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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227723/interventions-to-address-sexual-problems-in-people-with-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-adaptation-of-cancer-care-ontario-guideline
#1
Jeanne Carter, Christina Lacchetti, Barbara L Andersen, Debra L Barton, Sage Bolte, Shari Damast, Michael A Diefenbach, Katherine DuHamel, Judith Florendo, Patricia A Ganz, Shari Goldfarb, Sigrun Hallmeyer, David M Kushner, Julia H Rowland
Purpose The adaptation of the Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) guideline Interventions to Address Sexual Problems in People With Cancer provides recommendations to manage sexual function adverse effects that occur as a result of cancer diagnosis and/or treatment. Methods ASCO staff reviewed the guideline for developmental rigor and updated the literature search. An ASCO Expert Panel ( Table A1 ) was assembled to review the guideline content and recommendations. Results The ASCO Expert Panel determined that the recommendations from the 2016 CCO guideline are clear, thorough, and based upon the most relevant scientific evidence...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225692/recent-advances-in-radiation-oncology
#2
REVIEW
Cristina Garibaldi, Barbara Alicja Jereczek-Fossa, Giulia Marvaso, Samantha Dicuonzo, Damaris Patricia Rojas, Federica Cattani, Anna Starzyńska, Delia Ciardo, Alessia Surgo, Maria Cristina Leonardi, Rosalinda Ricotti
Radiotherapy (RT) is very much a technology-driven treatment modality in the management of cancer. RT techniques have changed significantly over the past few decades, thanks to improvements in engineering and computing. We aim to highlight the recent developments in radiation oncology, focusing on the technological and biological advances. We will present state-of-the-art treatment techniques, employing photon beams, such as intensity-modulated RT, volumetric-modulated arc therapy, stereotactic body RT and adaptive RT, which make possible a highly tailored dose distribution with maximum normal tissue sparing...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222581/fractures-in-children-with-newly-diagnosed-hepatoblastoma
#3
Alexander J Towbin, Fernanda D C Braojos Braga, Bin Zhang, James I Geller, Greg M Tiao, Daniel J Podberesky
BACKGROUND: Hepatoblastoma is the most common primary hepatic malignancy in children. We have recently noticed an increased incidence of unsuspected fractures in children with newly diagnosed hepatoblastoma. This association has been suggested in the past, but the incidence and pathophysiology remain uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To define the incidence and imaging features of fractures in children with newly diagnosed hepatoblastoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the oncology database and the radiology picture archiving and communication system of our large tertiary care children's hospital between January 2000 and August 2013 for all patients who presented to our institution with newly diagnosed hepatoblastoma...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218610/feasibility-of-whole-body-diffusion-weighted-mri-for-detection-of-primary-tumour-nodal-and-distant-metastases-in-women-with-cancer-during-pregnancy-a-pilot-study
#4
Sileny N Han, Frédéric Amant, Katrijn Michielsen, Frederik De Keyzer, Steffen Fieuws, Kristel Van Calsteren, Raphaëla C Dresen, Mina Mhallem Gziri, Vincent Vandecaveye
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of whole-body diffusion-weighted MRI (WB-DWI/MRI) for detecting primary tumour, nodal and distant metastases in pregnant women with cancer. METHODS: Twenty pregnant patients underwent WB-DWI/MRI in additional to conventional imaging. Reproducibility of WB-DWI/MRI between two readers was evaluated using Cohen's κ statistics and accuracy was compared to conventional imaging for assessing primary tumour site, nodal and visceral metastases...
December 7, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218269/blood-based-biomarkers-for-precision-medicine-in-lung-cancer-precision-radiation-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Dirk De Ruysscher, Jianyue Jin, Tim Lautenschlaeger, Jin-Xiong She, Zhongxing Liao, Feng-Ming Spring Kong
Both tumors and patients are complex and models that determine survival and toxicity of radiotherapy or any other treatment ideally must take into account this variability as well as its dynamic state. The genetic features of the tumor and the host, and increasingly also the epi-genetic and proteomic characteristics, are being unraveled. Multiple techniques, including histological examination, blood sampling, measurement of circulating tumor cells (CTCs), and functional and molecular imaging, can be used for this purpose...
December 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218267/radiomics-in-precision-medicine-for-lung-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Julie Constanzo, Lise Wei, Huan-Hsin Tseng, Issam El Naqa
With the improvement of external radiotherapy delivery accuracy, such as intensity-modulated and stereotactic body radiation therapy, radiation oncology has recently entered in the era of precision medicine. Despite these precise irradiation modalities, lung cancers remain one of the most aggressive human cancers worldwide, possibly because of diverse genotypic alterations that drive and maintain lung tumorigenesis. It has been long recognized that imaging could aid in the diagnosis, tumor delineation, and monitoring of lung cancer...
December 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218265/the-role-of-imaging-and-radiation-oncology-core-for-precision-medicine-era-of-clinical-trial
#7
Ying Xiao, Mark Rosen
Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core (IROC) services have been established for the quality assurance (QA) of imaging and radiotherapy (RT) for NCI's Clinical Trial Network (NCTN) for any trials that contain imaging or RT. The randomized clinical trial is the gold standard for evidence-based medicine. QA ensures data quality, preventing noise from inferior treatments obscuring clinical trial outcome. QA is also found to be cost-effective. IROC has made great progress in multi-institution standardization and is expected to lead QA standardization, QA science in imaging and RT and to advance quality data analysis with big data in the future...
December 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217331/dosimetric-impact-of-translational-and-rotational-setup-errors-for-spine-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-a-phantom-study
#8
Makoto Sasaki, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Nobutaka Mukumoto, Manabu Nakata, Masahiro Hiraoka
This study aimed to investigate experimentally the effect of translational and rotational setup errors on 3-dimensional dose distributions by using the gamma index and dose volumetric indices for spine stereotactic body radiotherapy. Treatment plans were designed in accordance with the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0631 protocol. Measurements were taken using a Delta4 phantom (ScandiDos, Uppsala, Sweden). Setup errors were generated using the HexaMotion 6D moving platform (ScandiDos). Dose distributions in the presence of setup errors were evaluated, according to the γ passing rate with the 3% and 2 mm criteria (γ3%/2 mm) and dose volumetric indices (D90 for the target volume and D2 for the spinal cord), using the Delta4 device (ScandiDos)...
December 4, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212105/-german-society-of-gastroenterology-digestive-and-metabolic-diseases-dgvs-position-statement-on-endoscopic-decompression-in-acute-ileus
#9
Martin Götz, Georg Braun, Ralf Jakobs, Helmut Messmann, Eduard F Stange, Markus M Lerch
In patients with ileus with dilated intestine in imaging studies, endoscopic decompression appears a feasible option. However, its use is often uncritical and without scientific evidence. Before considering endoscopic intervention, CT-imaging should differentiate between mechanical obstruction and paralytic ileus/intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Tumor diagnosis and localisation are essential because the latter determines the choice of the decompression procedure. Coecal dilatation of more than 12 cm indicates an increased risk of perforation...
December 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208908/multiplex-three-dimensional-optical-mapping-of-tumor-immune-microenvironment
#10
Steve Seung-Young Lee, Vytautas P Bindokas, Stephen J Kron
Recent developments in optical tissue clearing and microscopic imaging have advanced three-dimensional (3D) visualization of intact tissues and organs at high resolution. However, to expand applications to oncology, critical limitations of current methods must be addressed. Here we describe transparent tissue tomography (T3) as a tool for rapid, three-dimensional, multiplexed immunofluorescent tumor imaging. Cutting tumors into sub-millimeter macrosections enables simple and rapid immunofluorescence staining, optical clearing, and confocal microscope imaging...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208438/an-integrated-multidisciplinary-algorithm-for-the-management-of-spinal-metastases-an-international-spine-oncology-consortium-report
#11
REVIEW
Daniel E Spratt, Whitney H Beeler, Fabio Y de Moraes, Laurence D Rhines, Joseph J Gemmete, Neeraj Chaudhary, David B Shultz, Sean R Smith, Alejandro Berlin, Max Dahele, Ben J Slotman, Kelly C Younge, Mark Bilsky, Paul Park, Nicholas J Szerlip
Spinal metastases are becoming increasingly common because patients with metastatic disease are living longer. The close proximity of the spinal cord to the vertebral column limits many conventional therapeutic options that can otherwise be used to treat cancer. In response to this problem, an innovative multidisciplinary approach has been developed for the management of spinal metastases, leveraging the capabilities of image-guided stereotactic radiosurgery, separation surgery, vertebroplasty, and minimally invasive local ablative approaches...
December 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208398/future-cancer-research-priorities-in-the-usa-a-lancet-oncology-commission
#12
REVIEW
Elizabeth M Jaffee, Chi Van Dang, David B Agus, Brian M Alexander, Kenneth C Anderson, Alan Ashworth, Anna D Barker, Roshan Bastani, Sangeeta Bhatia, Jeffrey A Bluestone, Otis Brawley, Atul J Butte, Daniel G Coit, Nancy E Davidson, Mark Davis, Ronald A DePinho, Robert B Diasio, Giulio Draetta, A Lindsay Frazier, Andrew Futreal, Sam S Gambhir, Patricia A Ganz, Levi Garraway, Stanton Gerson, Sumit Gupta, James Heath, Ruth I Hoffman, Cliff Hudis, Chanita Hughes-Halbert, Ramy Ibrahim, Hossein Jadvar, Brian Kavanagh, Rick Kittles, Quynh-Thu Le, Scott M Lippman, David Mankoff, Elaine R Mardis, Deborah K Mayer, Kelly McMasters, Neal J Meropol, Beverly Mitchell, Peter Naredi, Dean Ornish, Timothy M Pawlik, Jeffrey Peppercorn, Martin G Pomper, Derek Raghavan, Christine Ritchie, Sally W Schwarz, Richard Sullivan, Richard Wahl, Jedd D Wolchok, Sandra L Wong, Alfred Yung
We are in the midst of a technological revolution that is providing new insights into human biology and cancer. In this era of big data, we are amassing large amounts of information that is transforming how we approach cancer treatment and prevention. Enactment of the Cancer Moonshot within the 21st Century Cures Act in the USA arrived at a propitious moment in the advancement of knowledge, providing nearly US$2 billion of funding for cancer research and precision medicine. In 2016, the Blue Ribbon Panel (BRP) set out a roadmap of recommendations designed to exploit new advances in cancer diagnosis, prevention, and treatment...
November 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207709/isolation-of-the-rare-opportunistic-yeast-saprochaete-capitata-from-clinical-samples-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-southern-india-and-a-brief-review-of-the-literature
#13
Umabala Pamidimukkala, Anuradha Kancharla, Sukanya Sudhaharan, Sadashivudu Gundeti, Surendra Mandarapu, Vamsi Krishna Nagalla, Sree Bhushan Raju, Sandhya Devi Karanam
Introduction: Saprochaete capitata (Teleomorph: Magnusiomyces capitatus) is a ubiquitous yeast found in environmental sources such as soil, water, air, plants and dairy products. It is also a part of the normal microbial flora in humans. The yeast is being increasingly reported as an opportunistic pathogen, especially in patients in the haemato-oncology setting, the infection being often mistakenly diagnosed as invasive candidiasis. Aim: To review the epidemiological, clinical and microbiological features of six patients admitted in our hospital over a period of 10 years (from January 2007 to December 2016), from whom Saprochaete capitata was isolated...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206790/aspirin-for-prophylaxis-against-venous-thromboembolism-after-orthopaedic-oncologic-surgery
#14
Gregory M Mendez, Yash M Patel, Daniel A Ricketti, John P Gaughan, Richard D Lackman, Tae Won B Kim
BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo orthopaedic oncologic surgical procedures are at increased risk of developing a venous thromboembolism (VTE). Guidelines from surgical societies are shifting to include aspirin as a postoperative VTE prophylactic agent. The purpose of this study was to review our experience using aspirin as postoperative VTE prophylaxis for orthopaedic oncologic surgical procedures. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of patients diagnosed with a primary malignant soft-tissue or bone tumor or metastatic carcinoma...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202877/folate-receptor-targeted-molecular-imaging-improves-identification-of-malignancy-during-pulmonary-resection-a-case-report
#15
Jarrod D Predina, Andrew Newton, Courtney Connolly, Sunil Singhal
BACKGROUND: During minimally invasive pulmonary resection, both limited visualization and tactile feedback can make localization of pulmonary nodules and assessment for synchronous disease challenging. Intraoperative molecular imaging is an emerging technology that can enhance a surgeon's ability to detect cancers at the time of resection. CASE PRESENTATION: In this report, we describe the application of a folate receptor-targeted, near infrared optical contrast agent (OTL38) for the detection of an invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201573/on-the-relationship-between-tumour-growth-rate-and-survival-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Hitesh B Mistry
A recurrent question within oncology drug development is predicting phase III outcome for a new treatment using early clinical data. One approach to tackle this problem has been to derive metrics from mathematical models that describe tumour size dynamics termed re-growth rate and time to tumour re-growth. They have shown to be strong predictors of overall survival in numerous studies but there is debate about how these metrics are derived and if they are more predictive than empirical end-points. This work explores the issues raised in using model-derived metric as predictors for survival analyses...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201510/the-efficacy-and-utilisation-of-preoperative-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-does-it-change-the-surgical-dissection-plan
#17
Hasan Hüseyin Tavukçu, Ömer Aytaç, Numan Cem Balcı, Haluk Kulaksızoğlu, Fatih Atuğ
Objective: We investigated the effect of the use of multiparametric prostate magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) on the dissection plan of the neurovascular bundle and the oncological results of our patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Material and methods: We prospectively evaluated 60 consecutive patients, including 30 patients who had (Group 1), and 30 patients who had not (Group 2) mp-MRI before robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Based on the findings of mp-MRI, the dissection plan was changed as intrafascial, interfascial, and extrafascial in the mp-MRI group...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200114/neuroradiologic-pearls-for-neuro-oncology
#18
Joshua P Klein, Jorg Dietrich
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews key principles in the identification of tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) using standard and advanced imaging modalities. This article highlights the pitfalls and pearls of the imaging evaluation of patients with cancer at time of diagnosis and during cancer therapy and discusses the challenges of the imaging evaluation of treatment-related toxicities. RECENT FINDINGS: Treatment of CNS tumors with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation alters the imaging appearance of the tumor and can be associated with a variety of treatment-related toxicities...
December 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195618/metabolic-tumor-volume-metrics-in-lymphoma
#19
REVIEW
Lale Kostakoglu, Stéphane Chauvie
Although visual assessment using the Deauville criteria is strongly recommended by guidelines for treatment response monitoring in all FDG-avid lymphoma histologies, the high rate of false-positives and concerns about interobserver variability have motivated the development of quantitative tools to facilitate objective measurement of tumor response in both routine and clinical trial settings. Imaging studies using functional quantitative measures play a significant role in profiling oncologic processes. These quantitative metrics allow for objective end points in multicenter clinical trials...
January 2018: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193620/morphometric-study-of-adipocytes-on-breast-cancer-by-means-of-photonic-microscopy-and-image-analysis
#20
Luis Eduardo Suárez-Nájera, José Jorge Chanona-Pérez, Alejandra Valdivia-Flores, Daniel Marrero-Rodríguez, Mauricio Salcedo-Vargas, David Israel García-Ruiz, Marco Antonio Castro-Reyes
Worldwide, breast cancer (BrCa) is currently the leading cause of deaths associated to malignant lesions in adult women. Given that some studies have mentioned that peritumoral adipocytes may contribute to breast carcinogenesis, present work sought to quantitative evaluate the morphometry of these cells in a group of adult women. Three thousand six hundred sixty four breast adipocytes, that came from biopsies of a group of adult females with different types of breast carcinomas (ductal, lobular, and mixed) and one with normal tissues, were evaluated through an image analysis (IA) process regarding six morphometric descriptors: area (A), perimeter (P), Feret diameter (FD ), aspect ratio (AR), roundness factor (RF), and fractal dimension of cellular contour (FDC )...
November 27, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
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