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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053861/physical-function-following-a-long-term-lifestyle-intervention-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-the-look-ahead-study
#1
Denise K Houston, Rebecca H Neiberg, Michael E Miller, James O Hill, John M Jakicic, Karen C Johnson, Edward W Gregg, Van S Hubbard, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, W Jack Rejeski, Rena R Wing, John P Bantle, Elizabeth Beale, Robert I Berkowitz, Maria Cassidy-Begay, Jeanne M Clark, Mace Coday, Linda M Delahanty, Gareth Dutton, Caitlin Egan, John P Foreyt, Frank L Greenway, Helen P Hazuda, Andrea Hergenroeder, Edward S Horton, Robert W Jeffery, Steven E Kahn, Anne Kure, William C Knowler, Cora E Lewis, Corby K Martin, Sara Michaels, Maria G Montez, David M Nathan, Jennifer Patricio, Anne Peters, Henry Pownall, Judith Regensteiner, Helmut Steinburg, Thomas A Wadden, Karen White, Susan Z Yanovski, Ping Zhang, Stephen B Kritchevsky
Background: Lifestyle interventions have been shown to improve physical function over the short term; however, whether these benefits are sustainable is unknown. The long-term effects of an intensive lifestyle intervention on physical function were assessed using a randomized post-test design in the Look AHEAD trial. Methods: Overweight and obese (BMI ≥25 kg/m 2) middle-aged and older adults (aged 45-76 years at enrollment) with type 2 diabetes enrolled in Look AHEAD, a trial evaluating an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) designed to achieve weight loss through caloric restriction and increased physical activity compared to diabetes support and education (DSE), underwent standardized assessments of performance-based physical function including a 4- and 400-m walk, lower extremity physical performance (expanded Short Physical Performance Battery, SPPBexp), and grip strength approximately 11 years post-randomization and 1...
October 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049845/impact-of-the-initial-fitness-level-on-the-effects-of-a-structured-exercise-therapy-during-pediatric-stem-cell-transplantation
#2
Susanne Wallek, Anna Senn-Malashonak, Lutz Vogt, Katharina Schmidt, Peter Bader, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: Before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), most patients suffer from psychophysical limitations due to the treatment. Exercise interventions demonstrate beneficial effects on, for example, strength, endurance, or health-related quality of life during and after HSCT, but with a great variation among patients concerning the response to exercise. This study examines the influence of the initial fitness on the effects of an exercise therapy in pediatric HSCT...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045951/lifestyle-behaviors-and-clinical-outcomes-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#3
Baruch Vainshelboim, Jose Oliveira, Shimon Izhakian, Avraham Unterman, Mordechai Reuven Kramer
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle behaviors are not well-characterized in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between lifestyle behaviors and clinical outcomes in patients with IPF. METHODS: A total of 34 IPF patients (median age 68 years) were assessed for daily sitting and weekly walking times using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire by in-person interview at baseline, and they were followed up for up to 40 months...
October 19, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044847/obesity-related-health-impacts-of-active-transport-policies-in-australia-a-policy-review-and-health-impact-modelling-study
#4
Vicki Brown, Marj Moodie, Linda Cobiac, Herrera Mantilla, Robert Carter
OBJECTIVE: To review Australian policies on active transport, defined as walking and cycling for utilitarian purposes. To estimate the potential health impact of achieving four active transport policy scenarios. METHODS: A policy review was undertaken, using key words to search government websites. Potential health benefits were quantified using a cohort simulation Markov model to estimate obesity and transport injury-related health effects of an increase in active transport...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040219/effect-of-2-years-of-endurance-and-high-impact-training-on-preventing-osteoporosis-in-postmenopausal-women-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Carmen García-Gomáriz, José M Blasco, Cecili Macián-Romero, Elías Guillem-Hernández, Celedonia Igual-Camacho
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the effects of endurance and high-impact training oriented toward preventing osteoporosis in postmenopausal women with calcium and vitamin D supplementation. METHODS: This study was a randomized clinical trial. Thirty-six postmenopausal women were randomized to the control and experimental groups. Thirty-four women completed the 2-year interventions. The control group training involved walking at an intense pace. The experimental group conducted high-impact training specifically oriented to prevent osteoporosis...
October 16, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037399/comparison-of-heat-strain-recovery-in-different-anti-heat-stress-clothing-ensembles-after-work-to-exhaustion
#6
Yijie Zhao, Wen Yi, Albert P C Chan, Daniel W M Chan
A hot environment combined with physically demanding tasks can subject workers to a higher risk of heat stress. A series of regulations and guidelines have been proposed to design appropriate anti-heat stress work uniform to reduce body heat strain. The present study aimed to examine heat strain recovery in different anti-heat stress clothing ensembles after work to exhaustion in the heat. 10 healthy males performed intermittent treadmill running/walking to exhaustion, followed by 30min passive recovery sitting in a climatic chamber, which simulated the hot and humid outdoor environment (34°C temperature, 60% relative humidity, 0...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034172/health-and-greenhouse-gas-mitigation-benefits-of-ambitious-expansion-of-cycling-walking-and-transit-in-california
#7
Neil Maizlish, Nicholas J Linesch, James Woodcock
The purpose of this research was to quantify health co-benefits and carbon reductions of preferred scenarios of California regional transportation plans and alternatives with ambitious levels of active transport. The alternatives were designed to examine the efficacy of independent contributions of walking, bicycling, and transit at levels consistent with the U.S. Surgeon General recommendation for physical activity. Using data from travel and health surveys, vital statistics, collision databases, and outputs from regional and statewide travel models, the Integrated Transport and Health Impacts Model estimated the change in the population disease burden, as measured by deaths and disability adjusted life years (DALYs), due to a shift from a 2010 baseline travel pattern to an alternative...
September 2017: Journal of Transport & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034144/exercise-treatments-for-psychosis-a-review
#8
Vijay A Mittal, Teresa Vargas, K Juston Osborne, Derek Dean, Tina Gupta, Ivanka Ristanovic, Christine I Hooker, Stewart A Shankman
Schizophrenia is a devastating mental illness that has profound effects on a person's health and quality of life. Exercise represents a promising new treatment option that may supplement current psychosocial and pharmacological interventions for psychosis. A large body of work suggests that exercise can improve cardio-metabolic and health behavior and facilitate neurogenesis in areas of the brain that are notably impacted by psychosis. Recent efforts to incorporate exercise as either stand-alone or adjunctive treatment for individuals with schizophrenia range from yoga and light stretching to moderately intense walking, bike riding, or team sports...
June 2017: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023169/associations-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-with-vision-threatening-diabetic-retinopathy-in-indonesian-population-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-jogjakarta-eye-diabetic-study-in-the-community-joged-com
#9
D P Dharmastuti, A N Agni, F Widyaputri, S Pawiroranu, Z M Sofro, F S Wardhana, S Haryanto, T W Widayanti, S Kotha, P Gupta, M B Sasongko
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour with diabetic retinopathy (DR) in type 2 diabetes adults. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study of adults with type 2 diabetes. DR was assessed from disc- and macula-centred fundus photograph, and categorised into mild, moderate non-proliferative DR (NPDR), and Vision-Threatening DR (VTDR). Worse eye was used to determine the person's DR severity. PA was assessed using WHO Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ)...
October 12, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021739/effect-of-error-augmentation-on-brain-activation-and-motor-learning-of-a-complex-locomotor-task
#10
Laura Marchal-Crespo, Lars Michels, Lukas Jaeger, Jorge López-Olóriz, Robert Riener
Up to date, the functional gains obtained after robot-aided gait rehabilitation training are limited. Error augmenting strategies have a great potential to enhance motor learning of simple motor tasks. However, little is known about the effect of these error modulating strategies on complex tasks, such as relearning to walk after a neurologic accident. Additionally, neuroimaging evaluation of brain regions involved in learning processes could provide valuable information on behavioral outcomes. We investigated the effect of robotic training strategies that augment errors-error amplification and random force disturbance-and training without perturbations on brain activation and motor learning of a complex locomotor task...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020093/a-shift-from-motorised-travel-to-active-transport-what-are-the-potential-health-gains-for-an-australian-city
#11
Belen Zapata-Diomedi, Luke D Knibbs, Robert S Ware, Kristiann C Heesch, Marko Tainio, James Woodcock, J Lennert Veerman
INTRODUCTION: An alarmingly high proportion of the Australian adult population does not meet national physical activity guidelines (57%). This is concerning because physical inactivity is a risk factor for several chronic diseases. In recent years, an increasing emphasis has been placed on the potential for transport and urban planning to contribute to increased physical activity via greater uptake of active transport (walking, cycling and public transport). In this study, we aimed to estimate the potential health gains and savings in health care costs of an Australian city achieving its stated travel targets for the use of active transport...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019274/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-on-balance-and-mobility-in-institutionalized-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Freddy Mh Lam, Philip Fl Chan, L R Liao, Jean Woo, Elsie Hui, Charles Wk Lai, Timothy Cy Kwok, Marco Yc Pang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a comprehensive exercise program was effective in improving physical function among institutionalized older adults and whether adding whole-body vibration to the program conferred additional therapeutic benefits. DESIGN: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted. SETTING: This study was carried out in residential care units. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 73 older adults (40 women, mean age: 82...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018363/moderate-load-muscular-endurance-strength-training-did-not-improve-peak-power-or-functional-capacity-in-older-men-and-women
#13
Simon Walker, Guy G Haff, Keijo Häkkinen, Robert U Newton
The present study determined the effects of muscular endurance strength training on maximum strength and power, functional capacity, muscle activation and hypertrophy in older men and women. Eighty-one men and women acted as an intervention group while 22 acted as non-training controls (age range 64-75 y). Intervention training included super-sets (i.e., paired exercises, immediately performing the second exercises following completion of the first) with short rest intervals (30-60 s between sets) at an intensity of 50-60% one-repetition maximum (1-RM) for 15-20 repetitions...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017478/effectiveness-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-interstitial-lung-disease-of-different-etiology-a-multicenter-prospective-study
#14
Roberto Tonelli, Elisabetta Cocconcelli, Barbara Lanini, Isabella Romagnoli, Fabio Florini, Ivana Castaniere, Dario Andrisani, Stefania Cerri, Fabrizio Luppi, Riccardo Fantini, Alessandro Marchioni, Bianca Beghè, Francesco Gigliotti, Enrico M Clini
BACKGROUND: Recent evidences show that Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR) is effective in patients with Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD). It is still unclear whether disease severity and/or etiology might impact on the reported benefits. We designed this prospective study 1) to confirm the efficacy of rehabilitation in a population of patients with ILDs and 2) to investigate whether baseline exercise capacity, disease severity or ILD etiology might affect outcomes. METHODS: Forty-one patients (IPF 63%, age 66...
October 10, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016401/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#15
Alessandro Bistolfi, Jessica Zanovello, Riccardo Ferracini, Fabrizio Allisiardi, Elisa Lioce, Ernesta Magistroni, Paola Berchialla, Ilaria Da Rold, Giuseppe Massazza
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the efficacy of the use of the neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). DESIGN: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and PEDro) using PICOS approach to formulate the research question, Controlled terms and Boolean operators. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were defined in advance. "Neuromuscular electrical stimulation" and "total knee arthroplasty" were used as keywords...
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993936/the-influence-of-body-composition-on-pulmonary-rehabilitation-outcomes-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#16
Pichapong Tunsupon, M Jeffery Mador
INTRODUCTION: Alterations in body composition are commonly present in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The hypothesis of this study is that COPD patients would achieve clinical benefits after pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) independent of muscle mass depletion or body weight. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using single-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) for assessment of fat-free mass (FFM) depletion (muscle depletion)...
October 9, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985325/home-based-telerehabilitation-in-older-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-heart-failure-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Palmira Bernocchi, Michele Vitacca, Maria Teresa La Rovere, Maurizio Volterrani, Tiziana Galli, Doriana Baratti, Mara Paneroni, Giuseppe Campolongo, Barbara Sposato, Simonetta Scalvini
Background: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF) frequently coexist in older people, reducing patients' quality of life (QoL) and increasing morbidity and mortality. Objective: we studied the feasibility and efficacy of an integrated telerehabilitation home-based programme (Telereab-HBP), 4 months long, in patients with combined COPD and CHF. The primary outcome was exercise tolerance evaluated at the 6-min walk test (6MWT)...
August 30, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974486/combined-dietary-nitrate-and-exercise-intervention-in-peripheral-artery-disease-protocol-rationale-and-design
#18
Mary N Woessner, Mitch D VanBruggen, Carl F Pieper, Erin K O'Reilly, William E Kraus, Jason D Allen
BACKGROUND: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is caused by atherosclerotic occlusions in the legs. It affects approximately 8-12 million people in the United States alone, one-third of whom suffer from intermittent claudication (IC), defined as ischemic leg pain that occurs with walking and improves with rest. Patients with IC suffer a markedly impaired quality of life and a high perception of disability. Improving pain-free walking time is a primary goal of rehabilitation in this population...
October 3, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969859/effects-of-acute-use-of-pursed-lips-breathing-during-exercise-in-patients-with-copd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Anamaria Fleig Mayer, Manuela Karloh, Karoliny Dos Santos, Cintia Laura Pereira de Araujo, Aline Almeida Gulart
BACKGROUND: Pursed-lips breathing (PLB) is a ventilatory strategy frequently adopted spontaneously by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to relieve dyspnoea, and its practice is widely taught as a respiratory strategy to increase exercise tolerance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of acute use of PLB in exercise performance, dyspnoea, ventilatory parameters and oxygen saturation during exercise in patients with COPD. DATA SOURCES: PEDro, EMBASE, MEDLINE via OVID, and EBSCO up to May 2016...
August 31, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967376/a-very-early-rehabilitation-trial-after-stroke-avert-a-phase-iii-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Peter Langhorne, Olivia Wu, Helen Rodgers, Ann Ashburn, Julie Bernhardt
BACKGROUND: Mobilising patients early after stroke [early mobilisation (EM)] is thought to contribute to the beneficial effects of stroke unit care but it is poorly defined and lacks direct evidence of benefit. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effectiveness of frequent higher dose very early mobilisation (VEM) after stroke. DESIGN: We conducted a parallel-group, single-blind, prospective randomised controlled trial with blinded end-point assessment using a web-based computer-generated stratified randomisation...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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