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Blastocyst transfer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145719/maintained-mpf-level-after-oocyte-vitrification-improves-embryonic-development-after-ivf-but-not-after-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer
#1
Ji I Baek, Dong-Won Seol, Ah-Reum Lee, Woo Sik Lee, Sook-Young Yoon, Dong Ryul Lee
Levels of maturation-promoting factor (MPF) in oocytes decline after vitrification, and this decline has been suggested as one of the main causes of low developmental competence resulting from cryoinjury. Here, we evaluated MPF activity in vitrified mouse eggs following treatment with caffeine, a known stimulator of MPF activity, and/or the proteasome inhibitor MG132. Collected MII oocytes were vitrified and divided into four groups: untreated, 10 mM caffeine (CA), 10 μM MG132 (MG), and 10 mM caffeine +10 μM MG132 (CA+MG)...
November 16, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142449/single-blastocyst-transfer-the-key-to-reduce-multiple-pregnancy-rates-without-compromising-the-live-birth-rate
#2
Uma M Sundhararaj, Monali V Madne, Reeta Biliangady, Sumana Gurunath, Ambika G Swamy, Indu S T Gopal
Background: Historically, to achieve higher pregnancy rates, multiple embryos were transferred after an in-vitro fertilisation (IVF). However, this practice is being reassessed, because it leads to multiple pregnancies that is known to cause adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Aim: To compare the pregnancy outcomes in fresh IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles among women undergoing elective single blastocyst transfer (eSBT) vs. those undergoing double blastocyst transfer (DBT)...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140111/purging-exhausted-virus-specific-cd8-t-cell-phenotypes-by-somatic-cell-reprogramming
#3
Joshua Chan, Patrick Y Kim, Emiko Kranz, Yoshiko Nagaoka, YooJin Lee, Jing Wen, Heidi J Elsaesser, Meng Qin, David G Brooks, Gene-Errol Ringpis, Irvin S Y Chen, Masakazu Kamata
Cytotoxic T cells are critical in controlling virus infections. However, continuous antigen stimulation and negative regulatory factors cause CD8 T cells to enter a dysfunctional state (T cell exhaustion), resulting in viral persistence. We hypothesized that the exhausted T cell state could be molecularly rejuvenated using a somatic cell reprogramming technology, which is technically able to convert any types of cells to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), to regenerate functional T cells capable of purging chronic infection...
November 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135280/factors-affecting-mouse-somatic-cell-nuclear-reprogramming-by-rabbit-ooplasms
#4
Xia Huang, Lili Song, Zhiyan Zhan, Haihui Gu, Haizhong Feng, Yanxin Li
Successful development of interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer (iSCNT) embryos depends on compatibilities between ooplasmic and nuclear components. However, the mechanisms by which the compatibilities are regulated are still unknown. In this study, using mouse Oct4-green fluorescent protein (GFP) cells as donors and rabbit oocytes as recipients, we show that Oct4 and other pluripotency related genes were reactivated in some of mouse-rabbit iSCNT embryos, which could also activate Oct4 promoter-driven GFP reporter gene expression...
November 14, 2017: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134715/relationship-between-follicular-volume-and-oocyte-competence-blastocyst-development-and-live-birth-rate-optimal-follicle-size-for-oocyte-retrieval
#5
Barbara Wirleitner, Jasmin Okhowat, Lucie Vištejnová, Milena Králíčková, Marie Karlíková, Pierre Vanderzwalmen, Fabien Ectors, Libor Hradecký, Maximilian Schuff, Maximilian Murtinger
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the oocyte competence in GnRHa stimulation cycles with regard to maturity, fertilization and blastocyst rate and clinical outcome (pregnancy and live birth rate) in correlation to follicular volume measured by 3D sonography and follicular fluid composition. METHODS: This was a prospective single-centre study conducted in the period June 2012 - June 2014 including 118 ovum pick-ups (OPUs) with subsequent embryo transfers (ET). Out of 1,493 aspirated follicles we analysed 1,236 follicles and traced oocytes grouped according to follicular volume...
November 14, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134181/pregnancy-and-live-birth-after-follicle-stimulating-hormone-treatment-for-an-infertile-couple-including-a-male-affected-by-sertoli-cell-only-syndrome
#6
Gianni Paulis, Luca Paulis, Gennaro Romano, Carmen Concas, Marika Di Sarno, Renata Pagano, Antonio Di Filippo, Maria Luisa Di Petrillo
In males with nonobstructive azoospermia, one of the main histopathologic patterns of the testis is Sertoli cell-only syndrome (SCOS), in which no germ cells are present and only Sertoli cells are contained in the seminiferous tubules. There is not any formal treatment for this pathological condition. However, several studies reported the possibility to perform testicular sperm extraction in patients with SCOS, although, according to some authors, sperm retrieval is possible only in the presence of focal spermatogenesis...
2017: Research and Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133827/blastocyst-formation-rate-and-transgene-expression-are-associated-with-gene-insertion-into-safe-and-non-safe-harbors-in-the-cattle-genome
#7
Milad Khorramian Ghahfarokhi, Kianoush Dormiani, Ali Mohammadi, Farnoosh Jafarpour, Mohammad Hossein Nasr-Esfahani
Integration target site is the most important factor in successful production of transgenic animals. However, stable expression of transgene without disturbing the function of the host genome depends on promoter methylation, transgene copy number and transcriptional activity in integration regions. Recently, new genome-editing tools have made much progress, however little attention has been paid to the identification of genomic safe harbors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of insertion site, promoter and copy number of transgene on the production of embryos from cattle fibroblast cells following somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT)...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124461/improvement-of-pregnancy-outcome-by-extending-embryo-culture-in-ivf-et-during-clinical-application
#8
Xiaopeng Zhao, Binbin Ma, Shaokang Mo, Lu Ma, Fei Chang, Liyuan Zhang, Fang Xu, Ling Wang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the application value of the extended embryo culture for 7-8 h in day 3 morning during IVF-ET process. METHODS: Embryos were retrospectively assessed during 08:00-09:00 on the morning of day 3 in the control group, and were assessed once again at 16:00 in the afternoon in the extended culture (EC) group. The embryos with good developmental potential were preferentially selected to transfer. The cumulative pregnancy outcomes were analyzed in one oocyte retrieval cycle...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120571/a-healthy-hla-matched-baby-born-by-using-a-combination-of-acgh-and-karyomapping-the-first-latin-american-case
#9
Andrea Delgado, Guillermo Llerena, Rosmary Lopez, Jimmy Portella, Naomi Inoue, Luis Noriega-Hoces, Luis Guzman
PGD for HLA typing is a procedure that can be performed when an affected child requires a transplant to treat a non-hereditary disorder related to the hematopoietic and/or immune system. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from an HLA-identical donor provides the best treatment option. Three conventional ovarian stimulation procedures for IVF were performed in a couple with a 10-year-old child diagnosed with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia of high risk. Trophectoderm biopsy and aCGH examination were performed on 15 blastocysts, three on the first IVF procedure, four on the second cycle, and eight on the third...
November 9, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108044/consequences-of-exposure-of-embryos-produced-in-vitro-in-a-serum-containing-medium-to-dickkopf-related-protein-1-and-colony-stimulating-factor-2-on-blastocyst-yield-pregnancy-rate-and-birth-weight
#10
P Tríbulo, B H Bernal Ballesteros, A Ruiz, A Tríbulo, R J Tríbulo, H E Tríbulo, G A Bo, P J Hansen
Embryokines are molecules secreted by the mother that regulate embryonic development. Among these molecules in cattle are colony stimulating factor 2 (CSF2) and dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1). Here, we evaluated actions of CSF2 and DKK1 alone or in combination on characteristics of embryos produced in vitro in the presence of serum. A total of 70 beef cows from 4 farms were subjected to oocyte retrieval on 1 to 4 occasions. Within each farm, donors were randomly allocated to 1 of 4 treatment groups (vehicle, CSF2, DKK1, CSF2 + DKK1)...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107981/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-monochorionic-diamniotic-twinning-after-assisted-reproduction-a-six-year-experience-base-on-a-large-cohort-of-pregnancies
#11
Bing Song, Zhao-Lian Wei, Xiao-Feng Xu, Xue Wang, Xiao-Jin He, Huan Wu, Ping Zhou, Yun-Xia Cao
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the incidence and risk factors for monochorionic diamniotic(MC-DA) twinning after assisted reproductive technologies (ART). DESIGN: Retrospective population-based study. SETTING: The study was conducted in China; Department of Reproductive Medicine Center at The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University. POPULATION: A cohort of 8860 clinical pregnancies after embryo transfer (ET) carried out in our center between 2011 and 2016 were retrospectively analyzed for the incidence of MC-DA twinning...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105396/effects-of-re-vitrification-of-mouse-morula-and-early-blastocyst-stages-on-apoptotic-gene-expression-and-developmental-potential
#12
Nasrin Majidi Gharenaz, Mansoureh Movahedin, Zohreh Mazaheri
OBJECTIVES: Re-vitrification of embryos immediately after thawing or after a culture period could be used to preserve the extra embryos after embryo transfer. This study aims to clarify the effect of re-vitrification on Bax and Bcl-2 gene expressions of compact and early blastocyst stage embryos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This experimental study was performed on mouse embryos. We collected 8-cell stage embryos (n=400) from female mature mice, 60-62 hoursafter injection of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)...
January 2018: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105394/melatonin-pretreated-blastocysts-along-with-calcitonin-administration-improved-implantation-by-upregulation-of-heparin-binding-epidermal-growth-factor-expression-in-murine-endometrium
#13
Fatemeh Moghani-Ghoroghi, Ghazaleh Moshkdanian, Mojtaba Sehat, Seyed Noureddin Nematollahi-Mahani, Iraj Ragerdi-Kashani, Parichehr Pasbakhsh
OBJECTIVES: Implantation failure is an obstacle in assisted reproduction techniques (ART). Calcitonin is a molecules involved in uterine receptivity and embryo implantation. Melatonin can promote embryo quality and improve implantation. This study examines the effect of pretreatment of blastocysts with melatonin and calcitonin on heparin binding-epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF) expression in murine endometrium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, we collected 2-cell embryos from the oviducts of 1...
January 2018: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103729/a-mathematical-model-of-the-interaction-between-bovine-blastocyst-developmental-stage-and-progesterone-stimulated-uterine-factors-on-differential-embryonic-development-observed-on-day-15-of-gestation
#14
Paul R Shorten, Anita M Ledgard, Martyn Donnison, Peter L Pfeffer, Robin M McDonald, Debra K Berg
A complex interaction between the developing bovine embryo and the growth potential of the uterine milieu it inhabits results in an embryo capable of developing past the maternal recognition stage and on to a successful pregnancy. Previously, we observed variation in the lengths of embryos recovered 8 d after bulk transfer of Day 7 in vitro-produced (IVP) blastocysts into the same uterus. Potential causes of the differential embryonic growth were examined and modeled using 2 rounds of bulk (n = 4-6) IVP transfers and recovery of these embryos 8 d later...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102427/effect-of-repeated-cryopreservation-on-human-embryo-developmental-potential
#15
Xiaoying Zheng, Yuan Chen, Jie Yan, Yuqi Wu, Xinjie Zhuang, Shengli Lin, Jinliang Zhu, Ying Lian, Jie Qiao, Ping Liu
Repeated cryopreservation of surplus embryos from frozen-thawed cycles should occasionally be considered. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the pregnancy and perinatal outcome of repeated cryopreservation by vitrification of human blastocysts derived from slowly frozen-thawed day 3 embryos. In total, 571 vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfer cycles were investigated. The vitrified-warmed blastocysts were derived from slowly frozen-thawed cleavage embryos (twice-cryopreserved group) or fresh embryos (control group) cultured to the blastocyst stage...
August 24, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101999/mitochondrial-dna-quantity-as-a-biomarker-for-blastocyst-implantation-potential
#16
REVIEW
Dagan Wells
Of all the factors currently available for the evaluation of embryonic potential, chromosomal status appears to be the most definitive. The debate around this hotly contested issue does not focus on the question of whether aneuploidy is detrimental to development, but on whether current preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy methods are capable of accurately determining whether an embryo is chromosomally normal, aneuploid or a mixture of normal and abnormal cells (i.e., mosaic). Despite the importance of aneuploidy, it is clear that this is only one factor amongst many of relevance to embryo viability, as evidenced by the fact that even the transfer of a chromosomally normal embryo cannot guarantee a pregnancy...
November 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100625/impact-of-multiple-blastocyst-biopsy-and-vitrification-warming-procedures-on-pregnancy-outcomes
#17
Cara K Bradley, Mark Livingstone, Maria V Traversa, Steven J McArthur
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of multiple blastocyst biopsy and vitrification-warming procedures on clinical outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Private fertility clinic. PATIENT(S): Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) patients undergoing comprehensive chromosome screening, including monogenic disorder and chromosome rearrangement cases. INTERVENTION(S): Warming and transfer of euploid blastocysts biopsied and vitrified-warmed once (group 1 [G1, control]; n = 2,130), biopsied once but vitrified-warmed twice (group 2 [G2]; n = 34), or biopsied and vitrified-warmed twice (group 3 [G3]; n = 29)...
October 31, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096276/influence-of-resveratrol-pretreatment-on-thawed-bovine-embryo-quality-and-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number
#18
T Hayashi, S Ueda, M Mori, T Baba, T Abe, H Iwata
This study addresses the hypothesis that SIRT1 upregulation prior to cryopreservation helps in recuperation from cryoinjury and improves the embryo quality. Bovine blastocysts were produced in vitro, and at Day 6 or 7 after fertilization, the blastocysts were cultured with 0 or 1 μM resveratrol for 6 or 24 h. This short duration of resveratrol treatment did not affect the embryo development or the grade of the blastocysts. However, both the durations of resveratrol treatment (6 h or 24 h) significantly increased the expression levels of SIRT1...
October 22, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090966/effects-of-embryo-aggregation-and-pxd101-on-the-in-vitro-development-of-mouse-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer-embryos
#19
Xiaoyan Qiu, Nan Li, Xiong Xiao, Liang Zhang, Haihong You, Yuemin Li
To improve the cloning efficiency of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and to establish nuclear transfer embryonic stem cells (NT-ESCs) reliably, it is necessary to produce high-quality blastocysts derived from mice SCNT embryos. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate an optimal method for mouse SCNT embryo production and NT-ESCs derivation by comparing the effects of two methods: the treatment of histone deacetylase inhibitor PXD101 after SCNT, embryo aggregation and their combination treatment...
November 1, 2017: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082421/does-ovarian-reserve-affect-outcomes-in-single-ideal-blastocyst-transfers-in-women-less-than-40%C3%A2-years-of-age
#20
Andrew Zakhari, Senem Ates, Talya Shaulov, Michael H Dahan
PURPOSE: There is much debate whether diminished ovarian reserve is purely a quantitative issue, or if quality as determined by pregnancy potential of the ensuing oocytes is also affected. The purpose of this study was to determine whether diminished ovarian reserve, as established by one of three ways described below, affects pregnancy outcomes of women under 40 years old undergoing a single ideal blastocyst transfer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study, including 507 women undergoing an ideal quality single embryo transfer between August 2010 and March 2014...
October 29, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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