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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207519/influence-of-sleep-disorders-on-somatic-symptoms-mental-health-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-constipation
#1
Ya Jiang, Yu-Rong Tang, Chen Xie, Ting Yu, Wen-Jie Xiong, Lin Lin
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is a common symptom in CC patients, and it is positively related to greater somatic and psychiatric symptoms. METHODS: The participants were 126 adult outpatients with CC. The measures were: constipation-Constipation Scoring System (CSS) and Patient Assessment of Constipation-Symptoms (PAC-SYM); sleep-Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); anxiety-General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7); depression-Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9); and QOL-Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life (PAC-QOL) and SF-36...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199910/subthreshold-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-adolescents-prevalence-and-impact
#2
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The aim of the current study was to establish the prevalence of subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (subthreshold-BDD) in a community sample of adolescents, and to compare disorder correlates in individuals with subthreshold-BDD to those with probable full-syndrome BDD (probable-BDD) and those without BDD (non-BDD). Self-report questionnaires assessing DSM-IV BDD criteria, past mental health service use, and symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder, anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and eating disorders, were completed by 3149 Australian high school students (mean age =14...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197107/augmentation-of-psychotherapy-through-alternative-preconscious-priming-a-case-series-exploring-effects-on-residual-symptoms
#3
Melha Zidani, Jean-Sébastien Audet, François Borgeat, Frederick Aardema, Kieron Philip O'Connor, Yasser Khazaal
The current paper describes a case series using a new strategy for facilitating change based on Augmentation of Psychotherapy through Alternative Preconscious Priming (APAP) (1) in the treatment of eight treatment-resistant patients suffering from social phobia or generalized anxiety disorder. The patients had previously only shown a partial response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) despite good treatment adherence. The patients completed APAP using a computerized program, which consisted of three steps during which alternative, more functional thoughts and beliefs relevant to the idiosyncratic difficulties experienced by the patients were formulated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196993/personality-disorders-and-its-association-with-anxiety-and-depression-among-patients-of-severe-acne-a-cross-sectional-study-from-eastern-india
#4
Sharmila Sarkar, Paramita Patra, Kakali Mridha, Sudip Kumar Ghosh, Asish Mukhopadhyay, Rajarshi Guha Thakurta
BACKGROUND: In many patients, emotional stress may exacerbate acne. Psychological problems such as social phobias, low self-esteem, or depression may also occur as a result of acne. The presence of acne may have some negative effect on the quality of life, self-esteem, and mood of the affected patients. While some studies have been undertaken about anxiety, depression, and personality patterns in patients with acne, only a few studies have been done to identify specific personality disorders in patients with acne...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196438/patient-factors-associated-with-higher-expectations-from-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#5
Elizabeth A Cody, Carol A Mancuso, Jayme C Burket, Anca Marinescu, Aoife MacMahon, Scott J Ellis
BACKGROUND: Few authors have investigated patients' expectations from foot and ankle surgery. In this study, we aimed to examine relationships between patients' preoperative expectations and their demographic and clinical characteristics. We hypothesized that patients with more disability and those with anxiety or depressive symptoms would have greater expectations. METHODS: All adult patients scheduled for elective foot or ankle surgery by 1 of 6 orthopaedic foot and ankle surgeons were screened for inclusion over 8 months...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193237/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-neurofibromatosis-1-nf1-using-the-impact-of-nf1-on-quality-of-life-inf1-qol-questionnaire
#6
Rosalie E Ferner, Mary Thomas, Gemma Mercer, Victoria Williams, Guy D Leschziner, Shazia K Afridi, John F Golding
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is an inherited, multi-system, tumour suppressor disorder with variable complications that cause psychological distress and social isolation. The study aim was to develop and validate a disease-specific questionnaire to measure quality of life (QOL) in NF1 that is suitable both as an assessment tool in clinical practice and in clinical trials of novel therapy. METHODS: The Impact of NF1 on Quality of Life (INF1-QOL) questionnaire was developed by a literature search for common terms, focus group (n = 6), semi-structured interviews (n = 21), initial drafts (n =50) and final 14 item questionnaire (n = 50)...
February 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186314/psychopathological-profile-and-prevalence-of-dual-pathology-on-patients-with-alcoholic-dependence-undergoing-outpatient-treatment
#7
Miguel A García-Carretero, José P Novalbos-Ruiz, María Robles-Martínez, María A Jordán-Quintero, Cristina O'Ferrall-González
AIMS: Assess the prevalence of dual pathology in patients with alcohol dependence and describe the psychopathological profile of mental disorders, impulsiveness, ADHD presence and craving. METHOD: It is a cross-sectional study about dual pathology, carried out on 102 patients undergoing outpatient treatment. The presence of dual pathology is established by means of the MINI-5 interview and the MCMI-III test; DSM-IV being used as the alcohol abuse criteria. Impulsiveness, ADHD presence, craving and quality of life were measured through SIS, ASRSv1, MACS and SF-36...
January 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181205/alcohol-and-other-drug-use-in-older-adults-results-from-a-community-needs-assessment
#8
Emily Loscalzo, Robert C Sterling, Stephen P Weinstein, Brooke Salzman
BACKGROUND: With the "Baby Boomer" generation reaching older adulthood, substance abuse treatment providers find themselves needing to address the unique needs of this population. Heavy drinking in adults ages 65 and over is strongly correlated with depression, anxiety, decreased social support, and poor health. However, while alcohol misuse has been shown to be predictive of a lower quality of life in older adults, the generalizability of these findings to urban dwelling, lower socioeconomic status individuals remains unclear...
February 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176178/are-anxiety-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-less-impairing-than-adhd-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-associations-with-child-quality-of-life-and-parental-stress-and-psychopathology
#9
Liesbeth G E Telman, Francisca J A van Steensel, Marija Maric, Susan M Bögels
We compared clinically referred children with anxiety disorders (AD; n = 63) to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 39), ADHD Combined (ADHD-C; n = 62), ADHD Predominantly Inattentive (ADHD-I; n = 64), and typically developing children (n = 42) on child quality of life (QOL), paternal and maternal psychopathology and parental stress. Diagnoses were based on DSM-IV-TR criteria. Multilevel analyses showed that QOL in AD was higher on school and social functioning, compared to respectively ADHD and ASD, and lower compared to normal controls on all five domains...
February 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173780/protocol-for-the-encode-trial-evaluating-a-novel-online-depression-intervention-for-persons-with-epilepsy
#10
Björn Meyer, Mario Weiss, Martin Holtkamp, Stephan Arnold, Katja Brückner, Johanna Schröder, Franziska Scheibe, Yvonne Nestoriuc
BACKGROUND: Depression is common among persons with epilepsy (PwE), affecting roughly one in three individuals, and its presence is associated with personal suffering, impaired quality of life, and worse prognosis. Despite the availability of effective treatments, depression is often overlooked and treated inadequately in PwE, in part because of assumed concerns over drug interactions or proconvulsant effects of antidepressants. Internet-administered psychological interventions might complement antidepressant medication or psychotherapy, and preliminary evidence suggests that they can be effective...
February 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154337/investigation-of-mental-disorders-in-lung-cancer-outpatients-a-retrospective-analysis
#11
Yuka Nakamura, Erika Kanemoto, Makoto Kajizono, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Toshiaki Sendo
 Cancer patients often develop mental conditions, including anxiety and depressive disorder. And, patients with chemotherapy often exhibit mental changes including anxiety and depressive disorder. Furthermore, it is well known that the frequency of delirium is increased in cancer patients receiving terminal care. Thus, the psychiatric and cognitive functions of cancer survivors are significantly influenced by their quality of life. In this study, we performed a retrospective analysis to identify the risk factors for psychiatric disorders in lung cancer survivors...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149309/deferring-surgical-treatment-of-ambiguous-genitalia-into-adolescence-in-girls-with-21-hydroxylase-deficiency-a-feasibility-study
#12
Pierre Bougnères, Claire Bouvattier, Maryse Cartigny, Lina Michala
BACKGROUND: Genital surgery in Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) has been an area of debate over the past 20 years. Emerging scientific evidence in the late 1990s defied the then routine practice to surgically align genitalia to the sex of rearing, as early as possible. However, despite multitude of data showing detrimental effects to genital sensation and sexuality, few patients born with ambiguous genitalia have remained unoperated into adolescence. METHODS: We followed up girls with 21 hydroxylase deficiency (21- OHD) in genital morphology during childhood and acceptability among patients and parents of such an approach...
2017: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139507/increased-risk-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-southwest-china
#13
Jing Tan, Qiu-Yi Wang, Gui-Mei Feng, Xue-Ying Li, Wei Huang
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and its characteristic symptoms have been associated with physical and psychological issues in women of reproductive age. The current study was conducted in response to the dearth of systematic research related to psychological functioning and quality of life in patients with PCOS in Southwest China, and to determine whether patients with PCOS exhibit poorer mental health (MH) compared to healthy women of the same age and living in the same region, without a PCOS diagnosis...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131182/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-behavioural-disorders-and-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease
#14
REVIEW
Roberta Balestrino, Pablo Martinez-Martin
Parkinson's disease is a complex neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor and non-motor symptoms, with neuropsychiatric manifestations among the most frequent non-motor symptoms. Health-related quality of life is a patient-reported outcome that reflects the impact of the disease on physical, mental, and social wellbeing, and on other aspects of patient' life. Although older studies on health-related quality of life in Parkinson's disease mainly investigated the role of the motor impairment, recent research focused on non-motor symptoms has highlighted the critical role that behavioural disturbances due to neuropsychiatric symptoms play in determining health related quality of life...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130990/psychiatric-symptoms-quality-of-life-and-hiv-status-among-people-using-opioids-in-saint-petersburg-russia
#15
Alethea Desrosiers, Elena Blokhina, Evgeny Krupitsky, Edwin Zvartau, Richard Schottenfeld, Marek Chawarski
BACKGROUND: The Russian Federation is experiencing a very high rate of HIV infection among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, few studies have explored characteristics of people with co-occurring opioid use disorders and HIV, including psychiatric symptom presentations and how these symptoms might relate to quality of life. The current study therefore explored a.) differences in baseline psychiatric symptoms among HIV+ and HIV- individuals with opioid use disorder seeking naltrexone treatment at two treatment centers in Saint Petersburg, Russia and b...
January 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130857/caregiver-burden-in-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder-relationship-to-functionality-and-neuropsychiatric-symptoms
#16
Glenda D Dos Santos, Orestes V Forlenza, Rodolfo B Ladeira, Ivan Aprahamian, Jouce G Almeida, Beny Lafer, Paula V Nunes
BACKGROUND: There are few studies addressing caregivers of bipolar disorder (BD) patients, especially patients who are older adults with an increased need for care, often given by a relative. The aim of this study was to describe which factors increase caregiver burden among caregivers of elderly BD outpatients. METHODS: Patients were older than 60 years and met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition, criteria for BD. They were evaluated for current mood, cognitive and other neuropsychiatric symptoms, functionality, medical comorbidities, quality of life, years since BD diagnosis, and number of psychiatric admissions...
January 27, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119749/health-related-quality-of-life-depression-and-anxiety-in-hospitalized-patients-with-tuberculosis
#17
Ana Paula Ceré Dos Santos, Tássia Kirchmann Lazzari, Denise Rossato Silva
BACKGROUND: Much of the attention of tuberculosis (TB) programs is focused on outcomes of microbiological cure and mortality, and health related quality of life (HRQL) is undervalued. Also, TB patients have a significantly higher risk of developing depression and anxiety compared with those in the general population. We intend to evaluate the HRQL and the prevalence of symptoms of depression and anxiety in hospitalized patients with TB. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in a tertiary care hospital in Brazil...
January 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116752/psychological-interventions-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#18
REVIEW
Jacqueline Sin, Debbie Spain, Marie Furuta, Trevor Murrells, Ian Norman
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence indicates that individuals who develop severe mental illness (SMI) are also vulnerable to developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), due to increased risk of exposure to traumatic events and social adversity. The effectiveness of trauma-focused psychological interventions (TFPIs) for PTSD in the general population is well-established. TFPIs involve identifying and changing unhelpful beliefs about traumatic experiences, processing of traumatic memories, and developing new ways of responding to cues associated with trauma...
January 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110555/a-meta-analysis-of-pharmacotherapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-an-examination-of-efficacy-moderators-and-mediators
#19
Joshua Curtiss, Leigh Andrews, Michelle Davis, Jasper Smits, Stefan G Hofmann
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is among the most prevalent mental disorders, associated with impaired functioning and poor quality of life. Pharmacotherapy is the most widely utilized treatment option. The current study provides an updated meta-analytic review of the efficacy of pharmacotherapy and examines moderators and mediators of treatment efficacy. Areas Covered: A comprehensive search of the current literature yielded 52 randomized, pill placebo-controlled trials of pharmacotherapy for adults diagnosed with SAD...
February 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109579/reprint-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-behavioural-disorders-and-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease
#20
REVIEW
Roberta Balestrino, Pablo Martinez-Martin
Parkinson's disease is a complex neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor and non-motor symptoms, with neuropsychiatric manifestations among the most frequent non-motor symptoms. Health-related quality of life is a patient-reported outcome that reflects the impact of the disease on physical, mental, and social wellbeing, and on other aspects of patient' life. Although older studies on health-related quality of life in Parkinson's disease mainly investigated the role of the motor impairment, recent research focused on non-motor symptoms has highlighted the critical role that behavioural disturbances due to neuropsychiatric symptoms play in determining health related quality of life...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
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