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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058332/learning-support-interventions-for-year-1-medical-students-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Masego B Kebaetse, Maikutlo Kebaetse, Gaonyadiwe G Mokone, Oathokwa Nkomazana, Mpho Mogodi, John Wright, Rosemary Falama, Elizabeth Park
CONTEXT: The journey through medical school can be challenging, especially for undergraduate medical students who must deal with a demanding curriculum, coupled with the demands of transitioning into adulthood. Despite experiencing learning challenges, most students succeed with appropriate learning support. Many medical schools offer learning support programmes, particularly in the latter years, but it has been suggested that such support could be more beneficial, especially during the initial years...
October 23, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978520/comparative-effectiveness-of-a-mnemonic-use-approach-vs-self-study-to-interpret-a-lateral-chest-x-ray
#2
Michael Thompson, Dallin Johansen, Russell Stoner, Allison Jarstad, Robert Sorrells, Michele L McCarroll, Wade Justice
The chest X-ray is the most commonly performed medical imaging study; however, the lateral chest film intimidates many physicians and medical students. The lateral view is more difficult to interpret than the frontal view but provides important information that is either not visible or not as evident on frontal view, and inability to read it may lead to missed diagnoses and more expensive imaging. The objective of this study was to assess a novel mnemonic-based approach to teaching medical students to proficiently read a lateral film using a prospective pilot study...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961257/educational-value-of-pocket-sized-ultrasound-devices-to-improve-understanding-of-ultrasound-examination-principles-and-sonographic-anatomy-for-medical-student
#3
Eun Young Kim, Kwi Hwa Park, Seung Joon Choi, Wook-Jin Chung
PURPOSE: Medical students must understand the principles of ultrasonography (US), because US examinations are an important component of patient care in clinical practice. Pocket-sized ultrasound devices have the benefits of accessibility and ease of use. The primary objective of the present study was to evaluate the educational value of these devices in terms of improving medical student interest and understanding of US and sonographic anatomy. METHODS: We added a US training program comprised of a self-study learning module and a hands-on training session to a two-week block curriculum of medical imaging for first year medical students (n = 40)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937517/effects-of-a-short-video-based-resident-as-teacher-training-toolkit-on-resident-teaching
#4
Hope A Ricciotti, Taylor S Freret, Ashley Aluko, Bri Anne McKeon, Miriam J Haviland, Lori R Newman
OBJECTIVE: To pilot a short video-based resident-as-teacher training toolkit and assess its effect on resident teaching skills in clinical settings. METHODS: A video-based resident-as-teacher training toolkit was previously developed by educational experts at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School. Residents were recruited from two academic hospitals, watched two videos from the toolkit ("Clinical Teaching Skills" and "Effective Clinical Supervision"), and completed an accompanying self-study guide...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865903/the-perfect-storm-is-on-the-horizon
#5
Dawn Fountain, Chi Quach, Darlene Norton, SuAnn White, Susan Ratliff, Kim Molteg, Donna Heyduk, Jessica Roof, Lillian Badurina
PURPOSE: Provide analysis of data identifying the impending mass turnover of Directors and Coordinators of General Surgery residency programs and the potential effect on successful continuing accreditation including the ACGME Next Accreditation System (NAS) and associated self study. METHODS: The Association of Residency Coordinators in Surgery, Executive Committee (ARCS EC) anonymously surveyed 254 general surgery Program Coordinators in September/October 2016...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818162/impact-of-a-social-media-group-page-on-undergraduate-medical-physiology-learning
#6
Tania Ahmed Shakoori, Usman Mahboob, Janet Strivens, Ian Willis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of associating classroom learning of medical physiology with a Facebook group page in an all-women medical college of a conservative small city in Pakistan. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative interpretivist study using semi-structured interviews. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Women Medical College Abbottabad, Pakistan, from March to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Aclosed Facebook study group was established at a local medical college in Pakistan...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815260/-improving-the-teaching-quality-by-multiple-tools-and-technology-in-oral-histopathology-experimental-course
#7
Zhen Tian, Li-Zhen Wang, Yu-Hua Hu, Chun-Ye Zhang, Jiang Li
PURPOSES: Oral histopathology is a course which needs to be combined with theory and practice closely. Experimental course plays an important role in teaching oral histopathology. Here, we aim to explore a series of effective measures to improve the teaching quality of experimental course and tried to train observation, thinking, analysis and problem solving skills of dental students. METHODS: We re-edited and updated the experimental textbook "guidelines of experimental course of oral histopathology", and published the reference book for experimental course--"color pocket atlas of oral histopathology: experiment and diadactic teaching"...
April 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728037/including-the-online-feedback-site-patient-opinion-in-the-nursing-curriculum-exploratory-study
#8
Ray Jones, Kim Young, James Munro, Heather Miller, Stephanie Brelsford, Jennie Aronsson, Benny Goodman, Jane Peters
BACKGROUND: Globally, universities aim to involve people who use health services to enrich the nursing curriculum for students, but there can be barriers to this involvement. Many also want students to contribute to local communities. Online communication can help connect students to service users to achieve these aims. The online British patient feedback site, Patient Opinion, gathers comments from service users about services and encourages service responses to the comments. OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and acceptability of five ways of including Patient Opinion in the undergraduate nursing curriculum...
October 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726479/motivational-interviewing-and-the-clinical-science-of-carl-rogers
#9
William R Miller, Theresa B Moyers
The clinical method of motivational interviewing (MI) evolved from the person-centered approach of Carl Rogers, maintaining his pioneering commitment to the scientific study of therapeutic processes and outcomes. The development of MI pertains to all 3 of the 125th anniversary themes explored in this special issue. Applications of MI have spread far beyond clinical psychology into fields including health care, rehabilitation, public health, social work, dentistry, corrections, coaching, and education, directly impacting the lives of many people...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721115/online-nutrition-and-t2dm-continuing-medical-education-course-launched-on-state-level-medical-association
#10
Kristen K Hicks, Peter S Murano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research study was to determine whether a 1-hour online continuing medical education (CME) course focused on nutrition for type 2 diabetes would result in a gain in nutrition knowledge by practicing physicians. METHODS: A practicing physician and dietitian collaborated to develop an online CME course (both webinar and self-study versions) on type 2 diabetes. This 1-hour accredited course was launched through the state-level medical association's education library, available to all physicians...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699307/new-surgical-instruction-method-for-homium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate-hand-grab-navigated-technique-to-shorten-the-learning-curve-the-results-of-multicenter-analysis
#11
Dong Gil Shin, Hyeon Woo Kim, Sung Woo Park, Chang Soo Park, Seong Choi, Tae Hee Oh, Dong Hwan Lee, Chang Yell Lee, Jung Man Kim, Jeong Zoo Lee
OBJECTIVES: To introduce a new surgical mentorship, the "hand-grab navigated technique," to shorten the learning curve for Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate. METHODS: Patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia were managed at six institutions with Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate. An analysis was done in the 200 of these patients (the set of first 20 patients treated with Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate by 10 surgeons) who were sorted into two groups depending on the surgeon's instructional group...
July 11, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655802/benefits-and-limitations-of-text-messages-to-stimulate-higher-learning-among-community-providers-participants-views-of-an-mhealth-intervention-to-support-continuing-medical-education-in-vietnam
#12
Lora L Sabin, Anna Larson Williams, Bao Ngoc Le, Augusta R Herman, Ha Viet Nguyen, Rebecca R Albanese, Wenjun Xiong, Hezekiah Oa Shobiye, Nafisa Halim, Lien Thi Ngoc Tran, Marion McNabb, Hai Hoang, Ariel Falconer, Tam Thi Thanh Nguyen, Christopher J Gill
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 2015 to evaluate a mobile continuing medical education (mCME) intervention that provided daily text messages to community-based physicians' assistants (CBPAs) in Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam. Although the intervention failed to improve medical knowledge over a 6-month period, a companion qualitative study provided insights on the views and experiences of intervention participants. METHODS: We conducted focus group discussions (FGDs) and in-depth interviews (IDIs) among participants randomized to receive text messages containing either simple medical facts or quiz questions...
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628720/cost-effective-teaching-of-radiology-with-preclinical-anatomy
#13
James S Wilson, Jacqueline Alvarez, Bonnie C Davis, Andre J Duerinckx
Graduating physicians in all subspecialties have an increased need for competency in radiology, particularly since the use of diagnostic imaging continues to grow. To integrate the teaching of radiology with anatomy during the first year of medical school at Howard University, a novel approach was developed to overcome the limitations of resources including funding, faculty, and curricular time. The resulting program relies on self-study and peer-to-peer interactions to develop proficiency at manipulating free versions of medical image viewer software (using the DICOM standard), identifying normal anatomy in medical images, and applying critical thinking skills to understand common clinical conditions...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595503/histology-in-3d-development-of-an-online-interactive-student-resource-on-epithelium
#14
Anna Sieben, Richard Oparka, Caroline Erolin
Epithelium is an important and highly specialised tissue type that makes up the lining of inner and outer surfaces of the human body. It is proposed that a self-study tool adds to efficient learning and lecturing on this complicated topic in medical curricula. This paper describes the development and evaluation of an online interactive 3D resource on epithelium for undergraduate medical students. A first evaluation was carried out by means of an online survey (n = 37). The resource was evaluated positively on the website in general, its visual contents and its value and potential for the medical curriculum...
April 2017: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595475/a-novel-ent-ibook-what-do-junior-doctors-think
#15
Ali Al-Hussaini, Alun Tomkinson
Exposure to the specialty of Otolaryngology is limited. It may be consolidated by the use of an iBook as a self-study tool. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the perceptions of junior doctors on the clinical relevance of this novel educational resource. Three focus groups were formed each consisting of five junior doctors (eight female: seven male, median age 27 years). The iBook was found to be clinically relevant to the work of junior doctors, have a clear layout, with adequate interactivity and a good range of integrated multimedia elements...
April 2017: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541067/vocational-rehabilitation-for-veterans-with-felony-histories-and-mental-illness-12-month-outcomes
#16
James P LePage, Avery A Lewis, April M Crawford, Edward L Washington, Julie A Parish-Johnson, Daisha J Cipher, Ledjona D Bradshaw
Lack of employment is an important barrier to successful reintegration encountered by those released from prison with mental illnesses and/or substance use disorders. This study compares 3 different vocational reintegration modalities for a veteran population: (a) basic services; (b) self-study using the About Face Vocational Manual; and (c) the About Face Vocational Program, a standardized group program focused on the About Face Vocational Manual. One-hundred eleven veterans with a history of at least one felony conviction and a mental illness and/or substance use disorder were recruited from a large urban Veterans Affairs (VA) medical center...
May 25, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539065/cartoon-versus-traditional-self-study-handouts-for-medical-students-cartoon-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Detajin Junhasavasdikul, Kanokporn Sukhato, Suthan Srisangkaew, Nawanan Theera-Ampornpunt, Thunyarat Anothaisintawee, Alan Dellow
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of a "cartoon-style" handout with a "traditional-style" handout in a self-study assignment for preclinical medical students. METHODS: Third-year medical students (n = 93) at the Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, took a pre-learning assessment of their knowledge of intercostal chest drainage. They were then randomly allocated to receive either a "cartoon-style" or a "traditional-style" handout on the same topic...
May 24, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529195/rapid-web-based-platform-for-assessment-of-orthopedic-surgery-patient-care-milestones-a-2-year-validation
#18
Kenneth R Gundle, Dayne T Mickelson, Arien Cherones, Jason Black, Doug P Hanel
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity, feasibility, and responsiveness of a new web-based platform for rapid milestone-based evaluations of orthopedic surgery residents. SETTING: Single academic medical center, including a trauma center and pediatrics tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty residents (PG1-5) in an orthopedic residency program and their faculty evaluators. METHODS: Residents and faculty were trained and supported in the use of a novel trainee-initiated web-based evaluation system...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480469/toward-an-information-infrastructure-for-global-health-improvement
#19
C P Friedman, J C Rubin, K J Sullivan
Profound global challenges to individual and population health, alongside the opportunities to benefit from digital technology, have spawned the concept of the Learning Health System. Learning Health Systems (LHSs)--which can function at organizational, network, regional, and national levels of scale--have the capability of continuous data-driven self-study that promotes change and improvement. The LHS concept, which originated in the U.S. in 2007, is rapidly gaining attention around the world. LHSs require, but also transcend, the secondary use of health data...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474589/use-of-snapps-model-for-pediatric-outpatient-education
#20
Anju Kapoor, Anil Kapoor, Ashish Kalraiya, Sheela Longia
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the educational effectiveness of SNAPPS model with traditional method in developing reasoning skills of Pediatric residents in Out-patient department. METHODS: 40 case presentations with 4 residents (20 each with traditional and SNAPPS methods) were audiotaped and compared with respect to making differentials, reasoning for analyzing differentials, raising uncertainties by probing preceptor, and selecting case-related issues for self study...
April 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
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