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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923937/low-volume-whole-body-vibration-training-improves-exercise-capacity-in-subjects-with-mild-to-severe-copd
#1
Marc Spielmanns, Tobias Boeselt, Rainer Gloeckl, Anja Klutsch, Henrike Fischer, Henryk Polanski, Christoph Nell, Jan H Storre, Wolfram Windisch, Andreas R Koczulla
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the benefits of a low-volume out-patient whole-body vibration training (WBVT) program on exercise capacity in comparison with a calisthenics training program in subjects with COPD. METHODS: In this single-center randomized controlled trial, 29 subjects with mild to severe COPD were randomized to WBVT or to calisthenics training, including relaxation and breathing retraining in combination with calisthenics exercises...
December 6, 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917268/effects-of-the-genium-knee-system-on-functional-level-stair-ambulation-perceptive-and-economic-outcomes-in-transfemoral-amputees
#2
M Jason Highsmith, Jason T Kahle, Matthew M Wernke, Stephanie L Carey, Rebecca M Miro, Derek J Lura, Bryce S Sutton
Compared to non-microprocessor knees, the C-Leg microprocessor knee (MPK) is bioenergentically and economically more efficient and safer for transfemoral amputation (TFA) patients. The Genium MPK has demonstrated improvements in perceived function, knee kinematics, and physical functional performance compared to C-Leg. Clinical and health economic analyses have not been conducted with the Genium knee system. The purpose of this study was to determine if laboratory determined benefits of Genium are detectable using common clinical assessments and if there are economic benefits associated with its use...
September 2016: Technology and Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915222/exoskeleton-plantarflexion-assistance-for-elderly
#3
S Galle, W Derave, F Bossuyt, P Calders, P Malcolm, D De Clercq
Elderly are confronted with reduced physical capabilities and increased metabolic energy cost of walking. Exoskeletons that assist walking have the potential to restore walking capacity by reducing the metabolic cost of walking. However, it is unclear if current exoskeletons can reduce energy cost in elderly. Our goal was to study the effect of an exoskeleton that assists plantarflexion during push-off on the metabolic energy cost of walking in physically active and healthy elderly. Seven elderly (age 69.3±3...
November 28, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914722/poor-expectations-of-knee-replacement-benefit-are-associated-with-modifiable-psychological-factors-and-influence-the-decision-to-have-surgery-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study-of-a-community-based-sample
#4
Daniel L Riddle, Gregory J Golladay, Amanda Hayes, Hassan M K Ghomrawi
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a highly effective surgery, but is underutilized by some patient groups. This study determined factors associated with a person's expectations with respect to pain and walking function following a TKA procedure, should they elect to undergo a TKA. METHODS: A total of 3542 people were studied with or at risk of knee osteoarthritis and enrolled in the community-based Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI). Multivariable logistic regression analyses identified demographic, socioeconomic, osteoarthritis-related, joint replacement awareness, and psychological correlates as poor outcome expectations...
November 30, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914499/exercise-training-improves-exercise-capacity-and-quality-of-life-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-a-randomized-pilot-trial
#5
Axel Pressler, Jeffrey W Christle, Benjamin Lechner, Viola Grabs, Bernhard Haller, Ina Hettich, David Jochheim, Julinda Mehilli, Rüdiger Lange, Sabine Bleiziffer, Martin Halle
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is increasingly applied for aortic stenosis in elderly patients with impaired mobility and reduced quality of life. These patients may particularly benefit from postinterventional exercise programs, but no randomized study has evaluated the safety and efficacy of exercise in this population. METHODS: In a prospective pilot study, 30 patients after TAVI (mean age, 81±6 years, 44% female, 83±34 days postintervention) were randomly allocated 1:1 to a training group (TG) performing 8 weeks of supervised combined endurance and resistance exercise or to usual care...
December 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914094/walking-through-a-virtual-environment-improves-perceived-size-within-and-beyond-the-walked-space
#6
Zachary D Siegel, Jonathan W Kelly
Distances tend to be underperceived in virtual environments (VEs) by up to 50%, whereas distances tend to be perceived accurately in the real world. Previous work has shown that allowing participants to interact with the VE while receiving continual visual feedback can reduce this underperception. Judgments of virtual object size have been used to measure whether this improvement is due to the rescaling of perceived space, but there is disagreement within the literature as to whether judgments of object size benefit from interaction with feedback...
December 2, 2016: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909373/exercise-telemonitoring-and-telerehabilitation-compared-with-traditional-cardiac-and-pulmonary-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Christen Chan, Cristiane Yamabayashi, Nafeez Syed, Ashley Kirkham, Pat G Camp
Background: Despite exercise capacity and quality-of-life benefits, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes are not easily accessed because of several barriers. A solution may be telerehabilitation (TR), in which patients exercise in their communities while they are monitored via teletechnology. However, the benefits of TR for the purposes of PR and CR have not been systematically reviewed. Objective: To determine whether the benefits of the exercise component of PR and CR using TR are comparable to usual-care (UC) programmes...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909047/exercise-in-patients-on-dialysis-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Fabio Manfredini, Francesca Mallamaci, Graziella D'Arrigo, Rossella Baggetta, Davide Bolignano, Claudia Torino, Nicola Lamberti, Silvio Bertoli, Daniele Ciurlino, Lisa Rocca-Rey, Antonio Barillà, Yuri Battaglia, Renato Mario Rapanà, Alessandro Zuccalà, Graziella Bonanno, Pasquale Fatuzzo, Francesco Rapisarda, Stefania Rastelli, Fabrizio Fabrizi, Piergiorgio Messa, Luciano De Paola, Luigi Lombardi, Adamasco Cupisti, Giorgio Fuiano, Gaetano Lucisano, Chiara Summaria, Michele Felisatti, Enrico Pozzato, Anna Maria Malagoni, Pietro Castellino, Filippo Aucella, Samar Abd ElHafeez, Pasquale Fabio Provenzano, Giovanni Tripepi, Luigi Catizone, Carmine Zoccali
Previous studies have suggested the benefits of physical exercise for patients on dialysis. We conducted the Exercise Introduction to Enhance Performance in Dialysis trial, a 6-month randomized, multicenter trial to test whether a simple, personalized walking exercise program at home, managed by dialysis staff, improves functional status in adult patients on dialysis. The main study outcomes included change in physical performance at 6 months, assessed by the 6-minute walking test and the five times sit-to-stand test, and in quality of life, assessed by the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form (KDQOL-SF) questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908805/understanding-patient-acceptance-of-risk-with-treatment-options-for-intermittent-claudication
#9
Abigail Hm Morbi, Sophie Coles, Mostafa Albayati, Ian M Nordon, Cliff Shearman
OBJECTIVES: Intermittent claudication has a major impact on the quality of life and functional ability of the patient. However, when treating these patients, management is largely influenced by vascular surgeons' perceptions of risk. There is little information available regarding the level of risk that patients perceive to be acceptable, when considering complications of treatment. This study investigates patients' acceptance of risk associated with current management options for intermittent claudication and explores factors associated with greater risk acceptance...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906646/a-physical-activity-intervention-and-changes-in-body-mass-index-at-a-middle-school-with-a-large-american-indian-population-oklahoma-2004-2009
#10
June E Eichner, Olakunle A Folorunso, William E Moore
School-based interventions can reach children and adolescents and aid in reducing the prevalence of childhood obesity. A physical education class that engaged middle school students in a daily 1-mile walk or run and other team sports was developed in a rural school in southwestern Oklahoma with a large American Indian population. Body mass index z scores decreased among boys and were stable among girls in the intervention group compared with students who did not participate in the intervention. A daily required walk or run may help to establish a physical activity habit with all of its associated benefits...
December 1, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904925/breaking-sitting-with-light-activities-vs-structured-exercise-a-randomised-crossover-study-demonstrating-benefits-for-glycaemic-control-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-type-2-diabetes
#11
Bernard M F M Duvivier, Nicolaas C Schaper, Matthijs K C Hesselink, Linh van Kan, Nathalie Stienen, Bjorn Winkens, Annemarie Koster, Hans H C M Savelberg
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to examine the effects of breaking sitting with standing and light-intensity walking vs an energy-matched bout of structured exercise on 24 h glucose levels and insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In a randomised crossover study, 19 patients with type 2 diabetes (13 men/6 women, 63 ± 9 years old) who were not using insulin each followed three regimens under free-living conditions, each lasting 4 days: (1) Sitting: 4415 steps/day with 14 h sitting/day; (2) Exercise: 4823 steps/day with 1...
December 1, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903628/the-role-of-plantigrady-and-heel-strike-in-the-mechanics-and-energetics-of-human-walking-with-implications-for-the-evolution-of-the-human-foot
#12
James T Webber, David A Raichlen
Human bipedal locomotion is characterized by a habitual heel-strike (HS) plantigrade gait, yet the significance of walking foot-posture is not well understood. To date, researchers have not fully investigated the costs of non-heel-strike (NHS) walking. Therefore, we examined walking speed, walk-to-run transition speed, estimated locomotor costs (lower limb muscle volume activated during walking), impact transient (rapid increase in ground force at touchdown) and effective limb length (ELL) in subjects (n=14) who walked at self-selected speeds using HS and NHS gaits...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903588/discovery-and-validation-of-agonistic-angiotensin-receptor-autoantibodies-as-biomarkers-of-adverse-outcomes
#13
Peter Abadir, Alka Jain, Laura Powell, Qian-Li Xue, Jing Tian, Robert G Hamilton, David Bennett, Thomas Finucane, Jeremy D Walston, Neal S Fedarko
BACKGROUND: -Agonistic angiotensin II type I receptor autoantibodies (AT1RaAbs) have not been associated with functional measures or risk for adverse health outcomes. AT1RaAbs could be utilized to stratify patient risk and to identify patients who can benefit from angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) treatment. METHODS: -Demographic and physiologic covariates were measured in a discovery set of community dwelling adults from Baltimore (N=255) and AT1RaAb associations with physical function tests and outcomes assessed...
November 30, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900176/systematic-review-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-interventions-to-improve-health-fitness-and-well-being-of-children-and-young-people-who-use-wheelchairs
#14
Thomas D O'Brien, Jane Noyes, Llinos Haf Spencer, Hans-Peter Kubis, Richard P Hastings, Rhiannon Whitaker
AIM: To perform a systematic review establishing the current evidence base for physical activity and exercise interventions that promote health, fitness and well-being, rather than specific functional improvements, for children who use wheelchairs. DESIGN: A systematic review using a mixed methods design. DATA SOURCES: A wide range of databases, including Web of Science, PubMed, BMJ Best Practice, NHS EED, CINAHL, AMED, NICAN, PsychINFO, were searched for quantitative, qualitative and health economics evidence...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900151/can-the-otago-falls-prevention-program-be-delivered-by-video-a-feasibility-study
#15
Jennifer C Davis, Chun Liang Hsu, Winnie Cheung, Penny M A Brasher, Linda C Li, Karim M Khan, Jonathan Sykes, Dawn A Skelton, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the feasibility of delivering the Otago Exercise Programme (OEP) via an interactive DVD (ie, OEP-DVD) in combination with monthly physical therapist phone calls to older adults. DESIGN: This pre-post (baseline and 6-month follow-up) study included an intervention group (n=61) based in a rural location and a control group (n=21) based in a city. SETTING: Sechelt and Vancouver, British Columbia. PARTICIPANTS: 82 community-dwelling adults ≥75 years...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887774/rationale-and-study-design-of-respite-an-open-label-phase-3b-study-of-riociguat-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-who-demonstrate-an-insufficient-response-to-treatment-with-phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors
#16
Marius M Hoeper, James R Klinger, Raymond L Benza, Gerald Simonneau, David Langleben, Robert Naeije, Paul A Corris
Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) who do not have an adequate response to therapy with phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE-5i) may have insufficient synthesis of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). These patients may respond to a direct soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) stimulator such as riociguat. RESPITE (NCT02007629) was an open-label, multicenter, uncontrolled, single-arm phase 3b study of riociguat in patients with PAH who demonstrated an insufficient response to treatment with PDE-5i...
November 5, 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886098/is-green-exercise-for-all-a-descriptive-study-of-green-exercise-habits-and-promoting-factors-in-adult-norwegians
#17
Giovanna Calogiuri, Grete G Patil, Geir Aamodt
Background: Physical activity (PA) in natural environments, known as green exercise (GE), can provide health benefits above and beyond PA in other environments, but little is known about the extent to which GE is an accessible form of weekly PA across different social groups. This study aims to examine the "GE phenomenon" in Norway, and evaluate possible differences in GE habits and perceived factors that promote GE across sub-groups of this population. Methods: 2168 adults from all over Norway reported weekly GE and other forms of PA, specific forms of GE, and perceived factors that promote GE...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885147/-you-can-t-just-walk-down-the-street-and-meet-someone-the-intersection-of-social-sexual-networking-technology-stigma-and-health-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-the-small-city
#18
Jaclyn M White Hughto, John E Pachankis, Adam I Eldahan, Danya E Keene
Social-sexual networking technologies have been reported to yield both psychosocial benefits and sexual risks for gay and bisexual men, yet little research has explored how technology interacts with the social-geographical environment to shape the health of gay and bisexual men in the relatively understudied environment of small cities. This article draws on 29 semistructured interviews examining the use of social-sexual networking technologies among racially diverse gay and bisexual men in two small cities...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883319/the-effects-of-hormonal-therapy-and-exercise-on-bone-turnover-in-postmenopausal-women-a-randomised-double-blind-pilot-study
#19
Suzy Y Honisett, Kathy Tangalakis, John Wark, Vasso Apostolopoulos, Lily Stojanovska
INTRODUCTION: Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and walking were investigated independently and in combination, to determine which treatment provided most effect on bone turnover in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Using a randomised double-blind pilot study, 10 subjects received HRT (transdermal estradiol, 50 μg/day and oral MPA 5 mg/day) and 12 received placebo for 20 weeks. Following a baseline period of treatment, both groups undertook a graduated walking regimen, which increased in intensity, duration and frequency parameters from weeks 8-20...
November 1, 2016: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883167/frailty-is-a-geriatric-syndrome-characterized-by-multiple-impairments-a-comprehensive-approach-is-needed
#20
L-K Chen, A-C Hwang, L-K Liu, W-J Lee, L-N Peng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of frailty and the associated multimorbidity and functional impairments among community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly people in Taiwan. DESIGN: a cross-sectional study. SETTING: communities in I-Lan County of Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: 1839 community-dwelling people aged 50 years and older. INTERVENTION: None. MEASUREMENTS: Frailty defined by Fried's criteria, Charlson's comorbidity index (CCI), Functional Autonomy Measurement System (SMAF), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Mini-Nutrition Assessment (MNA), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Short Form-12 quality of life questionnaire...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
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