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Thyroidectomy complications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200896/methamphetamine-use-with-subsequent-thyrotoxicosis-thyroid-storm-agranulocytosis-and-modified-total-thyroidectomy-a-case-report
#1
Omar Viswanath, Deanna C Menapace, Don B Headley
Thyroid storm is a rare, potentially lethal condition involving collapse of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid feedback loop. Thyroid storm carries a significant mortality rate, thus requiring prompt identification and treatment. A 47-year-old woman presented to the emergency department complaining of palpitations, shortness of breath, and emesis for 24 hours after using methamphetamine. Past medical history was significant for untreated hyperthyroidism. Physical examination revealed a prominent, palpable thyroid...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197191/post-thyroidectomy-hypoparathyroidism-what-should-we-keep-in-mind
#2
Pietro Caglià, Silvana Puglisi, Antonino Buffone, Salvo Lo Bianco, Valeriya Okatyeva, Massimiliano Veroux, Matteo Angelo Cannizzaro
AIM: Hypoparathyroidism and the resulting hypocalcemia is a common iatrogenic complication following surgical procedures to the neck, and commonly, to the thyroid gland. The aim of this study was to review the available literature to summarize current data related to the development of hypoparathyroidism after thyroid surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An analysis of the surgical literature was performed using the search engine EMBASE and PubMed with particular reference to the principal risk factors related to the post-thyroid surgery hypoparathyroidism...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188293/variation-of-thyroidectomy-specific-outcomes-among-hospitals-and-their-association-with-risk-adjustment-and-hospital-performance
#3
Jason B Liu, Julie A Sosa, Raymon H Grogan, Yaoming Liu, Mark E Cohen, Clifford Y Ko, Bruce L Hall
Importance: Current surgical quality metrics might be insufficient to fully judge the quality of certain operations because they are not procedure specific. Hypocalcemia, recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury, and hematoma are considered to be the most relevant outcomes to measure after thyroidectomy. Whether these outcomes can be used as hospital quality metrics is unknown. Objectives: To evaluate whether thyroidectomy-specific outcomes vary among hospitals, whether the addition of thyroidectomy-specific variables affects risk adjustment, and whether differences in hospital performance are associated with thyroidectomy-specific care processes...
November 29, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187757/the-role-of-laryngectomy-in-locally-advanced-thyroid-carcinoma-review-of-16-cases
#4
A I Chala, S Vélez, A Sanabria
Locally advanced disease with larynx invasion is a challenge to the surgeon, but laryngectomy is almost never necessary in thyroid carcinoma. The aim of this study was to review the clinical outcomes of patients with locally advanced thyroid carcinoma invading the larynx who underwent laryngectomy. A case series of patients treated in a tertiary care hospital was reviewed. Data about the type of operation, method of reconstruction, complications and overall survival of 16 patients operated on between 2002 and 2015 with larynx invasion is presented...
November 30, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180898/risk-factors-for-hypocalcemia-and-hypoparathyroidism-following-thyroidectomy-a-retrospective-chinese-population-study
#5
Ying-Hao Wang, Adheesh Bhandari, Fan Yang, Wei Zhang, Li-Jun Xue, Hai-Guang Liu, Xiao-Hua Zhang, Cheng-Ze Chen
Background: Hypocalcemia is one of the most common postoperative complications following thyroid surgery in clinical practice. The occurrence of hypocalcemia is mainly attributed to hypoparathyroidism when parathyroid glands are devascularized, injured, or dissected during the surgery. The aim of this study was to analyze the risk factors for hypocalcemia and hypoparathyroidism following thyroidectomy. Patients and methods: A total of 278 patients who underwent thyroid surgery were analyzed retrospectively...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162343/long-term-voice-quality-outcomes-after-total-thyroidectomy-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#6
Frédéric Borel, Niki Christou, Olivier Marret, Muriel Mathonnet, Cécile Caillard, Sahar Bannani, Delphine Drui, Florent Espitalier, Claire Blanchard, Eric Mirallié
BACKGROUND: Postthyroidectomy voice disorders can occur without any recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, and probably are the most frequent complication after thyroidectomy. We report the long-term voice quality outcomes after total thyroidectomy without vocal cord palsy using a simple self-assessment tool: the voice handicap index self-questionnaire. METHODS: This observational prospective multicenter study included 203 patients from the "ThyrQoL" study (ClinicalTrial NCT02167529), who underwent total thyroidectomy between October 2014 and August 2015 in 3 French Hospitals (Nantes, La Roche-sur-Yon, and Limoges)...
November 18, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157765/the-effect-of-preoperative-oral-carbohydrate-solution-intake-on-patient-comfort-a-randomized-controlled-study
#7
Emel Çakar, Emel Yilmaz, Ekrem Çakar, Hakan Baydur
PURPOSE: The study was conducted to investigate the effect of preoperative oral carbohydrate loading on the preoperative discomforts and postoperative complications of patients undergoing elective thyroidectomy. DESIGN: A randomized controlled clinical trial. METHODS: Ninety patients scheduled for thyroidectomy were divided into three groups: (1) those receiving a carbohydrate-rich drink (CHD), (2) those receiving an overnight 5% glucose intravenous infusion, and (3) those fasting from midnight...
December 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155510/in-situ-preservation-of-parathyroid-glands-advanced-surgical-tips-for-prevention-of-permanent-hypoparathyroidism-in-thyroid-surgery
#8
Radan Dzodic, Nada Santrac
Hypoparathyroidism (HPT) is one of the most frequentand severe complications of thyroid surgery. It is caused by intraoperative damage, devascularization or accidental removal of the parathyroid glands (PTGs). The incidence of postoperative HPT is directly proportional to surgery extent and surgeon's experience. After 40 years of experience in thyroid surgery, the first author summarizes the already known surgical steps in thyroid surgery and adds some useful practical tips for in situ preservation of PTGs...
July 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142855/single-port-thoracoscopic-treatment-of-thoracic-duct-injury-after-thyroidectomy-with-neck-dissection
#9
Serkan Teksoz, Ezel Ersen, Akif Enes Arikan, Sina Ferahman, Kamil Kaynak, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Yusuf Bukey
Chylous leakage is a complication of thyroidectomy accompanied by bilateral neck dissection with incidence of 0.5-6.2%. A 51-year-old female patient underwent total thyroidectomy, bilateral and central neck dissection for papillary thyroid carcinoma. In post-operative 4(th) day, left sided chylous leakage was observed as 1,500 cc/day through neck drain. Leakage did not cease after 1-month conservative treatment so single port thoracoscopic intervention was performed. Under general anesthesia, patient was placed in left lateral decubitus position...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142853/silk-suture-reaction-in-thyroid-surgery
#10
Selen Soylu, Akif Enes Arikan, Serkan Teksoz, Murat Ozcan, Yusuf Bukey
Silk suture reaction (i.e., a benign granulomatous inflammatory foreign body reaction) is a rare complication of thyroid surgery. Here, two cases of post-thyroidectomy suture reaction are presented. Both of the patients were female, one is 48 and the other is 34 years old. The patients were presented with neck swelling and leakage of serous fluid from the Kocher's incision. Both patients had normal free T4, free T3, and TSH values. The 48-year-old female patient had a right subtotal and left near-total thyroidectomy 6 years ago and the other had bilateral total thyroidectomy 6 years ago...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142852/thyroidectomy-in-elderly-patients-aged-%C3%A2-70-years
#11
REVIEW
Davide Inversini, Andrea Morlacchi, Giuseppinella Melita, Simona Del Ferraro, Carlo Boeri, Mattia Portinari, Antonino Cancellieri, Francesco Frattini, Antonio Giacomo Rizzo, Gianlorenzo Dionigi
Worldwide, the indications for thyroid surgery have been continuously extended among elderly patients in the last 20 years. The balance between treatment indication and surgical risk is certainly an interesting topic for every thyroid surgeon. This paper is a review of recent literature from January 2005 up to April 2017. We analyzed three principal subjects: indications for surgical treatment, medical complications and surgical complications. We can summarize the conclusions of our analysis, stating that age could not be considered as an absolute factor, but in relation to the comorbidities and the general clinical condition of the patient...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142850/complications-from-tracheal-resection-for-thyroid-carcinoma
#12
REVIEW
Nicola Rotolo, Maria Cattoni, Andrea Imperatori
Thyroidectomy associated to en bloc tracheal resection with end-to-end anastomosis is the treatment of choice of thyroid tumor invading the tracheal wall and is associated with a good prognosis. However, the postoperative morbidity is not irrelevant. The present review aims to discuss the complications occurring after this aggressive surgical procedure. The search was performed using PubMed through an overarching for the following terms: "complication of tracheal resection [AND] invasive thyroid cancer". Postoperative complications rate after tracheal sleeve resection with end-to-end anastomosis for thyroid cancer invading tracheal wall range from 15% to 39%...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142849/the-application-of-drains-in-thyroid-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Mattia Portinari, Paolo Carcoforo
It has been shown that the use of drain in thyroid surgery does not reduce the reoperation rate for hemorrhage. The aim of this systematic review was to update the knowledge of the role of drain in thyroid surgery in term of postoperative complications, pain and hospital length of stay (LOS). A systematic search was performed in the PubMed and Embase database to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing clinical outcomes in patients who underwent thyroidectomy or lobectomy with or without drainage...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142842/prevention-and-management-of-bleeding-in-thyroid-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Gabriele Materazzi, Carlo Enrico Ambrosini, Lorenzo Fregoli, Luigi De Napoli, Gianluca Frustaci, Valeria Matteucci, Piermarco Papini, Sohail Bakkar, Paolo Miccoli
Post-thyroidectomy neck hematoma represents a major concern for surgeons because it can result in severe and even life-threatening complications. In fact, postoperative hemorrhage may result in airway compression and respiratory distress, and therefore, effective hemostasis is an important goal in thyroid surgery. Postoperative hematoma occurs at a rate of approximately 0.1% to 1.1%. Almost all cases occur in the first 6 h after surgery and can be the result of several surgeon or patient factors. For many years the clamp-and-tie technique has been the most common way to divide the main vascular pedicles of the thyroid gland...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142840/morbidity-of-central-neck-dissection-for-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Davide Lombardi, Remo Accorona, Alberto Paderno, Carlo Cappelli, Piero Nicolai
Thyroid cancer has a very well-known propensity for nodal involvement, either in the central and lateral neck compartments. Neck dissection addressing the central compartment may be performed with an elective or therapeutic intent, the former concomitantly to a thyroidectomy whereas the latter may be accomplished also as a revision procedure for recurrent disease. In this paper complications of central compartment neck dissection will be described, analyzing separately primary and revision procedures.
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142839/morbidity-from-minimally-invasive-video-assisted-thyroidectomy-a-general-review
#16
REVIEW
Celestino Pio Lombardi, Giulia Carnassale, Annamaria D'Amore, Valentina Milano, Carmela De Crea, Marco Raffaelli, Rocco Bellantone
Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) is known and used worldwide, it combines the advantages associated with endoscopic magnification with those due with traditional surgery. In selected patients, it should be considered a safe and valid alternative. Indeed, a lot of comparative studies have demonstrated the advantages of MIVAT in terms of low rate of complications, reduced postoperative pain, improved cosmetic results and higher patient satisfaction over traditional surgery. Anyway, for obtaining the best results, with similar or even less complication rate than traditional surgery, surgeons should be well trained, acquired confidence with a smaller surgical incision and with the use of endoscopic instruments...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142834/two-stage-thyroidectomy-in-the-era-of-intraoperative-neuromonitoring
#17
Christos Christoforides, Ioannis Papandrikos, Georgios Polyzois, Nikolaos Roukounakis, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Kyriakos Vamvakidis
Background: The use of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) provides surgeons with real time information about recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLN) functional integrity. Hence, allowing them to modify the initially scheduled bilateral procedure, to a two-stage thyroidectomy in cases of loss of signal (LOS) on the first side of resection resulting in minimization of bilateral RLN injury. The purpose of our study was to present our results since the implementation of the above mentioned process in both malignant and benign thyroid disease...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142830/parathyroid-hormone-and-serum-calcium-levels-measurements-as-predictors-of-postoperative-hypocalcemia-in-total-thyroidectomy
#18
Mohammed Algarni, Rajab Alzahrani, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Al-Hakami Hadi, Haia AlSubayea
Background: The rules of quantitative measures such as parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in the first hours following total thyroidectomy have since been validated repeatedly. Such measures play an integral rule in identifying patients at significant risk for hypocalcaemia and have allowed for earlier supplementation of these patients with calcium with or without vitamin D. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 40 consecutive patients with well differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC) who underwent total thyroidectomy without central neck dissection (CND) as an initial surgery and no comorbidity at King Abdulaziz Medical City (National Guard hospital), between July 2011 and July 2012...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124992/efficacy-of-ketamine-for-postoperative-pain-following-robotic-thyroidectomy-a-prospective-randomised-study
#19
Jiwon Lee, Hee-Pyoung Park, Mu-Hui Jeong, Je-Do Son, Hyun-Chang Kim
Objective Although robotic thyroidectomy (RoT) is a minimally invasive surgery, percutaneous tunneling causes moderate to severe pain immediately postoperatively. We evaluated the efficacy of ketamine for postoperative pain management in patients following RoT. Methods Sixty-four patients scheduled for RoT were randomly divided into two groups. In the ketamine group (n = 32), ketamine was infused from induction of anaesthesia until the end of the procedure (0.15-mg/kg bolus with continuous infusion at 2 µg/kg/min)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120517/outpatient-versus-inpatient-thyroidectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Daniel J Lee, Christopher J Chin, Chris J Hong, Stefan Perera, Ian J Witterick
BACKGROUND: Outpatient thyroidectomy has gained popularity due to improved resource utilization. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis using MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, and the Cochrane library. We included all studies examining the outcomes of outpatient thyroidectomy as compared with those of inpatient thyroidectomy. Risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Postoperative complications (hematoma, hypocalcemia, and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury) and readmission/reintervention rates were compared...
November 9, 2017: Head & Neck
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