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Wendy Henwood, Helen Moewaka Barnes, Troy Brockbank, Waikarere Gregory, Kaio Hooper, Tim McCreanor
In Aotearoa New Zealand, Māori aspirations around land and water conflict with settler interests. As indigenous people, Māori struggle to enact agency over resources, despite Treaty (Treaty of Waitangi/Te Tiriti o Waitangi is an 1840 agreement between Maori and the crown) settlement processes returning some lands. Returns are complex since changes wrought by dispossession may be extreme, requiring multiple stakeholder engagements. Tāngonge, a heavily modified wetland, in northern Aotearoa New Zealand has been the subject of iwi (tribe or tribes) claims since the 1890s...
October 21, 2016: EcoHealth
P Scarpa, A Toraldo, Valeria Peviani, G Bottini
A pediatric cognitive screening tool has been shaped in three versions according to school class to assess spatial and temporal orientation, language, reading, writing, drawing, number knowledge, memory, praxis and executive functions in children aged 6-13. It has been standardized on an Italian sample of 807 children. Raw scores were adjusted for critical variables (child's age and parents' education) and a cut-off for the resulting global cognitive score was made available for clinical practice. In line with previous research, adapting the Mini-Mental State Examination to pediatric neuropsychological assessment turned out to be useful in estimating global cognitive functioning in children...
October 21, 2016: Neurological Sciences
Eva Jangland, Pia Yngman Uhlin, Erebouni Arakelian
The position of Nurse Practitioner is a new role in Nordic countries. The transition from a registered nurse to the Nurse Practitioner role has been reported to be a personal challenge. This study, guided by the Nordic theoretical model for use in the education of advanced practice nurses, represents a unique opportunity to describe this transition for newly graduated Nurse Practitioners in an interprofessional surgical care team in Sweden. The aim was to explore how the first Nurse Practitioners in surgical care experienced the transition into a new role and what competences they used in the team...
October 15, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Werner Bohleber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Alfred Lorenzer
Freud held that the repressed unconscious arose from the separation of thing-presentations from word-presentations. The author divests these terms of the implication that they are objectively existing entities by citing some of Freud's other texts. Thing-presentations are memory-traces of (as yet) non-language-based interactions - that is, precipitates of actions that have been experienced and models of future actions. Scenic understanding, which, on the basis of participation by the therapist in the patient's play, treats all material presented by the patient by an approach analogous to the interpretation of dreams, is therefore the royal road to the unconscious...
October 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Samuel A Neymotin, Benjamin A Suter, Salvador Dura-Bernal, Gordon M G Shepherd, Michele Migliore, William W Lytton
Corticospinal neurons (SPI), thick-tufted pyramidal neurons in motor cortex layer 5B that project caudally via the medullary pyramids, display distinct class-specific electrophysiological properties in vitro: strong sag with hyperpolarization, lack of adaptation, and a nearly linear frequency-current (FI) relationship. We used our electrophysiological data to produce a pair of large archives of SPI neuron computer models in two model classes: 1. Detailed models with full reconstruction; 2. Simplified models with 6 compartments...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
Changtae Hahn, Chang-Uk Lee, Wang Yeon Won, Soo-Hyun Joo, Hyun Kook Lim
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate thalamic shape alterations and their relationships with various episodic memory impairments in subjects with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). METHODS: We compared volumes and morphological alterations of the thalamus between aMCI subjects and healthy controls. In addition, we investigated the correlation between thalamic deformations and various memory impairments in aMCI subjects using a comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
September 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
Álvaro Franco-Giraldo
This article presents a Latin American vision of global health from a counterhegemonic perspective, applicable to various countries of the world in similar circumstances. It begins by reviewing several concepts and trends in global health and outlining the differences between conventional public health, international health, and global health, but without seeing them as antagonistic, instead situating them in a model that is based on global health and also includes the other two disciplines. It is understood that global factors influenced earlier theories, schemes, and models of classic international health...
February 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Jessica C Hodgson, Rebecca J Hirst, John M Hudson
Commonly displayed functional asymmetries such as hand dominance and hemispheric speech lateralisation are well researched in adults. However there is debate about when such functions become lateralised in the typically developing brain. This study examined whether patterns of speech laterality and hand dominance were related and whether they varied with age in typically developing children. 148 children aged 3-10 years performed an electronic pegboard task to determine hand dominance; a subset of 38 of these children also underwent functional Transcranial Doppler (fTCD) imaging to derive a lateralisation index (LI) for hemispheric activation during speech production using an animation description paradigm...
September 29, 2016: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Hiromichi Hagihara, Saori Shimo, Kanae Matsushima, Toshihiro Kato
Ideation is an essential central concept in sensory integration theory. The Test of Ideational Praxis (TIP) (May-Benson, ) is the first instrument developed to specifically assess children's ideational abilities but qualitative differences of its performance are not well examined. The purpose of the present study was to explore the components of ideational abilities that influenced the TIP score or its developmental change. The TIP was administered to 119 Japanese preschoolers, aged 3-6 years. The demonstrated actions were categorized based on the scoring criteria, and scores were calculated by summing the number of actions...
October 13, 2016: Occupational Therapy International
Susanne Salmela, Camilla Koskinen, Katie Eriksson
AIMS: To identify the distinctive foundations of the care culture and how nurse leaders (NL) can manage and strengthen these in a quest for ethically sustainable caring cultures. BACKGROUND: Sustainability presupposes an ethical leadership, a management of the good care and a well-educated staff, but research on NLs as managers of ethically sustainable caring cultures is not available. DESIGN: The study has a quantitative design with elements of a qualitative research approach...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Jess E Reynolds, Sophie Kerrigan, Catherine Elliott, Brendan S Lay, Melissa K Licari
It has been hypothesized that deficits in imitation, linked to abnormal functioning of the mirror neuron system (MNS), may contribute to the motor impairments associated with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). The authors aimed to examine imitation of complex novel postures and sequences of gestures in children with and without probable DCD (pDCD), using the postural praxis and sequencing praxis subtests of the Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests (Ayres, 1989 ). Participants were 29 boys with pDCD between 6...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
Peter Lekkas, Catherine Paquet, Natasha J Howard, Mark Daniel
Place and health are inextricably entwined. Whilst insights have been gained into the associations between places, such as neighbourhoods, and health, the understanding of these relationships remains only partial. One of the reasons for this relates to time and change and the inter-relationships between the dynamic nature of both neighbourhoods and health. This paper argues that the lifecourse of place can be used as a conceptual framework to understand the evolution and ongoing development of neighbourhoods, and their impact on the geographies of health, past, present and future...
September 17, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
J Hara, W R Shankle, L W Barrentine, M V Curole
OBJECTIVES: Studies have produced conflicting results assessing hyperhomocysteinemia (HYH) treatment with B vitamins in patients with normal cognition, Alzheimer's disease and related disorders (ADRD). This study examined the effect of HYH management with L-methylfolate (LMF), methylcobalamin (MeCbl; B12), and N-acetyl-cysteine (CFLN: Cerefolin®/Cerefolin-NAC®) on cognitive decline. DESIGN: Prospective, case-control study of subjects followed longitudinally. SETTING: Outpatient clinic for cognitive disorders...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Mário J D S Santos
BACKGROUND: The option of a planned home birth defies medical and social normativity across countries. In Denmark, despite the dramatic decline in the home birth rates between 1960 and 1980, the right to choose the place of birth was preserved. Little has been produced documenting this process. AIM: To present and discuss Susanne Houd's reflection on the history and social dynamics of home birth in Denmark, based in an in-depth interview. METHODS: This paper is part of wider Short Term Scientific Mission (STSM), in which this interview was framed as oral history...
October 1, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Lyn Pleger, Fritz Sager
Evaluations can only serve as a neutral evidence base for policy decision-making as long as they have not been altered along non-scientific criteria. Studies show that evaluators are repeatedly put under pressure to deliver results in line with given expectations. The study of pressure and influence to misrepresent findings is hence an important research strand for the development of evaluation praxis. A conceptual challenge in the area of evaluation ethics research is the fact that pressure can be not only negative, but also positive...
September 18, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
Roxanne Pelletier, Jin Choi, Nicholas Winters, Mark J Eisenberg, Simon L Bacon, Jafna Cox, Stella S Daskalopoulou, Kim L Lavoie, Igor Karp, Avi Shimony, Derek So, George Thanassoulis, Louise Pilote
BACKGROUND: Over past decades, the incidence of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has increased in young women, and greater mortality rates after discharge were observed among young women vs men. We revisited this issue with contemporary data from the Gender and Sex Determinants of Cardiovascular Disease: From Bench to Beyond Premature Acute Coronary Syndrome (GENESIS-PRAXY), a multicentre prospective cohort study. METHODS: One thousand two hundred thirteen patients were enrolled in GENESIS-PRAXY from 26 centres across Canada, the United States, and Switzerland between January 2009 and April 2013...
September 21, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Evelyne Durocher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Marília Daniella Machado Araújo Cavalcante, Liliana Müller Larocca, Maria Marta Nolasco Chaves, Márcia Regina Cubas, Laura Christina Macedo Piosiadlo, Verônica de Azevedo Mazza
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the use of nursing terminology as an instrument of the nursing work process in Collective Health. METHOD: Exploratory case study. For data collection was conducted a group interview with 24 nurses working in health units of a municipality in south central Paraná, Brazil. Data were analyzed in the light of interdependence between the structural, particular and singular dimensions contained in the Theory of Nursing Praxis Intervention in Collective Health...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Aude Paquet, Bertrand Olliac, Manuel-Pierre Bouvard, Bernard Golse, Laurence Vaivre-Douret
BACKGROUND: Altered motor performance has been described in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) with disturbances in walking; posture, coordination, or arm movements, but some individuals with ASD show no impairment of motor skills. The neuro-developmental processes that underpin the performance of neuro-psychomotor functions have not been widely explored, nor is it clear whether there are neuro-psychomotor functions specifically affected in ASD. Our objective was to focus on the semiology of motor disorders among children with ASD using a neuro-developmental assessment tool...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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