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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767348/-dynamic-scheimpflug-analyzer-corvis-st-for-measurement-of-corneal-biomechanical-parameters-a-praxis-related-overview
#1
REVIEW
R Herber, N Terai, K R Pillunat, F Raiskup, L E Pillunat, E Spörl
BACKGROUND: Topographic and tomographic parameters alone are often not sufficient for early detection of corneal changes. Pathological alterations in the microstructure of the cornea occur before changes in topography and tomography can be detected. Biomechanical parameters show a strong correlation with microscopic structural changes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to gain information about the microscopic structure and consistency of the cornea by measuring biomechanical parameters...
May 16, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761335/-biomarkers-and-atrial-fibrillation-prediction-of-recurrences-and-thromboembolic-events-after-rhythm-control-management
#2
REVIEW
Jelena Kornej, Katja Schumacher, Daniela Husser, Gerhard Hindricks
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical praxis and is associated with an increased risk for cardio- and cerebrovascular complications leading to an increased mortality. Catheter ablation represents one of the most important and efficient therapy strategies in AF patients. Nevertheless, the high incidence of arrhythmia recurrences after catheter ablation leads to repeated procedures and higher treatment costs. Recently, several scores had been developed to predict rhythm outcomes after catheter ablation...
May 14, 2018: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740366/human-consciousness-where-is-it-from-and-what-is-it-for
#3
REVIEW
Boris Kotchoubey
Consciousness is not a process in the brain but a kind of behavior that, of course, is controlled by the brain like any other behavior. Human consciousness emerges on the interface between three components of animal behavior: communication, play, and the use of tools. These three components interact on the basis of anticipatory behavioral control, which is common for all complex forms of animal life. All three do not exclusively distinguish our close relatives, i.e., primates, but are broadly presented among various species of mammals, birds, and even cephalopods; however, their particular combination in humans is unique...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727886/-food-allergy-theory-and-praxis
#4
Uta Jappe
Allergies manifest differently in every patient: Even when the same allergen source is the causing agent, means of sensitization and complexity of symptoms can vary strongly across patients. This often complicates the prevention, diagnostics and therapy of food allergies - or even makes them impossible. This article gives an overview of the underlying immunological principles of food-allergies, as well as of the current therapeutic and diagnostic approaches.
May 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726775/parietal-association-deficits-in-patients-harboring-parietal-lobe-gliomas-a-prospective-study
#5
Evangelia Liouta, George Stranjalis, Aristotelis V Kalyvas, Christos Koutsarnakis, Stavroula Pantinaki, Faidon Liakos, Spyros Komaitis, Lampis C Stavrinou
OBJECTIVE Although the parietal lobe is a common site for glioma formation, current literature is scarce, consists of retrospective studies, and lacks consistency with regard to the incidence, nature, and severity of parietal association deficits (PADs). The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics and incidence of PADs in patients suffering from parietal lobe gliomas through a prospective study and a battery of comprehensive neuropsychological tests. METHODS Between 2012 and 2016 the authors recruited 38 patients with glioma confined in the parietal lobe...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723135/exploring-the-self-compassion-of-health-care-social-workers-how-do-they-fare
#6
Joann Lianekhammy, J Jay Miller, Jacquelyn Lee, Natalie Pope, Sheila Barnhart, Erlene Grise-Owens
Indubitably, the challenges facing health-care social workers are becoming increasingly complex. Whilst these problematic professional circumstances compound the need for self-compassion among health-care social workers, few studies, if any, have explicitly examined self-compassion among this practitioner group. This cross-sectional study explored self-compassion among a sample of practitioners (N = 138) in one southeastern state. Results indicate that health-care social workers in this sample engage in self-compassion only moderately...
May 3, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722099/deficient-supplementary-motor-area-at-rest-neural-basis-of-limb-kinetic-deficits-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Stefanie Kübel, Katharina Stegmayer, Tim Vanbellingen, Sebastian Walther, Stephan Bohlhalter
Parkinson's disease (PD) patients frequently suffer from limb kinetic apraxia (LKA) affecting quality of life. LKA denotes an impairment of precise and independent finger movements beyond bradykinesia, which is reliably assessed by coin rotation (CR) task. BOLD fMRI detected activation of a left inferior parietal-premotor praxis network in PD during CR. Here, we explored which network site is most critical for LKA using arterial spin labeling (ASL). Based on a hierarchical model, we hypothesized that LKA would predominantly affect the functional integrity of premotor areas including supplementary motor areas (SMA)...
May 2, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717989/-screening-for-tuberculosis-before-tnf%C3%AE-treatment-in-routine-rheumatic-care-in-iceland-result-from-the-nationwide-icebio-registry
#8
Thorir Mar Bjorgulfsson, Gerdur Gröndal, Thorsteinn Blondal, Bjorn Gudbjornsson
INTRODUCTION: Treatment with TNFα inhibitors (TNFαi) greatly increases the risk of reactivation of tuberculosis in rheumatic patients. Therefore, it is recommended to screen patients for tuberculosis before initiating TNFαi treatment. Iceland has a low prevalence of tuberculosis and BCG vaccination is not routine praxis. The purpose of this study was to review the results from TB-screening in routine praxis and to analyze whether changes in the screening process are to be recommended...
May 2018: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694531/-psychosocial-support-center-and-territory-human-space-communication-and-interdisciplinarity
#9
Michelle de Almeida Cézar, Walter Melo
The psychiatric reform is addressed from a theoretical and conceptual perspective through the concept of territory, which is analyzed as human space, as communication, and as related to the way interdisciplinary knowledge is produced. These concepts (territory and interdisciplinarity) were identified in a semistructured interview with the psychiatrist and professor Pedro Gabriel Delgado, who classified them as operative. We conclude that this understanding enables theory and practice to be configured as praxis, producing meanings and transformations and enabling close ties between the functioning of community-based services and the transformation of the relationship between insanity and society...
March 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682235/the-influence-of-education-on-performance-of-adults-on-the-clock-drawing-test
#10
Ísis Franci Cavalcanti de Noronha, Simone Dos Santos Barreto, Karin Zazo Ortiz
The Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is an important instrument for screening individuals suspected of having cognitive impairment. Objective: To determine the influence of education on the performance of healthy adults on the CDT. Methods: A total of 121 drawings by healthy adults without neurological complaints or impairments were analysed. Participants were stratified by educational level into 4 subgroups: 27 illiterate adults, 34 individuals with 1-4 years of formal education, 30 with 5-11 years, and 30 adults with >11 years' formal education...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671643/differences-in-praxis-performance-and-receptive-language-during-fingerspelling-between-deaf-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Anjana N Bhat, Sudha M Srinivasan, Colleen Woxholdt, Aaron Shield
Children with autism spectrum disorder present with a variety of social communication deficits such as atypicalities in social gaze and verbal and non-verbal communication delays as well as perceptuo-motor deficits like motor incoordination and dyspraxia. In this study, we had the unique opportunity to study praxis performance in deaf children with and without autism spectrum disorder in a fingerspelling context using American Sign Language. A total of 11 deaf children with autism spectrum disorder and 11 typically developing deaf children aged between 5 and 14 years completed a fingerspelling task...
April 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670545/effect-of-the-nu-age-diet-on-cognitive-functioning-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Anna Marseglia, Weili Xu, Laura Fratiglioni, Cristina Fabbri, Agnes A M Berendsen, Agata Bialecka-Debek, Amy Jennings, Rachel Gillings, Nathalie Meunier, Elodie Caumon, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Barbara Pietruszka, Lisette C P G M De Groot, Aurelia Santoro, Claudio Franceschi
Background: Findings from animal and epidemiological research support the potential neuroprotective benefits from healthy diets. However, to establish diet-neuroprotective causal relations, evidence from dietary intervention studies is needed. NU-AGE is the first multicenter intervention assessing whether a diet targeting health in aging can counteract the age-related physiological changes in different organs, including the brain. In this study, we specifically investigated the effects of NU-AGE's dietary intervention on age-related cognitive decline...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617168/what-neuropsychological-functions-best-discriminate-performance-in-adults-post-stroke
#13
Jaqueline de Carvalho Rodrigues, Wagner de Lara Machado, Denise Ren da Fontoura, Andrea Garcia Almeida, Rosane Brondani, Sheila Ouriques Martins, Denise Ruschel Bandeira, Jerusa Fumagalli de Salles
This study aimed to develop a short version of an instrument to detect cognitive impairment in stroke patients, investigate which cognitive dimensions best discriminate between stroke patients and healthy adults and to graphically analyze the relationships among the neuropsychological variables and groups. This pilot study included 94 adults (49 post-stroke and 45 neurologically healthy) who answered the Brief Neuropsychological Assessment Battery NEUPSILIN for patients with expressive aphasia (NEUPSILIN-Af) to assess orientation, perception, memory, praxis, executive functions, oral language, and academic achievement (written language and arithmetic)...
April 4, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605507/developmental-dysgraphia-is-often-associated-with-minor-neurological-dysfunction-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-dcd
#14
Clémence Lopez, Cherhazad Hemimou, Bernard Golse, Laurence Vaivre-Douret
OBJECTIVES: Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) are particularly affected by handwriting disorders, which remain poorly understood and are not clearly defined. The aim of our study is to provide a better understanding of handwriting disorders, and specifically of dysgraphia in children with DCD. METHODS: Sixty-five children with DCD (5-15 years), enrolled according to DSM-5, were assessed with handwriting testing and standardized assessments of neuropsychological, neurovisual, MRI and neuropsychomotor functions, with special attention paid to muscular tone examination...
March 28, 2018: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605054/investigating-black-white-disparities-in-gynecologic-oncology-theories-conceptual-models-and-applications
#15
REVIEW
Kemi M Doll
Within gynecologic oncology are two of the top five widest Black-White mortality gaps among all cancer diagnoses in the United States. A rich body of work from the social sciences, including anthropology, sociology and social epidemiology, have broadened the understanding of and research approaches to the study of health and healthcare inequity experienced by Black Americans. Yet, these intellectual advancements in understanding are virtually absent from the gynecologic oncology literature. The goal of this analytic essay will be to introduce three current frameworks of studying racial inequity: The Ecosocial Theory of Disease Distribution, The Fundamental Cause Theory, and The Public Health Critical Race Praxis...
April 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604485/sensory-motor-performance-in-seven-year-old-children-born-extremely-preterm
#16
Piia Lönnberg, Ulla Niutanen, L Diane Parham, Elina Wolford, Sture Andersson, Marjo Metsäranta, Aulikki Lano
BACKGROUND: Children born preterm are prone to motor problems. Research on their motor performance has, however, rarely been integrated with sensory processing. AIM: To examine sensory-motor performance in children born extremely preterm (EPT). METHOD: In a longitudinal prospective cohort study, 49 EPT (born <28 gestational weeks; 32 boys and 17 girls) and 33 term-born (16 boys and 17 girls) children were assessed with six individual subtests from the Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests at the age of 7...
March 28, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600247/the-effects-of-combinations-of-cognitive-impairment-and-pre-frailty-on-adverse-outcomes-from-a-prospective-community-based-cohort-study-of-older-chinese-people
#17
Ruby Yu, John E Morley, Timothy Kwok, Jason Leung, Osbert Cheung, Jean Woo
Objectives: To examine how various combinations of cognitive impairment (overall performance and specific domains) and pre-frailty predict risks of adverse outcomes; and to determine whether cognitive frailty may be defined as the combination of cognitive impairment and the presence of pre-frailty. Design: Community-based cohort study. Participants: Chinese men and women ( n  = 3,491) aged 65+ without dementia, Parkinson's disease and/or frailty at baseline...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600243/reflections-of-homeless-women-and-women-with-mental-health-challenges-on-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-decisions-power-trust-and-communication-with-care-providers
#18
Catherine Claire Moravac
This study conducted in Toronto, Canada, explored the perceptions of women living in homeless shelters and women with severe mental health challenges about the factors influencing their decision-making processes regarding breast and cervical cancer screening. Twenty-six in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted. The objectives of this research were (i) to provide new insights about women's decision-making processes, (ii) to describe the barriers to and facilitators for breast and cervical cancer screening, and (iii) to offer recommendations for future outreach, education, and screening initiatives developed specifically for under/never-screened marginalized women living in urban centers...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599390/use-of-neuropsychological-tests-for-the-diagnosis-of-dementia-a-survey-of-italian-memory-clinics
#19
Alessandra Di Pucchio, Nicola Vanacore, Fabrizio Marzolini, Eleonora Lacorte, Teresa Di Fiandra, Marina Gasparini
AIM: Providing an overview of the neuropsychological tests used in Italian memory clinics (defined as Centers for Cognitive Disorders and Dementias-CCDD in Italy) for the diagnosis of cognitive disorders and dementias. METHODS: A total of 501 CCDD, out of all 536 active CCDD, were surveyed between February 2014 and August 2015 to verify the characteristics of the centres who performed a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment (NPA), defined as the administration of at least one test for verbal and visual episodic memory, attention, constructional praxis, verbal fluency and executive functions (minimum core tests-MCTs), as part of the diagnostic process...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596768/alzheimer-s-disease-assessment-scale-cognitive-subscale-adas-cog-normative-data-for-the-portuguese-population
#20
Joana Nogueira, Sandra Freitas, Diana Duro, Miguel Tábuas-Pereira, Manuela Guerreiro, Jorge Almeida, Isabel Santana
INTRODUCTION: The Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - Cognitive Subscale is a brief battery developed to assess cognitive functioning in Alzheimer's disease that encompasses the core characteristics of cognitive decline (e.g. memory, language, praxis, constructive ability and orientation). The early detection, as well as the monitoring of cognitive decline along disease progression, is extremely important in clinical care and interventional research. The main goals of the present study were to analyze the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - Cognitive Subscale, and to establish normative values for the Portuguese population...
February 28, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
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