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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744458/antioxidative-study-of-cerium-oxide-nanoparticle-functionalised-pcl-gelatin-electrospun-fibers-for-wound-healing-application
#1
Hilal Ahmad Rather, Ria Thakore, Ragini Singh, Dhwani Jhala, Sanjay Singh, Rajesh Vasita
Skin wound healing involves a coordinated cellular response to achieve complete reepithelialisation. Elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the wound environment often pose a hindrance in wound healing resulting in impaired wound healing process. Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeNPs) have the ability to protect the cells from oxidative damage by actively scavenging the ROS. Furthermore, matrices like nanofibers have also been explored for enhancing wound healing. In the current study CeNP functionalised polycaprolactone (PCL)-gelatin nanofiber (PGNPNF) mesh was fabricated by electrospinning and evaluated for its antioxidative potential...
June 2018: Bioactive Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718698/placental-ischemia-stimulated-t-helper-17-cells-induce-preeclampsia-associated-cytolytic-natural-killer-cells-during-pregnancy
#2
Corbin A Shields, Maggie McCalmon, Tarek Ibrahim, Dakota L White, Jan Michael Williams, Babbette D LaMarca, Denise C Cornelius
Previous studies have demonstrated that T-helper 17 cells (TH 17s) and cytolytic NK cells (cNKs) are increased in women with preeclampsia (PE). In this study, we investigated the role of placental ischemia-stimulated TH 17s to induce cNKs in pregnancy. We further assessed the role of TH 17-mediated oxidative stress to facilitate cNK activation in pregnancy by treating with the SOD mimetic tempol. CD4+ /CD25- cells were isolated from reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) rats and differentiated into TH 17 cells in vitro...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710707/loss-in-pkc-epsilon-causes-downregulation-of-mnsod-and-bdnf-expression-in-neurons-of-alzheimer-s-disease-hippocampus
#3
Abhik Sen, Thomas J Nelson, Daniel L Alkon, Jarin Hongpaisan
Oxidative stress and amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers have been implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The growth and maintenance of neuronal networks are influenced by brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression, which is promoted by protein kinase C epsilon (PKCɛ). We investigated the reciprocal interaction among oxidative stress, Aβ, and PKCɛ levels and subsequent PKCɛ-dependent MnSOD and BDNF expression in hippocampal pyramidal neurons. Reduced levels of PKCɛ, MnSOD, and BDNF and an increased level of Aβ were also found in hippocampal neurons from autopsy-confirmed AD patients...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656411/study-on-a-65-mer-peptide-mimetic-enzyme-with-gpx-and-sod-dual-function
#4
Juxin Yin, Jianjian Zhuang, Shaowu Lv, Ying Mu
Excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels are harmful to the body. The peroxidase, GPx, and the superoxide dismutase, SOD, are important antioxidant enzymes for preventing ROS-induced damage. Se-CuZn-65P is an enzyme mimetic with dual GPx and SOD antioxidant function. However, currently, its production is mainly based on the cysteine auxotrophic expression technique, which is inefficient, expensive, and time consuming. In this study, we combined protein engineering and the chemical mutation method to synthesize Se-CuZn-65P...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615926/circadian-differences-in-the-contribution-of-the-brain-renin-angiotensin-system-in-genetically-hypertensive-mice
#5
Kristy L Jackson, Francine Z Marques, Kyungjoon Lim, Pamela J Davern, Geoffrey A Head
Objective: Genetically hypertensive BPH/2J mice are recognized as a neurogenic model of hypertension, primarily based on sympathetic overactivity and greater neuronal activity in cardiovascular regulatory brain regions. Greater activity of the central renin angiotensin system (RAS) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) reportedly contribute to other models of hypertension. Importantly the peripheral RAS contributes to the hypertension in BPH/2J mice, predominantly during the dark period of the 24 h light cycle...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610821/the-enzyme-like-catalytic-activity-of-cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-and-its-dependency-on-ce-3-surface-area-concentration
#6
V Baldim, F Bedioui, N Mignet, I Margaill, J-F Berret
Cerium oxide nanoparticles are known to catalyze the decomposition of reactive oxygen species such as the superoxide radical and hydrogen peroxide. Herein, we examine the superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) mimetic catalytic activities of nanoceria and demonstrate the existence of generic behaviors. For particles of sizes 4.5, 7.8, 23 and 28 nm, the SOD and CAT catalytic activities exhibit the characteristic shape of a Langmuir isotherm as a function of cerium concentration. The results show that the catalytic effects are enhanced for smaller particles and for the particles with the largest Ce3+ fraction...
April 3, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603822/manganese-based-nanozymes-multienzyme-redox-activity-and-effect-on-the-nitric-oxide-produced-by-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase
#7
Namrata Singh, Geethika Motika, Sandeep M Eswarappa, Govindasamy Mugesh
Nanomaterials having enzyme-like activity (nanozymes) makes them suitable candidates for various biomedical applications. In this study, we demonstrate the morphology-dependent enzyme mimetic activity of Mn3O4 nanoparticles. It is found that Mn3O4 nanoparticles mimic the functions of all three cellular antioxidant enzymes- superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx). Interestingly, the nanozyme activity of Mn3O4 depends on various factors including size, morphology, surface area, redox property of the metal ions...
March 30, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594279/enhancement-of-sod-activity-in-boehmite-supported-nanoreceptors
#8
Álvaro Martínez-Camarena, Estefanía Delgado-Pinar, Concepción Soriano, Javier Alarcón, José M Llinares, Roberto Tejero, Enrique García-España
The binuclear Cu2+ complex of a pyridinophane polyamine ligand ranking amongst the fastest SOD mimetics so far reported displays a remarkable SOD activity enhancement when grafted to the surface of boehmite (γ-AlO(OH)) nanoparticles (BNPs).
March 29, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529199/superoxide-dismutating-molecules-rescue-the-toxic-effects-of-pink1-and-parkin-loss
#9
Alice Biosa, Alvaro Sanchez-Martinez, Roberta Filograna, Ana Terriente-Felix, Sarah M Alam, Mariano Beltramini, Luigi Bubacco, Marco Bisaglia, Alexander J Whitworth
Reactive oxygen species exert important functions in regulating several cellular signalling pathways. However, an excessive accumulation of reactive oxygen species can perturb the redox homeostasis leading to oxidative stress, a condition which has been associated to many neurodegenerative disorders. Accordingly, alterations in the redox state of cells and mitochondrial homeostasis are established hallmarks in both familial and sporadic Parkinson's disease cases. PINK1 and Parkin are two genes which account for a large fraction of autosomal recessive early-onset forms of Parkinson's disease and are now firmly associated to both mitochondria and redox homeostasis...
May 1, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456512/local-injections-of-superoxide-dismutase-attenuate-the-exercise-pressor-reflex-in-rats-with-femoral-artery-occlusion
#10
Jihong Xing, Jian Lu, Jiahao Liu, Jianhua Li
The exercise pressor reflex is amplified in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and in an experimental PAD model of rats induced by femoral artery occlusion. Heightened blood pressure worsens the restricted blood flow directed to the limbs in this disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the role played by muscle oxidative stress in regulating the augmented pressor response to static exercise in PAD. We hypothesized that limb ischemia impairs muscle superoxide dismutase (SOD) thereby leading to abnormal autonomic responsiveness observed in PAD animals, and a chronic compensation of SOD for anti-oxidation improves the exaggerated exercise pressor reflex...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351198/superoxide-dismutase-mimetic-gc4419-enhances-the-oxidation-of-pharmacological-ascorbate-and-its-anticancer-effects-in-an-h%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-dependent-manner
#11
Collin D Heer, Andrew B Davis, David B Riffe, Brett A Wagner, Kelly C Falls, Bryan G Allen, Garry R Buettner, Robert A Beardsley, Dennis P Riley, Douglas R Spitz
Lung cancer, together with head and neck cancer, accounts for more than one-fourth of cancer deaths worldwide. New, non-toxic therapeutic approaches are needed. High-dose IV vitamin C (aka, pharmacological ascorbate; P-AscH- ) represents a promising adjuvant to radiochemotherapy that exerts its anti-cancer effects via metal-catalyzed oxidation to form H₂O₂. Mn(III)-porphyrins possessing superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic activity have been shown to increase the rate of oxidation of AscH- , enhancing the anti-tumor effects of AscH- in several cancer types...
January 19, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296173/extracellular-superoxide-dismutase-inhibits-hepatocyte-growth-factor-mediated-breast-cancer-fibroblast-interactions
#12
Briana Ormsbee Golden, Brandon Griess, Shakeel Mir, Matthew Fitzgerald, Charlotte Kuperwasser, Frederick Domann, Melissa Teoh-Fitzgerald
We have previously shown tumor suppressive effects of extracellular superoxide dismutase, EcSOD in breast cancer cells. In this study, an RTK signaling array revealed an inhibitory effect of EcSOD on c-Met phosphorylation and its downstream kinase c-Abl in MDA-MB231 cells. Moreover, an extracellular protein array showed that thrombospondin 1 (TSP-1), a scavenger of the c-Met ligand, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is significantly up-regulated in EcSOD overexpressing cells (Ec.20). We further determined the effects of EcSOD on HGF/c-Met-mediated cancer-fibroblast interactions by co-culturing normal fibroblasts (RMF) or RMF which overexpresses HGF (RMF-HGF) with MDA-MB231 cells...
December 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296095/free-radical-scavenging-reverses-fructose-induced-salt-sensitive-hypertension
#13
Zachary P Zenner, Kevin L Gordish, William H Beierwaltes
We have previously reported that a moderate dietary supplementation of 20% fructose but not glucose leads to a salt-sensitive hypertension related to increased proximal sodium-hydrogen exchanger activity and increased renal sodium retention. We also found that while high salt increased renal nitric oxide formation, this was retarded in the presence of fructose intake. We hypothesized that at least part of the pathway leading to fructose-induced salt-sensitive hypertension could be due to fructose-induced formation of reactive oxygen species and inappropriate stimulation of renin secretion, all of which would contribute to an increase in blood pressure...
2018: Integrated Blood Pressure Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246840/hypoxic-challenge-of-hyperoxic-pulmonary-artery-myocytes-increases-oxidative-stress-due-to-impaired-mitochondrial-superoxide-dismutase-activity
#14
Iram Musharaf, Martha Hinton, Man Yi, Shyamala Dakshinamurti
Infants with lung disease may be exposed to high O2 concentrations, and may have transient hypoxic episodes due to worsening lung pathophysiology, aggravating pulmonary arterial (PA) oxidative stress. NADPH oxidase (NOX) converts O2 to superoxide. Mitochondrial antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) are sensitive to O2 tension. We previously reported decreased SOD2 activity in hypoxic PA myocytes due to nitration. In this study, we examined whether a transient hypoxic episode exposes antioxidant defense defects in hyperoxic PA myocytes...
February 2018: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131419/potential-therapeutic-applications-of-mnsods-and-sod-mimetics
#15
Rosalin Bonetta
Natural as well as synthetic antioxidants are constantly being investigated for their efficiency in combatting the effects of oxidative stress, which appears to be the responsible cause of several diseases, which include cancer, central nervous system disorders, ischaemia-reperfusion disorders, cardiovascular conditions and diabetes. Superoxide dismutases (SODs) constitute the ubiquitous antioxidant defenses against oxidative stress that underlies numerous pathological conditions. Therefore, the development of therapeutics aimed at either delivering MnSOD more effectively to target tissues in the body in the form of MnSOD gene therapy, or the synthesis of molecules that mimic the activity of superoxide dismutase is constantly being explored...
November 12, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104232/treatment-with-a-catalytic-superoxide-dismutase-sod-mimetic-improves-liver-steatosis-insulin-sensitivity-and-inflammation-in-obesity-induced-type-2-diabetes
#16
Gina M Coudriet, Meghan M Delmastro-Greenwood, Dana M Previte, Meghan L Marré, Erin C O'Connor, Elizabeth A Novak, Garret Vincent, Kevin P Mollen, Sojin Lee, H Henry Dong, Jon D Piganelli
Oxidative stress and persistent inflammation are exaggerated through chronic over-nutrition and a sedentary lifestyle, resulting in insulin resistance. In type 2 diabetes (T2D), impaired insulin signaling leads to hyperglycemia and long-term complications, including metabolic liver dysfunction, resulting in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The manganese metalloporphyrin superoxide dismustase (SOD) mimetic, manganese (III) meso-tetrakis ( N -ethylpyridinium-2-yl) porphyrin (MnP), is an oxidoreductase known to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) and decrease pro-inflammatory cytokine production, by inhibiting nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) activation...
November 1, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022998/synthesis-characterization-and-antimicrobial-activities-of-copper-derivatives-of-nhc-ii-complexes
#17
Karumutchu Sitalu, B Hari Babu, J Naveena Lavanya Latha, A Lakshmana Rao
BACKGROUND: Caffeine, 1, 3, 7-trimethylxanthine is one of the xanthine derivatives that are for the most part utilized as a part of solutions as diuretics. The Cu (II) complexes have been synthesized from the N-heterocyclic carbene ligands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Cu (II) NHC complexes were characterized using analytical and spectral techniques. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of the Cu (II) NHC complexes were determined using the reported techniques...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022898/superoxide-drives-progression-of-parkin-pink1-dependent-mitophagy-following-translocation-of-parkin-to-mitochondria
#18
Bin Xiao, Xiao Deng, Grace G Y Lim, Shaoping Xie, Zhi Dong Zhou, Kah-Leong Lim, Eng-King Tan
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitophagy are profoundly implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Several studies have suggested that ROS are not involved in mitochondrial translocation of Parkin which primes mitochondria for autophagic elimination. However, whether ROS play a role in the execution of mitophagy is unknown. In the present study, we show that carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) treatment induced both mitochondrial depolarization and generation of ROS that were needed for the mitophagy process...
October 12, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984335/the-design-of-synthetic-superoxide-dismutase-mimetics-seven-coordinate-water-soluble-manganese-ii-and-iron-ii-complexes-and-their-superoxide-dismutase-like-activity-studies
#19
Ovender Singh, Nidhi Tyagi, Marilyn M Olmstead, Kaushik Ghosh
Bio-inspired manganese [Mn(N5 Py)(H2 O)(CH3 OH)](ClO4 )2 (1) and iron [Fe(N5 Py)(H2 O)(ClO4 )]ClO4 (2) complexes derived from a pentadentate ligand (N5 Py = 2,6-bis((E)-1-phenyl-2-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)hydrazinyl)pyridine) framework containing a N5 binding motif were synthesized and characterized using different spectroscopic methods. The molecular structures of complexes 1 and 2 were determined by X-ray crystallography. These complexes were found to be stable under physiological conditions and exhibited an excellent superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity...
October 24, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965946/d-allulose-a-stereoisomer-of-d-fructose-extends-caenorhabditis-elegans-lifespan-through-a-dietary-restriction-mechanism-a-new-candidate-dietary-restriction-mimetic
#20
Tomoya Shintani, Hirofumi Sakoguchi, Akihide Yoshihara, Ken Izumori, Masashi Sato
Dietary restriction (DR) is an effective intervention known to increase lifespan in a wide variety of organisms. DR also delays the onset of aging-associated diseases. DR mimetics, compounds that can mimic the effects of DR, have been intensively explored. d-Allulose (d-Alu), the C3-epimer of d-fructose, is a rare sugar that has various health benefits, including anti-hyperglycemia and anti-obesity effects. Here, we report that d-Alu increased the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans both under monoxenic and axenic culture conditions...
December 2, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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