/faces-of-frailty-in-aging-with-hiv-infection
#6
REVIEW
Marion Thurn, Deborah R Gustafson
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The number of adults who are aging successfully and have HIV infection is increasing. More effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens are preventing individuals infected with HIV from reaching end stages of the HIV infection and developing AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). However, even at lower viral loads, chronic HIV infection appears to have consequences on aging processes, including the development of frailty. RECENT FINDINGS: Frailty is a term used to describe vulnerability in aging...
February 16, 2017: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205041/hiv-provider-documentation-and-actions-following-patient-reports-of-at-risk-behaviors-and-conditions-when-identified-by-a-web-based-point-of-care-assessment
#7
Heidi M Crane, Paul K Crane, James T Tufano, James D Ralston, Ira B Wilson, Tyler D Brown, Thomas E Davis, Laurie F Smith, William B Lober, Justin McReynolds, Shireesha Dhanireddy, Robert D Harrington, Carla V Rodriguez, Robin M Nance, Joseph A C Delaney, Steven A Safren, Mari M Kitahata, Rob J Fredericksen
We compared same-day provider medical record documentation and interventions addressing depression and risk behaviors before and after delivering point-of-care patient-reported outcomes (PROs) feedback for patients who self-reported clinically relevant levels of depression or risk behaviors. During the study period (1 January 2006-15 October 2010), 2289 PRO assessments were completed by HIV-infected patients. Comparing the 8 months before versus after feedback implementation, providers were more likely to document depression (74% before vs...
February 15, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198711/longitudinal-opioid-use-among-hiv-infected-patients-2000-to-2014
#8
Laurence Brunet, Sonia Napravnik, Amy D Heine, Peter A Leone, Joseph J Eron
Longitudinal opioid prescription use is unknown among HIV-infected patients. Group-based trajectory modeling followed by multinomial logistic regression was used to identify distinct trajectories and their association with baseline characteristics among 1239 HIV-infected UNC CFAR HIV Clinical Cohort participants, 2000-2014. Three trajectories were identified: 1) 72% never/sporadic opioid use (referent group), 2) 11% episodic use (associated with female sex, depression, drug-related diagnoses, antiretroviral therapy use and undetectable HIV RNA), and 3) 16% chronic use (associated with older age, female sex and mental health diagnoses)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197862/influences-of-economic-social-and-cultural-marginalization-on-the-association-between-alcohol-use-and-sexual-risk-among-formerly-incarcerated-latino-men
#9
Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Omar Martínez, Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Jeffrey Draine, Karin Eyrich Garg, Ethan Levine, Alexandra Ripkin
Formerly incarcerated Latino men (FILM) have been significantly impacted by the HIV/AIDS and alcohol abuse epidemics in the United States. In this analysis, we examine the role of social, economic and cultural marginalization in the likelihood of alcohol-related sexual risk taking behavior among FILM. We recruited a non-random sample of FILM, ages 18-49 (n = 259). We performed logistic regression modeling to test four hypotheses examining the direct and moderating effects of socio-cultural factors. Drinking before sex was strongly associated with high likelihood of condomless intercourse (adjusted odds ratio, AOR = 2...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194650/healthy-aging-in-older-women-living-with-hiv-infection-a-systematic-review-of-psychosocial-factors
#10
REVIEW
Anna A Rubtsova, Mirjam-Colette Kempf, Tonya N Taylor, Deborah Konkle-Parker, Gina M Wingood, Marcia McDonnell Holstad
Due to life-enhancing effects of antiretroviral therapy, HIV-positive persons have the potential for long life comparable to their uninfected peers. Older women (age 50+) living with HIV (OWLH) are often an under-recognized aging group. We conducted a systematic review to examine psychosocial factors that impact how OWLH live, cope, and age with HIV. Initial key word search yielded 1527 records, and 21 studies met our inclusion criteria of original quantitative or qualitative research published between 2013 and 2016 with results specific to OWLH...
February 13, 2017: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191491/engagement-in-care-psychological-distress-and-resilience-are-associated-with-sleep-quality-among-hiv-positive-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Martin J Downing, Steven T Houang, Roberta Scheinmann, Irene S Yoon, Mary Ann Chiasson, Sabina Hirshfield
OBJECTIVES: We investigated risk and protective factors associated with sleep quality among a national sample of HIV-positive gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM). DESIGN: This study reports on findings from both an eligibility survey and baseline assessment for an online HIV risk reduction intervention. PARTICIPANTS: There were 16,466 completed eligibility surveys. A total of 1,205 eligible men completed a baseline assessment after consenting to participate in the intervention...
December 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188763/hiv-antiretroviral-drug-efavirenz-induces-anxiety-like-and-depression-like-behavior-in-rats-evaluation-of-neurotransmitter-alterations-in-the-striatum
#12
Giuliana Ignácio Teixeira Cavalcante, Adriano José Maia Chaves Filho, Maria Isabel Linhares, Camila Nayane de Carvalho Lima, Edith Teles Venâncio, Emiliano Ricardo Vasconcelos Rios, Francisca Cléa Florenço de Souza, Silvânia Maria Mendes Vasconcelos, Danielle Macêdo, Marta Maria de França Fonteles
Efavirenz (EFV) is an effective antiretroviral drug with a favorable pharmacokinetic profile and widely used in combination regimens to treat HIV infection. However, there are major concerns about the safety of this drug. Patients treated with EFV often experience neuropsychiatric adverse effects, which frequently lead to switching to alternative EFV-free regimens. The mechanisms involved in the central action of EFV are intrinsically unclear. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effects of acute and subchronic (2 weeks) EFV administration in a series of behavioral tests for anxiety-like and depression-like behavior in healthy rats...
February 7, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188599/effects-of-depression-alleviation-on-work-productivity-and-income-among-hiv-patients-in-uganda
#13
Glenn J Wagner, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Eric Robinson, Victoria K Ngo, Peter Glick, Seggane Musisi, Dickens Akena
PURPOSE: Depression is common among people living with HIV, and it is associated with impaired work functioning. However, little research has examined whether depression alleviation improves work-related outcomes in this population, which is the focus of this analysis. METHOD: A sample of 1028 depressed HIV clients in Uganda enrolled in a comparative trial of depression care models and were surveyed over 12 months. Serial regression analyses examined whether depression alleviation (measured by the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire) was associated with change in self-reported weekly amount of hours worked and income earned, and whether these relationships were mediated by change in work-related self-efficacy...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183335/efficacy-of-vitamin-d3-supplementation-in-reducing-incidence-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-and-mortality-among-hiv-infected-tanzanian-adults-initiating-antiretroviral-therapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Christopher R Sudfeld, Ferdinand Mugusi, Said Aboud, Tumaini J Nagu, Molin Wang, Wafaie W Fawzi
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected adults initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa continue to experience high rates of morbidity and mortality during the initial months of treatment. Observational studies in high-income and resource-limited settings indicate that HIV-infected adults with low vitamin D levels may be at increased risk of mortality, HIV disease progression, and incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). As a result, vitamin D3 supplementation may improve survival and treatment outcomes for HIV-infected adults initiating ART...
February 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176538/intimate-partner-violence-depression-and-quality-of-life-among-women-living-with-hiv-aids-in-a-coastal-city-of-south-india
#15
Basavaprabhu Achchappa, Mahak Bhandary, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, John T Ramapuram, Vaman Kulkarni, Satish Rao, Deepak Maadi, Anish Bhat, Shivani Priyadarshni
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a severe form of abuse prevalent in urban and rural areas of India with its effects on mental and physical health of the person receiving it, leading to a poorer quality of life. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 99 women living with HIV, and information was collected using abuse assessment scale. The data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 17.0. RESULTS: The IPV was reported by 19...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170305/impact-of-depression-and-anxiety-on-initiation-of-antiretroviral-therapy-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-newly-diagnosed-hiv-infections-in-china
#16
Jun Tao, Sten H Vermund, Hongyan Lu, Yuhua Ruan, Bryan E Shepherd, Aaron M Kipp, K Rivet Amico, Xiangjun Zhang, Yiming Shao, Han-Zhu Qian
Depression and anxiety are common among persons recently diagnosed with HIV infection. We examined whether depression or anxiety was associated with delayed initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among a prospective cohort of Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM) who were newly diagnosed with HIV. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used for measuring depression and anxiety, with scores of 0-7, 8-10, and 11-21 representing normal, borderline, and likely, respectively. ART initiation information was extracted from the National ART Database...
February 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170303/trends-and-correlates-of-cigarette-smoking-and-its-impacts-on-health-related-quality-of-life-among-people-living-with-hiv-findings-from-the-ontario-hiv-treatment-network-cohort-study-2008-2014
#17
Tsegaye Bekele, Sergio Rueda, Sandra Gardner, Janet Raboud, Marek Smieja, Richard Kennedy, David Fletcher, Ann N Burchell, Jean Bacon, Sean B Rourke
We sought to examine the trends of cigarette smoking, identify correlates of smoking, and examine the impacts of smoking on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among people living with HIV in Ontario, Canada. Study sample included 4473 individuals receiving care and enrolled in the Ontario HIV Treatment Network Cohort Study. Self-report data on cigarette smoking, HRQOL, and demographic and sociobehavioral variables were collected between 2008 and 2014 through annual face-to-face interviews. Clinical data were abstracted from participants' medical records and enhanced through linkage with a provincial public health laboratory database...
February 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160684/major-depressive-disorder-and-suicidality-in-early-hiv-infection-and-its-association-with-risk-factors-and-negative-outcomes-as-seen-in-semi-urban-and-rural-uganda
#18
Eugene Kinyanda, Noeline Nakasujja, Jonathan Levin, Harriet Birabwa, Richard Mpango, Heiner Grosskurth, Soraya Seedat, Vikram Patel
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of research into the psychiatric problems associated with early stage HIV clinical disease in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A cross sectional study was undertaken among 899 adult ART naïve persons in early stage HIV clinical disease (participants with CD4≥250 and who were at WHO clinical Stage I or II) attending a semi-urban and a rural clinic in Uganda. RESULTS: The prevalence of major depressive disorder in this study was 14...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160181/determinants-of-employment-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-the-netherlands
#19
Marlies N Wagener, Lennert van den Dries, Job Van Exel, Harald S Miedema, Eric C M van Gorp, Pepijn D D M Roelofs
Objectives Since HIV has become a manageable chronic disease, employment is of increasing importance for people living with HIV (PLWH). This study aimed to investigate the level of work participation among PLWH in the Netherlands, and the associated determinants of employment. Methods For this study the baseline measurements of a longitudinal cohort study with a 2-year follow-up, the TREVI project, were used. The TREVI project aims to study cognitive function disorders among PLWH in relation to their employment, productivity, and social functioning...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157277/predictors-and-barriers-to-mental-health-treatment-utilization-among-older-veterans-living-with-hiv
#20
Raeanne C Moore, María J Marquine, Elizabeth Straus, Colin A Depp, David J Moore, Dawn M Schiehser, Neil M Richtand, Dilip V Jeste, Lisa T Eyler
Objective: To identify key mood, social, and functional correlates of current participation in mental health treatment and barriers to participation in mental health treatment among older HIV infected (HIV+) veterans. Methods: HIV+ veterans (N = 150) aged ≥ 50 years receiving HIV-related medical care at the VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California, anonymously completed a survey assessing current self-reported mood, social support, daily functioning problems, mental health service utilization, and barriers to participating in mental health services...
February 2, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
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