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Left heart hyperplasia

J Tony Nengom, S Sap Ngo Um, D Chelo, R Mbono Betoko, J Boombhi, F Mouafo Tambo, A Chiabi, S Kingue, P Koki Ndombo
BACKGROUND: High level of androgens found in congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) seems to have a deleterious effect on heart function. We therefore evaluate cardiac function of children with CAH in comparison with a healthy group. METHODS: We carried out a case-control study in the single endocrinology unit of the Mother and Child Center of Chantal Biya's Foundation. Cases were matched for age and genotypic sex to 2 healthy controls. We analyzed the ejection fraction (LVEF), fractional shortening and left ventricular mass; output and cardiac index; E and A waves velocities, E/A ratio and the mitral deceleration time and diameter of the left atrium; tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion and pulmonary artery systolic pressure were also measured...
April 20, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
J A Jaffey, K J Williams, I Masseau, M Krueger, C Reinero
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis is a rare, vascular obstructive disorder that uniformly causes pulmonary arterial hypertension. Clinically, pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis is indistinguishable from primary pulmonary arterial hypertension and histology is required for definitive diagnosis. The distinctive histologic feature of pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis is non-malignant extensive proliferation of capillaries in the alveolar septae. Vasodilator treatment of humans with primary arterial hypertension due to pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis can result in fatal acute pulmonary edema...
March 20, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
Christina L Marino, Jimmy N S N Tran, Tracy Stokol
A 4-y-old neutered male German Shepherd Dog was presented with a 3-d duration of lethargy, restlessness, and vomiting. Physical examination revealed generalized lymphadenopathy, pale mucous membranes, systolic heart murmur, dehydration, and fever. Hematologic abnormalities included moderate-to-marked leukocytosis, characterized by neutrophilia with a left shift to progranulocytes and 2% presumptive myeloid blasts, marked anemia that was nonregenerative, and marked thrombocytopenia. Dysplasia was evident in neutrophils and platelets...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Michael Koutouzis, Maria Agelaki, Christos Maniotis, Ioannis Tsiafoutis, Vasileios Patris, Mihalis Argyriou
A middle age woman with known ischemic heart disease and old stents in proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was admitted to Coronary Care Unit with acute coronary syndrome. The coronary angiography showed one vessel disease with significant restenosis within the previously implanted stents. The lesion was tough and remained undilatable despite high pressure balloon inflation. Eventually, the balloon ruptured creating a massive dissection of the LAD beginning immediately after the distal part of the undilatable lesion...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
Jung Soo Lim, Sungha Park, Sung Il Park, Young Taik Oh, Eunhee Choi, Jang Young Kim, Yumie Rhee
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress in primary aldosteronism (PA) is thought to worsen aldosterone-induced damage by activating proinflammatory processes. Therefore, we investigated whether inflammatory markers associated with oxidative stress is increased with negative impacts on heart function as evaluated by echocardiography in patients with PA. METHODS: Thirty-two subjects (mean age, 50.3±11.0 years; 14 males, 18 females) whose aldosterone-renin ratio was more than 30 among patients who visited Severance Hospital since 2010 were enrolled...
December 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism
Giulia Ottaviani, L Maximilian Buja
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is defined as the unexpected death without an obvious noncardiac cause that occurs within 1 h of witnessed symptom onset (established SCD) or within 24 h of unwitnessed symptom onset (probable SCD). In the United States, its incidence is 69/100,000 per year. Dysfunctions of the cardiac conduction and autonomic nervous systems are known to contribute to SCD pathogenesis, even if most clinicians and cardiovascular pathologists lack experience with detailed examination of the cardiac conduction system and fail to recognize lesions that are crucial to explain the SCD itself...
November 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Pingan Chen, Shuilong Leng, Yishan Luo, Shaonan Li, Zicheng Huang, Zhenxi Liu, Zhen Liu, Jie Wang, Xiaoming Lei
BACKGROUND: In dogs with heart failure (HF) induced by overload pressure, the role of renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) on heart failure and in the renal artery is unclear. Therefore, we investigated the efficacy and safety of RSD in dogs with pressure overload-induced heart failure. METHODS: Twenty mongrel dogs were divided into a sham-operated group, an HF group and an HF + RSD group. In the sham-operated group, the abdominal aorta was located but was not constricted, in the HF group, the abdominal aorta was constricted without RSD, and the HF+RSD group underwent RSD with constriction of the abdominal aorta after 10 weeks...
February 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Osama M Abdullah, Thomas Seidel, MarJanna Dahl, Arnold David Gomez, Gavin Yiep, Julia Cortino, Frank B Sachse, Kurt H Albertine, Edward W Hsu
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has emerged as a promising method for noninvasive quantification of myocardial microstructure. However, the origin and behavior of DTI measurements during myocardial normal development and remodeling remain poorly understood. In this work, conventional and bicompartmental DTI in addition to three-dimensional histological correlation were performed in a sheep model of myocardial development from third trimester to postnatal 5 months of age. Comparing the earliest time points in the third trimester with the postnatal 5 month group, the scalar transverse diffusivities preferentially increased in both left ventricle (LV) and right ventricle (RV): secondary eigenvalues D2 increased by 54% (LV) and 36% (RV), whereas tertiary eigenvalues D3 increased by 85% (LV) and 67% (RV)...
October 2016: NMR in Biomedicine
Song Dang, Cong-Xin Huang, Xi Wang, Xin Wang, Juan Hu, He Huang
The traditional Chinese medicine Shensong Yangxin (SSYX) can improve the clinical symptoms of arrhythmia in an integrated manner. This study aimed to investigate the electrophysiological effect of SSYX on the hearts of myocardial-infarcted rabbits and further explore the mechanism by which SSYX alleviates myocardial fibrosis. Myocardial infarction (MI) was established in rabbits by ligation of the left circumflex coronary. The rabbits were treated with SSYX (0.5 g/kg/d) or saline for 8 weeks by oral administration...
April 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
G Iacobellis, L Petramala, C Marinelli, C Calvieri, L Zinnamosca, A Concistrè, G Iannucci, G De Toma, C Letizia
Primary aldosteronism (PA) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk and left ventricle (LV) changes. Given its peculiar biomolecular and anatomic properties, excessive epicardial fat, the heart-specific visceral fat depot, can affect LV morphology. Whether epicardial fat can be associated with aldosterone and LV mass (LVM) in patients with PA is unknown. We performed ultrasound measurement of the epicardial fat thickness (EAT) in 79 consecutive newly diagnosed patients with PA, 59 affected by bilateral adrenal hyperplasia (IHA), 20 aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA), and 30 patients with essential hypertension (low renin hypertension) (EH)...
April 2016: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
Narutoshi Hibino, Patrick McConnell, Toshiharu Shinoka, Mahim Malik, Mark Galantowicz
A number of materials have been used for the repair of congenital heart disease. However, an ideal material is yet to be discovered. Decellularized extracellular matrix from porcine small intestinal submucosa (CorMatrix) has been developed and commercialized as a biological tissue substitute. This has been used for valvuloplasty, sepal defect repair, or angioplasty as a patch. In this study, we demonstrate our preliminary experience using CorMatrix as a tube graft. A retrospective review of 13 patients who underwent cardiac surgery using CorMatrix as an interposition graft was performed (10 patients for central pulmonary artery reconstruction in comprehensive stage II surgery for hypoplastic left-sided heart syndrome and 3 patients for aortic arch reconstruction in interrupted aortic arch)...
2015: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Mario Curione, Luigi Petramala, Claudio Savoriti, Marisa Verrenti, Erika Baiocco, Stephanie Salvatore, Laura Zinnamosca, Gino Iannucci, Susanna Sciomer, Claudio Letizia
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Primary aldosteronism (PA) represents the most common cause of secondary hypertension. A higher risk of cardiovascular events has been reported in patients with PA than in otherwise similar patients with essential hypertension (EH). So far, only a few studies investigated the electrocardiographic changes in PA patients compared to EH patients. METHODS: To investigate the electrocardiographic changes and heart remodeling in PA, we enrolled 61 consecutive patients, 30 with PA [12 with aldosterone-producing adrenal cortical adenoma (APA) and 18 with bilateral adrenal hyperplasia-idiopathic adrenal hyperplasia] and 30 with EH...
2014: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Lin Gao, Bangaruraju Kolanuvada, Geetha Naik, Yingzhong Zhang, Min Zhao, Lili Sun, Dariush Alaie, Richard L Petrillo
The study highlights pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis by methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) deficiency-related hyperhomocysteinemia occurring in rare locations of left veins superior to the heart extensively. A 59-year-old white man with history of leg pain, smoking, weight loss, benign prostatic hyperplasia, lipoma and panic attack presented with shortness of breath and chest pain for 2 days precipitated by not feeling well for months. The diagnostic workup revealed pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis in the left subclavian vein which extended throughout the left brachiocephalic vein to the superior vena cava and left jugular vein...
September 2016: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
Fabrizio Tomai, Leonardo De Luca, Alessandro Petrolini, Luca Di Vito, Anna S Ghini, Pierfrancesco Corvo, Giovanni De Persio, Francesco Parisi, Giacomo Pongiglione, Maria Giulia Gagliardi, Francesco Prati
BACKGROUND: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been shown to reliably detect cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). In recent studies performed in adult heart transplant (HTx) recipients, OCT revealed the presence of vulnerable plaques and complicated coronary artery lesions, thus challenging the current concept that CAV disease is a diffuse concentric and fibrosing vasculopathy. The aim of our study was to characterize CAV by OCT in a young population of HTx recipients. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 21 young HTx recipients (mean age 27 years, range 22 to 38 years) to undergo OCT of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) in addition to annual CAV screening by coronary angiography and virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS)...
January 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Hong Zhao, Yang Sun, Laifeng Song, Qingzhi Wang, Yan Chu, Jie Huang, Shengshou Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between clinical and histopathological features in patients with left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC). METHODS: Histopathological examinations were made on 11 LVNC recipient hearts from June 2004 to June 2014 in Fuwai Hospital, myocardial ultrastructure changes were detected using transmission electron microscopy. Association between clinical and pathological features were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients were (24 ± 11) years old...
May 2015: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Hai-hua Wang, Jin Zeng, Hai-zhen Wang, Yu-xin Jiang, Jing Wang, Ping-ping Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of total flavonoids of propolis (TFP) on apoptosis of myocardial cells of chronic heart failure and its possible mechanism in rats. METHODS: Six male SD rats were randomly selected as normal control group, the remaining rats were made as chronic heart failure (CHF) model by intraperitoneal injection of adriamycin. The rats in the successful model were randomly divided into five groups (n = 6): CHF group, total flavonoids of propolis low dose group (LD group), total flavonoids of propolis middle dose group (MD group), total flavonoids of propolis high dose group (HD group), digoxin group (DIG group)...
May 2015: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
Zhenglong Wang, Shaojie Chen, Tingquan Zhou, Li Su, Zhiyu Ling, Jinqi Fan, Weijie Chen, Huaan Du, Jiayi Lu, Yanping Xu, Zhen Tan, Hanxuan Yang, Xinyu Hu, Chengzhi Li, Xue Yan, Guangxin Hu, Chang Liu, Yuehui Yin
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of catheter-based renal denervation (RDN) remains controversial. Although the reasons for this have not yet been elucidated, ineffective denervation appears to be an important factor. The present study aimed to investigate the difference in RDN between a saline-irrigated catheter (SIC) and a temperature-controlled catheter (TCC). METHODS: Dogs (n = 6) from the Kunming province in Chinese were ablated; the SIC was introduced into the right renal artery, while the TCC was introduced into the left renal artery...
December 2015: American Journal of Hypertension
Denis A Berdajs, Selim Mosbahi, Dominique Charbonnier, Roger Hullin, Ludwig K von Segesser
BACKGROUND: The mechanism behind early graft failure after right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction is not fully understood. Our aim was to establish a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of RVOT to investigate the hemodynamic conditions that may trigger the development of intimal hyperplasia and arteriosclerosis. METHODS: Pressure, flow, and diameter at the RVOT, pulmonary artery (PA), bifurcation of the PA, and left and right PAs were measured in 10 normal pigs with a mean weight of 24...
July 2015: Journal of Surgical Research
Jeremy Sandgren, Thomas D Scholz, Jeffrey L Segar
ANG II increases fetal blood pressure and stimulates fetal heart growth; however, little is known regarding its direct effects on cardiomyocytes in vivo. We sought to determine whether ANG II stimulates heart growth and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and/or hyperplasia in utero in the immature fetal heart independent of the effects on cardiac afterload. In twin gestation, fetal sheep at ∼100 days gestation (term 145 days), one fetus received a chronic (6 days) infusion of ANG II alone (50 μg·kg(-1)·min(-1)) or ANG II plus nitroprusside (NTP) to attenuate the increase in blood pressure; noninstrumented twins served as controls...
June 1, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Klaus Stelter
Surgery of the tonsils is still one of the most frequent procedures during childhood. Due to a series of fatal outcomes after hemorrhage in children in Austria in 2006, the standards and indications for tonsillectomy have slowly changed in Germany. However, no national guidelines exist and the frequency of tonsil surgery varies across the country. In some districts eight times more children were tonsillectomized than in others. A tonsillectomy in children under six years should only be done if the child suffers from recurrent acute bacterially tonsillitis...
2014: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
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