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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926288/effect-of-inpatient-palliative-care-during-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-on-psychological-distress-6-months-after-transplant-results-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Areej El-Jawahri, Lara Traeger, Joseph A Greer, Harry VanDusen, Sarah R Fishman, Thomas W LeBlanc, William F Pirl, Vicki A Jackson, Jason Telles, Alison Rhodes, Zhigang Li, Thomas R Spitzer, Steven McAfee, Yi-Bin A Chen, Jennifer S Temel
Purpose Inpatient palliative care integrated with transplant care improves patients' quality of life (QOL) and symptom burden during hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (HCT). We assessed patients' mood, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and QOL 6 months post-transplant. Methods We randomly assigned 160 patients with hematologic malignancies who underwent autologous or allogeneic HCT to inpatient palliative care integrated with transplant care (n = 81) or transplant care alone (n = 79). At baseline and 6 months post-transplant, we assessed mood, PTSD symptoms, and QOL with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Patient Health Questionnaire, PTSD checklist, and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924683/cancer-survivorship-in-adults
#2
Cecilie E Kiserud, Alv A Dahl, Sophie D Fosså
With the favorable trend regarding survival of cancer in the Western world, there is an increasing focus among patients, clinicians, researchers, and politicians regarding cancer survivors' health and well-being. The number of survivors grows rapidly, and more than 3% of the adult populations in Western countries have survived cancer for 5 years or more. Cancer survivors are at increased risk for a variety of late effects after treatment, some life-threatening such as secondary cancer and cardiac diseases, while others mainly have negative impact on daily functioning and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924013/reward-related-ventral-striatum-activity-buffers-against-the-experience-of-depressive-symptoms-associated-with-sleep-disturbances
#3
Reut Avinun, Adam Nevo, Annchen R Knodt, Maxwell L Elliott, Spenser R Radtke, Bartholomew D Brigidi, Ahmad R Hariri
Sleep disturbances represent one risk factor for depression. Reward-related brain function, particularly the activity of the ventral striatum (VS), has been identified as a potential buffer against stress-related depression. We were therefore interested in testing whether reward-related VS activity would moderate the effect of sleep disturbances on depression in a large cohort of young adults. Data were available from 1129 university students (mean age 19.71 ± 1.25 years; 637 women) who completed a reward-related functional MRI task to assay VS activity and provided self-reports of sleep using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and symptoms of depression using a summation of the General Distress/Depression (GDD) and Anhedonic Depression (AD) subscales of the Mood and Anxiety Symptoms Questionnaire-short form...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919766/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-somatic-symptom-disorders-in-later-life-a-prospective-comparative-explorative-pilot-study-in-two-clinical-populations
#4
Michelle Jh Verdurmen, Arjan C Videler, Astrid M Kamperman, David Khasho, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with somatic symptom disorder (SSD) put a great burden on the health care delivery system. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective in adults with SSD. However, no studies have been conducted yet into CBT for SSD in later life. OBJECTIVES: We explored the feasibility of CBT for SSD in the elderly. METHODS: This is a prospective pilot study comparing two outpatient specialty mental health settings for adults (<60 years; n=13) and for elderly patients (≥60 years; n=9) with SSD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919128/pregabalin-for-anxiety-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#5
Ole Schjerning, Per Damkier, Signe Engelhardt Lykkegaard, Klaus Damgaard Jakobsen, Jimmi Nielsen
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety is frequent in patients with schizophrenia and poses a major impact on patients perceived quality of life, daily functioning and risk of suicide. Pregabalin has shown effective in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder and has been suggested for the treatment of anxiety in patients with schizophrenia. As evidence is sparse regarding treatment of anxiety in this patient group, we aimed to investigate the use of pregabalin for anxiety in patients with schizophrenia...
September 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918268/a-structural-mri-study-of-excoriation-skin-picking-disorder-and-its-relationship-to-clinical-severity
#6
Michael D Harries, Samuel R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Brian L Odlaug, Austin W Blum, Jon E Grant
Excoriation (skin-picking) disorder (SPD) shares symptomology with other obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. Few studies, however, have examined the neurological profile of patients with SPD. This study examined differences in cortical thickness and basal ganglia structural volumes between 20 individuals with SPD and 16 healthy controls using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). There were no significant differences in demographic variables (age, gender, education and race) between groups. All subjects completed a structural MRI scan and completed a battery of clinical assessments focusing on SPD symptom severity, depression and anxiety symptoms, and quality of life...
September 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917376/ayurvedic-versus-conventional-dietary-and-lifestyle-counseling-for-mothers-with-burnout-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-including-a-qualitative-evaluation
#7
Christian S Kessler, Clemens Eisenmann, Frank Oberzaucher, Martin Forster, Nico Steckhan, Larissa Meier, Elmar Stapelfeldt, Andreas Michalsen, Michael Jeitler
OBJECTIVES: Ayurveda claims to be effective in the treatment of psychosomatic disorders by means of lifestyle and nutritional counseling. DESIGN: In a randomized controlled study mothers with burnout were randomized into two groups: Ayurvedic nutritional counseling (according to tradition), and conventional nutritional counseling (following the recommendations of a family doctor). Patients received five counseling sessions over twelve weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes included levels of burnout, quality of life, sleep, stress, depression/anxiety, and spirituality at three and six months...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914859/-depression-anxiety-and-stress-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#8
F I Belialov
The analytical paper summarized the results of recent studies of an association of depression, anxiety, and stress with coronary heart disease (CHD). Mental disorders are shown to be associated with increased risk of CHD and to worsen the course of coronary disease. Antidepressants and psychotherapy improve the control of mental disorders, quality of life, and, in some cases, have a positive impact on the course of coronary disease.
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905985/it-is-time-for-routine-screening-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-settings
#9
Eynav Elgavish Accortt, Melissa S Wong
Importance: Women are 2 to 3 times more likely than men to experience depression in their lifetime, and the greatest risk occurs during the reproductive years. As an obstetrics and gynecology physician or provider, you will likely encounter women who are at risk of development or relapse of a mental disorder during this vulnerable time. Objective: The aim of this review is to examine theory and research on mood and anxiety disorders during the perinatal period with an emphasis on screening recommendations...
September 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895999/-quality-of-life-and-associated-characteristics-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-the-adult-population-of-burgos-spain
#10
M T Barroso-Perez, E Cubo, J Cordero-Guevara, E Poza-Maure, L Checa-Diez
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder with a prevalence of up to 15%, although little is known about its impact upon quality of life. AIM: To analyse the impact of RLS on health-related quality of life. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study. A random sample of 1,275 subjects over 18 years old, stratified by age, was taken from the urban area of Burgos, with an estimated prevalence, 10%; alpha, 5%; accuracy, 3%; and losses, 70%, using a two-phase study (screening and diagnosis of cases of RLS and non-cases confirmed by a doctor)...
September 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895787/internet-based-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-psychological-distress-experienced-by-people-with-hearing-problems-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Peter Molander, Hugo Hesser, Sandra Weineland, Kajsa Bergwall, Sonia Buck, Johan Jäder Malmlöf, Henning Lantz, Thomas Lunner, Gerhard Andersson
Psychological distress is common among people with hearing problems, but treatments that specifically target this aspect have been almost non-existent. In this pilot randomized controlled trial, an eight-week long Internet-based treatment, informed by Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, was administered to explore the feasibility and efficacy of such a treatment. Included participants were randomized to either treatment (n = 31) or wait-list control (n = 30) condition. All participants were measured prior to randomization and immediately after treatment ended using standardized self-report instruments measuring hearing-related emotional and social adjustment (Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - S, HHIE-S), quality of life (Quality of Life Inventory, QOLI), and symptoms of depression and anxiety (Patient health Questionnaire, PHQ-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale, GAD-7)...
September 12, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895619/symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-professional-rugby-an-international-observational-descriptive-study
#12
Vincent Gouttebarge, Phil Hopley, Gino Kerkhoffs, Evert Verhagen, Wayne Viljoen, Paul Wylleman, Mike I Lambert
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders among professional rugby players across countries. A cross-sectional analysis of the baseline questionnaires from an ongoing prospective cohort study was conducted. Nine national players' associations and three rugby unions distributed questionnaires based on validated scales for assessing symptoms of common mental disorders. Among the whole study sample (N=990; overall response rate of 28%), prevalence (4-week) of symptoms of common mental disorders ranged from 15% for adverse alcohol use to 30% for anxiety/depression...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890837/why-it-is-not-always-anxiety-a-tough-diagnosis-of-stiff-person-syndrome
#13
Carmen Elena Cervantes, Hsien Lee Lau, Tina Ataian Binazir, Keith O O'Brien, Jonathan S Cross
Anxiety disorder is a commonly used diagnosis that may mask underlying conditions. Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare neuroimmunological disorder characterized by progressive rigidity and painful muscle spasms affecting axial and lower extremity musculature. These episodes can be triggered by sudden movement, noise, or emotional stress, which may present as a psychiatric condition. We report the case of a 30-year-old female who presented with recurrent panic attacks with multiple prior hospital admissions for anxiety, rigidity, and difficulty in walking...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890228/actor-partner-interdependence-analysis-in-depressed-patient-caregiver-dyads-influence-of-emotional-intelligence-and-coping-strategies-on-anxiety-and-depression
#14
Serres Marguerite, Boyer Laurent, Alessandrini Marine, Leroy Tanguy, Baumstarck Karine, Auquier Pascal, Zendjidjian Xavier
OBJECTIVE: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of suffering for both patients and their natural caregivers. A preliminary study highlights the association of emotional intelligence (EI) and coping strategies with quality of life. However, there is a lack of studies concerning dyadic (i.e., patient and natural caregiver) characteristics' impact on anxious and depressive symptoms. In a sample of MDD patients-caregivers dyads, we explored the influence of EI and coping strategies on anxious and depressive symptoms using the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM)...
August 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889215/brief-report-postsecondary-work-and-educational-disruptions-for-youth-on-the-autism-spectrum
#15
Julie Lounds Taylor, Leann Smith DaWalt
This study examined vocational/educational disruption in the 2-3 years after high school for 36 youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Data were collected three times from parents: during youth's last year of high school and two times after high school exit. Data were coded into categories indicating any versus no disruptions in postsecondary vocation/education, and group differences in individual (behavior problems, IQ, adaptive behavior, autism severity, stress reactivity) and family (parent depression, anxiety, quality of life; family income and climate) factors were examined...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883770/frequency-of-depression-and-its-correlation-with-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-oral-cavity-cancer
#16
Senada Dzebo, Jasmina Mahmutovic, Hasiba Erkocevic, Faris Foco
INTRODUCTION: the effects of malignant tumors of oral cavity may be reflected through mental, physical, social and emotional well-being and quality of life of patients. Those suffering from malignancies show a large degree of psychological problems (fear, anxiety, depression, panic disorders, phobias) both at the time of diagnosis and during the treatment. AIM: to determine a level of depression in patients with oral cavity cancer and to link quality of life and level of depression of patients with oral cavity cancer...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882351/psychological-profile-of-children-who-require-repetitive-surgical-procedures-for-early-onset-scoliosis-is-a-poorer-quality-of-life-the-cost-of-a-straighter-spine
#17
Cihan Aslan, Z Deniz Olgun, Erkan Sabri Ertas, Seniz Ozusta, Gokhan Demirkiran, Fatih Unal, Muharrem Yazici
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: Assess the psychosocial status of children with early-onset scoliosis (EOS) undergoing multiple procedures and evaluate associations with other variables. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: EOS may require repetitive surgical procedures to control deformity and preserve growth. These procedures impact patients' psychosocial status because of the repetitive surgeries. METHODS: EOS patients 6-18 years, undergoing traditional growing rod treatment with more than 5 surgical procedures, and neurologically/mentally intact were included...
September 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877841/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-health-anxiety-in-medical-patients-champ-a-randomised-controlled-trial-with-outcomes-to-5-years
#18
Peter Tyrer, Paul Salkovskis, Helen Tyrer, Duolao Wang, Michael J Crawford, Simon Dupont, Sylvia Cooper, John Green, David Murphy, Georgina Smith, Sharandeep Bhogal, Shaeda Nourmand, Valentina Lazarevic, Gemma Loebenberg, Rachel Evered, Stephanie Kings, Antoinette McNulty, Yvonne Lisseman-Stones, Sharon McAllister, Kofi Kramo, Jessica Nagar, Steven Reid, Rahil Sanatinia, Katherine Whittamore, Gemma Walker, Aaron Philip, Hilary Warwick, Sarah Byford, Barbara Barrett
BACKGROUND: Health anxiety is an under-recognised but frequent cause of distress that is potentially treatable, but there are few studies in secondary care. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a modified form of cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) for health anxiety (CBT-HA) compared with standard care in medical outpatients. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Five general hospitals in London, Middlesex and Nottinghamshire...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871314/-psychotherapy-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#19
REVIEW
A Linnemann, A Fellgiebel
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence for psychotherapy (PT) in elderly patients, it is not standard care in patients with mild cognitive impairment and dementia. Although neuropsychiatric symptoms are frequent in these patients, there is a lack of studies investigating the importance and efficiency of PT. OBJECTIVE: Can patients with mild cognitive impairment and dementia benefit from PT? If so, which modifications of therapeutic strategies are necessary for treating elderly patients with mild cognitive impairments? MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation of empirical evidence on the efficiency of PT for patients with mild cognitive impairment and dementia...
September 4, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871021/effectiveness-of-two-psychological-interventions-for-pain-management-emotional-regulation-and-promotion-of-quality-of-life-among-adult-portuguese-men-with-haemophilia-psy-haemopeq-study-protocol-for-a-single-centre-prospective-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Patrícia Ribeiro Pinto, Ana Cristina Paredes, Patrício Costa, Manuela Carvalho, Manuela Lopes, Susana Fernandes, Susana Pedras, Armando Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Haemophilia is a bleeding disorder associated with significant pain, emotional distress, quality of life (QoL) impairment and considerable healthcare costs. Psychosocial health and effective pain management are considered essential end points for optimal haemophilia care, but there is a significant gap in evidence-based treatments targeting these outcomes in people with haemophilia (PWH). Psychological interventions are cost-effective in promoting emotional well-being, QoL and pain control, although these have been scarcely used in haemophilia field...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
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