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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728393/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-detoxified-rhus-verniciflua-sap-on-egg-production-yolk-lipid-and-intestinal-microflora-in-laying-hens
#1
Byoung-Ki An, Je-Hun Kim, Lan Zheng, Byung-Hern Moon, Kyung-Woo Lee
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary detoxified Rhus verniciflua sap (RVS) on production performance, egg quality, lipid fractions of egg yolk, liver and serum, and the profile of cecal microflora in laying hens. Methods: Two hundred 52-week-old Hy-Line Brown layers were randomly divided into 4 groups with 5 replicates per group (2 hens per cage, 5 cages per replicate) and were provided with one of 4 experimental diets containing 0, 0...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728366/effect-of-dietary-%C3%AE-mannanase-on-productive-performance-egg-quality-and-utilization-of-dietary-energy-and-nutrients-in-aged-laying-hens-raised-under-hot-climatic-conditions
#2
Moon Chan Kim, Jong Hyuk Kim, Franco Martinez Pitargue, Do Yoon Koo, Hyeon Seok Choi, Dong Yong Kil
Objective: The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effect of dietary β-mannanase on productive performance, egg quality, and utilization of dietary energy and nutrients in aged laying hens raised under hot climatic conditions. Methods: A total of 320 84-wk-old Hy-line Brown aged laying hens were allotted to one of four treatments with eight replicates in a completely randomized design. Two dietary treatments with high energy (HE; 2,800 kcal/kg AMEn) and low energy (LE; 2,700 kcal/kg AMEn) were formulated...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717321/effect-of-different-concentrations-of-soybean-lecithin-and-virgin-coconut-oil-in-tris-based-extender-on-the-quality-of-chilled-and-frozen-thawed-bull-semen
#3
A A Tarig, H Wahid, Y Rosnina, N Yimer, Y M Goh, F H Baiee, A M Khumran, H Salman, M A Assi, M Ebrahimi
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different concentrations of soybean lecithin (SL) and virgin coconut oil (VCO) in Tris-based extender on chilled and frozen-thawed bull semen quality parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 ejaculates were collected from four bulls via an electroejaculator. Semen samples were diluted with 2% VCO in Tris-based extender which consists of various concentrations of SL (1, 1.25, 1.5, and 1.75%)...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711945/the-molecular-characterization-of-porcine-egg-precursor-cells
#4
Te-Sha Tsai, Jacqueline Johnson, Yvonne White, Justin C St John
Female-factor infertility can be caused by poor oocyte quality and depleted ovarian reserves. Egg precursor cells (EPCs), isolated from the ovarian cortex, have the potential to be used to overcome female infertility. We aimed to define the origins of EPCs by analyzing their gene expression profiles and mtDNA content using a mini-pig model. We characterized FAC-sorted DDX4+-derived porcine EPCs by performing RNA-sequencing and determined that they utilize pathways important for cell cycle and proliferation, which supports the existence of adult mitotically active oogonial cells...
June 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708616/monitoring-accumulation-sediment-characteristics-in-full-scale-sewer-physical-model-with-urban-wastewater
#5
Manuel Regueiro-Picallo, Juan Naves, Jose Anta, Joaquín Suárez, Jerónimo Puertas
A series of experiments were carried out with real wastewater in a pilot flume located at A Coruña wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) (Spain). A full scale model was developed to test a circular (300 mm inner diameter) and an equivalent area egg-shaped plastic pipe under controlled experimental conditions (pipe slope 2-5‰, averaged discharge Q = 4 L/s). Velocity profiles and sediment accumulation in the pipe invert was daily measured. Within the 7-11 days, the average sediment accumulation rate found in the circular pipe was between 1...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708514/feeding-rosemary-leaves-powder-ameliorates-rooster-age-related-subfertility
#6
Seyyed Mohsen Borghei-Rad, Saeed Zeinoaldini, Mahdi Zhandi, Hossein Moravej, Mahdi Ansari
Having a high proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids avian spermatozoa predispose to lipoperoxidation which results in fertility reduction. In the current study, rosemary leaves powder (RLP) was fed to senescent breeder roosters to improve their reproductive performance. Twenty four 70-week-old roosters were randomly divided into four groups and received following treatments including 0 (RLP-0), 2.5 (RLP-2.5), 5 (RLP-5) or 7.5 (RLP-7.5) g of RLP/kg of diet for eight consecutive weeks. Semen characteristics were evaluated weekly...
June 16, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704469/the-relationship-between-a-low-grain-intake-dietary-pattern-and-impulsive-behaviors-in-middle-aged-japanese-people
#7
Atsuhito Toyomaki, Minori Koga, Emiko Okada, Yukiei Nakai, Akane Miyazaki, Akiko Tamakoshi, Yoshinobu Kiso, Ichiro Kusumi
Several studies indicate that dietary habits are associated with mental health. We are interested in identifying not a specific single nutrient/food group but the population preferring specific food combinations that can be related to mental health. Very few studies have examined relationships between dietary patterns and multifaceted mental states using cluster analysis. The purpose of this study was to investigate population-level dietary patterns associated with mental state using cluster analysis. We focused on depressive state, sleep quality, subjective well-being, and impulsive behaviors using rating scales...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697460/effect-of-progesterone-and-its-synthetic-analogs-on-reproduction-and-embryonic-development-of-a-freshwater-invertebrate-model
#8
Zita Zrinyi, Gabor Maasz, Linwen Zhang, Akos Vertes, Sandor Lovas, Tibor Kiss, Karoly Elekes, Zsolt Pirger
The presence of a mixture of progestogens at ng/L concentration levels in surface waters is a worldwide problem. Only a few studies explore the effect of progestogen treatment in a mixture as opposed to individual chemicals to shed light on how non-target species respond to these contaminants. In the present study, we used an invertebrate model species, Lymnaea stagnalis, exposed to a mixture of four progestogens (progesterone, levonorgestrel, drospirenone, and gestodene) in 10ng/L concentration for 3 weeks...
June 29, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682120/comparison-of-the-effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-flavonoids-on-laying-hen-performance-egg-quality-and-egg-nutrient-profile
#9
H Iskender, G Yenice, E Dokumacioglu, O Kaynar, A Hayırlı, A Kaya
1. The aim of this experiment was to compare the effects of dietary supplementation of hesperidin, naringin and quercetin on laying hen performance, egg quality and egg yolk lipid and protein profiles. A total of 96 Lohmann White laying hens weighing an average of 1500 g at 28 weeks of age were randomly assigned to a basal diet and the basal diet supplemented (0.5 g/kg) with either hesperidin, naringin or quercetin. Each treatment was replicated in 6 cages in an 8-week experimental period. Data were analysed using one-way ANOVA...
July 6, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680560/health-related-quality-of-life-among-schoolchildren-aged-12-13%C3%A2-years-in-relation-to-food-hypersensitivity-phenotypes-a-population-based-study
#10
Åsa Strinnholm, Linnéa Hedman, Anna Winberg, Sven-Arne Jansson, Viveca Lindh, Eva Rönmark
BACKGROUND: While Health Related Quality of Life has been investigated among children with IgE-mediated food allergy, less is known about quality of life among children with other types of hypersensitivity to food. The aim of this study was to investigate Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL) in children with and without food hypersensitivity. Further, we compared HRQL between children with different phenotypes of food hypersensitivity. METHODS: In a large population-based cohort of schoolchildren in Northern Sweden, the parents of 2612 (96% of invited) completed a questionnaire...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679794/modeling-the-costs-and-benefits-associated-with-the-evolution-of-endothermy-using-a-robotic-python
#11
J Alex Brashears, Ty C M Hoffman, Dale F DeNardo
Endothermy provides considerable benefits to an organism but requires large energy investment. To understand potential driving forces that would lead to the evolution of endothermy, it is important to understand the energy costs and potential benefits of intermediate steps between ectothermy and homeothermic endothermy as well as the influences of environmental conditions on energetic costs. However, efforts to examine intermediate conditions are greatly limited by the predominant natural dichotomy between ectothermy and endothermy...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673263/dietary-diversity-is-related-to-socioeconomic-status-among-adult-saharawi-refugees-living-in-algeria
#12
Marianne Sandsmark Morseth, Navnit Kaur Grewal, Ida Sophie Kaasa, Anne Hatloy, Ingrid Barikmo, Sigrun Henjum
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge about dietary quality among the adult population in low- and middle income countries (LMICs). This study aims to describe dietary quality among the adult Saharawi refugee population and to investigate whether dietary quality is associated with socioeconomic status. METHODS: In 2014, a cross-sectional survey was carried out in the Saharawi refugee camps, Algeria. A three-staged cluster sampling was performed and 180 women and 175 men, aged 18-82 years, were randomly selected...
July 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664527/humic-fertilizer-and-vermicompost-applied-to-the-soil-can-positively-affect-population-growth-parameters-of-trichogramma-brassicae-hymenoptera-trichogrammatidae-on-eggs-of-tuta-absoluta-lepidoptera-gelechiidae
#13
P Mohamadi, J Razmjou, B Naseri, M Hassanpour
The tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick), is a devastating pest of tomato worldwide. One of the control measures of T. absoluta is the use of biological control agents, such as Trichogramma wasps. Interactions between natural enemies and insect pests may be affected by application of fertilizers, because changes in plant quality through the fertilizer application may therefore affect herbivore characteristics and suitability of them to parasitism. Laboratory tests were carried out to evaluate the life table parameters of Trichogramma brassicae Bezdenko on T...
June 29, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662071/the-developmental-transcriptome-of-the-bamboo-snout-beetle-cyrtotrachelus-buqueti-and-insights-into-candidate-pheromone-binding-proteins
#14
Hua Yang, Ting Su, Wei Yang, Chunping Yang, Lin Lu, Zhangming Chen
Cyrtotrachelus buqueti is an extremely harmful bamboo borer, and the larvae of this pest attack clumping bamboo shoots. Pheromone-binding proteins (PBPs) play an important role in identifying insect sex pheromones, but the C. buqueti genome is not readily available for PBP analysis. Developmental transcriptomes of eggs, larvae from the first instar to the prepupal stage, pupae, and adults (females and males) from emergence to mating were built by RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) in the present study to establish a sequence background of C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660630/cryopreservation-of-nili-ravi-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-semen-in-andromed-%C3%A2-extender-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#15
M S Ansari, B A Rakha, S Akhter
The study was designed to evaluate AndroMed(®) for the freezability and fertility of Nili-Ravi buffalo semen. Semen was collected from four adult Nili-Ravi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bulls for 3 weeks (replicate). Semen ejaculates from each buffalo bull were divided into three aliquots. One aliquot was used for evaluation of motility, plasma membrane integrity, livability, viability, DNA integrity and normal apical ridge. Remaining two aliquots were diluted (37°C; 50 × 10(6) spermatozoa/ml) in tris-citric egg yolk or AndroMed(®) extender and cryopreserved in 0...
June 28, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659739/the-effect-of-egg-supplementation-on-growth-parameters-in-children-participating-in-a-school-feeding-program-in-rural-uganda-a-pilot-study
#16
Jamie I Baum, Jefferson D Miller, Brianna L Gaines
Background: School feeding programs have gained popularity in developing countries . Eggs are an inexpensive source of micronutrients and high-quality protein. Therefore, the objective of this study was to gain preliminary data regarding the impact of egg supplementation on growth in primary school students participating in a school feeding program in rural Uganda. Methods: Children (ages 6-9; n = 241) were recruited from three different schools located throughout the Kitgum District of Uganda. All participants in the same school received the same dietary intervention: control (no eggs (0 eggs); n = 56), one egg five days per week (1 egg; n = 89), or two eggs five days per week (2 eggs; n = 96)...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656787/quality-assessment-of-chicken-eggshell-cuticle-by-infrared-spectroscopy-and-staining-techniques-a-comparative-study
#17
N Dominguez-Gasca, A Muñoz, A B Rodriguez-Navarro
1. The cuticle is a very thin organic layer that coats the eggshell surface and plugs the eggshell pores preventing bacterial penetration. It also reduces egg shell permeability which is important to maintain egg internal quality. Thus, the eggshell cuticle quality is crucial to ensure the food safety and quality of eggs. 2. A new methodology to assess eggshell cuticle quality, based on attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), with a more traditional method based on cuticle staining techniques...
June 28, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646875/genome-analysis-of-diploscapter-coronatus-insights-into-molecular-peculiarities-of-a-nematode-with-parthenogenetic-reproduction
#18
Hideaki Hiraki, Hiroshi Kagoshima, Christopher Kraus, Philipp H Schiffer, Yumiko Ueta, Michael Kroiher, Einhard Schierenberg, Yuji Kohara
BACKGROUND: Sexual reproduction involving the fusion of egg and sperm is prevailing among eukaryotes. In contrast, the nematode Diploscapter coronatus, a close relative of the model Caenorhabditis elegans, reproduces parthenogenetically. Neither males nor sperm have been observed and some steps of meiosis are apparently skipped in this species. To uncover the genomic changes associated with the evolution of parthenogenesis in this nematode, we carried out a genome analysis. RESULTS: We obtained a 170 Mbp draft genome in only 511 scaffolds with a N50 length of 1 Mbp...
June 24, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644715/biological-responses-of-the-american-coot-fulica-americana-in-wetlands-with-contrasting-environmental-conditions-basin-of-m%C3%A3-xico
#19
María Eugenia López-Islas, Itzel Ibarra-Meza, Esperanza Ortiz-Ordóñez, Liliana Favari, J Elías Sedeño-Díaz, Eugenia López-López
Wetland ecosystems are subject to severe impacts (physical and chemical) and to the input of various xenobiotics that provoke toxicological consequences. Waterbirds are potential sentinel species of these environments. To analyze how habitat conditions affect the health of Fulica americana, early-warning biomarkers, histopathology, somatic indices, and water quality were examined in two wetlands of the Basin of Mexico: Xochimilco, an urban wetland highly eutrophic with a mixture of pollutants, and Tecocomulco (the reference site), a rural wetland with hunting migratory birds in winter, and with some agricultural contaminants...
2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637468/chorioallantoic-membranes-of-embryonated-chicken-eggs-as-an-alternative-system-for-isolation-of-equine-influenza-virus
#20
Ilona Marcelina Gora, Malgorzata Kwasnik, Jan Franciszek Zmudzinski, Wojciech Rozek
BACKGROUND: Influenza virus isolation in embryonated chicken eggs (ECEs) is not applicable for rapid diagnosis, however it allows the recovery and propagation of the viable virus. A low number of infectious virus particles in the swabs, poor quality of samples or individual strain properties can lead to difficulties during the virus isolation process. We propose to utilize chorioallantoic membranes (CAM) of ECEs with the assistance of real-time RT PCR to facilitate equine influenza virus isolation...
June 21, 2017: Virology Journal
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