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Egg quality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802293/overall-nutrient-and-total-fat-intake-among-japanese-people-the-interlipid-study-japan
#1
Tatsuya Koyama, Katsushi Yoshita, Nagako Okuda, Shigeyuki Saitoh, Kiyomi Sakata, Akira Okayama, Hideaki Nakagawa, Naoko Miyagawa, Katsuyuki Miura, Queenie Chan, Paul Elliott, Jeremiah Stamler, Hirotsugu Ueshima
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Total fat intake is linked to the intake of other nutrients. Little data are available on the extent to which total fat affects diet quality in Japanese people. We investigated the relationship between total fat intake and other nutrient intake using INTERLIPID/ INTERMAP data on Japanese people living in Japan. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The participants included 371 men and 401 women with a healthy body mass index and between the ages of 40 and 59 from 4 population samples in Japan...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802282/evolution-of-mediterranean-diets-and-cuisine-concepts-and-definitions
#2
Sue Radd-Vagenas, Antigone Kouris-Blazos, Maria Fiatarone Singh, Victoria M Flood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Mediterranean diet has been demonstrated to provide a range of health benefits in observational and clinical trials and adopted by various dietary guidelines. However, a broad range of definitions exist impeding synthesis across trials. This review aims to provide a historical description of Mediterranean diets, from the ancient to the modern, to inform future educational and diet index tool development representing the 'traditional' Mediterranean diet. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Nine databases were searched from inception to July 2015 to identify papers defining the Mediterranean diet...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801637/effect-of-golph3-on-cumulus-granulosa-cell-apoptosis-and-icsi-pregnancy-outcomes
#3
Dianliang Lin, Jing Ran, Suqin Zhu, Song Quan, Baofeng Ye, Aili Yu, Yuefan Kang, Yuan Lin
Previous studies have shown that GOLPH3 mediates cell growth, proliferation and differentiation and inhibits cell apoptosis; however, the role of GOLPH3 in cumulus granulosa cells and the value of GOLPH3 in predicting ICSI pregnancy outcomes remain unknown until now. Our findings showed higher positive expression rate, score of staining intensity, and immunohistochemical score of GOLPH3 in the cumulus granulosa cells of the pregnant women relative to non-pregnant women, and a higher apoptotic rate of cumulus granulosa cells was detected in non-pregnant women than in pregnant women...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796286/effect-of-ingredients-on-the-quality-of-gluten-free-sorghum-pasta
#4
Pablo Martín Palavecino, Mariela Cecilia Bustos, María Belén Heinzmann Alabí, Melani Solange Nicolazzi, María Cecilia Penci, Pablo Daniel Ribotta
Sorghum is an underutilized cereal in human food production, despite its flour being a potential gluten-free (GF) source in the development of several foods. Thus, the aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effects and interactions of different ingredients on cooking quality and texture of GF pasta. Egg albumen (A), egg powder (E), xanthan gum (X), and pregelatinized corn starch (P) were used as ingredients, and Box-Behnken experimental design was applied to study the effects of these ingredients on pasta cooking behavior, color, and texture attributes...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790921/fatty-acid-profile-of-neutral-and-polar-lipid-fraction-of-wild-eggs-and-hatchlings-from-wild-and-captive-reared-broodstock-of-octopus-vulgaris
#5
Juan Estefanell, Antonio Mesa-Rodríguez, Besay Ramírez, Antonio La Barbera, Juan Socorro, Carmen María Hernandez-Cruz, María Soledad Izquierdo
The culture of Octopus vulgaris is constrained by unsolved problems in paralarvae rearing, mainly associated to the unknown nutritional requirements of this species in early stages. In this article we studied the fatty acid profile (total, neutral, and polar lipid fractions) in wild eggs and wild hatchlings, collected in Gran Canaria (SW) (Spain) with artificial dens, in comparison to hatchlings obtained in captivity from broodstock fed on trash fish species. Total lipids were 11.5-13.5% dw, with the polar fraction representing a 70...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783910/effects-of-copper-on-the-survival-hatching-and-reproduction-of-a-pulmonate-snail-physa-acuta
#6
Lei Gao, Hai Doan, Bhanu Nidumolu, Anupama Kumar, Debra Gonzago
Acute and chronic bioassays provide essential basis for establishment of environmental quality standards. The effects of Cu on a pulmonate snail, Physa acuta, were investigated at a number of sublethal and lethal endpoints. Cu exposure suppressed movement and triggered an escape response in P. acuta at low and high concentrations, respectively, exerting acute toxic effects on adult snails exposed to a 96 h LC50 of 23.8 μg L(-1). Following 16 d exposure of Cu to the egg masses, successful hatching decreased with increasing Cu concentration...
July 24, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771159/verification-of-an-alternative-sludge-treatment-process-for-pathogen-reduction-at-two-wastewater-treatment-plants-in-victoria-australia
#7
R Irwin, A Surapaneni, D Smith, J Schmidt, H Rigby, S R Smith
At South East Water wastewater treatment plants (WwTPs) in Victoria, Australia, biosolids are stockpiled for three years in compliance with the State guidelines to achieve the highest pathogen reduction grade (T1), suitable for unrestricted use in agriculture and landscaping. However, extended stockpiling is costly, may increase odour nuisance and greenhouse gas emissions, and reduces the fertiliser value of the biosolids. A verification programme of sampling and analysis for enteric pathogens was conducted at two WwTPs where sludge is treated by aerobic and anaerobic digestion, air drying (in drying pans or solar drying sheds) and stockpiling, to enumerate and, if present, monitor the decay of a range of enteric pathogens and parasites...
August 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771048/effects-of-nanosized-zinc-oxide-and-%C3%AE-polyglutamic-acid-on-eggshell-quality-and-serum-parameters-of-aged-laying-hens
#8
Syuan-Yian Mao, Tu-Fa Lien
In order to increase zinc (Zn) absorption and improve eggshell quality, diets for aged laying hens were supplemented with different Zn sources and the effects on egg production, eggshell quality and serum parameters were recorded. Seventy-five 64-week old brown layers were individually caged and randomly allotted to five treatment groups: an un-supplemented Control and four groups, where the following Zn sources were added to the diets, ZnO (group ZnO), Zn-methionine (group Zn-Met), nanosized ZnO (group nanoZnO) and γ-PGA-nano ZnO (group γ-PGA-nanoZnO)...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767741/antioxidant-effect-of-xanthan-gum-on-ram-sperm-after-freezing-and-thawing
#9
G DA Gastal, E F Silva, B Mion, A S Varela Junior, C E Rosa, C D Corcini, R G Mondadori, A D Vieira, I Bianchi, T Lucia
BACKGROUND: Xanthan gum is used as thickener in media to preserve food products, having cryoprotectant and antioxidant properties that may be relevant for sperm cryopreservation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of adding xanthan gum to freezing extenders on post-thawing quality and oxidant activity of ram sperm. METHODS: Ejaculates from seven rams extended TRIS-egg yolk-glycerol were split in three treatments including xanthan gum (0.15%; 0...
May 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764714/testis-specific-histone-2b-is-associated-with-sperm-chromatin-dynamics-and-bull-fertility-a-pilot-study
#10
Naseer A Kutchy, Ana Velho, Erika S B Menezes, Marie Jacobsen, Giselle Thibaudeau, Robert W Wills, Arlindo Moura, Abdullah Kaya, Andy Perkins, Erdogan Memili
BACKGROUND: Bull fertility is the degree of sperm's ability to fertilize and activate the egg and support embryo development, and this is critical for herd reproductive performance. We used the bull as a unique model organism for the study of male fertility because cattle genetics and physiology is similar to those of other mammals including humans. Moreover, reliable fertility data along with well-established in vitro systems are available for bovine. The objective of this original study was to ascertain evolutionary diversification and expression dynamics of Testis Specific Histone 2B (TH2B) in sperm from Holstein bulls with different fertility scores...
August 1, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760432/elderly-patients-on-hemodialysis-have-worse-dietary-quality-and-higher-consumption-of-ultraprocessed-food-than-elderly-without-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Aline Moutinho Martins, Annie Seixas Bello Moreira, Daniela Silva Canella, Juliana Rodrigues, Fernanda Santin, Brenda Wanderley, Roberto Alves Lourenço, Carla Maria Avesani
OBJECTIVES: The multiple dietary restrictions recommended to patients on hemodialysis (HD), coupled with conditions imposed by aging, may lead to poor dietary quality in these patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the dietary quality and consumption of ultraprocessed food by elderly patients on HD and those without chronic kidney disease (CKD). Additionally, diets on the day of dialysis and on nondialysis days were evaluated. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 153 noninstitutionalized elderly patients on HD (Elder-HD) and 47 non-CKD elderly (Elder-Healthy) aged ≥60 y...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758779/a-longitudinal-study-of-families-formed-through-reproductive-donation-parent-adolescent-relationships-and-adolescent-adjustment-at-age-14
#12
Susan Golombok, Elena Ilioi, Lucy Blake, Gabriela Roman, Vasanti Jadva
The aim of the 6th phase of this longitudinal study was to establish whether children born through assisted reproduction involving reproductive donation were at risk for psychological problems following the transition to adolescence at age 14 and, if so, to examine the nature of these problems and the mechanisms involved. Eighty-seven families formed through reproductive donation, including 32 donor insemination families, 27 egg donation families, and 28 surrogacy families, were compared with 54 natural conception families...
July 31, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757053/cryopreservation-of-indian-red-jungle-fowl-gallus-gallus-murghi-semen-with-polyvinylpyrrolidone
#13
Bushra Allah Rakha, Muhammad Sajjad Ansari, Shamim Akhter, Zartasha Zafar, Iftikhar Hussain, Julian Santiago-Moreno, Elisabeth Blesbois
The Indian red jungle fowl is a sub-species of the genus Gallus native to South Asia; facing high risks of extinction in its native habitat. During cryopreservation, permeable cryoprotectants like glycerol are usually employed and we previously showed encouraging results with 20% glycerol. Because bird spermatozoa contain very little intracellular water, the possibility of replacing an internal cryoprotectant by an external one is opened. In the present study, we tested the replacement of internal cryoprotectant glycerol by the external cryoprotectant Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)...
July 27, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756344/development-of-a-reliable-experimental-set-up-for-dover-sole-larvae-solea-solea-l-and-exploring-the-possibility-of-implementing-this-housing-system-in-a-gnotobiotic-model
#14
Evelien De Swaef, Kristof Demeestere, Nico Boon, Wim Van den Broeck, Freddy Haesebrouck, Annemie Decostere
Due to the increasing importance of the aquaculture sector, diversification in the number of cultured species imposes itself. Dover sole Solea solea L. is put forward as an important new aquaculture candidate due to its high market value and high flesh quality. However, as for many other fish species, sole production is hampered by amongst others high susceptibility to diseases and larval mortality, rendering the need for more research in this area. In this respect, in first instance, a housing system for Dover sole larvae was pinpointed by keeping the animals individually in 24-well plates for 26days with good survival rates and initiating metamorphosis...
July 24, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752802/three-dimensional-wet-electrospun-poly-lactic-acid-multi-wall-carbon-nanotubes-scaffold-induces-differentiation-of-human-menstrual-blood-derived-stem-cells-into-germ-like-cells
#15
Hossein Eyni, Sadegh Ghorbani, Reza Shirazi, Leila Salari Asl, Shahram P Beiranvand, Masoud Soleimani
Infertility caused by the disruption or absence of germ cells is a major and largely incurable medical problem. Germ cells (i.e., sperm or egg) play a key role in the transmission of genetic and epigenetic information across generations. Generation of gametes derived in vitro from stem cells hold promising prospects which could potentially help infertile men and women. Menstrual blood-derived stem cells are a unique stem cell source. Evidence suggests that menstrual blood-derived stem cells exhibit a multi-lineage potential and have attracted extensive attention in regenerative medicine...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751504/the-caenorhabditis-elegans-female-state-decoupling-the-transcriptomic-effects-of-aging-and-sperm-status
#16
David Angeles-Albores, Daniel H W Leighton, Tiffany Tsou, Tiffany H Khaw, Igor Antoshechkin, Paul W Sternberg
Understanding genome and gene function in a whole organism requires us to fully comprehend the life cycle and the physiology of the organism in question. Caenorhabditis elegans XX animals are hermaphrodites that exhaust their sperm after 3 days of egg-laying. Even though C. elegans can live for many days after cessation of egg-laying, the molecular physiology of this state has not been as intensely studied as other parts of the life cycle, despite documented changes in behavior and metabolism. To study the effects of sperm depletion and aging of C...
July 27, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748076/allergens-labeling-on-french-processed-foods-an-oqali-study
#17
Charlène Battisti, Amélie Chambefort, Olivier Digaud, Barbara Duplessis, Cécile Perrin, Jean-Luc Volatier, Julie Gauvreau-Béziat, Céline Menard
The French Observatory of Food Quality (Oqali) aims at collecting all nutritional data provided on labels of processed foods (nutritional information and composition), at branded products level, in order to follow nutritional labeling changes over time. This study carries out an overview of allergens labeling frequencies by distinguishing allergens used in recipes from those listed on precautionary statements, for the fourteen allergen categories for which labeling is mandatory according to European legislation...
July 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744874/protracted-volitional-spawning-of-pinfish-lagodon-rhomboides-and-changes-in-egg-quality-and-fatty-acid-composition-throughout-the-spawning-season
#18
J S Broach, C L Ohs, N E Breen
Spawning performance of pinfish Lagodon rhomboides without use of hormonal aids was monitored over an extended season. Nearly three million eggs were obtained from 75 spawns collected over a 90-day consecutive period from a single population of four brood fish (1M:1F). A mean ± s.d. batch fecundity of 30·27 ± 22·64 eggs g(-1) female was estimated with 98·0 ± 0·06% of the batch composed of floating eggs which were 1·04 ± 0·04 mm in diameter and 85·71 ± 27·59% fertile. Floating eggs successfully hatched 54·65 ± 29·13% of the time which yielded larvae that were 2·59 ± 0·24 mm in length...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735010/maternal-age-affects-offspring-nutrient-dynamics
#19
Doriane Muller, David Giron, Emmanuel Desouhant, Benjamin Rey, Jérôme Casas, Nicolas Lefrique, Bertanne Visser
The internal physiological state of a mother can have major effects on her fitness and that of her offspring. We show that maternal effects in the parasitic wasp Eupelmus vuilleti become apparent when old mothers provision their eggs with less protein, sugar and lipid. Feeding from a host after hatching allows the offspring of old mothers to overcome initial shortages in sugars and lipids, but adult offspring of old mothers still emerged with lower protein and glycogen quantities. Reduced egg provisioning by old mothers had adverse consequences for the nutrient composition of adult female offspring, despite larval feeding from a high-quality host...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728393/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-detoxified-rhus-verniciflua-sap-on-egg-production-yolk-lipid-and-intestinal-microflora-in-laying-hens
#20
Byoung-Ki An, Je-Hun Kim, Lan Zheng, Byung-Hern Moon, Kyung-Woo Lee
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary detoxified Rhus verniciflua sap (RVS) on production performance, egg quality, lipid fractions of egg yolk, liver and serum, and the profile of cecal microflora in laying hens. Methods: Two hundred 52-week-old Hy-Line Brown layers were randomly divided into 4 groups with 5 replicates per group (2 hens per cage, 5 cages per replicate) and were provided with one of 4 experimental diets containing 0, 0...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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