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C D C Neves, A C R Lacerda, V K S Lage, L P Lima, R Tossige-Gomes, S F Fonseca, E Rocha-Vieira, M M Teixeira, V A Mendonça
Chronic exposure to cigarette smoke seems to be related to an increase of pro-inflammatory cytokines, oxidative stress and changes in muscular and physical performances of healthy smokers. However, these parameters have not yet been evaluated simultaneously in previous studies. The participants of this study were healthy males divided into two groups: smokers (n=20) and non-smokers (n=20). Inflammation was evaluated by measuring plasma levels of the cytokines IL-10, IL-6 e TNF-α, and of the soluble receptors sTNFR1 and sTNFR2...
October 24, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Shi-Ying Jin, Rui-Sheng Li, Bao-de Shen, Jin-Xia Bai, Ping-Hua Xu, Ling Dai, He Xu, Shi-Xiao Jin, Jin Han, Hai-Long Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain anti-fatigue constituents and mechanisms of Herpetospermum caudigerum. METHODS: The 80% ethanol extracts of Herpetospermum caudigerum were partitioned with chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol, respectively. Male Kunming mice were divided into 13 groups with 16 mice in each group: a control group fed with water, 9 groups treated with 3 fractions of Herpetospermum caudigerum (chloroform fraction, ethyl acetate fraction and n-butanol fraction) at dose of 80, 160 and 320 mg/kg for the low-dose group, medium-dose group and high-dose group, 3 herpetrione (HPE) treated groups fed with HPE at dose of 15, 30, and 60 mg/kg for the low-dose group, medium-dose group and high-dose group...
November 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Zeineb Kamoun, Alya Sellami Kamoun, Ali Bougatef, Rim Marrakchi Kharrat, Houssem Youssfi, Tahia Boudawara, Mouna Chakroun, Moncef Nasri, Najiba Zeghal
Ethanol consumption-induced oxidative stress that is a major etiological factor has been proven to play important roles in organs' injury. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of fish protein hydrolysate prepared from the heads and viscera of sardinelle (Sardinella aurita) (SPH) against the toxicity of ethanol on the liver and kidney of adult male rats. Animals were divided into four groups of six animals each: group C served as control, group Eth received 30 % ethanol solution at the dose of 3 g/kg body weight, group SPH received only 7...
October 25, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xiong Yang, Hao Ding, Zhenbang Qin, Changwen Zhang, Shiyong Qi, Hongtuan Zhang, Tong Yang, Zhen He, Kuo Yang, E Du, Chunyu Liu, Yong Xu, Zhihong Zhang
Oxidative stress is a causal factor and key promoter of urolithiasis associated with renal tubular epithelium cell injury. The present study was designed to investigate the preventive effects of metformin on renal tubular cell injury induced by oxalate and stone formation in a hyperoxaluric rat model. MTT assays were carried out to determine the protection of metformin from oxalate-induced cytotoxicity. The intracellular superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were measured in vitro...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Md Sahab Uddin, Abdullah Al Mamun, Md Sarwar Hossain, Farjana Akter, Mohammed Ashraful Iqbal, Md Asaduzzaman
Neurodegenerative diseases are incurable and debilitating conditions that result in the progressive degeneration of nerve cells, which affect the cognitive activity. Currently, as a result of multiple studies linking Alzheimer's disease (AD) to oxidative damage, the uses of natural antioxidant to prevent, delay, or enhance the pathological changes underlying the progression of AD has received considerable attention. Therefore, this study was aimed at examining the effect of ethanolic extracts of Phyllanthus emblica (EEPE) ripe (EEPEr) and EEPE unripe (EEPEu) fruits on cognitive functions, brain antioxidant enzymes, and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in rat...
October 2016: Annals of Neurosciences
Sang Gil Lee, Taoran Wang, Terrence M Vance, Patrice Hubert, Dae-Ok Kim, Sung I Koo, Ock K Chun
Although several analytical methods for measuring total antioxidant capacity (TAC) have been applied to biological samples, there were often dissimilar results due to the different principles of methods applied. Thus, this study aimed to validate four conventional analytical methods for measuring plasma TAC including ABTS assay, DPPH assay, FRAP assay, and ORAC assay by comparing with urinary 8-isoprostane concentration. In addition, TAC results were also compared with erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activities including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and glutathione peroxidase...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Prajakta A Dhage, Lekha K Kamble, Shobha Y Bhargava
Superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD- 1) is an antioxidant enzyme that regulates the levels of Reactive oxygen species (ROS) by catalyzing the conversion of superoxide radical into hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and oxygen. ROS are known to play a significant role in various cellular processes, via redox modification of a variety of molecules that participate in signaling pathways involved in this processes. As the levels of ROS in cells are controlled by the levels of antioxidant enzymes, thus SOD-1 may be indirectly involved in regulating different cellular processes by maintaining the required levels of H2O2...
October 22, 2016: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Xiang Li, Handong Wang, Yongyue Gao, Liwen Li, Chao Tang, Guodao Wen, Yuan Zhou, Mengliang Zhou, Lei Mao, Youwu Fan
The present investigation was carried out to elucidate a possible molecular mechanism related to the protective effect of quercetin administration against oxidative stress on various mitochondrial respiratory complex subunits with special emphasis on the role of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in mitochondrial biogenesis. Recently, quercetin has been proved to have a protective effect against mitochondria damage after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, its precise role and underlying mechanisms in traumatic brain injury are not yet fully understood...
2016: PloS One
Anouar Ben Saad, Ilhem Rjeibi, Dalel Brahmi, Amani Smida, Sana Ncib, Nacim Zouari, Lazher Zourgui
Malva sylvestris has recently attracted special attention due to its potential activities in many chronic disorders. We aimed to assess the beneficial effects of Malva sylvestris extract against lithium carbonate induced renal damage in male Wistar rats. For this purpose, Malva sylvestris extract at a dose of 0.2g/kg was orally administrated, followed by 25mg/kg of lithium carbonate (intraperitoneal injection) for 30 days. Malva sylvestris extract was proved to contain large amounts of K(+), Na(+), Ca(++) and the existence of phenolic acids and flavonoids shown by the obtained HPLC-based analysis...
October 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Hassanali Lotfollahi, Mustafa Mohammadi, Samad Ghaffari, Reza Badalzadeh, Bahram Sohrabi, Naser Aslanabadi, Ahmad Separham, Ali Golmohammadi, Ali Abbasnejad, Mehri Roshani
Introduction: This study designed to use remote ischemic post conditioning (RIPC) as a protective strategy during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) to reduce myocardial cells damage due to reperfusion injury. Methods: Sixty-one patients were divided into test group (32 patients) receiving RIPC and control group (29 patients). Patients were included with first MI who had 20-80 years old. The RIPC protocol was applied on patients arm in three successive episodes during the opening of infarct-related artery (IRA)...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Artur Wdowiak
The aim of this study was to investigate the activity of myoinositol, in a court of 217 PCOS women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), on pregnancy rate, embryo development, estradiol, and progesterone concentration in blood serum, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) in follicular fluid. Concerning the court of patient, 112 (groups I and II) out of 217 were PCOS women, whereas group III consisted of healthy subjects (not PCOS). Group I patients were treated with 400 μg of folic acid per day for 3 months before ICSI, whereas group II patients received 4000 mg of myoinositol and 400 μg of folic acid per day for 3 months before ICSI...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
Siamak Ahshin-Majd, Samira Zamani, Taktom Kiamari, Zahra Kiasalari, Tourandokht Baluchnejadmojarad, Mehrdad Roghani
Diabetic patients are at increased risk to develop cognitive deficit and senile dementia. This study was planned to assess the benefits of chronic carnosine administration on prevention of learning and memory deterioration in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats and to explore some of the involved mechanisms. Rats were divided into 5 groups: i.e., control, carnosine100-treated control, diabetic, and carnosine-treated diabetics (50 and 100mg/kg). Carnosine was injected i.p. at doses of 50 or 100mg/kg for 7 weeks, started 1 week after induction of diabetes using streptozotocin...
October 21, 2016: Peptides
Michael Mendler, Christin Riedinger, Andrea Schlotterer, Nadine Volk, Thomas Fleming, Stephan Herzig, Peter P Nawroth, Michael Morcos
BACKGROUND: Glucose derived metabolism generates reactive metabolites affecting the neuronal system and lifespan in C. elegans. Here, the role of the insulin homologue ins-7 and its downstream effectors in the generation of high glucose induced neuronal damage and shortening of lifespan was studied. RESULTS: In C. elegans high glucose conditions induced the expression of the insulin homologue ins-7. Abrogating ins-7 under high glucose conditions in non-neuronal cells decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS)-formation and accumulation of methylglyoxal derived advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), prevented structural neuronal damage and normalised head motility and lifespan...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Hanen Ferjani, Hossam Draz, Salwa Abid, Abedellatif Achour, Hassen Bacha, Imen Boussema-Ayed
Tacrolimus (TAC) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) are common immunosuppressive drugs used to avoid immunological rejection of transplanted organs. The risk of developing cancer is the most critical complication in organ transplant recipients undergoing immunosuppressive therapy. This study aims to explore the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of TAC and MMF alone or combined orally administrated on spleen and bone marrow of Wistar rats. Our results showed that TAC (2.4; 24 and 60mg/kg) and MMF (5; 50 and 125mg/kg) induced a genotoxic effect on rat bone marrow...
November 1, 2016: Mutation Research
Irsa Tahir, Muhammad Rashid Khan, Naseer Ali Shah, Maryam Aftab
BACKGROUND: In the present study the antioxidant potential of a methanol extract of Phyllanthus emblica leaves (PELE) was determined by in vitro methods as well as by an in vivo animal model, along with HPLC-DAD screening for phyto-constituents. METHODS: The in vitro antioxidant potential of PELE was assessed by scavenging of DPPH, nitric oxide and anti-lipid peroxidation assays. For in vivo evaluation, a 60-day experimental plan was followed in which Sprague Dawley rats were administered with 1 mL/kg of CCl4 (CCl4 : DMSO + Olive oil; 30 % v/v) alone or with different doses of PELE (200, 400 mg/kg p...
October 24, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Tahira Younis, Muhammad Rashid Khan, Moniba Sajid
BACKGROUND: Leaves and root bark of Fraxinus xanthoxyloides Wall. (Oleaceae) are used locally for the treatment of jaundice, malaria and pneumonia. Decoction of stem, twigs and bark is used in pain, internal injuries, rheumatism and in bone fracture. In this investigation we have evaluated the methanol extract of leaves for its hepatoprotective potential against CCl4 induced hepatic injuries in rat. METHODS: Powder of F. xanthoxyloides leaves was extracted with methanol (FXM) and subjected for the determination of polyphenolics through HPLC-DAD analysis...
October 24, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Lingling Li, Da Yang, Yufang Song, Yi Shi, Bin Huang, Jun Yan, Xinxin Dong
In this study, toxic effects of bifenthrin in soil on earthworms were evaluated by acute and chronic toxic endpoints combined with a set of biomarkers. Bifenthrin was moderately toxic in 72-h filter paper test and low toxic in 14-d soil test. The exposure of earthworms to bifenthrin-polluted soil for 8 weeks showed that cocoons were inhibited by high dose of bifenthrin, and larvae were stimulated by low dose but inhibited by high dose of bifenthrin. Furthermore, 28-d soil test on the responses of enzymes associated with antioxidation and detoxification in worms showed that peroxidase (POD) was stimulated by bifenthrin, superoxide dismutase (SOD) inhibited in the early period but stimulated in the later period, glutathione S- transferase (GST) inhibited in the later period, and ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) inhibited at day 3 but markedly stimulated at day 28 at high dose...
October 21, 2016: Chemosphere
Jun Shi, Huiping Deng, Huichao Pan, Yinjie Xu, Min Zhang
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory effects. Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a potent toxin and our past research suggested that it also mediated human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of EGCG on MC-LR-induced oxidative stress and inflammatory responses in HUVECs. HUVECs were stimulated with MC-LR in the presence or absence of EGCG. MC-LR (40 μM) significantly increased cell death and decreased cell viability, migration, and tube formation, whereas EGCG (50 μM) inhibited these effects...
October 21, 2016: Chemosphere
J Y Yang, H J Zhang, J Wang, S G Wu, H Y Yue, X R Jiang, G H Qi
Grape proanthocyanidins (GPCs) are a family of naturally derived polyphenols that have aroused interest in the poultry industry due to their versatile role in animal health. This study was conducted to investigate the potential benefits and appropriate dosages of GPCs on growth performance, jejunum morphology, plasma antioxidant capacity and the biochemical indices of broiler chicks. A total of 280 newly hatched male Cobb 500 broiler chicks were randomly allocated into four treatments of seven replicates each, and were fed a wheat-soybean meal-type diet with or without (control group), 7...
October 24, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Hélène Blasco, Guillaume Garcon, Franck Patin, Charlotte Veyrat-Durebex, Judith Boyer, David Devos, Patrick Vourc'h, Christian R Andres, Philippe Corcia
BACKGROUND: Pathophysiological mechanisms that contribute to neurodegeneration in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) include oxidative stress and inflammation. We conducted a preliminary study to explore these mechanisms, to discuss their link in ALS, and to determine the feasibility of incorporating this combined analysis into current biomarkers research. METHODS: We enrolled 10 ALS patients and 10 controls. We measured the activities of glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, superoxyde dismutase (SOD), and the levels of serum total antioxidant status (TAS), malondialdehyde (MDA), 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and glutathione status (e...
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
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