keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

strength, conditioning, muscle

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088887/-improvement-of-lumbal-motor-control-and-trunkmuscle-conditions-with-a-novel-low-back-pain-prevention-exercise-program
#1
Viktória Kovácsné Bobály, Brigitta Szilágyi, Alexandra Makai, Ákos Koller, Melinda Járomi
INTRODUCTION: Ballet dancers often suffer from low back pain. AIM: Low back pain can be reduced by strengthening the core muscles with the help of a special exercise program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the study 62 ballet dancer women (average age: 14.89 ± 1.21 years) were included. Intervention group: n = 30 participant, average age: 14.86 ± 1.00 years, control group: n = 32 participant, average age: 14.91 ± 1.37 years. We examined the pain intensity that occurs during training with visual analog scale, the habitual posture with photogrammetry, the abdominal muscle strength with Kraus-Weber test, the static muscle strength of the trunk muscles with core test and the lumbar motor control with leg lowering test...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#2
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049446/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-association-between-dynapenia-and-higher-level-functional-capacity-in-daily-living-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-japan
#3
Masaki Iwamura, Masao Kanauchi
BACKGROUND: There are many reports that dynapenia, sarcopenia and frailty each have associations with bodily function or with Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL). However, studies that compare all three conditions and their effects on IADL are lacking. The purpose of this study is to examine associations of sarcopenia, frailty, and dynapenia with IADL. METHODS: Participants included 123 community-dwelling older adults (31 men, 92 women,) aged 65 years or older (75...
January 3, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049443/performance-of-edmonton-frail-scale-on-frailty-assessment-its-association-with-multi-dimensional-geriatric-conditions-assessed-with-specific-screening-tools
#4
Simone Perna, Matthew D'Arcy Francis, Chiara Bologna, Francesca Moncaglieri, Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Pietro Allegrini, Antonio Isu, Beatrice Vigo, Fabio Guerriero, Mariangela Rondanelli
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of Edmonton Frail Scale (EFS) on frailty assessment in association with multi-dimensional conditions assessed with specific screening tools and to explore the prevalence of frailty by gender. METHODS: We enrolled 366 hospitalised patients (women\men: 251\115), mean age 81.5 years. The EFS was given to the patients to evaluate their frailty. Then we collected data concerning cognitive status through Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), health status (evaluated with the number of diseases), functional independence (Barthel Index and Activities Daily Living; BI, ADL, IADL), use of drugs (counting of drugs taken every day), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Skeletal Muscle Index of sarcopenia (SMI), osteoporosis and functionality (Handgrip strength)...
January 4, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039524/effects-of-cyclic-nucleotide-phosphodiesterases-pdes-on-mitochondrial-skeletal-muscle-functions
#5
REVIEW
Liliane Tetsi, Anne-Laure Charles, Stéphanie Paradis, Anne Lejay, Samy Talha, Bernard Geny, Claire Lugnier
Mitochondria play a critical role in skeletal muscle metabolism and function, notably at the level of tissue respiration, which conduct muscle strength as well as muscle survival. Pathological conditions induce mitochondria dysfunctions notably characterized by free oxygen radical production disturbing intracellular signaling. In that way, the second messengers, cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP, control intracellular signaling at the physiological and transcription levels by governing phosphorylation cascades. Both nucleotides are specifically and selectively hydrolyzed in their respective 5'-nucleotide by cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs), which constitute a multi-genic family differently tissue distributed and subcellularly compartmentalized...
December 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034790/technical-and-experimental-features-of-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-of-brain-glycogen-metabolism
#6
Ana Francisca Soares, Rolf Gruetter, Hongxia Lei
In the brain, glycogen is a source of glucose not only in emergency situations but also during normal brain activity. Altered brain glycogen metabolism is associated with energetic dysregulation in pathological conditions, such as diabetes or epilepsy. Both in humans and animals, brain glycogen levels have been assessed non-invasively by Carbon-13 Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy ((13)C-MRS) in vivo. With this approach, glycogen synthesis and degradation may be followed in real time, thereby providing valuable insights into brain glycogen dynamics...
December 26, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034620/neck-flexor-muscle-strength-and-its-relation-with-functional-performance-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#7
Sibel Bozgeyik, İpek Alemdaroğlu, Numan Bulut, Öznur Yılmaz, Ayşe Karaduman
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between neck flexor muscle strength and functional performance in children with DMD. METHODS: A total of 70 children with DMD between Level 1 and 3 according to Brooke Lower Extremity Functional Classification (BLEFC) were included in the study. Children were divided into 2 groups according to neck flexor strength measured by Medical Research Council Scale as Group 1 (3⁻ and below) and Group 2 (3 and above)...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031759/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-of-the-lower-limbs-combined-with-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-exercise-tolerance-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
Cezary Kucio, Justyna Niesporek, Ewa Kucio, Dominika Narloch, Bartosz Węgrzyn
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a systemic disease with multiple extrapulmonary manifestations including impeded skeletal muscle function, leading to decreased muscular strength and endurance in patients with COPD. Pulmonary rehabilitation eases the symptoms of the condition and produces increased muscular endurance. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may serve as a treatment alternative to traditional pulmonary rehabilitation. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of NMES combined with pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise tolerance in patients in comparison with pulmonary rehabilitation alone...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029078/nutrition-and-exercise-in-sarcopenia
#9
Stephen D Anton, Azumi Hida, Robert Mankowski, Andrew Layne, Lawrence Solberg, Arch G Mainous, Thomas W Buford
Sarcopenia is a debilitating condition that involves loss of muscle mass and function, which affects virtually everyone as they age, and can lead to frailty and ultimately disability. In growing recognition of the importance of both muscle strength and muscle mass relative to body size in contributing to functional decline, recent definitions have now incorporated grip strength and a correction for body mass as part of the key criteria that define sarcopenia. With this new definition, a much larger population of older adults are now at risk of sarcopenia...
December 27, 2016: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026935/thermoresponsive-semi-ipn-hydrogel-microfibers-from-continuous-fluidic-processing-with-high-elasticity-and-fast-actuation
#10
Yan Liu, Kaihuan Zhang, Jinghong Ma, G Julius Vancso
Hydrogels with rapid and strong response to external stimuli and possessing high elasticity and strength have been considered as platform materials for numerous applications, e.g., in biomaterials engineering. Thermoresponsive hydrogels based on semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (semi-IPN) featuring N-isopropylacrylamide with copolymers of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) p(NIPAM-HEMA) chains are prepared and described. The copolymer was characterized by FTIR, NMR, and GPC. The semi-IPN structured hydrogel and its responsive properties were evaluated by dynamic mechanical measurements, SEM, DSC, equilibrium swelling ratio, and dynamic deswelling tests...
December 27, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025542/impact-of-spinal-manipulation-on-cortical-drive-to-upper-and-lower-limb-muscles
#11
Heidi Haavik, Imran Khan Niazi, Mads Jochumsen, Diane Sherwin, Stanley Flavel, Kemal S Türker
This study investigates whether spinal manipulation leads to changes in motor control by measuring the recruitment pattern of motor units in both an upper and lower limb muscle and to see whether such changes may at least in part occur at the cortical level by recording movement related cortical potential (MRCP) amplitudes. In experiment one, transcranial magnetic stimulation input-output (TMS I/O) curves for an upper limb muscle (abductor pollicus brevis; APB) were recorded, along with F waves before and after either spinal manipulation or a control intervention for the same subjects on two different days...
December 23, 2016: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000144/standing-balance-and-strength-measurements-in-older-adults-living-in-residential-care-communities
#12
Bader A Alqahtani, Mary Ann Ferchak, Theodore J Huppert, Ervin Sejdic, Subashan Perera, Susan L Greenspan, Patrick J Sparto
Research on balance and mobility in older adults has been conducted primarily in lab-based settings in individuals who live in the community. Although they are at greater risk of falls, residents of long-term care facilities, specifically residential care communities (RCCs), have been investigated much less frequently. We sought to determine the feasibility of using portable technology-based measures of balance and muscle strength (i.e., an accelerometer and a load cell) that can be used in any RCC facility...
December 20, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000006/mri-as-outcome-measure-in-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy-1-year-follow-up-of-45-patients
#13
Grete Andersen, Julia R Dahlqvist, Christoffer R Vissing, Karen Heje, Carsten Thomsen, John Vissing
There is no effective treatment available for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type 1 (FSHD1), but emerging therapies are under way that call for a better understanding of natural history in this condition. In this prospective, longitudinal study, we used quantitative MRI to assess yearly disease progression in patients with FSHD1. Ambulatory patients with confirmed diagnosis of FSHD1 (25/20 men/women, age 20-75 years, FSHD score: 0-12) were tested with 359-560-day interval between tests. Using the MRI Dixon technique, muscle fat replacement was evaluated in paraspinal, thigh, and calf muscles...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995527/unilateral-lower-limb-strength-assessed-using-the-nintendo-wii-balance-board-a-simple-and-reliable-method
#14
A W Blomkvist, S Andersen, E de Bruin, M G Jorgensen
BACKGROUND: Lower limb weakness is an important risk factor for fall accidents and a predictor for all-cause mortality among older adults. Unilateral whole-lower limb strength may be a better measure of fall risk than the bilateral measure. In addition, a number of clinical conditions affect only one leg, and thus this type of assessment is relevant in clinical settings. AIM: To explore the intra-rater reproducibility of the Nintendo Wii Balance Board (WBB) to measure unilateral whole-lower limb strength and to compare the method with stationary isometric muscle apparatus (SID)...
December 19, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981679/effects-of-antipsychotics-on-intestinal-motility-in-zebrafish-larvae
#15
K A F de Alvarenga, E K Sacramento, D V Rosa, B R Souza, V B de Rezende, M A Romano-Silva
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics are essential for the treatment of schizophrenia. However, due to side effects, both continuity of treatment and patients' general health can be jeopardized. Some of these drugs, especially clozapine, have a class of side effects attributed to their antimuscarinic properties, such as dysmotility, a condition in which muscles of the digestive system become impaired. Dysmotility may also alter the speed, strength or coordination of the digestive organs, causing distention, disturbing gastrointestinal transit, leading to symptoms such as bloating, nausea, vomiting, and even malnutrition...
December 16, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964962/improving-community-ambulation-after-hip-fracture-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
D Orwig, K K Mangione, M Baumgarten, M Terrin, R Fortinsky, A M Kenny, A L Gruber-Baldini, B Beamer, Ana Tosteson, M Shardell, L Magder, E Binder, K Koval, B Resnick, R L Craik, J Magaziner
INTRODUCTION: After a hip fracture in older persons, significant disability often remains; dependency in functional activities commonly persists beyond 3 months after surgery. Endurance, dynamic balance, quadriceps strength, and function are compromised, and contribute to an inability to walk independently in the community. In the United States, people aged 65 years and older are eligible to receive Medicare funding for physiotherapy for a limited time after a hip fracture. A goal of outpatient physiotherapy is independent and safe household ambulation 2 to 3 months after surgery...
January 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956736/transplantation-of-human-embryonic-stem-cells-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-lyme-disease
#17
Geeta Shroff
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory and neurodegenerative disease in which the myelin sheath of nerve cells is damaged. It can cause delayed neurologic symptoms similar to those seen in Lyme disease (LD) patients. Thymus derived T-cells (myelin reactive) migrate to the blood brain barrier and stimulate an inflammatory cascade in the central nervous system. Cell based therapies play an important role in treating neurological diseases such as MS and LD. CASE REPORT Human embryonic stem cell (hESC) therapy was used to treat two patients with both MS and LD...
December 13, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956698/blockade-of-metallothioneins-1-and-2-increases-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-strength
#18
Serge Summermatter, Anais Bouzan, Eliane Pierrel, Stefan Melly, Daniela Stauffer, Sabine Gutzwiller, Erin Nolin, Christina Dornelas, Christy Fryer, Juliet Leighton-Davies, David J Glass, Brigitte Fournier
Metallothioneins are proteins that are involved in intracellular zinc storage and transport. Their expression levels have been reported to be elevated in several settings of skeletal muscle atrophy. We therefore investigated the effect of metallothionein blockade on skeletal muscle anabolism in vitro and in vivo, and found that concomitant abrogation of Metallothionein 1 and 2 results in: activation of the Akt pathway, an increase in myotube size, in type IIb fiber hypertrophy, and ultimately in muscle strength...
December 12, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942960/comparison-of-elementary-steps-of-the-cross-bridge-cycle-in-rat-papillary-muscle-fibers-expressing-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-myosin-heavy-chain-with-sinusoidal-analysis
#19
Masataka Kawai, Tarek S Karam, John Jeshurun Michael, Li Wang, Murali Chandra
In mammalian ventricles, two myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms have been identified. Small animals express α-MHC, whereas large animals express β-MHC, which contribute to a large difference in the heart rate. Sprague-Dawley rats possessing ~99% α-MHC were treated with propylthiouracil to result in 100% β-MHC. Papillary muscles were skinned, dissected into small fibers, and used for experiments. To understand the functional difference between α-MHC and β-MHC, skinned-fibers were activated under the intracellular ionic conditions: 5 mM MgATP, 1 mM Mg(2+), 8 mM Pi, 200 mM ionic strength, pH 7...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938483/transplantation-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-results-of-phase-i-iia-clinical-trial
#20
Eva Syková, Petr Rychmach, Ivana Drahorádová, Šimona Konrádová, Kateřina Růžičková, Ivan Voříšek, Serhiy Forostyak, Aleš Homola, Martin Bojar
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive untreatable neurodegenerative disorder, leading to the death of the cortical and spinal motoneurons (MN). Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC) may represent a new approach to slowing down the progression of ALS, by providing neurotrophic support to host MN, and by having an antiinflammatory effect. We have designed a prospective, non-randomized, open-label clinical trial (phase I/IIa, EudraCT No. 2011-000362-35) to assess the safety and efficacy of autologous multipotent BM-MSC in ALS treatment...
7, 2016: Cell Transplantation
keyword
keyword
95874
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"