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quality of life in anxiety disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777473/interoceptive-accuracy-in-youth-with-tic-disorders-exploring-links-with-premonitory-urge-anxiety-and-quality-of-life
#1
Victoria Pile, Jennifer Y F Lau, Marta Topor, Tammy Hedderly, Sally Robinson
Aberrant interoceptive accuracy could contribute to the co-occurrence of anxiety and premonitory urge in chronic tic disorders (CTD). If it can be manipulated through intervention, it would offer a transdiagnostic treatment target for tics and anxiety. Interoceptive accuracy was first assessed consistent with previous protocols and then re-assessed following an instruction attempting to experimentally enhance awareness. The CTD group demonstrated lower interoceptive accuracy than controls but, importantly, this group difference was no longer significant following instruction...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777460/a-tale-of-two-countries-comparing-disability-weights-for-gambling-problems-in-new-zealand-and-australia
#2
Vijay Rawat, Matthew Browne, Maria Bellringer, Nancy Greer, Komathi Kolandai-Matchett, Matthew Rockloff, Erika Langham, Christine Hanley, Katie Palmer Du Preez, Max Abbott
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the impact of gambling problems on quality of life. Specifically, we generated disability weight estimates for gambling problems in New Zealand, and compared these results with (i) Australian figures (J Gambl Issues, 10.4309/jgi.v0i36.3978, 2017) and (ii) other health states (Lancet, 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61680-8, 2013); such as anxiety and alcohol use disorders. METHOD: The 324 participants (48 experts and 276 general population members) evaluated a series of gambling harm vignettes...
May 17, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775851/comparative-study-of-quality-of-life-anxiety-depression-and-fatigue-among-patients-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-and-multiple-sclerosis-the-first-report-from-iran
#3
Mahdi Barzegar, Shervin Badihian, Omid Mirmosayyeb, Fereshteh Ashtari, Maryam Jamadi, Shohreh Emami, Leila Jahani, Armaghan Safavi, Vahid Shaygannejad
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and multiple sclerosis (MS) are associated with reduced Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL). To the best of our knowledge, change of HRQOL in patients with NMOSD has not been yet measure in Iran. The objective of this study was to assess HRQOL in NMOSD and MS patients and identify related factors METHODS: A cross sectional study of 41 patients with NMOSD and 136 age and sex-match MS patients was performed. A series of questionnaires including Persian validated questionnaires on HRQOL (SF-36), fatigue (MFIS), depression (BDI-II), anxiety (HAM-A) and sleep quality (PSQI) were record...
April 14, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773954/pain-catastrophizing-is-associated-with-poorer-health-related-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease
#4
Nitya Bakshi, Ines Lukombo, Inna Belfer, Lakshmanan Krishnamurti
Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited disorder of the red blood cells and is associated with chronic multisystem involvement. While SCD has been associated with poorer health-related quality of life (HRQoL), there is a paucity of data on the relationship of psychological covariates other than anxiety and depression and quality of life (QoL) in children with SCD. Materials and methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of psychological factors, HRQoL, and pain-related outcomes in participants with SCD and race-matched controls as part of a larger study of experimental pain phenotyping...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768265/disease-burden-psychological-well-being-and-attitudes-regarding-the-set-of-emergency-medication-in-adults-with-insect-venom-allergy
#5
Marthe-Lisa Schaarschmidt, Mandy Gutknecht, Lisa Schoeben, Astrid Schmieder
BACKGROUND: Insect venom allergy is common and greatly impairs patients' quality of life. Additionally, low compliance with carrying emergency medication is reported. The aim of our study was to analyze the disease burden, levels of anxiety and depression, and to evaluate attitudes towards the set of emergency medication in affected patients. METHODS: Between April 2016 and January 2017, patients ≥18 years visiting our department because of an insect venom allergy were asked to complete a paper-based questionnaire...
May 16, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764331/psychological-impact-of-von-hippel-lindau-genetic-screening-in-patients-with-a-previous-history-of-hemangioblastoma-of-the-central-nervous-system
#6
Claire Rochette, Karine Baumstarck, Hélène Canoni-Zattara, Ahmad Esmaeel Abdullah, Dominique Figarella-Branger, Morgane Pertuit, Anne Barlier, Frédéric Castinetti, Karel Pacak, Philippe Metellus, David Taïeb
Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome is a hereditary cancer syndrome characterized by a high risk of developing benign and malignant tumors, including central nervous system hemangioblastomas (CNS HBs). For an early diagnosis of VHL, before the occurrence of cancers (especially renal cell carcinoma), it is of huge importance to initiate VHL genetic testing in at-risk patients. The aim of the study was to assess the psychological impact of VHL genetic testing in patients previously diagnosed with a CNS HB. From 1999 until 2015, 55 patients underwent surgery for CNS HBs...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764282/animal-assisted-therapy-in-elderly-patients-evidence-and-controversies-in-dementia-and-psychiatric-disorders-and-future-perspectives-in-other-neurological-diseases
#7
Silvio Peluso, Anna De Rosa, Natascia De Lucia, Antonella Antenora, Maddalena Illario, Marcello Esposito, Giuseppe De Michele
Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) includes a set of nonpharmacological interventions aimed at improving human health through the use of trained or untrained animals. In recent decades, AAT has been trialed for different neurological and psychiatric disorders. In patients with dementia, interaction with animals seems to have a positive influence on aggressiveness and anxiety and to ameliorate quality of life and relationship skills. In psychiatric patients, AAT seems to increase motivation and self-esteem, improve prosocial conduct, and decrease behavioral problems...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761479/antidepressants-for-insomnia-in-adults
#8
REVIEW
Hazel Everitt, David S Baldwin, Beth Stuart, Gosia Lipinska, Andrew Mayers, Andrea L Malizia, Christopher Cf Manson, Sue Wilson
BACKGROUND: Insomnia disorder is a subjective condition of unsatisfactory sleep (e.g. sleep onset, maintenance, early waking, impairment of daytime functioning). Insomnia disorder impairs quality of life and is associated with an increased risk of physical and mental health problems including anxiety, depression, drug and alcohol abuse, and increased health service use. hypnotic medications (e.g. benzodiazepines and 'Z' drugs) are licensed for sleep promotion, but can induce tolerance and dependence, although many people remain on long-term treatment...
May 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757454/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-treating-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Juan Va Franco, Tarek Turk, Jae Hung Jung, Yu-Tian Xiao, Stanislav Iakhno, Virginia Garrote, Valeria Vietto
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common disorder in which the two main clinical features are pelvic pain and lower urinary tract symptoms. There are currently many approaches for its management, using both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. The National Institute of Health - Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) score is a validated measure commonly used to measure CP/CPPS symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological therapies for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS)...
May 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750006/a-novel-integrated-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-and-medication-adherence-among-persons-living-with-hiv-aids
#11
Charles P Brandt, Daniel J Paulus, Monica Garza, Chad Lemaire, Peter J Norton, Michael J Zvolensky
Persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) are able to live full lifespans after infection, however, rates of anxiety disorders among this population are elevated compared to national samples. Importantly, these anxiety symptoms and disorders have a negative effect on medication adherence, quality of life and other psychological disorders, such as depression. In order to reduce the impact of anxiety among PLHIV, a six-session transdiagnostic CBT-based treatment manual for anxiety among PLHIV named the HIV/Anxiety Management-Reduction Treatment (HAMRT) was developed and implemented...
February 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746399/tourette-syndrome-clinical-spectrum-mechanisms-and-personalized-treatments
#12
Andreas Hartmann, Yulia Worbe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe recent advances regarding the disease spectrum in Tourette syndrome, offer new mechanistic insights into tic generation and provide clues for personalized treatments in this disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: Apart from tics, which define Tourette syndrome, comorbidities are the rule and not the exception. They significantly define clinical presentation, disease severity and quality of life. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of screening for depression, anxiety and autism spectrum disorders in Tourette syndrome...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744108/self-reported-fatigue-following-intensive-care-of-chronically-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Gloria-Beatrice Wintermann, Jenny Rosendahl, Kerstin Weidner, Bernhard Strauß, Andreas Hinz, Katja Petrowski
Background: Protracted treatment on intensive care unit (ICU) sets the patients at increased risk for the development of chronic critical illness (CCI). Muscular and cardio-respiratory deconditioning are common long-term sequelae, going along with a state of chronic fatigue. At present, findings regarding the frequency, long-term course, and associated factors of self-reported fatigue following ICU treatment of CCI patients are lacking. Methods: CCI patients with the diagnosis of critical illness polyneuropathy/myopathy (CIP/CIM) were assessed at three time points...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742543/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure-of-a-new-scale-to-measure-hyperacusis-introducing-the-inventory-of-hyperacusis-symptoms
#14
Benjamin Greenberg, Megan Carlos
OBJECTIVES: Despite increasing interest in hyperacusis and other disorders of auditory sensitivity, there is still a lack of valid, standardized assessment tools to measure symptom severity, treatment outcomes, and diagnostic differentiation. Accordingly, this study sought to create a new scale that is reliable, valid, brief, and easy to score with the purpose of filling this gap. DESIGN: Original items were constructed through review of currently existing models of hyperacusis measurement, as well as qualitative data collected from professional audiologists and individuals reporting heightened audiological sensitivity with tinnitus...
May 8, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742217/long-term-psychological-outcome-after-discharge-from-intensive-care
#15
Sara Pereira, Sara Cavaco, Joana Fernandes, Inês Moreira, Eduarda Almeida, Filipa Seabra-Pereira, Heloísa Castro, Maria de Jesus Malheiro, Ana Filipa Cardoso, Irene Aragão, Teresa Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the longterm psychological outcome in survivors of critical illness after intensive care unit discharge. METHODS: A prospective cohort of survivors admitted to a mixed intensive care unit between January and September 2010 was evaluated six months and five years after hospital discharge. The Dementia Rating Scale-2, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Posttraumatic stress syndrome 14-questions inventory, the Euro Quality of Life 5 Dimensions (EQ-5-D), and the Visual Analogue Scale (EQ VAS) were assessed at both follow-up periods...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739423/isupport-an-online-training-and-support-program-for-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-india
#16
Kala M Mehta, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson, Mathew Varghese, Santosh Loganathan, Upasana Baruah, Katrin Seeher, Diana Zandi, Tarun Dua, Anne Margriet Pot
BACKGROUND: Dementia has a huge physical, psychological, social and economic impact upon caregivers, families and societies at large. There has been a growing impetus to utilize Internet interventions given the potential scalability, and presumed cost-effectiveness and accessibility. In this paper, we describe the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aiming to study the impact of online self-help programs on caregivers of people with dementia in India. The experimental group will receive an interactive training and support program and the comparison group will receive an education-only e-book...
May 8, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738425/a-pilot-open-label-8-week-study-evaluating-desvenlafaxine-for-treatment-of-major-depression-in-methadone-maintained-individuals-with-opioid-use-disorder
#17
Cynthia El Hage, Maykel F Ghabrash, Simon Dubreucq, Suzanne Brissette, François Lespérance, Paul Lespérance, Clairélaine Ouellet-Plamondon, Julie Bruneau, Didier Jutras-Aswad
Depression is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders among opioid-dependent individuals. Clinical trials testing selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors among depressed patients on methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) failed to show efficacy, whereas those on tricyclic antidepressants produced mixed results with potential for cardiotoxicity. Desvenlafaxine (DESV) is a SNRI with minimal cardiotoxicity and drug interactions. This study sought to assess feasibility and tolerability of using DESV in depressed patients on MMT...
May 7, 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738424/effects-of-vaginal-estradiol-tablets-and-moisturizer-on-menopause-specific-quality-of-life-and-mood-in-healthy-postmenopausal-women-with-vaginal-symptoms-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Susan J Diem, Katherine A Guthrie, Caroline M Mitchell, Susan D Reed, Joseph C Larson, Kristine E Ensrud, Andrea Z LaCroix
OBJECTIVE: Compare the effects of a vaginal estradiol tablet and a vaginal moisturizer, each to placebo, on menopause-related quality of life and mood in postmenopausal women with moderate-severe vulvovaginal symptoms. METHODS: A total of 302 postmenopausal women enrolled in a 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial were assigned to vaginal 10 μg estradiol tablet plus placebo gel (n = 102), vaginal moisturizer plus placebo tablet (n = 100), or dual placebo (n = 100)...
May 7, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738418/anxiety-levels-predict-fracture-risk-in-postmenopausal-women-assessed-for-osteoporosis
#19
Antonino Catalano, Gabriella Martino, Federica Bellone, Agostino Gaudio, Carmen Lasco, Viviana Langher, Antonino Lasco, Nunziata Morabito
OBJECTIVE: There has been increasing interest in the association of psychiatric disorders with fracture risk. This study aimed at investigating the role of severity of anxiety in bone health. METHODS: Multiple clinical risk factors for fractures, the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool score, the bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine and femoral neck, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA) scores, Beck Depression Inventory scores, and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) scores for evaluation of the quality of life were determined, and x-ray vertebral morphometry was carried out in postmenopausal women referred for osteoporosis...
May 7, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737292/analysis-of-curative-effect-of-fluoxetine-and-escitalopram-in-the-depression-treatment-based-on-clinical-observation
#20
Zhang Xiaoling, Han Yunping, Lian Yingdong
Depression is a common affective disorder or mood disorder, which seriously affects people's physical and mental health and the quality of life. This study compared efficacy of escitalopram and fluoxetine on depression patients, and analyzed the inflammatory factors, serum homocysteine (Hcy) levels and the effects of adverse reactions, so as to provide reference for the clinical. The results showed that the total effective rate of the observation group (90.7%) was higher than that of the control group (80%), but the difference was not statistically significant (p>0...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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