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A-V fistula

Brooks V Udelsman, Jessica Eaton, Ashok Muniappan, Christopher R Morse, Cameron D Wright, Douglas J Mathisen
OBJECTIVE: Patients with complicated airway defects that exceed the limits of primary repair represent a challenging clinical problem and require alternative techniques for repair. The aim of this study was to evaluate bioprosthetic reconstruction of large tracheal and bronchial defects. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients treated at a single tertiary center from 2008 to 2015 who underwent repair of tracheal or bronchial defects with a bioprosthetic device, namely aortic homograft or acellular dermal matrix...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
R Pellini, A De Virgilio, G Mercante, B Pichi, V Manciocco, P Marchesi, F Ferreli, G Spriano
In the last decade, the antero-lateral thigh free flap (ALT) has become the most popular free flap for tongue reconstruction because of less donor site morbidity and better cosmetic outcomes. However, fascio-cutaneous ALT may be insufficient to reconstruct major tongue defects, while its muscular-cutaneous variant (using the vastus lateralis muscle) may be too bulky. The present study describes our preliminary experience of tongue reconstruction with vastus lateralis myofascial flap, which could potentially offer unique advantages in head and neck reconstruction including adequate bulk when needed, optimal functional results and obliteration of dead space thus preventing fistulas and infections with minimal morbidity...
August 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Fei Chang, Dasheng Cheng, Mingyuan Qian, Wei Lu, Huatao Li, Hongtai Tang, Zhaofan Xia
BACKGROUND As patients with thoracic duct injuries often suffer from severe local soft tissue defects, integrated surgical treatment is needed to achieve damage repair and wound closure. However, thoracic duct chylous fistula is rare in burn patients, although it typically involves severe soft tissue damage in the neck or chest. CASE REPORT A 32-year-old male patient fell after accidentally contacting an electric current (380 V) and knocked over a barrel of sulfuric acid. The sulfuric acid continuously poured onto his left neck and chest, causing combined electrical and sulfuric acid burn injuries to his anterior and posterior torso, and various parts of his limbs (25% of his total body surface area)...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
V Gómez-Dos Santos, V Díez-Nicolás, L Martínez-Arcos, J J Fabuel-Alcañiz, I Laso-García, S Álvarez-Rodríguez, F de Asís Donis-Canet, V Hevia-Palacios, M Ruiz-Hernández, F J Burgos-Revilla
: Mayor urological complications, fistulae and stenosis, mainly affect the vesicoureteral anastomosis and present in the early post-transplant period. The systematic use of ureteral catheters keeps selecbeing controversial with many groups using them only selectively depending on the existence of pretransplant or intraoperative risk factors. METHODS: We performed a bibliographic review through automatized search in the Medline bibliographic database, as the main bibliographic source, and also in Clinical Key...
October 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
M-O Timsit, F Kleinclauss, V Richard, R Thuret
OBJECTIVE: To report the nature, incidence, diagnosis and treatment options of surgical complications after renal transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Relevant publications were identified through Medline ( and Embase ( database from 1960 to 2016 using the following keywords "fistula; lymphocele; stricture; thrombosis", in association with "renal transplantation" in Title/Abstract field. Articles were selected according to methods, language of publication and relevance...
October 5, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Michael S Rutenberg, Moshe Meister, Pradip P Amin, Arif Hussain, Michael J Naslund, Young Kwok
PURPOSE: Patients with locally recurrent prostate cancer after definitive prostate brachytherapy have few evidence-based salvage options. We evaluate the efficacy and treatment-related side-effects of salvage external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) after definitive prostate brachytherapy (PBT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eleven patients previously treated with definitive PBT and with biopsy-proven local-only recurrence received salvage reirradiation with EBRT. Genitourinary (GU) function was assessed with International Prostate Symptom Scores...
September 28, 2016: Brachytherapy
Alexis C Dennis, Sarah M Wilson, Mary V Mosha, Gileard G Masenga, Kathleen J Sikkema, Korrine E Terroso, Melissa H Watt
OBJECTIVE: An obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury resulting in uncontrollable leakage of urine and/or feces and can lead to physical and psychological challenges, including social isolation. Prior to and after fistula repair surgery, social support can help a woman to reintegrate into her community. The aim of this study was to preliminarily examine the experiences of social support among Tanzanian women presenting with obstetric fistula in the periods immediately preceding obstetric fistula repair surgery and following reintegration...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
Steven N Shephard, Sunday J Lengmang, Carolyn V Kirschner
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to assess the outcomes of a one-stage approach to bladder stones in the setting of a vesicovaginal fistula, performing fistula repair concurrently with stone extraction. METHODS: Retrospective review of urogenital fistula surgeries at Evangel VVF Center in Jos, Nigeria, between December 2003 and April 2014, identified 87 women with bladder stones accompanying their fistulas and 2,979 repaired without stones. Concurrent stone extraction and fistula repair were performed in 51 patients...
September 17, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
V A Batrashov, É N Manafov
A native arteriovenous fistula is the most preferred type of a permanent vascular access (PVA) amongst the patients on programmed haemodialysis. Complications of vascular accesses leading to their lost with time would eventually and unavoidably result in exhaustion of the vascular recourses of the patient thus creating posing a problem while forming yet another PVA. Taking into consideration vitally important necessity of carrying out haemodialysis procedures for these patients, vascular surgeons have to search for alternative variants of access to the vascular bed...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
A V Pokrovskiĭ, I M Ignat'ev, M Iu Volodiukhin, E G Gradusov
The present study was aimed at assessing initial results of hybrid operations in obstructive lesions of the iliac-femoral veins in patients with post-thrombotic disease (PTD). Hybrid operations [open endovenectomy from the common femoral vein (CFV) with creation of an arteriovenous fistula + stenting of iliac veins] were performed carried out in a total of eleven patients with PTD. Of these, there were 7 men and 4 women aged from 34 to 52 years (mean age - 42.8±7 years). All patients had severe-degree chronic venous insufficiency (CVI)...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
Archana Shetty, V Geethamani
INTRODUCTION: Neoplastic lesions of salivary glands present an interesting subject because of their histologic diversification. Complex features exhibited by them have aroused considerable speculations concerning their histogenesis and continues to hold the interest of clinicians and pathologists. Major salivary glands are superficial and have easy accessibility for fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). These glands are generally not subjected to incisional or core needle biopsy, because of the possible risks of fistula formation and tumor seedling...
May 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Nataliya S Demikova, Yulia V Vydrych, Marina A Podolnaya, Aleksandra S Lapina, Aliy Yu Asanov
BACKGROUND: This study examined the prevalence of esophageal atresia (EA) and the relationship between EA and demographic factors in the Russian Federation. METHODS: Data were obtained from a population-based congenital malformations registry across 14 years (2000-2013) in 24 regions of the Russian Federation and included cases of EA among live births and stillbirths. RESULTS: The total number of births was 6,478,706. There were 1317 cases of isolated EA, resulting in a rate of 2...
October 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Kamaljot S Kaler, Daniel Cwikla, Ralph V Clayman
Pleural effusions due to pleural injury following supracostal percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) occur in upwards of 15% of patients; however, these effusions are invariably diagnosed immediately postoperative or during the hospital stay. Herein, we report our initial experience with a delayed nephropleural fistula. A 52-year-old female underwent an uneventful supracostal right PCNL staghorn stone procedure and was discharged on postoperative day 1. She presented to the emergency department 8 days after her original procedure and one day after ureteral stent removal in the office, with right pleural effusion, concomitant contralateral renal colic secondary to migration of a left pelvic stone into her left proximal ureter, and acute renal failure/oliguria...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Manoj Meena, Neeraj Gupta, Harish V Sabarigirivasan, Piyush Arora, Jai Prakash Kewlani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Giuseppe Faragò, V Caldiera, C Antozzi, A Bellino, A Innocenti, E Ciceri
OBJECTIVES: Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVFs) are acquired diseases that represent the majority of all arteriovenous spinal shunts, leading to progressive and disabling myelopathy. Treatment is focused on accurately disconnecting the fistula point. We present our experience with the double-cone-beam CT fusion technique successfully applied to evaluate treatment results in a series of SDAVFs. METHODS: Between November 2011 and December 2015 we performed double-DynaCT acquisition (pre- and post-embolisation) in 12 cases of SDAVF...
August 26, 2016: European Radiology
I Papaconstantinou, E Kontis, V Koutoulidis, G Mantzaris, I Vassiliou
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Fistula-in-ano is a common problem among patients with Crohn's disease and carries significant morbidity. We aimed to study the outcomes of surgical treatment of fistula-in-ano after fistulotomy or seton placement in patients with perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study of 59 patients diagnosed with Crohn's disease, who were treated surgically for fistula-in-ano between 2010 and 2014 in our department...
August 22, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
T Schmitz-Rixen, G Torsello, M Steinbauer, R T Grundmann
AIM: To survey the scope of vascular surgery services in Germany. METHOD: A total of 308 senior German vascular surgeons received a 19-point questionnaire pertaining to department structure and scope of services. Of these surgeons 223 replied between 16 August 2015 and 23 October 2015 (response rate 72 %), with 62.2 % reporting an additional qualification as an endovascular surgeon according to the guidelines of the German Society for Vascular Surgery and Vascular Medicine (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gefäßchirurgie und Gefäßmedizin, DGG) and 43...
2016: Gefässchirurgie: Zeitschrift Für Vaskuläre und Endovaskuläre Chirurgie
Catherine R Harris, Jack W McAninch, Anthony R Mundy, Leonard N Zinman, Gerald H Jordan, Daniela Andrich, Alex J Vanni, Ramón Virasoro, Benjamin N Breyer
PURPOSE: Rectourethral fistula is a known complication of prostate cancer treatment. Reports in the literature on rectourethral fistula repair technique and outcomes are limited to single institution series. We examined the variations in technique and outcomes of rectourethral fistula repair in a multi-institutional setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients who underwent rectourethral fistula repair after prostate cancer treatment at 1 of 4 large volume reconstructive urology centers, including University of California-San Francisco, University College London Hospitals, Lahey Clinic and Devine-Jordan Center for Reconstructive Surgery, in a 15-year period...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Urology
Steven W Hetts, Parham Moftakhar, Neil Maluste, Heather J Fullerton, Daniel L Cooke, Matthew R Amans, Christopher F Dowd, Randall T Higashida, Van V Halbach
OBJECTIVE Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are rare in children. This study sought to better characterize DAVF presentation, angioarchitecture, and treatment outcomes. METHODS Children with intracranial DAVFs between 1986 and 2013 were retrospectively identified from the neurointerventional database at the authors' institution. Demographics, clinical presentation, lesion angioarchitecture, treatment approaches, angiographic outcomes, and clinical outcomes were assessed. RESULTS DAVFs constituted 5...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
H Versnaeyen, V Saey, D Vermeiren, K Chiers, R Ducatelle
A 7-year-old warmblood mare showed sudden onset of mild intermittent haemoptysis. Clinical examination revealed no significant abnormalities. Haematological examination showed mild anaemia, hypoalbuminaemia and neutrophilia. Coagulation tests were normal. Endoscopic examination revealed unilateral pulmonary haemorrhage with blood clots in the bronchi and trachea. Treatment with antibiotics was started and the horse was given stable rest. Two weeks later, the horse was found dead with blood and frothy sputum leaking from the nostrils...
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
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