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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524765/what-can-critical-suicidology-do
#1
Jennifer White
Critical suicidology is an emerging area of scholarship and praxis that brings together academics, community activists, service users, practitioners, policy makers, family members and persons with lived experience, to rethink what it means to study suicide and enact practices of suicide prevention in more diverse and creative, less psycho-centric and less depoliticized, ways. In this paper I begin to articulate what it might mean to "think like a critical suicidologist," the questions that might get asked from this position, the academic and activist allies who might get recruited to the cause, and the potential cracks we might open up in pursuit of a more hopeful, life-affirming, and just future...
May 19, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524365/revision-of-the-competency-standards-for-occupational-therapy-driver-assessors-an-overview-of-the-evidence-for-the-inclusion-of-cognitive-and-perceptual-assessments-within-fitness-to-drive-evaluations
#2
REVIEW
Sally M Fields, Carolyn A Unsworth
BACKGROUND/AIM: Determination of fitness-to-drive after illness or injury is a complex process typically requiring a comprehensive driving assessment, including off-road and on-road assessment components. The competency standards for occupational therapy driver assessors (Victoria, Australia) define the requirements for performance of a comprehensive driving assessment, and we are currently revising these. Assessment of cognitive and perceptual skills forms an important part of the off-road assessment...
May 19, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524123/-a-clinical-and-neuropsychological-study-of-patients-before-and-after-resection-of-third-ventricle-colloid-cysts
#3
S B Buklina, A N Konovalov, D I Pitskhelauri, M A Shkarubo, A A Poddubskaya, M V Kolycheva
The literature lacks studies of cognitive impairments in large groups of patients after resection of third ventricle colloid cysts. AIM: To evaluate cognitive impairments in patients before and after resection of third ventricle colloid cysts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a clinical and neuropsychological study of 52 patients with third ventricle colloid cysts using the Luria method (1962). Forty three patients were examined before and after cyst resection in the early postoperative period (three patients in this group were also examined in a long-term period of 3-7 months after surgery)...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516959/adaptive-psychological-structure-in-childhood-hearing-impairment-audiological-correlations
#4
A Serra, G Spinato, S Cocuzza, L Licciardello, P Pavone, L Maiolino
The present research deals with the clinical and social problems present during linguistic and cognitive development of deaf children. Currently, the development of Theory of Mind represents an important research field in deafness studies. These international studies highlighted a significant alteration in the development of Theory of Mind in deaf children compared to normal hearing children, especially in cases of congenital or preverbal hearing loss. In particular, the research focuses on the skills of deaf children in recognising emotions and desires, through both perceptive and cognitive methods, by evaluation of psycho-cognitive skills of children with severe hearing loss using a set of questions to be administered to hearing loss patients...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509077/relationships-between-cognitive-impairment-on-adas-cog-and-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-using-spect-in-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Michio Takahashi, Yasunori Oda, Toshiyuki Okubo, Yukihiko Shirayama
The aim of this study was to examine brain hypoperfusion and its relationship with cognitive dysfunction in late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). Forty patients with late-onset AD and not receiving acetylcholinesterase inhibitors were recruited from outpatient clinics. We examined cognitive function using the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) and brain perfusion using single-photon emission computed tomography, and analyzed classified gyrus level segments with three-dimensional stereotactic surface projection and the stereotactic extraction estimation method level 3...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505995/prediction-of-post-stroke-functional-mobility%C3%A2-from-the-initial-assessment-of%C3%A2-cognitive-function
#6
Se Hee Jung, Shi-Uk Lee, Jihong Park
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is frequently seen in patients with stroke. The possible correlation between cognitive function and functional mobility has been proposed; however, the prognostic importance of early cognitive function in recovery of mobility has not been investigated in patients with stroke. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate whether the cognitive function in the acute phase can independently predict the recovery of mobility after stroke, and to determine the cut-off value of each cognitive evaluation test for community ambulation at six months...
May 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505978/an-arabic-version-of-the-cognitive-subscale-of-the-alzheimer-s-disease-assessment-scale-adas-cog-reliability-validity-and-normative-data
#7
Sonia Ben Jemaa, Neila Attia Romdhane, Amel Bahri-Mrabet, Adel Jendli, Didier Le Gall, Tarek Bellaj
The Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale's cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog) is the most widely used instrument for screening cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease. The aim of the present study was to develop an Arabic version of this scale (A-ADAS-Cog), examine its psychometric properties (reliability and validity), and provide normative data. The A-ADAS-Cog), an Arabic version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (A-MMSE), and a Standardized Clinical Dementia Rating Scale (CDR) were administered to three Tunisian groups: 124 normal controls (NC), 33 patients with non-Alzheimer dementia (N-AD), and 25 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503477/color-stability-of-bulk-fill-and-incremental-fill-resin-based-composites-polished-with-aluminum-oxide-impregnated-disks
#8
Uzay Koc-Vural, Ismail Baltacioglu, Pinar Altinci
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the color stability of bulk-fill and nanohybrid resin-based composites polished with 3 different, multistep, aluminum-oxide impregnated finishing and polishing disks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Disk-shaped specimens (8 mm in diameter and 4 mm in thickness) were light-cured between two glass slabs using one nanohybid bulk-fill (Tetric EvoCeram, Ivoclar Vivadent), one micro-hybrid bulk-fill (Quixfil, Dentsply), and two nanohybrid incremental-fill (Filtek Ultimate, 3M ESPE; Herculite XRV Ultra, Kerr) resin-based composites, and aged by thermocycling (between 5 - 55℃, 3,000 cycles)...
May 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478890/bericht-aus-der-praxis-practice-report-tutor-training-for-a-peer-assisted-interprofessional-communication-seminar-a-work-in-progress
#9
Jan Hundertmark, Angelika Homberg, Simone Alvarez, Heike Lauber, Sarah Berger, Christiane Büscher, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Cornelia Mahler
A novel peer-led communication seminar for medical students and for students of the Interprofessional Health Care B.Sc. degree programme at the Medical Faculty of Heidelberg is currently being developed to address the increasing need for interprofessional collaborative competencies in health care professionals. The core elements of this course include role plays in interprofessional communication situations, patient-centred professional practice, and reflections on underlying attitudes. Each seminar will be conducted by a team of two senior students from both undergraduate programmes, practising their new roles as interprofessional tutors and, at the same time, serving as competent role models for interprofessional collaboration...
May 3, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476092/feasibility-of-transdermal-delivery-of-cyclosporine-a-using-plasma-discharges
#10
Jaroslav Kristof, Hideto Miyamoto, An Nhat Tran, Marius Blajan, Kazuo Shimizu
A study of the transdermal delivery of Cyclosporine A by atmospheric plasma irradiation was realized on the epidermal layer of the Hairless Yucatan micropig. Drug flux and the amount of drug penetrated through the skin were determined by a Franz cell diffusion experiment. After treatment of the skin by atmospheric plasma jet or microplasma dielectric barrier discharge, an increase in the permeability of the skin was observed. The authors did not observe drug penetration for samples that were not treated with plasma...
May 4, 2017: Biointerphases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471513/on-the-historical-and-conceptual-foundations-of-a-community-psychology-of-social-transformation
#11
Ravi Gokani, Richard T G Walsh
We examine historical and conceptual literature in community psychology in order to understand the field's potential to be the socially transformative subdiscipline of psychology to which it aspires. By reviewing papers from two prominent journals and other literature, we conclude that the claim that community psychology is well-suited to social transformation, because it is a product of Sixties' radicalism and is theoretically equipped, is untenable. Systematic accounts of the subdiscipline's origins suggest that the transformative aspirations of current community psychologists do not correspond to the subdiscipline's reformist past...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465191/activity-of-cholinesterases-in-a-young-and-healthy-middle-european-population-relevance-for-toxicology-pharmacology-and-clinical-praxis
#12
Jana Zdarova Karasova, Zuzana Maderycova, Martina Tumova, Daniel Jun, Vit Rehacek, Kamil Kuca, Jan Misik
The activity of human cholinesterases, erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (AChE; EC 3.1.1.7) and plasma butyrylcholinesterase (BChE; EC 3.1.1.8) represents an important marker when monitoring exposure to pesticides/nerve agents, and may also be used in occupational medicine in diagnosis and prognosis of some diseases. In this study "normal/baseline" AChE and BChE activity has been investigated in a young and healthy population, with subsequent evaluation of several intra-population factors including sex, age (categories 18-25, 26-35 and 36-45 years old) and smoker status...
April 29, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431366/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-video-eeg-protocol-for-genetic-generalized-epilepsies
#13
Luciana Rodrigues De Marchi, Jeana Torres Corso, Ana Carolina Zetehaku, Carina Gonçalves Pedroso Uchida, Mirian Salvadori Bittar Guaranha, Elza Márcia Targas Yacubian
INTRODUCTION: Video-EEG has been used to characterize genetic generalized epilepsies (GGE). For best performance, sleep recording, photic stimulation, hyperventilation, and neuropsychological protocols are added to the monitoring. However, risks and benefits of these video-EEG protocols are not well established. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of a video-EEG neuropsychological protocol (VNPP) tailored for GGE and compare its value with that of routine EEG (R-EEG)...
May 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424762/assessment-of-sensory-processing-characteristics-in-children-between-3-and-11-years-old-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Sara Jorquera-Cabrera, Dulce Romero-Ayuso, Gemma Rodriguez-Gil, José-Matías Triviño-Juárez
The assessment of sensory perception, discrimination, integration, modulation, praxis, and other motor skills, such as posture, balance, and bilateral motor coordination, is necessary to identify the sensory and motor factors influencing the development of personal autonomy. The aim of this work is to study the assessment tools currently available for identifying different patterns of sensory processing. There are 15 tests available that have psychometric properties, primarily for the US population. Nine of them apply to children in preschool and up to grade 12...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383752/the-citizen-nurse-an-educational-innovation-for-change
#15
Kathleen M Clark, Joyce P Miller, Cheryl Leuning, Katherine Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Nursing education needs to provide the necessary tools for students to develop leadership skills and to practice civic agency to create meaningful change in the shifting health care field. This article focuses on facilitating a student's role in becoming a citizen nurse through curricular modifications. METHOD: Through an ongoing partnership, nursing faculty and community organizers implemented a year-long pilot project to discover the deeper insights into the role of a citizen nurse and to analyze the skills students need to be effective agents of change...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375813/toward-a-gender-politics-of-aging
#16
Gemma M Carney
The article proposes a Gender Politics of Aging approach to the study of aging societies. The approach recognizes the feminization of old age, ageism's roots in sexist discourse, and the need to recognize the role of politics in driving demographic debates. Drawing together arguments from feminist gerontology and political demography, the article argues that the intersection of politics and gender must be considered if appropriate responses to an older, feminized demography are to be produced. I conclude that the work of aging feminists provides a rich vein of research and praxis from which a gender politics of aging approach can draw...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373653/clinical-praxis-and-the-place-of-the-analyst-a-chilean-perspective
#17
Juan Flores
Since its inception, psychoanalytic theory has considered that, conceptually, it is impossible to maintain the division between the individual and society and that the constitution of one necessarily involves the other. Despite this clear legacy of Freudian thought, followed by most of the first and second generations of psychoanalysts, analytic clinical practice started to change almost exclusively into private practice by later generations of psychoanalysts. As a result, a space for information, data gathering, and theoretical production has been gradually configured that is structured in a slanted way...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365707/erstlinientherapie-des-nicht-oder-mild-symptomatischen-metastasierten-kastrationsresistenten-prostatakarzinoms
#18
Jürgen E Gschwend
Die Erstlinientherapie des nicht oder mild symptomatischen metastasierten kastrationsresistenten Prostatakarzinoms erfolgt heute vermehrt mit dem Androgen-Biosynthese-Inhibitor Abirateronacetat plus Prednison/Prednisolon oder dem Androgenrezeptor-Signalweg-Inhibitor Enzalutamid. Diese modernen antihormonellen Wirkstoffe konnten in den jeweiligen Zulassungsstudien bei insgesamt guter Verträglichkeit das Überleben der Patienten signifikant verlängern. Im Folgenden wird ein Überblick über weitere aktuelle Daten in Bezug auf die Erstlinientherapie gegeben...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342562/tackling-racism-as-a-wicked-public-health-problem-enabling-allies-in-anti-racism-praxis
#19
Heather Came, Derek Griffith
Racism is a "wicked" public health problem that fuels systemic health inequities between population groups in New Zealand, the United States and elsewhere. While literature has examined racism and its effects on health, the work describing how to intervene to address racism in public health is less developed. While the notion of raising awareness of racism through socio-political education is not new, given the way racism has morphed into new narratives in health institutional settings, it has become critical to support allies to make informing efforts to address racism as a fundamental cause of health inequities...
March 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301532/factors-associated-with-study-completion-in-patients-with-premature-acute-coronary-syndrome
#20
Anthony W Austin, Roxanne Pelletier, Louise Pilote, Doreen M Rabi
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with study completion in younger adults are not well understood. This study sought to describe psychosocial, clinical, and demographic features associated with completion of a study of men and women with premature acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: As part of the GENdEr and Sex determInantS of cardiovascular disease: From bench to beyond-Premature Acute Coronary Syndrome (GENESIS-PRAXY) study, demographic, psychosocial, and clinical variables were assessed in 1213 patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome (≤ 55 years; 30% women)...
2017: PloS One
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