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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812957/examining-gender-bias-in-the-feedback-shared-with-family-medicine-residents
#1
Chantal Loeppky, Oksana Babenko, Shelley Ross
OBJECTIVES: Competency-based education places increasing emphasis on formative feedback to learners as part of the assessment process. We wished to determine if gender bias was present in the feedback shared with post-graduate medical trainees (residents) in a two-year family medicine residency program at a Canadian university. METHODS: We performed secondary data analyses of documented feedback (FieldNotes) extracted from the Competency-Based Achievement System database...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812935/motivations-for-learning-of-family-medicine-residents-trained-in-competency-based-education
#2
Oksana Babenko, Olga Szafran, Sudha Koppula, Lillian Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Family physicians regularly encounter clinical uncertainty and ambiguity and thus, are expected to engage in on-going learning to respond to changing needs of family practice. Using Achievement Goal Theory, the objective of this study was to examine motivations for learning of family medicine residents in a competency-based program. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study, employing a survey methodology with family medicine residents at the mid-point of training at a Canadian university...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812928/health-education-careers-in-a-post-health-reform-era
#3
M Elaine Auld
Since enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in 2010, health education specialists (HES) have made important contributions in implementing the law's provisions at the individual, family, and population levels. Using their health education competencies and subcompetencies, HES are improving public understanding of health insurance literacy and enrollment options, conducting community health needs assessments required of nonprofit hospitals, modifying policies or systems to improve access to health screenings and preventive health services, strengthening clinical and community linkages, and working with employee benefit plans...
September 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812841/university-of-global-health-equity-s-contribution-to-the-reduction-of-education-and-health-services-rationing
#4
EDITORIAL
Agnes Binagwaho
The inadequate supply of health workers and demand-side barriers due to clinical practice that heeds too little attention to cultural context are serious obstacles to achieving universal health coverage and the fulfillment of the human rights to health, especially for the poor and vulnerable living in remote rural areas. A number of strategies have been deployed to increase both the supply of healthcare workers and the demand for healthcare services. However, more can be done to improve service delivery as well as mitigate the geographic inequalities that exist in this field...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812476/developing-nurses-transformational-leadership-skills
#5
Shelly Ann Fischer
Healthcare is a complex area with significant potential for service improvement despite the effects of increasing economic and social pressures on the quality and safety of patient care. As the largest group of healthcare professionals in direct contact with patients, nurses are well positioned to contribute to improvements in healthcare services and to the development of new policies. To influence healthcare improvements and policies effectively, nurses require leadership skills. Historically, it was thought that only nurses in management roles required leadership skills; however, the ability to influence change is a requirement at all levels of clinical practice...
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812270/oxytocin-and-facial-emotion-recognition
#6
Mark A Ellenbogen
The expression of emotion in faces serves numerous meaningful functions, such as conveying messages of danger or approach, facilitating communication, and promoting the formation of social bonds and relationships. The study of facial expressions of emotion has become integral to research in social psychology and social neuroscience, particularly with respect to the neuropeptide oxytocin. This chapter examines how oxytocin influences the processing of emotion in faces by reviewing intranasal administration studies of automatic processing, selective attention, and emotion recognition...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812156/accredited-residents-perform-colonoscopy-to-the-same-high-standards-as-consultants
#7
Dedrick Kok Hong Chan, Reuben Kong Min Wong, Khay Guan Yeoh, Ker-Kan Tan
BACKGROUND: Endoscopy remains a critical component of General Surgery and Gastroenterology training. Whilst residents need to gain experience, the quality of endoscopy which patients receive cannot be compromised. We conducted this study to compare quality indicators between consultants and residents with regards to colonoscopy. METHODS: A review of colonoscopies from a prospectively collected database was performed from September 2011 to February 2016. Quality indicators such as caecum intubation rate, adenoma detection rate, adherence to a 6-min withdrawal rule, mean number of polyps detected per colonoscope, and complications were collected and compared between the two groups...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812121/-teaching-in-orthopaedic-and-trauma-surgery
#8
T Renkawitz, A Benditz, M Rüsseler, U Obertacke, J Grifka, M Weber
The scramble for available places to study medicine in Germany continues. One of the core points within the "Master Plan 2020", which has been recently adopted, is the reform of teaching concepts at German medical faculties. In the future, students of human medicine are to be trained primarily based upon competence-oriented, integrated curricula. The present paper is intended to present modern teaching concepts and methods, as well as current examination formats, which play a special role in student training in orthopaedics and traumatology...
August 15, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811915/prevent-what-is-pre-criminal-space
#9
David Goldberg, Sushrut Jadhav, Tarek Younis
Prevent is a UK-wide programme within the government's anti-terrorism strategy aimed at stopping individuals from supporting or taking part in terrorist activities. NHS England's Prevent Training and Competencies Framework requires health professionals to understand the concept of pre-criminal space. This article examines pre-criminal space, a new term which refers to a period of time during which a person is referred to a specific Prevent-related safeguarding panel, Channel. It is unclear what the concept of pre-criminal space adds to the Prevent programme...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811257/auditory-conflict-and-congruence-in-frontotemporal-dementia
#10
Camilla N Clark, Jennifer M Nicholas, Jennifer L Agustus, Christopher J D Hardy, Lucy L Russell, Emilie V Brotherhood, Katrina M Dick, Charles R Marshall, Catherine J Mummery, Jonathan D Rohrer, Jason D Warren
Impaired analysis of signal conflict and congruence may contribute to diverse socio-emotional symptoms in frontotemporal dementias, however the underlying mechanisms have not been defined. Here we addressed this issue in patients with behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD; n=19) and semantic dementia (SD; n=10) relative to healthy older individuals (n=20). We created auditory scenes in which semantic and emotional congruity of constituent sounds were independently probed; associated tasks controlled for auditory perceptual similarity, scene parsing and semantic competence...
August 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811044/learning-how-to-teach-one-a-needs-assessment-of-the-state-of-faculty-development-within-the-consortium-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-accredited-education-institutes
#11
John T Paige, Nehal N Khamis, Jeffrey B Cooper
BACKGROUND: Developing faculty competencies in curriculum development, teaching, and assessment using simulation is critical for the success of the Consortium of the American College of Surgeons Accredited Education Institutes program. The state of and needs for faculty development in the Accredited Education Institute community are unknown currently. The Faculty Development Committee of the Consortium of the Accredited Education Institutes conducted a survey of Accredited Education Institutes to ascertain what types of practices are used currently, with what frequency, and what needs are perceived for further programs and courses to guide the plan of action for the Faculty Development Committee...
August 12, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810383/the-association-between-stress-resilience-and-emotional-symptoms-in-norwegian-adolescents-from-13-to-18-years-old
#12
Unni K Moksnes, Magdalena Lazarewicz
This study investigated associations between stress, resilience factors, and symptoms of depression and anxiety in a cross-sectional sample of 1183 adolescents 13-18 years old. The results showed a positive significant association between stress and symptoms of depression and anxiety. Personal competence was significantly negatively associated with depression and anxiety, whereas social support was significantly negatively associated with anxiety. Significant interaction effects were found between gender by personal competence and gender by structured style in relation to anxiety, with stronger associations for girls...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810359/the-role-of-motivation-in-predicting-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-china
#13
Taryn Vian, Mary Bachman DeSilva, Howard J Cabral, Geoffrey C Williams, Allen L Gifford, Li Zhong, Wubin Xie, Christopher J Gill, Lora L Sabin
Patient motivation is important in managing medication regimens such as antiretroviral treatment for HIV/AIDS. We tested whether self-determination theory could predict adherence behavior among 115 HIV-positive patients in the China Adherence through Technology Study, a randomized controlled trial of an intervention using text reminders and supportive counseling to increase adherence. Being in the treatment group had a significant effect on improving adherence; however, we did not find evidence that self-determination theory predicts adherence in this population of HIV-positive patients...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809646/occupational-therapy-and-veteran-suicide-a-call-to-action
#14
Amy Kashiwa, Melissa M Sweetman, Loriann Helgeson
Suicide in the U.S. military veteran population is an epidemic with a wide-ranging impact on individuals, families, and society. Death by suicide is preventable. The purpose of this article is to ignite a professional discussion about veteran suicide, a serious mental health issue that is underrepresented in the occupational therapy research literature. Occupational therapy practitioners respond to the changing needs of populations and promote preventive measures to improve health. Actively exploring occupational therapy's role in suicide prevention is a professional responsibility aligned with tenets of the Centennial Vision and Vision 2025...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809588/applying-adult-development-theories-to-improvement-science
#15
Sofia Kjellström, Ann-Christine Andersson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to address how adult development (AD) theories can contribute to quality improvement (QI). Design/methodology/approach A theoretical analysis and discussion on how personal development empirical findings can relate to QI and Deming's four improvement knowledge domains. Findings AD research shows that professionals have qualitatively diverse ways of meaning-making and ways to approach possibilities in improvement efforts. Therefore, professionals with more complex meaning-making capacities are needed to create successful transformational changes and learning, with the recognition that system knowledge is a developmental capacity...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809193/patient-at-work-in-the-era-of-pro
#16
Ann Bygholm, Pernille Bertelsen
There is a widespread consensus that it is important to involve patient in their own care, both for the reasons of quality and safety in healthcare and for the sake of the patients' individual rights. The appreciation of patient participation and related notions such as patient empowerment, patient centered care, patient involvement, patient as co-producers of health et cetera, indicate that the role of the patient have changed over the last decades. It has changed from being a passive recipient of treatment to becoming an active and responsible agent...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809155/microbe-profile-candida-albicans-a-shape-changing-opportunistic-pathogenic-fungus-of-humans
#17
Neil A R Gow, Bhawna Yadav
(a) Morphotypes of Candida albicans (blue sector, vegetative forms; pink sector, forms related to mating or changes in ploidy). Cell types shown include: budding yeast cells; elongated conjoined yeasts forming pseudohyphae; parallel-sided hyphae; chlamydospores formed from suspensor cells; enlarged goliath cells formed under zinc deprivation (unpublished study, image from Duncan Wilson); intestinal gut form cells (image from Suzanne Noble); mating competence defined by white-grey-opaque cell transitions (images from Guanghua Huang); elongated chemotactic shmoo-mating projections leading to tetraploid zygote formation (images from David Soll and Karla Daniels); trimera formed by unequal chromosome segregation under antifungal exposure (image from Judith Berman)...
August 15, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809086/who-where-what-and-where-to-now-a-snapshot-of-publishing-patterns-in-australian-orthopaedic-surgery
#18
Nicholas Croker, Abhirup Lobo, Anne Croker, Zsolt J Balogh, David Dewar
BACKGROUND: Development of core research competency is a principle of orthopaedic surgical training in Australia. This paper aims to provide an objective snapshot of publications by Australian orthopaedic trainees and surgeons, to contribute to the discussion on how to identify and build on research capability in the Australian Orthopaedic Association (AOA). METHODS: By analysing journals with a journal impact factor >1 from 2009 to 2015, data were gathered to explore scientific journal publications by Australian orthopaedic surgeons and trainees in relation to who are the authors, what they are reporting and where they are publishing...
August 15, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809068/false-belief-attribution-in-children-with-williams-syndrome-the-answer-is-in-the-emotion
#19
R Campos, P Martínez-Castilla, M Sotillo
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) show difficulties in attributing false beliefs, whereas they are better at attributing emotions. This study examines whether being asked about the emotion linked to a false belief, instead of explicitly about the belief, facilitates performance on theory of mind (ToM) tasks. METHOD: Thirty children with WS and 90 typically developing children, who were individually matched on mental age (50-112 months), were administered six explicit (i...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808131/intercellular-communication-via-the-comx-inducing-peptide-xip-of-streptococcus-mutans
#20
Justin Kaspar, Simon A M Underhill, Robert C Shields, Adrian Reyes, Suzanne Rosenzweig, Stephen J Hagen, Robert A Burne
Gram-positive bacteria utilize exported peptides to coordinate genetic and physiological processes required for biofilm formation, stress responses and ecological competitiveness. One example is activation of natural genetic competence by ComR and the comX-inducing peptide (XIP) in Streptococcus mutans Although the competence pathway can be activated by addition of synthetic XIP in defined medium, the hypothesis that XIP is able to function as an intercellular signal molecule has not been rigorously tested...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
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