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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215727/secreted-frizzled-related-protein-1-regulates-the-progression-of-neuropathic-pain-in-mice-following-spinal-nerve-ligation
#1
Jun Tang, Qing Ji, Li Jin, Mi Tian, Li Dong Zhang, Xiao Yu Liu
Previous studies have showed that the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays an important role in modulating neuropathic pain after sciatic nerve injury. In this study, we explored the role of secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1), a Wnt antagonist, in neuropathic pain using a rat model following spinal nerve ligation (SNL). We found SNL-induced SFRP1 downregulation in the spinal cord. Further, the overexpression of SFRP1 via spinal injection into the spinal cord attenuated SNL-induced allodynia, hyperalgesia and neuroinflammation...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212200/cell-free-dna-promoter-hypermethylation-in-plasma-as-a-predictive-marker-for-survival-of-patients-with-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#2
Stine Dam Henriksen, Poul Henning Madsen, Anders Christian Larsen, Martin Berg Johansen, Inge Søkilde Pedersen, Henrik Krarup, Ole Thorlacius-Ussing
Introduction: Few prognostic biomarkers are available for pancreatic cancer. The aim of this study is to examine the correlation between the survival of pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients and hypermethylated genes in plasma-derived cell-free DNA. Methods: Consecutive patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma were prospectively included and staged according to the TNM classification. Methylation-specific PCR of 28 genes was conducted. A survival prediction model independent of cancer stage and stage-specific survival prediction models were developed by multivariable Cox regression analysis using backward stepwise selection...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196093/sonic-hedgehog-regulates-the-pathfinding-of-descending-serotonergic-axons-in-hindbrain-in-collaboration-with-wnt5a-and-secreted-frizzled-related-protein-1
#3
Jie Xie, Teng Zhao, Yaobo Liu
Previous studies have demonstrated that both Wnt5a and Sonic hedgehog (Shh) are involved in regulating the pathfinding of descending serotonergic (5-HT, 5-hydroxytryptamine) axons in an opposite manner in the brainstem. Shh and Wnt signaling pathways interact to guide post-crossing commissural axons, where Shh acts as a repellent directly and shaping the Wnt gradient indirectly by regulating the gradient expression of the frizzled-related protein 1 (Sfrp1). Whether such a mechanism functions in descending 5-HT axon guidance remains unknown...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146058/methylation-associated-silencing-of-sfrp1-gene-in-high-grade-serous-ovarian-carcinomas
#4
Vedran Kardum, Valentina Karin, Mislav Glibo, Anita Skrtic, Tamara Nikuseva Martic, Nermina Ibisevic, Faruk Skenderi, Semir Vranic, Ljiljana Serman
Wnt is a highly conserved signaling pathway responsible for tissue regeneration, maintenance and differentiation of stem cells in adults. Its aberrant activation through reduced expression of Wnt signaling pathway inhibitors, such as proteins from the SFRP family, is commonly seen in many tumors. In the present study we explored SFRP1 protein expression using immunohistochemistry in 11 low-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (LGSC), 42 high-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSC), and 5 normal ovarian tissues (controls)...
December 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129759/dampening-of-the-bone-formation-response-following-repeat-dosing-with-sclerostin-antibody-in-mice-is-associated-with-up-regulation-of-wnt-antagonists
#5
Gill Holdsworth, Kevin Greenslade, Joby Jose, Zofia Stencel, Hishani Kirby, Adrian Moore, Hua Zhu Ke, Martyn K Robinson
Administration of antibodies to sclerostin (Scl-Ab) has been shown to increase bone mass, bone mineral density (BMD) and bone strength by increasing bone formation and decreasing bone resorption in both animal studies and human clinical trials. In these studies, the magnitude and rate of increase in bone formation markers is attenuated upon repeat dosing with Scl-Ab despite a continuous and progressive increase in BMD. Here, we investigated whether the attenuation in the bone formation response following repeated administration of Scl-Ab was associated with increased expression of secreted antagonists of Wnt signalling and determined how the circulating marker of bone formation, P1NP, responded to single, or multiple doses, of Scl-Ab four days post-dosing...
November 9, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128220/identification-of-potential-embryokines-in-the-bovine-reproductive-tract
#6
P Tríbulo, L G B Siqueira, L J Oliveira, T Scheffler, P J Hansen
Knowledge of the molecules used by the maternal reproductive tract to regulate development of the preimplantation embryo is largely incomplete. The goal of the present experiment was to identify candidates for this function. The approach was to assess expression patterns in the endometrium and oviduct of 93 genes encoding for hormones, growth factors, chemokines, cytokines, and WNT-related molecules. Results show that all of the genes were expressed in the reproductive tract. Expression in oviduct was affected by day of the estrous cycle for 21 genes with 11 genes having highest expression at estrus (CCL21, CTGF, CXCL10, CXCL16, DKK3, FGF10, IL18, IL33, IL34, PGF, and SFRP2), one gene at d 3 (WNT4), 8 at d 5 (BMP7, HGF, IL6, SFRP1, TGFB1, WIF1, WNT2, and WNT5A), and one at d 7 (IK)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984209/genome-wide-identification-of-key-modulators-of-gene-gene-interaction-networks-in-breast-cancer
#7
Yu-Chiao Chiu, Li-Ju Wang, Tzu-Hung Hsiao, Eric Y Chuang, Yidong Chen
BACKGROUND: With the advances in high-throughput gene profiling technologies, a large volume of gene interaction maps has been constructed. A higher-level layer of gene-gene interaction, namely modulate gene interaction, is composed of gene pairs of which interaction strengths are modulated by (i.e., dependent on) the expression level of a key modulator gene. Systematic investigations into the modulation by estrogen receptor (ER), the best-known modulator gene, have revealed the functional and prognostic significance in breast cancer...
October 3, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962550/a-transcriptome-based-protein-network-that-identifies-new-therapeutic-targets-in-colorectal-cancer
#8
Stéphanie Durand, Killian Trillet, Arnaud Uguen, Aude Saint-Pierre, Catherine Le Jossic-Corcos, Laurent Corcos
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer occurrence is increasing worldwide, making it the third most frequent cancer. Although many therapeutic options are available and quite efficient at the early stages, survival is strongly decreased when the disease has spread to other organs. The identification of molecular markers of colon cancer is likely to help understanding its course and, eventually, to uncover novel genes to be targeted by drugs. In this study, we compared gene expression in a set of 95 human colon cancer samples to that in 19 normal colon mucosae, focusing on 401 genes from 5 selected pathways (Apoptosis, Cancer, Cholesterol metabolism and lipoprotein signaling, Drug metabolism, Wnt/beta-catenin)...
September 30, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947991/plasma-protein-profiling-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-and-clinical-significance
#9
Zhi-Peng Guo, Hai-Tao Hou, Rui Jing, Zhen-Guo Song, Xiao-Cheng Liu, Guo-Wei He
This study was designed to identify the protein profiling in patients with triple vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing CABG, in order to detect CAD-related differential proteins in these patients. CABG patients with triple vessel disease with/without left main stenosis (n =160) were compared to normal coronary angiographic subjects (n =160). Plasma samples of 20 males and 20 females in each group were analyzed with iTRAQ technique. ELISA test was used to test the chosen proteins from iTRAQ results in plasma samples from a new cohort of the CABG group (n=120, male/femal=61/59) and control (n =120, male/female=60/60)...
September 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894084/tbx3-dependent-amplifying-stem-cell-progeny-drives-interfollicular-epidermal-expansion-during-pregnancy-and-regeneration
#10
Ryo Ichijo, Hiroki Kobayashi, Saori Yoneda, Yui Iizuka, Hirokazu Kubo, Shigeru Matsumura, Satsuki Kitano, Hitoshi Miyachi, Tetsuya Honda, Fumiko Toyoshima
The skin surface area varies flexibly in response to body shape changes. Skin homeostasis is maintained by stem cells residing in the basal layer of the interfollicular epidermis. However, how the interfollicular epidermal stem cells response to physiological body shape changes remains elusive. Here, we identify a highly proliferative interfollicular epidermal basal cell population in the rapidly expanding abdominal skin of pregnant mice. These cells express Tbx3 that is necessary for their propagation to drive skin expansion...
September 11, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837545/il-17a-inhibits-osteogenic-differentiation-of-bone-mesenchymal-stem-cells-via-wnt-signaling-pathway
#11
Zhenguo Wang, Ying Jia, Fu Du, Min Chen, Xiuhua Dong, Yan Chen, Wen Huang
BACKGROUND Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is not only an important modulator of inflammatory reactions, but also affects bone metabolism, which is involved in osteogenic differentiation of stem cells. However, the role and mechanism of IL-17A in osteogenic differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the role and mechanism of IL-17A in osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. MATERIAL AND METHODS The osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs was induced by osteoblast-induction medium with IL-17A or without IL-17A...
August 24, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812223/prognostic-potential-of-klotho-and-sfrp1-promoter-methylation-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#12
Abeer A Alsofyani, Rawiah A Alsiary, Alaa Samkari, Baraa T Alhaj-Hussain, Jalaluddin Azam Khan, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Aisha Elaimi, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani, Adel M Abuzenadah, Ashraf Dallol
Hypermethylation in the CpG island promoter regions of tumor suppressors is known to play a significant role in the development of HNSCC and the detection of which can aid the classification and prognosis of HNSCC. This study aims to profile the methylation patterns in a panel of key genes including CDKN2A, CDKN2B, KLOTHO (KL), RASSF1A, RARB, SLIT2, and SFRP1, in a group of HNSCC samples from Saudi Arabia. The extent of methylation in these genes is determined using the MethyLight assay and correlated with known clinicopathological parameters in our samples of 156 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded HNSCC tissues...
November 2017: Journal of Applied Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808056/the-crystal-structure-of-full-length-sizzled-from-xenopus-laevis-yields-insights-into-wnt-antagonistic-function-of-secreted-frizzled-related-proteins
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Qixin Bu, Zhiqiang Li, Junying Zhang, Fei Xu, Jianmei Liu, Heli Liu
The Wnt-signaling pathway is crucial to cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration. The secreted Frizzled-related proteins (sFRPs) represent the largest family of secreted Wnt inhibitors. However, their function in antagonizing Wnt signaling has remained somewhat controversial. Here, we report the crystal structure of Sizzled from Xenopus laevis, the first full-length structure of an sFRP. Tethered by an inter-domain disulfide bond and a linker, the N-terminal cysteine-rich domain (CRD) and the C-terminal netrin-like domain (NTR) of Sizzled are arranged in a tandem fashion, with the NTR domain occluding the groove of CRD for Wnt accessibility...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803494/prognostic-dna-methylation-markers-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review
#14
Sophie C Joosten, Ivette Ag Deckers, Maureen J Aarts, Ann Hoeben, Joep G van Roermund, Kim M Smits, Veerle Melotte, Manon van Engeland, Vivianne C Tjan-Heijnen
AIM: Despite numerous published prognostic methylation markers for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), none of these have yet changed patient management. Our aim is to systematically review and evaluate the literature on prognostic DNA methylation markers for RCC. MATERIALS & METHODS: We conducted an exhaustive search of PubMed, EMBASE and MEDLINE up to April 2017 and identified 49 publications. Studies were reviewed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement, assessed for their reporting quality using the Reporting Recommendations for Tumor Marker Prognostic Studies (REMARK) criteria, and were graded to determine the level of evidence (LOE) for each biomarker...
August 14, 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790854/hypermethylation-of-secreted-frizzled-related-proteins-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-non-m3-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#15
Hong Guo, Ting-Juan Zhang, Xiang-Mei Wen, Jing-Dong Zhou, Ji-Chun Ma, Cui An, Wei Zhang, Zi-Jun Xu, Jiang Lin, Jun Qian
OBJECTIVE: Secreted frizzled-related proteins (SFRPs) as Wnt signaling antagonists have been found to be dysregulated by promoter hypermethylation in several cancers including acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This study aimed to investigate the methylated status of SFRPs promoter region and its clinical relevance in Chinese non-M3 AML patients. METHODS: SFRPs methylation in 139 primary non-M3 AML patients was determined using methylation-specific real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772260/microrna-27a-promotes-the-proliferation-and-invasiveness-of-colon-cancer-cells-by-targeting-sfrp1-through-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#16
Sang Ba, Yi Xuan, Zi-Wen Long, Hai-Yong Chen, Shu-Sen Zheng
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the effects of microRNA-27a (miR-27a) on the proliferation and invasiveness of colon cancer cells through the Secreted Frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1) and the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. METHODS: Colon cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues from 125 colon cancer patients, together with the HCEpic, HCT-116, HT-29, SW480 and SW620 cell lines, were prepared for this study. The transfected HCT-116 cells were divided into the miR-27a mimics, miR-27a-NC, anti-miR-27a, blank, Lv-SFRP1, Lv-NC, and miR-27a mimics + Lv-SFRP1 groups...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753106/colorectal-adenoma-and-cancer-detection-based-on-altered-methylation-pattern-of-sfrp1-sfrp2-sdc2-and-prima1-in-plasma-samples
#17
Barbara Kinga Barták, Alexandra Kalmár, Bálint Péterfia, Árpád V Patai, Orsolya Galamb, Gábor Valcz, Sándor Spisák, Barnabás Wichmann, Zsófia Brigitta Nagy, Kinga Tóth, Zsolt Tulassay, Péter Igaz, Béla Molnár
Aberrant methylation is one of the most frequent epigenetic alterations that can contribute to tumor formation. Cell-free DNA can originate from tumor tissue; therefore, the evaluation of methylation markers in cell-free DNA can be a promising method for cancer screening. Our aim was to develop a panel of biomarkers with altered methylation along the colorectal adenoma-carcinoma sequence in both colonic tissue and plasma. Methylation of selected CpG sites in healthy colonic (n = 15), adenoma (n = 15), and colorectal cancer (n = 15) tissues was analyzed by pyrosequencing...
July 28, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738713/negative-regulators-of-wnt-signaling-pathway-sfrp1-and-sfrp3-expression-in-preterm-and-term-pathologic-placentas
#18
Jasenka Zmijanac Partl, Valentina Karin, Anita Skrtic, Tamara Nikuseva-Martic, Alan Serman, Jelena Mlinarec, Mirna Curkovic-Perica, Semir Vranic, Ljiljana Serman
OBJECTIVE: Since Wnt signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in the placental development, we explored the expression of its negative regulators, SFRP1 and SFRP3 proteins in placentas from pathological pregnancies and compared their levels with those in healthy placentas. METHODS: Placentas (n = 79) were stained for SFRP1, and SFRP3 proteins by immunohistochemistry and their expression levels were quantified by stereological variable of volume density (Vv, mm°)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708837/extracellular-inhibitors-can-attenuate-tumorigenic-wnt-pathway-activity-in-adenomatous-polyposis-coli-mutants-predictions-of-a-validated-mathematical-model
#19
Gili Hochman, Karin Halevi-Tobias, Yuri Kogan, Zvia Agur
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable investigational efforts, no method to overcome the pathogenesis caused by loss of function (LoF) mutations in tumor suppressor genes has been successfully translated to the clinic. The most frequent LoF mutation in human cancers is Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), causing aberrant activation of the Wnt pathway. In nearly all colon cancer tumors, the APC protein is truncated, but still retains partial binding abilities. OBJECTIVE & METHODS: Here, we tested the hypothesis that extracellular inhibitors of the Wnt pathway, although acting upstream of the APC mutation, can restore normal levels of pathway activity in colon cancer cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687085/regulation-of-early-growth-response-2-expression-by-secreted-frizzled-related-protein-1
#20
Kelly J Gregory, Stephanie M Morin, Sallie S Schneider
BACKGROUND: Secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1) expression is down-regulated in a multitude of cancers, including breast cancer. Loss of Sfrp1 also exacerbates weight gain as well as inflammation. Additionally, loss of SFRP1 enhances TGF-β signaling and the downstream MAPK pathway. TGF-β has been shown to increase the expression of Early Growth Response 2 (EGR2), a transcription factor implicated in immune function in a wide variety of cell types. The work described here was initiated to determine whether SFRP1 modulation affects TGF-β mediated EGR2 expression in mammary tissues as well as macrophage polarization...
July 7, 2017: BMC Cancer
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