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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221668/effect-of-physical-activity-versus-health-education-on-physical-function-grip-strength-and-mobility
#1
Adam J Santanasto, Nancy W Glynn, Laura C Lovato, Steven N Blair, Roger A Fielding, Thomas M Gill, Jack M Guralnik, Fang-Chi Hsu, Abby C King, Elsa S Strotmeyer, Todd M Manini, Anthony P Marsh, Mary M McDermott, Bret H Goodpaster, Marco Pahor, Anne B Newman
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) reduces the rate of mobility disability, compared with health education (HE), in at risk older adults. It is important to understand aspects of performance contributing to this benefit. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intervention effects on tertiary physical performance outcomes. DESIGN: The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) was a multi-centered, single-blind randomized trial of older adults...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220146/horseback-riding-improves-the-ability-to-cause-the-appropriate-action-go-reaction-and-the-appropriate-self-control-no-go-reaction-in-children
#2
Nobuyo Ohtani, Kenji Kitagawa, Kinuyo Mikami, Kasumi Kitawaki, Junko Akiyama, Maho Fuchikami, Hidehiko Uchiyama, Mitsuaki Ohta
BACKGROUND: There are many obvious health benefits to riding, including developing a strong core and legs, but there are also many less obvious benefits, such as increased confidence and introspection. Few studies have addressed the effects of horseback riding on children and the mechanisms underlying how riding affects humans. We examined the effects of horseback riding on the ability to distinguish Go/No-go tasks and solve arithmetic problems in children. METHODS: The subjects were 34 boys and 72 girls, aged 10-12 years old, which were divided into three groups (horse riding, walking, and resting)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215060/efficacy-of-aquatic-therapy-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#3
Iluminada Corvillo, Enrique Varela, Francisco Armijo, Antonio Alvarez-Badillo, Onica Armijo, Francisco Maraver
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, inflammatory, progressive, disabling autoimmune disease affecting the central nervous system. Symptoms and signs of MS vary widely and patients may lose their ability to walk. To date the benefits of aquatic therapy often used for rehabilitation in MS patients have not been reviewed. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the current state of aquatic treatment for persons with MS (hydrotherapy, aquatic therapy, aquatic exercises, spa therapy) and to evaluate the scientific evidence supporting the benefits of this therapeutic option...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213592/the-evidence-of-benefits-of-exercise-training-in-interstitial-lung-disease-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Leona M Dowman, Christine F McDonald, Catherine J Hill, Annemarie L Lee, Kathryn Barker, Claire Boote, Ian Glaspole, Nicole S L Goh, Anne M Southcott, Angela T Burge, Rebecca Gillies, Alicia Martin, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty exists regarding the clinical relevance of exercise training across the range of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). OBJECTIVE: To establish the impact of exercise training in patients with ILDs of differing aetiology and severity. METHODS: 142 participants with ILD (61 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), 22 asbestosis, 23 connective tissue disease-related ILD (CTD-ILD) and 36 with other aetiologies) were randomised to either 8 weeks of supervised exercise training or usual care...
February 17, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211184/night-time-pedestrian-conspicuity-effects-of-clothing-on-drivers-eye-movements
#5
Joanne M Wood, Richard A Tyrrell, Philippe Lacherez, Alex A Black
PURPOSE: Drivers' responses and eye movements were assessed as they approached pedestrians at night in order to explore the relative conspicuity benefits of different configurations of retroreflective markings. METHODS: Eye movements were recorded using an ASL Mobile Eye (Applied Science Technologies, www.asleyetracking.com) from 14 young licensed drivers (M = 24.1 ± 6.4 years) as they drove along a closed-road circuit at night. At two locations, pedestrians walked in place facing either towards or away from the road...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210862/physical-activity-related-differences-in-body-mass-index-and-patient-reported-quality-of-life-in-socioculturally-diverse-endometrial-cancer-survivors
#6
Amerigo Rossi, Carol Ewing Garber, Gurpreet Kaur, Xiaonan Xue, Gary L Goldberg, Nicole S Nevadunsky
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe physical activity-related differences in body composition, quality of life, and behavioral variables among a socioculturally diverse sample of endometrial cancer survivors. METHODS: Ambulatory, English-speaking endometrial cancer survivors (6 months to 5 years post-treatment), who were residents of Bronx, NY, were recruited to complete questionnaires about physical activity (PA), quality of life (QoL), and psychosocial characteristics...
February 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209704/collaborative-team-based-health-promotion-in-a-primary-care-setting-the-move-program
#7
Douglas Klein, Matt Kallio, Serena Humphries, Madiha Mueen
OBJECTIVE: To assess a primary care-based, physician-led physical activity program for primary care patients. DESIGN: Initial assessment of a physical activity program for feasibility, patient satisfaction, and effectiveness. SETTING: A primary care network in Edmonton, Alta. PARTICIPANTS: Patients from the primary care network. INTERVENTION: The MOVE program is a primary care-based, physician-led physical activity program for primary care patients, collaboratively offered by an FP and a kinesiologist...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208954/effect-of-surgical-curve-correction-on-exercise-tolerance-and-physical-capacities-in-patients-of-severe-spinal-deformity
#8
Prateek C Patil, Ashok K Rathod, Mandar Borde, Vishwajeet Singh, Hemant U Singh
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, surgical intervention for patients with a spinal deformity has been considered for cosmetic benefits, but surgical intervention can alter the lung physiology or volumes and in turn leads to increase in physical capacity and exercise tolerance. Therefore, we conducted this to determine whether a surgical correction would restore the lung physiology, physical capacity and exercise tolerance in patients with kyphoscoliosis. AIM: To evaluate the usage of six-minute walk test scores and modified Borg scores as tools/measures for exercise tolerance in patients with spinal deformity and to study the effects of surgical correction of spinal deformity on exercise tolerance with above parameters as the measures...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208320/dynamic-model-for-kinesin-mediated-long-range-transport-and-its-local-traffic-jam-caused-by-tau-proteins
#9
Woochul Nam, Bogdan I Epureanu
In neurons, several intracellular cargoes are transported by motor proteins (kinesins) which walk on microtubules (MTs). However, kinesins can possibly unbind from the MTs before they reach their destinations. The unbound kinesins randomly diffuse in neurons until they bind to MTs. Then, they walk again along the MTs to continue their tasks. Kinesins repeat this cycle of motion until they transport their cargoes to the destinations. However, most previous models mainly focused on the motion of kinesins when they walk on MTs...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203085/the-effect-of-psychometric-variables-in-predicting-physical-activity-behavior-among-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-patients
#10
Abraham Tamirat Gizaw, Fira Abamecha Ababulgu, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik, Getachew Kiros Abraha
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus type-2 (DMT-2), the most common endocrine disease in the world, is a major global public health-related issue. Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common non-communicable diseases globally, and there is substantial evidence that it is epidemic in many low- and middle-income countries. It is widely recognized that physical activity is important in preventing and treating DMT-2. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of physical activity among DMT-2 patients attending Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH), Southwest Ethiopia...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202500/canwalk-a-feasibility-study-with-embedded-randomised-controlled-trial-pilot-of-a-walking-intervention-for-people-with-recurrent-or-metastatic-cancer
#11
Vicki Tsianakas, Jenny Harris, Emma Ream, Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Arnie Purushotham, Lorelei Mucci, James S A Green, Jacquetta Fewster, Jo Armes
OBJECTIVES: Walking is an adaptable, inexpensive and accessible form of physical activity. However, its impact on quality of life (QoL) and symptom severity in people with advanced cancer is unknown. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a community-based walking intervention to enhance QoL in people with recurrent/metastatic cancer. DESIGN: We used a mixed-methods design comprising a 2-centre RCT and nested qualitative interviews...
February 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202374/walking-on-four-limbs-a-systematic-review-of-nordic-walking-in-parkinson-disease
#12
REVIEW
Federica Bombieri, Federico Schena, Barbara Pellegrini, Paolo Barone, Michele Tinazzi, Roberto Erro
Nordic Walking is a relatively high intensity activity that is becoming increasingly popular. It involves marching using poles adapted from cross-country skiing poles in order to activate upper body muscles that would not be used during normal walking. Several studies have been performed using this technique in Parkinson disease patients with contradictory results. Thus, we reviewed here all studies using this technique in Parkinson disease patients and further performed a meta-analysis of RCTs where Nordic Walking was evaluated against standard medical care or other types of physical exercise...
February 6, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199376/acceptability-of-the-6-pack-falls-prevention-program-a-pre-implementation-study-in-hospitals-participating-in-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Anna L Barker, Renata T Morello, Darshini R Ayton, Keith D Hill, Caroline A Brand, Patricia M Livingston, Mari Botti
There is limited evidence to support the effectiveness of falls prevention interventions in the acute hospital setting. The 6-PACK falls prevention program includes a fall-risk tool; 'falls alert' signs; supervision of patients in the bathroom; ensuring patients' walking aids are within reach; toileting regimes; low-low beds; and bed/chair alarms. This study explored the acceptability of the 6-PACK program from the perspective of nurses and senior staff prior to its implementation in a randomised controlled trial...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194611/using-three-dimensional-echocardiography-to-guide-left-ventricle-lead-position-in-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-does-it-make-any-difference
#14
Haitham A Badran, John Z Kamel, Tarek R Mohamed, Mohamed A Abdelhamid
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment for patients with advanced heart failure. Nearly 30% of candidates are inadequate responders. Proper patient selection, left ventricle (LV) lead placement optimization, and optimization of the programming of the CRT device are important approaches to improve outcome of CRT. We examined the role of three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography in determining the optimal LV lead position as a method of optimizing CRT response...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191306/chiropractic-management-of-post-spinal-cord-stimulator-spine-pain-a-case-report
#15
Rachel M Perrucci, Christopher M Coulis
BACKGROUND: A brief overview of failed back surgery syndrome, with emphasis on low back pain status post spinal cord stimulation, and post-surgical spinal manipulation is presented. CASE PRESENTATION: Four cases of patients within the VA Connecticut Health Care System presenting between July 2014 and July 2015 reporting low back pain after surgical insertion of spinal cord stimulators are discussed. This study describes the outcomes experienced by four patients with low back pain status post implanted spinal cord stimulators receiving manual therapy in the form of lumbar spine manipulation or mobilization...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190675/effectiveness-of-exergaming-in-improving-functional-balance-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
REVIEW
Camila Gemin Ribas, Letícia Alves da Silva, Marina Ribas Corrêa, Hélio Ghizone Teive, Silvia Valderramas
: Although motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) are well established, few studies have described the effects of exergaming on the clinical and functional outcomes of PD. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effectiveness of exergaming in improving functional balance, fatigue, functional exercise capacity and quality of life in PD. METHODS: The study population consisted of 20 patients (12 males and 8 females) aged 61 ± 9.11 years allocated into two groups: an exergaming group (EGG) (n = 10) and a conventional exercise, or control, group (CG) (n = 10)...
February 7, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183863/hemodynamic-responses-are-reduced-with-aerobic-compared-with-resistance-blood-flow-restriction-exercise
#17
Anthony K May, Christopher R Brandner, Stuart A Warmington
The hemodynamics of light-load exercise with an applied blood-flow restriction (BFR) have not been extensively compared between light-intensity, BFR, and high-intensity forms of both resistance and aerobic exercise in the same participant population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to use a randomized crossover design to examine the hemodynamic responses to resistance and aerobic BFR exercise in comparison with a common high-intensity and light-intensity non-BFR exercise. On separate occasions participants completed a leg-press (resistance) or treadmill (aerobic) trial...
February 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183145/minimally-invasive-microscopic-posterior-cervical-decompression-simple-safe-and-effective
#18
Pierluigi Vergara
Background and Study Aims Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in the elderly population. Surgery is usually successful in preventing any deterioration, as well as improving functional status and quality of life. This study assesses the safety and efficacy of minimally invasive microscopic posterior cervical decompression for the treatment of CSM. Materials and Methods A retrospective review of patients with myelopathy from cervical stenosis treated with minimally invasive posterior cervical decompression was performed...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182970/reconstruction-of-human-swing-leg-motion-with-passive-biarticular-muscle-models
#19
Maziar Ahmad Sharbafi, Aida Mohammadi Nejad Rashty, Christian Rode, Andre Seyfarth
Template models, which are utilized to demonstrate general aspects in human locomotion, mostly investigate stance leg operation. The goal of this paper is presenting a new conceptual walking model benefiting from swing leg dynamics. Considering a double pendulum equipped with combinations of biarticular springs for the swing leg beside spring-mass (SLIP) model for the stance leg, a novel SLIP-based model, is proposed to explain human-like leg behavior in walking. The action of biarticular muscles in swing leg motion helps represent human walking features, like leg retraction, ground reaction force and generating symmetric walking patterns, in simulations...
February 6, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181920/can-early-rehabilitation-on-the-general-ward-after-an-intensive-care-unit-stay-reduce-hospital-length-of-stay-in-survivors-of-critical-illness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Wolfgang Gruther, Karin Pieber, Irene Steiner, Cornelia Hein, Jörg Michael Hiesmayr, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate if an early rehabilitation program for survivors of critical illness improves functional recovery, reduces length of stay, and reduces hospital costs. DESIGN: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial. Fifty-three consecutive survivors of critical illness were included in the study. After discharge from the intensive care unit, the intervention group received an early rehabilitation program, and the standard-care group received physical therapy as ordered by the primary care team...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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