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Sinapic acid

Priti Sengupta, Aniruddha Ganguly, Adity Bose
The crucial role of chemosensor for the immediate recognition of environment pollutant motivates the researchers to develop variety of sensing protocols. Of various chemosensory protocols, the colour change observed by the naked eye is considered to be a conceivable and on-site way to indicate the presence of an analyte. We herein report a colourimetric and commercially available absorption probe, sinapic acid (SA) that is completely ready to use for "on-site" visual determination of copper ions. The molecule, SA is well-known phenolic acid, often utilized for its antibacterial activity...
March 3, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Fabíola Aliaga de Lima, Isabela Mateus Martins, Ana Faria, Conceição Calhau, Joana Azevedo, Iva Fernandes, Nuno Mateus, Gabriela Alves Macedo
Phenolic acids have been reported to play a role on the antioxidant activity and other important biological activities. However, as most polyphenolics in food products are either bound to cellular matrices or present as free polymeric forms, the way they are absorbed has not been totally clear until now. Hydrolytic enzymes may act to increase functionalities in polyphenolic-rich foods, enhancing the bioaccessibility of phenolic compounds and minerals from whole grains. The aim of this study was to evaluate the action of tannin acyl hydrolase (tannase) on the total phenols, phenolic acid profile, antioxidant capacity and in vitro bioaccessibility of phenolic acids found in whole rye flour (RF)...
March 14, 2018: Food & Function
Souravh Bais, Renu Kumari, Yash Prashar
BACKGROUND: sinapic acid (3, 5 di-methoxy 4-hydroxycinnamic acid) is a bioactive compound. Recent studies showed that it has a significant potential to attenuate various chemically induced Neurodegenerative toxicities. AIM: the present study investigates the potential of sinapic acid as neuromodulator and its effect on release of Monoamine Oxidase (MAO-A, MAO-B), TNF-α, Acetylcholine esterase Enzyme, in cognitive dysfunctions associated with experimental dementia...
March 9, 2018: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
Juan I Vílchez, Karsten Niehaus, David N Dowling, Jesús González-López, Maximino Manzanera
Drought tolerance of plants such as tomato or pepper can be improved by their inoculation with rhizobacteria such as Microbacterium sp. 3J1. This interaction depends on the production of trehalose by the microorganisms that in turn modulate the phyto-hormone profile of the plant. In this work we describe the characterization of metabolic changes during the interaction of pepper plants with Microbacterium sp. 3J1 and of the microorganism alone over a period of drought. Our main findings include the observation that the plant responds to the presence of the microorganism by changing the C and N metabolism based on its glutamine and α-ketoglutarate content, these changes contribute to major changes in the concentration of molecules involved in the balance of the osmotic pressure...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
C Chen, M Pérez de Nanclares, J F Kurtz, M P Trudeau, L Wang, D Yao, M Saqui-Salces, P E Urriola, L Torunn Mydland, G C Shurson, M Overland
Rapeseed (RS) is an abundant and inexpensive source of energy and AA in diets for monogastrics and a sustainable alternative to soybean meal. It also contains diverse bioactive phytochemicals that could have antinutritional effects at high dose. When the RS-derived feed ingredients (RSF) are used in swine diets, the uptake of these nutrients and phytochemicals is expected to affect the metabolic system. In this study, two groups of young pigs (17.8 ± 2.7 kg initial BW) were equally fed a soybean meal-based control diet and a RSF-based diet, respectively, for 3 wk...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Maria F Quintero-Soto, Ana G Saracho-Peña, Jeanett Chavez-Ontiveros, Jose A Garzon-Tiznado, Karen V Pineda-Hidalgo, Francisco Delgado-Vargas, Jose A Lopez-Valenzuela
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes, nine kabuli from Mexico and 9 desi from other countries, were investigated for their phenolic profiles and antioxidant activity (AA). Phenolics in methanol extracts (ME) were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to diode array detection and mass spectrometry (UPLC-DAD-MS), whereas the AA was measured as Trolox equivalents (TE) by ABTS, DPPH and FRAP methods. Twenty phenolic compounds were identified in the ME and their levels showed a great variability among the chickpea genotypes...
March 7, 2018: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
Kamila Kasprzak, Tomasz Oniszczuk, Agnieszka Wójtowicz, Monika Waksmundzka-Hajnos, Marta Olech, Renata Nowak, Renata Polak, Anna Oniszczuk
Prohealth food contains specific components which have positive influence on the health and well-being of the consumer. An important position among bioactive compounds occurs for polyphenols. Many results have indicated that an increased intake of phenolic compounds may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. The objective of the study was production of extruded corn snacks with addition (0, 2, 4, 6, and 8%) of kale ( Brassica oleracea L. var. sabellica )-a polyphenol-rich plant. Afterwards, high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) and antioxidant activity analyses of snack extracts were performed...
2018: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Lianzhu Lin, Qingyun Yang, Kun Zhao, Mouming Zhao
Adlay bran free phenolic extract has been previously demonstrated to possess potent xanthine oxidase (XOD) inhibitory activity. The aims of this study were to characterize the free phenolic profile of adlay bran and investigate the structure-activity relationship, underlying mechanism and interaction of phenolic acids as XOD inhibitors. A total of twenty phenolics including ten phenolic acids, two coumarins, two phenolic aldedhyes and six flavonoids were identified in a phenolic compound-guided separation by UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS...
July 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Talita A Comunian, Marina Nogueira, Bianca Scolaro, Marcelo Thomazini, Roselayne Ferro-Furtado, Inar Alves de Castro, Carmen S Favaro-Trindade
Intake of omega-3 fatty acids and phytosterols aids in the reduction of cholesterol and serum triglycerides. However, both fatty acids and phytosterols are susceptible to oxidation. This work coencapsulated echium oil (source of stearidonic and alpha-linolenic fatty acids) and beta-sitosterol (phytosterol) by complex coacervation using different combinations of wall materials, and sinapic acid (SA) and transglutaminase as crosslinkers. High encapsulation yields were obtained (29-93% for SA; 68-100% for the mixture of oil and phytosterols) and retention of 49-99% and 16% for encapsulated and free SA, at 30 days-storage...
June 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Md Tabibul Islam, Bok-Rye Lee, Protiva Rani Das, Van Hien La, Ha-Il Jung, Tae-Hwan Kim
To characterize the p-coumaric acid (pCA)-induced phenolic metabolites in relation to the disease resistance against Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc.), the responses of soluble- and cell wall-bound flavonoid and hydroxycinnamic acids compounds to the pretreatment of pCA or the inhibitor of the 4-coumarate-CoA ligase, 3,4-(methylenedioxy) cinnamic acid (MDCA), following Xcc inoculation were assessed, and the resulting data were interpreted with regard to susceptibility to Xcc in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa var...
February 13, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Huilin Liu, Xiaomo Chen, Dianwei Zhang, Jing Wang, Shuo Wang, Baoguo Sun
Highland barley, a staple food in northwest China, is a well-known source of bioactive phytochemicals, including phenolic compounds. This study evaluated the inhibitory effects of highland barley bran extracts (HBBE) on the advanced glycation end products (AGEs) levels in a biscuit model, as measured by Nε-carboxymethyllysine (CML) contents. CML was detected in all inhibition models using HBBE extracted with different solvents. Under optimal conditions, CML formation in the heated model system composed of glucose/lysine/linoleic acid was effectively inhibited by HBBE...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Mandy Heinze, F Hanschen, Melanie Wiesner-Reinhold, Susanne Baldermann, Jan Graefe, Monika Schreiner, Susanne Neugart
Pak choi (Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis) is rich in secondary metabolites and contains numerous antioxidants, including flavonoids and hydroxycinnamic acids as well as carotenoids and chlorophylls, along with glucosinolates that can be hydrolysed to epithionitriles, nitriles, or isothiocyanates. Here, we investigate the effect of reduced exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) and UV (reduced UVA and UVB) at four different developmental stages of pak choi. We found that both plant morphology and the secondary metabolite profiles were affected by reduced exposure to reduced UVB and low UV depending on the plant's developmental stage...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Ji-Yun Lee
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of sinapic acid, a cinnamic acid derivative, on inflammatory changes in a mouse model of colitis. Colitis was induced by intracolonic instillation of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS). Sinapic acid (10, 30, and 100 mg/kg) and dexamethasone (2 mg/kg) were orally administered to Balb/c female mice after TNBS instillation. The anti-inflammatory effect of sinapic acid on colonic injury or damage was assessed by clinical, macroscopic, microscopic, and biochemical analyses...
February 1, 2018: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Jau-Tien Lin, Shih-Chuan Liu, Li-Chun Kuo, Deng-Jye Yang
Cyclea gracillima Diels is a Taiwanese native medicinal herb. However, there are currently few relevant reports on its biochemical activity. In this study, the antioxidant attributes of the ethanol and hot water extracts of this herb were assayed using in vitro models, including the following: 2,2-diphenyl-1-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)-hydrazyl radical scavenging, Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity, reducing power, and chelating ferrous ions. The following biochemical models were also assayed: inhibition of human low density lipoprotein oxidation, inhibition of human erythrocyte hemolysis, and scavenging oxygen radicals in human blood...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Xinjing Dou, Jin Mao, Liangxiao Zhang, Huali Xie, Lin Chen, Li Yu, Fei Ma, Xiupin Wang, Qi Zhang, Peiwu Li
Adulteration of edible oils has attracted attention from more researchers and consumers in recent years. Complex multispecies adulteration is a commonly used strategy to mask the traditional adulteration detection methods. Most of the researchers were only concerned about single targeted adulterants, however, it was difficult to identify complex multispecies adulteration or untargeted adulterants. To detect adulteration of edible oil, identification of characteristic markers of adulterants was proposed to be an effective method, which could provide a solution for multispecies adulteration detection...
January 25, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Olorunfemi A Eseyin, Munavvar A Sattar, Hassaan A Rathore, Flora Aigbe, Sheryar Afzal, Ashfaq Ahmad, Mohammed Lazhari, Safia Akthar
Telfairia occidentalis possesses high antioxidant activity. However, the antioxidant components of the plant have not yet been identified. This study was undertaken to identify the phenolics in the leaf of the plant. Extract and fractions of the leaf of the plant were analysed using the HPLC and GCMS. HPLC analysis revealed the presence of gallic acid (22.19μg/mg), catechin (29.17μg/mg), caffeic acid (9.17μg/mg), ferulic acid (0.94μg/mg), sinapic acid (1.91 μg/mg) and 4-hydroxy benzoic acid (43.86 μg/mg) in the aqueous extract...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Giuseppe Granata, Grazia M L Consoli, Raffaella Lo Nigro, Corrada Geraci
Ferulic, caffeic, sinapic, and coumaric acids, belonging to the class of hydroxycinnamic acids (HAs), are bioactive polyphenols widespread in the plant kingdom and present in the human diet. Due to their biological properties and effects in the prevention of various diseases associated with oxidative stress, HAs can be exploited for attractive nutraceutical applications. Starting from this and in order to increase bioaccessibility, we encapsulated HAs in lipid-core nanocapsules (NCs) based on a biodegradable and biocompatible poly(ε-caprolactone) polymer...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Robyn E Goacher, Erick J Braham, Courtney L Michienzi, Robert M Flick, Alexander F Yakunin, Emma R Master
The modification and degradation of lignin play a vital role in carbon cycling as well as production of biofuels and bioproducts. The possibility of using bacterial laccases for the oxidation of lignin offers a route to utilize existing industrial protein expression techniques. However, bacterial laccases are most frequently studied on small model compounds that do not capture the complexity of lignocellulosic materials. This work studied the action of laccases from Bacillus subtilis and Salmonella typhimurium (EC 1...
December 29, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
P M Pradeep, Yadahally N Sreerama
Evaluation of phenolic contents and their in vitro bioactivities of six diverse cultivars of foxtail and little millets revealed that their total phenolic content ranged from 19.42 to 24.12 µmol ferulic acid equivalents/g. The soluble fraction accounted for more than 80% of the total phenolic and flavonoid contents. Ferulic, caffeic and sinapic acids were the predominant phenolic acids, and luteolin and kaempferol were major flavonoids in the soluble fractions of millets. However, ferulic and p-coumaric acids were abundant in the bound fractions...
May 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Xiaojian Huang, Qiyong Pan, Zekai Mao, Rui Zhang, Xiaohu Ma, Yang Xi, Hongbo You
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease frequently seen in the elderly population. Sinapic acid (SA), a commonly found phenolic acid, has been pharmacologically evaluated for its anti-inflammation effects in various studies. To explore its potential therapeutic role for OA, rat chondrocytes were treated with IL-1β (10 ng/ml) with different concentrations of SA in vitro. Our study revealed that SA could inhibit the IL-1β-induced production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Consistent with these findings, the increased protein levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase (Cox)-2 could also be downregulated by SA...
December 14, 2017: Inflammation
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