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Sinapic acid

Daniela Sumczynski, Eva Kotásková, Jana Orsavová, Pavel Valášek
Zizania aquatica L. was analysed for total flavonoids, phenolics and HPLC profile in both free and bound phenolic fractions. The highest content of flavonoids (378-455mgRE/kg) was detected in bound fractions, while the highest polyphenols content (1061-2988mgGAE/kg) was determined in free fractions. Additionally, predominant phenolics were identified. To understand the contribution of individual phenolics to an antioxidant activity their mutual correlations were evaluated. Regarding free flavonoids, the main contributors to an antioxidant activity (r>0...
March 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Narendran Rajendran, Shankar Subramaniam, Mamilla R Charan Raja, Pemaiah Brindha, Santanu Kar Mahapatra, Aravind Sivasubramanian
The present study portrays the isolation of four phenylpropanoids - ferulic acid (FA), sinapic acid (SA), caffeic acid (CA), and chlorogenic acid (CHA) from the water extract of Suaeda maritima (L.) Dumort, a phytochemically less explored Indian medicinal plant. Further, synthesis and characterization of silver and gold nanoparticles using the isolated phenylpropanoids were done. The silver nanoparticles synthesized from S. maritima water extract along with silver nano-conjugated forms of the isolated compounds exhibited appreciable anti-leukemic activity against K562 cells (human myeloid leukemia)...
September 28, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Mushtaq Ahmad Ansari, Mohammad Raish, Ajaz Ahmad, Sheikh Fayaz Ahmad, Shahid Mudassar, Kazi Mohsin, Faiyaz Shakeel, Hesham M Korashy, Saleh A Bakheet
AIMS: In this study, the renoprotective functions of sinapic acid (SA), a polyphenol, on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity and the pathway that mediates this function were examined. MAIN METHODS: Kidney function markers (serum urea, uric acid, creatinine, LDH, and γ-GGT) and histopathological examinations of the kidney were used to evaluate gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. Oxidative stress markers (lipid peroxidation and total protein), renal nitrosative stress (nitric oxide), antioxidant enzymes (catalase and NP-SH), inflammation markers (NF-κB [p65], TNF-α, IL-6, and myeloperoxidase [MPO]), and apoptotic markers (caspase 3, Bax, and Bcl-2) were also assessed...
September 21, 2016: Life Sciences
Truong Ngoc Minh, Do Tan Khang, Phung Thi Tuyen, Luong The Minh, La Hoang Anh, Nguyen Van Quan, Pham Thi Thu Ha, Nguyen Thanh Quan, Nguyen Phu Toan, Abdelnaser Abdelghany Elzaawely, Tran Dang Xuan
Phalaenopsis spp. is the most commercially and economically important orchid, but their plant parts are often left unused, which has caused environmental problems. To date, reports on phytochemical analyses were most available on endangered and medicinal orchids. The present study was conducted to determine the total phenolics, total flavonoids, and antioxidant activity of ethanol extracts prepared from leaves and roots of six commercial hybrid Phalaenopsis spp. Leaf extracts of "Chian Xen Queen" contained the highest total phenolics with a value of 11...
September 14, 2016: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
Molly Gabaza, Habtu Shumoy, Maud Muchuweti, Peter Vandamme, Katleen Raes
The aim of this study was to evaluate the soluble and bound phenolic content of finger millet and the impact of process induced changes on phenolic profiles of their sour porridge. Finger millet porridge and intermediate products were collected from four groups of households in the Hwedza communal area, Zimbabwe, after which soluble and bound phenolic compounds (PC) including condensed tannins (CT) were quantified. Bound PC and CT contributed 95% of the total PC and CT. The CT were only detected in the red varieties...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Jung-Ah Shin, Mi-Young Lee, Ki-Teak Lee
The sn-1,3-regiospecific Rhizomucor miehei lipase (Lipozyme RM IM) was employed to produce structured diacylglycerol (SL-DAG), which contained 67.3 mol% DAG with 27.2 area% of C18:3. To investigate the oxidative stability of the SL-DAG in emulsion form, 5% oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions were prepared with 200 and 400 ppm sinapic acid. It was shown that the hydroperoxide values of the control (without any antioxidant) was the highest (117.7 meq/L) on day 43 of storage and thereafter the value decreased. However, the emulsions with 200 and 400 ppm sinapic acid resulted in slow oxidation degree until day 64 of storage (30...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science
Yang Lu, AiHua Wang, Peng Shi, Hui Zhang, ZeSheng Li
The mechanism and kinetics underlying reactions between the naturally-occurring antioxidant sinapic acid (SA) and the very damaging ·NO2 and ·OH were investigated through the density functional theory (DFT). Two most possible reaction mechanisms were studied: hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) and radical adduct formation (RAF). Different reaction channels of neutral and anionic sinapic acid (SA-) scavenging radicals in both atmosphere and water medium were traced independently, and the thermodynamic and kinetic parameters were calculated...
2016: PloS One
Biagio Fallico, Gabriele Ballistreri, Elena Arena, Selina Brighina, Paolo Rapisarda
Both the composition and the intake of antioxidants (anthocyanins, ascorbic acid and hydroxycinnamic acids) were reported for all blood oranges including the single cultivars (Moro, Tarocco and Sanguinello) and industrially produced juices. The mean values of the studied bioactive compounds in the edible part oranges were: 9.6mg/100g of orange edible part for the anthocyanins; 8.1, 0.7, 1.3, 3.8, 2.5mg/100g for total hydroxycinnamic acids, caffeic, sinapic, ferulic and coumaric acids, respectively and 59.1mg/100g for ascorbic acid...
January 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
L Rodríguez-López, X Vecino, L Barbosa-Pereira, A B Moldes, J M Cruz
In the last few years the awareness of consumers and institutions about the impact that our industrial processes has on health and the environment has increased, demanding more natural products. In this work, a multifunctional bioactive extract with surfactant and antioxidant properties, composed mainly of C16 and C18 fatty acids, and phenolic compounds (vanillic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, sinapic acid and quercetin) was obtained from corn steep liquor (CSL). Different liquid-liquid extraction protocols were evaluated obtaining a natural extract, which was able to reduce the surface tension of water by more than 30 units, showing antioxidant activity with an EC50 of 8...
September 14, 2016: Food & Function
Razieh Hosseini, Fatemeh Moosavi, Hamid Rajaian, Tiago Silva, Diogo Magalhães E Silva, Pedro Soares, Luciano Saso, Najmeh Edraki, Ramin Miri, Fernanda Borges, Omidreza Firuzi
The number of people affected by neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease is rapidly increasing owing to the global increase in life expectancy. Small molecules with neurotrophic effects have great potential for management of these neurological disorders. In this study, different (C1-C12) alkyl ester derivatives of hydroxycinnamic acids (HCAs) were synthesized (a total of 30 compounds). The neurotrophic capacity of the test compounds was examined by measuring promotion of survival in serum-deprived conditions and enhancement of nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth in PC12 neuronal cells...
July 28, 2016: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
Jia Liu, Yang Liu, Yu Wang, Zhong-Hua Zhang, Yuan-Gang Zu, Thomas Efferth, Zhong-Hua Tang
Phenolic compounds belong to a class of secondary metabolites and are implicated in a wide range of responsive mechanisms in plants triggered by both biotic and abiotic elicitors. In this study, we approached the combinational effects of ethylene and MeJA (methyl jasmonate) on phenolic compounds profiles and gene expressions in the medicinal plant Catharanthus roseus. In virtue of a widely non-targeted metabolomics method, we identified a total of 34 kinds of phenolic compounds in the leaves, composed by 7 C6C1-, 11 C6C3-, and 16 C6C3C6 compounds...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Axelle Septembre-Malaterre, Giovédie Stanislas, Elisabeth Douraguia, Marie-Paule Gonthier
Much attention is paid to the beneficial action of fruits against obesity-related oxidative stress. This study evaluated nutritional and antioxidant properties of banana, litchi, mango, papaya, passion fruit and pineapple from Réunion French Island. Results showed that total amounts of carbohydrates, vitamin C and carotenoids were 7.7-67.3g glucose equivalent, 4.7-84.9mg ascorbic acid equivalent and 26.6-3829.2μg β-carotene equivalent/100g fresh weight, respectively. Polyphenols were detected as the most abundant antioxidants (33...
December 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Yanzhou Zhang, Xunhang Li, Zhikui Hao, Ruchun Xi, Yujie Cai, Xiangru Liao
For the more efficient detoxification of phenolic compounds, a promising avenue would be to develop a multi-enzyme biocatalyst comprising peroxidase, laccase and other oxidases. However, the development of this multi-enzyme biocatalyst is limited by the vulnerability of fungal laccases and peroxidases to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced inactivation. Therefore, H2O2-resistant peroxidase and laccase should be exploited. In this study, H2O2-stable CotA and YjqC were isolated from the outer coat of Bacillus altitudinis SYBC hb4 spores...
2016: PloS One
Bin Wu, Carolina Eliscovich, Young J Yoon, Robert H Singer
Translation is the fundamental biological process converting mRNA information into proteins. Single-molecule imaging in live cells has illuminated the dynamics of RNA transcription; however, it is not yet applicable to translation. Here, we report single-molecule imaging of nascent peptides (SINAPS) to assess translation in live cells. The approach provides direct readout of initiation, elongation, and location of translation. We show that mRNAs coding for endoplasmic reticulum (ER) proteins are translated when they encounter the ER membrane...
June 17, 2016: Science
Talita A Comunian, Joaquin Gomez-Estaca, Roselayne Ferro-Furtado, Gelson José Andrade Conceição, Izabel Cristina Freitas Moraes, Inar Alves de Castro, Carmen S Favaro-Trindade
Microencapsulation by complex coacervation using gelatin and arabic gum (AG) as wall materials and transglutaminase for crosslinking is commonly used. However, AG is only produced in a few countries and transglutaminase is expensive. This work aimed to evaluate the encapsulation of echium oil by complex coacervation using gelatin and cashew gum (CG) as wall materials and sinapic acid (S) as crosslinker. Treatments were analyzed in relation to morphology, particle size, circularity, accelerated oxidation and submitted to different stress conditions...
October 5, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Zeynep Koksal, Zuhal Alim, Sukru Beydemir, Hasan Ozdemir
Lactoperoxidase (LPO) plays a key role in immune response against pathogens. In this study, we examined the effects of some phenolic acids on LPO. For this purpose, bovine milk LPO was purified 380.85-fold with a specific activity of 26.66 EU/mg and overall yield of 73.33% by using Amberlite CG-50 H(+) resin and CNBr-activated Sepharose-4B-l-tyrosine-sulfanilamide affinity chromatography. After purification, the in vitro effects of phenolic acids (tannic acid, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 3,5- dihydroxybenzoic acid, chlorogenic acid, sinapic acid, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, salicylic acid, and 3-hydroxybenzoic acid) were investigated on LPO...
June 12, 2016: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Heajin Park, Jaehoon Jeong, Hanbit Hyun, Jihye Kim, Haesung Kim, Hyun Il Oh, Jai Yeon Choi, Hye Seong Hwang, Doo Byung Oh, Jae Il Kim, Ha Hyung Kim
Allium hookeri is a wild herb found mainly in the Himalayas, growing at altitudes of 1400-4200 m. A. hookeri is widely consumed as a vegetable and herbal medicine in Asia, but its effects on bone health have not been reported previously. This study investigated the effects of a hot-water extract of A. hookeri roots on bone formation. The hot-water extract significantly increased the proliferation of in vitro human osteoblast-like MG-63 cells and the stimulatory effects on osteoblast differentiation were noticeably greater for the hot-water extract than for daidzein (a positive control), as reflected by alkaline phosphatase activity, collagen content, and mineral deposition...
June 9, 2016: Planta Medica
Shweta Kumari, Sam K C Chang
Soy sprouts possess health benefits and is required to be cooked before consumption. The effects of cooking on the phenolic components and antioxidant properties of soy sprouts with different germination days were investigated. A food-grade cultivar Prosoy with a high protein content was germinated for 1, 2, 3, 5, and 7 d and cooked till palatable for 20, 20, 5, 5, and 7 min, respectively. Total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoids content (TFC), condensed tannins content (CTC), individual phenolic acids, isoflavones, DPPH, ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) of raw and cooked sprouts were measured...
July 2016: Journal of Food Science
Chuan-Hong Wang, Jian Yu, Yu-Xiang Cai, Pan-Pan Zhu, Chang-Ying Liu, Ai-Chun Zhao, Rui-Hua Lü, Meng-Jiao Li, Feng-Xiang Xu, Mao-De Yu
A small, multigene family encodes 4-coumarate:CoA ligases (4CLs) that catalyze the ligation of CoA to hydroxycinnamic acids, a branch point directing metabolites to flavonoid or monolignol pathways. In this study, we characterized four 4CL genes from M. notabilis Genome Database, and cloned four Ma4CL genes from M. atropurpurea cv. Jialing No.40. A tissue-specific expression analysis indicated that Ma4CL3 was expressed at higher levels than the other genes, and that Ma4CL3 was strongly expressed in root bark, stem bark, and old leaves...
2016: PloS One
Yuanyuan Hou, Yan Nie, Binfeng Cheng, Jin Tao, Xiaoyao Ma, Min Jiang, Jie Gao, Gang Bai
Gram-negative pathogen-induced nosocomial infections and resistance are a most serious menace to global public health. Qingfei Xiaoyan Wan (QF), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, has been used clinically in China for the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections, acute or chronic bronchitis and pulmonary infection. In this study, the effects of QF on Pseudomonas aeruginosa-induced acute pneumonia in mice were evaluated. The mechanisms by which four typical anti-inflammatory ingredients from QF, arctigenin (ATG), cholic acid (CLA), chlorogenic acid (CGA) and sinapic acid (SPA), regulate anti-inflammatory signaling pathways and related targets were investigated using molecular biology and molecular docking techniques...
May 2016: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
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