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Blastocyst transfer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345446/the-first-south-american-case-of-pre-implantation-genetic-diagnosis-to-select-compatible-embryo-for-cord-blood-transplantation-as-treatment-for-sickle-cell-anemia
#1
Ciro D Martinhago, Kalina Rn Endo, Mariana A Oliveira, Alex Mm Dias, Gislaine S Pereira, Augusto M Azzolini, Paula Rq Estrada, Caio G Bruzaca, Ana Carolina N Martinhago
Sickle cell anemia is an inherited systemic hemoglobinopathy that affects hemoglobin production in red blood cells, leading to early morbidity and mortality. It is caused by a homozygous nucleotide substitution (c.20A>T) in the β-globin gene (HBB) that changes a glutamic acid to a valine in the protein. We present a case report of a fertile couple, both carriers of the sickle cell anemia mutation, with one affected daughter. Six cycles of assisted reproductive techniques were performed, resulting in 53 embryos in cleavage stage...
January 18, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345310/a-potential-role-of-knockout-serum-replacement-as-a-porcine-follicular-fluid-substitute-for-in-vitro-maturation-lipid-metabolism-approach
#2
Jun-Xue Jin, Sanghoon Lee, Erif Maha Nugraha Setyawan, Anukul Taweechaipaisankul, Geon A Kim, Ho Jae Han, Curie Ahn, Byeong Chun Lee
The use of supplements, such as porcine follicular fluid (pFF), fetal bovine serum and human serum albumin are widely used during in vitro maturation (IVM) in different species but these supplements contain undefined components that cause technical difficulties in standardization and influence the efficiency of IVM. Knockout serum replacement (KSR) is a synthetic protein source, without any undefined growth factors or differentiation-promoting factors. Therefore, it is feasible to use KSR as a defined component for avoiding effects of unknown molecules in an IVM system...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338855/vitrified-blastocyst-transfer-cycles-with-the-use-of-only-vaginal-progesterone-replacement-with-endometrin-have-inferior-ongoing-pregnancy-rates-results-from-the-planned-interim-analysis-of-a-three-arm-randomized-controlled-noninferiority-trial
#3
Kate Devine, Kevin S Richter, Eric A Widra, Jeffrey L McKeeby
OBJECTIVE: To assess the noninferiority of vaginal P (Endometrin) compared with daily intramuscular P for replacement in programmed vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfer cycles and to assess the noninferiority of vaginal P in combination with intramuscular progesterone every third day compared with daily intramuscular P. DESIGN: Three-arm randomized controlled noninferiority study. To enable early recognition of inferiority if present, an a priori interim analysis was planned and completed once ongoing pregnancy data were available for 50% of the total enrollment goal...
January 12, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338139/occurrence-of-ovarian-follicular-dominance-during-stimulation-for-ivm-impacts-usable-blastocyst-yield
#4
Sergio Romero, Ricardo Pella, Francisco Escudero, Ygor Pérez, Mario García, Patricia Orihuela
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of ovarian follicular dominance on the outcome of oocyte in-vitro maturation. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 21 patients with polycystic ovaries or polycystic ovary syndrome (Rotterdam criteria, 2004) subjected to 24 in-vitro maturation (IVM) cycles between October 2015 and January 2017. Patients undergoing IVM received minimal gonadotropin stimulation starting on day 2 or 3 of the cycle; ovum pick-up typically occurred on days 6 to 8...
January 17, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338137/morphological-embryo-selection-an-elective-single-embryo-transfer-proposal
#5
Francisco Parera Déniz, Carlos Encinas, Jorge La Fuente
OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient selection method for elective single embryo transfer (eSET), emphasizing inclusion criteria and results. METHODS: This retrospective study included all cases seen in a private clinic between June 2011 and December 2016, in La Paz, Bolivia (3600 meters above sea level). Elective single embryo transfer was the method of choice in 34 IVF/ICSI cycles, all in the blastocyst stage. Gardner's blastocyst classification criteria were used...
January 17, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327111/the-role-of-the-endometrial-receptivity-array-era-in-patients-who-have-failed-euploid-embryo-transfers
#6
J Tan, A Kan, J Hitkari, B Taylor, N Tallon, G Warraich, A Yuzpe, G Nakhuda
PURPOSE: Endometrial receptivity issues represent a potential source of implantation failure. The aim of this study was to document our experience with the endometrial receptivity array (ERA) among patients with a history of euploid blastocyst implantation failure. We investigated whether the contribution of the endometrial factor could be identified with the ERA test and if actionable results can lead to improved outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed for 88 patients who underwent ERA testing between 2014 and 2017...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322346/study-on-the-incidence-and-influences-on-heterotopic-pregnancy-from-embryo-transfer-of-fresh-cycles-and-frozen-thawed-cycles
#7
Shan Xiao, Meilan Mo, Xiaodong Hu, Hongzhan Zhang, Shiru Xu, Zhuran Wang, Yong Zeng
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the heterotopic pregnancy rate using fresh versus frozen-thawed embryo transfers and factors associated with heterotopic pregnancy (HP). Management and clinical outcomes after heterotopic pregnancy were also evaluated. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we included 12,484 women who had clinical pregnancies after in vitro fertilization treatment at our fertility center between 2012 and 2017. Patients received fresh day 3 embryos (F-D3 group), fresh day 5 blastocysts (F-D5 group), frozen-thawed day 3 embryos (T-D3 group), or frozen-thawed day 5 or 6 blastocysts (T-D5/6 groups) transfers...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315321/inner-cell-mass-incarceration-in-8-shaped-blastocysts-does-not-increase-monozygotic-twinning-in-preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-and-screening-patients
#8
Yi-Fan Gu, Qin-Wei Zhou, Shuo-Ping Zhang, Chang-Fu Lu, Fei Gong, Yue-Qiu Tan, Guang-Xiu Lu, Ge Lin
BACKGROUND: The use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) has been reported to increase the incidence of monozygotic twinning (MZT) compared with the incidence following natural conception. It has been hypothesized that splitting of the inner cell mass (ICM) through a small zona hole may result in MZT. In this study, using a cohort of patients undergoing preimplantation genetic diagnosis/screening (PGD/PGS), we compared the clinical and neonatal outcomes of human 8-shaped blastocysts hatching with ICM incarceration with partially or fully hatched blastocysts, and attempted to verify whether this phenomenon increases the incidence of MZT pregnancy or negatively impact newborns...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303234/platelet-rich-plasma-as-an-adjuvant-in-the-endometrial-preparation-of-patients-with-refractory-endometrium
#9
Aixa Molina, Jose Sánchez, William Sánchez, Vanessa Vielma
OBJECTIVE: To improve endometrial quality and implantation rates after the administration of platelet-rich plasma in patients with refractory endometrium. METHODS: 19 patients undergoing in vitro fertilization, aged between 33 and 45 years with a history of refractory endometrium, to whom platelet rich plasma was given by infusion with a catheter into the uterine cavity on the tenth day of the hormone replacement therapy, and then 72 hours after the first administration...
January 5, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301091/the-cyclin-dependent-kinase-inhibitor-jnj-7706621-improves-in-vitro-developmental-competence-of-porcine-parthenogenetic-activation-and-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer-embryos
#10
Qing Guo, Long Jin, Hai-Ying Zhu, Xiao-Xu Xing, Mei-Fu Xuan, Qi-Rong Luo, Guang-Lei Zhang, Zhao-Bo Luo, Jun-Xia Wang, Xi-Jun Yin, Jin-Dan Kang
In this study we examined the effects of JNJ-7706621, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, on the in vitro growth of pig embryos that had been produced either by parthenogenetic activation (PA) or somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). A significantly higher percentage of PA embryos reached the blastocyst stage by Day 7 after exposure to 10µM JNJ-7706621 for 4h compared with embryos exposed to 5µgmL-1 cytochalasin B for 4h (P<0.05). Similarly, the rate of Tyr15 phosphorylation of the complex of cyclin and p34cdc2 (CDK1) was significantly elevated in the JNJ-7706621-treated embryos compared with embryos exposed to cytochalasin B or non-treated controls (P<0...
January 5, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297113/frozen-blastocyst-transfer-outcomes-in-immediate-versus-delayed-subsequent-cycles-following-gnrh-agonist-or-hcg-triggers
#11
Leah Kaye, Audrey Marsidi, Puja Rai, Jeffrey Thorne, John Nulsen, Lawrence Engmann, Claudio Benadiva
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to analyze clinical pregnancy rates (CPR) and ongoing pregnancy rates (OPR) for frozen embryo transfers (FET) performed with blastocysts in the cycle immediately after GnRH agonist (GnRHa) versus human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) triggers, with outcomes of delayed FET for comparison. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study at a university-affiliated in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinic, including patients undergoing IVF between 2013-16 with a blastocyst FET performed within two menstrual cycles of a previous stimulation cycle and vaginal oocyte retrieval (VOR)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288978/expression-and-function-of-muc1-in-uterine-tissues-during-early-pregnancy-in-sheep-after-natural-oestrous-or-artificially-induced-oestrous
#12
Xiangguo Wang, Boyang Zhu, Shanhui Xiong, Xihui Sheng, Xiaolong Qi, Qizhen Huang, Chaolei Chen, Yong Guo, Hemin Ni
Mucin 1 (MUC1), a cell surface glycoprotein, is expressed mainly in the endometrial luminal epithelium (LE) and glandular epithelium (GE) of the endometrium in many mammalian species including mice, rats, pigs, sheep, horses and humans during various stages of a menstrual or oestrous cycle, where it plays an important role in embryo implantation and placentation. However, the expression and function of MUC1 in uterine tissues during early pregnancy in sheep after artificially-induced oestrous is not known. Therefore, we investigated the expression and function of MUC1 in the early pregnant and non-pregnant uterine tissues of sheep with natural oestrous or artificially-induced oestrous on days 10, 12, 14, 16 and 18 of the cycle by in situ hybridization, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemical staining and western blotting methods...
December 20, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279182/elective-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer-fet-in-women-at-risk-for-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#13
J Zech, A Brandao, M Zech, K Lugger, S Neururer, H Ulmer, E Ruttmann
Elective cryopreservation of cultured embryos has become a treatment option for women at risk for ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). The aim of our study was to investigate the outcome of elective cryopreservation and consecutive frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) in a large IVF clinic in Austria. A total of 6104 controlled ovarian hyperstimulation cycles (COH) were performed on 2998 patients including 200 patients (6.7%) who were undergoing elective cryopreservation and FET due to high risk of OHSS...
December 24, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277014/effects-of-trichostatin-a-on-pig-scnt-blastocyst-formation-rate-and-cell-number-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Zhenhua Guo, Lei Lv, Di Liu, Bo Fu
Although somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) can be used to create transgenic pigs for human xenotransplantation, low efficiency limits its use. Trichostatin A (TSA) promotes SCNT embryo development, but whether TSA modifies SCNT blastocyst numbers is unclear. Thus, there is an urgent need to understand whether TSA modifies the rate and number of embryos that grow from oocytes to blastocysts in culture and what types of cell signaling pathways may be involved. Thus, we identified 63 reports, of which 13 are included in this meta-analysis...
December 18, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259495/bilateral-tubal-pregnancies-after-a-single-embryo-transfer
#15
Nobuo Sugawara, Rie Sato, Mika Kato, Tomomi Manome, Yasuyuki Kimura, Yasuhisa Araki, Yasuyuki Araki
Case: To present an extremely rare case of bilateral tubal pregnancies following a single-embryo transfer in a woman with a 4 year history of infertility prior to seeking assisted reproductive technology. Outcome: A pregnancy resulted from the transfer of an embryo that had been thawed from a frozen blastocyst during a hormone replacement cycle. An ultrasound that was performed at 5 weeks and 5 days of gestation revealed a gestational sac, embryo, and heartbeat in the right fallopian tube and similar signs of a gestational sac in the left fallopian tube...
October 2017: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259488/evaluation-of-transfer-media-containing-different-concentrations-of-hyaluronan-for-human-in-vitro-fertilization
#16
Takuji Nishihara, Yoshiharu Morimoto
Purpose: The aim of the present prospective study was to investigate the efficacy of hyaluronan (HA) using two different concentrations as embryo transfer media for in vitro fertilization embryo transfer cycles. Methods: A total of 169 cycles undergoing fresh embryo transfer on day 2 or 3, 561 cycles undergoing frozen-thawed embryo transfer on day 2 or 3, and 484 cycles of frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer were included in this study. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: transferred with low (l-HA) or high (h-HA) concentrations of HA in transfer media...
October 2017: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259480/efficacy-of-the-endometrial-receptivity-array-for-repeated-implantation-failure-in-japan-a-retrospective-two-centers-study
#17
Tomoko Hashimoto, Masae Koizumi, Masakazu Doshida, Mayumi Toya, Eri Sagara, Nao Oka, Yukiko Nakajo, Nobuya Aono, Hideki Igarashi, Koichi Kyono
Aim: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of the endometrial receptivity array (ERA) as a diagnostic tool and the impact of personalized embryo transfer (pET) for the treatment of patients with recurrent implantation failure (RIF) in Japan. Methods: Fifty patients with a history of RIF with frozen-thawed blastocyst transfers were recruited from July, 2015 to April, 2016. Endometrial sampling for the ERA and histological dating and a pET according to the ERA were performed...
July 2017: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259479/retrospective-comparative-study-of-the-factors-affecting-birthweights-in-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer-compared-to-fresh-embryo-transfer
#18
Yuta Tsuji, Junko Otsuki, Toshiroh Iwasaki, Kohyu Furuhashi, Yukiko Matsumoto, Shoji Kokeguchi, Masahide Shiotani
Aim: Several studies have indicated that the cause of the increased birthweight of frozen-thawed embryos was associated with assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures, such as cryopreservation. In the present study, the mean birthweight of singletons was compared between the ovulatory and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) cycles in order to investigate the primary factor that leads to higher birthweights from frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET). Methods: This retrospective study was carried out from January 2011 to December 2014 on 2738 singletons who were born at 37-41 weeks' gestation, following ART in a single facility...
July 2017: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259470/potential-of-zygotes-to-produce-live-births-can-be-identified-by-the-size-of-the-male-and-female-pronuclei-just-before-their-membranes-break-down
#19
Junko Otsuki, Toshiroh Iwasaki, Yuta Tsuji, Yuya Katada, Haruka Sato, Yukari Tsutsumi, Kanae Hatano, Kohyu Furuhashi, Yukiko Matsumoto, Shoji Kokeguchi, Masahide Shiotani
Aim: To determine whether there are differences in size between the male and female pronuclei immediately before the pronuclear membrane breakdown (PNMBD) and to evaluate whether pronuclear size differences influence normal birth rates. Methods: Time-lapse photography was used to measure the size of each pronucleus, while the outcome of 71 frozen-thawed single blastocyst transfers in patients receiving hormone therapy was analyzed retrospectively. The pronuclear measurements were made 4 hours before the PNMBD, corresponding to 16-20 hours after insemination or intracytoplasmic sperm injection, and immediately before the PNMBD...
April 2017: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259469/effects-of-endometrial-injury-on-frozen-thawed-blastocyst-transfer-in-hormone-replacement-cycles
#20
Yukiko Matsumoto, Shoji Kokeguchi, Masahide Shiotani
Aim: To evaluate whether local endometrial injury would improve the pregnancy rates after frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer in cycles with hormone replacement. Methods: Seventy-seven patients who were aged <40 years with a history of at least three unsuccessful embryo transfers and who underwent frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer during hormone replacement cycles between February and June, 2013 were studied. They were allocated into two groups based on the last digit of their clinical record number: an experimental group (n=22), excluding patients who withheld consent or who were unable to undergo treatment, and a control group (n=55)...
April 2017: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
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