keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Praxis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729755/social-cognition-deficits-current-position-and-future-directions-for-neuropsychological-interventions-in-cerebrovascular-disease
#1
REVIEW
Progress Njomboro
Neuropsychological assessments of cognitive dysfunction in cerebrovascular illness commonly target basic cognitive functions involving aspects of memory, attention, language, praxis, and number processing. Here, I highlight the clinical importance of often-neglected social cognition functions. These functions recruit a widely distributed neural network, making them vulnerable in most cerebrovascular diseases. Sociocognitive deficits underlie most of the problematic social conduct observed in patients and are associated with more negative clinical outcomes (compared to nonsocial cognitive deficits)...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725201/nature-and-specificity-of-gestural-disorder-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-multiple-case-study
#2
Orianne Costini, Arnaud Roy, Chrystelle Remigereau, Sylvane Faure, Catherine Fossoud, Didier Le Gall
Aim: Praxis assessment in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is usually based on tests of adult apraxia, by comparing across types of gestures and input modalities. However, the cognitive models of adult praxis processing are rarely used in a comprehensive and critical interpretation. These models generally involve two systems: a conceptual system and a production system. Heterogeneity of deficits is consistently reported in DCD, involving other cognitive skills such as executive or visual-perceptual and visuospatial functions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708033/neuropsychological-profile-and-social-cognition-in-congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome-cchs-correlation-with-neuroimaging-in-a-clinical-case
#3
Borja Esteso Orduña, Raquel Seijas Gómez, Elena García Esparza, Emily M Briceño, Javier Melero Llorente, María de la Concepción Fournier Del Castillo
INTRODUCTION: Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare genetic disorder due to paired-like homeobox gene (PHOX2B) mutations. CCHS patients suffer from dysregulation of the autonomic nervous system characterized by the absence of or extremely reduced response to hypercapnia and hypoxia, with neuropsychological deficits. The aim of this exploratory study is to describe the longitudinal neuropsychological profile and its correlations with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of a child with CCHS with a PHOX2B mutation...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705033/differences-in-performance-in-camcog-r-domains-between-old-and-oldest-old-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
B Canneti, A J Mosqueira, T Carreras, A B Gago-Veiga, C Onsurbe, M Ruiz, J Vivancos
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the neuropsychological performance in a ≥90-year-old population with Alzheimer disease (AD) in comparison with younger elderly patients. We retrospectively studied all patients with AD attended in a specialized clinic between 1999 and 2011. Age, sex, educational level, and sensory loss data were collected. Neuropsychological evaluation included Mini-Mental State Examination and Global Deterioration Scale. We used the eight Cambridge Cognitive Assessment (CAMCOG-R) domains to evaluate and compare the neuropsychological performance in the younger than 90 years old (<90) and older than 90 years old (≥90) groups...
July 13, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705013/cognitive-fluctuations-and-cognitive-test-performance-among-institutionalized-persons-with-dementia
#5
Brian J Mainland, Nathan Herrmann, Sasha Mallya, Alexandra J Fiocco, Gwen-Li Sin, Kenneth I Shulman, Tisha J Ornstein
OBJECTIVE: To examine the nature and frequency of cognitive fluctuations (CFs) among institutionalized persons with dementia. METHOD: A clinical interview and a medical chart review were conducted, and 55 patients were assigned a specific dementia diagnosis. The Severe Impairment Battery (SIB) was administered to assess cognitive function, and the Dementia Cognitive Fluctuation Scale (DCFS) was administered to each patient's primary nurse to determine the presence and severity of CFs...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704690/joint-attention-and-oromotor-abilities-in-young-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Jennifer C Dalton, Elizabeth R Crais, Shelley L Velleman
PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between joint attention ability and oromotor imitation skill in three groups of young children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder using both nonverbal oral and verbal motor imitation tasks. Research questions addressed a) differences among joint attention and oromotor imitation abilities; b) the relationship between independently measured joint attention and oromotor imitation, both nonverbal oral and verbal motor; c) the relationships between joint attention and verbal motor imitation during interpersonal interaction; and d) the relationship between the sensory input demands (auditory, visual, and tactile) and oromotor imitation, both nonverbal oral and verbal motor...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704379/fractionating-nonword-repetition-the-contributions-of-short-term-memory-and-oromotor-praxis-are-different
#7
Saloni Krishnan, Katherine J Alcock, Daniel Carey, Lina Bergström, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Frederic Dick
The ability to reproduce novel words is a sensitive marker of language impairment across a variety of developmental disorders. Nonword repetition tasks are thought to reflect phonological short-term memory skills. Yet, when children hear and then utter a word for the first time, they must transform a novel speech signal into a series of coordinated, precisely timed oral movements. Little is known about how children's oromotor speed, planning and co-ordination abilities might influence their ability to repeat novel nonwords, beyond the influence of higher-level cognitive and linguistic skills...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695174/a-patient-with-cancer-and-her-family-in-caring-partnership-based-on-margaret-newman-s-theory-of-health-as-expanding-consciousness
#8
Yoshimi Fujiwara, Emiko Endo
The purpose, on the basis of Margaret Newman's theory of health as expanding consciousness in a unitary perspective, was to practice the caring partnership with a client who could not share their desires and find their future direction at a gear change period and document the process of their relational changes within this process. The design was research as praxis. The participant was a patient with cancer and her family in the midst of a difficult health situation. Through caring partnership, a nurse researcher asked to tell "the meaningful events and relationships in their lives" over four in-depth dialogue meetings...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685947/drawing-on-antiracist-approaches-toward-a-critical-antidiscriminatory-pedagogy-for-nursing
#9
Amélie Blanchet Garneau, Annette J Browne, Colleen Varcoe
Although nursing has a unique contribution to advancing social justice in health care practices and education, and although social justice has been claimed as a core value of nursing, there is little guidance regarding how to enact social justice in nursing practice and education. In this paper, we propose a critical antidiscriminatory pedagogy (CADP) for nursing as a promising path in this direction. We argue that because discrimination is inherent to the production and maintenance of inequities and injustices, adopting a CADP offers opportunities for students and practicing nurses to develop their capacity to counteract racism and other forms of individual and systemic discrimination in health care, and thus promote social justice...
July 7, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673191/advanced-holistic-nursing-practice-narratives-a-view-of-caring-praxis
#10
Mary Enzman Hines, Jennifer Gaughan
Advanced holistic nurses (AHNs), emerging as leaders in health care transformation, are described as caregivers, but caring and caring-within-practice are often difficult for AHNs to explicate. Nursing research that describes caring in advanced practice is limited. Only one study has been reported that focused on describing practice for advanced practice nurses. This article presents a secondary analysis of narratives from a larger qualitative study of holistic pediatric nursing practice. From that study, narratives provided by six holistic advanced practice nurse participants, working in a variety of settings, were extracted and analyzed to illuminate caring-within-practice...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665374/-reciprocal-organization-of-constructive-activity-in-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#11
V B Nikishina, E A Petrash
AIM: To study the organization of reciprocal constructive activity in patients with ischemic stroke based on hemispheric localization of the lesion and the profile of lateral organization in a segment of leading hand. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 57 post-stroke patients. An experimental method and a set of neuropsychological tests were used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: There was an overall decline in the parameters of constructive activity (accuracy and rate) in patients with ischemic stroke, regardless of localization of the lesion and the profile of lateral brain organization in the segment of leading hand...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661011/visual-methods-in-health-dialogues-a-qualitative-study-of-public-health-nurse-practice-in-schools
#12
Hilde Laholt, Marilys Guillemin, Kim McLeod, Randi Elisabeth Olsen, Geir Fagerjord Lorem
AIMS: We aimed to explore how using visual methods might improve or complicate the dynamics of the health dialogue between public health nurses (PHNs) and school pupils. This was done from the perspective of PHNs, specifically examining how they understood their role and practice as a PHN and the application of visual methods in this practice. BACKGROUND: The health dialogue is a method used by PHNs in school nursing in Norway. In this practice, there can be communicative barriers between pupils and PHNs...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649932/a-web-of-gaps-a-discussion-of-research-strands-concerning-global-south-families-with-a-disabled-child
#13
Xanthe Hunt, Brian Watermeyer
BACKGROUND: In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), limited access to a range of supports means that families often carry primary responsibility for the care of a disabled child. The impact of this responsibility is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To present a selective review, critique, and comparison of the prominent areas of research aimed at understanding families with disabled children in the Global South. DESIGN: We compare and critically discuss prominent bodies of literature concerning the family-disability-poverty nexus in LMICs...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627055/cholelithiasis-in-adult-bearded-dragons-retrospective-study-of-nine-adult-bearded-dragons-pogona-vitticeps-with-cholelithiasis-between-2013-and-2015-in-southern-germany
#14
A Gimmel, H Kempf, S Öfner, D Müller, A Liesegang
With an increased number of pet reptiles, many diseases occur due to nutritional disorders. Between 2013 and 2015, irregular gallbladder contents (sludge/choleliths) in adult bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps) were recorded in many of the routinely conducted necropsies at the reptile rescue station in Munich (Auffangstation für Reptilien, München e.V., Munich, Germany). Nine animals, six from the rescue station and three from an associated veterinary practice (Tierärztliche Praxis für Exoten, Augsburg, Germany), were studied...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619411/where-we-fall-down-tensions-in-teaching-social-medicine-and-global-health
#15
Amy Finnegan, Michelle Morse, Marisa Nadas, Michael Westerhaus
BACKGROUND: As global health interest has risen, so too has the relevance of education on the social determinants of health and health equity. Social medicine offers a particularly salient framework for educating on the social determinants of health, health disparities, and health equity. SocMed and EqualHealth, 2 unique but related organizations, offer annual global health courses in Uganda, Haiti, and the United States, which train students to understand and respond to the social determinants of health through praxis, self-reflection and self-awareness, and building collaborative partnerships across difference...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610587/the-use-of-birds-as-pets-in-mexico
#16
Blanca Roldán-Clarà, Víctor M Toledo, Ileana Espejel
BACKGROUND: The use of birds as pets has been a historical tradition in Mexico since prehispanic times. It has survived through bird traders, called pajareros, which is a local name given to the trade (derived from pájaro, the Spanish word for bird). However, the trade of birds has not been sufficiently described; therefore, the goal of this paper is to analyze the bird trade in Mexico using the components of an ethnoecology scheme known as kosmos-corpus-praxis complex. METHODS: Qualitative research techniques were used, including ethnographic immersion, participative research, and interviews of 79 pajareros in 22 localities in nine Mexican states...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608277/-oral-anticoagulation-using-coumarins-an-update
#17
REVIEW
Christoph Sucker, Jens Litmathe
Vitamin K antagonists (VKA) are used for the prophylaxis and treatment of thrombotic and thromboembolic events. Most important indications are venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, atrial fibrillation, and mechanical heart-valve replacement. Hence they are from high relevance for the neurologist and his daily praxis in cardio-neurological routine. Here, we give an overview about VKA with focus on mode of action, indications and efficacy, practical aspects of treatment, side effects, and monitoring.
June 12, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605690/potential-implications-of-luria-s-work-for-the-neuropsychology-of-epilepsy-and-epilepsy-surgery-a-perspective-for-re-examination
#18
REVIEW
Panayiotis Patrikelis, Giuliana Lucci, Anna Siatouni, Anastasia Verentzioti, Athanasia Alexoudi, Stylianos Gatzonis
The pioneeristic work of Alexander Romanovic Luria into the field of human neuropsychology offered eminent contributions to clinical praxis by providing theory guided methods and instruments for the study of higher cortical functions. However, lots of this knowledge corpus either remains untranslated and thus inaccessible, or in some cases selectively overlooked by academic authorities and consequently not passed to the future generations of experts. Although Luria was not exclusively devoted to the study of epilepsy, his theories and clinical approaches actually penetrate the whole neuropathology spectrum...
June 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603437/does-an-old-art-suffice-for-new-problems
#19
EDITORIAL
Tsjalling Swierstra
In this review I argue that Puech draws on two important currents in modern thought: the criticism of the ontological and social priority of conflict, and the rehabilitation of praxis vis-à-vis theoria. Still, his plea for a non-confrontational art of living leaves important questions unanswered. What is the problem exactly? What does exactly count as (non)confrontational? What is non-confrontation exactly meant to solve? What is the antiposition here? And: how does this new (or rather: old) art of living relate to the political and ethical varieties of Technology Assessment?...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597242/-the-basics-of-knee-osteotomy-clinical-examination-analysis-of-the-deformity-and-correction-planning
#20
REVIEW
C Patsch, F Dirisamer
Clinical results of knee osteotomies are good. A precise preoperative analysis of the deformity in three dimensions and accurate planning of the correction osteotomy is essential. All pathologies of the knee and the surrounding joints must be considered. The opening wedge technique and locking plate systems have improved accuracy and reliability. An analysis of deformities and the planning of their correction is presented in this article. Access to the extent of the correction according to the level of degeneration has proven useful in clinical praxis...
June 9, 2017: Der Orthopäde
keyword
keyword
95902
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"