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Deliberate self harm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865243/self-harm-and-suicide-attempts-in-schizophrenia
#1
Kiran Jakhar, Ram Pratap Beniwal, Triptish Bhatia, Smita N Deshpande
BACKGROUND: The risk of suicide among persons with schizophrenia (SZ) is higher than in general population, with multiple contributory factors. We assessed the prevalence of risk of deliberate self-harm and suicide attempts, along with associated socio-demographic and clinical factors in a group of SZ outpatients (n=61) as part of a larger study on overall schizophrenia-associated risks. AIMS: To investigate factors associated with risk of deliberate self-harm and suicide among persons with schizophrenia...
August 18, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846054/severe-clinical-events-in-100-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-retrospective-clinical-description-using-a-system-specific-psychopathological-approach
#2
Moritz E Wigand, Fabian U Lang, Lea Reichhardt, Thomas G Schulze, Sebastian Walther, Thomas Becker, Markus Jäger
Catatonic states and numerous other severe clinical events can complicate the course of schizophrenia. Whether these severe courses are associated with particular system-specific symptom dimensions remain unclear. Aim is to assess the frequency of severe clinical events in a clinical population and to investigate the association of these events with sociodemographic data and system-specific psychopathology, combining qualitative and quantitative data. We performed a comprehensive retrospective description of a well-described and geographically stable sample of 100 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and linked severe clinical events with sociodemographic data at inclusion into the study (as indicators of social functioning) and symptoms at first admission, classified with the Bern Psychopathology Scale (BPS)...
August 28, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832748/prevalence-clinical-correlates-and-maternal-psychopathology-of-deliberate-self-harm-in-children-and-early-adolescents-results-from-a-large-community-study
#3
André R Simioni, Pedro M Pan, Ary Gadelha, Gisele G Manfro, Jair J Mari, Eurípedes C Miguel, Luis A Rohde, Giovanni A Salum
Objectives: Little is known about the prevalence and correlates of deliberate self-harm (DSH) in children from low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence of DSH and its clinical and maternal psychopathological associations in Brazilian children (n=2,508, ages 6-14y) in a community-based study. Methods: Participants of the High Risk Cohort Study for the Development of Childhood Psychiatric Disorders (HRC) and their mothers were assessed in structured interviews...
August 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817578/deliberate-self-harm-behavior-among-young-violent-offenders
#4
Natalie Laporte, Andrejs Ozolins, Sofie Westling, Åsa Westrin, Eva Billstedt, Björn Hofvander, Märta Wallinius
Deliberate self-harm behavior (DSH) can have profound effects on a person's quality of life, and challenges the health care system. Even though DSH has been associated with aggressive interpersonal behaviors, the knowledge on DSH in persons exhibiting such behaviors is scarce. This study aims to (1) specify the prevalence and character of DSH, (2) identify clinical, neurocognitive, psychosocial, and criminological characteristics associated with DSH, and (3) determine predictors of DSH among young violent offenders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762278/co-ingested-alcohol-and-the-timing-of-deliberate-self-poisonings
#5
Kate M Chitty, Katharine Kirby, Nicholas J Osborne, Geoffrey K Isbister, Nicholas A Buckley
OBJECTIVE: Investigating diurnal variation in the timing of suicidal behaviours offers opportunity to better understand its various proximal risk factors. Acute use of alcohol is a potent proximal risk factor for suicidal behaviour, though the nature of this risk is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to compare the diurnal variation in time of poison ingestion between deliberate self-poisonings that involve alcohol versus those that do not. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of consecutive presentations to a toxicology service following deliberate self-poisoning, 1996-2016...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748484/assessing-for-suicidal-behavior-in-youth-using-the-achenbach-system-of-empirically-based-assessment
#6
Anna R Van Meter, Guillermo Perez Algorta, Eric A Youngstrom, Yana Lechtman, Jen K Youngstrom, Norah C Feeny, Robert L Findling
This study investigated the clinical utility of the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA) for identifying youth at risk for suicide. Specifically, we investigated how well the Total Problems scores and the sum of two suicide-related items (#18 "Deliberately harms self or attempts suicide" and #91 "Talks about killing self") were able to distinguish youth with a history of suicidal behavior. Youth (N = 1117) aged 5-18 were recruited for two studies of mental illness. History of suicidal behavior was assessed by semi-structured interviews (K-SADS) with youth and caregivers...
July 26, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737302/an-exploratory-service-based-study-of-deliberate-self-harm-dsh-in-ireland-a-hidden-population
#7
P Quinn, P Surgenor, S McGilloway
The aim of this study was to investigate the nature and extent of deliberate self-harm (DSH) amongst those attending national crisis centres in Ireland, and to assess clients' views of the service. A secondary analysis was undertaken of a large data set of clients presenting with DSH (n=823). Clients were predominantly female, under 25 and with self-cutting widely reported (73%). DSH co-occurred with suicidal ideation (SI) (42%) and/or a suicide attempt (SA) (35%). Males were significantly more likely to present with more severe problems, and to use more dramatic methods of DSH; more severe presenting issues were also significantly associated with a history of having friends who engage in DSH...
May 10, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688866/a-retrospective-study-can-we-differentiate-between-repeat-self-inflicted-burn-patients-and-those-who-commit-a-self-inflicted-burn-as-an-individual-occurrence
#8
Meelad Sayma, Simon Booth, Debbie Weller, Baljit Dheansa
Self-inflicted burns (SIBs) are a significant cause of burns morbidity worldwide. A sub-group of SIB patients demonstrate recurrent SIB behaviour causing repeated morbidity and an increasing strain on hospital resources. The ability to predict which patients are likely to demonstrate repeat behaviour will allow for more targeted interventions in this group. This study aimed to identify the factors that differentiate patients who repeat SIB from those who commit SIB as an individual occurrence. A three-step approach was adopted: (1) initial data collection through the locally held records of the International Burns Injury Database (iBID); (2) follow-up data of SIB patient information were extracted from patient notes and (3) statistical data analysis...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673345/pesticide-poisoning-in-chitwan-nepal-a-descriptive-epidemiological-study
#9
Deepak Gyenwali, Abhinav Vaidya, Sundar Tiwari, Prakash Khatiwada, Daya Ram Lamsal, Shrikrishana Giri
BACKGROUND: Globally, there is a growing concern over pesticides use, which has been linked to self-harm and suicide. However, there is paucity of research on the epidemiology of pesticides poisoning in Nepal. This study is aimed at assessing epidemiological features of pesticides poisoning among hospital-admitted cases in selected hospitals of Chitwan District of Nepal. METHODS: A hospital-based quantitative study was carried out in four major hospitals of Chitwan District...
July 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662694/a-cross-national-study-on-gender-differences-in-suicide-intent
#10
Aislinné Freeman, Roland Mergl, Elisabeth Kohls, András Székely, Ricardo Gusmao, Ella Arensman, Nicole Koburger, Ulrich Hegerl, Christine Rummel-Kluge
BACKGROUND: Suicide accounts for over 58,000 deaths in Europe per annum, where suicide attempts are estimated to be 20 times higher. Males have been found to have a disproportionately lower rate of suicide attempts and an excessively higher rate of suicides compared to females. The gender difference in suicide intent is postulated to contribute towards this gender imbalance. The aim of this study is to explore gender differences in suicide intent in a cross-national study of suicide attempts...
June 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661053/examining-the-scope-and-patterns-of-deliberate-self-injurious-cutting-content-in-popular-social-media
#11
Elizabeth M Miguel, Tommy Chou, Alejandra Golik, Danielle Cornacchio, Amanda L Sanchez, Mariah DeSerisy, Jonathan S Comer
BACKGROUND: Social networking services (SNS) have rapidly become a central platform for adolescents' social interactions and media consumption patterns. The present study examined a representative sample of publicly accessible content related to deliberate self-injurious cutting across three SNS platforms: Twitter, Tumblr, and Instagram. METHODS: Data collection simulated searches for publicly available deliberate self-injury content on Twitter, Tumblr, and Instagram...
June 29, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644703/the-relation-of-protective-factors-to-deliberate-self-harm-among-african-american-adults-moderating-roles-of-gender-and-sexual-orientation-identity
#12
Lindsey T Davis, Nicole H Weiss, Matthew T Tull, Kim L Gratz
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined correlates of deliberate self-harm (DSH) among African-Americans. Moreover, most research on the correlates of DSH in general has focused on risk factors rather than protective factors. AIMS: This study examined differences in perceived social support, religiosity (both spirituality and church attendance) and overall life satisfaction between African-Americans with and without a history of DSH, as well as the moderating roles of gender and sexual orientation in these relations...
August 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641217/the-aggressor-at-the-mirror-psychiatric-correlates-of-deliberate-self-harm-in-male-prison-inmates
#13
N Verdolini, A Murru, L Attademo, R Garinella, I Pacchiarotti, C Del Mar Bonnin, L Samalin, L Pauselli, M Piselli, A Tamantini, R Quartesan, A F Carvalho, E Vieta, A Tortorella
BACKGROUND: Deliberate self-harm (DSH) causes important concern in prison inmates as it worsens morbidity and increases the risk for suicide. The aim of the present study is to investigate the prevalence and correlates of DSH in a large sample of male prisoners. METHODS: A cross-sectional study evaluated male prisoners aged 18+ years. Current and lifetime psychiatric diagnoses were assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - DSM-IV Axis I and Axis II Disorders and with the Addiction Severity Index-Expanded Version...
April 14, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612472/federation-internationale-de-football-association-fifa-2014-world-cup-impact-on-hospital-treated-suicide-attempt-overdose-in-tehran
#14
Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Fatemeh Ghorbani, Afsaneh Rahimi, Tayyebeh Farmahini Farahani, Parvane Sadat Vafaei Sani, Terry J Lewin, Gregory L Carter
Social influences on suicidal behaviors may be important but are less frequently studied than the influences of mental illness, physical illness, and demographic variables. Major international sporting events may have an impact on suicidal behaviors at the national and local level, an effect possibly mediated by gender and age. We examined the association of hospital-treated deliberate self-poisoning episodes (by gender and by age) in Tehran: before, during, and after the 2014 FIFA World Cup held in Brazil, in which the Iranian national team participated and was eliminated after the pool games...
June 13, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582987/a-review-of-patients-presenting-to-accident-and-emergency-department-with-deliberate-self-harm-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#15
Josephat O Ani, Andrew J Ross, Laura M Campbell
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has described deliberate self-harm (DSH) as a major global health challenge. Little is known about the profile of patients admitted following DSH at district and regional combo hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the profiles of patients and reasons for admission following DSH. SETTING: The study was conducted on data from a busy Accident and Emergency (A&E) department in a combination district and regional hospital situated in Empangeni in northern KwaZulu-Natal...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581540/self-injury-placement-in-mental-disorders-classifications-risk-factors-and-primary-mechanisms-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Kamila Lenkiewicz, Ewa Racicka, Anita Bryńska
Self-injury is a common phenomenon among adolescents and young adults, however its prevalence in clinical population is estimated at 40-80%, especially in regard to patients during puberty. Symptoms usually appear between 12th and 14th year of age, and their average duration is approx. 2 years. According to accepted sociocultural norms self-injury can be regarded as a normal behavior. Nevertheless, the prevalence of body art phenomenon in Western culture including professional tattooing, piercing, scarification, burning tattoos and other body modification typical for tribal cultures, has forced the need to redefine the boundaries for normative behavior...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581318/effect-of-alcohol-dose-on-deliberate-self-harm-in-men-and-women
#17
Mitchell E Berman, Jennifer R Fanning, Casey R Guillot, Angelika Marsic, Joshua Bullock, Michael R Nadorff, Michael S McCloskey
OBJECTIVE: Nonexperimental survey and field research support the notion that alcohol use may be associated with deliberate self-harm (DSH) across the spectrum of lethality, from nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) through suicide. Nonexperimental studies, however, provide limited information about potential causal relationships between alcohol consumption and DSH. Two previous experiments showed that a relatively high-dose of alcohol increases the likelihood of engaging in DSH in men, with DSH defined by the self-administration of a "painful" shock (the self-aggression paradigm [SAP]; Berman & Walley, 2003; McCloskey & Berman, 2003)...
September 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535842/general-practitioners-clinical-expertise-in-managing-suicidal-young-people-implications-for-continued-education
#18
Maria Michail, Lynda Tait, Dick Churchill
Aim To examine general practitioners' (GPs) clinical expertise in assessing, communicating with, and managing suicidal young people aged 14-25 to inform the development of an educational intervention for GPs on youth suicide prevention. BACKGROUND: Suicide is the second leading cause of death for young people worldwide. GPs are ideally suited to facilitate early identification and assessment of suicide risk. However, GPs' levels of competence, knowledge, and attitudes towards suicidal young people have not yet been explored...
May 24, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498584/risk-of-suicide-deliberate-self-harm-and-psychiatric-illness-after-the-loss-of-a-close-relative-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#19
Mai-Britt Guldin, Maiken Ina Siegismund Kjaersgaard, Morten Fenger-Grøn, Erik Thorlund Parner, Jiong Li, Anders Prior, Mogens Vestergaard
The loss of a close relative is a common event, yet it is associated with increased risk of serious mental health conditions. No large-scale study has explored up to now the importance of the bereaved person's relation to the deceased while accounting for gender and age. We performed a nationwide Danish cohort study using register information from 1995 through 2013 on four sub-cohorts including all persons aged ≥18 years exposed to the loss of a child, spouse, sibling or parent. We identified 1,445,378 bereaved persons, and each was matched by gender, age and family composition to five non-bereaved persons...
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492576/-mental-capacity-and-capacity-to-consent-multicentric-study-in-a-involuntary-psychiatric-hospitalized-patients-sample
#20
Felice Carabellese, Gabriele Mandarelli, Donatella La Tegola, Giovanna Parmigiani, Stefano Ferracuti, Roberto Quartesan, Antonello Bellomo, Roberto Catanesi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this longitudinal observational study is to evaluate the course and impact of clinical, social, and behavioral variables on the involuntary readmission of psychiatric patients, during a 6-months follow-up after discharge from a prior involuntary hospitalization. METHODS: N=131 involuntarily committed psychiatric patients were enrolled in three university hospitals (Bari n=57; Perugia n=42; Rome n=32). At the first assessment cognitive functioning (MMSE), psychiatric symptoms severity (BPRS-E), capacity to consent to treatment (MacCAT-T) as well as principal socio-demographic and clinical variables were collected...
March 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
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