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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542555/parenting-styles-feeding-styles-and-food-related-parenting-practices-in-relation-to-toddlers-eating-styles-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#1
Klazine van der Horst, Ester F C Sleddens
INTRODUCTION: Toddlers' eating behaviors are influenced by the way parents interact with their children. The objective of this study was to explore how five major constructs of general parenting behavior cluster in parents of toddlers. These parenting clusters were further explored to see how they differed in the use of feeding strategies (i.e. feeding styles and food parenting practices) and by reported child eating styles. METHODS: An online survey with 1005 mothers/caregivers (legal guardians) with at least one child between 12 and 36 months old was conducted in the United States in 2012, assessing general parenting behavior, feeding style, food parenting practices and the child eating styles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541557/live-or-let-die-fine-margins-between-life-and-death-in-a-brain-dead-pregnancy
#2
Rob Heywood
In PP v Health Service Executive, the Irish High Court was recently asked to decide on the lawfulness of maintaining somatic treatment that was being provided to a brain-dead woman who was 15-weeks pregnant. In delivering judgment, Kearns P held that the treatment should not be maintained and that the artificial support being provided to the woman could lawfully be withdrawn. The legal basis for this ruling, however, is not free from criticism. The focus of this discussion is to consider how an English court would deal with a case similar to this should the need ever arise...
May 24, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536839/maternal-fetal-surgery-for-myelomeningocele-some-thoughts-on-ethical-legal-and-psychological-issues-in-a-western-european-situation
#3
Frank Van Calenbergh, Luc Joyeux, Jan Deprest
BACKGROUND: The results of the Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) randomized controlled trial have demonstrated that maternal-fetal surgery (MFS) for myelomeningocele (MMC) compared to postnatal MMC repair has clear neurological benefits for the child at 12 and 30 months of age. Level I evidence nevertheless does not provide answers to many questions in this delicate field. Since the beginning of 2012, our fetal center has been offering MFS for spina bifida aperta (SBA) to patients from different European and non-European countries, in a societal context where termination of pregnancy is the option chosen by most patients when being informed of this diagnosis...
May 23, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536552/the-effectiveness-of-a-new-school-based-media-literacy-intervention-on-adolescents-doping-attitudes-and-supplements-use
#4
Fabio Lucidi, Luca Mallia, Fabio Alivernini, Andrea Chirico, Sara Manganelli, Federica Galli, Valeria Biasi, Arnaldo Zelli
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a media literacy intervention targeting, for the first time, the specific topic of Performance and Appearance Enhancing Substances (PAESs) use in high-school students. Overall, 389 students (52% male) aged between 13 and 19 years (mean = 16.56 year; SD = 1.26) participated to a media literacy intervention (i.e., "intervention group") while 103 students aged between 14 and 19 year (mean = 16.10 year; SD = 1.38) were considered as the control group (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536531/caffeine-and-bicarbonate-for-speed-a-meta-analysis-of-legal-supplements-potential-for-improving-intense-endurance-exercise-performance
#5
REVIEW
Peter M Christensen, Yusuke Shirai, Christian Ritz, Nikolai B Nordsborg
A 1% change in average speed is enough to affect medal rankings in intense Olympic endurance events lasting ~45 s to 8 min which for example includes 100 m swimming and 400 m running (~1 min), 1,500 m running and 4000 m track cycling (~4 min) and 2,000 m rowing (~6-8 min). To maximize the likelihood of winning, athletes utilizes legal supplements with or without scientifically documented beneficial effects on performance. Therefore, a continued systematic evidence based evaluation of the possible ergogenic effects is of high importance...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535272/measures-of-financial-capacity-a-review
#6
Angela R Ghesquiere, Caitlin McAfee, Jason Burnett
Purpose of the Study: Capacity to manage finances and make financial decisions can affect risk for financial exploitation and is often the basis for legal determinations of conservatorship/guardianship. Several structured assessments of financial capacity have been developed, but have not been compared regarding their focus, validity, or reliability. Therefore, we conducted a review of financial capacity measures to examine these factors. Design and Methods: We searched electronic databases, reference lists in identified articles, conference proceedings and other grey literature for measures of financial capacity...
May 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529370/prevention-early-intervention-and-harm-reduction-of-substance-use-in-adolescents
#7
R C Jiloha
This paper presents a systematic review on the effectiveness of prevention, early intervention, and harm reduction including treatment of substance abuse among adolescents for tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs. Taxation, public consumption bans, restriction on advertisements, and minimum legal age for consumption, are effective measures to reduce the use of tobacco and alcohol. School-based prevention and skill-training interventions are effective tools to reduce substance use among adolescents. Social norms and intervention to reduce substance use in adolescents do not have strong evidence of effectiveness...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521958/eutrophication-decrease-phosphate-adsorption-processes-in-presence-of-nitrates
#8
Susana P Boeykens, M Natalia Piol, Lisa Samudio Legal, Andrea B Saralegui, Cristina Vázquez
Eutrophication causes aquatic environment degradation as well as serious problems for different purposes of water uses. Phosphorus and nitrogen, mainly as phosphate and nitrate respectively, are considered responsible for eutrophication degradation. The focus of this work was the study of adsorption processes for decreasing phosphate and nitrate concentrations in bi-component aqueous systems. Dolomite and hydroxyapatite were selected as low-cost adsorbents. Obtained results showed that both adsorbents have high capacity for phosphate adsorption which the presence of nitrate does not modify...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521790/unintentional-drowning-role-of-medicinal-drugs-and-alcohol
#9
Tuulia Pajunen, Erkki Vuori, Frank F Vincenzi, Pirjo Lillsunde, Gordon Smith, Philippe Lunetta
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is a well-known risk factor in unintentional drownings. Whereas psychotropic drugs, like alcohol, may cause psychomotor impairment and affect cognition, no detailed studies have focused on their association with drowning. Finland provides extensive post-mortem toxicological data for studies on drowning because of its high medico-legal autopsy rates. METHODS: Drowning cases, 2000 through 2009, for which post-mortem toxicological analysis was performed, came from the database of the Toxicological Laboratory, Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, using the ICD-10 nature-of-injury code T75...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514695/new-product-trial-use-of-edibles-and-unexpected-highs-among-marijuana-and-hashish-users-in-colorado
#10
Jane A Allen, Kevin C Davis, Jennifer C Duke, James M Nonnemaker, Brian R Bradfield, Matthew C Farrelly
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the relationships between trial of new marijuana or hashish products and unexpected highs, and use of edible products and unexpected highs. METHODS: We conducted an online survey of 634 adult, past-year marijuana users in Colorado. We used logistic regression models to examine the relationship between new product trial or edible use and unexpected highs. RESULTS: In the first year that recreational marijuana was legal in Colorado, 71...
May 9, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513099/syntheses-analytical-and-pharmacological-characterizations-of-the-legal-high-4-1-3-methoxyphenyl-cyclohexyl-morpholine-3-meo-pcmo-and-analogues
#11
Tristan Colestock, Jason Wallach, Matt Mansi, Nadine Filemban, Hamilton Morris, Simon P Elliott, Folker Westphal, Simon D Brandt, Adeboye Adejare
New psychoactive substances (NPS) are commonly referred to as "research chemicals", "designer drugs" or "legal highs." One NPS class is represented by dissociative anesthetics, which include analogues of the arylcyclohexylamine phencyclidine (PCP), ketamine, and diphenidine. A recent addition to the NPS market was 4-[1-(3-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexyl]morpholine (3-MeO-PCMo), a morpholine analogue of 3-MeO-PCP. Although suspected to have dissociative effects in users, information about its pharmacological profile is not available...
May 16, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511057/mapping-smokeless-powder-residue-on-pvc-pipe-bomb-fragments-using-total-vaporization-solid-phase-microextraction
#12
Dana Bors, John Goodpaster
Quantitating post-blast explosive residue is not a common practice in crime labs as it is typically not legally relevant. There is value in quantitation, however, if the distribution of residues on Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) can help guide future sample collection and/or method development. Total vaporization solid phase microextraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry (TV-SPME/GC/MS) was used to quantify residues of double-base smokeless powder (DBSP), which includes nitroglycerin (NG), diphenylamine (DPA), and ethyl centralite (EC) on post-blast PVC pipe bomb fragments...
April 14, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510779/modelling-foetal-exposure-to-maternal-smoking-using-hepatoblasts-from-pluripotent-stem-cells
#13
Baltasar Lucendo-Villarin, Panagiotis Filis, Madeleine J Swortwood, Marilyn A Huestis, Jose Meseguer-Ripolles, Kate Cameron, John P Iredale, Peter J O'Shaughnesy, Paul A Fowler, David C Hay
The liver is a dynamic organ which is both multifunctional and highly regenerative. A major role of the liver is to process both endo and xenobiotics. Cigarettes are an example of a legal and widely used drug which can cause major health problems for adults and constitute a particular risk to the foetus, if the mother smokes during pregnancy. Cigarette smoke contains a complex mixture of thousands of different xenobiotics, including nicotine and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. These affect foetal development in a sex-specific manner, inducing sex-dependant molecular responses in different organs...
May 16, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509940/medico-legal-assessment-of-methamphetamine-and-amphetamine-serum-concentrations-what-can-we-learn-from-survived-intoxications
#14
Marco Weber, Rüdiger Lessig, Carolin Richter, Axel P Ritter, Ilona Weiß
Medico-legal experts are increasingly enlisted to assess the methamphetamine and amphetamine serum concentrations after a criminal offense. However, since criminal users rarely provide useful information to medico-legal experts regarding the substances abused, when the substance(s) was/were used, dose of ingestion tools are needed to interpret the analytical data, which can be used as objective evidence in such cases. A comparative series of methamphetamine and amphetamine serum concentrations were used to analyze the frequency of concentrations, to determine methamphetamine/amphetamine concentration ratios, and prove them as a tool to distinguish pure methamphetamine from mixed amphetamine/methamphetamine ingestion...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508809/health-information-system-in-a-cloud-computing-context
#15
Farahnaz Sadoughi, Leila Erfannia
Healthcare as a worldwide industry is experiencing a period of growth based on health information technology. The capabilities of cloud systems make it as an option to develop eHealth goals. The main objectives of the present study was to evaluate the advantages and limitations of health information systems implementation in a cloud-computing context that was conducted as a systematic review in 2016. Science direct, Scopus, Web of science, IEEE, PubMed and Google scholar were searched according study criteria...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507768/in-patient-suicide-selection-of-people-at-risk-failure-of-protection-and-the-possibility-of-causation
#16
Matthew Michael Large, Daniel Thomas Chung, Michael Davidson, Mark Weiser, Christopher James Ryan
BACKGROUND: Being a current psychiatric in-patient is one of the strongest statistical risk factors for suicide. It is usually assumed that this strong association is not causal but is a result of the combination of the selection of high-risk patients for admission and the imperfect protection from suicide afforded by psychiatric wards. Logically, a third factor, which is causal, might play a role in the association. It has recently been suggested that adverse experiences in psychiatric units such as trauma, stigma and loss of social role might precipitate some in-patient suicides...
May 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506783/the-professional-status-of-infectious-disease-physicians-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Chenlu Zhang, Sujuan Li, Jinru Ji, Ping Shen, Chaoqun Ying, Lanjuan Li, Yonghong Xiao
OBJECTIVES: The evolution of infectious diseases (IDs) poses a challenge to many ID physicians, who must either adapt or transition to another career track. This national cross-sectional study assessed the current working conditions and problems faced by ID professionals in China. METHODS: A national questionnaire survey of ID physicians and their facilities throughout China was performed in May- June 2016 using stratified random sampling. RESULTS: A total of 156/300 (52...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506329/what-to-do-when-a-patient-wants-to-record-a-patient-physician-interaction-in-the-emergency-department
#18
Brodie Nolan, Alun Ackery, Bryan Au
Recent technological advances allow for instantaneous high quality video and audio recordings with the touch of a button. In Canada, patient privacy is highly regulated by provincial legislation, although patients themselves have little in the way of laws or regulations to observe. Patients taking video recordings of their own medical care does not currently fall under any of the provincial privacy laws. With no such governance for the general public, patients generally have greater freedom to record a patient-physician interaction...
May 16, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504536/a-signal-detection-analysis-of-eyewitness-identification-across-the-adult-lifespan
#19
Melissa F Colloff, Kimberley A Wade, John T Wixted, Elizabeth A Maylor
Middle-aged and older adults are frequently victims and witnesses of crime, but knowledge of how identification performance changes over the adult life span is sparse. The authors asked young (18-30 years), middle-aged (31-59 years), and older (60-95 years) adults (N = 2,670) to watch a video of a mock crime and to attempt to identify the culprit from a fair lineup (in which all of the lineup members matched the appearance of the suspect) or an unfair lineup (in which the suspect stood out). They also asked subjects to provide confidence ratings for their identification decisions...
May 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503792/synthetic-cannabinoid-use-in-an-acute-psychiatric-inpatient-unit
#20
Richard Vincent Clancy, Robert Charles Hodgson, Arvind Kendurkar, Margarett Ann Terry, Lawrence Dadd, Donna Maria Clancy, Karen Ryan, Maria Hatzistylis, Benjamin Graham Tinman
In the present study, we explored the prevalence of new psychoactive substance use by people admitted into an Australian acute public mental health facility specializing in comorbid mental health and substance use. These substances have since been banned from retail outlets, but the pattern of uptake and reasons people use them is informative in terms of motivations and the management of substance use more generally. A cross-sectional study to explore the use of synthetic cannabis by people admitted to an acute adult mental health unit was undertaken...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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