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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535358/effectiveness-of-peers-in-delivering-programs-or-motivating-older-people-to-increase-their-participation-in-physical-activity-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Keith D Hill, Jim Codde, Phil Airey, Anne-Marie Hill
The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of peers to deliver programs or encourage older people to be physically active and improve physical outcomes. Peer reviewed articles published in English between January 1976 and June 2016, retrieved from six databases according to the predefined inclusion criteria were included. Where possible results were pooled and meta-analyses conducted. Eighteen articles were included in the review, a total of 3,492 intervention participants, average age 66...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532866/the-effects-of-12-weeks-pilates-inspired-exercise-training-on-functional-performance-in-older-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Natália Donzeli Vieira, Daniela Testa, Paula Cristine Ruas, Tânia de Fátima Salvini, Aparecida Maria Catai, Ruth Caldeira Melo
BACKGROUND: Recent scientific evidence supports the benefits of Pilates exercises on postural balance and muscle strength of older persons. However, their effects on other aspects of physical fitness, which are also important for independent living in older age, are still unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a 12-week Pilates-inspired exercise program on the functional performance of community-dwelling older women. METHODS: Forty community-dwelling older women were randomly enrolled in a Pilates-inspired exercise training (2 times/week, 60 min/session) (PG, n = 21, 66...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522762/postmeal-exercise-blunts-postprandial-glucose-excursions-in-people-on-metformin-monotherapy
#3
Melissa Lynn Erickson, Jonathan Peter Little, Jennifer L Gay, Kevin K McCully, Nathan T Jenkins
Metformin is used clinically to reduce fasting glucose with minimal effects on postprandial glucose. Postmeal exercise reduces postprandial glucose and may offer additional glucose-lowering benefit beyond that of metformin alone, yet controversy exists surrounding exercise and metformin interactions. It is currently unknown how postmeal exercise and metformin monotherapy in combination will affect postprandial glucose. Thus, we examined the independent and combined effects of postmeal exercise and metformin monotherapy on postprandial glucose...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521803/physical-interface-dynamics-alter-how-robotic-exosuits-augment-human-movement-implications-for-optimizing-wearable-assistive-devices
#4
Matthew B Yandell, Brendan T Quinlivan, Dmitry Popov, Conor Walsh, Karl E Zelik
BACKGROUND: Wearable assistive devices have demonstrated the potential to improve mobility outcomes for individuals with disabilities, and to augment healthy human performance; however, these benefits depend on how effectively power is transmitted from the device to the human user. Quantifying and understanding this power transmission is challenging due to complex human-device interface dynamics that occur as biological tissues and physical interface materials deform and displace under load, absorbing and returning power...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520676/describing-weight-loss-attempts-and-physical-activity-among-individuals-with-tbi-prior-to-participation-in-a-weight-loss-program
#5
Simon Driver, Megan Reynolds, Megan Douglas, Monica Bennett
OBJECTIVE: Describe (1) weight loss history, (2) perceptions about lifestyle changes, and (3) physical activity among a sample of individuals with traumatic brain injury prior to a 12-month lifestyle change program. SETTING: Community-based. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals enrolled in a lifestyle change program, 6 months or more post-traumatic brain injury, body mass index of 25 or greater, 18 to 64 years of age, with physician's clearance to participate...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513305/do-sitting-standing-or-treadmill-desks-impact-psychobiological-indicators-of-work-productivity
#6
Nicholas D Gilson, Caitlin Hall, Angela Renton, Norman Ng, William von Hippel
BACKGROUND: This pilot study investigated links between psychobiological indicators of work productivity, prolonged desk sitting, and conditions whereby office workers were able to interrupt sitting using a sit-stand or treadmill desk. METHODS: Twenty participants visited our laboratory and completed their own desk work in counterbalanced sit-only, sit-stand (Varidesk Pro Plus 48(TM)) and sit-walk conditions (Infiniti TR1200-DTS(TM)). Steady state visually evoked potentials (SSVEPs) calculated from electroencephalography recordings during a set task at the end of the workday assessed attentional resource...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509631/improving-balance-mobility-and-dual-task-performance-in-an-adolescent-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-report
#7
Sarah Fisher-Pipher, Lisa K Kenyon, Marci Westman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Improving functional mobility is often a desired outcome for adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). Traditional neurorehabilitation approaches are frequently directed at impairments; however, improvements may not be carried over into functional mobility. The purpose of this case report was to describe the examination, intervention, and outcomes of a task-oriented physical therapy intervention program to improve dynamic balance, functional mobility, and dual-task performance in an adolescent with CP...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507015/preserving-healthy-muscle-during-weight-loss
#8
REVIEW
Edda Cava, Nai Chien Yeat, Bettina Mittendorfer
Weight loss is the cornerstone of therapy for people with obesity because it can ameliorate or completely resolve the metabolic risk factors for diabetes, coronary artery disease, and obesity-associated cancers. The potential health benefits of diet-induced weight loss are thought to be compromised by the weight-loss-associated loss of lean body mass, which could increase the risk of sarcopenia (low muscle mass and impaired muscle function). The objective of this review is to provide an overview of what is known about weight-loss-induced muscle loss and its implications for overall physical function (e...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506514/a-novel-cooling-method-and-comparison-of-active-rewarming-of-mildly-hypothermic-subjects
#9
Mark L Christensen, Grant S Lipman, Dennis A Grahn, Kate M Shea, Joseph Einhorn, H Craig Heller
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of arteriovenous anastomosis (AVA) vs heated intravenous fluid (IVF) rewarming in hypothermic subjects. Additionally, we sought to develop a novel method of hypothermia induction. METHODS: Eight subjects underwent 3 cooling trials each to a mean core temperature of 34.8±0.6 (32.7 to 36.3°C) by 14°C water immersion for 30 minutes, followed by walking on a treadmill for 5 minutes. Core temperatures (Δtes) and rates of cooling (°C/h) were measured...
May 11, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505988/intensive-seated-robotic-training-of-the-ankle-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-differentially-improves-gait
#10
Johanna L Chang, Regina Y Lin, Maira Saul, Philip J Koch, Hermano Igo Krebs, Bruce T Volpe
BACKGROUND: Robotic driven treatment plans targeting isolated joints of the upper limb have improved the sensorimotor condition of patients with stroke. Similar intensive efforts to allay lower limb gait impairment have not been so successful. In patients with stroke, targeted robot assisted training of the ankle joint, in a seated position, has demonstrated significant alterations in ankle stiffness and foot-ankle orientation at foot strike which may provide a new treatment option for gait impairment...
May 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500695/clinical-characteristics-and-survival-of-systemic-sclerosis-patients-with-pulmonary-hypertension-and-elevated-wedge-pressure-observations-from-the-pharos-cohort
#11
Matthew R Lammi, Lesley A Saketkoo, Jessica K Gordon, Paula Lauto, Karen Fagan, Virginia D Steen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a complex autoimmune disease commonly associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH). When associated with elevated pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP), pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) is either in-proportion (post-capillary PH) or higher than expected (combined PH) relative to the increased PAWP. METHODS: Patients from the PHAROS registry (a prospective observational cohort of SSc-PH patients) who had mean PAP ≥ 25 and PAWP > 15 on right heart catheterization were stratified based on diastolic pressure gradient (DPG)...
May 12, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499954/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-gait-mechanics-in-young-and-older-adults
#12
Katherine A Boyer, Russell T Johnson, Jacob J Banks, Carl Jewell, Jocelyn F Hafer
BACKGROUND: Age-related gait changes may play a critical role in functional limitations of older adults. Despite sizable interest in determining how age alters walking mechanics, small sample sizes and varied outcome measures have precluded a comprehensive understanding of the impact of age on lower extremity joint kinematics and kinetics. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the aging gait mechanics literature...
May 9, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499363/predictors-of-response-to-prefabricated-foot-orthoses-or-rocker-sole-footwear-in-individuals-with-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-osteoarthritis
#13
Hylton B Menz, Maria Auhl, Jade M Tan, Pazit Levinger, Edward Roddy, Shannon E Munteanu
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (1st MTPJ OA) is a common and disabling condition commonly managed with footwear and orthotic interventions. The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with a successful treatment response in people with 1st MTPJ OA provided with prefabricated orthoses or rocker-sole footwear as part of a randomised clinical trial. METHODS: People with 1st MTPJ OA (n = 88) who participated in a randomised trial were allocated to receive prefabricated foot orthoses (n = 47) or rocker-sole footwear (n = 41) and completed a baseline questionnaire including information on demographics, anthropometrics, general health, pain characteristics (including the Foot Health Status Questionnaire [FHSQ] and Foot Function Index [FFI]) and perceptions of the interventions, and a clinical assessment of foot posture, range of motion, radiographic severity and in-shoe plantar pressures...
May 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498233/wearable-sensor-technology-efficacy-in-peripheral-vascular-disease-wstep-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Pasha Normahani, Richard Kwasnicki, Colin Bicknell, Louise Allen, Mike P Jenkins, Richard Gibbs, Nicholas Cheshire, Ara Darzi, Celia Riga
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of using wearable activity monitors (WAMs) in patients with intermittent claudication (IC) within a single-center randomized controlled trial. BACKGROUND: WAMs allow users to set daily activity targets and monitor their progress. They may offer an alternative treatment to supervised exercise programs (SEPs) for patients with IC. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with IC were recruited and randomized into intervention or control group...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497928/effects-of-dual-and-complex-task-on-walking-ability-of-ambulatory-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Kitiyawadee Srisim, Thiwabhorn Thaweewannakij, Preeda Arrayawichanon, Pipatana Amatachaya, Lugkana Mato, Sugalya Amatachaya
BACKGROUND: Attempting to perform dual- and complex-tasks obviously reduces the walking ability of individuals with impaired cognitive functions. However, there is no clear evidence describing the effects of dual- and complex-tasks on the walking ability of ambulatory individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI) who have intact cognitive functions, but suffer from various degrees of sensorimotor deterioration. AIM: To primarily investigate the effects of dual- and complex-task on the walking ability of ambulatory subjects with SCI as compared to healthy individuals...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497215/evidence-based-prevention-and-treatment-of-osteoporosis-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Saeed Soleyman-Jahi, Ali Yousefian, Radin Maheronnaghsh, Farhad Shokraneh, Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Akbar Soltani, Seyed Mostafa Hosseini, Alexander R Vaccaro, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
PURPOSE: Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in accelerated bone mineral density (BMD) loss and disorganization of trabecular bone architecture. The mechanisms underlying post-SCI osteoporosis are complex and different from other types of osteoporosis. Findings of studies investigating efficacy of pharmacological or rehabilitative interventions in SCI-related osteoporosis are controversial. The aim of this study was to review the literature pertaining to prevention and evidence-based treatments of SCI-related osteoporosis...
May 11, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497060/efficacy-and-safety-of-l-carnitine-treatment-for-chronic-heart-failure-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Xiaolong Song, Huiyan Qu, Zongguo Yang, Jingfeng Rong, Wan Cai, Hua Zhou
Background. Whether additional benefit can be achieved with the use of L-carnitine (L-C) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) remains controversial. We therefore performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the effects of L-C treatment in CHF patients. Methods. Pubmed, Ovid Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, Wanfang database, Chinese Biomedical (CBM) database, and Chinese Science and Technology Periodicals database (VIP) until September 30, 2016, were identified...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496549/phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors-improve-clinical-outcomes-exercise-capacity-and-pulmonary-hemodynamics-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-reduced-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-a-meta-analysis
#18
Renato De Vecchis, Arturo Cesaro, Carmelina Ariano, Anna Giasi, Carmela Cioppa
BACKGROUND: Several studies have compared the use of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitors sildenafil or udenafil with the placebo in patients suffering from pulmonary hypertension (PH) due to left chronic heart failure (CHF), corresponding to group 2 (PH due to left heart disease) of the PH classification (according to 2015 ESC/ERS guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of PH). The results of the use of PDE5 inhibitors in the PH due to left heart disease were inconsistent and heterogeneous...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490871/home-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-with-built-in-software-in-stable-hypercapnic-copd-a-short-term-prospective-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Luqian Zhou, Xiaoying Li, Lili Guan, Jianhua Chen, Bingpeng Guo, Weiliang Wu, Yating Huo, Ziqing Zhou, Zhenyu Liang, Yuqi Zhou, Jie Tan, Xin Chen, Yuanlin Song, Rongchang Chen
BACKGROUND: The benefits of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in patients with hypercapnic COPD are controversial. It is presumed that methodology and appropriate use of NIV ventilator might be crucial for the outcomes. With the new built-in software, the performance of NIV can be monitored at home, which can guarantee the compliance and appropriate use. This study investigated effects of home use of NIV in hypercapnia in COPD patients using the NIV ventilator with built-in software for monitoring...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488834/the-efficacy-of-wearable-activity-tracking-technology-as-part-of-a-weight-loss-program-a-systematic-review
#20
Scott W Cheatham, Kyle R Stull, Mike Fantigrassi, Ian Motel
INTRODUCTION: The world obesity rate has increased over the past two decades. This problem has been linked to inactivity and lack of exercise among individuals which prompted the development of wearable activity tracking technology. This technology is commonly offered as a bracelet, watch, or pendent that provides feedback of daily activity such as total step count, heart rate, and energy expenditure. Despite the popularity of these devices, their efficacy to assist in behavior change and weight loss is still being studied...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
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