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depression hiv

Suhitha Veeravelli, Bijan Najafi, Ivan Marin, Fernando Blumenkron, Shannon Smith, Stephen A Klotz
Approximately 1.2 million people in the United States live with HIV infection. Medical advancements have increased the life expectancy and this cohort is aging. HIV-positive individuals have a high incidence of frailty (~20%) characterized by depression and sedentary behavior. Exercise would be healthy, but due to the frail status of many HIV-positive individuals, conventional exercise is too taxing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and acceptability of a novel game-based training program (exergame) in ameliorating some aspects of frailty in HIV-infected individuals...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Erik David Storholm, Michael J Silverberg, Derek D Satre
Access to substance use disorder (SUD) treatment is a critical issue for women with HIV. This study examined differences in SUD diagnoses, comorbid psychiatric diagnoses, and predictors of SUD treatment initiation among a diverse sample of HIV-positive women (n = 228) and a demographically similar cohort of HIV-negative women (n = 693). Diagnoses and service utilization data were obtained from electronic health records of members of a large integrated healthcare system in Northern California. HIV-positive women were less likely to initiate SUD treatment...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
George M Slavich
Life stress is a central construct in many models of human health and disease. The present article reviews research on stress and health, with a focus on (a) how life stress has been conceptualized and measured over time, (b) recent evidence linking stress and disease, and (c) mechanisms that might underlie these effects. Emerging from this body of work is evidence that stress is involved in the development, maintenance, or exacerbation of several mental and physical health conditions, including asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, anxiety disorders, depression, cardiovascular disease, chronic pain, human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS, stroke, and certain types of cancer...
October 2016: Teaching of Psychology
Fiona H McKay, Christina Cheng, Annemarie Wright, Jane Shill, Hugh Stephens, Mary Uccellini
INTRODUCTION: Increasing smartphones access has allowed for increasing development and use of smart phone applications (apps). Mobile health interventions have previously relied on voice or text-based short message services (SMS), however, the increasing availability and ease of use of apps has allowed for significant growth of smartphone apps that can be used for health behaviour change. This review considers the current body of knowledge relating to the evaluation of apps for health behaviour change...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Emily L Tuthill, Jennifer A Pellowski, Sera L Young, Lisa M Butler
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) provides infants with optimal nutrition, and together with appropriate antiretroviral therapy has also been shown to decrease mother-to-child transmission of HIV from 45 to less than 1 %. However, rates of EBF are particularly low in South Africa, where rates of HIV are some of the highest in the world. Although perinatal depression has been identified as a potential barrier to EBF, little is known about its impact on EBF among HIV-infected women. A cohort study was conducted as part of a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) examining the effect of an Information, Motivation and Behavioral skills-based intervention promoting EBF among South African women living with HIV in their third trimester (28-42 weeks) of pregnancy...
October 17, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Carmen H Logie, Uzma Ahmed, Wangari E Tharao, Mona Loutfy
African and Caribbean Black (ACB) women in Canada are disproportionately impacted by new HIV infections. ACB women's HIV vulnerabilty is shaped by contexts of stigma and discrimination. HIV-related stigma compromises quality of life (QOL) among women living with HIV (WLWH), yet scant research has examined concomitant effects of racial discrimination and HIV-related stigma on QOL. We used data from a cross-sectional survey with ACB WLWH in Ontario (n=173) to test a conceptual model of pathways between HIV-related stigma, racial discrimination, depression, social support and QOL...
October 17, 2016: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Martina Hahn, Sibylle C Roll
A 50-year-old male patient with comorbid human immunodeficiency virus developed a relapse of bipolar disorder after a switch from oral aripiprazole 10 mg/day to intramuscular aripiprazole depot 200 mg every 28 days plus oral aripiprazole 5 mg/day. The patient was concomitantly taking lopinavir, saquinavir, ritonavir, silybum marianum extract, and omeprazole. Only 1 week after the switch, the patient developed mood swings, irritability, depressive mood, and lack of drive. The oral aripiprazole was increased again to stabilize the patient...
December 2016: Drug Saf Case Rep
Huluagresh Bitew, Gashaw Andargie, Agitu Tadesse, Amsalu Belete, Wubalem Fekadu, Tesfa Mekonen
Background. Suicide is a serious cause of mortality worldwide and is considered as a psychiatric emergency. Suicide is more frequent in peoples living with HIV/AIDS than in general population. Objective. To assess the proportion and determining factors of suicidal ideation and attempt among peoples living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia. Methods. Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from May to June 2015 by selecting 393 participants using systematic random sampling technique. Suicide manual of Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to collect data...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
Brian E McCabe, Natasha Schaefer Solle, Nilda Peragallo Montano, Victoria B Mitrani
OBJECTIVES: Alcohol misuse and depressive symptoms have been linked to HIV/STI risk, but studies have rarely included Hispanic women, who have over four times greater HIV incidence than white, non-Hispanic women. Understanding the connections among alcohol misuse, depressive symptoms, and HIV/STI risks may suggest ways to meet specific needs of Hispanic women. This study's objective is to examine the relationships among alcohol misuse, depressive symptoms, and seven HIV/STI risk factors...
October 15, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Nicole H Weiss, Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Courtney Peasant, Véronique Jaquier, Clinesha Johnson, Tami P Sullivan
Objective: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with heightened psychopathology symptoms and risky behaviors. However, extant investigations are limited by their focus on IPV victimization, despite evidence to suggest that victimization and aggression frequently co-occur. Further, research on these correlates often has not accounted for the heterogeneity of women who experience victimization. Method: The present study utilized latent profile analysis to identify patterns of physical, psychological, and sexual victimization and aggression in a convenience sample of 212 community women experiencing victimization (Mage = 36...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. For the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we estimated the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
E B Quinlivan, L C Messer, K Roytburd, A Blickman
The levels of satisfaction of the core self-determination needs (relatedness, autonomy and competence) among HIV-infected women of color as well as the association between need fulfillment and patient characteristics were examined. Having less than a high-school education was associated with lowest need satisfaction: autonomy (β = -1.90; 95%CI = -3.20, -0.60), relatedness (β = -2.70; 95%CI = -4.30, -1.10) and competency (β = -2.50; 95%CI = -3.60, -1.30). Each additional point increase in affective symptoms of depression was associated with decrements in need satisfaction (-...
October 13, 2016: AIDS Care
Ronni Hayon
Transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals experience significant health disparities. They are more likely to use drugs and alcohol, smoke, be diagnosed with HIV infection or other sexually transmitted infections, and experience depression or attempt suicide. Many also experience discrimination within the health care system. Office-level strategies to create a safe and affirming space for gender-expansive patients include posting of a nondiscrimination statement, use of intake forms that ask about current gender identity and birth-assigned sex, provision of gender-neutral restrooms, and staff training in use of appropriate language...
October 2016: FP Essentials
L Ene, T D Marcotte, A Umlauf, C Grancea, A Temereanca, A Bharti, C L Achim, S Letendre, S M Ruta
We evaluated the impact of latent toxoplasmosis (LT) on neurocognitive (NC) and neurobehavioural functioning in young adults with and without chronic HIV infection, using a standardised NC test battery, self-reported Beck Depression Inventory, Frontal System Behavior Scale, MINI-International Neuropsychiatric Interview and risk-assessment battery. 194 young adults (median age 24years, 48.2% males) with chronic HIV infection (HIV+) since childhood and 51 HIV seronegative (HIV-) participants were included. HIV+ individuals had good current immunological status (median CD4: 479 cells/μl) despite a low CD4 nadir (median: 93 cells/μl)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Eugene Kinyanda, Helen A Weiss, Jonathan Levin, Noeline Nakasujja, Harriet Birabwa, Juliet Nakku, Richard Mpango, Heiner Grosskurth, Soraya Seedat, Ricardo Araya, Vikram Patel
Data on the course of major depressive disorder (MDD) among people living with HIV (PLWH) are needed to inform refinement of screening and interventions for MDD. This paper describes the incidence and persistence rate of MDD in PLWH in Uganda. 1099 ART-naïve PLWH attending HIV clinics in Uganda were followed up for 12 months. MDD was assessed using the DSM IV based Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview with a prevalence for MDD at baseline of 14.0 % (95 % CI 11.7-16.3 %) reported. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine predictors of incident and persistent MDD...
October 8, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Kalpana J Kallianpur, Marissa Sakoda, Louie Mar A Gangcuangco, Lishomwa C Ndhlovu, Tracie Umaki, Dominic Chow, Suwarat Wongjittraporn, Cecilia M Shikuma
BACKGROUND: Chronic HIV disease is associated with neurocognitive impairment and age-related conditions such as frailty. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether regional brain volumetric changes correlate with frailty parameters in older (≥ 40 years) HIV+ patients on stable combination antiretroviral therapy. METHOD: Thirty-five HIV-infected participants in the Hawaii Aging with HIV Cohort - Cardiovascular Disease study underwent T1-weighted brain magnetic resonance imaging, frailty assessment and neuropsychological testing...
2016: Open Medicine Journal
Amadou Jallow, Gunnar Ljunggren, Per Wändell, Lars Wahlström, Axel C Carlsson
CONTEXT: The Greater Stockholm HIV Cohort Study is an initiative to provide longitudinal information regarding the health of people living with HIV. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore the prevalence of HIV and its association with psychiatric co-morbidities. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: All patients with a recorded diagnosis of HIV (any position of the ICD-10 codes B20-B24) were identified during the period 2007-2014 and related to the total population in Stockholm by January 1, 2015, N = 2...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Infection
Charitha Gowda, Dagan Coppock, Cristina Brickman, Pamela A Shaw, Robert Gross
People living with HIV (PLWH) engaged in medical care represent an accessible group to focus HIV prevention efforts. In an analysis of 1,883 PLWH from 2007 and 2015, we determined the proportion at risk of HIV transmission and identified factors associated with HIV transmission risk using multivariable mixed effects logistic regression models with random intercepts. HIV transmission risk was defined by an HIV viral load > 1,500 copies/mL and self-reported unprotected sex. We found that 174 (9.2%) individuals were at risk for HIV transmission at least once...
October 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
Heidi M Crane, Rob J Fredericksen, Anna Church, Anna Harrington, Paul Ciechanowski, Jennifer Magnani, Kari Nasby, Tyler Brown, Shireesha Dhanireddy, Robert D Harrington, William B Lober, Jane Simoni, Stevan A Safren, Todd C Edwards, Donald L Patrick, Michael S Saag, Paul K Crane, Mari M Kitahata
BACKGROUND: Adherence to antiretroviral medications is a key determinant of clinical outcomes. Many adherence intervention trials investigated the effects of time-intensive or costly interventions that are not feasible in most clinical care settings. OBJECTIVE: We set out to evaluate a collaborative care approach as a feasible intervention applicable to patients in clinical care including those with mental illness and/or substance use issues. METHODS: We developed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigating an integrated, clinic-based care management approach to improve clinical outcomes that could be integrated into the clinical care setting...
October 5, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Nathan S Bertelsen, Elizabeth Selden, Polina Krass, Eva S Keatley, Allen Keller
Effective screening in primary care among asylum-seekers in the US is critical as this population grows. This study aimed to evaluate disease prevalence and screening methods in this high-risk group. Two hundred ten new clients from 51 countries, plus Tibet, who were accepted into a program for asylum seekers from 2012 to 2014 were included. Screening rates and outcomes for infectious, non-communicable, and mental illnesses were evaluated. Screening rates were highest for PTSD, depression, hepatitis B, and latent tuberculosis...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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