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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074269/varied-exposure-to-carcinogenic-mutagenic-and-reprotoxic-cmr-chemicals-in-occupational-settings-in-france
#1
Nathalie Havet, Alexis Penot, Magali Morelle, Lionel Perrier, Barbara Charbotel, Béatrice Fervers
PURPOSE: To explore varied exposure to carcinogenic, mutagenic, and reprotoxic chemicals (CMR) for French employees. METHODS: Our study assessed data from the French national cross-sectional survey of occupational risks (SUMER) that was conducted in 2010 in a national representative sample of employees. We selected 28 CMR agents that were classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer or European Union as being known or presumed to have CMR potential in humans...
January 10, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042740/the-association-between-shift-work-and-treatment-seeking-migraine-in-denmark
#2
Gitte Sofie Jakobsen, Anne Matilde Timm, Åse Marie Hansen, Anne Helene Garde, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen
In Europe, the one-year prevalence of migraine is 14.9% and migraine is on the top-ten list of leading causes of years lost to disability. Sleep disturbances and irregular daily routines are considered triggers of migraine and these factors are well-known consequences of shift work. We studied the association between treatment-seeking migraine and shift work, categorised as fixed evening work, fixed night work and variable working hours with and without night work in a Danish working population of 5,872 participants...
January 2, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013579/a-rodent-model-of-night-shift-work-induces-short-term-and-enduring-sleep-and-electroencephalographic-disturbances
#3
Janne Grønli, Peter Meerlo, Torhild T Pedersen, Ståle Pallesen, Silje Skrede, Andrea R Marti, Jonathan P Wisor, Robert Murison, Tone E G Henriksen, Michael J Rempe, Jelena Mrdalj
Millions of people worldwide are working at times that overlap with the normal time for sleep. Sleep problems related to the work schedule may mediate the well-established relationship between shift work and increased risk for disease, occupational errors and accidents. Yet, our understanding of causality and the underlying mechanisms that explain this relationship is limited. We aimed to assess the consequences of night-shift work for sleep and to examine whether night-shift work-induced sleep disturbances may yield electrophysiological markers of impaired maintenance of the waking brain state...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006966/social-jetlag-among-night-workers-is-negatively-associated-with-the-frequency-of-moderate-or-vigorous-physical-activity-and-with-energy-expenditure-related-to-physical-activity
#4
Mariana Silva Alves, Raphael Zardini Andrade, Graciele Cristina Silva, Maria Carliana Mota, Sabrina Gonçalves Resende, Kely Raspante Teixeira, Bruna Fernandes Gonçalves, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
This cross-sectional study analyzed the association between physical activity (PA) and social jetlag (SJL) among shift workers. We evaluated 423 employees, aged between 18 and 60 years, who worked in a poultry-processing company in Brazil. Physical activity levels (PAL) were determined by the short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-SF). SJL was calculated as the absolute difference between the time of mid-sleep on work and free days. The percentage of workers insufficiently active was high on all shifts, with no significant differences between the 3 shifts...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973676/shift-workers-have-similar-leisure-time-physical-activity-levels-as-day-workers-but-are-more-sedentary-at-work
#5
Gerben Hulsegge, Nidhi Gupta, Andreas Holtermann, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Karin I Proper, Allard J van der Beek
Objective Physical inactivity has been hypothesized as an underlying factor for the association between shift work and adverse health outcomes. We compared leisure-time and occupational physical activity and sedentary behavior between day, night, and non-night shift workers. Methods We identified 612 day workers, 139 night shift workers and 61 non-night shift workers aged 18-65 years (54% men) in two Danish studies: the New method for Objective Measurements of physical Activity in Daily living (NOMAD) and the Danish Physical ACTivity cohort with Objective measurements (DPhacto) between 2011-2013...
December 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941163/effects-of-accumulating-work-shifts-on-performance-based-fatigue-using-multiple-strength-measurements-in-day-and-night-shift-nurses-and-aides
#6
Brennan J Thompson, Matt S Stock, Victoria K Banuelas
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effects of accumulating nursing work on maximal and rapid strength characteristics in female nurses and compare these effects in day versus night shift workers. BACKGROUND: Nurses exhibit among the highest nonfatal injury rates of all occupations, which may be a consequence of long, cumulative work shift schedules. Fatigue may accumulate across multiple shifts and lead to performance impairments, which in turn may be linked to injury risks...
December 9, 2016: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916861/sleep-duration-and-chronic-fatigue-are-differently-associated-with-the-dietary-profile-of-shift-workers
#7
Georgina Heath, Alison Coates, Charli Sargent, Jillian Dorrian
Shift work has been associated with dietary changes. This study examined factors associated with the dietary profiles of shift workers from several industries (n = 118, 57 male; age = 43.4 ± 9.9 years) employed on permanent mornings, nights, or rotating 8-h or 12-h shifts. The dietary profile was assessed using a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Shift-related (e.g., sleep duration and fatigue), work-related (e.g., industry), and demographic factors (e.g., BMI) were measured using a modified version of the Standard Shift work Index...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903012/-shift-work-among-men-and-women-on-the-threshold-to-higher-working-age-working-conditions-and-health-status
#8
C Leser, A Tisch, S Tophoven
Background: The number of older employees in shift and night work has increased significantly in recent years. Furthermore, the proportion of women in shift and night work has increased markedly. This is due to the aging workforce and the expansion of shift work in the tertiary sector. Previous research shows that shift work is often associated with health risks. Against this background, the aim of the present study is to examine the situation of working men and women on the threshold to higher working age with regard to the relationship between shift work and physical health...
November 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901222/workload-and-associated-factors-a-study-in-maritime-port-in-brazil
#9
Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz, Clarice Alves Bonow, Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida, Cynthia Fontella Sant'Anna, Leticia Silveira Cardoso
Objective: to identify the effect of the mental, physical, temporal, performance, total effort and frustration demands in the overall workload, and in the same way analyze the global burden of port labor and associated factors that contribute most to their decrease or increase. Method: a cross-sectional, quantitative study, developed with 232 dock workers. For data collection, a structured questionnaire with descriptive, occupational, smoking and illicit drug use variables was applied, as well as variables on the load on the tasks undertaken at work, based on the questionnaire NASA Task Load Index...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894317/the-impact-of-shift-and-night-work-on-health-related-quality-of-life-of-working-women-findings-from-the-korea-health-panel
#10
Woorim Kim, Tae Hyun Kim, Tae-Hoon Lee, Jae Woo Choi, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Night and shift work status has been associated with health related quality of life (HRQoL) in economically active women. This study aimed to investigate the association between night or shift work status and HRQoL of economically active women and to further analyze how marital status interplays in the objected relationship. METHODS: Data were from the Korea Health Panel, 2011 to 2013. A total of 2238 working women were included for analysis. Work status was categorized into day work, night work, and rotating shift work and its association with HRQoL, measured using the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) index, was investigated using the generalized estimating equation (GEE) model...
November 28, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890143/what-work-schedule-characteristics-constitute-a-problem-to-the-individual-a-representative-study-of-swedish-shift-workers
#11
Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Göran Kecklund
The purpose was to investigate which detailed characteristics of shift schedules that are seen as problems to those exposed. A representative national sample of non-day workers (N = 2031) in Sweden was asked whether they had each of a number of particular work schedule characteristics and, if yes, to what extent this constituted a "big problem in life". It was also inquired whether the individual's work schedules had negative consequences for fatigue, sleep and social life. The characteristic with the highest percentage reporting a big problem was "short notice (<1 month) of a new work schedule" (30...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872151/non-occupational-physical-activity-levels-of-shift-workers-compared-with-non-shift-workers
#12
Bette Loef, Gerben Hulsegge, G C Wanda Wendel-Vos, W M Monique Verschuren, Roel C H Vermeulen, Marije F Bakker, Allard J van der Beek, Karin I Proper
OBJECTIVES: Lack of physical activity (PA) has been hypothesised as an underlying mechanism in the adverse health effects of shift work. Therefore, our aim was to compare non-occupational PA levels between shift workers and non-shift workers. Furthermore, exposure-response relationships for frequency of night shifts and years of shift work regarding non-occupational PA levels were studied. METHODS: Data of 5980 non-shift workers and 532 shift workers from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Netherlands (EPIC-NL) were used in these cross-sectional analyses...
November 21, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853320/burnout-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-and-its-relation-to-healthcare-associated-infections
#13
D S Tawfik, J B Sexton, P Kan, P J Sharek, C C Nisbet, J Rigdon, H C Lee, J Profit
OBJECTIVE: To examine burnout prevalence among California neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and to test the relation between burnout and healthcare-associated infection (HAI) rates in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study of provider perceptions of burnout from 2073 nurse practitioners, physicians, registered nurses and respiratory therapists, using a validated four-item questionnaire based on the Maslach Burnout Inventory...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827302/short-rest-between-shift-intervals-increases-the-risk-of-sick-leave-a-prospective-registry-study
#14
Øystein Vedaa, Ståle Pallesen, Siri Waage, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Børge Sivertsen, Eilin Erevik, Erling Svensen, Anette Harris
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to use objective registry data to prospectively investigate the effects of quick returns (QR, <11 hours of rest between shifts) and night shifts on sick leave. METHODS: A total of 1538 nurses (response rate =41.5%) answered questionnaires on demographics and personality and provided consent to link this information to registry data on shift work and sick leave from employers' records. A multilevel negative binomial model was used to investigate the predictive effect of exposure to night shifts and QR every month for 1 year, on sick leave the following month...
November 8, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815430/shift-work-job-strain-and-changes-in-the-body-mass-index-among-women-a-prospective-study
#15
Kaori Fujishiro, Eileen Lividoti Hibert, Eva Schernhammer, Janet W Rich-Edwards
OBJECTIVES: The effects of job strain and shift work on weight gain have not been studied jointly. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies on shift work and weight gain have reported different results. This study examines potential effect modification by job strain on the link between shift work and weight gain, and concurrent and delayed effects of shift work on weight gain. METHODS: Data came from 52 622 women who participated in the Nurses' Health Study II, a prospective cohort study...
November 4, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810939/night-shift-and-rotating-shift-in-association-with-sleep-problems-burnout-and-minor-mental-disorder-in-male-and-female-employees
#16
Wan-Ju Cheng, Yawen Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Shift work is associated with adverse physical and psychological health outcomes. However, the independent health effects of night work and rotating shift on workers' sleep and mental health risks and the potential gender differences have not been fully evaluated. METHODS: We used data from a nationwide survey of representative employees of Taiwan in 2013, consisting of 16 440 employees. Participants reported their work shift patterns 1 week prior to the survey, which were classified into the four following shift types: fixed day, rotating day, fixed night and rotating night shifts...
November 3, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810127/-prevalence-of-symptoms-and-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-assessed-by-the-berlin-questionnaire-among-professionals-of-a-health-facility
#17
G Cadelis, O E Fayad Y Monteagudo
BACKGROUND: Few data exist on the prevalence of symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) among professionals of a health facility, or they often work in shift schedule and night. Under these conditions, an undetected OSAS may affect alertness and attention in professional acts. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of OSAS among professionals of a health facility. METHODS: It is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 773 participants working at the university hospital of Pointe-à-Pitre and volunteers to answer the Berlin questionnaire...
December 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761265/relationship-between-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-and-night-shift-work
#18
So-Hyun Moon, Bum-Joon Lee, Seong-Jin Kim, Hwan-Cheol Kim
BACKGROUND: Night shift work has well-known adverse effects on health. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between thyroid diseases and night shift work. This study aimed to examine night shift workers and their changes in thyroid stimulating hormones (TSH) levels over time. METHODS: Medical check-up data (2011-2015) were obtained from 967 female workers at a university hospital in Incheon, Korea. Data regarding TSH levels were extracted from the records, and 2015 was used as a reference point to determine night shift work status...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751677/napping-a-public-health-issue-from-epidemiological-to-laboratory-studies
#19
REVIEW
Brice Faraut, Thomas Andrillon, Marie-Françoise Vecchierini, Damien Leger
Sleep specialists have proposed measures to counteract the negative short- and long-term consequences of sleep debt, and some have suggested the nap as a potential and powerful "public health tool". Here, we address this countermeasure aspect of napping viewed as an action against sleep deprivation rather than an action associated with poor health. We review the physiological functions that have been associated positively with napping in both public health and clinical settings (sleep-related accidents, work and school, and cardiovascular risk) and in laboratory-based studies with potential public health issues (cognitive performance, stress, immune function and pain sensitivity)...
September 13, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721011/the-association-between-anxiety-hunger-the-enjoyment-of-eating-foods-and-the-satiety-after-food-intake-in-individuals-working-a-night-shift-compared-with-after-taking-a-nocturnal-sleep-a-prospective-and-observational-study
#20
Ane Andrade Santa Cecília Silva, Tássia do Vale Cardoso Lopes, Kely Raspante Teixeira, Jordane Amaral Mendes, Matheus Eduardo de Souza Borba, Maria Carliana Mota, Jim Waterhouse, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
Subjective responses to meals are altered by shortened sleep time and anxiety state, but this effect has been poorly studied in shift workers - who act as a typical model concerning sleep restriction and present high levels of anxiety. The objective of this study was to compare subjective perceptions of meals and the levels of anxiety in the same subjects after working night shifts and after taking a nocturnal sleep, and to investigate associations between the responses to meals and the levels of anxiety under these two conditions...
January 1, 2017: Appetite
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