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Praxis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431366/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-video-eeg-protocol-for-genetic-generalized-epilepsies
#1
Luciana Rodrigues De Marchi, Jeana Torres Corso, Ana Carolina Zetehaku, Carina Gonçalves Pedroso Uchida, Mirian Salvadori Bittar Guaranha, Elza Márcia Targas Yacubian
INTRODUCTION: Video-EEG has been used to characterize genetic generalized epilepsies (GGE). For best performance, sleep recording, photic stimulation, hyperventilation, and neuropsychological protocols are added to the monitoring. However, risks and benefits of these video-EEG protocols are not well established. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of a video-EEG neuropsychological protocol (VNPP) tailored for GGE and compare its value with that of routine EEG (R-EEG)...
April 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424762/assessment-of-sensory-processing-characteristics-in-children-between-3-and-11-years-old-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Sara Jorquera-Cabrera, Dulce Romero-Ayuso, Gemma Rodriguez-Gil, José-Matías Triviño-Juárez
The assessment of sensory perception, discrimination, integration, modulation, praxis, and other motor skills, such as posture, balance, and bilateral motor coordination, is necessary to identify the sensory and motor factors influencing the development of personal autonomy. The aim of this work is to study the assessment tools currently available for identifying different patterns of sensory processing. There are 15 tests available that have psychometric properties, primarily for the US population. Nine of them apply to children in preschool and up to grade 12...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383752/the-citizen-nurse-an-educational-innovation-for-change
#3
Kathleen M Clark, Joyce P Miller, Cheryl Leuning, Katherine Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Nursing education needs to provide the necessary tools for students to develop leadership skills and to practice civic agency to create meaningful change in the shifting health care field. This article focuses on facilitating a student's role in becoming a citizen nurse through curricular modifications. METHOD: Through an ongoing partnership, nursing faculty and community organizers implemented a year-long pilot project to discover the deeper insights into the role of a citizen nurse and to analyze the skills students need to be effective agents of change...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375813/toward-a-gender-politics-of-aging
#4
Gemma M Carney
The article proposes a Gender Politics of Aging approach to the study of aging societies. The approach recognizes the feminization of old age, ageism's roots in sexist discourse, and the need to recognize the role of politics in driving demographic debates. Drawing together arguments from feminist gerontology and political demography, the article argues that the intersection of politics and gender must be considered if appropriate responses to an older, feminized demography are to be produced. I conclude that the work of aging feminists provides a rich vein of research and praxis from which a gender politics of aging approach can draw...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373653/clinical-praxis-and-the-place-of-the-analyst-a-chilean-perspective
#5
Juan Flores
Since its inception, psychoanalytic theory has considered that, conceptually, it is impossible to maintain the division between the individual and society and that the constitution of one necessarily involves the other. Despite this clear legacy of Freudian thought, followed by most of the first and second generations of psychoanalysts, analytic clinical practice started to change almost exclusively into private practice by later generations of psychoanalysts. As a result, a space for information, data gathering, and theoretical production has been gradually configured that is structured in a slanted way...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365707/erstlinientherapie-des-nicht-oder-mild-symptomatischen-metastasierten-kastrationsresistenten-prostatakarzinoms
#6
Jürgen E Gschwend
Die Erstlinientherapie des nicht oder mild symptomatischen metastasierten kastrationsresistenten Prostatakarzinoms erfolgt heute vermehrt mit dem Androgen-Biosynthese-Inhibitor Abirateronacetat plus Prednison/Prednisolon oder dem Androgenrezeptor-Signalweg-Inhibitor Enzalutamid. Diese modernen antihormonellen Wirkstoffe konnten in den jeweiligen Zulassungsstudien bei insgesamt guter Verträglichkeit das Überleben der Patienten signifikant verlängern. Im Folgenden wird ein Überblick über weitere aktuelle Daten in Bezug auf die Erstlinientherapie gegeben...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342562/tackling-racism-as-a-wicked-public-health-problem-enabling-allies-in-anti-racism-praxis
#7
Heather Came, Derek Griffith
Racism is a "wicked" public health problem that fuels systemic health inequities between population groups in New Zealand, the United States and elsewhere. While literature has examined racism and its effects on health, the work describing how to intervene to address racism in public health is less developed. While the notion of raising awareness of racism through socio-political education is not new, given the way racism has morphed into new narratives in health institutional settings, it has become critical to support allies to make informing efforts to address racism as a fundamental cause of health inequities...
March 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301532/factors-associated-with-study-completion-in-patients-with-premature-acute-coronary-syndrome
#8
Anthony W Austin, Roxanne Pelletier, Louise Pilote, Doreen M Rabi
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with study completion in younger adults are not well understood. This study sought to describe psychosocial, clinical, and demographic features associated with completion of a study of men and women with premature acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: As part of the GENdEr and Sex determInantS of cardiovascular disease: From bench to beyond-Premature Acute Coronary Syndrome (GENESIS-PRAXY) study, demographic, psychosocial, and clinical variables were assessed in 1213 patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome (≤ 55 years; 30% women)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296469/praxis-skills-and-executive-function-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#9
Chrystelle Remigereau, Arnaud Roy, Orianne Costini, Sébastien Barbarot, Marie Bru, Didier Le Gall
This study aimed at examining motor and ideomotor praxis skills in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). The impact of executive dysfunction, frequently described in children with NF1, on the expression of praxis impairments was also studied. Eighteen children with NF1 were included and matched with 20 control children for age (7-14 years), sex, laterality, and parental education level. Both groups of children underwent an assessment based on cognitive models of apraxia including visuomotor tasks, executive tests, and everyday life questionnaires...
March 15, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295501/when-i-say%C3%A2-praxis
#10
Stella L Ng, Sarah R Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277283/toward-a-functional-neuroanatomy-of-semantic-aphasia-a-history-and-ten-new-cases
#11
Olga Dragoy, Yulia Akinina, Nina Dronkers
Almost 70 years ago, Alexander Luria incorporated semantic aphasia among his aphasia classifications by demonstrating that deficits in linking the logical relationships of words in a sentence could co-occur with non-linguistic disorders of calculation, spatial gnosis and praxis deficits. In line with his comprehensive approach to the assessment of language and other cognitive functions, he argued that deficits in understanding semantically reversible sentences and prepositional phrases, for example, were in line with a single neuropsychological factor of impaired spatial analysis and synthesis, since understanding such grammatical relationships would also draw on their spatial relationships...
October 6, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257975/rapid-and-sensitive-detection-of-microrna-via-the-capture-of-fluorescent-dyes-loaded-albumin-nanoparticles-around-functionalized-magnetic-beads
#12
Tianxiang Wei, Dan Du, Zhaoyin Wang, Weiwei Zhang, Yuehe Lin, Zhihui Dai
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in gene regulation and cancer development. Nowadays, it is still a challenge to detect low-abundance miRNAs. Here, we present a magnetic fluorescent miRNA sensing system for the rapid and sensitive detection of miRNAs from cell lysates and serum samples. In this system, albumin nanoparticles (Alb NPs) were prepared from inherent biocompatible bovine serum albumin (BSA). A large number of fluorescent dyes were loaded into Alb NPs to make Alb NPs serve as signal molecular nanocarriers for signal amplification...
February 27, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252853/pathogenese-von-wundheilungsst%C3%A3-rungen-bei-%C3%A3-lteren-patienten
#13
Evgenia Makrantonaki, Meinhard Wlaschek, Karin Scharffetter-Kochanek
Ältere Menschen sind für Wundheilungsstörungen und chronische Wunden am anfälligsten, insbesondere für venöse Beinulzera, Dekubitalulzera und diabetische Fußulzera. Jedoch sollten bei der diagnostischen Abklärung chronischer Wunden weitere altersassoziierte Krankheiten in Betracht gezogen werden. Ein besseres Verständnis der an Wundheilungsstörungen beteiligten Pathomechanismen ist wichtig für die Bewältigung der Schwierigkeiten bei der Behandlung chronischer Wunden. In den letzten Jahrzehnten wurden beachtliche Fortschritte bei zukunftsweisenden Therapien chronischer Wunden erzielt...
March 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225838/-mental-simulation-in-frontotemporal-dementia
#14
Daniel G Politis, Wanda Y Rubinstein, María E Tabernero
There is a common network for perception and execution of actions necessary for the acquisition of Theory of Mind, and the mirror neuron system could be the neural substrate. OBJECTIVE: To study the presence of apraxia and their relationship to Theory of Mind in patients with behavioral variant of Frontotemporal Dementia. METHODS: 24 patients were assessed, and the cognitive praxis assessment battery and theory of mind were administered. RESULTS: All the tasks of the cognitive praxis assessment battery showed a significant correlation with the first order False Believe task, while Faces Test showed correlations with all the battery tasks except Auditory verbal income...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214841/drug-dosing-and-estimated-renal-function-any-step-forward-from-effersoe
#15
Mads Hornum, Bo Feldt-Rasmussen
Drug dosing in accordance with the renal function is a long-standing challenge to clinicians. For many years it has been evident that in many clinical situations there is no easy way to correctly dose any drug that is mainly cleared by the kidneys. Despite the development of many formulas for estimating the glomerular filtration rate, they all have serious shortcomings. Much effort has been put in to develop estimation formulas to evaluate the renal function as an alternative to direct methods with the aim of safely dosing drugs that are mainly cleared by the kidneys...
February 18, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213762/association-between-cognitive-impairment-and-urinary-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Zuzanna Tkaczynska, Andrea Pilotto, Sara Becker, Susanne Gräber-Sultan, Daniela Berg, Inga Liepelt-Scarfone
Urinary dysfunction (UD) is a common non-motor feature of Parkinson's disease (PD), and might be secondary to neurodegeneration involving cortical and subcortical brain areas. The possible link between UD and cognitive deficits has never been examined in frontal cortex impairment, and is still not completely understood in PD. In the present study, 94 PD patients underwent a comprehensive motor, cognitive and non-motor assessment. It was shown that 55.3% of patients reported UD, of which 17% needed specific urological treatment...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205497/critical-motor-involvement-in-prediction-of-human-and-non-biological-motion-trajectories
#17
Matthieu M de Wit, Laurel J Buxbaum
OBJECTIVES: Adaptive interaction with the environment requires the ability to predict both human and non-biological motion trajectories. Prior accounts of the neurocognitive basis for prediction of these two motion classes may generally be divided into those that posit that non-biological motion trajectories are predicted using the same motor planning and/or simulation mechanisms used for human actions, and those that posit distinct mechanisms for each. Using brain lesion patients and healthy controls, this study examined critical neural substrates and behavioral correlates of human and non-biological motion prediction...
February 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205496/planning-functional-grasps-of-simple-tools-invokes-the-hand-independent-praxis-representation-network-an-fmri-study
#18
Łukasz Przybylski, Gregory Króliczak
OBJECTIVES: Neuropsychological and neuroimaging evidence indicates that tool use knowledge and abilities are represented in the praxis representation network (PRN) of the left cerebral hemisphere. We investigated whether PRN would also underlie the planning of function-appropriate grasps of tools, even though such an assumption is inconsistent with some neuropsychological evidence for independent representations of tool grasping and skilled tool use. METHODS: Twenty right-handed participants were tested in an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study wherein they planned functionally appropriate grasps of tools versus grasps of non-tools matched for size and/or complexity, and later executed the pantomimed grasps of these objects...
February 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195027/the-anthropo-scene-a-guide-for-the-perplexed
#19
Jamie Lorimer
The scientific proposal that the Earth has entered a new epoch as a result of human activities - the Anthropocene - has catalysed a flurry of intellectual activity. I introduce and review the rich, inchoate and multi-disciplinary diversity of this Anthropo-scene. I identify five ways in which the concept of the Anthropocene has been mobilized: scientific question, intellectual zeitgeist, ideological provocation, new ontologies and science fiction. This typology offers an analytical framework for parsing this diversity, for understanding the interactions between different ways of thinking in the Anthropo-scene, and thus for comprehending elements of its particular and peculiar sociabilities...
February 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182172/chronic-disease-self-management-support-for-persons-with-dementia-in-a-clinical-setting
#20
Joseph Elias Ibrahim, Laura J Anderson, Aleece MacPhail, Janaka Jonathan Lovell, Marie-Claire Davis, Margaret Winbolt
The burden of chronic disease is greater in individuals with dementia, a patient group that is growing as the population is aging. The cornerstone of optimal management of chronic disease requires effective patient self-management. However, this is particularly challenging in older persons with a comorbid diagnosis of dementia. The impact of dementia on a person's ability to self-manage his/her chronic disease (eg, diabetes mellitus or heart failure) varies according to the cognitive domain(s) affected, severity of impairment and complexity of self-care tasks...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
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