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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092712/-global-bioethics-and-biocultural-ethics
#1
Ricardo Rozzi
The biocultural ethic recovers an understanding of the vital links between the life habits of the coinhabitants (humans and other-than-human) that share a habitat. The ″3Hs″ formal framework of the biocultural ethics provides a conceptual and methodological tool to understand and to better manage complex eco-social or biocultural systems in heterogeneous regions of the planet. From the global bioethics originally proposed by V.R. Potter, the integration of theory and praxis promoted by Alfredo Pradenas in the Bioethics Society of Chile, and the conceptual framework of biocultural ethics (including traditions of philosophical thought, scientific and Amerindians), I develop a comparative analysis of: 1...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074464/investigation-of-hand-function-among-children-diagnosed-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-with-upper-extremity-trauma-history
#2
Meral Huri, Sedef Şahin, Hülya Kayıhan
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to compare hand function in autistic children with history of upper extremity trauma with that of autistic children those who do not have history of trauma. METHODS: The study group included total of 65 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and was divided into 2 groups: children with trauma history (Group I) and control group (Group II) (Group I: n=28; Group II: n=37). Hand function was evaluated with 9-Hole Peg Test and Jebsen Hand Function Test...
November 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049217/-the-most-cited-articles-in-volume-41-of-psychiatrische-praxis-congratulations
#3
Philipp Reimann, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965279/sex-differences-in-prodromal-symptoms-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-patients-aged-55%C3%A2-years-or-younger
#4
Nadia A Khan, Stella S Daskalopoulou, Igor Karp, Mark J Eisenberg, Roxanne Pelletier, Meytal Avgil Tsadok, Kaberi Dasgupta, Colleen M Norris, Louise Pilote
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that young women are at highest risk for failing to recognise early symptoms of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). OBJECTIVES: To examine sex differences in prodromal symptoms occurring days and weeks prior to the acute presentation of ACS. We also examined health-seeking behaviours and prehospital management in young patients. METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional analysis of 1145 patients (368 women) hospitalised for ACS, aged ≤55 years, from the GENdEr and Sex DetermInantS of Cardiovascular Disease: From Bench to Beyond Premature Acute Coronary SYndrome cohort study (January 2009-April 2013)...
December 13, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964726/cognition-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Israel Berger, Sunny Wu, Philip Masson, Patrick J Kelly, Fiona A Duthie, William Whiteley, Daniel Parker, David Gillespie, Angela C Webster
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is common in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Subtle changes can impact engagement with healthcare, comprehension, decision-making, and medication adherence. We aimed to systematically summarise evidence of cognitive changes in CKD. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE (March 2016) for cross-sectional, cohort or randomised studies that measured cognitive function in people with CKD (PROSPERO, registration number CRD42014015226)...
December 14, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930399/practical-discourse-revisited-hermeneutics-at-the-intersection-of-philosophy-and-nursing
#6
Stephen M Padgett
Three early papers by Janice Thompson-Practical Discourse, Critical Scholarship, and Hermeneutic Inquiry-are examined in reference to the historical context of the time (1985-1990), and implications for current scholarship. Hermeneutic philosophy has been neglected in recent years, overshadowed by its weaker cousin phenomenology. I argue that renewed attention to hermeneutics would help us focus on the "situatedness" of nursing scholars, the class politics of academia, and a better balance in interpretative work between faith and suspicion...
December 6, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929229/the-mental-status-examination
#7
David Norris, Molly S Clark, Sonya Shipley
The mental status examination includes general observations made during the clinical encounter, as well as specific testing based on the needs of the patient and physician. Multiple cognitive functions may be tested, including attention, executive functioning, gnosia, language, memory, orientation, praxis, prosody, thought content, thought processes, and visuospatial proficiency. Proprietary and open-source clinical examination tools are available, such as the Mini-Mental State Examination and the Mini-Cog...
October 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925088/interdisciplinary-care-praxis-in-groups-of-people-living-with-fibromyalgia
#8
Nathália Aparecida Costa Guedes Miranda, Lina Márcia Miguéis Berardinelli, Vera Maria Sabóia, Irma da Silva Brito, Rosângela da Silva Santos
Objectives: to analyze the integrated community therapy model for the empowerment of people living with fibromyalgia and discuss the impact of this interdisciplinary intervention in the health-disease process and self-care. Method: a participatory-approach qualitative study, developed in 2015 with 11 participants at the Laboratory of Physiology Applied to Physical Education of the Rio de Janeiro State University, RJ. Data production comprised World Café, participant observation and semi-structured interview...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917642/can-nanotechnology-improve-cancer-diagnosis-through-mirna-detection
#9
Roberto Fiammengo
miRNAs are key regulators of gene expression, and alterations in their expression levels correlate with the onset and progression of cancer. Although miRNAs have been proposed as biomarkers for cancer diagnosis, their application in routine clinical praxis is yet to come. Current quantification strategies have limitation, and there is a great interest in developing innovative ones. Since a few years, nanotechnology-based approaches for miRNA quantification are emerging at fast pace but there is urgent need to go beyond the proof-of-concept stage...
January 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909252/nurses-as-antibiotic-brokers-institutionalized-praxis-in-the-hospital
#10
Alex Broom, Jennifer Broom, Emma Kirby, Graham Scambler
We are likely moving rapidly toward a post-antibiotic era, as a result of escalating antimicrobial resistance, rapidly declining antibiotic production and profligate overuse. Hitherto research has almost exclusively focused on doctors' prescribing, with nurses' roles in antibiotic use remaining virtually invisible. Drawing on interviews with 30 nurses, we focus on nurses as brokers of doctors' antibiotic decisions, nursing capacity to challenge doctors' decisions, and, "back stage" strategies for circumnavigating organizational constraints...
November 30, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895578/cognitive-performance-patterns-in-healthy-individuals-with-substantia-nigra-hyperechogenicity-and-early-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Rezzak Yilmaz, Susanne Gräber, Benjamin Roeben, Ulrike Suenkel, Anna-Katharina von Thaler, Sebastian Heinzel, Florian G Metzger, Gerhard W Eschweiler, Walter Maetzler, Daniela Berg, Inga Liepelt-Scarfone
Introduction: Hyperechogenicity of the substantia nigra (SN+) is a risk marker for Parkinson's disease (PD) which can be detected before the diagnosis. In healthy individuals, SN+ has been associated with slight deficits in specific cognitive functions, suggesting cognitive impairment as a possible pre-diagnostic marker for PD. However, the pattern of cognitive deficits associated with SN+ has not yet been compared with those present in PD. Methods: Data of 262 healthy individuals with normal echogenicity (SN-) and 48 healthy individuals with SN+ were compared with 82 early stage PD patients using the "Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's disease" test battery...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881073/bilingualism-in-older-mexican-american-immigrants-is-associated-with-higher-scores-on-cognitive-screening
#12
Claudia Padilla, Mario F Mendez, Elvira E Jimenez, Edmond Teng
BACKGROUND: Bilingualism may protect against cognitive aging and delay the onset of dementia. However, studies comparing monolinguals and bilinguals on such metrics have produced inconsistent results complicated by confounding variables and methodological concerns. METHODS: We addressed this issue by comparing cognitive performance in a more culturally homogeneous cohort of older Spanish-speaking monolingual (n = 289) and Spanish-English bilingual (n = 339) Mexican-American immigrants from the Sacramento Longitudinal Study on Aging...
November 24, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873220/examining-how-and-why-to-engage-practitioners-from-across-the-learning-landscape-in-the-research-enterprise-proposal-for-phron%C3%A3%C2%AAtic-research-on-education
#13
Eugene Matusov
Educational practitioners are often reluctant, if not actively resistant, to their participation in production and consumption of educational research. Based on my research experience with educational practitioners, I try to deconstruct this phenomenon using dialogic Bakhtinian and Aristotelian sociocultural frameworks. I consider two major related breakdowns in the educational practice: 1) a lack of self-correcting process in the educational practice, while reliance on accountability policy to achieve the practice quality, and 2) a breakdown between educational research and educational practice...
November 21, 2016: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861718/effect-of-cognitively-stimulating-activities-on-symptom-management-of-delirium-superimposed-on-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Ann Kolanowski, Donna Fick, Mark Litaker, Paula Mulhall, Linda Clare, Nikki Hill, Jacqueline Mogle, Malaz Boustani, David Gill, Andrea Yevchak-Sillner
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cognitively stimulating activities would reduce duration and severity of delirium and improve cognitive and physical function to a greater extent than usual care. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Eight post-acute care (PAC) facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults with dementia and delirium (N = 283). INTERVENTION: Research staff provided cognitively stimulating activities daily for up to 30 days...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859407/empowerment-praxis-community-organizing-to-redress-systemic-health-disparities
#15
Jason A Douglas, Cheryl T Grills, Sandra Villanueva, Andrew M Subica
Social and environmental determinants of childhood obesity present a public health dilemma, particularly in low-income communities of color. Case studies of two community-based organizations participating in the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Communities Creating Healthy Environments (CCHE) childhood obesity initiative demonstrate multilevel, culturally situated community organizing strategies to address the root causes of this public health disparity. Informed by a 3-lens prescription-Social Justice, Culture-Place, and Organizational Capacity-contained in the CCHE Change Model and Evaluation Frame, we present examples of individual, organizational, and community empowerment to redress systemic inequities that manifest in poor health outcomes for people of color...
December 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858255/cerebellum-from-j-e-purkyn%C3%A4-up-to-contemporary-research
#16
REVIEW
František Vožeh
Jan. Evangelista Purkyně, the most famous among Czech physiologists, was the first who identified and described the largest nerve cells in the cerebellum. The most distinguished researchers of the nervous system then recommended naming these neurons Purkinje cells in his honor. Through experiments by Purkinje and his followers, the function of the cerebellum was properly attributed to the precision of motor movements and skills. This traditional concept was valid until early 1990s, when it was readjusted and replenished with new and important findings...
November 17, 2016: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847706/reliability-and-validity-of-korean-version-of-apraxia-screen-of-tulia-k-ast
#17
Soo Jin Kim, You-Na Yang, Jong Won Lee, Jin-Youn Lee, Eunhwa Jeong, Bo-Ram Kim, Jongmin Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of Korean version of AST (K-AST) as a bedside screening test of apraxia in patients with stroke for early and reliable detection. METHODS: AST was translated into Korean, and the translated version received authorization from the author of AST. The performances of K-AST in 26 patients (21 males, 5 females; mean age 65.42±17.31 years) with stroke (23 ischemic, 3 hemorrhagic) were videotaped. To test the reliability and validity of K-AST, the recorded performances were assessed by two physiatrists and two occupational therapists twice at a 1-week interval...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822098/the-danish-multiple-sclerosis-treatment-register
#18
REVIEW
Melinda Magyari, Nils Koch-Henriksen, Per Soelberg Sørensen
AIM OF THE DATABASE: The Danish Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Register (DMSTR) serves as a clinical quality register, enabling the health authorities to monitor the quality of the disease-modifying treatment, and it is an important data source for epidemiological research. STUDY POPULATION: The DMSTR includes all patients with multiple sclerosis who had been treated with disease-modifying drugs since 1996. At present, more than 8,400 patients have been registered in this database...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821948/the-correlation-between-proprioception-and-handwriting-legibility-in-children
#19
So Young Hong, Nam-Hae Jung, Kyeong Mi Kim
[Purpose] This study investigated the association between proprioception, including joint position sense and kinetic sense, and handwriting legibility in healthy children. [Subjects and Methods] Assessment of joint position sense, kinetic sense, and handwriting legibility was conducted for 19 healthy children. Joint position sense was assessed by asking the children to flex their right elbow between 30° to 110° while blindfolded. The range of elbow movement was analyzed with Compact Measuring System 10 for 3D motion Analysis...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818055/a-promising-magnetic-sers-immunosensor-for-sensitive-detection-of-avian-influenza-virus
#20
Yang Sun, Li Xu, Fengdi Zhang, Zhigang Song, Yunwen Hu, Yongjia Ji, Jiayin Shen, Ben Li, Hongzhou Lu, Haifeng Yang
Avian influenza viruses infect a great number of global populations every year and can lead to severe epidemics with high morbidity and mortality. Facile, rapid and sensitive detection of viruses is very crucial to control the viral spread at its early stage. In this work, we developed a novel magnetic immunosensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy to detect intact but inactivated influenza virus H3N2 (A/Shanghai/4084T/2012) by constructing a sandwich complex consisting of SERS tags, target influenza viruses and highly SERS-active magnetic supporting substrates...
March 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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