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Sateesh B Arja, Sireesha B Arja, Raghavendrarao M Venkata, Abraham Nayakanti, Praveen Kottathveetil, Yogesh Acharya
INTRODUCTION: This study is aimed at explaining the change process followed for the implementation of the new curriculum at Avalon University School of Medicine and its evaluation. BACKGROUND: Self-evaluation at Avalon University School of Medicine identified the need for a change in the curriculum. The main reasons for the change are isolated disciplines and overcrowded curriculum leading to less self-study time for students. The new curriculum is aimed to have an integrated curriculum and to avoid redundancies...
March 13, 2018: Medical Teacher
Christopher J Gill, Ngoc Bao Le, Nafisa Halim, Cao Thi Hue Chi, Viet Ha Nguyen, Rachael Bonawitz, Pham Vu Hoang, Hoang Long Nguyen, Phan Thi Thu Huong, Anna Larson Williams, Ngoc Anh Le, Lora Sabin
Background: Continuing medical education (CME) is indispensable, but costs are a barrier. We tested the effectiveness of a novel mHealth intervention (mCME V.2.0) promoting CME among Vietnamese HIV clinicians. Methods: We enrolled HIV clinicians from three provinces near Hanoi. The 6-month intervention consisted of (1) daily short message service multiple-choice quiz questions, (2) daily linked readings, (3) links to online CME courses and (4) feedback messages describing the performance of the participant relative to the group...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Jaekyu Shin, Daryush Tabatabai, Christy Boscardin, Marcus Ferrone, Tina Brock
Objective. To demonstrate the feasibility of integrating the computer simulation, MyDispense, into a therapeutics course and to measure its effects on student perception and learning. Methods. We conducted a prospective study with an experimental phase and an implementation phase. In the first phase, students were randomized to complete a therapeutics case using MyDispense or traditional paper methods in class. In the second phase, all students completed two therapeutic cases using MyDispense in class with the option to complete four additional outside-of-class cases using MyDispense...
February 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Elizabeth Kouzmitcheva, Stephanie A Grover, Tara Berenbaum, Asim Ali, Adelle Atkinson, E Ann Yeh
BACKGROUND: Medical school and residency training in ophthalmoscopic evaluation is limited, reducing diagnostic accuracy. We sought to evaluate the efficacy of self-study using an ophthalmoscopy simulator to improve the technical motor skills involved in direct funduscopy in postgraduate pediatric residents. METHODS: In this randomized-controlled study, 17 pediatric residents (postgraduate years 1-3) were randomized to control (n=8) or intervention (n=9) groups...
February 19, 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
Patricia A Sharpe, Sara Wilcox, Deborah Kinnard, Margaret D Condrasky
Community health advisors (CHAs) have been widely involved in health promotion, but few details on role expectations, retention, and evaluation have been reported. In a dissemination and implementation (D&I) study of an evidence-based healthy eating and physical activity program, 59 churches were randomized to an intervention (n = 39) or control (delayed intervention) (n = 20) condition. In a novel approach, CHAs worked with church committees rather than congregants by providing training (n = 59) and technical assistance (n = 54) to the committees to implement a program focused on structural and policy-level changes to support congregants' behavioral changes...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Paul J Dougherty, Elizabeth Ames
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Jueun Lee, Haejung Lee
PURPOSE: To identify the effects of a smart program for the patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (SP-PCI) on coronary disease-related knowledge, health behaviors, and quality of life. METHODS: A nonequivalent control group with a non-synchronized design was utilized and 48 participants (experimental=22, control=26) were recruited from a university hospital in Gyeongsang area from May to December, 2016. The 12-week SP-PCI consisted of self-study of health information using smart phone applications (1/week), walking exercise (>5/week) using smart band, feedback using Kakao talk (2/week), and telephone counseling (1/week)...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Aleksei V Balakhonov, Leonid P Churilov, Mikhail V Erman, Aleksandr N Shishkin, Lyudmila A Slepykh, Yuri I Stroev, Vladimir J Utekhin, Natalia Y Basantsova
The article is devoted to the role of research activity of the medical students in higher education of physicians. The teaching of physicians in classical universities and specialized medical schools is compared. The history of physicians' training in Russia in imperial, Soviet and post-Soviet periods is reviewed and compared to development of higher medical education in other countries. Article gives the the description of all failed attempts to establish a Medical Faculty within oldest classical university of Russia, crowned by history of last and successful attempt of its establishment...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Sandra Marquez Hall, Janet Lieto, Roy Martin
During a mandatory fourth-year core geriatric medicine rotation at our medical school, we discovered that our medical students were struggling with end-of-life (EOL) issues both personally and professionally. We implemented curriculum changes to assist them in developing emotional awareness about death and dying, and to help develop their ability to respond personally and professionally to patients and their families during EOL experiences.In our new curriculum, a seasoned ethicist at our university conducts 2 educational sessions addressing EOL issues...
2017: Permanente Journal
Sanghee Yeo, Bong Hyun Chang
PURPOSE: This study aims to identify how problem-based learning (PBL) has been implemented in Korean medical education, and how it is evaluated by each medical school. METHODS: For this study, a total of 40 medical schools in Korea were surveyed via e-mail. The survey tool was a questionnaire consisting of 22 questions which was developed independently by the researchers. RESULTS: Of the 40 medical schools, 35 schools were implementing PBL programs in their medical curriculum, while five were found not currently to be running the program...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
Katherine Montpetit-Tourangeau, Joseph-Omer Dyer, Anne Hudon, Monica Windsor, Bernard Charlin, Sílvia Mamede, Tamara van Gog
BACKGROUND: Health profession learners can foster clinical reasoning by studying worked examples presenting fully worked out solutions to a clinical problem. It is possible to improve the learning effect of these worked examples by combining them with other learning activities based on concept maps. This study investigated which combinaison of activities, worked examples study with concept map completion or worked examples study with concept map study, fosters more meaningful learning of intervention knowledge in physiotherapy students...
December 1, 2017: BMC Medical Education
Brandy Deffenbacher, Shannon Langner, Morteza Khodaee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A family medicine residency is a unique training environment where residents are exposed to care in multiple settings, across all ages. Procedures are an integral part of family medicine practice. Family medicine residency (FMR) programs are tasked with the job of teaching these skills at a level of intensity and frequency that allows a resident to achieve competency of such skills. In an environment that is limited by work hour restrictions, self-study teaching methods are one way to ensure all residents receive the fundamental knowledge of how to perform procedures...
November 2017: Family Medicine
Yasushi Matsuyama, Motoyuki Nakaya, Hitoaki Okazaki, Jimmie Leppink, Cees van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies support the notion that East Asian medical students do not possess sufficient self-regulation for postgraduate clinical training. However, some East Asian physicians who are employed in geographically isolated and educationally underserved rural settings can self-regulate their study during the early phase of their postgraduate career. To explore the contextual attributes that contribute to self-regulated learning (SRL), we examined the differences in self-regulation between learning as an undergraduate and in a rural context in East Asia...
November 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
Masego B Kebaetse, Maikutlo Kebaetse, Gaonyadiwe G Mokone, Oathokwa Nkomazana, Mpho Mogodi, John Wright, Rosemary Falama, Elizabeth Park
CONTEXT: The journey through medical school can be challenging, especially for undergraduate medical students who must deal with a demanding curriculum, coupled with the demands of transitioning into adulthood. Despite experiencing learning challenges, most students succeed with appropriate learning support. Many medical schools offer learning support programmes, particularly in the latter years, but it has been suggested that such support could be more beneficial, especially during the initial years...
October 23, 2017: Medical Education
Michael Thompson, Dallin Johansen, Russell Stoner, Allison Jarstad, Robert Sorrells, Michele L McCarroll, Wade Justice
The chest X-ray is the most commonly performed medical imaging study; however, the lateral chest film intimidates many physicians and medical students. The lateral view is more difficult to interpret than the frontal view but provides important information that is either not visible or not as evident on frontal view, and inability to read it may lead to missed diagnoses and more expensive imaging. The objective of this study was to assess a novel mnemonic-based approach to teaching medical students to proficiently read a lateral film using a prospective pilot study...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
Eun Young Kim, Kwi Hwa Park, Seung Joon Choi, Wook-Jin Chung
PURPOSE: Medical students must understand the principles of ultrasonography (US), because US examinations are an important component of patient care in clinical practice. Pocket-sized ultrasound devices have the benefits of accessibility and ease of use. The primary objective of the present study was to evaluate the educational value of these devices in terms of improving medical student interest and understanding of US and sonographic anatomy. METHODS: We added a US training program comprised of a self-study learning module and a hands-on training session to a two-week block curriculum of medical imaging for first year medical students (n = 40)...
2017: PloS One
Hope A Ricciotti, Taylor S Freret, Ashley Aluko, Bri Anne McKeon, Miriam J Haviland, Lori R Newman
OBJECTIVE: To pilot a short video-based resident-as-teacher training toolkit and assess its effect on resident teaching skills in clinical settings. METHODS: A video-based resident-as-teacher training toolkit was previously developed by educational experts at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School. Residents were recruited from two academic hospitals, watched two videos from the toolkit ("Clinical Teaching Skills" and "Effective Clinical Supervision"), and completed an accompanying self-study guide...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Dawn Fountain, Chi Quach, Darlene Norton, SuAnn White, Susan Ratliff, Kim Molteg, Donna Heyduk, Jessica Roof, Lillian Badurina
PURPOSE: Provide analysis of data identifying the impending mass turnover of Directors and Coordinators of General Surgery residency programs and the potential effect on successful continuing accreditation including the ACGME Next Accreditation System (NAS) and associated self study. METHODS: The Association of Residency Coordinators in Surgery, Executive Committee (ARCS EC) anonymously surveyed 254 general surgery Program Coordinators in September/October 2016...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
Tania Ahmed Shakoori, Usman Mahboob, Janet Strivens, Ian Willis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of associating classroom learning of medical physiology with a Facebook group page in an all-women medical college of a conservative small city in Pakistan. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative interpretivist study using semi-structured interviews. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Women Medical College Abbottabad, Pakistan, from March to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Aclosed Facebook study group was established at a local medical college in Pakistan...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Zhen Tian, Li-Zhen Wang, Yu-Hua Hu, Chun-Ye Zhang, Jiang Li
PURPOSES: Oral histopathology is a course which needs to be combined with theory and practice closely. Experimental course plays an important role in teaching oral histopathology. Here, we aim to explore a series of effective measures to improve the teaching quality of experimental course and tried to train observation, thinking, analysis and problem solving skills of dental students. METHODS: We re-edited and updated the experimental textbook "guidelines of experimental course of oral histopathology", and published the reference book for experimental course--"color pocket atlas of oral histopathology: experiment and diadactic teaching"...
April 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
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