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Blastocyst transfer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428943/pathogenic-variant-in-nlrp7-19q13-42-associated-with-recurrent-gestational-trophoblastic-disease-data-from-early-embryo-development-observed-during-in-vitro-fertilization
#1
E Scott Sills, Alexandra J Obregon-Tito, Harry Gao, Thomas K McWilliams, Anthony T Gordon, Catharine A Adams, Rima Slim
OBJECTIVE: To describe in vitro development of human embryos derived from an individual with a homozygous pathogenic variant in NLRP7 (19q13.42) and recurrent hydatidiform mole (HM), an autosomal recessive condition thought to occur secondary to an oocyte defect. METHODS: A patient with five consecutive HM pregnancies was genomically evaluated via next generation sequencing followed by controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, in vitro fertilization (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection, embryo culture, and preimplantation genetic screening...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428939/effects-of-sperm-insemination-on-the-final-meiotic-maturation-of-mouse-oocytes-arrested-at-metaphase-i-after-in-vitro-maturation
#2
Jeong Yoon, Kyoung-Mi Juhn, San-Hyun Yoon, Yong Ko, Jin-Ho Lim
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate whether fertilization could induce the resumption of meiosis in mouse oocytes arrested at metaphase I (MI) after in vitro maturation (IVM), and to investigate the effect of Ca(2)(+) chelator treatment at the time of fertilization on the transition from MI to metaphase II (MII). METHODS: MII-stage and arrested MI-stage mouse oocytes after IVM were fertilized, and then embryonic development was monitored. Blastocysts from each group were transferred into 2...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427857/vitrified-warmed-single-embryo-transfers-may-be-associated-with-increased-maternal-complications-compared-with-fresh-single-embryo-transfers
#3
Tal Shavit, Galia Oron, Son Weon-Young, Hananel Holzer, Togas Tulandi
Cryopreservation of embryos allows single-embryo transfer and storage of supernumerary embryos, maximizing cumulative pregnancy rates. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to compare pregnancy outcome in singletons born after fresh or vitrified-warmed single blastocyst transfer (SBT). Singleton live births resulting from SBT of fresh or vitrified-warmed embryos were compared. Primary outcomes were perinatal outcomes including small for gestational age (SGA), low birthweight, preterm deliveries (PTD), large for gestational age (LGA) and congenital malformations...
April 6, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421495/chapter-11-human-embryo-vitrification
#4
Juergen Liebermann
Cryopreservation is one of the keystones in clinical infertility treatment. In particular vitrification has become a well-established and widely used routine procedure that has allowed important expansion of therapeutic strategies when IVF is used to treat infertility. Vitrification of human blastocysts allows us to maximize the potential for conception from any single in vitro fertilization cycle and prevents wastage of embryos. The technology may even be used to eliminate fresh embryo transfers for reasons of convenience, uterine receptivity, fertility preservation, preimplantation genetic diagnosis, or emergency management...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419839/near-infrared-laser-irradiation-improves-the-development-of-mouse-pre-implantation-embryos
#5
Masaki Yokoo, Miho Mori
The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of near-infrared laser irradiation on the in vitro development of mouse embryos. Female ICR mice were superovulated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and mated with male mice. Two-cell stage embryos were collected 40 h after administering hCG and cultured in M16 medium. Two-cell embryos (0 h after culture), 8-cell embryos (approx. 30 h after culture), morula (approx. 48 h after culture), and blastocysts (approx...
April 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416291/cumulative-live-birth-rate-after-gnrh-agonist-trigger-and-elective-cryopreservation-of-all-embryos-in-high-responders
#6
Veljko Vlaisavljević, Borut Kovačič, Jure Knez
Elective embryo cryopreservation after using gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist protocols and GnRH agonist triggering is becoming an increasingly important part of medically assisted reproduction. We designed a single-centre retrospective study to assess the cumulative probability of achieving a live birth through consecutive transfers of vitrified-warmed blastocysts after elective embryo cryopreservation in high-responding patients. Hence, 123 women identified to be at high risk for developing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome were included...
April 7, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407864/birth-of-cloned-mice-from-vaginal-smear-cells-after-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer
#7
Hiroki Kuwayama, Yoshiaki Tanabe, Teruhiko Wakayama, Satoshi Kishigami
Less invasive methods for donor cell collection will facilitate reproduction of wild animals using somatic-cell nuclear transfer. Stages of the estrous cycle in mice have long been studies using somatic cells that can be collected from vaginal walls using cotton tipped swabs in a relatively non-invasive manner. In this study, we examined the feasibility of these cells as sources of nuclei for somatic-cell cloning using nuclear transfer. Estrous cycles generally comprise proestrus, estrus, metestrus, and diestrus stages...
May 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407860/effects-of-mg132-on-the-in%C3%A2-vitro-development-and-epigenetic-modification-of-debao-porcine-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer-embryos
#8
Kaiyuan Shen, Xiangping Li, Xiaoli Dai, Ping Wang, Sheng Li, Zhaocheng Xiong, Peifang Chen, Qingyou Liu, Deshun Shi
The present study was undertaken to examine the effect of MG132, a proteasome inhibitor, on the in vitro development, zygotic genome activation (ZGA) and epigenetic modification of Debao porcine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. Treatment of oocytes with 1 μM MG132 from 30 h to 42 h of maturation and SCNT embryos with 5 μM MG132 for 2 h after fusion resulted in higher blastocyst yield (36.5%) of SCNT embryos compared with the control group (11.0%). The ZGA of SCNT embryos at 2- and 4-cell stages was also enhanced by MG132 treatment through altering the RNA pol II status and increasing the expression of eIF3A and TFIIA...
May 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406938/dual-effect-of-fetal-bovine-serum-on-early-development-depends-on-stage-specific-reactive-oxygen-species-demands-in-pigs
#9
Seong-Eun Mun, Bo-Woong Sim, Seung-Bin Yoon, Pil-Soo Jeong, Hae-Jun Yang, Seon-A Choi, Young-Ho Park, Young-Hyun Kim, Philyong Kang, Kang-Jin Jeong, Youngjeon Lee, Yeung Bae Jin, Bong-Seok Song, Ji-Su Kim, Jae-Won Huh, Sang-Rae Lee, Young-Kuk Choo, Sun-Uk Kim, Kyu-Tae Chang
Despite the application of numerous supplements to improve in vitro culture (IVC) conditions of mammalian cells, studies regarding the effect of fetal bovine serum (FBS) on mammalian early embryogenesis, particularly in relation to redox homeostasis, are lacking. Herein, we demonstrated that early development of in vitro-produced (IVP) porcine embryos highly depends on the combination of FBS supplementation timing and embryonic reactive oxygen species (ROS) requirements. Interestingly, FBS significantly reduced intracellular ROS levels in parthenogenetically activated (PA) embryos regardless of the developmental stage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402555/deregulation-of-the-endometrial-stromal-cell-secretome-precedes-embryo-implantation-failure
#10
Ruban Rex Peter Durairaj, Asma Aberkane, Lukasz Polanski, Yojiro Maruyama, Miriam Baumgarten, Emma S Lucas, Siobhan Quenby, Jerry K Y Chan, Nick Raine-Fenning, Jan J Brosens, Hilde Van de Velde, Yie Hou Lee
STUDY QUESTION: Is implantation failure following ART associated with a perturbed decidual response in endometrial stromal cells (EnSCs)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Dynamic changes in the secretome of decidualizing EnSCs underpin the transition of a hostile to a supportive endometrial microenvironment for embryo implantation; perturbation in this transitional pathway prior to ART is associated with implantation failure. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Implantation is the rate-limiting step in ART, although the contribution of an aberrant endometrial microenvironment in IVF failure remains ill defined...
April 10, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398491/pregnancy-and-neonatal-outcomes-following-letrozole-use-in-frozen-thawed-single-embryo-transfer-cycles
#11
T Tatsumi, S C Jwa, A Kuwahara, M Irahara, T Kubota, H Saito
STUDY QUESTION: Are pregnancy and neonatal outcomes following letrozole use comparable with natural and HRT cycles in patients undergoing single frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Letrozole use was significantly associated with higher rates of clinical pregnancy, clinical pregnancy with fetal heart beat and live birth, and with a lower rate of miscarriage, compared with natural and HRT cycles. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Letrozole is the most commonly used aromatase inhibitor for mild ovarian stimulation in ART...
April 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398477/elective-embryo-transfers-on-day-6-reduce-implantation-compared-with-transfers-on-day-5
#12
V Poulsen, H J Ingerslev, K Kirkegaard
STUDY QUESTION: Is there a difference in pregnancy rates between embryos transferred electively on Day 5 and Day 6, respectively? SUMMARY ANSWER: The chance of pregnancy is significantly reduced (odds ratio (OR): 0.34; 95% CI 0.22-0.52) if transfer is performed on Day 6 compared with Day 5. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Several studies report that Day 5 transfers have higher implantation rates (IRs) when compared with Day 6 transfers. These studies were based on non-elective Day 6 transfers, where transfers on Day 6 were performed with developmentally delayed embryos...
April 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397982/generation-of-chimeric-minipigs-by-aggregating-4-to-8-cell-stage-blastomeres-from-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer-with-the-tracing-of-enhanced-green-fluorescent-protein
#13
Huili Ji, Chuan Long, Chong Feng, Ningning Shi, Yingdi Jiang, Guomin Zeng, Xirui Li, Jingjing Wu, Lin Lu, Shengsheng Lu, Dengke Pan
BACKGROUND: Blastocyst complementation is an important technique for generating chimeric organs in organ-deficient pigs, which holds great promise for solving the problem of a shortage of organs for human transplantation procedures. Porcine chimeras have been generated using embryonic germ cells, embryonic stem cells, and induced pluripotent stem cells; however, there are no authentic pluripotent stem cells for pigs. In previous studies, blastomeres from 4- to 8-cell-stage parthenogenetic embryos were able to generate chimeric fetuses efficiently, but the resulting fetuses did not produce live-born young...
April 11, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393271/analysis-of-implantation-and-ongoing-pregnancy-rates-following-the-transfer-of-mosaic-diploid-aneuploid-blastocysts
#14
Elpida Fragouli, Samer Alfarawati, Katharina Spath, Dhruti Babariya, Nicoletta Tarozzi, Andrea Borini, Dagan Wells
Preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) is widely used in IVF and aims to improve outcomes by avoiding aneuploid embryo transfers. Chromosomal mosaicism is extremely common in early development and could affect the efficacy of PGT-A by causing incorrect embryo classification. Recent innovations have allowed accurate mosaicism detection in trophectoderm samples taken from blastocysts. However, there is little data concerning the impact of mosaicism on viability, and the optimal clinical pathway for such embryos is unclear...
April 9, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390692/detection-of-mosaicism-at-blastocyst-stage-with-the-use-of-high-resolution-next-generation-sequencing
#15
REVIEW
Santiago Munné, Dagan Wells
A significant proportion of human preimplantation embryos produced during the course of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments contain two or more cytogenetically distinct cell lines. This phenomenon, known as chromosomal mosaicism, can involve the presence of cells with different types of aneuploidy in the absence of any normal cells or a mixture of euploid and abnormal cells. Although a high prevalence of mosaicism at the cleavage and blastocyst stages has been appreciated for two decades, the precise frequency of the phenomenon and its consequences for embryo viability have been difficult to quantify...
April 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390470/supplementation-of-culture-medium-with-l-carnitine-improves-the-development-and-cryotolerance-of-in-vitro-produced-porcine-embryos
#16
J L Lowe, L K Bartolac, R Bathgate, C G Grupen
Porcine oocytes and embryos contain substantial amounts of lipid, with little known regarding its metabolic role during development. This study investigated the role of lipid metabolism and the interaction between carbohydrate and lipid substrates in porcine embryos. Following in vitro fertilisation, presumptive zygotes were transferred to culture medium supplemented with L-carnitine, a co-factor required for the metabolism of fatty acids. In porcine zygote medium-3 (PZM-3), which contains pyruvate and lactate, 3mM L-carnitine was the only dose that improved cleavage rates compared with the control...
April 10, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387858/mitochondrial-dna-quantification-as-a-tool-for-embryo-viability-assessment-retrospective-analysis-of-data-from-single-euploid-blastocyst-transfers
#17
K Ravichandran, C McCaffrey, J Grifo, A Morales, M Perloe, S Munne, D Wells, E Fragouli
STUDY QUESTION: Does the amount of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in blastocyst biopsy specimens have the potential to serve as a biomarker of euploid embryo implantation ability, independent of morphology? SUMMARY ANSWER: The results of this study strongly suggest that elevated mtDNA levels, above a previously defined threshold, are strongly associated with blastocyst implantation failure and represent an independent biomarker of embryo viability. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Improved methods of embryo selection are highly desirable in order to increase the efficiency of IVF treatment...
April 6, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386815/endometrial-injury-the-quality-of-embryos-and-blastocyst-transfer-are-the-most-important-prognostic-factors-for-in-vitro-fertilization-success-after-previous-repeated-unsuccessful-attempts
#18
Milan Reljič, Jure Knez, Vilma Kovač, Borut Kovačič
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to find out the most important prognostic factors for achieving a pregnancy after in vitro fertilization (IVF) in women with history of repeated unsuccessful IVF attempts. METHODS: We analyzed factors affecting pregnancy rate in a retrospective study including 429 IVF/ICSI cycles performed in women younger than 40 years with at least three previous consecutive failed IVF/ICSI attempts. RESULTS: Clinical pregnancy was observed in 140/429 (32...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385334/live-birth-derived-from-oocyte-spindle-transfer-to-prevent-mitochondrial-disease
#19
John Zhang, Hui Liu, Shiyu Luo, Zhuo Lu, Alejandro Chávez-Badiola, Zitao Liu, Mingxue Yang, Zaher Merhi, Sherman J Silber, Santiago Munné, Michalis Konstandinidis, Dagan Wells, Taosheng Huang
Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are maternally inherited and can cause fatal or debilitating mitochondrial disorders. The severity of clinical symptoms is often associated with the level of mtDNA mutation load or degree of heteroplasmy. Current clinical options to prevent transmission of mtDNA mutations to offspring are limited. Experimental spindle transfer in metaphase II oocytes, also called mitochondrial replacement therapy, is a novel technology for preventing mtDNA transmission from oocytes to pre-implantation embryos...
April 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380503/histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-m344-significantly-improves-nuclear-reprogramming-blastocyst-quality-and-in-vitro-developmental-capacity-of-cloned-pig-embryos
#20
L Jin, Q Guo, H-Y Zhu, X-X Xing, G-L Zhang, M-F Xuan, Q-R Luo, Z-B Luo, J-X Wang, H-M Choe, H-J Paek, X-J Yin, J-D Kang
M344 is a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor. There is no report on the effect of M344 treatment on the development of pig embryos after somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). In the present study, we investigated the effect of M344 on the blastocyst formation rate in cloned embryos, acetylation level of histone H4 lysine 12 (AcH4K12), and the expression of pluripotency-related genes , , and . Our results indicated that treatment with 5 µ M344 for 6 h improved the development of porcine embryos, in comparison with the untreated group (25...
March 2017: Journal of Animal Science
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