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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160743/dioxolanea3-phosphatidylethanolamines-are-generated-by-human-platelets-and-stimulate-neutrophil-integrin-expression
#1
Maceler Aldrovandi, Christine Hinz, Sarah N Lauder, Helen Podmore, Martin Hornshaw, David A Slatter, Victoria J Tyrrell, Stephen R Clark, Lawrence J Marnett, Peter W Collins, Robert C Murphy, Valerie B O'Donnell
Activated platelets generate an eicosanoid proposed to be 8-hydroxy-9,10-dioxolane A3 (DXA3). Herein, we demonstrate that significant amounts of DXA3 are rapidly attached to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) forming four esterified eicosanoids, 16:0p, 18:0p, 18:1p and 18:0a/DXA3-PEs that can activate neutrophil integrin expression. These lipids comprise the majority of DXA3 generated by platelets, are formed in ng amounts (24.3±6.1ng/2×10(8)) and remain membrane bound. Pharmacological studies revealed DXA3-PE formation involves cyclooxygenase-1 (COX), protease-activated receptors (PAR) 1 and 4, cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), phospholipase C and intracellular calcium...
January 13, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090458/efficient-isolation-of-sperm-with-high-dna-integrity-and-stable-chromatin-packaging-by-a-combination-of-density-gradient-centrifugation-and-magnetic-activated-cell-sorting
#2
Hee-Jun Chi, Su-Jin Kwak, Seok-Gi Kim, Youn-Young Kim, Ji-Young Park, Chang-Seok Yoo, Il-Hae Park, Hong-Gil Sun, Jae-Won Kim, Kyeong-Ho Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to investigate the correlations of the sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) with semen parameters and apoptosis, and to investigate the effects of density-gradient centrifugation (DGC) and magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) on reducing the proportion of sperm with DNA fragmentation and protamine deficiency. METHODS: Semen analysis and a sperm DNA fragmentation assay were performed to assess the correlations between semen parameters and the DFI in 458 semen samples...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077302/neutrophil-adhesion-and-crawling-dynamics-on-liver-sinusoidal-endothelial-cells-under-shear-flow
#3
Hao Yang, Ning Li, Yu Du, Chunfang Tong, Shouqin Lü, Jinrong Hu, Yan Zhang, Mian Long
Neutrophil (polymorphonuclear leukocyte, PMN) recruitment in the liver sinusoid takes place in almost all liver diseases and contributes to pathogen clearance or tissue damage. While PMN rolling unlikely appears in liver sinusoids and Mac-1 or CD44 is assumed to play respective roles during in vivo local or systematic inflammatory stimulation, the regulating mechanisms of PMN adhesion and crawling dynamics are still unclear from those in vivo studies. Here we developed a two-dimensional in vitro sinusoidal model with primary liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) and Kupffer cells (KCs) to investigate TNF-α-induced PMN recruitment under shear flow...
January 9, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068330/loss-of-p53-induces-leukemic-transformation-in-a-murine-model-of-jak2-v617f-driven-polycythemia-vera
#4
T Tsuruta-Kishino, J Koya, K Kataoka, K Narukawa, Y Sumitomo, H Kobayashi, T Sato, M Kurokawa
As leukemic transformation of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) worsens the clinical outcome, reducing the inherent risk of the critical event in MPN cases could be beneficial. Among genetic alterations concerning the transformation, the frequent one is TP53 mutation. Here we show that retroviral overexpression of Jak2 V617F mutant into wild-type p53 murine bone marrow cells induced polycythemia vera (PV) in the recipient mice, whereas Jak2 V617F-transduced p53-null mice developed lethal leukemia after the preceding PV phase...
January 9, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067710/time-and-dose-dependent-effects-of-desflurane-in-sensitized-airways
#5
Jing Zhou, Sohshi Iwasaki, Michiaki Yamakage
BACKGROUND: Although the bronchodilatory actions of volatile anesthetics, such as halothane, isoflurane, and sevoflurane, have been well documented in previous studies, the properties of desflurane remain controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of desflurane at different concentrations and durations in an ovalbumin-sensitized guinea pig model of airway hyper-responsiveness. METHODS: Ovalbumin-sensitized animals (n = 176) were randomly assigned to 5 groups according to the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of desflurane they received: 0...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066794/altered-monocyte-and-endothelial-cell-adhesion-molecule-expression-is-linked-to-vascular-inflammation-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#6
Manjusha Kulkarni, Emily Bowman, Janelle Gabriel, Taylor Amburgy, Elizabeth Mayne, David A Zidar, Courtney Maierhofer, Abigail Norris Turner, Jose A Bazan, Susan L Koletar, Michael M Lederman, Scott F Sieg, Nicholas T Funderburg
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals have increased risk for vascular thrombosis, potentially driven by interactions between activated leukocytes and the endothelium. METHODS: Monocyte subsets (CD14(+)CD16(-), CD14(+)CD16(+), CD14(Dim)CD16(+)) from HIV negative (HIV(-)) and antiretroviral therapy-treated HIV positive (HIV(+)) participants (N = 19 and 49) were analyzed by flow cytometry for adhesion molecule expression (lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 [LFA-1], macrophage-1 antigen [Mac-1], CD11c/CD18, very late antigen [VLA]-4) and the fractalkine receptor (CX3CR1); these receptors recognize ligands (intercellular adhesion molecules [ICAMs], vascular cell adhesion molecule [VCAM]-1, fractalkine) on activated endothelial cells (ECs) and promote vascular migration...
October 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064396/efficient-removal-of-amoxicillin-and-paracetamol-from-aqueous-solutions-using-magnetic-activated-carbon
#7
Caroline Saucier, P Karthickeyan, V Ranjithkumar, Eder C Lima, Glaydson S Dos Reis, Irineu A S de Brum
Activated carbon (AC)/CoFe2O4 nanocomposites, MAC-1 and MAC-2, were prepared by a simple pyrolytic method using a mixture of iron(III)/cobalt(II) benzoates and iron(III)/cobalt(II) oxalates, respectively, and were used as efficient adsorbents for the removal of amoxicillin (AMX) and paracetamol (PCT) of aqueous effluents. The synthesized nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
January 7, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003439/prolonged-exposure-to-volatile-anesthetic-isoflurane-worsens-the-outcome-of-polymicrobial-abdominal-sepsis
#8
Sophia Koutsogiannaki, Matthew M Schaefers, Toshiaki Okuno, Mai Ohba, Takehiko Yokomizo, Gregory P Priebe, James A DiNardo, Soriano G Sulpicio, Koichi Yuki
Sepsis continues to result in high morbidity and mortality. General anesthesia is often administered to septic patients, but the impacts of general anesthesia on host defense are not well understood. General anesthesia can be given by volatile and intravenous anesthetics. Our previous in vitro study showed that volatile anesthetic isoflurane directly inhibits leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and macrophage-1 antigen (Mac-1), critical adhesion molecules on leukocytes. Thus, the role of isoflurane exposure on in vivo LFA-1 and Mac-1 function was examined using polymicrobial abdominal sepsis model in mice...
December 20, 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990411/identification-of-human-cathelicidin-peptide-ll-37-as-a-ligand-for-macrophage-integrin-%C3%AE-m%C3%AE-2-mac-1-cd11b-cd18-that-promotes-phagocytosis-by-opsonizing-bacteria
#9
Valeryi K Lishko, Benjamin Moreno, Nataly P Podolnikova, Tatiana P Ugarova
LL-37, a cationic antimicrobial peptide, has numerous immune-modulating effects. However, the identity of a receptor(s) mediating the responses in immune cells remains uncertain. We have recently demonstrated that LL-37 interacts with the αMI-domain of integrin αMβ2 (Mac-1), a major receptor on the surface of myeloid cells, and induces a migratory response in Mac-1-expressing monocyte/macrophages as well as activation of Mac-1 on neutrophils. Here, we show that LL-37 and its C-terminal derivative supported strong adhesion of various Mac-1-expressing cells, including HEK293 cells stably transfected with Mac-1, human U937 monocytic cells and murine IC-21 macrophages...
July 7, 2016: Research and Reports in Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974454/the-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-associated-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-rs1143678-in-integrin-%C3%AE-m-cytoplasmic-tail-generates-a-14-3-3%C3%AE-binding-site-that-is-proinflammatory
#10
Li-Teng Ong, Hui-Foon Tan, Chen Feng, Jing Qu, Shuzk-Cheng Loh, Surajit Bhattacharyya, Suet-Mien Tan
The leukocyte integrin αMβ2 (CR3 or Mac-1) has both proinflammatory and immune regulatory functions. Genome-wide association studies have identified several ITGAM (αM subunit) single nucleotide polymorphisms that are associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. The single nucleotide polymorphism rs1143678 substitutes Pro(1146) for Ser in the integrin αM cytoplasmic tail. A detailed functional characterization of this substitution is lacking. Using transfected human cell lines, reconstituted mouse bone marrow neutrophils, and bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs), we showed that P1146S (PS) substitution promoted integrin αMβ2-mediated adhesion, spreading, and migration of cells on iC3b and fibrinogen...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889664/macrophage-integrins-modulate-response-to-ultra-high-molecular-weight-polyethylene-particles-and-direct-particle-induced-osteolysis
#11
Toral D Zaveri, Natalia V Dolgova, Jamal S Lewis, Kiri Hamaker, Michael J Clare-Salzler, Benjamin G Keselowsky
Aseptic loosening due to peri-prosthetic osteolysis is one of the primary causes for failure of artificial joint replacements. Implant-derived wear particles, often ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) microparticles, initiate an inflammatory cascade upon phagocytosis by macrophages, which leads to osteoclast recruitment and activation, ultimately resulting in osteolysis. Investigation into integrin receptors, involved in cellular interactions with biomaterial-adsorbed adhesive proteins, is of interest to understand and modulate inflammatory processes...
January 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855694/cd274-promotes-cell-cycle-entry-of-leukemia-initiating-cells-through-jnk-cyclin-d2-signaling
#12
Xia Fang, Chiqi Chen, Fangzhen Xia, Zhuo Yu, Yaping Zhang, Feifei Zhang, Hao Gu, Jiangbo Wan, Xiaocui Zhang, Wei Weng, Cheng Cheng Zhang, Guo-Qiang Chen, Aibing Liang, Li Xie, Junke Zheng
BACKGROUND: CD274 (programmed death ligand 1, also known as B7H1) is expressed in both solid tumors and hematologic malignancies and is of critical importance for the escape of tumor cells from immune surveillance by inhibiting T cell function via its receptor, programmed death 1 (PD-1). Increasing evidence indicates that functional monoclonal antibodies of CD274 may potently enhance the antitumor effect in many cancers. However, the role of CD274 in leukemia-initiating cells (LICs) remains largely unknown...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853810/inflammation-but-not-recruitment-of-adipose-tissue-macrophages-requires-signalling-through-mac-1-cd11b-cd18-in-diet-induced-obesity-dio
#13
Dennis Wolf, Nora Bukosza, David Engel, Marjorie Poggi, Felix Jehle, Nathaly Anto Michel, Yung-Chih Chen, Christian Colberg, Natalie Hoppe, Bianca Dufner, Louis Boon, Hermann Blankenbach, Ingo Hilgendorf, Constantin von Zur Muhlen, Jochen Reinöhl, Björn Sommer, Timoteo Marchini, Mark A Febbraio, Christian Weber, Christoph Bode, Karlheinz Peter, Esther Lutgens, Andreas Zirlik
Cell accumulation is a prerequisite for adipose tissue inflammation. The leukocyte integrin Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18, αMβ2) is a classic adhesion receptor critically regulating inflammatory cell recruitment. Here, we tested the hypothesis that a genetic deficiency and a therapeutic modulation of Mac-1 regulate adipose tissue inflammation in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity (DIO). C57Bl6/J mice genetically deficient (Mac-1(-/-)) or competent for Mac-1 (WT) consumed a high fat diet for 20 weeks. Surprisingly, Mac-1(-/-) mice presented with increased diet-induced weight gain, decreased insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle and in the liver in insulin-clamps, insulin secretion deficiency and elevated glucose levels in fasting animals, and dyslipidaemia...
January 26, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847975/mac-protein-is-not-an-essential-virulence-factor-for-the-virulent-reference-strain-streptococcus-suis-p1-7
#14
Genhui Xiao, Zongfu Wu, Shouming Zhang, Huanyu Tang, Fengqiu Wang, Chengping Lu
Streptococcus suis is a major pathogen of pigs and also an important zoonotic agent for humans. A S. suis protein containing Mac-1 domain (designated Mac) is a protective antigen, exclusively cleaves porcine IgM, and contributes to complement evasion with the presence of high titers of specific porcine anti-S. suis IgM, but its role in S. suis virulence has not been investigated in natural healthy host without specific IgM. In this study, a mac deletion mutant was constructed by homologous recombination in S...
January 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825159/injection-of-htert-transduced-endothelial-progenitor-cells-promotes-beneficial-aortic-changes-in-a-high-fat-dietary-model-of-early-atherosclerosis
#15
Xingsheng Li, Yanru Deng, Shunrong Zhao, Dandan Zhang, Qingwei Chen
OBJECTIVES: Cultured endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) display troubling issues that adversely affect their applicability to endothelial regeneration. We hypothesized that transduction of the human telomerase catalytic subunit (hTERT) gene would enhance EPC function in treating dietary-induced early atherosclerosis (AS). METHODS: A dietary-induced early AS model was successfully constructed in 90 healthy male rats, while 30 healthy control (HC) rats were normally fed...
November 9, 2016: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728815/fibrinogen-scaffolds-with-immunomodulatory-properties-promote-in%C3%A2-vivo-bone-regeneration
#16
Daniel M Vasconcelos, Raquel M Gonçalves, Catarina R Almeida, Inês O Pereira, Marta I Oliveira, Nuno Neves, Andreia M Silva, António C Ribeiro, Carla Cunha, Ana R Almeida, Cristina C Ribeiro, Ana M Gil, Elisabeth Seebach, Katharina L Kynast, Wiltrud Richter, Meriem Lamghari, Susana G Santos, Mário A Barbosa
The hypothesis behind this work is that fibrinogen (Fg), classically considered a pro-inflammatory protein, can promote bone repair/regeneration. Injury and biomaterial implantation naturally lead to an inflammatory response, which should be under control, but not necessarily minimized. Herein, porous scaffolds entirely constituted of Fg (Fg-3D) were implanted in a femoral rat bone defect and investigated at two important time points, addressing the bone regenerative process and the local and systemic immune responses, both crucial to elucidate the mechanisms of tissue remodelling...
December 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726146/flavonoid-enriched-fraction-from-echinodorus-macrophyllus-aqueous-extract-exhibits-high-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-anti-inflammatory-activity
#17
Girlaine Pereira da Silva, Daniele Corrêa Fernandes, Mariana Vieira Vigliano, Eduardo Nunes da Fonseca, Shirley Vânia Moura Santos, Paulo Roberto Marques, Maria da Graça Justo, Kátia Costa de Carvalho Sabino, Marsen Garcia Pinto Coelho
OBJECTIVES: Echinodorus macrophyllus (Kunth) Micheli (Alismataceae) is popularly used as an infusion to treat inflammatory diseases. This work fractionated the aqueous extract of E. macrophyllus (AEEm) to improve its anti-inflammatory effects. METHODS: Aqueous extract of E. macrophyllus was fractionated by Sephadex LH-20 and analysed by HPLC-DAD. Anti-inflammatory action was evaluated, in vivo, by air pouch model (total leucocyte, protein and leukotriene B4 (LTB4 )), and, in vitro, by neutrophil migration (transwell assay) and its Mac1 expression (flow cytometry), and RAW 264...
December 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708207/role-of-oncogene-24p3-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-ngal-in-digestive-system-cancers
#18
Łukasz Michalak, Magdalena Bulska, Katarzyna Kudłacz, Piotr Szcześniak
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, known also as 24p3 lipocalin, lipocalin-2 or uterocalin (in mouse), is a small secretory protein binding small molecular weight ligands which takes part in numerous processes including apoptosis induction in leukocytes, iron transport, smell, and prostaglandins and retinol transport [19]. It was discovered in activated neutrophils as a covalent peptide associated with human gelatinase neutrophils [7]. Neutrophil lipocalin is secreted physiologically in the digestive system, respiratory tract, renal tubular cells, liver or immunity system...
January 4, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698655/neutrophil-integrins-and-matrix-ligands-and-net-release
#19
Xian M O'Brien, Jonathan S Reichner
Neutrophils are motile and responsive to tissue injury and infection. As neutrophils emigrate from the bloodstream and migrate toward a site of affliction, they encounter the tissue extracellular matrix (ECM) and thereby engage integrins. Our laboratory studies the neutrophilic response to the fungal pathogen Candida albicans either in the filamentous state of the microbe or to the purified pathogen-associated molecular pattern, β-glucan. We have gained an appreciation for the role of integrins in regulating the neutrophil anti-Candida response and how the presence or absence of ECM can drive experimental outcome...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690452/quantitative-protein-sulfenic-acid-analysis-identifies-platelet-releasate-induced-activation-of-integrin-%C3%AE-2-on-monocytes-via-nadph-oxidase
#20
Ru Li, Cordula Klockenbusch, Liwen Lin, Honghui Jiang, Shujun Lin, Juergen Kast
Physiological stimuli such as thrombin, or pathological stimuli such as lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), activate platelets. The activated platelets bind to monocytes through P-selectin-PSGL-1 interactions but also release the contents of their granules, commonly called "platelet releasate". It is known that monocytes in contact with platelet releasate produce reactive oxygen species (ROS). Reversible cysteine oxidation by ROS is considered to be a potential regulator of protein function. In a previous study, we used THP-1 monocytic cells exposed to LPA- or thrombin-induced platelet releasate and a modified biotin switch assay to unravel the biological processes that are influenced by reversible cysteine oxidation...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
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