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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232005/x-linked-vacterl-h-caused-by-deletion-of-exon-3-in-fancb-a-case-report
#1
Norikazu Watanabe, Seiji Tsutsumi, Yuki Miyano, Hidenori Sato, Satoru Nagase
VACTERL is a congenital malformation characterized by vertebral defects (V), anal atresia (A), cardiac malformation (C), tracheoesophageal fistula (T), esophageal atresia (E), radial or renal dysplasia (R), and limb abnormalities (L) (McCauley et al. 2011). An association of VACTERL with ventriculomegaly or clinical hydrocephalus, known as VACTERL-H, was reported to have poor prognosis. Here, we report a case of VACTERL-H with an X-linked family history and a deleted exon 3 in FANCB.
December 12, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217882/innominate-vein-stenosis-in-association-with-ipsilateral-hyperdynamic-brachiobasilic-fistula-causing-ipsilateral-limb-and-hemifacial-swelling
#2
J B Narendra, J Sreenivas, V S Karthikeyan, N H Nagaraja
A 34-year-old hypertensive woman with a hyperdynamic, left brachiobasilic dialysis fistula presented with a long history of throbbing in her head and swelling of the left side of the face. Tight stenosis of left brachiocephalic vein was found to be causing retrograde flow into the left jugular vein which normalized after dilatation and stenting with resolution of all the symptoms and patient is asymptomatic for 1 year.
November 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217743/dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-a-characteristic-pattern-of-edema-and-enhancement-of-the-medulla-on-mri
#3
A Z Copelan, A Krishnan, H Marin, R Silbergleit
Medullary edema with enhancement is rarely reported at initial MR imaging in intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas. We report a series of 5 patients with dural arteriovenous fistulas, all of whom demonstrated a characteristic pattern of central medullary edema and medullary enhancement at initial MR imaging. Cognard type V dural arteriovenous fistula, defined by drainage into the perimedullary veins and the veins surrounding the brain stem, is a rare yet well-described pathologic entity. Even more rarely reported, however, is its clinical presentation with predominantly bulbar symptoms and MR imaging findings of central medullary edema with enhancement...
December 7, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214364/diverticular-colovesical-fistula-what-should-we-really-be-doing
#4
N L Bertelson, H Abcarian, K A Kalkbrenner, J Blumetti, J L Harrison, V Chaudhry, T M Young-Fadok
BACKGROUND: Colovesical fistula secondary to diverticular disease is increasing in incidence. Presentation and severity may differ, but a common management strategy may be applied. The aim of this study is to evaluate the characteristics and perioperative management of patients with colovesical fistulae and determine optimal management. METHODS: From 2003 to 2012, all charts of surgical patients with diverticular colovesical fistulae at two different institutions were reviewed...
December 6, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192863/precipitating-hydrophobic-injectable-liquid-embolization-of-intracranial-vascular-shunts-initial-experience-and-technical-note
#5
Shriram Varadharajan, Arvinda Hanumanthapura Ramalingaiah, Jitender Saini, Arun Kumar Gupta, B Indira Devi, Ullas V Acharya
Precipitating hydrophobic injectable liquid (PHIL) is a newly available liquid embolic agent for endovascular therapy. It is nonadhesive and composed of a biocompatible polymer dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide solvent and bonded covalently with iodine. In this report, the authors present their preliminary experience using PHIL in the treatment of intracranial vascular shunts. Between July 2015 and December 2015, 11 patients underwent endovascular embolization using the PHIL embolic agent. Five patients had arteriovenous malformations, 4 had dural arteriovenous fistulas, 1 patient had a carotid-cavernous fistula, and 1 patient had a pial arteriovenous fistula...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186638/stent-over-sponge-sos-a-novel-technique-complementing-endosponge-therapy-for-foregut-leaks-and-perforations
#6
Piero V Valli, Joachim C Mertens, Arne Kröger, Christoph Gubler, Christian Gutschow, Paul M Schneider, Peter Bauerfeind
Background and study aims Endoluminal vacuum therapy (EVT) has evolved as a promising option for endoscopic treatment of foregut wall injuries in addition to the classic closure techniques using clips or stents. To improve vacuum force and maintain esophageal passage, we combined endosponge treatment with a partially covered self-expandable metal stent (stent-over-sponge; SOS). Patients and methods Twelve patients with infected upper gastrointestinal wall defects were treated with the SOS technique. Results Indications for SOS were anastomotic leakage after surgery (n = 11) and chronic foregut fistula (n = 1)...
October 27, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169450/orthotopic-urinary-diversion-for-women
#7
REVIEW
Dimitar V Zlatev, Eila C Skinner
Orthotopic neobladder is a viable option for women undergoing cystectomy for bladder cancer, with excellent oncologic outcomes and a low incidence of urethral recurrence. Careful patient selection is important, as is developing a clear understanding by the patient and her family in what to expect with an orthotopic diversion. Surgical technique is also important in optimizing functional outcomes, such as continence, sexual function, and decreased rate of vaginal fistula formation, and urinary retention.
February 2018: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160978/cannulation-technique-and-arteriovenous-fistula-survival-in-older-adult-patients-on-hemodialysis
#8
Radojica V Stolic, Goran Z Trajkovic, Mirjana M Kostic, Bratislav D Lazic, Bozidar Odalovic, Tanja N Smilic, Javorka S Mitic
Cannulation technique has the potential to impact arteriovenous fistula (AVF) function. The aim of this research was to determine the impact of cannulation technique on the length of the functioning AVFs in older adult patients on hemodialysis. The study included 110 participants with fistula thrombosis who had used area technique or rope ladder technique. Biochemical parameters, gender, demographic, and clinical variables were determined. Patients who used the area cannulation technique differed significantly from patients using the rope ladder technique with regard to duration of hemodialysis (p < 0...
September 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130577/factors-affecting-the-patency-of-arteriovenous-fistulas-for-hemodialysis-single-center-experience
#9
Radojica V Stolic, Goran Z Trajkovic, Mirjana M Kostic, Branko Mihailovic, Aleksandar N Jovanovic, Bratislav D Lazic, Ivana R Matijasević, Maša D Jaksić, Zlatica M Mirkovic, Tanja N Smilic, Javorka S Mitic
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are the preferred form vascular access for hemodialysis (HD), as they have a low rate of complications and durable function. The aim of our investigation was to analyze the factors that might influence the function of AVFs. METHODS: Data were taken from the computerized patient record system in the Clinic of Urology and Nephrology, Clinical Center, Kragujevac, Serbia, for a 2-year period. We analyzed patients who had requested re-creation of AVFs as a secondary procedure...
November 12, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106286/duodenal-lengthening-in-an-adult-with-ultra-short-bowel-syndrome-a-case-report
#10
Javier Bueno, Rosa Burgos, Susana Redecillas, Manuel López, Joaquin Balsells
BACKGROUND: We have recently demonstrated the feasibility of lengthening the duodenum in children with short bowel syndrome and a dilated duodenum. This procedure gains additional intestinal length in a challenging area of autologous gut reconstruction. Herein, we report the successful application of this technique in an adult with ultra-short bowel syndrome. METHODS: A 25-year-old man with a history of mid-gut volvulus was referred to our center for intestinal transplant evaluation...
November 6, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099149/closure-methods-for-laparotomy-incisions-for-preventing-incisional-hernias-and-other-wound-complications
#11
REVIEW
Sunil V Patel, David D Paskar, Richard L Nelson, Satyanarayana S Vedula, Scott R Steele
BACKGROUND: Surgeons who perform laparotomy have a number of decisions to make regarding abdominal closure. Material and size of potential suture types varies widely. In addition, surgeons can choose to close the incision in anatomic layers or mass ('en masse'), as well as using either a continuous or interrupted suturing technique, of which there are different styles of each. There is ongoing debate as to which suturing techniques and suture materials are best for achieving definitive wound closure while minimising the risk of short- and long-term complications...
November 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095185/immediate-perineal-reconstruction-after-extralevatory-abdominoperineal-excision-buried-desepidermised-fasciocutaneous-v-y-advancement-flap
#12
Özay Özkaya, Ayça Ergan Şahin, İlker Üsçetin, Hakan Güven, Fazil Sağlam
BACKGROUND: According to National Cancer Institute, there are approximately 39,800 rectal cancer cases per year, 25% of which will need an abdominoperineal resection (APR). The key to avoid most of the complications related to pelvic defect that occurs after APR is choosing an appropriate reconstruction option for perineum. This study aims to introduce an easily applicable flap option for closure to address postoperative pelvic defect in low rectal cancer. METHODS: This is a retrospective evaluation of 9 patients who have undergone perineal reconstruction for pelvic defects after extralevatory abdominoperineal excision with rectal cancer between 2014 and 2016...
October 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078243/-endovascular-therapy-of-chronic-venous-outflow-obstruction
#13
Michael Lichtenberg, Houman Jalaie
Current national and international guidelines recommend endovascular therapy of iliofemoral thromboses in young patients, as a treatment option to avoid the post-thrombotic syndrome. Possible techniques include endovascular local lysis therapy, as well as pharmacomechanical or purely mechanical procedures. Endovascular therapy of chronic obstruction of the inferior V. cava or pelvic veins is an effective therapy for patients suffering from post-thrombotic syndrome. If there is involvement of the V. femoralis communis, hybrid operations may be considered in which an AV fistula is formed or endophlebectomy is carried out...
October 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067577/impact-of-hospital-and-surgeon-case-volume-on-morbidity-in-colorectal-endometriosis-management-a-plea-to-define-criteria-for-expert-centers
#14
Sofiane Bendifallah, Horace Roman, Chrystel Rubod, Pierre Leguevaque, Antoine Watrelot, Nicolas Bourdel, Marcos Ballester, Emile Darai
National and international guidelines recommend referring patients with severe forms of endometriosis to expert centers. However, there is a lack of clear criteria to define an expert center. We examined the roles of surgeon and hospital procedure volumes as determinants of morbidity in deep infiltrating endometriosis of the rectum and sigmoid colon (DIERS). METHODS: We conducted a French retrospective multicenter study of hospital facilities performing colorectal surgery for DIERS in 2015...
October 24, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056477/biliary-complications-among-live-donors-following-live-donor-liver-transplantation
#15
Johns Shaji Mathew, K Manikandan, K Y Santosh Kumar, S T Binoj, Dinesh Balakrishnan, Unnikrishnan Gopalakrishnan, Ramachandran Narayana Menon, Puneet Dhar, O V Sudheer, S Aneesh, Surendran Sudhindran
INTRODUCTION: In live donor liver transplantation (LDLT), bile duct division is a critical step in donor hepatectomy. Biliary complications hence are a feared sequelae even among donors. Long term data on biliary complications in donors from India are sparse. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of 452 live donors over 10 years was performed to ascertain the incidence & risk factors of clinically significant biliary complications. RESULTS: Of the 452 donor hepatectomies (M: F = 114:338, median age = 38), 66...
October 19, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046081/splenic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-causing-delayed-gastrointestinal-bleeding-after-gastrocolonic-fistula-following-sleeve-gastrectomy
#16
J F Ball, L Sreedharan, S Reddy, Bhl Tan, V Sujendran
Delayed gastrointestinal bleeding in the context of a gastric fistula is a very rare complication of longitudinal sleeve gastrectomy. We report the case of a patient who presented with massive gastrointestinal bleeding from a pseudoaneurysm arising from the splenic artery following complications after a longitudinal sleeve gastrectomy several months previously. The case was successfully managed with angiographic embolisation and we present our experience with recommendations for managing this rare but life-threatening complication...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043694/-long-term-results-of-hypospadias-surgery-urinary-and-sexual-function-and-psychological-impact
#17
J Rojas-Ticona, G Zambudio Carmona, L Delmas Benito, M Fernández-Ibieta, P Y Reyes Ríos, I Martínez Castaño, V Villamil, A Sánchez Sánchez, M J Guirao Piñera, J I Ruiz Jiménez
OBJECTIVES: To determine the current status of the patients operated on for hypospadias in our region, in order to adapt the surgical technique to their real needs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive and observational study. Interviews were conducted with hypospadias surgery patients in our hospital between 1976 and 1996, focusing on their urinary and sexual function and psychological impact. We performed a descriptive statistical analysis and comparisons between types of hypospadias (SPSSv19)...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040486/delayed-traumatic-rupture-of-the-thoracic-aorta-into-the-esophagus
#18
V A Komborozos, I Belenis, C Malagari, P Yannopoulos
A case of delayed rupture of the thoracic aorta into the esophagus after blunt thoracic injury is reported. It involved a hemodynamically stable 18-year-old male patient without any clinical or radiological signs to indicate aortic injury. Aortoesophageal fistula presented in the fifth post traumatic day, with a sudden dyspnea episode, intraperitoneal hemorrhage and lower gastrointestinal bleeding, due to intraperitoneal and intragastric rupture of intramural esophageal hematoma.
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027182/preoperative-management-of-arteriovenous-fistula-avf-for-hemodialysis
#19
Gaetano Alfano, Francesco Fontana, Mario Iannaccone, Patrizia Noussan, Gianni Cappelli
Native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the favorite access for hemodialysis (HD). The National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) recommends its creation in most patients with renal failure. Unfortunately, intensive efforts to promote native AVF in patients with marginal vessels have increased the rate of primary fistula failure. A non-functioning fistula prompts the use of central venous catheter (CVC) that, unlike AVF, has been associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality among patients receiving HD...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022780/primary-urethral-reconstruction-results-in-penile-fracture
#20
R Barros, Mis Silva, V Antonucci, L Schulze, L Koifman, L A Favorito
Objective This study assessed primary urethral reconstruction results in patients with a penile fracture. Materials and methods Between January 2005 and April 2016, patients who underwent primary urethral reconstruction due to penile fracture were called for a follow-up. Epidemiological and clinical presentation data and operative findings were reviewed retrospectively. Partial urethral lesions were primarily treated with interrupted absorbable sutures over urethral catheter. In cases of complete urethral lesion, tension-free end-to-end anastomosis was performed...
September 15, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
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