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quality of life in anxiety disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928696/affective-disorders-and-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis-ms-the-moderating-role-of-resilience
#1
Nunzia Rainone, Alessandro Chiodi, Roberta Lanzillo, Valeria Magri, Anna Napolitano, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Paolo Valerio, Maria Francesca Freda
PURPOSE: To investigate the moderating role of resilience in the relationship between affective disorders and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) for adolescents and young adults with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A quantitative methodology was adopted. Fifty-three adolescents and young adults were interviewed to assess resilience as a personality trait (Ego-Resiliency Scale) and resilience as an interactive competence (CYRM-28), Health-Related Quality of Life (PedsQL 4...
December 7, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928477/health-related-quality-of-life-and-health-utility-values-in-beta-thalassemia-major-patients-receiving-different-types-of-iron-chelators-in-iran
#2
Meysam Seyedifar, Farid Abedin Dorkoosh, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Majid Naderi, Hossein Karami, Mehran Karimi, Masoomeh Fadaiyrayeny, Masoumeh Musavi, Sanaz Safaei, Mohammad Mahdi Ahmadian-Attari, Molouk Hadjibabaie, Abdol Majid Cheraghali, Ali Akbari Sari
Background: Thalassemia is a chronic, inherited blood disorder, which in its most severe form, causes life-threatening anemia. Thalassemia patients not only engage with difficulties of blood transfusion and iron chelating therapy but also have some social challenges and health threatening factors. There are some reports on quality of life in thalassemia patients around the world from southeast of Asia to Italy in Europe and United States. In this study, we tried to evaluate and compare Health Related Quality of life (HRQoL) and the health utility in beta thalassemia major patients receiving different types of iron chelators and living in different socio-economical situations...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923254/-influence-of-attachment-style-on-the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#3
Johanna Elisabeth Appel, Franziska Ift, Hermann Kißler, Christof Kloos, Thomas Lehmann, Bernhard Strauß, Katharina Wick
Background: Bariatric surgery can lower body weight and comorbidities. Different factors might influence the outcome of this treatment. This pilot study examines whether patients' attachment style can influence surgical outcome. Methods: The sample consisted of 32 patients (f=24; m=8; BMI preoperative=47,8 kg/m(2)±5,2; age=53±9,84) who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The following variables were assessed pre- and postoperatively via questionnaires: quality of life (BAROS), self esteem (SES), depression, anxiety, psychological distress (SCL-90R), feelings of hunger, cognitive control, irritated eating behaviour (FEV) and weight related variables (BMI, EWL%, EBL%, TBL)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922448/the-second-randomised-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-cost-effectiveness-and-acceptability-of-computerised-therapy-reeact-2-trial-does-the-provision-of-telephone-support-enhance-the-effectiveness-of-computer-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-a-randomised
#4
Sally Brabyn, Ricardo Araya, Michael Barkham, Peter Bower, Cindy Cooper, Ana Duarte, David Kessler, Sarah Knowles, Karina Lovell, Elizabeth Littlewood, Richard Mattock, Stephen Palmer, Jodi Pervin, David Richards, Debbie Tallon, David White, Simon Walker, Gillian Worthy, Simon Gilbody
BACKGROUND: Computerised cognitive behaviour therapy (cCBT) is an efficient form of therapy potentially improving access to psychological care. Indirect evidence suggests that the uptake and effectiveness of cCBT can be increased if facilitated by telephone, but this is not routinely offered in the NHS. OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of telephone-facilitated free-to-use cCBT [e.g. MoodGYM (National Institute for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia)] with minimally supported cCBT...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917364/cognitive-remediation-and-bias-modification-strategies-in-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#5
Alexandra K Gold, Rebecca E Montana, Louisa G Sylvia, Andrew A Nierenberg, Thilo Deckersbach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cognitive impairments and biases, which are prevalent in patients with mood and anxiety disorders, can affect quality of life and functioning. Traditional treatments are only insufficiently addressing these impairments and biases. We review the cognitive impairments and biases present in these disorders as well as treatments targeting these domains. RECENT FINDINGS: Interventions aimed at improving cognitive impairments and biases may help improve cognitive deficits and overall functioning in patients with mood and anxiety disorders...
December 2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915159/public-speaking-avoidance-as-a-treatment-moderator-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#6
Bita Mesri, Andrea N Niles, Andre Pittig, Richard T LeBeau, Ethan Haik, Michelle G Craske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) have both garnered empirical support for the effective treatment of social anxiety disorder. However, not every patient benefits equally from either treatment. Identifying moderators of treatment outcome can help to better understand which treatment is best suited for a particular patient. METHODS: Forty-nine individuals who met criteria for social anxiety disorder were assessed as part of a randomized controlled trial comparing 12 weeks of CBT and ACT...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914473/effectiveness-of-enhanced-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-e-for-eating-disorders-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Martie de Jong, Kees Korrelboom, Iris van der Meer, Mathijs Deen, Hans W Hoek, Philip Spinhoven
BACKGROUND: While eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) is the most common eating disorder (ED) diagnosis in routine clinical practice, no specific treatment methods for this diagnosis have yet been developed and studied. Enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-E) has been described and put to the test as a transdiagnostic treatment protocol for all EDs, including EDNOS. Initial research in the UK suggests that CBT-E is more effective for EDs, especially bulimia nervosa (BN) and EDNOS, than the earlier version of CBT...
December 3, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912889/hormone-replacement-therapy-in-young-women-with-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-and-early-menopause
#8
REVIEW
Shannon D Sullivan, Philip M Sarrel, Lawrence M Nelson
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a rare but important cause of ovarian hormone deficiency and infertility in women. In addition to causing infertility, POI is associated with multiple health risks, including bothersome menopausal symptoms, decreased bone density and increased risk of fractures, early progression of cardiovascular disease, psychologic impact that may include depression, anxiety, and decreased perceived psychosocial support, potential early decline in cognition, and dry eye syndrome. Appropriate hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to replace premenopausal levels of ovarian sex steroids is paramount to increasing quality of life for women with POI and ameliorating associated health risks...
December 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906801/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-functional-abdominal-pain-disorders-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-ibd-fapd
#9
Kevin L Watson, Sandra C Kim, Brendan M Boyle, Miguel Saps
OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe the prevalence of the overlap of functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs) in children with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), a condition we have designated as IBD-FAPD. We also aimed to describe the psychological profile of this group, assess predictors of disease and the impact of IBD-FAPD on quality of life. METHODS: This cross-sectional prospective study included patients aged 8-18 years with a diagnosis of IBD. Disease activity was assessed by physician's global assessment, laboratory studies, and aPCDAI or PUCAI scoring...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901240/prevalence-of-chronic-spinal-pain-and-identification-of-associated-factors-in-a-sample-of-the-population-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-cross-sectional-study
#10
Jidiene Dylese Presecatan Depintor, Eduardo Sawaya Botelho Bracher, Dayane Maia Costa Cabral, José Eluf-Neto
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic spinal pain, especially low-back pain and neck pain, is a leading cause of years of life with disability. The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of chronic spinal pain among individuals aged 15 years or older and to identify the factors associated with it. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional epidemiological study on a sample of the population of the city of São Paulo. METHOD: Participants were selected using random probabilistic sampling and data were collected via face-to-face interviews...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900733/web-based-self-help-for-problematic-alcohol-use-a-large-naturalistic-study
#11
Magnus Johansson, Kristina Sinadinovic, Anders Hammarberg, Christopher Sundström, Ulric Hermansson, Sven Andreasson, Anne H Berman
PURPOSE: This observational study examined user characteristics, intervention use patterns, and variables associated with reductions in alcohol consumption for anonymous Internet help-seekers using a Web-based self-help program. METHOD: A Web-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program with eight modules delivered over 10 weeks was offered to participants with at least hazardous use of alcohol according to the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) (n = 4165)...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899884/the-inverse-relationship-between-the-microstructural-variability-of-amygdala-prefrontal-pathways-and-trait-anxiety-is-moderated-by-sex
#12
M Justin Kim, Annemarie C Brown, Alison M Mattek, Samantha J Chavez, James M Taylor, Amy L Palmer, Yu-Chien Wu, Paul J Whalen
Anxiety impacts the quality of everyday life and may facilitate the development of affective disorders, possibly through concurrent alterations in neural circuitry. Findings from multimodal neuroimaging studies suggest that trait-anxious individuals may have a reduced capacity for efficient communication between the amygdala and the ventral prefrontal cortex (vPFC). A diffusion-weighted imaging protocol with 61 directions was used to identify lateral and medial amygdala-vPFC white matter pathways. The structural integrity of both pathways was inversely correlated with self-reported levels of trait anxiety...
2016: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896587/psychological-and-behavioral-issues-in-the-management-of-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
William Qubty, Amy A Gelfand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is sometimes assumed that children and adolescents with migraine have a psychiatric or behavioral comorbidity, a belief that can be stigmatizing. This review will examine the recent literature addressing this area to determine if pediatric and adolescent migraineurs are at increased risk for psychiatric comorbidity and to discuss management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: A large systematic review of pediatric and adolescent studies concluded anxiety and depression were not associated with onset of recurrent headaches...
December 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887679/-mindfulness-based-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-mechanisms-of-action-and-presentation-of-a-pilot-study
#14
M Gasnier, A Pelissolo, G Bondolfi, S Pelissolo, M Tomba, L Mallet, K N'diaye
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and severe disease, potentially inducing a major impairment for the patient and burden for their family. Recent research in psychiatry and neuroscience have led to better comprehension of the disease's mechanisms and helped to improve its treatment. However, a large proportion of patients have refractory symptoms, including for traditional cognitive and behavioral therapy by exposure and response prevention (ERP), leading clinicians to look for new treatments...
November 22, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881525/rationale-and-protocol-for-using-a-smartphone-application-to-study-autism-spectrum-disorders-smartautism
#15
Olivier Bonnot, Dominique Bonneau, Aude Doudard, Philippe Duverger
INTRODUCTION: Longitudinal studies on the evolution of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms are limited and have primarily used repeated measurements performed several months apart. However, measurements of changes in everyday life should more closely reflect the 'real life' of the patient and his or her family. We propose to study the child's ASD symptoms and their effect on the quality of life, psychological status and anxiety of the child's parents over a 6-month period using SMARTAUTISM, a smartphone application...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881113/psychotherapy-integration-under-scrutiny-investigating-the-impact-of-integrating-emotion-focused-components-into-a-cbt-based-approach-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Anna Babl, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Sara Heer, Mu Lin, Annabarbara Stähli, Dominique Holstein, Martina Belz, Yvonne Egenolf, Eveline Frischknecht, Fabian Ramseyer, Daniel Regli, Emma Schmied, Christoph Flückiger, Jeannette Brodbeck, Thomas Berger, Franz Caspar
BACKGROUND: This currently recruiting randomized controlled trial investigates the effects of integrating components of Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) into Psychological Therapy (PT), an integrative form of cognitive-behavioral therapy in a manner that is directly mirroring common integrative practice in the sense of assimilative integration. Aims of the study are to understand how both, an existing therapy approach as well as the elements to be integrated, are affected by the integration and to clarify the role of emotional processing as a mediator of therapy outcome...
November 24, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879981/zinc-supplementation-for-tinnitus
#17
REVIEW
Osmar C Person, Maria Es Puga, Edina Mk da Silva, Maria R Torloni
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is the perception of sound without external acoustic stimuli. Patients with severe tinnitus may have physical and psychological complaints and their tinnitus can cause deterioration in their quality of life. At present no specific therapy for tinnitus has been found to be satisfactory in all patients. In recent decades, a number of reports have suggested that oral zinc supplementation may be effective in the management of tinnitus. Since zinc has a role in cochlear physiology and in the synapses of the auditory system, there is a plausible mechanism of action for this treatment...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878585/motion-and-emotion-anxiety-axial-connections-in-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Rastislav Šumec, Irena Rektorová, Robert Jech, Kateřina Menšíková, Jan Roth, Evžen Růžička, Dana Sochorová, Ladislav Dušek, Petr Kaňovský, Ivan Rektor, Tomáš Pavlík, Pavel Filip, Martin Bareš
Anxiety is a serious and frequent complication in Parkinson's disease (PD) that significantly affects the quality of life of patients. Multiple neuroanatomical, experimental, and clinical studies suggest its close association with axial disturbances. However, whether this relation applies for PD patients (commonly suffering from axial difficulties, such as balance and gait disturbance) has not been properly tested yet. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PD patients suffering from axial symptoms have higher levels of anxiety than others and to identify other factors associated with anxiety-axial connections...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878381/posttraumatic-stress-and-quality-of-life-with-the-totally-subcutaneous-compared-to-conventional-cardioverter-defibrillator-systems
#19
Julia Köbe, Katharina Hucklenbroich, Nils Geisendörfer, Markus Bettin, Gerrit Frommeyer, Florian Reinke, Dirk Dechering, Markus Burgmer, Lars Eckardt
BACKGROUND: For prevention of sudden cardiac death, the transvenously implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy (tv-ICD) is well accepted. The subcutaneous system (S-ICD(®)) is promising in terms of reducing ICD complications. Nevertheless, the impact of the novel generator position on patients' quality of life (QoL) is yet unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at comparing QoL and posttraumatic stress with both systems. METHODS: 60 S-ICD(®) and 60 case-controlled tv single-chamber ICD patients were asked to respond to three standardized questionnaires...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873351/rasch-analysis-of-the-carers-quality-of-life-questionnaire-for-parkinsonism
#20
Marios Pillas, Caroline Selai, Anette Schrag
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychometric properties of the Carers Quality of Life Questionnaire for Parkinsonism using a Rasch modeling approach and determine the optimal cut-off score. METHODS: We performed a Rasch analysis of the survey answers of 430 carers of patients with atypical parkinsonism. RESULTS: All of the scale items demonstrated acceptable goodness of fit to the Rasch model. The scale was unidimensional and no notable differential item functioning was detected in the items regarding age and disease type...
November 22, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
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