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Mary E W Dankbaar, Maartje Bakhuys Roozeboom, Esther A P B Oprins, Frans Rutten, Jeroen J G van Merrienboer, Jan L C M van Saase, Stephanie C E Schuit
INTRODUCTION: Training emergency care skills is critical for patient safety but cost intensive. Serious games have been proposed as an engaging self-directed learning tool for complex skills. The objective of this study was to compare the cognitive skills and motivation of medical residents who only used a course manual as preparation for classroom training on emergency care with residents who used an additional serious game. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study with residents preparing for a rotation in the emergency department...
October 19, 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Juliessa M Pavon, Sandro O Pinheiro, Gwendolen T Buhr
OBJECTIVE: We developed a Transitions of Care (TOC) curriculum to teach and measure learner competence in performing TOC tasks for older adults. DESIGN: Internal medicine interns at an academic residency program received the curriculum, which consisted of experiential learning, self-study, and small group discussion. Interns completed retrospective pre/post surveys rating their confidence in performing five TOC tasks, qualitative open-ended survey questions, and a self-reflection essay...
October 18, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Mohamed A Zayed, Emily A Lilo, Jason T Lee
OBJECTIVE: The surgical council on resident education developed an online competency-based self-study curriculum for general surgery residency trainees. Vascular surgery trainees are yet to have a similarly validated and readily accessible self-study curriculum. We sought to determine the effect of an interactive online vascular surgery curriculum on trainee knowledge and interest in vascular surgery. METHODS: Over 15 months, 53 trainees (36 medical students and 16 surgical residents) performing a vascular surgery rotation were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, 2-cohort study...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Cagin Kandemir-Cavas, Levent Cavas, Hakan Alyuruk
There is a great need for development of educational materials on the transfer of current bioinformatics knowledge to undergraduate students in bioscience departments. In this study, it is aimed to prepare an example in silico laboratory tutorial on the topology prediction of membrane proteins by bioinformatics tools. This laboratory tutorial is prepared for biochemistry lessons at bioscience departments (biology, chemistry, biochemistry, molecular biology and genetics, and faculty of medicine). The tutorial is intended for students who have not taken a bioinformatics course yet or already have taken a course as an introduction to bioinformatics...
October 7, 2016: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
Peter Flüchter, Vincent Müller, Felix Bischof, Frank-Gerald Bernhard Pajonk
Aim: Emergency physicians are often confronted with psychiatric emergencies, but are not well trained for it and often feel unable to cope sufficiently with them. The aim of this investigation was to examine whether multisensoric training may improve learning effects in the training of emergency physicians with regard to psychiatric emergencies. Method: Participation in a multi-modal, multi-media training program with video case histories and subsequent evaluation by questionnaire. Results: 66 emergency physicians assessed their learning effects...
September 12, 2016: Psychiatrische Praxis
Ivan C Christov, Hari S Viswanathan
This theme issue covers topics at the forefront of scientific research on energy and the subsurface, ranging from carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration to the recovery of unconventional shale oil and gas resources through hydraulic fracturing. As such, the goal of this theme issue is to have an impact on the scientific community, broadly, by providing a self-contained collection of articles contributing to and reviewing the state-of-the-art of the field. This collection of articles could be used, for example, to set the next generation of research directions, while also being useful as a self-study guide for those interested in entering the field...
October 13, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Daniela Vogel, Sigrid Harendza
OBJECTIVE: Practical skills are an essential part of physicians' daily routine. Nevertheless, medical graduates' performance of basic skills is often below the expected level. This review aims to identify and summarize teaching approaches of basic practical skills in undergraduate medical education which provide evidence with respect to effective students' learning of these skills. METHODS: Basic practical skills were defined as basic physical examination skills, routine skills which get better with practice, and skills which are also performed by nurses...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
S Zundel, G Blumenstock, A Herrmann-Werner, M Trueck, A Schmidt, S Wiechers
BACKGROUND: Undescended testis in boys is common. Guidelines recommend surgical treatment between the ages of 6 months and 2 years; nevertheless, orchidopexy is frequently performed at later ages. One reason is the belated diagnosis due to a perceived difficulty in the physical examination (PE) and correct localization of the testis. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to find an effective method for teaching the physical examination of the testis in a child. STUDY DESIGN: An interdisciplinary team developed teaching sessions, including an educational video and a simulator...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Teeraporn Chonsilapawit, Suang Rungpragayphan
OBJECTIVE: Because hospital pharmacists have to deal with large amounts of health information and advanced information technology in practice, they must possess adequate skills and knowledge of informatics to operate efficiently. However, most current pharmacy curricula in Thailand barely address the principles and skills concerned with informatics, and Thai pharmacists usually acquire computer literacy and informatics skills through personal-interest training and self-study. In this study, we aimed to assess the skills and knowledge of informatics and the training needs of hospital pharmacists in Thailand, in order to improve curricular and professional development...
October 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Cory T Walsh, Louis C Grandizio, Joel C Klena, John M Parenti, Gerard J Cush
BACKGROUND: The foot and ankle (FA) content domain is a component of the orthopaedic in-training examination (OITE). Levels of evidence (LoE) have been infrequently studied on the OITE. The purpose of this study is to determine if LoE for primary journal articles referenced for FA questions increased over a 15-year period. We also aim to determine if reference characteristics and question taxonomy have changed during this period. METHODS: All 132 questions and 261 references in the FA content domain from 1995 to 1997 and from 2010 to 2012 were included...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Zachary E Brewer, William David Ogden, James I Fann, Thomas A Burdon, Ahmad Y Sheikh
Several modern learning frameworks (eg, cognitive apprenticeship, anchored instruction, and situated cognition) posit the utility of nontraditional methods for effective experiential learning. Thus, development of novel educational tools emphasizing the cognitive framework of operative sequences may be of benefit to surgical trainees. We propose the development and global deployment of an effective, mobile cognitive cardiac surgical simulator. In methods, 16 preclinical medical students were assessed. Overall, 4 separate surgical modules (sternotomy, cannulation, decannulation, and sternal closure) were created utilizing the Touch Surgery (London, UK) platform...
2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Tonya Rutherford-Hemming, Nichole C Kelsey, Deanna L Grenig, Michelle Feliciano, Leslie Simko, Christina M Henrich
INTRODUCTION: Obstetric (OB) nurses must be proficient in performing a basic neurologic examination to assess and detect changes in a patients' neurologic status. This study aimed to compare knowledge and skill acquisition for a basic neurologic examination between OB nurses who participated in simulation and those who participated in an online self-study module. Short- and long-term knowledge retention and skill transfer between groups were evaluated. METHODS: Nurses were randomized to either simulation or online self-study module and assessed by direct observation and completion of a standardized instrument by the observer at 3 time points: baseline (time 1), within 7 days of baseline in the clinical setting (time 2), and at 2 months (time 3) using a validated12-item Neurologic Knowledge Assessment and a 14-item performance skill checklist...
August 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Jeremy Robert Girmann, Brandie Girmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Arne Peine, Klaus Kabino, Cord Spreckelsen
BACKGROUND: Modernised medical curricula in Germany (so called "reformed study programs") rely increasingly on alternative self-instructed learning forms such as e-learning and curriculum-guided self-study. However, there is a lack of evidence that these methods can outperform conventional teaching methods such as lectures and seminars. This study was conducted in order to compare extant traditional teaching methods with new instruction forms in terms of learning effect and student satisfaction...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Ali Al-Hussaini, Alun Tomkinson
Undergraduate otolaryngology exposure is limited. It may be consolidated by the use of an iBook as a self-study tool. Following invitation to participate by email, five focus groups were formed, each consisting of six medical students (18 female, 12 male, median age 23 years). The focus group transcripts were imported to the qualitative data analysis software NVivo (QSR International, UK). The iBook was found to have a clear and consistent presentation, and a focused and user-friendly style, with reasonable interactivity and a good range of well-integrated media elements...
January 2016: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
Ulf Nyman, Olle Ekberg, Peter Aspelin
The Swedish radiologist Torsten Almén is the first clinical radiologist ever to have made a fundamental contribution to intravascular contrast medium design, the development of non-ionic contrast media. He became emotionally triggered by the patients' severe pain each time he injected the ionic "high-osmolar" contrast media when performing peripheral arteriographies in the early 1960s. One day he got a flash of genius that combined the observation of pain, a pathophysiological theory and how to eliminate it with suitable contrast media chemistry...
September 2016: Acta Radiologica
Garry Laverty, Lezley-Anne Hanna, Sharon Haughey, Carmel Hughes
Objective. To create, implement, and evaluate a workshop that teaches undergraduate pharmacy students about entrepreneurship. Design. Workshops with 3 hours of contact time and 2 hours of self-study time were developed for final-year students. Faculty members and students evaluated peer assessment, peer development, communication, critical evaluation, creative thinking, problem solving, and numeracy skills, as well as topic understanding. Student evaluation of the workshops was done primarily via a self-administered, 9-item questionnaire...
September 25, 2015: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Rupal Shah, Matthew Sibbald, Nasir Jaffer, Linda Probyn, Rodrigo B Cavalcanti
CONTEXT: Chest radiograph interpretation is a complex skill and learners may benefit from deliberate instructional design modalities, such as mixed practice. Proposed benefits of mixed over blocked practice include the elimination of cueing and the highlighting of contrasting features. However, current evidence for the superiority of mixed practice is conflicting. OBJECTIVES: This study compares mixed versus blocked practice, after the initial teaching of concepts, among medical students using online self-study chest X-ray (CXR) modules...
May 2016: Medical Education
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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