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Small AAA

Priyanka Dutta, Ahnaf Siddiqui, Mohsen Botlani, Sameer Varma
Nipah is an emerging paramyxovirus that is of serious concern to human health. It invades host cells using two of its membrane proteins-G and F. G binds to host ephrins and this stimulates G to activate F. Upon activation, F mediates virus-host membrane fusion. Here we focus on mechanisms that underlie the stimulation of G by ephrins. Experiments show that G interacts with ephrin and F through separate sites located on two different domains, the receptor binding domain (RBD) and the F activation domain (FAD)...
October 18, 2016: Biophysical Journal
Xiongjing Jiang
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an important cause of mortality in older adults. Most AAAs are asymptomatic and screening programs have been introduced to identify AAAs. There is currently some recommendations for medical optimisation of patients with AAA, such as anti-hypertension, statin, Anti-platelet therapy, B-blockade, et al. Some medical treatments to limit progression of small AAAs, which have examined the potential of targeting inflammation, proteolysis, the renin-angiotensin system, the coagulation system and sex hormones as approaches to limiting AAA pathogenesis are investigated as well as...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yuandong Li, Woo June Choi, Wan Qin, Utku Baran, Lauren M Habenicht, Ruikang K Wang
BACKGROUND: Arteriogenesis describes the active growth of the pre-existing collateral arterioles, which is a crucial tissue-saving process in occlusive vascular diseases. NEW METHOD: We propose to use optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based microangiography (OMAG) to monitor arteriogenesis following artery transection in mouse ear and focal stroke in mouse brain. RESULTS: Our longitudinal mouse ear study shows that the growth phase of arteriogenesis, indicated by changes in collateral vessel diameter and velocity, occurs between 12-24hours after vessel occlusion...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Xiao-Shuai Yuan, Zhi-Tian Wang, Ye-Ji Hu, Fei-Chao Bao, Ping Yuan, Chong Zhang, Jin-Lin Cao, Wang Lv, Jian Hu
Lung cancer remains a leading cause of cancer-related mortality and morbidity worldwide, of which non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 80 %. RUVBL1 is a highly conserved eukaryotic AAA+ adenosine 5'-triphosphatase (ATPase) that has many functions highly relevant to cancer. We therefore attempted to determine the potential role of RUVBL1 in the biogenesis of lung adenocarcinoma and obtained some interesting results. Our study revealed that RUVBL1 expression was higher in lung adenocarcinoma specimens than in those of adjacent non-tumor tissues and in lung cancer cell lines than in normal lung cell lines...
October 10, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Robert C Dunbar, Jonathan Martens, Giel Berden, Jos Oomens
The observed variety of metal-ion complexation sites offered by peptides reflects a basic tension between charge solvation of the ion by Lewis-basic chelating groups versus amide nitrogen deprotonation and formation of metal-nitrogen bonds. Gas-phase models of metal-ion coordination can illuminate the factors governing this choice in condensed-phase proteins and enzymes. Here, structures of gas-phase complexes of Ni(ii) and Cu(ii) with tri- and tetra-peptide ligands are mapped out using a combination of Infrared Multiple Photon Dissociation (IRMPD) spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) computations...
September 29, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Abdulhamid Chaikh, Jacques Balosso
BACKGROUND: The risk of toxicity with radiation oncology for lung cancer limits the maximal radiation dose that can be delivered to thoracic tumors. This study aims at investigating the correlation between normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) and physical lung density by analyzing the computed tomography (CT) scan imaging used for radiotherapy dose planning. METHODS: Data from CT of lung cancer patients (n=10), treated with three dimensional radiotherapy, were selected for this study...
August 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
P Varela-Centelles, M Loira-Gago, A Gonzalez-Mosquera, J-M Seoane-Romero, J-M Garcia-Martin, J Seoane
In a variable proportion of maxillary sinuses alveolar antral artery is located close to the residual ridge, increasing the chances for haemorrhagic complications during sinus floor elevation procedures. _Material and Methods: Retrospective observational study of CBCT explorations performed for implant-treatment planning. The upper first molar area was selected for this study. The relative uncertainty (standard deviation of the measurement divided by its mean and expressed as a percentage from 0% to 100%) was chosen for determining the observational errors...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Wambaka A Mampuya, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Yoshinori Hirose, Kenji Kitsuda, Takashi Ishigaki, Takashi Mizowaki, Masahiro Hiraoka
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference in dose-volumetric data between the analytical anisotropic algorithms (AAA) and the two dose reporting modes of the Acuros XB, namely, the dose to water (AXB_Dw) and dose to medium (AXB_Dm) in lung stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). Thirty-eight plans were generated using the AXB_Dm in Eclipse Treatment Planning System (TPS) and then recalculated with the AXB_Dw and AAA, using identical beam setup. A dose of 50 Gy in 4 fractions was prescribed to the isocenter and the planning target volume (PTV) D95%...
2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Nicholas Hardcastle, Bradley M Oborn, Annette Haworth
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) aims to deliver a highly conformal ablative dose to a small target. Dosimetric verification of SBRT for lung tumors presents a challenge due to heterogeneities, moving targets, and small fields. Recent software (M3D) designed for dosimetric verification of lung SBRT treatment plans using an advanced convolution-superposition algorithm was evaluated. Ten lung SBRT patients covering a range of tumor volumes were selected. 3D CRT plans were created using the XiO treatment planning system (TPS) with the superposition algorithm...
2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Adam Łukasiewicz, Adam Garkowski, Katarzyna Rutka, Jacek Janica, Urszula Łebkowska
It is hypothesized that the degree of vascularization of the thrombus may have a significant impact on the rupture of aortic aneurysms. The presence of neovascularization of the vessel wall and mural thrombus has been confirmed only in histopathological studies. However, no non-invasive imaging technique of qualitative assessment of thrombus and neovascularization has been implemented so far. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has been proposed as a feasible and minimally invasive technique for in vivo visualization of neovascularization in the evaluation of tumors and atherosclerotic plaques...
September 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
E M J van Disseldorp, N J Petterson, M C M Rutten, F N van de Vosse, M R H M van Sambeek, R G P Lopata
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to perform wall stress analysis (WSA) using 4D ultrasound (US) in 40 patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). The geometries and wall stress results were compared with computed tomography (CT) in seven patients. Additionally, the WSA models were calibrated using 4D motion estimation, resulting in patient specific material parameters that were compared among patients. METHODS: 4D-US images were acquired for 40 patients (AAA diameter 27-52 mm)...
September 22, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Xiongjing Jiang
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an important cause of mortality in older adults. Most AAAs are asymptomatic and screening programs have been introduced to identify AAAs. There is currently some recommendations for medical optimisation of patients with AAA, such as anti-hypertension, statin, Anti-platelet therapy, B-blockade, et al. Some medical treatments to limit progression of small AAAs, which have examined the potential of targeting inflammation, proteolysis, the renin-angiotensin system, the coagulation system and sex hormones as approaches to limiting AAA pathogenesis are investigated as well as...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Tamar Harel, Wan Hee Yoon, Caterina Garone, Shen Gu, Zeynep Coban-Akdemir, Mohammad K Eldomery, Jennifer E Posey, Shalini N Jhangiani, Jill A Rosenfeld, Megan T Cho, Stephanie Fox, Marjorie Withers, Stephanie M Brooks, Theodore Chiang, Lita Duraine, Serkan Erdin, Bo Yuan, Yunru Shao, Elie Moussallem, Costanza Lamperti, Maria A Donati, Joshua D Smith, Heather M McLaughlin, Christine M Eng, Magdalena Walkiewicz, Fan Xia, Tommaso Pippucci, Pamela Magini, Marco Seri, Massimo Zeviani, Michio Hirano, Jill V Hunter, Myriam Srour, Stefano Zanigni, Richard Alan Lewis, Donna M Muzny, Timothy E Lotze, Eric Boerwinkle, Richard A Gibbs, Scott E Hickey, Brett H Graham, Yaping Yang, Daniela Buhas, Donna M Martin, Lorraine Potocki, Claudio Graziano, Hugo J Bellen, James R Lupski
ATPase family AAA-domain containing protein 3A (ATAD3A) is a nuclear-encoded mitochondrial membrane protein implicated in mitochondrial dynamics, nucleoid organization, protein translation, cell growth, and cholesterol metabolism. We identified a recurrent de novo ATAD3A c.1582C>T (p.Arg528Trp) variant by whole-exome sequencing (WES) in five unrelated individuals with a core phenotype of global developmental delay, hypotonia, optic atrophy, axonal neuropathy, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We also describe two families with biallelic variants in ATAD3A, including a homozygous variant in two siblings, and biallelic ATAD3A deletions mediated by nonallelic homologous recombination (NAHR) between ATAD3A and gene family members ATAD3B and ATAD3C...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
Sergio Ruiz de Galarreta, Aitor Cazón, Raúl Antón, Ender A Finol
An Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) is a permanent focal dilatation of the abdominal aorta of at least 1.5 times its normal diameter. Although the criterion of maximum diameter is still used in clinical practice to decide on a timely intervention, numerical studies have demonstrated the importance of other geometric factors. However, the major drawback of numerical studies is that they must be validated experimentally before clinical implementation. This work presents a new methodology to verify wall stress predicted from numerical studies against experimental testing...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Wei-Wei Lu, Li-Xin Jia, Xian-Qiang Ni, Lei Zhao, Jin-Rui Chang, Jin-Sheng Zhang, Yue-Long Hou, Yi Zhu, You-Fei Guan, Yan-Rong Yu, Jie Du, Chao-Shu Tang, Yong-Fen Qi
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress plays a critical role in the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Intermedin (IMD) is a regulator of oxidative stress. Here, we investigated whether IMD reduces AAA by inhibiting oxidative stress. APPROACH AND RESULTS: In angiotensin II-induced ApoE(-) (/-) mouse and CaCl2-induced C57BL/6J mouse model of AAA, IMD1- 53 significantly reduced the incidence of AAA and maximal aortic diameter. Ultrasonography, hematoxylin, and eosin staining and Verhoeff-van Gieson staining showed that IMD1- 53 significantly decreased the enlarged aortas and elastic lamina degradation induced by angiotensin II or CaCl2...
September 15, 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Nicolas H Pope, Morgan Salmon, John P Davis, Anuran Chatterjee, Gang Su, Michael S Conte, Gorav Ailawadi, Gilbert R Upchurch
The role of resolvins in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has not been established. We hypothesized that treatment with D-series resolvins (RvD2 or RvD1) would attenuate murine AAA formation through alterations in macrophage polarization and cytokine expression. Male C57/B6 mice (n = 9 per group) 8 to 12 wk old received RvD2 (100 ng/kg/treatment), RvD1 (100 ng/kg/treatment), or vehicle only every third day beginning 3 d before abdominal aortic perfusion with elastase as prevention. Aortas were collected 14 d after elastase perfusion...
September 12, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Sabina Licholai, Wojciech Szczeklik, Marek Sanak
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are usually asymptomatic and mostly diagnosed incidentally. Aortic dilatation progresses along with the wall weakening and eventually leads to a life-threatening rupture. Currently, there are no effective screening biomarkers for AAA. MicroRNAs, a class of small non-coding RNA molecules, offer great potential as biomarkers because of their stability in the bloodstream and expression characteristic for different diseases. OBJECTIVE: To assess the circulating miR-29c-3p as a potential biomarker of AAA and to elucidate the biological functions of miR-29c-3p in terms of pathogenesis of aneurysms...
September 1, 2016: MicroRNA
S Hong, M Bi, S Chen, P Zhao, B Li, D Sun, J Tai
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that can serve as tumor suppressor genes or oncogenes in tumorigenesis. More and more evidence demonstrate that abnormal expression of miRNAs lead to the gastric carcinoma occurrence. In the present study, we revealed that the expression levels of miR-520f were significantly down-regulated in gastric carcinoma cells and clinical gastric carcinoma samples. Next, we demonstrated that introduction of miR-520f inhibited the growth of gastric carcinoma cells in vitro...
August 27, 2016: Neoplasma
Qiong Duan, Xiaoxiao Mao, Chaonan Liao, Haoyang Zhou, Zelin Sun, Xu Deng, Qiuning Hu, Jun Qi, Guogang Zhang, He Huang, Jorge Plutzky, Tianlun Yang
BACKGROUND: Excessive degradation of extracellular matrix by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) is the major pathological feature of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Suppression of extracellular matrix degradation attenuates AAA initiation and progression in preclinical models. In the present study, we wanted to test the effect of JQ1, a small chemical molecule that selectively targets bromodomain and extra-terminal domain (BET), on AngII induced AAA formation in ApoE(-/-) mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: To study the role of BET bromodomain in AAA pathogenesis, male ApoE(-/-) mice were infused with angiotensin II (AngII, 1000ng/kg/min) for 21days and cotreated with JQ1 (50mg/kg daily) or vehicle control (DMSO)...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Andrea Crkvenac Gregorek, Kristina Crkvenac Gornik, Darija Stupin Polancec, Sanja Dabelic
AIM: The purpose of this case-control study was to assess the association of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in Croatian patients with four genetic polymorphisms: SNP 1166A>C in the angiotensin II type 1 receptor gene (AT1R); SNP -1562C>T in the matrix metalloproteinase-9 gene (MMP-9); the deletion of 32 bp in the chemokine receptor 5 gene (CCR5); and the insertion/deletion (I/D) of 287 bp in the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE). METHODS: Case-control study conducted with 117 patients with confirmed AAA (AAA(+)) and 117 control subjects (AAA(-))...
October 2016: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
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