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Blastocyst transfer

V Muller, M Makhmadalieva, I Kogan, I Fedorova, E Lesik, E Komarova, L Dzhemlikhanova, D Niauri, A Gzgzyan, E Ailamazyan
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy (EP) has been reported to occur in 1.4-5.4% of all clinical pregnancies resulting from in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET). Data on factors associated with abnormal embryo implantation following assisted conception are limited. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine whether there is an association between the day (cleavage-stage, D3, versus blastocyst, D5) or the type (fresh versus frozen/thawed) of ET and EP rate...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Denys deCatanzaro, Tyler J Pollock
Estradiol-17β (E2) plays critical roles in female maturation, sexual receptivity, ovulation, and fertility. In many mammals, contact with males can similarly affect these female parameters, while male excretions contain significant quantities of E2 We administered radiolabeled estradiol ([(3)H]E2) to male mice in doses representing a small fraction of their endogenous E2 These males were paired with sexually-receptive females, and radioactivity was traced into the females' systems. In Experiment 1, males were given [(3)H]E2 at 24 and 1 h prior to mating...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Endocrinology
Enrico Papaleo, Luca Pagliardini, Valeria Stella Vanni, Diana Delprato, Patrizia Rubino, Massimo Candiani, Paola Viganò
A cost analysis covering direct healthcare costs relating to IVF freeze-all policy was conducted. Normal- and high- responder patients treated with a freeze-all policy (n = 63) compared with fresh transfer IVF (n = 189) matched by age, body mass index, duration and cause of infertility, predictive factors for IVF (number of oocytes used for fertilization) and study period, according to a 1:3 ratio were included. Total costs per patient (€6952 versus €6863) and mean costs per live birth were similar between the freeze-all strategy (€13,101, 95% CI 10,686 to 17,041) and fresh transfer IVF (€15,279, 95% CI 13,212 to 18,030)...
October 3, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Kristin M Whitworth, Joshua A Benne, Lee D Spate, Stephanie L Murphy, Melissa S Samuel, Clifton N Murphy, Jürgen A Richt, Eric Walters, Randall S Prather, Kevin D Wells
The CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing tool has increased the efficiency of creating genetically modified pigs for use as biomedical or agricultural models. The objectives were to determine if DNA editing resulted in a delay in development to the blastocyst stage or in a skewing of the sex ratio. Six DNA templates (gBlocks) that were designed to express guide RNAs that target the transmembrane protease, serine S1, member 2 (TMPRSS2) gene were in vitro transcribed. Pairs of CRISPR guide RNAs that flanked the start codon and polyadenylated Cas9 were co-injected into the cytoplasm of zygotes and cultured in vitro to the blastocyst stage...
October 15, 2016: Transgenic Research
Amanda Souza Setti, Rita Cássia Sávio Figueira, Daniela Paes de Almeida Ferreira Braga, Matheus de Castro Azevedo, Assumpto Iaconelli, Edson Borges
OBJECTIVE: To study whether embryos derived from oocytes presenting a smooth endoplasmic reticulum cluster (SERC) are less likely to develop into blastocysts and implant. DESIGN: Transversal study. SETTING: Private university-affiliated in vitro fertilization (IVF) center. PATIENT(S): Total of 7,609 oocytes obtained from 743 intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. INTERVENTION(S): Oocytes split between the SERC-positive cycles (with at least one SERC-positive oocyte) and the SERC-negative cycles (only oocytes free of SERC)...
October 12, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Long Jin, Hai-Ying Zhu, Qing Guo, Xiao-Chen Li, Yu-Chen Zhang, Cheng-Du Cui, Wen-Xue Li, Zheng-Yun Cui, Xi-Jun Yin, Jin-Dan Kang
Cloning remains as an important technique to enhance the reconstitution and distribution of animal population with high-genetic merit. One of the major detrimental factors of this technique is the abnormal epigenetic modifications. MGCD0103 is known as a histone deacetylase inhibitor. In this study, we investigated the effect of MGCD0103 on the in vitro blastocyst formation rate in porcine somatic cell nuclear transferred (SCNT) embryos and expression in acetylation of the histone H3 lysine 9 and histone H4 lysine 12...
September 13, 2016: Theriogenology
L Antonio González-Grajales, Laura A Favetta, W Allan King, Gabriela F Mastromonaco
BACKGROUND: Successful development of iSCNT (interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer) embryos depends on complex interactions between ooplasmic and nuclear components, which can be compromised by genetic divergence. Transfer of ooplasm matching the genetic background of the somatic cell in iSCNT embryos is a valuable tool to study the degree of incompatibilities between nuclear and ooplasmic components. This study investigated the effects of ooplasm transfer (OT) on cattle (Bos taurus) and plains bison (Bison bison bison) embryos produced by iSCNT and supplemented with or without ooplasm from cattle or plains bison oocytes...
October 13, 2016: BMC Developmental Biology
Ramiro Olivera, Lucia Natalia Moro, Roberto Jordan, Carlos Luzzani, Santiago Miriuka, Martin Radrizzani, F Xavier Donadeu, Gabriel Vichera
The demand for equine cloning as a tool to preserve high genetic value is growing worldwide; however, nuclear transfer efficiency is still very low. To address this issue, we first evaluated the effects of time from cell fusion to activation (<1h, n = 1261; 1-2h, n = 1773; 2-3h, n = 1647) on in vitro and in vivo development of equine embryos generated by cloning. Then, we evaluated the effects of using different nuclear donor cell types in two successive experiments: I) induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) vs...
2016: PloS One
W P Martins, C O Nastri, L Rienzi, S Z van der Poel, C Gracia, C Racowsky
OBJECTIVES: Blastocyst transfer could be advantageous because it allows a more physiologic timing of exposure of the embryo to the uterine environment and permit embryo self-selection after activation of the embryonic genome on day 3. Conversely, the in vitro environment is probably inferior to that provided in vivo and in vitro culture beyond embryonic genomic activation could potentially harm embryos. Our objective was to identify, appraise and summarize the available evidence comparing the effectiveness of blastocyst and cleavage stage embryo transfer...
October 12, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Kindra Rader, Young-Ho Choi, Katrin Hinrichs
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is becoming a common clinical procedure in the horse, but little information is available on techniques for its performance. Each laboratory uses different procedures and different media for the steps involved with in vitro embryo production. This article outlines the procedures used in the Clinical Equine Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection Program at Texas A&M University for in vitro blastocyst production during the past 3 years.
October 8, 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
Mohamad Irani, Rony T Elias, Nigel Pereira, Vinay Gunnala, Zev Rosenwaks
With the availability of the highly sensitive β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) assays, all pregnancies, including ectopic pregnancies (EP), are expected to have detectable serum β-hCG at 4 weeks' gestation or 9 days following blastocyst transfer. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a woman who underwent in vitro fertilization, had undetectable serum β-hCG 9 days after blastocyst transfer, and was then diagnosed with a ruptured abdominal EP and intra-abdominal bleeding 19 days later. This case highlights that the rise in serum β-hCG might be delayed in abdominal EP compared to intrauterine pregnancy...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Jigal Haas, Jim Meriano, Carl Laskin, Yaakov Bentov, Eran Barzilay, Robert F Casper, Ken Cadesky
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the pregnancy rates between good quality blastocysts vitrified on day 6 versus blastocysts vitrified on day 5 after fertilization. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 791 freeze-thaw cycles of blastocysts vitrified either on day 5 or on day 6 and transferred between January 2012 and October 2015. Five hundred and thirty-seven cycles included blastocysts vitrified on day 5, and 254 cycles included blastocysts vitrified on day 6...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Marta Czernik, Domenico Iuso, Paola Toschi, Saadi Khochbin, Pasqualino Loi
This protocol describes how to convert the chromatin structure of sheep and mouse somatic cells into spermatid-like nuclei through the heterologous expression of the protamine 1 gene (Prm1). Furthermore, we also provide step-by-step instructions for somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) of Prm1-remodeled somatic nuclei in sheep oocytes. There is evidence that changing the organization of a somatic cell nucleus with that which mirrors the spermatozoon nucleus leads to better nuclear reprogramming. The protocol may have further potential application in determining the protamine and histone footprints of the whole genome; obtaining 'gametes' from somatic cells; and furthering understanding of the molecular mechanisms regulating the maintenance of DNA methylation in imprinted control regions during male gametogenesis...
November 2016: Nature Protocols
H L Sun, L N Meng, X Zhao, J R Jiang, Q Y Liu, D S Shi, F H Lu
Buffalo are characteristic livestock of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China, but their low reproductive capacity necessitates the use of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). We investigated the effects of RG108 on DNA methylation in buffalo adult fibroblasts, and on subsequent SCNT embryo development. RG108 treatment (0, 5, 10, 20, and 100 mM) had no effect on cell morphology, viability, or karyotype (2n = 48), and cell growth followed a typical "S" curve. Immunohistochemistry showed that relative DNA methylation gradually decreased as RG108 concentration increased, and was significantly lower in the 20 and 100 mM groups compared to the 0, 5, and 10 mM treatments (0...
September 2, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Nilay Kuşcu, Mariano Bizzarri, Arturo Bevilacqua
Myo-inositol (myo-Ins) has a physiological role in mammalian gametogenesis and embryonic development and a positive clinical impact on human medically assisted reproduction. We have previously shown that mouse embryo exposure to myo-Ins through preimplantation development in vitro increases proliferation activity and blastocyst production, representing an improvement in culture conditions. We have herein investigated biochemical mechanisms elicited by myo-Ins in preimplantation embryos and evaluated myo-Ins effects on postimplantation/postnatal development...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
Y Lee, H Lee, B Park, F Elahi, J Lee, S T Lee, C K Park, S H Hyun, E Lee
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) treatment during in vitro maturation (IVM) on nuclear maturation, intraoocyte glutathione (GSH) content, meiotic progression, and developmental competence after parthenogenesis (PA) and somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) in pigs. Medium-199 containing 10% (vol/vol) porcine follicular fluid (PFF; PPF control) or 0.4% (wt/vol) fatty acid-free BSA (BSA control) was used for IVM. The proportion of oocytes reaching the metaphase II (MII) stage was not influenced by ALA treatment at various concentrations (50, 100, and 200 μ)...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
Susan M Maxwell, Pere Colls, Brooke Hodes-Wertz, David H McCulloh, Caroline McCaffrey, Dagan Wells, Santiago Munné, James A Grifo
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether undetected aneuploidy contributes to pregnancy loss after transfer of euploid embryos that have undergone array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH). DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: University-based fertility center. PATIENT(S): Cases included 38 patients who underwent frozen euploid ET as determined by aCGH, resulting in miscarriage. Controls included 38 patients who underwent frozen euploid ET as determined by aCGH, resulting in a live birth...
September 27, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Dong-Kyung Lee, Chi-Hun Park, Kwang-Hwan Choi, Yeon-Ik Jeong, Kyung-Jun Uh, Jae Yeon Hwang, Sang-Goo Lee, Chang-Kyu Lee
The development of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) from large animal species has become an important model for therapeutic cloning using ESCs derived by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). However, poor embryo quality and blastocyst formation have been major limitations for derivation of cloned ESCs (ntESCs). In this study, we have tried to overcome these problems by treating these cells with histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) and aggregating porcine embryos. First, cloned embryos were treated with Scriptaid to confirm the effect of HDACi on cloned embryo quality...
October 3, 2016: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
Jin Hee Eum, Jae Kyun Park, So Young Kim, Soo Kyung Paek, Hyun Ha Seok, Eun Mi Chang, Dong Ryul Lee, Woo Sik Lee
OBJECTIVE: Assisted reproductive technology has been associated with an increase in multiple pregnancies. The most effective strategy for reducing multiple pregnancies is single embryo transfer. Beginning in October 2015, the National Supporting Program for Infertility in South Korea has limited the number of embryos that can be transferred per in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle depending on the patient's age. However, little is known regarding the effect of age and number of transferred embryos on the clinical outcomes of Korean patients...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
Yong Soo Hur, Eun Kyung Ryu, San Hyun Yoon, Kyung Sil Lim, Won Don Lee, Jin Ho Lim
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to compare the effects of static culture, dynamic culture, and the combination of dynamic culture with specialized surfaces involving co-culture on human embryonic development. Embryos cultured using conventional static culture (SC) techniques served as a control group. We compared dynamic culture using micro-vibration culture (MVC) and micro-vibration with co-culture (MCoC), in which autologous cumulus cells were used as a specialized surface. METHODS: We conducted a chart review of patients who were treated between January 2011 and November 2014 in order to compare embryonic development rates and pregnancy rates among the groups...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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