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Blastocyst culture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735105/inherent-inferior-quality-of-follicular-fluid-in-repeat-breeder-heifers-as-evidenced-by-low-rates-of-in%C3%A2-vitro-production-of-bovine-embryos
#1
M Kafi, M Azari, O Chashnigir, S Gharibzadeh, Z Aghabozorgi, A Asaadi, M R Divar
The aims of the present study were to determine the effect of follicular fluid obtained from the ovulatory follicle of repeat breeder heifers on in vitro oocyte maturation (Experiment 1), fertilization (Experiment 2) and production of bovine embryos (Experiment 3). Holstein virgin heifers (VH, n = 5) with normal fertility or repeat breeder syndrome (RBH, n = 5) were used in the present study. Follicular fluid of VH and RBH was aspirated from ovulatory follicles and used as maturation medium. Bovine oocytes were aspirated from follicles of slaughterhouse ovaries and randomly allocated in three groups; in Group 1, oocytes cultured in TCM-199 supplemented with 10% heat-treated fetal calf serum and hormones (5 IU/mL hCG plus 0...
July 16, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728562/low-oxygen-tension-increases-mitochondrial-membrane-potential-and-enhances-expression-of-antioxidant-genes-and-implantation-protein-of-mouse-blastocyst-cultured-in-vitro
#2
Yun-Yi Ma, Huei-Wen Chen, Chii-Ruey Tzeng
BACKGROUND: In human IVF, embryos cultured with a lower O2 tension (5%) can give rise to higher success rates when compared with normoxic conditions (20%). However, the mechanisms behind the beneficial effects of reduced oxygen tension in embryogenesis remain unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of oxygen related and antioxidant genes and mitochondrial function in mouse embryo cultured under hypoxic and normoxic conditions, to investigate the beneficial effect of low oxygen tension in preimplantation embryogenesis...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728132/melatonin-protect-the-development-of-preimplantation-mouse-embryos-from-sodium-fluoride-induced-oxidative-injury
#3
Jiamin Zhao, Beibei Fu, Wei Peng, Tingchao Mao, Haibo Wu, Yong Zhang
Recently study shows that melatonin can protect embryos from the culture environment oxidative stress. However, the protective effect of melatonin on the mouse development of preimplantation embryos under sodium fluoride (NaF) induced oxidative stress is still unclear. Here, we showed that exposure to NaF significantly increased the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, decreased the blastocyst formation rates, and increased the fragmentation, apoptosis and retardation of blastocysts in the development of mouse preimplantation embryos...
June 29, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722155/metabolite-availability-as-a-window-to-view-the-early-embryo-microenvironment-in-vivo
#4
REVIEW
Kailun Hu, Yang Yu
A preimplantation embryo exists independent of blood supply, and relies on energy sources from its in vivo environment (e.g. oviduct and uterine fluid) to sustain its development. The embryos can survive in this aqueous environment because it contains amino acids, proteins, lactate, pyruvate, oxygen, glucose, antioxidants, ions, growth factors, hormones, and phospholipids - albeit the concentration of each component varies by species, stage of the estrous cycle, and anatomical location. The dynamic nature of this environment sustains the early development from the one-cell zygote to blastocyst, and is reciprocally influenced by the embryo at each embryonic stage...
July 19, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719824/supplementation-of-l-carnitine-during-in%C3%A2-vitro-maturation-improves-embryo-development-from-less-competent-bovine-oocytes
#5
Drahomira Knitlova, Pavlina Hulinska, Michal Jeseta, Katerina Hanzalova, Bartosz Kempisty, Marie Machatkova
The present study was designed to define the impact of l-carnitine, supplemented during maturation, on bovine oocytes with different meiotic competence in terms of their IVF outcomes. Meiotically more competent (MMC) and less competent (MLC) oocytes were obtained separately from differently sized follicles at selected phases of folliculogenesis. The oocytes were matured with or without l-carnitine, fertilized and cultured to the blastocyst stage. The oocytes were examined for nuclear maturation, mitochondrial cluster formation, lipid consumption, fertilization and embryo development...
July 5, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718081/blastocyst-utilization-rates-after-continuous-culture-in-two-commercial-single-step-media-a-prospective-randomized-study-with-sibling-oocytes
#6
Ioannis A Sfontouris, Efstratios M Kolibianakis, George T Lainas, Christos A Venetis, George K Petsas, Basil C Tarlatzis, Tryfon G Lainas
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine whether blastocyst utilization rates are different after continuous culture in two different commercial single-step media. METHODS: This is a paired randomized controlled trial with sibling oocytes conducted in infertility patients, aged ≤40 years with ≥10 oocytes retrieved assigned to blastocyst culture and transfer. Retrieved oocytes were randomly allocated to continuous culture in either Sage one-step medium (Origio) or Continuous Single Culture (CSC) medium (Irvine Scientific) without medium renewal up to day 5 post oocyte retrieval...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717241/sca-1-identifies-a-trophoblast-population-with-multipotent-potential-in-the-mid-gestation-mouse-placenta
#7
Bryony V Natale, Christina Schweitzer, Martha Hughes, Maria A Globisch, Ramie Kotadia, Emilie Tremblay, Priscilla Vu, James C Cross, David R C Natale
Trophoblast stem (TS) cells in the mouse derive from the polar trophectoderm of the blastocyst and persist through early gestation (to E8.5) to support placental development. Further development and growth is proposed to rely on layer-restricted progenitor cells. Stem cell antigen (Sca) -1 is a member of the Ly6 gene family and a known marker of stem cells in both hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic mouse tissues. Having identified that Sca-1 mRNA was highly expressed in mouse TS cells in culture, we found that it was also expressed in a subset of trophoblast within the chorion and labyrinth layer of the mouse placenta...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712411/calcium-sensing-receptor-casr-is-involved-in-porcine-in-vitro-fertilisation-and-early-embryo-development
#8
C Liu, Y Liu, K Larsen, Y P Hou, H Callesen
It has been demonstrated that extracellular calcium is necessary in fertilisation and embryo development but the mechanism is still not well understood. The present study mainly focussed on the extracellular calcium effector called the calcium-sensing receptor (CASR) and examined its expression in porcine gametes and embryos and its function during fertilisation and early embryo development. By using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, CASR was found to be expressed in porcine oocytes, spermatozoa and embryos at different developmental stages...
July 17, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712378/treatment-of-allicin-improves-maturation-of-immature-oocytes-and-subsequent-developmental-ability-of-preimplantation-embryos
#9
Sang-Gi Jeong, Seung-Eun Lee, Yun-Gwi Park, Yeo-Jin Son, Min-Young Shin, Eun-Young Kim, Se-Pill Park
Allicin (AL) regulates the cellular redox, proliferation, viability, and cell cycle of different cells against extracellular-derived stress. This study investigated the effects of allicin treatment on porcine oocyte maturation and developmental competence. Porcine oocytes were cultured in medium supplemented with 0 (control), 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 or 100 μM AL, respectively, during in vitro maturation (IVM). The rate of polar body emission was higher in the 0.1 AL-treated group (74.5% ± 2.3%) than in the control (68...
July 17, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708500/reversible-meiotic-arrest-of-bovine-oocytes-by-egfr-inhibition-and-follicular-hemisections
#10
Paulo Roberto Antunes da Rosa, Matheus Pedrotti De Cesaro, Andressa Minussi Pereira Dau, Raj Duggavathi, Vilceu Bordignon, Paulo Bayard Dias Gonçalves
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of inhibiting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway on meiosis blockage and resumption, mRNA expression of genes involved in oocyte maturation and cumulus expansion, and embryo development. Bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were cultured for 15 h in the presence of the EGFR inhibitor (AG1478) and follicular hemisections (FHS). Most of the oocytes (89.3%) remained at the germinal vesicle (GV) stage when cultured in the presence of FHS and 5 μM AG1478...
May 23, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708489/2-methoxystypandrone-improves-in%C3%A2-vitro-produced-bovine-embryo-quality-through-inhibition-of-ikbkb
#11
Ayman Mesalam, Imran Khan, Kyeong-Lim Lee, Seok-Hwan Song, M M R Chowdhury, Zia Uddin, Ki Hun Park, Il-Keun Kong
2-Methoxystypandrone (2-MS), a naphthoquinone from Polygonum cuspidatum, has been reported to exhibit antioxidant activities. However, its pharmacological properties have not been fully studied in vitro culture system of oocytes and embryos development. In this study, we examined the effects of 2-MS on bovine blastocyst developmental competency during preimplantation using TUNEL assay, qRT-PCR and immunocytochemistry. Oocytes were treated with 1 μM 2-MS during maturation, followed by in vitro fertilized and the zygotes were cultured...
May 19, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708486/improved-quality-of-porcine-embryos-cultured-with-hyaluronan-due-to-the-modification-of-the-mitochondrial-membrane-potential-and-reactive-oxygen-species-level
#12
Marek Romek, Barbara Gajda, Ewa Krzysztofowicz, Marcin Kucia, Agnieszka Uzarowska, Zdzislaw Smorag
Although considerable progress has been made in pig embryo culture systems, the developmental competence and quality of the produced embryos are still lower than their in vivo-derived counterparts. Because hyaluronan (HA) regulates various cellular processes and possesses antioxidant properties, this glycosaminoglycan seems to be a promising supplement in culture media. However, until now, its beneficial influence on in vitro pig embryo development has been debatable. Hence, we aimed to investigate the effect of 0...
June 29, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701751/secretome-of-in-vitro-cultured-human-embryos-contains-extracellular-vesicles-that-are-uptaken-by-the-maternal-side
#13
Elisa Giacomini, Riccardo Vago, Ana Maria Sanchez, Paola Podini, Natasa Zarovni, Valentina Murdica, Roberta Rizzo, Daria Bortolotti, Massimo Candiani, Paola Viganò
Communication between embryo and maternal endometrium occurs during a specific time frame in which implantation is possible. Here we demonstrate for the first time that conditioned media from non-manipulated human embryos cultured in vitro for 3 days or up to the blastocyst stage contain extracellular vesicles (EVs) with a diameter of 50 to 200 nm and bearing the traditional microvesicle and exosome marker proteins CD63, CD9 and ALIX. The embryonic origin of these EVs has been confirmed by the presence of stemness gene transcripts and their enrichment in the non-classical HLA-G protein...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696244/effect-of-vitrification-on-in-vitro-development-and-imprinted-gene-grb10-in-mouse-embryos
#14
Jianfeng Yao, Lixia Geng, Rongfu Huang, Weilin Peng, Xuan Chen, Xiaohong Jiang, Miao Yu, Ming Li, Yanfang Huang, Xiaoyu Yang
Vitrification of embryos is a routine procedure in IVF (in vitro fertilization) laboratories. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect of vitrification on mouse preimplantation embryo development in vitro, and effect on the epigenetic status of imprinted gene Grb10 in mouse embryos. The blastocyst formation rate for vitrified 8-cell embryos was similar to the non-vitrified 8-cell embryos, whereas the blastocyst hatching rate was lower than that of the non-vitrified group. The expression level of Grb10 major-type transcript decreased significantly in vitrified blastocysts compared with non-vitrified and in vivo blastocysts...
September 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693635/acetylation-and-methylation-profiles-of-h3k27-in-porcine-embryos-cultured-in-vitro
#15
Luciana Simões Rafagnin Marinho, Vitor Braga Rissi, Andressa Guidugli Lindquist, Marcelo Marcondes Seneda, Vilceu Bordignon
Methylation and acetylation of histone H3 at lysine 27 (H3K27) regulate chromatin structure and gene expression during early embryo development. While H3K27 acetylation (H3K27ac) is associated with active gene expression, H3K27 methylation (H3K27me) is linked to transcriptional repression. The aim of this study was to assess the profile of H3K27 acetylation and methylation (mono-, di- and trimethyl) during oocyte maturation and early development in vitro of porcine embryos. Oocytes/embryos were fixed at different developmental stages from germinal vesicle to day 8 blastocysts and submitted to an immunocytochemistry protocol to identify the presence and quantify the immunofluorescence intensity of H3K27ac, H3K27me1, H3K27me2 and H3K27me3...
July 11, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693630/developmental-competence-of-dromedary-camel-camelus-dromedarius-oocytes-selected-using-brilliant-cresyl-blue-staining
#16
Mohamed Fathi, Mohamed Ashry, Ali Salama, Magdy R Badr
The objectives of the present studies were to investigate the developmental capacity of dromedary camel oocytes selected by brilliant cresyl blue (BCB) staining and to investigate the expression of select transcripts in germinal vesicle (GV) stage oocytes. These transcripts included BMP15 and GDF9 as important transcripts for folliculogenesis and oocyte development, Zar1 and Mater as maternal transcripts required for embryonic development, Cyclin B1 and CDK1 as cell cycle regulators and Oct4 and STAT3 as transcription factors...
July 11, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685057/iwp2-impairs-the-development-of-porcine-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer-embryos-via-wnt-signaling-pathway-inactivation
#17
Yongye Huang, Lin Yuan, Tianye Li, Xiangfu Liu, Yang Yu, Hongsheng Ouyang, Bing Wang
Wnt signaling is critical in embryonic development and post-embryonic tissue homeostasis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression levels of canonical Wnt signaling genes in porcine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed in porcine SCNT embryos, and the results indicated that the temporal expression patterns of canonical signaling genes were similar between in vivo and SCNT embryos from the 2-cell to the blastocyst stage...
July 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684962/nanog-dynamics-in-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells-results-from-systems-biology-approaches
#18
REVIEW
Lucia Marucci
Mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs), derived from the inner cell mass of the blastocyst, are pluripotent stem cells having self-renewal capability and the potential of differentiating into every cell type under the appropriate culture conditions. An increasing number of reports have been published to uncover the molecular mechanisms that orchestrate pluripotency and cell fate specification using combined computational and experimental methodologies. Here, we review recent systems biology approaches to describe the causes and functions of gene expression heterogeneity and complex temporal dynamics of pluripotency markers in mESCs under uniform culture conditions...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679464/linoleic-la-and-linolenic-ala-acid-concentrations-in-follicular-fluid-of-prepubertal-goats-and-their-effect-on-oocyte-in-vitro-maturation-and-embryo-development
#19
Montserrat Roura, María G Catalá, Sandra Soto-Heras, Sondes Hammami, Dolors Izquierdo, Ali Fouladi-Nashta, Maria-Teresa Paramio
In this study we assessed the concentration of linoleic acid (LA) and linolenic acid (ALA) in follicular fluid of prepubertal goats according to follicle size (<3mm or ≥3mm) by gas chromatography and tested the addition of different LA and ALA (LA:ALA) concentration ratios (50:50, 100:50 and 200:50µM) to the IVM medium on embryo development, mitochondrial activity, ATP concentration and relative gene expression (RPL19, ribosomal protein L19; SLC2A1, facilitated glucose transporter 1; ATF4, activating transcription factor 4; GPX1, glutathione peroxidase 1; HSPA5, heat-shock protein family A 70 kDa; GAPDH, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase; DNMT1, DNA methyltransferase 1; GCLC, glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit; SOD1, superoxide dismutase 1)...
July 6, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673989/quadrupling-efficiency-in-production-of-genetically-modified-pigs-through-improved-oocyte-maturation
#20
Ye Yuan, Lee D Spate, Bethany K Redel, Yuchen Tian, Jie Zhou, Randall S Prather, R Michael Roberts
Assisted reproductive technologies in all mammals are critically dependent on the quality of the oocytes used to produce embryos. For reasons not fully clear, oocytes matured in vitro tend to be much less competent to become fertilized, advance to the blastocyst stage, and give rise to live young than their in vivo-produced counterparts, particularly if they are derived from immature females. Here we show that a chemically defined maturation medium supplemented with three cytokines (FGF2, LIF, and IGF1) in combination, so-called "FLI medium," improves nuclear maturation of oocytes in cumulus-oocyte complexes derived from immature pig ovaries and provides a twofold increase in the efficiency of blastocyst production after in vitro fertilization...
July 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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