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Amanda Calhoun, Je Ko, George T Grossberg
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a major neuropsychiatric disorder affecting more than 5 million Americans over age 65. By the year 2050, AD is expected to affect over 30 million. Characterized by neuronal cell death accompanied by the accumulation of neurofibrillary tangles and neuritic plaques, AD results in devastating clinical symptomatology with a lasting psychosocial and financial impact. Studies have shown that the current treatments for AD, cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEI's) and NMDA receptor antagonists, have limited efficacy...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
Arne Mørk, Rasmus Vinther Russell, Inge E M de Jong, Gennady Smagin
Idalopirdine (Lu AE58054) is a high affinity and selective antagonist for the human serotonin 5-HT6 receptor (Ki 0.83nM) in phase III development for mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease as an adjunct therapy to acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs). We have studied the effects of idalopirdine on extracellular levels of monoamines, glutamate and acetylcholine in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of freely-moving rats using microdialysis. Idalopirdine (10mg/kg p.o.) increased extracellular levels of dopamine, noradrenaline and glutamate in the mPFC and showed a trend to increase serotonin levels...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
Hilda Ferrero, Maite Solas, Paul T Francis, Maria J Ramirez
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in elderly people. Because of the lack of effective treatments for this illness, research focused on identifying compounds that restore cognition and functional impairments in patients with AD is a very active field. Since its discovery in 1993, the serotonin 5-HT6 receptor has received increasing attention, and a growing number of studies supported 5-HT6 receptor antagonism as a target for improving cognitive dysfunction in AD. This article reviews the rationale behind investigations into the targeting of 5-HT6 receptors as a symptomatic treatment for cognitive and/or behavioral symptoms of AD...
December 3, 2016: CNS Drugs
Maria Amat-Foraster, Steven C Leiser, Kjartan F Herrik, Nelly Richard, Claus Agerskov, Christoffer Bundgaard, Jesper F Bastlund, Inge E M de Jong
The 5-HT6 receptor is a promising target for cognitive disorders, in particular for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The high affinity and selective 5-HT6 receptor antagonist idalopirdine (Lu AE58054) is currently in development for mild-moderate AD as adjunct therapy to acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs). We studied the effects of idalopirdine alone and in combination with the AChEI donepezil on cortical function using two in vivo electrophysiological methods. Neuronal network oscillations in the frontal cortex were measured during electrical stimulation of the brainstem nucleus pontis oralis (nPO) in the anesthetized rat and by an electroencephalogram (EEG) in the awake, freely moving rat...
February 2017: Neuropharmacology
Anna Więckowska, Marcin Kołaczkowski, Adam Bucki, Justyna Godyń, Monika Marcinkowska, Krzysztof Więckowski, Paula Zaręba, Agata Siwek, Grzegorz Kazek, Monika Głuch-Lutwin, Paweł Mierzejewski, Przemysław Bienkowski, Halina Sienkiewicz-Jarosz, Damijan Knez, Tomasz Wichur, Stanislav Gobec, Barbara Malawska
As currently postulated, a complex treatment may be key to an effective therapy for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent clinical trials in patients with moderate AD have shown a superior effect of the combination therapy of donepezil (a selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitor) with idalopirdine (a 5-HT6 receptor antagonist) over monotherapy with donepezil. Here, we present the first report on the design, synthesis and biological evaluation of a novel class of multifunctional ligands that combines a 5-HT6 receptor antagonist with a cholinesterase inhibitor...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Aaron Kucinski, Inge E M de Jong, Martin Sarter
Falls are a leading cause of death in the elderly and, in a majority of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), the leading levodopa-insensitive cause of hospitalization and long-term care. Falling in PD has been attributed to degeneration of forebrain cholinergic neurons that, in interaction with striatal dopamine losses, impairs the cognitive control of balance, gait, and movement. We previously established an animal model of these dual cholinergic-dopaminergic losses ("DL rats") and a behavioral test system (Michigan Complex Motor Control Task, MCMCT) to measure falls associated with traversing dynamic surfaces and distractors...
January 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
Kjartan F Herrik, Arne Mørk, Nelly Richard, Christoffer Bundgaard, Jesper F Bastlund, Inge E M de Jong
The 5-HT6 receptor has emerged as a promising target for cognitive disorders and combining a 5-HT6 receptor antagonist with an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AChEI) represents a novel approach for the symptomatic treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). A recent phase 2 trial showed that the selective 5-HT6 receptor antagonist idalopirdine (Lu AE58054) improved cognition in patients with moderate AD on stable treatment with the AChEI donepezil. Here we investigated the effects of idalopirdine in combination with donepezil on hippocampal function using in vivo electrophysiology and microdialysis...
August 2016: Neuropharmacology
Justyna Godyń, Jakub Jończyk, Dawid Panek, Barbara Malawska
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is considered to be the most common cause of dementia and is an incurable, progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Current treatment of the disease, essentially symptomatic, is based on three cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine, affecting the glutamatergic system. Since 2003, no new drugs have been approved for treatment of AD. This article presents current directions in the search for novel, potentially effective agents for the treatment of AD, as well as selected promising treatment strategies...
February 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Magdalena Dudek, Monika Marcinkowska, Adam Bucki, Adrian Olczyk, Marcin Kołaczkowski
5HT6 receptor antagonists offer the potential for safe and effective drugs against obesity, because they can reduce weight without causing serious side effects in the cardiovascular system. Also, their anorexic effect is associated with reduced food intake via an enhancement of satiety. In the present study we investigated the anorexic effect of idalopirdine (LuAE58054) in a model of obesity induced by high-fat diet. To induce obesity in rats, the animals were treated with feed with a fat content of 40 %. Body weight was controlled and the amount of food and water consumed was determined...
December 2015: Metabolic Brain Disease
Daniela Galimberti, Elio Scarpini
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly. Pharmacological treatment of AD involves acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) for mild-to-moderate AD and memantine for severe AD. These drugs provide mainly symptomatic short-term benefits without clearly counteracting the progression of the disease. Idalopirdine is an antagonist of the serotonin 6 (5-HT6) receptor, which is expressed in areas of the CNS involved with memory. Given that there is evidence suggesting that the blockade of 5-HT6 receptors induces acetylcholine release, it became reasonable to consider that 5-HT6 antagonism could also be a promising approach for restoring acetylcholine levels in a deteriorated cholinergic system...
2015: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
David Wilkinson, Kristian Windfeld, Eskild Colding-Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: In human beings, 5-HT6 receptors are almost exclusively expressed in the brain, particularly in areas relevant for cognition, such as the hippocampus and frontal cortex. We assessed the effect on cognitive performance of Lu AE58054 (idalopirdine), a selective 5-HT6 receptor antagonist, in donepezil-treated patients with moderate Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: For this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial (LADDER), we recruited patients from 48 outpatient clinical sites in seven countries...
November 2014: Lancet Neurology
Lon S Schneider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Lancet Neurology
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