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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086868/the-impact-of-students-and-curriculum-on-self-study-during-clinical-training-in-medical-school-a-multilevel-approach
#1
J Barbosa, A Silva, M A Ferreira, M Severo
BACKGROUND: In higher education, the focus has shifted from the acquisition of knowledge to learning objectives and skills. This means that, the majority of student learning time is spent independently working outside the classroom. Students take an active role in setting goals, deciding how to achieve them, and planning individual study time. Although extensive research has recognized the importance of curriculum and students' characteristics in time devoted to self-study, it is still unclear to what extent these variables affect time to study...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047524/su-f-p-05-initial-experience-with-an-independent-certification-program-for-stereotactic-radiosurgery-and-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy
#2
T Solberg, J Robar, T Gevaert, M Todorovic, J Howe
PURPOSE: The ASTRO document "Safety is no accident: A FRAMEWORK FOR QUALITY RADIATION ONCOLOGY AND CARE" recommends external reviews of specialized modalities. The purpose of this presentation is to describe the implementation of such a program for Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) and Stereotactic Body radiation Therapy (SBRT). METHODS: The margin of error for SRS and SBRT delivery is significantly smaller than that of conventional radiotherapy and therefore requires special attention and diligence...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045758/a-virtual-reality-simulation-model-of-spinal-ultrasound-role-in-teaching-spinal-sonoanatomy
#3
Reva Ramlogan, Ahtsham U Niazi, Rongyu Jin, James Johnson, Vincent W Chan, Anahi Perlas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound assessment of the lumbar spine improves the success of spinal and epidural anesthesia, especially for patients with underlying difficult anatomy. To assist with the teaching and learning of ultrasound-guided neuraxial anesthesia, we have created an online interactive educational model (http://www.usra.ca/vspine.php and http://pie.med.utoronto.ca/vspine). The aim of the current study was to determine whether the virtual spine model improved the knowledge of neuraxial anatomy and sonoanatomy...
December 29, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031600/medical-curriculum-and-pharmacology-an-appraisal
#4
P S R K Haranath
Pharmacology was introduced with Western Medical Education in India in 1900s. RN Chopra was the first Professor of Pharmacology along with patient care in School of Tropical Medicine Calcutta. Now Pharmacologists do not have clinical care nor give laboratory services to hospitals. Medical Education advanced in the West in 1960s with more emphasis on Integrated Teaching and Student Self-study and less on didactic lectures. System Based Learning and Problem Based Learning reduced importance of individual subjects...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006659/an-investigation-of-perceptions-of-programme-quality-support-of-adult-basic-education-programmes
#5
Gary Udouj, Kenda Grover, Greg Belcher, Kit Kacirek
This study was designed to identify the degree to which the directors of adult basic education programs perceive they have program quality support, as evidenced by a well-defined mission and role in the community, a management system, human resources management, and a suitable learning environment. NSCALL's Evidence-based program self-assessment (2006) was modified and administered electronically to administrators of adult education programs in a mid-southern state. Findings indicated that most directors perceive they are implementing the indicators of program quality support in all of the areas surveyed...
December 13, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981166/exploring-oncology-nurses-grief-a-self-study
#6
REVIEW
Lisa C Barbour
Oncology nursing, like many other nursing fields, often provides nurses with the opportunity to get to know their patients and their families well. This familiarity allows oncology nurses to show a level of compassion and empathy that is often helpful to the patient and their family during their struggle with cancer. However, this familiarity can also lead to a profound sense of grief if the patient loses that struggle. This self-study provided me the opportunity to systematically explore my own experience with grief as an oncology nurse, helping me to identify specific stressors and also sources of stress release...
July 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975195/serious-games-and-blended-learning-effects-on-performance-and-motivation-in-medical-education
#7
Mary Dankbaar
INTRODUCTION: More efficient, flexible training models are needed in medical education. Information technology offers the tools to design and develop effective and more efficient training. The aims of this thesis were: 1) Compare the effectiveness of blended versus classroom training for the acquisition of knowledge; 2) Investigate the effectiveness and critical design features of serious games for performance improvement and motivation. METHODS: Five empirical studies were conducted to answer the research questions and a descriptive study on an evaluation framework to assess serious games was performed...
December 14, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928187/impact-of-a-training-program-on-pharmacists-comfort-with-pediatric-pharmacy-concepts-and-basic-pediatric-knowledge
#8
Elizabeth A Riney, Andrew J Crannage, Nausheen Hasan, Julie A Murphy
Objective: To determine the impact of a training program on pharmacists' comfort with pediatric pharmacy concepts and basic pediatric knowledge. Methods: All pharmacists at our institution were invited to participate in the study. Consenting participants completed a baseline survey of 15 questions on basic knowledge in 5 pediatric topic areas (pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics, weight-based dosing, anticoagulation, renal dosing, and common antibiotics) as well as 8 statements rating self-reported comfort with pediatric pharmacy...
November 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924352/-prerequisites-skills-and-productivity-of-young-academic-urologists-in-germany
#9
H Borgmann, J Bründl, J Huber, C Ruf, U Schagdarsurgengin, B Wullich, J Salem
BACKGROUND: To safeguard scientific and clinical progress, German urology requires properly trained junior scientists. Before initiating or continuing actions aiming at quality improvement an analysis of the status quo is necessary. OBJECTIVE: To assess the conditions to pursue research, research skills and research output of junior scientists in urology in Germany. MATERIAL UND METHODS: A 16-item online questionnaire was sent to 95 junior scientists in urology within the research network GeSRU Academics...
December 6, 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879359/effect-of-decide-decision-making-education-for-choices-in-diabetes-everyday-program-delivery-modalities-on-clinical-and-behavioral-outcomes-in-urban-african-americans-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-trial
#10
Stephanie L Fitzpatrick, Sherita Hill Golden, Kerry Stewart, June Sutherland, Sharie DeGross, Tina Brown, Nae-Yuh Wang, Jerilyn Allen, Lisa A Cooper, Felicia Hill-Briggs
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of three delivery modalities of Decision-making Education for Choices In Diabetes Everyday (DECIDE), a nine-module, literacy-adapted diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) education and problem-solving training, compared with an enhanced usual care (UC), on clinical and behavioral outcomes among urban African Americans with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Eligible participants (n = 182) had a suboptimal CVD risk factor profile (A1C, blood pressure, and/or lipids)...
December 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861516/the-mcme-project-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-sms-based-continuing-medical-education-intervention-for-improving-medical-knowledge-among-vietnamese-community-based-physicians-assistants
#11
Christopher J Gill, Bao Le Ngoc, Nafisa Halim, Ha Nguyen Viet, Anna Larson Williams, Tan Nguyen Van, Marion McNabb, Lien Tran Thi Ngoc, Ariel Falconer, Hai An Phan Ha, Julia Rohr, Hai Hoang, James Michiel, Tam Nguyen Thi Thanh, Liat Bird, Hoang Pham Vu, Mahlet Yeshitla, Nhu Ha Van, Lora Sabin
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) provide critical services to underserved populations in low and middle-income countries, but maintaining CHW's clinical knowledge through formal continuing medical education (CME) activities is challenging and rarely occurs. We tested whether a Short Message Service (SMS)-based mobile CME (mCME) intervention could improve medical knowledge among a cadre of Vietnamese CHWs (Community Based Physician's Assistants-CBPAs) who are the leading providers of primary medical care for rural underserved populations...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846082/organizational-readiness-for-nurse-residency-accreditation
#12
Renee Franquiz, Charlotte Seckman
Professional development nurses assume a principal role in establishing a state of readiness for accreditation of an organization's nurse residency program. This quality improvement project engaged a professional development department in self-study of their nurse residency program to determine readiness for accreditation by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education. The outcomes demonstrate a favorable state of organizational readiness, with minor program gaps in 19/45 accreditation criteria, requiring corrective action to optimize readiness for success...
November 2016: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820761/effect-of-intensity-and-program-delivery-on-the-translation-of-diabetes-prevention-program-to-worksites-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-fuel-your-life
#13
Mark G Wilson, David M DeJoy, Robert J Vandenberg, Phaedra Corso, Heather Padilla, Heather Zuercher
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Fuel Your Life program, an adaptation of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), utilizing implementation strategies commonly used in worksite programs-telephone coaching, small group coaching, and self-study. METHODS: The primary outcomes of body mass index and weight were examined in a randomized control trial conducted with city/county employees. RESULTS: Although the majority of participants in all three groups lost some weight, the phone group lost significantly more weight (4...
November 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820760/a-prospective-programmatic-cost-analysis-of-fuel-your-life-a-worksite-translation-of-dpp
#14
Justin B Ingels, Rebecca L Walcott, Mark G Wilson, Phaedra S Corso, Heather M Padilla, Heather Zuercher, David M DeJoy, Robert J Vandenberg
OBJECTIVE: An accounting of the resources necessary for implementation of efficacious programs is important for economic evaluations and dissemination. METHODS: A programmatic costs analysis was conducted prospectively in conjunction with an efficacy trial of Fuel Your Life (FYL), a worksite translation of the Diabetes Prevention Program. FYL was implemented through three different modalities, Group, Phone, and Self-study, using a micro-costing approach from both the employer and societal perspectives...
November 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798818/an-evaluation-of-outcomes-following-the-replacement-of-traditional-histology-laboratories-with-self-study-modules
#15
Andrew R Thompson, D J Lowrie
Changes in medical school curricula often require educators to develop teaching strategies that decrease contact hours while maintaining effective pedagogical methods. When faced with this challenge, faculty at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine converted the majority of in-person histology laboratory sessions to self-study modules that utilize multiple audiovisual modalities and a virtual microscope platform. Outcomes related to this shift were investigated through performance on in-house examinations, results of the United States Medical Licensing Examination(®) (USMLE(®) ) Step 1 Examination, and student feedback...
October 31, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764018/preparing-residents-effectively-in-emergency-skills-training-with-a-serious-game
#16
Mary E W Dankbaar, Maartje Bakhuys Roozeboom, Esther A P B Oprins, Frans Rutten, Jeroen J G van Merrienboer, Jan L C M van Saase, Stephanie C E Schuit
INTRODUCTION: Training emergency care skills is critical for patient safety but cost intensive. Serious games have been proposed as an engaging self-directed learning tool for complex skills. The objective of this study was to compare the cognitive skills and motivation of medical residents who only used a course manual as preparation for classroom training on emergency care with residents who used an additional serious game. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study with residents preparing for a rotation in the emergency department...
October 19, 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754796/resident-learning-across-the-full-range-of-core-competencies-through-a-transitions-of-care-curriculum
#17
Juliessa M Pavon, Sandro O Pinheiro, Gwendolen T Buhr
OBJECTIVE: We developed a Transitions of Care (TOC) curriculum to teach and measure learner competence in performing TOC tasks for older adults. DESIGN: Internal medicine interns at an academic residency program received the curriculum, which consisted of experiential learning, self-study, and small group discussion. Interns completed retrospective pre/post surveys rating their confidence in performing five TOC tasks, qualitative open-ended survey questions, and a self-reflection essay...
October 18, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727138/impact-of-an-interactive-vascular-surgery-web-based-educational-curriculum-on-surgical-trainee-knowledge-and-interest
#18
Mohamed A Zayed, Emily A Lilo, Jason T Lee
OBJECTIVE: The surgical council on resident education developed an online competency-based self-study curriculum for general surgery residency trainees. Vascular surgery trainees are yet to have a similarly validated and readily accessible self-study curriculum. We sought to determine the effect of an interactive online vascular surgery curriculum on trainee knowledge and interest in vascular surgery. METHODS: Over 15 months, 53 trainees (36 medical students and 16 surgical residents) performing a vascular surgery rotation were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, 2-cohort study...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718149/the-topology-prediction-of-membrane-proteins-a-web-based-tutorial
#19
Cagin Kandemir-Cavas, Levent Cavas, Hakan Alyuruk
There is a great need for development of educational materials on the transfer of current bioinformatics knowledge to undergraduate students in bioscience departments. In this study, it is aimed to prepare an example in silico laboratory tutorial on the topology prediction of membrane proteins by bioinformatics tools. This laboratory tutorial is prepared for biochemistry lessons at bioscience departments (biology, chemistry, biochemistry, molecular biology and genetics, and faculty of medicine). The tutorial is intended for students who have not taken a bioinformatics course yet or already have taken a course as an introduction to bioinformatics...
October 7, 2016: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618172/-emergency-doctor-training-for-psychiatric-emergencies-evaluation-of-an-interactive-training-program
#20
Peter Flüchter, Vincent Müller, Felix Bischof, Frank-Gerald Bernhard Pajonk
Aim: Emergency physicians are often confronted with psychiatric emergencies, but are not well trained for it and often feel unable to cope sufficiently with them. The aim of this investigation was to examine whether multisensoric training may improve learning effects in the training of emergency physicians with regard to psychiatric emergencies. Method: Participation in a multi-modal, multi-media training program with video case histories and subsequent evaluation by questionnaire. Results: 66 emergency physicians assessed their learning effects...
September 12, 2016: Psychiatrische Praxis
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