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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812223/prognostic-potential-of-klotho-and-sfrp1-promoter-methylation-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Abeer A Alsofyani, Rawiah A Alsiary, Alaa Samkari, Baraa T Alhaj-Hussain, Jalaluddin Azam Khan, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Aisha Elaimi, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani, Adel M Abuzenadah, Ashraf Dallol
Hypermethylation in the CpG island promoter regions of tumor suppressors is known to play a significant role in the development of HNSCC and the detection of which can aid the classification and prognosis of HNSCC. This study aims to profile the methylation patterns in a panel of key genes including CDKN2A, CDKN2B, KLOTHO (KL), RASSF1A, RARB, SLIT2, and SFRP1, in a group of HNSCC samples from Saudi Arabia. The extent of methylation in these genes is determined using the MethyLight assay and correlated with known clinicopathological parameters in our samples of 156 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded HNSCC tissues...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808056/the-crystal-structure-of-full-length-sizzled-from-xenopus-laevis-yields-insights-into-wnt-antagonistic-function-of-secreted-frizzled-related-proteins
#2
Qixin Bu, Zhiqiang Li, Junying Zhang, Fei Xu, Jianmei Liu, Heli Liu
The Wnt signaling pathway is crucial to cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. The secreted frizzled-related proteins (sFRPs) represent the largest family of secreted Wnt inhibitors. However, their function in antagonizing Wnt signaling has remained somewhat controversial. Here we report the crystal structure of Sizzled from Xenopus laevis, the first full-length structure of an sFRP. Tethered by an inter-domain disulfide bond and a linker, the N-terminal CRD domain and the C-terminal NTR domain of Sizzled are arranged in a tandem fashion, with the NTR domain occluding the groove of CRD for Wnt accessibility...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803494/prognostic-dna-methylation-markers-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review
#3
Sophie C Joosten, Ivette Ag Deckers, Maureen J Aarts, Ann Hoeben, Joep G van Roermund, Kim M Smits, Veerle Melotte, Manon van Engeland, Vivianne C Tjan-Heijnen
AIM: Despite numerous published prognostic methylation markers for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), none of these have yet changed patient management. Our aim is to systematically review and evaluate the literature on prognostic DNA methylation markers for RCC. MATERIALS & METHODS: We conducted an exhaustive search of PubMed, EMBASE and MEDLINE up to April 2017 and identified 49 publications. Studies were reviewed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement, assessed for their reporting quality using the Reporting Recommendations for Tumor Marker Prognostic Studies (REMARK) criteria, and were graded to determine the level of evidence (LOE) for each biomarker...
August 14, 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790854/hypermethylation-of-secreted-frizzled-related-proteins-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-non-m3-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#4
Hong Guo, Ting-Juan Zhang, Xiang-Mei Wen, Jing-Dong Zhou, Ji-Chun Ma, Cui An, Wei Zhang, Zi-Jun Xu, Jiang Lin, Jun Qian
OBJECTIVE: Secreted frizzled-related proteins (SFRPs) as Wnt signaling antagonists have been found to be dysregulated by promoter hypermethylation in several cancers including acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This study aimed to investigate the methylated status of SFRPs promoter region and its clinical relevance in Chinese non-M3 AML patients. METHODS: SFRPs methylation in 139 primary non-M3 AML patients was determined using methylation-specific real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772260/microrna-27a-promotes-the-proliferation-and-invasiveness-of-colon-cancer-cells-by-targeting-sfrp1-through-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#5
Sang Ba, Yi Xuan, Zi-Wen Long, Hai-Yong Chen, Shu-Sen Zheng
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the effects of microRNA-27a (miR-27a) on the proliferation and invasiveness of colon cancer cells through the Secreted Frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1) and the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. METHODS: Colon cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues from 125 colon cancer patients, together with the HCEpic, HCT-116, HT-29, SW480 and SW620 cell lines, were prepared for this study. The transfected HCT-116 cells were divided into the miR-27a mimics, miR-27a-NC, anti-miR-27a, blank, Lv-SFRP1, Lv-NC, and miR-27a mimics + Lv-SFRP1 groups...
August 3, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753106/colorectal-adenoma-and-cancer-detection-based-on-altered-methylation-pattern-of-sfrp1-sfrp2-sdc2-and-prima1-in-plasma-samples
#6
Barbara Kinga Barták, Alexandra Kalmár, Bálint Péterfia, Árpád V Patai, Orsolya Galamb, Gábor Valcz, Sándor Spisák, Barnabás Wichmann, Zsófia Brigitta Nagy, Kinga Tóth, Zsolt Tulassay, Péter Igaz, Béla Molnár
Aberrant methylation is one of the most frequent epigenetic alterations that can contribute to tumor formation. Cell-free DNA can originate from tumor tissue; therefore, the evaluation of methylation markers in cell-free DNA can be a promising method for cancer screening. Our aim was to develop a panel of biomarkers with altered methylation along colorectal adenoma-carcinoma sequence in both colonic tissue and plasma. The methylation of selected CpG sites in healthy colonic (n = 15), adenoma (n = 15), and colorectal cancer (n = 15) tissues was analyzed by pyrosequencing...
July 28, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738713/negative-regulators-of-wnt-signaling-pathway-sfrp1-and-sfrp3-expression-in-preterm-and-term-pathologic-placentas
#7
Jasenka Zmijanac Partl, Valentina Karin, Anita Skrtic, Tamara Nikuseva-Martic, Alan Serman, Jelena Mlinarec, Mirna Curkovic-Perica, Semir Vranic, Ljiljana Serman
OBJECTIVE: Since Wnt signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in the placental development, we explored the expression of its negative regulators, SFRP1 and SFRP3 proteins in placentas from pathological pregnancies and compared their levels with those in healthy placentas. METHODS: Placentas (n = 79) were stained for SFRP1, and SFRP3 proteins by immunohistochemistry and their expression levels were quantified by stereological variable of volume density (Vv, mm(°))...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708837/extracellular-inhibitors-can-attenuate-tumorigenic-wnt-pathway-activity-in-adenomatous-polyposis-coli-mutants-predictions-of-a-validated-mathematical-model
#8
Gili Hochman, Karin Halevi-Tobias, Yuri Kogan, Zvia Agur
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable investigational efforts, no method to overcome the pathogenesis caused by loss of function (LoF) mutations in tumor suppressor genes has been successfully translated to the clinic. The most frequent LoF mutation in human cancers is Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), causing aberrant activation of the Wnt pathway. In nearly all colon cancer tumors, the APC protein is truncated, but still retains partial binding abilities. OBJECTIVE & METHODS: Here, we tested the hypothesis that extracellular inhibitors of the Wnt pathway, although acting upstream of the APC mutation, can restore normal levels of pathway activity in colon cancer cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687085/regulation-of-early-growth-response-2-expression-by-secreted-frizzled-related-protein-1
#9
Kelly J Gregory, Stephanie M Morin, Sallie S Schneider
BACKGROUND: Secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1) expression is down-regulated in a multitude of cancers, including breast cancer. Loss of Sfrp1 also exacerbates weight gain as well as inflammation. Additionally, loss of SFRP1 enhances TGF-β signaling and the downstream MAPK pathway. TGF-β has been shown to increase the expression of Early Growth Response 2 (EGR2), a transcription factor implicated in immune function in a wide variety of cell types. The work described here was initiated to determine whether SFRP1 modulation affects TGF-β mediated EGR2 expression in mammary tissues as well as macrophage polarization...
July 7, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645312/phf21b-overexpression-promotes-cancer-stem-cell-like-traits-in-prostate-cancer-cells-by-activating-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#10
Qiji Li, Liping Ye, Wei Guo, Min Wang, Shuai Huang, Xinsheng Peng
BACKGROUND: PHF21B is newly identified to be involved in the tumor progression; however, its biological role and molecular mechanism in prostate cancer have not been defined. This study is aimed to study the role of PHF21B in the progression of prostate cancer. METHODS: Real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry and western blotting analysis were used to determine PHF21B expression in prostate cancer cell lines and clinical specimens. The role of PHF21B in maintaining prostate cancer stem cell-like phenotype was examined by tumor-sphere formation assay and expression levels of stem cell markers...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643146/helicobacter-pylori-induced-modulation-of-the-promoter-methylation-of-wnt-antagonist-genes-in-gastric-carcinogenesis
#11
Hyo-Joon Yang, Sang Gyun Kim, Joo Hyun Lim, Ji Min Choi, Woo Ho Kim, Hyun Chae Jung
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the changes in the promoter methylation and gene expression of multiple Wnt antagonists between the chronic infection and eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in gastric carcinogenesis. METHODS: The levels of methylation and corresponding mRNA expression of seven Wnt antagonist genes (SFRP1, -2, -5, DKK1, -2, -3, WIF1) were compared among the patients with H. pylori-positive gastric cancers (GCs), and H. pylori-positive and H...
June 22, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605875/mir-1254-promotes-lung-cancer-cell-proliferation-by-targeting-sfrp1
#12
Hong Li, Tian Yang, Dong Shang, Zhongmin Sun
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide, many miRNAs play critical role in lung cancer initiation and progression. Here, we demonstrated that miR-1254 was upregulated in lung cancer tissues and cells. miR-1254 overexpression promoted lung cancer cell proliferation determined by MTT assay, colony formation assay, soft agar growth ability assay and BrdU incorporation assay, miR-1254 knockdown suppressed lung cancer cell proliferation. Mechanism analysis revealed that Wnt/β-catenin pathway antagonist secreted frizzled related protein 1 (SFRP1) was its target, its expression was opposite to SFRP1 level, and directly bound to the 3'UTR of SFRP1...
August 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598125/-association-of-gene-polymorphisms-in-wnt-signal-pathway-with-tuberculosis-in-chinese-tibetan-population
#13
Wen-Jing Zhou, Xue-Jiao Hu, Jing-Ya Zhang, Yi Zhou, Li-Juan Wu, Min-Jin Wang, Nian Wang, Xiao-Jun Lu, Bin-Wu Ying
OBJECTIVES: To determine the correlation between gene polymorphisms in Wnt signal pathway and susceptibility of Chinese Tibetan people to tuberculosis. METHODS: A total of 488 active tuberculosis patients and 454 healthy subjects(control) were enrolled in this case-control study.Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Wnt signal pathway (rs4135385 in CTNNB1 gene,rs11001553 in DKK1 gene,rs56900803 in WIF1 gene,rs7832767 in SFRP1 gene and rs11079571 in AXIN2 gene) were genotyped using MassARRAY method...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598118/-the-evaluation-value-of-methylation-status-of-cpg-island-of-sfrp1-and-line1-gene-promoter-area-in-the-prognosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Yuan Huang, Ling Wei, Ai-Min Sun, Rong-Ce Zhao, Jing Zhang, Han-Teng Yang, Bo Li, Cheng-Jun Sun, Xue-Qin Ding, Bo Gao, Yan-Qin Zhong, Yang Qin
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between aberrant promoter CpG islands methylation status of secreted frizzled related protein 1 (SFRP1) and long intersper sed nuclear element 1 (LINE1) gene and clinicopathologic parameters to determine their prognosis value for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: 105 cases of HCC and 50 cases of normal people plasma were collected,and then the promoter hypermethylation status of SFRP1 and hypormethylation status of LINE1 were examined by methylation specific PCR (MSP); The relationship between SFRP1/LINE1 methylation status and patients' clinicopathologic factors was analyzed;The association between SFRP1/LINE1 methylation status and disease-free survival and overall survival was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier curves,the log-rank test,and multivariate Cox regression...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565807/arsenic-trioxide-increases-expression-of-secreted-frizzled-related-protein-1-gene-and-inhibits-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway-in-jurkat-cells
#15
Yan Wang, Zunsong Wang, Hong Li, Wenwei Xu, Lin Dong, Yan Guo, Saran Feng, Kehong Bi, Chuansheng Zhu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the demethylation effect of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on the secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1) gene and its ability to inhibit the Wingless-type MMTV integration site family (WNT) pathway in Jurkat cells. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction was used to examine the CpG island methylation status of the SFRP1 gene in leukemia cell lines. In addition, the effects on Jurkat cells of treatment with different concentrations of As2O3 for 48 h were investigated...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545308/secreted-frizzled-related-protein-1-sfrp1-gene-methylation-changes-in-the-human-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells-treated-with-l-securinine
#16
Xi Yang, Shu-Wen Han, Hui Liu, Ling Zhu, Yu-Xin Chen, Zhao-Ning Ji
Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. It is important to explore the biomarkers of diagnosis and prognosis in lung cancer. To evaluate the cytotoxicity of L-securinine and the expression and methylation of secreted frizzled-related proteins (SFRPs) genes in the human lung adenocarcinoma cells, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to assess the proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma cells treated with L-securinine. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and bisulfite sequencing PCR were used to detect the expression and the DNA methylation of SFRPs genes, respectively...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540987/lack-of-aberrant-methylation-in-an-adjacent-area-of-left-sided-colorectal-cancer
#17
Otgontuya Sambuudash, Hyun Soo Kim, Mee Yon Cho
PURPOSE: The molecular nature and the rate-limiting step of epigenetic field defects in the evolution of left-sided colorectal cancer (LCA) remain uncertain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methylation status of 27 candidate field defect markers, six classic CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) markers, and LINE-1 were determined in LCA and adjacent normal mucosas (ADJs) from 33 LCA patients and in left normal colorectal mucosa (LNM) from 33 age- and sex-matched controls...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533824/analysis-of-the-dna-methylation-level-of-cancer-related-genes-in-colorectal-cancer-and-the-surrounding-normal-mucosa
#18
Tamotsu Sugai, Masakazu Yoshida, Makoto Eizuka, Noriyuki Uesugii, Wataru Habano, Kouki Otsuka, Akira Sasaki, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Takayuki Matsumoto, Hiromu Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Two molecular pathways promote the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). One is termed "microsatellite stable" (MSS) whereas the other is characterized by "microsatellite instability" (MSI or MIN). In addition, the CpG island methylation phenotype is known to be an important alteration as a third molecular type. Thus, DNA methylation is thought to provide potential biomarkers for assessment of cancer risk in normal mucosa. In addition, it is also known that colonic location is an important parameter in the development of CRC...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527622/genome-wide-copy-number-analysis-reveals-candidate-gene-loci-that-confer-susceptibility-to-high-grade-prostate-cancer
#19
Prevathe Poniah, Shamsul Mohd Zain, Azad Hassan Abdul Razack, Shanggar Kuppusamy, Shankar Karuppayah, Hooi Sian Eng, Zahurin Mohamed
BACKGROUND: Two key issues in prostate cancer (PCa) that demand attention currently are the need for a more precise and minimally invasive screening test owing to the inaccuracy of prostate-specific antigen and differential diagnosis to distinguish advanced vs. indolent cancers. This continues to pose a tremendous challenge in diagnosis and prognosis of PCa and could potentially lead to overdiagnosis and overtreatment complications. Copy number variations (CNVs) in the human genome have been linked to various carcinomas including PCa...
May 17, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510269/kallikrein-related-peptidase-4-induces-cancer-associated-fibroblast-features-in-prostate-derived-stromal-cells
#20
T Kryza, L M Silva, N Bock, R A Fuhrman-Luck, C R Stephens, J Gao, H Samaratunga, M G Lawrence, J D Hooper, Y Dong, G P Risbridger, J A Clements
The reciprocal communication between cancer cells and their microenvironment is critical in cancer progression. Although involvement of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) in cancer progression is long established, the molecular mechanisms leading to differentiation of CAFs from normal fibroblasts are poorly understood. Here, we report that kallikrein-related peptidase-4 (KLK4) promotes CAF differentiation. KLK4 is highly expressed in prostate epithelial cells of premalignant (prostatic intra-epithelial neoplasia) and malignant lesions compared to normal prostate epithelia, especially at the peri-stromal interface...
May 16, 2017: Molecular Oncology
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