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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431447/-return-to-work-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#1
Rona Reibis, Annett Salzwedel, Johannes Falk, Heinz Völler
Vocational reintegration provides a key goal for patients after myocardial infarction both from social as well as from individual perspective. Return to work rate is determined by medical parameters such as left ventricular function, residual ischemia and rhythm stability, as well as by occupational requirement profile such as the blue or white collar work, night shifts and the way capacity. Psycho-social factors including depression, self-assessment of their own situation and pre-existing cognitive impairment to a large extent determine the reintegration...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420807/effects-of-modifications-to-the-health-and-social-sector-s-collective-agreement-on-the-objective-characteristics-of-working-hours
#2
Annina Ropponen, Päivi Vanttola, Aki Koskinen, Tarja Hakola, Sampsa Puttonen, Mikko Härmä
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of an intervention on objective working-hour characteristics. The intervention involved making modifications to the collective agreement that would limit employees' entitlement to time off as compensation. The intervention group consisted of 493 and the control group of 2303 health and social care shift workers, respectively. We analysed the objective pay roll-based working-hour data for 2012-2013, which we obtained from employers' records, using the repeated measures mixed model...
April 14, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395687/perceptions-of-healthcare-professionals-regarding-their-own-body-weight-in-selected-public-hospitals-in-mpumalanga-province-south-africa
#3
M C Phetla, L Skaal
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been cited as a public health problem in both developing and developed countries. There is evidence that rates of obesity have increased among healthcare workers (HCWs) in South Africa (SA), especially those who do night shifts, with a negative effect on health. Perceptions of body weight contribute significantly to the desire to lose weight or not to do so. OBJECTIVE: To determine perceptions of HCWs regarding their own body weight in selected public hospitals in Mpumalanga Province, SA...
March 29, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362457/shift-work-and-cognitive-aging-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Kathleen Bokenberger, Peter Ström, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Nancy L Pedersen
Objectives The few studies of shift work and late life cognitive functioning have yielded mixed findings. The aim of the present study is to estimate the association between shift-work experience and change in cognitive performance before and after retirement age among older adults who were gainfully employed. Methods Five hundred and ninety five participants with no dementia were followed up for a mean of 17.6 standard deviation (SD) 8.8 years from a Swedish population-based sample. Participants had self-reported information on any type of shift-work experience (ever/never) in 1984 and measures of cognitive performance (verbal, spatial, memory, processing speed, and general cognitive ability) from up to 9 waves of cognitive assessments during 1986-2012...
March 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355702/-prevalence-of-breast-and-gynecological-diseases-in-female-workers-in-the-administrative-office-and-workshop-of-an-automobile-part-factory
#5
L X Bai, L Yang, D P Duan, X Y Xu, Z Li, Y M Liu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of breast and gynecological diseases in female workers in the administrative office and workshop of an automobile part factory, and to provide a basis for promoting the health of female workers. Methods: In March 2015, color ultrasound examination of the breast, uterus, and bilateral adnexa was performed for all female workers, and routine gynecological examination, routine leucorrhea examination, and thinprep liquid-based cytology test were performed for married female workers...
February 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347188/circadian-misalignment-increases-c-reactive-protein-and-blood-pressure-in-chronic-shift-workers
#6
Christopher J Morris, Taylor E Purvis, Joseph Mistretta, Kun Hu, Frank A J L Scheer
Shift work is a risk factor for inflammation, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. This increased risk cannot be fully explained by classical risk factors. Shift workers' behavioral and environmental cycles are typically misaligned relative to their endogenous circadian system. However, there is little information on the impact of acute circadian misalignment on cardiovascular disease risk in shift workers, independent of differences in work stress, food quality, and other factors that are likely to differ between night and day shifts...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336582/high-mammographic-density-in-long-term-night-shift-workers-ddm-spain-var-ddm
#7
Ana Maria Pedraza-Flechas, Virginia Lope, Carmen Sánchez-Contador, Carmen Santamariña, Carmen Pedraz-Pingarrón, Pilar Moreo, María Ederra, Josefa Miranda-García, Carmen Vidal, Rafael Llobet, Nuria Aragonés, Dolores Salas-Trejo, Marina Pollán, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez
Background:Night-shift work (NSW) has been suggested as a possible cause of breast cancer (BC), and its association with mammographic density (MD), one of the strongest risk factors for BC, has been scarcely addressed. This study examined NSW and MD in Spanish women. Methods:The study covered 2752 women aged 45-68 years recruited in 2007-2008 in 7 population-based public BC screening centers, which included 243 women who had performed NSW for at least one year. Occupational data and information on potential confounders was collected by personal interview...
March 23, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287629/metabolic-disturbances-due-to-a-high-fat-diet-in-a-non-insulin-resistant-animal-model
#8
L Ramalho, M N da Jornada, L C Antunes, M P Hidalgo
OBJECTIVE: Shift workers have metabolic changes more often than day workers. It is also known that night workers prefer foods high in saturated fat. Such data suggest that shift workers are prone to cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the objective of this study was to propose an animal model to test the effect of high-fat diet (HFD) based on shift workers' diet. METHODS: This is an experimental study with 20 Wistar rats. Ten rats were allocated to the control group (CG) and were fed standard diet...
March 13, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287446/sitting-time-physical-activity-and-sleep-by-work-type-and-pattern-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#9
Bronwyn K Clark, Tracy L Kolbe-Alexander, Mitch J Duncan, Wendy Brown
Data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health were used to examine how work was associated with time spent sleeping, sitting and in physical activity (PA), in working women. Young (31-36 years; 2009) and mid-aged (59-64 years; 2010) women reported sleep (categorised as shorter ≤6 h/day and longer ≥8 h/day) and sitting time (work, transport, television, non-work computer, and other; summed for total sitting time) on the most recent work and non-work day; and moderate and vigorous PA (categorised as meeting/not meeting guidelines) in the previous week...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271382/maximal-tachycardia-and-high-cardiac-strain-during-night-shifts-of-emergency-physicians
#10
Frédéric Dutheil, Fouad Marhar, Gil Boudet, Christophe Perrier, Geraldine Naughton, Alain Chamoux, Pascal Huguet, Martial Mermillod, Foued Saâdaoui, Farès Moustafa, Jeannot Schmidt
PURPOSE: To compare tachycardia and cardiac strain between 24-hour shifts (24hS) and 14-hour night shifts (14hS) in emergency physicians (EPs), and to investigate key factors influencing tachycardia and cardiac strain. METHODS: We monitored heart rate (HR) with Holter-ECG in a shift-randomized trial comparing a 24hS, a 14hS, and a control day, within a potential for 19 EPs. We also measured 24-h HR the third day (D3) after both shifts. We measured perceived stress by visual analog scale and the number of life-and-death emergencies...
March 7, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270559/a-single-night-light-exposure-acutely-alters-hormonal-and-metabolic-responses-in-healthy-participants
#11
Mohammed S Albreiki, Benita Middleton, Shelagh M Hampton
Many animal studies have reported an association between melatonin suppression and the disturbance of metabolic responses; yet, few human studies have investigated bright light effects on metabolic and hormonal responses at night. This study investigated the impact of light on plasma hormones and metabolites prior to, and after, an evening meal in healthy participants. Seventeen healthy participants, 8 females (22.2 ± 2.59 years, mean ± s.d.) and 9 males (22.8 ± 3.5 years) were randomised to a two-way cross-over design protocol; dim light (DL) (<5 lux) and bright light (BL) (>500 lux) sessions, separated by at least seven days...
February 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264001/a-camera-phone-based-study-reveals-erratic-eating-pattern-and-disrupted-daily-eating-fasting-cycle-among-adults-in-india
#12
Neelu Jain Gupta, Vinod Kumar, Satchidananda Panda
The daily rhythm of feeding-fasting and meal-timing are emerging as important determinants of health. Circadian rhythm research in animal models and retrospective analyses of human nutrition data have shown that reduced length of overnight fasting or increased late night eating increases risk for metabolic diseases including obesity and diabetes. However, the daily rhythm in eating pattern in humans is rarely measured. Traditional methods to collect nutrition information through food diary and food log pay little attention to the timing of eating which may also change from day to day...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259894/night-shift-work-is-associated-with-increased-pain-perception
#13
Dagfinn Matre, Stein Knardahl, Kristian Bernhard Nilsen
Objectives The aim of the present study was to determine whether shift workers exhibit increased perception of experimentally induced pain after working night shifts. Methods The study was a paired cross-over design with two sleep conditions, after at least two nights of habitual sleep and after two consecutive night shifts at work. Fifty-three nurses in rotating shift work participated. The sensitivity to electrically induced pain, heat pain, cold pain, pressure pain and pain inhibition was determined experimentally in each sleep condition...
March 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251931/sleep-characteristics-modify-the-association-of-genetic-predisposition-with-obesity-and-anthropometric-measurements-in-119-679-uk-biobank-participants
#14
Carlos Celis-Morales, Donald M Lyall, Yibing Guo, Lewis Steell, Daniel Llanas, Joey Ward, Daniel F Mackay, Stephany M Biello, Mark Es Bailey, Jill P Pell, Jason Mr Gill
Background: Obesity is a multifactorial condition influenced by genetics, lifestyle, and environment.Objective: We investigated whether the association of a validated genetic profile risk score for obesity (GPRS-obesity) with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) was modified by sleep characteristics.Design: This study included cross-sectional data from 119,859 white European adults, aged 37-73 y, participating in the UK Biobank. Interactions of GPRS-obesity and sleep characteristics (sleep duration, chronotype, day napping, and shift work) with their effects on BMI and WC were investigated...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251241/shift-work-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-the-mcc-spain-case-control-study
#15
Kyriaki Papantoniou, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Ana Espinosa, Michelle C Turner, Maria Henar Alonso-Aguado, Vicente Martin, Nuria Aragonés, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Benito Mirón Pozo, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Eva Ardanaz, Jone M Altzibar, Rosana Peiro, Adonina Tardon, José Andrés Lorca, Maria Dolores Chirlaque, Andrés García-Palomo, Jose Juan Jimenez-Moleon, Trinidad Ierssen, Maria Ederra, Pilar Amiano, Marina Pollan, Victor Moreno, Manolis Kogevinas
Objectives Shift work that involves circadian disruption has been associated with a higher cancer risk. Most epidemiological studies to date have focused on breast cancer risk and evidence for other common tumors is limited. We evaluated the risk for colorectal cancer (CRC) in relation to shift work history in a population-based case-control study in Spain. Methods This analysis included 1626 incident CRC cases and 3378 randomly selected population controls of both sexes, enrolled in 11 regions of Spain. Sociodemographic and lifestyle information was assessed in face-to-face interviews...
March 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246001/hand-hygiene-in-intensive-care-units-a-matter-of-time
#16
J T Stahmeyer, B Lutze, T von Lengerke, I F Chaberny, C Krauth
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections are a frequent threat to patient safety and cause significant disease burden. The most important single preventive measure is hand hygiene (HH). Barriers to adherence with HH recommendations include structural aspects, knowledge gaps, and organizational issues, especially a lack of time in daily routine. AIM: To determine the number of hand hygiene opportunities (HHOs), compliance rates, and time spent on hand hygiene in intensive care units (ICUs)...
April 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245625/influences-on-dietary-choices-during-day-versus-night-shift-in-shift-workers-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Emily K Bonnell, Catherine E Huggins, Chris T Huggins, Tracy A McCaffrey, Claire Palermo, Maxine P Bonham
Shift work is associated with diet-related chronic conditions such as obesity and cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to explore factors influencing food choice and dietary intake in shift workers. A fixed mixed method study design was undertaken on a convenience sample of firefighters who continually work a rotating roster. Six focus groups (n = 41) were conducted to establish factors affecting dietary intake whilst at work. Dietary intake was assessed using repeated 24 h dietary recalls (n = 19). Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and interpreted using thematic analysis...
February 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245504/shift-work-and-overall-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-danish-nurse-cohort
#18
Jeanette Therming Jørgensen, Sashia Karlsen, Leslie Stayner, Johnni Andersen, Zorana Jovanovic Andersen
Objectives Evidence of an effect of shift work on all-cause and cause-specific mortality is inconsistent. This study aims to examine whether shift work is associated with increased all-cause and cause-specific mortality. Methods We linked 28 731 female nurses (age ≥44 years), recruited in 1993 or 1999 from the Danish nurse cohort where they reported information on shift work (night, evening, rotating, or day), to the Danish Register of Causes of Death to identify deaths up to 2013. We used Cox regression models with age as the underlying scale to examine the associations between night, evening, and rotating shift work (compared to day shift work) and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in models adjusted for potentially confounding variables...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229469/what-is-the-impact-of-shift-work-on-the-psychological-functioning-and-resilience-of-nurses-an-integrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Mozhdeh Tahghighi, Clare S Rees, Janie A Brown, Lauren J Breen, Desley Hegney
AIM: To synthesise existing research to determine if nurses who work shifts have poorer psychological functioning and resilience than nurses who do not work shifts. BACKGROUND: Research exploring the impact of shift work on the psychological functioning and resilience of nurses is limited compared with research investigating the impact of shifts on physical outcomes. DESIGN: Integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: Relevant databases were searched from January 1995- August 2016 using the combination of keywords: nurse, shift work; rotating roster; night shift; resilient; hardiness; coping; well-being; burnout; mental health; occupational stress; compassion fatigue; compassion satisfaction; stress; anxiety; depression...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220912/shift-schedule-work-family-relationships-marital-communication-job-satisfaction-and-health-among-transport-service-shift-workers
#20
Irena Iskra-Golec, Lawrence Smith, Ewa Wilczek-Rużyczka, Patrycja Siemiginowska, Joanna Wątroba
OBJECTIVES: Existing research has documented that shiftwork consequences may depend on the shift system parameters. Fast rotating systems (1-3 shifts of the same kind in a row) and day work have been found to be less disruptive biologically and socially than slower rotating systems and afternoon and night work. The aim of this study was to compare day workers and shift workers of different systems in terms of rotation speed and shifts worked with regard to work-family and family-work positive and negative spillover, marital communication style, job satisfaction and health...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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