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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928187/impact-of-a-training-program-on-pharmacists-comfort-with-pediatric-pharmacy-concepts-and-basic-pediatric-knowledge
#1
Elizabeth A Riney, Andrew J Crannage, Nausheen Hasan, Julie A Murphy
Objective: To determine the impact of a training program on pharmacists' comfort with pediatric pharmacy concepts and basic pediatric knowledge. Methods: All pharmacists at our institution were invited to participate in the study. Consenting participants completed a baseline survey of 15 questions on basic knowledge in 5 pediatric topic areas (pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics, weight-based dosing, anticoagulation, renal dosing, and common antibiotics) as well as 8 statements rating self-reported comfort with pediatric pharmacy...
November 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924352/-prerequisites-skills-and-productivity-of-young-academic-urologists-in-germany
#2
H Borgmann, J Bründl, J Huber, C Ruf, U Schagdarsurgengin, B Wullich, J Salem
BACKGROUND: To safeguard scientific and clinical progress, German urology requires properly trained junior scientists. Before initiating or continuing actions aiming at quality improvement an analysis of the status quo is necessary. OBJECTIVE: To assess the conditions to pursue research, research skills and research output of junior scientists in urology in Germany. MATERIAL UND METHODS: A 16-item online questionnaire was sent to 95 junior scientists in urology within the research network GeSRU Academics...
December 6, 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879359/effect-of-decide-decision-making-education-for-choices-in-diabetes-everyday-program-delivery-modalities-on-clinical-and-behavioral-outcomes-in-urban-african-americans-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-trial
#3
Stephanie L Fitzpatrick, Sherita Hill Golden, Kerry Stewart, June Sutherland, Sharie DeGross, Tina Brown, Nae-Yuh Wang, Jerilyn Allen, Lisa A Cooper, Felicia Hill-Briggs
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of three delivery modalities of Decision-making Education for Choices In Diabetes Everyday (DECIDE), a nine-module, literacy-adapted diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) education and problem-solving training, compared with an enhanced usual care (UC), on clinical and behavioral outcomes among urban African Americans with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Eligible participants (n = 182) had a suboptimal CVD risk factor profile (A1C, blood pressure, and/or lipids)...
December 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861516/the-mcme-project-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-sms-based-continuing-medical-education-intervention-for-improving-medical-knowledge-among-vietnamese-community-based-physicians-assistants
#4
Christopher J Gill, Bao Le Ngoc, Nafisa Halim, Ha Nguyen Viet, Anna Larson Williams, Tan Nguyen Van, Marion McNabb, Lien Tran Thi Ngoc, Ariel Falconer, Hai An Phan Ha, Julia Rohr, Hai Hoang, James Michiel, Tam Nguyen Thi Thanh, Liat Bird, Hoang Pham Vu, Mahlet Yeshitla, Nhu Ha Van, Lora Sabin
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) provide critical services to underserved populations in low and middle-income countries, but maintaining CHW's clinical knowledge through formal continuing medical education (CME) activities is challenging and rarely occurs. We tested whether a Short Message Service (SMS)-based mobile CME (mCME) intervention could improve medical knowledge among a cadre of Vietnamese CHWs (Community Based Physician's Assistants-CBPAs) who are the leading providers of primary medical care for rural underserved populations...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846082/organizational-readiness-for-nurse-residency-accreditation
#5
Renee Franquiz, Charlotte Seckman
Professional development nurses assume a principal role in establishing a state of readiness for accreditation of an organization's nurse residency program. This quality improvement project engaged a professional development department in self-study of their nurse residency program to determine readiness for accreditation by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education. The outcomes demonstrate a favorable state of organizational readiness, with minor program gaps in 19/45 accreditation criteria, requiring corrective action to optimize readiness for success...
November 2016: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820761/effect-of-intensity-and-program-delivery-on-the-translation-of-diabetes-prevention-program-to-worksites-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-fuel-your-life
#6
Mark G Wilson, David M DeJoy, Robert J Vandenberg, Phaedra Corso, Heather Padilla, Heather Zuercher
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Fuel Your Life program, an adaptation of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), utilizing implementation strategies commonly used in worksite programs-telephone coaching, small group coaching, and self-study. METHODS: The primary outcomes of body mass index and weight were examined in a randomized control trial conducted with city/county employees. RESULTS: Although the majority of participants in all three groups lost some weight, the phone group lost significantly more weight (4...
November 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820760/a-prospective-programmatic-cost-analysis-of-fuel-your-life-a-worksite-translation-of-dpp
#7
Justin B Ingels, Rebecca L Walcott, Mark G Wilson, Phaedra S Corso, Heather M Padilla, Heather Zuercher, David M DeJoy, Robert J Vandenberg
OBJECTIVE: An accounting of the resources necessary for implementation of efficacious programs is important for economic evaluations and dissemination. METHODS: A programmatic costs analysis was conducted prospectively in conjunction with an efficacy trial of Fuel Your Life (FYL), a worksite translation of the Diabetes Prevention Program. FYL was implemented through three different modalities, Group, Phone, and Self-study, using a micro-costing approach from both the employer and societal perspectives...
November 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798818/an-evaluation-of-outcomes-following-the-replacement-of-traditional-histology-laboratories-with-self-study-modules
#8
Andrew R Thompson, D J Lowrie
Changes in medical school curricula often require educators to develop teaching strategies that decrease contact hours while maintaining effective pedagogical methods. When faced with this challenge, faculty at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine converted the majority of in-person histology laboratory sessions to self-study modules that utilize multiple audiovisual modalities and a virtual microscope platform. Outcomes related to this shift were investigated through performance on in-house examinations, results of the United States Medical Licensing Examination(®) (USMLE(®) ) Step 1 Examination, and student feedback...
October 31, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764018/preparing-residents-effectively-in-emergency-skills-training-with-a-serious-game
#9
Mary E W Dankbaar, Maartje Bakhuys Roozeboom, Esther A P B Oprins, Frans Rutten, Jeroen J G van Merrienboer, Jan L C M van Saase, Stephanie C E Schuit
INTRODUCTION: Training emergency care skills is critical for patient safety but cost intensive. Serious games have been proposed as an engaging self-directed learning tool for complex skills. The objective of this study was to compare the cognitive skills and motivation of medical residents who only used a course manual as preparation for classroom training on emergency care with residents who used an additional serious game. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study with residents preparing for a rotation in the emergency department...
October 19, 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754796/resident-learning-across-the-full-range-of-core-competencies-through-a-transitions-of-care-curriculum
#10
Juliessa M Pavon, Sandro O Pinheiro, Gwendolen T Buhr
OBJECTIVE: We developed a Transitions of Care (TOC) curriculum to teach and measure learner competence in performing TOC tasks for older adults. DESIGN: Internal medicine interns at an academic residency program received the curriculum, which consisted of experiential learning, self-study, and small group discussion. Interns completed retrospective pre/post surveys rating their confidence in performing five TOC tasks, qualitative open-ended survey questions, and a self-reflection essay...
October 18, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727138/impact-of-an-interactive-vascular-surgery-web-based-educational-curriculum-on-surgical-trainee-knowledge-and-interest
#11
Mohamed A Zayed, Emily A Lilo, Jason T Lee
OBJECTIVE: The surgical council on resident education developed an online competency-based self-study curriculum for general surgery residency trainees. Vascular surgery trainees are yet to have a similarly validated and readily accessible self-study curriculum. We sought to determine the effect of an interactive online vascular surgery curriculum on trainee knowledge and interest in vascular surgery. METHODS: Over 15 months, 53 trainees (36 medical students and 16 surgical residents) performing a vascular surgery rotation were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, 2-cohort study...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718149/the-topology-prediction-of-membrane-proteins-a-web-based-tutorial
#12
Cagin Kandemir-Cavas, Levent Cavas, Hakan Alyuruk
There is a great need for development of educational materials on the transfer of current bioinformatics knowledge to undergraduate students in bioscience departments. In this study, it is aimed to prepare an example in silico laboratory tutorial on the topology prediction of membrane proteins by bioinformatics tools. This laboratory tutorial is prepared for biochemistry lessons at bioscience departments (biology, chemistry, biochemistry, molecular biology and genetics, and faculty of medicine). The tutorial is intended for students who have not taken a bioinformatics course yet or already have taken a course as an introduction to bioinformatics...
October 7, 2016: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618172/-emergency-doctor-training-for-psychiatric-emergencies-evaluation-of-an-interactive-training-program
#13
Peter Flüchter, Vincent Müller, Felix Bischof, Frank-Gerald Bernhard Pajonk
Aim: Emergency physicians are often confronted with psychiatric emergencies, but are not well trained for it and often feel unable to cope sufficiently with them. The aim of this investigation was to examine whether multisensoric training may improve learning effects in the training of emergency physicians with regard to psychiatric emergencies. Method: Participation in a multi-modal, multi-media training program with video case histories and subsequent evaluation by questionnaire. Results: 66 emergency physicians assessed their learning effects...
September 12, 2016: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597784/introduction-energy-and-the-subsurface
#14
Ivan C Christov, Hari S Viswanathan
This theme issue covers topics at the forefront of scientific research on energy and the subsurface, ranging from carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration to the recovery of unconventional shale oil and gas resources through hydraulic fracturing. As such, the goal of this theme issue is to have an impact on the scientific community, broadly, by providing a self-contained collection of articles contributing to and reviewing the state-of-the-art of the field. This collection of articles could be used, for example, to set the next generation of research directions, while also being useful as a self-study guide for those interested in entering the field...
October 13, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579364/basic-practical-skills-teaching-and-learning-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-review-on-methodological-evidence
#15
Daniela Vogel, Sigrid Harendza
OBJECTIVE: Practical skills are an essential part of physicians' daily routine. Nevertheless, medical graduates' performance of basic skills is often below the expected level. This review aims to identify and summarize teaching approaches of basic practical skills in undergraduate medical education which provide evidence with respect to effective students' learning of these skills. METHODS: Basic practical skills were defined as basic physical examination skills, routine skills which get better with practice, and skills which are also performed by nurses...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575492/undescended-testis-how-best-to-teach-the-physical-examination
#16
S Zundel, G Blumenstock, A Herrmann-Werner, M Trueck, A Schmidt, S Wiechers
BACKGROUND: Undescended testis in boys is common. Guidelines recommend surgical treatment between the ages of 6 months and 2 years; nevertheless, orchidopexy is frequently performed at later ages. One reason is the belated diagnosis due to a perceived difficulty in the physical examination (PE) and correct localization of the testis. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to find an effective method for teaching the physical examination of the testis in a child. STUDY DESIGN: An interdisciplinary team developed teaching sessions, including an educational video and a simulator...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573334/skills-and-knowledge-of-informatics-and-training-needs-of-hospital-pharmacists-in-thailand-a-self-assessment-survey
#17
Teeraporn Chonsilapawit, Suang Rungpragayphan
OBJECTIVE: Because hospital pharmacists have to deal with large amounts of health information and advanced information technology in practice, they must possess adequate skills and knowledge of informatics to operate efficiently. However, most current pharmacy curricula in Thailand barely address the principles and skills concerned with informatics, and Thai pharmacists usually acquire computer literacy and informatics skills through personal-interest training and self-study. In this study, we aimed to assess the skills and knowledge of informatics and the training needs of hospital pharmacists in Thailand, in order to improve curricular and professional development...
October 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569751/levels-of-evidence-for-foot-and-ankle-questions-on-the-orthopaedic-in-training-examination-15-year-trends
#18
Cory T Walsh, Louis C Grandizio, Joel C Klena, John M Parenti, Gerard J Cush
BACKGROUND: The foot and ankle (FA) content domain is a component of the orthopaedic in-training examination (OITE). Levels of evidence (LoE) have been infrequently studied on the OITE. The purpose of this study is to determine if LoE for primary journal articles referenced for FA questions increased over a 15-year period. We also aim to determine if reference characteristics and question taxonomy have changed during this period. METHODS: All 132 questions and 261 references in the FA content domain from 1995 to 1997 and from 2010 to 2012 were included...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568126/creation-and-global-deployment-of-a-mobile-application-based-cognitive-simulator-for-cardiac-surgical-procedures
#19
Zachary E Brewer, William David Ogden, James I Fann, Thomas A Burdon, Ahmad Y Sheikh
Several modern learning frameworks (eg, cognitive apprenticeship, anchored instruction, and situated cognition) posit the utility of nontraditional methods for effective experiential learning. Thus, development of novel educational tools emphasizing the cognitive framework of operative sequences may be of benefit to surgical trainees. We propose the development and global deployment of an effective, mobile cognitive cardiac surgical simulator. In methods, 16 preclinical medical students were assessed. Overall, 4 separate surgical modules (sternotomy, cannulation, decannulation, and sternal closure) were created utilizing the Touch Surgery (London, UK) platform...
2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388860/multisite-single-blinded-randomized-control-study-of-transfer-and-retention-of-knowledge-and-skill-between-nurses-using-simulation-and-online-self-study-module
#20
Tonya Rutherford-Hemming, Nichole C Kelsey, Deanna L Grenig, Michelle Feliciano, Leslie Simko, Christina M Henrich
INTRODUCTION: Obstetric (OB) nurses must be proficient in performing a basic neurologic examination to assess and detect changes in a patients' neurologic status. This study aimed to compare knowledge and skill acquisition for a basic neurologic examination between OB nurses who participated in simulation and those who participated in an online self-study module. Short- and long-term knowledge retention and skill transfer between groups were evaluated. METHODS: Nurses were randomized to either simulation or online self-study module and assessed by direct observation and completion of a standardized instrument by the observer at 3 time points: baseline (time 1), within 7 days of baseline in the clinical setting (time 2), and at 2 months (time 3) using a validated12-item Neurologic Knowledge Assessment and a 14-item performance skill checklist...
August 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
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