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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656614/6-minute-walk-test-predicts-prolonged-hospitalization-in-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-mitral-valve-repair-by-mitraclip
#1
Mike Saji, Marc R Katz, Gorav Ailawadi, Timothy S Welch, Dale E Fowler, Jamie L W Kennedy, James D Bergin, Ivandito Kuntjoro, John M Dent, Michael Ragosta, D Scott Lim
BACKGROUND: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is a simple functional test that can predict exercise capacity and is widely employed to assess treatment outcomes. Although mortality with transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) using the MitraClip (Abbott Vascular, Menlo Park, CA) is significantly less than for open mitral valve surgery in high-risk patients, identifying which patient will benefit the most from TMVr remains a concern. There are limited prognostic metrics guiding patient selection and, no studies have reported relationship between prolonged hospitalization and 6MWT...
April 15, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653340/magnitude-and-variability-of-gait-characteristics-when-walking-on-an-irregular-surface-at-different-speeds
#2
Stephanie Blair, Mark J Lake, Rui Ding, Thorsten Sterzing
Different modes of perturbations have been used to understand how individuals negotiate irregular surfaces, with a general notion that increased locomotion variability induces a positive training stimulus. Individuals tend to walk slower when initially exposed to such locomotion tasks, potentially influencing the magnitude and variability of biomechanical parameters. This study investigated theeffects of gait speed on lower extremity biomechanics when walking on an irregular (IS) and regular surface (RS). Twenty physically active males walked on a RS and IS at three different speeds (4 km/h, 5 km/h, 6 km/h)...
April 10, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652760/influence-of-disease-severity-and-exercise-limitation-on-exercise-training-intensity-and-load-and-health-benefits-from-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd-an-exploratory-study
#3
Virginia C Huynh, Desi P Fuhr, Bradley W Byers, Anne-Marie Selzler, Linn E Moore, Michael K Stickland
PURPOSE: Some patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) fail to achieve health benefits with pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Exercise intensity and load represent stimulus for adaptation but it is unclear whether inappropriate exercise intensity and/or load are affected by severity of COPD, which may affect health benefits. The purpose was to determine whether COPD severity and/or the severity of pulmonary limitation to exercise (PLE) impacted exercising intensity or load and whether resultant intensity/load affected health outcomes derived from PR...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650414/joint-laxity-in-preschool-children-born-preterm
#4
Domenico M Romeo, Chiara Velli, Simona Lucibello, Gloria Ferrantini, Giuseppina Leo, Claudia Brogna, Francesco Cota, Daniela Ricci, Francesca Gallini, Costantino Romagnoli, Giovanni Vento, Eugenio Mercuri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of joint laxity in children born preterm assessed in the first 2 years, the relationship between joint laxity and motor performance at preschool age, and possible changes over time in a subgroup of children followed longitudinally. STUDY DESIGN: The revised scale of Beighton Score was used to evaluate joint laxity in a population of 132 preschool children born preterm between 24 and 32 weeks of gestational age. All were assessed for joint laxity between 12 and 24 months of age...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650034/complex-fracture-orthopedic-rehabilitation-comfort-real-time-visual-biofeedback-on-weight-bearing-versus-standard-training-methods-in-the-treatment-of-proximal-femur-fractures-in-the-elderly-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Marco Raaben, Syaiful Redzwan, Robin Augustine, Taco Johan Blokhuis
BACKGROUND: Proximal femur fractures are a common injury after low energy trauma in the elderly. Most rehabilitation programs are based on restoring mobility and early resumption of weight-bearing. However, therapy compliance is low in patients following lower extremity fractures. Moreover, little is known about the relevance of gait parameters and how to steer the rehabilitation after proximal femur fractures in the elderly. Therefore, the aim of this prospective, randomized controlled trial is to gain insight in gait parameters and evaluate if real-time visual biofeedback can improve therapy compliance after proximal femur fractures in the elderly...
April 12, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649992/protocol-for-promoting-recovery-optimization-of-walking-activity-in-stroke-prowalks-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Henry Wright, Tamara Wright, Ryan T Pohlig, Scott E Kasner, Jonathan Raser-Schramm, Darcy Reisman
BACKGROUND: Stroke survivors are more physically inactive than even the most sedentary older adults, and low activity is associated with increased risk of recurrent stroke, medical complications, and mortality. We hypothesize that the combination of a fast walking intervention that improves walking capacity, with a step activity monitoring program that facilitates translation of gains from the clinic to the "real-world", would generate greater improvements in real world walking activity than with either intervention alone...
April 12, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648647/a-prospective-study-of-physical-activity-and-fecundability-in-women-with-a-history-of-pregnancy-loss
#7
Lindsey M Russo, Brian W Whitcomb, Sunni L Mumford, Marquis Hawkins, Rose G Radin, Karen C Schliep, Robert M Silver, Neil J Perkins, Keewan Kim, Ukpebo R Omosigho, Daniel L Kuhr, Tiffany L Holland, Lindsey A Sjaarda, Enrique F Schisterman
STUDY QUESTION: Is physical activity (PA) associated with fecundability in women with a history of prior pregnancy loss? SUMMARY ANSWER: Higher fecundability was related to walking among overweight/obese women and to vigorous PA in women overall. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PA may influence fecundability through altered endocrine function. Studies evaluating this association have primarily utilized Internet-based recruitment and self-report for pregnancy assessment and have yielded conflicting results...
April 10, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644889/comparing-exercise-responses-to-aerobic-plus-resistance-training-between-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-survivors-undergoing-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy-and-healthy-women
#8
Thais R S de Paulo, Kerri M Winters-Stone, Juliana Viezel, Fabricio E Rossi, Bruna L Aro, Ana Carolina A C Trindade, Jamile S Codogno, Ismael F Freitas Junior
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore whether postmenopausal breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy differ from healthy postmenopausal women in their response to the same aerobic + resistance training. METHODS: The participants were separated into two groups: postmenopausal breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy for an average of 20 months (18 women) and healthy postmenopausal women (24 women). We assessed aerobic capacity (predicted maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and maximum running velocity test (Vmax)) through a walking test, upper and lower body muscle strength using an estimated one-repetition maximum test, and body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline and at three, six, and nine months, respectively...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627967/supervised-exercise-therapy-versus-home-based-exercise-therapy-versus-walking-advice-for-intermittent-claudication
#9
REVIEW
David Hageman, Hugo Jp Fokkenrood, Lindy Nm Gommans, Marijn Ml van den Houten, Joep Aw Teijink
BACKGROUND: Although supervised exercise therapy (SET) provides significant symptomatic benefit for patients with intermittent claudication (IC), it remains an underutilized tool. Widespread implementation of SET is restricted by lack of facilities and funding. Structured home-based exercise therapy (HBET) with an observation component (e.g., exercise logbooks, pedometers) and just walking advice (WA) are alternatives to SET. This is the second update of a review first published in 2006...
April 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627784/combined-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-and-incident-disability-in-an-elderly-population-the-ohsaki-cohort-2006-study
#10
Shu Zhang, Yasutake Tomata, Roger B Newson, Yumi Sugawara, Ichiro Tsuji
BACKGROUND: The joint impact of healthy lifestyle behaviours (HLBs) on incident disability among elderly populations is still uncertain. This cohort study was conducted to estimate the population-attributable fraction (PAF) of combined HLBs for disability reduction in elderly Japanese. METHODS: We analysed 10-year follow-up data for 9910 community-dwelling elderly people (≥65 years) in a prospective cohort study. Information on lifestyle behaviours and food consumption was collected via a questionnaire in 2006...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626793/infants-prosocial-behavior-is-governed-by-cost-benefit-analyses
#11
Jessica A Sommerville, Elizabeth A Enright, Rachel O Horton, Kelsey Lucca, Miranda J Sitch, Susanne Kirchner-Adelhart
Cost-benefit analyses are central to mature decision-making and behavior across a range of contexts. Given debates regarding the nature of infants' prosociality, we investigated whether 18-month-old infants' (N = 160) prosocial behavior is impacted by anticipated costs and benefits. Infants participated in a helping task in which they could carry either a heavy or light block across a room to help an experimenter. Infants' helping behavior was attenuated when the anticipated physical costs were high versus low (Experiment 1), and high-cost helping was enhanced under conditions of increased intrinsic motivational benefits (Experiments 2 and 3)...
April 4, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624803/towards-co-designing-active-ageing-strategies-a-qualitative-study-to-develop-a-meaningful-physical-activity-typology-for-later-life
#12
Cornelia Guell, Jenna Panter, Simon Griffin, David Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Physical activity levels decline in later life despite the known benefits for physical, cognitive and mental health. Older people find it difficult to meet activity targets; therefore, more realistic and meaningful strategies are needed. We aimed to develop a typology of older people's motivations and lifelong habits of being active as a starting point to co-designing active ageing strategies in a workshop. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 27 participants aged 65-80 in Norfolk, UK, and participant observation with 17 of them...
April 6, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624641/feasibility-safety-and-efficacy-of-aerobic-training-in-pretreated-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Jessica M Scott, Neil M Iyengar, Tormod S Nilsen, Meghan Michalski, Samantha M Thomas, James Herndon, John Sasso, Anthony Yu, Sarat Chandarlapaty, Chau T Dang, Elizabeth A Comen, Maura N Dickler, Jeffrey M Peppercorn, Lee W Jones
BACKGROUND: The investigation of exercise training in metastatic breast cancer has received minimal attention. This study determined the feasibility and safety of aerobic training in metastatic breast cancer. METHODS: Sixty-five women (age, 21-80 years) with metastatic (stage IV) breast cancer (57% were receiving chemotherapy, and >40% had ≥ 2 lines of prior therapy) were allocated to an aerobic training group (n = 33) or a stretching group (n = 32)...
April 6, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623809/participation-in-active-play-of-children-who-use-lower-extremity-prostheses-an-exploratory-questionnaire
#14
Cheryl Kerfeld, Tracy Jirikowic, Katheryn J Allyn, Murray E Maitland
BACKGROUND: Through play, children develop motor, cognitive, social, and other life skills. Play barriers can impede physical and psychosocial benefits. OBJECTIVES: We describe participation in active play, fundamental movement skills, play environment characteristics, and potential play barriers for school-aged children (6-12 years) who use lower extremity prostheses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and administered online to parents of children 6-12 years who use lower extremity prostheses...
April 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621317/muscular-and-metabolic-responses-to-different-nordic-walking-techniques-when-style-matters
#15
Barbara Pellegrini, Gennaro Boccia, Chiara Zoppirolli, Raffaela Rosa, Federico Stella, Lorenzo Bortolan, Alberto Rainoldi, Federico Schena
Due to poling action and upper body engagement, Nordic walking (NW) has additional health benefits with respect to conventional walking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences in muscle activation and metabolic responses between NW, performed with the technique suggested by NW instructors, and with some modifications in the way to move upper limb and poles. Ten NW instructors volunteered to walk on a treadmill at 5.5 km•h-1 in five conditions: walking (W), Nordic walking (NW), NW with a weak poling action (NWweak), with straight-upper limbs moving the shoulders (NWshoulder) and with elbow flexion-extension pattern and shoulder freezed (NWelbow)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616236/effects-of-water-quality-sanitation-handwashing-and-nutritional-interventions-on-child-development-in-rural-kenya-wash-benefits-kenya-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Christine P Stewart, Patricia Kariger, Lia Fernald, Amy J Pickering, Charles D Arnold, Benjamin F Arnold, Alan E Hubbard, Holly N Dentz, Audrie Lin, Theodora J Meerkerk, Erin Milner, Jenna Swarthout, John M Colford, Clair Null
Background: Poor nutrition and infectious diseases can prevent children from reaching their developmental potential. We aimed to assess the effects of improvements in water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutrition on early child development in rural Kenya. Methods: In this cluster-randomised controlled trial, we enrolled pregnant women in their second or third trimester from three counties (Kakamega, Bungoma, and Vihiga) in Kenya's western region, with an average of 12 households per cluster...
April 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616235/effect-of-water-quality-sanitation-hand-washing-and-nutritional-interventions-on-child-development-in-rural-bangladesh-wash-benefits-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Fahmida Tofail, Lia Ch Fernald, Kishor K Das, Mahbubur Rahman, Tahmeed Ahmed, Kaniz K Jannat, Leanne Unicomb, Benjamin F Arnold, Sania Ashraf, Peter J Winch, Patricia Kariger, Christine P Stewart, John M Colford, Stephen P Luby
Background: Poor nutrition and hygiene make children vulnerable to delays in growth and development. We aimed to assess the effects of water quality, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions individually or in combination on the cognitive, motor, and language development of children in rural Bangladesh. Methods: In this cluster-randomised controlled trial, we enrolled pregnant women in their first or second trimester from rural villages of Gazipur, Kishoreganj, Mymensingh, and Tangail districts of central Bangladesh, with an average of eight women per cluster...
April 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614468/energy-expenditure-in-people-with-transtibial-amputation-walking-with-crossover-and-energy-storing-prosthetic-feet-a-randomized-within-subject-study
#18
Cody L McDonald, Patricia A Kramer, Sara J Morgan, Elizabeth G Halsne, Sarah M Cheever, Brian J Hafner
BACKGROUND: Energy storing feet are unable to reduce the energy required for normal locomotion among people with transtibial amputation. Crossover feet, which incorporate aspects of energy storing and running specific feet, are designed to maximize energy return while providing stability for everyday activities. RESEARCH QUESTION: Do crossover prosthetic feet reduce the energy expenditure of walking across a range of speeds, when compared with energy storing feet among people with transtibial amputation due to non-dysvascular causes? METHODS: A randomized within-subject study was conducted with a volunteer sample of twenty-seven adults with unilateral transtibial amputation due to non-dysvascular causes...
March 27, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614467/trunk-motion-visual-feedback-during-walking-improves-dynamic-balance-in-older-adults-assessor-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Eric Anson, Lei Ma, Tippawan Meetam, Elizabeth Thompson, Roshita Rathore, Victoria Dean, John Jeka
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality and augmented feedback have become more prevalent as training methods to improve balance. Few reports exist on the benefits of providing trunk motion visual feedback (VFB) during treadmill walking, and most of those reports only describe within session changes. RESEARCH QUESTION: To determine whether trunk motion VFB treadmill walking would improve over-ground balance for older adults with self-reported balance problems. METHODS: 40 adults (75...
March 28, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610110/counting-steps-in-activities-of-daily-living-in-people-with-a-chronic-disease-using-nine-commercially-available-fitness-trackers-cross-sectional-validity-study
#20
Darcy Ummels, Emmylou Beekman, Kyra Theunissen, Susy Braun, Anna J Beurskens
BACKGROUND: Measuring physical activity with commercially available activity trackers is gaining popularity. People with a chronic disease can especially benefit from knowledge about their physical activity pattern in everyday life since sufficient physical activity can contribute to wellbeing and quality of life. However, no validity data are available for this population during activities of daily living. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of 9 commercially available activity trackers for measuring step count during activities of daily living in people with a chronic disease receiving physiotherapy...
April 2, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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