keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Legal Highs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820231/interventions-for-treating-persistent-pain-in-survivors-of-torture
#1
REVIEW
Emma Baird, Amanda C de C Williams, Leslie Hearn, Kirstine Amris
BACKGROUND: Persistent (chronic) pain is a frequent complaint in survivors of torture, particularly but not exclusively pain in the musculoskeletal system. Torture survivors may have no access to health care; where they do, they may not be recognised when they present, and the care available often falls short of their needs. There is a tendency in state and non-governmental organisations' services to focus on mental health, with poor understanding of persistent pain, while survivors may have many other legal, welfare, and social problems that take precedence over health care...
August 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819083/the-forgotten-realm-of-the-new-and-emerging-psychosocial-risk-factors
#2
Francesco Chirico
In Europe, employers of all private and public enterprises have a legal obligation to protect their employers by all the different types of workplace hazards to the safety and health of workers. The most important methods developed for the work-related stress risk assessment are based on the Cox's research commissioned by European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and are the Management Standard HSE for work-related stress in United Kingdom, the START method in Germany, the Screening, Observation, Analysis, Expertise (SOBANE) in Belgium, and the National Institute for Prevention and Safety at Work (INAIL-ISPESL) model in Italy, the latter based on the British Management Standard...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817335/killed-by-police-validity-of-media-based-data-and-misclassification-of-death-certificates-in-massachusetts-2004-2016
#3
Justin M Feldman, Sofia Gruskin, Brent A Coull, Nancy Krieger
OBJECTIVES: To assess the validity of demographic data reported in news media-based data sets for persons killed by police in Massachusetts (2004-2016) and to evaluate misclassification of these deaths in vital statistics mortality data. METHODS: We identified 84 deaths resulting from police intervention in 4 news media-based data sources (WGBH News, Fatal Encounters, The Guardian, and The Washington Post) and, via record linkage, conducted matched-pair analyses with the Massachusetts mortality data...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814125/recreational-drug-use-at-a-major-music-festival-trend-analysis-of-anonymised-pooled-urine
#4
Lotte Christine Groth Hoegberg, Cecilie Christiansen, Jesper Soe, Rasmus Telving, Mette Findal Andreasen, Dan Staerk, Lona Louring Christrup, Kenneth Thermann Kongstad
OBJECTIVE: The spread of new psychoactive substances (NPS) has expanded rapidly in the last decade. The complexity of the pharmacological effects of NPS challenges the traditional treatment guidelines, and information of the emergence of new arrivals is valuable. Our knowledge on the actual range of recreational drugs used and NPS available in Denmark is limited as identification is possible only when consumers become patients in the healthcare system or through drug seizures. We aimed to detect classical recreational drugs and NPS in the urine of music festival attendees and evaluate if the use of NPS could have been predicted by comparing study data with drug seizure data from the previous year published by European and Danish health authorities...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812815/stakeholders-perspectives-on-the-success-drivers-in-ghana-s-national-health-insurance-scheme-identifying-policy-translation-issues
#5
Adam Fusheini, Gordon Marnoch, Ann Marie Gray
BACKGROUND: Ghana's National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), established by an Act of Parliament (Act 650), in 2003 and since replaced by Act 852 of 2012 remains, in African terms, unprecedented in terms of growth and coverage. As a result, the scheme has received praise for its associated legal reforms, clinical audit mechanisms and for serving as a hub for knowledge sharing and learning within the context of South-South cooperation. The scheme continues to shape national health insurance thinking in Africa...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812138/-telemetric-follow-up-of-implantable-electronic-cardiac-devices-optimisation-of-care-in-clinical-practice
#6
REVIEW
Ralph Bosch, Ingrid Mutscher
Remote follow-up of patients with implantable electronic cardiac devices (IECD) is a scientifically well-evaluated and technically mature method. Advantages over conventional follow-up include rapid detection of clinically relevant events (i. e. arrhythmias) and of technical problems. Additionally, telemetric follow-up of IECDs has a high degree of acceptance among both patients as well as health care professionals and carries the potential to reduce health care costs. The implementation of a remote follow-up programme is associated with organisational, infrastructural and legal aspects, which are reviewed...
August 15, 2017: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809613/enrolling-hiv-positive-adolescents-in-mental-health-research-a-case-study-reflecting-on-legal-and-ethical-complexities
#7
Nataly Woollett, John Peter, Lucie Cluver, Heena Brahmbhatt
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with HIV are an emerging group in the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. Mental health in this population affects HIV care, treatment, consequential morbidity and secondary transmission. There is a paucity of research regarding these youth in South Africa (SA), partly because section 71 of the National Health Act of 2003 (NHA) requires parental or guardian's consent. OBJECTIVE: To explore legal and ethical issues related to conducting adolescent mental health research in SA...
July 28, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801467/minors-moral-psychology-and-the-harm-reduction-debate-the-case-of-tobacco-and-nicotine
#8
Lynn T Kozlowski
Harm reduction debates are important in health policy. Although it has been established that morality affects policy, this article proposes that perspectives from moral psychology help to explain the challenges of developing evidence-based policy on prohibition-only versus tobacco/nicotine harm reduction for minors. Protecting youth from tobacco is critical, especially since tobacco/nicotine products are legal for adults, who usually begin using when young. Although cigarettes and other combustibles are the deadliest tobacco products, other products such as smokeless tobacco and electronic cigarettes, though unsafe, are upward of 90 percent less harmful than cigarettes...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801267/primum-non-nocere-the-effects-of-sodium-hypochlorite-on-dentin-as-used-in-endodontics
#9
Li-Sha Gu, Xue-Qing Huang, Brandon Griffin, Brian R Bergeron, David H Pashley, Li-Na Niu, Franklin R Tay
The medical literature is replete with the maxim 'primum non nocere', cautioning health care providers to avoid doing any harm to human subjects in their delivery of medical care. Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a well-established irrigant for root canal treatment because of its antimicrobial and organic tissue remnant dissolution capability. However, little is known about the deleterious effect of this strong oxidizing agent on the integrity of human mineralized dentin. Iatrogenically-induced loss of dentin integrity may precipitate post-treatment root fracture and has potential medico-legal complications...
August 8, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800809/legal-and-ethical-challenges-in-emergency-psychiatry-part-2-management-of-inmates
#10
REVIEW
Andrew Foote, Britta Ostermeyer
Psychiatrists and clinicians encounter unique situations, challenges, and requirements in the treatment of jail and prison inmates in the emergency department. This article reviews the historical legal highlights pertaining to medical and psychiatric care of inpatients, as well as the professional, ethical, and legal aspects that allow clinicians to evaluate, treat, and properly disposition their inmate patients. In particular, this article discusses the specific suicide risk factors related to inmates and correctional facilities that should be ascertained and managed in a clinician's suicide risk assessment and intervention planning in this special high suicide risk patient population...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799883/operating-a-motor-vehicle-after-marijuana-use-perspectives-from-people-who-use-high-potency-marijuana
#11
Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg, Melissa J Krauss, Shaina J Sowles, Kidist Zewdie, Laura Bierut
BACKGROUND: With advancing marijuana legalization in the United States, a primary concern is the possible increase in consequences relating to marijuana driving impairment, especially among people who use high potency marijuana (i.e., extracts). In this study we assessed the risk perception and experiences of driving under the influence of marijuana by investigating people who use extracts. METHODS: Participants from two studies were queried about driving after using marijuana...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799655/communicating-earthquake-preparedness-the-influence-of-induced-mood-perceived-risk-and-gain-or-loss-frames-on-homeowners-attitudes-toward-general-precautionary-measures-for-earthquakes
#12
Michèle Marti, Michael Stauffacher, Jörg Matthes, Stefan Wiemer
Despite global efforts to reduce seismic risk, actual preparedness levels remain universally low. Although earthquake-resistant building design is the most efficient way to decrease potential losses, its application is not a legal requirement across all earthquake-prone countries and even if, often not strictly enforced. Risk communication encouraging homeowners to take precautionary measures is therefore an important means to enhance a country's earthquake resilience. Our study illustrates that specific interactions of mood, perceived risk, and frame type significantly affect homeowners' attitudes toward general precautionary measures for earthquakes...
August 11, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797531/-prevention-of-the-post-surgical-insatisfactions-and-possible-medico-legal-complications
#13
G Flageul, R Pessis
The purpose of this work is to better understand the reasons for post-surgical instability and what makes up the bed of medico-legal complications. Beyond technical competence, it is essential to observe a very high degree of rigor in listening to the real motivations in order to give the most accurate possible surgical indications and in particular to know to detect and never to operate certain patients who, whatever we do, will always be dissatisfied. The quality of information is one of the essential elements of prevention: information is part of the care and there is no therapeutic success without a successful relationship between a caregiver and a carereceiver...
August 7, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795204/-entitlement-to-prophylactic-treatment-in-cases-of-genetic-predisposition-for-breast-cancer-interdisciplinary-perspectives
#14
REVIEW
Friedhelm Meier, Jens Ried, Anke Harney, Kerstin Rhiem, Silke Neusser, Anja Neumann, Jürgen Wasem, Rita Schmutzler, Stefan Huster, Peter Dabrock
Genetic tests can detect the predisposition to various diseases. The demand for gene diagnostics and corresponding prophylactic measures is increasing steadily. In the German healthcare system, however, legal uncertainties exist as to whether a mere risk of disease is reason enough to bear the costs for prophylactic measures. When medically effective prophylactic measures are available in certain cancer diseases, such as in hereditary breast cancer, the current practice of deciding in individual cases appears to be insufficient...
August 9, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794919/where-are-the-svhcs-10%C3%A2-years-consumer-s-right-to-know-about-substances-of-very-high-concern
#15
Ursula Klaschka
BACKGROUND: The European chemicals regulation REACH includes the legal duty for suppliers to inform consumers on request about the presence of substances of very high concern (SVHCs) in articles. Since this requirement has been in force now for 10 years, the intention of this study was to find out whether information on SVHCs is adequately communicated to the consumer today. Data on the presence of SVHCs in articles were collected as a prerequisite for the subsequent requests for a targeted choice of articles to examine the operability of the 'right to know...
2017: Environmental Sciences Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783008/risk-assessment-of-patulin-intake-through-apple-based-food-by-infants-and-preschool-children-in-serbia
#16
Ljilja Torović, Nina Dimitrov, Ricardo Assunção, Paula Alvito
This study reports for the first time in Serbia the occurrence of patulin in apple-based food and the risk assessment associated with patulin intake by infants and preschool children. In total, 214 samples of infant fruit juices (48), infant purée (66) and juices for children (small package with straw, 100) were collected over three years (2013-2015) and analysed using high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection. Patulin was found in 43.8% of infant juices and 16.7% of infant purée with all values below the legal limit of 10 μg kg(-1) (maximum 8...
August 7, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781897/a-medicolegal-study-of-domestic-violence-in-south-region-of-jordan
#17
Hasan Al-Hawari, Asmaa El-Banna
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence is a forced pattern of behavior that happened in domestic settings to gain or maintain power and control over an individual. The aim of this work is to study the magnitude of domestic violence in south region of Jordan. METHODS: The retrospective study was retrieved from the medico-legal reports of domestic violence cases referred to the Directorate of Forensic Medicine in south region of Jordan during six years period starting from 1st of January 2010 till the end of December 2015...
2017: Egyptian journal of forensic sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781784/prevalence-of-silent-breast-cancer-in-autopsy-specimens-as-studied-by-the-disease-being-held-by-image-guided-biopsies-the-pilot-study-and-literature-review
#18
Zacharoula Sidiropoulou, Ana Paula Vasconcelos, Cristiana Couceiro, Carlos Dos Santos, Ana Virginia Araújo, Inês Alegre, Claudia Santos, Filipa Costa, Vanessa Henriques, Carlos Neves, Fátima Cardoso, Pere Gascon
Breast cancer epidemiological patterns vary in European countries, which present different incidence rates. Data have suggested that the reduction in breast cancer mortality is not only due to the early detection of the disease, but is, in almost equal part, due to screening and to the advances that have been made in molecular medicine and the development of novel therapies. The aim of the present study is to quantify the actual number of cases of breast cancer present in both of the sexes by calculating the prevalence of silent breast cancer in corpses...
August 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776238/danger-ahead-the-burden-of-diseases-injuries-and-risk-factors-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015
#19
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: The Eastern Mediterranean Region faces several health challenges at a difficult time with wars, unrest, and economic change. METHODS: We used the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to present the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the Eastern Mediterranean Region from 1990 to 2015. RESULTS: Ischemic heart disease was the leading cause of death in the region in 2015, followed by cerebrovascular disease. Changes in total deaths ranged from a reduction of 25% for diarrheal diseases to an increase of about 42% for diabetes and tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772108/did-the-great-recession-affect-mortality-rates-in-the-metropolitan-united-states-effects-on-mortality-by-age-gender-and-cause-of-death
#20
Erin C Strumpf, Thomas J Charters, Sam Harper, Arijit Nandi
OBJECTIVES: Mortality rates generally decline during economic recessions in high-income countries, however gaps remain in our understanding of the underlying mechanisms. This study estimates the impacts of increases in unemployment rates on both all-cause and cause-specific mortality across U.S. metropolitan regions during the Great Recession. METHODS: We estimate the effects of economic conditions during the recent and severe recessionary period on mortality, including differences by age and gender subgroups, using fixed effects regression models...
July 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
keyword
keyword
95984
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"