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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340316/quality-of-relationship-between-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-their-family-members
#1
Laraine Winter, Helene J Moriarty
OBJECTIVES: The quality of the relationship between patients with many illnesses and their family members has been shown to affect the well-being of both. Yet, relationship quality has not been studied in traumatic brain injury (TBI), and giving and receiving aspects have not been distinguished. The present study of veterans with TBI examined associations between relationship quality and caregiver burden, satisfaction with caregiving, and veterans' competence in interpersonal functioning, rated by veterans and family members...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340068/demanding-competence
#2
Beth B Hogans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339986/the-national-association-of-social-workers-code-of-ethics-and-cultural-competence-what-does-anne-fadiman-s-the-spirit-catches-you-and-you-fall-down-teach-us-today
#3
Haylee Hebenstreit
This article discusses limitations in the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics conceptualization of "cultural competence." It uses the case example presented in Anne Fadiman's classic (2012) work, The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures, to explore the conventional markers of cultural competence, as taught in contemporary graduate-level social work education curricula, and their implications for socially just practice...
March 4, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339975/the-pain-interprofessional-curriculum-design-model
#4
Judy Watt-Watson, Leila Lax, Robyn Davies, Sylvia Langlois, Jon Oskarsson, Lalitha Raman-Wilms
Objective.:  Although the University of Toronto Centre for the Study of Pain has successfully implemented an Interfaculty Pain Curriculum since 2002, we have never formalized the process in a design model. Therefore, our primary aim was to develop a model that provided an overview of dynamic, interrelated elements that have been important in our experience. A secondary purpose was to use the model to frame an interactive workshop for attendees interested in developing their own pain curricula...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339890/pennsylvania-state-core-competencies-for-education-on-opioids-and-addiction
#5
Michael A Ashburn, Rachel L Levine
Objective.:  The objective of this project was to develop core competencies for education on opioids and addiction to be used in all Pennsylvania medical schools. Methods.:  The Pennsylvania Physician General created a task force that was responsible for the creation of the core competencies. A literature review was completed, and a survey of graduating medical students was conducted. The task force then developed, reviewed, and approved the core competencies...
March 2, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339721/analysis-of-professional-competencies-for-the-clinical-research-data-management-profession-implications-for-training-and-professional-certification
#6
Meredith N Zozus, Angel Lazarov, Leigh R Smith, Tim E Breen, Susan L Krikorian, Patrick S Zbyszewski, Shelly K Knoll, Debra A Jendrasek, Derek C Perrin, Demetris N Zambas, Tremaine B Williams, Carl F Pieper
Objective: : To assess and refine competencies for the clinical research data management profession. Materials and Methods: : Based on prior work developing and maintaining a practice standard and professional certification exam, a survey was administered to a captive group of clinical research data managers to assess professional competencies, types of data managed, types of studies supported, and necessary foundational knowledge. Results: : Respondents confirmed a set of 91 professional competencies...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339490/create-your-own-stimulus-manipulating-movements-according-to-social-categories
#7
Markus Koppensteiner, Georg Primes, Pia Stephan
People ascribe purposeful behaviour to the movements of artificial objects and social qualities to human body motion. We investigated how people associate simple motion cues with social categories. For a first rating-experiment we converted the body movements of speakers into stick-figure animations; for a second rating-experiment we used animations of one single dot. Rating-experiments were "reversed" because we asked participants to alter the movements (i.e., vertical amplitude, horizontal amplitude, and velocity) of the stimuli according to different instructions (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339472/vector-status-of-aedes-species-determines-geographical-risk-of-autochthonous-zika-virus-establishment
#8
Lauren Gardner, Nan Chen, Sahotra Sarkar
BACKGROUND: The 2015-16 Zika virus pandemic originating in Latin America led to predictions of a catastrophic global spread of the disease. Since the current outbreak began in Brazil in May 2015 local transmission of Zika has been reported in over 60 countries and territories, with over 750 thousand confirmed and suspected cases. As a result of its range expansion attention has focused on possible modes of transmission, of which the arthropod vector-based disease spread cycle involving Aedes species is believed to be the most important...
March 24, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335057/white-paper-curriculum-in-interventional-radiology
#9
Andreas H Mahnken, Arno Bücker, Christian Hohl, Ansgar Berlis
Purpose Scope and clinical importance of interventional radiology markedly evolved over the last decades. Consequently it was acknowledged as independent subspecialty by the "European Union of Medical Specialists" (UEMS). Based on radiological imaging techniques Interventional Radiology is an integral part of Radiology. Materials und Methods In 2009 the German Society for Interventional Radiology and minimally-invasive therapy (DeGIR) developed a structured training in Interventional Radiology. In cooperation with the German Society of Neuroradiology (DGNR) this training was extended to also cover Interventional Neuroradiology in 2012...
April 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334629/diabetes-knowledge-and-perceptions-among-nursing-students-and-curriculum-differences-in-japan-and-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Lucie M Ramjan, Hiroko Watanabe, Yenna Salamonson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between knowledge and perceptions of diabetes mellitus (DM) among nursing students from Japan and Australia; and to compare curriculum differences. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Convenience sample of students from Japan (N=78) and Australia (N=85) in their final year were surveyed. Students reported demographic details, and perceptions towards caring for patients with DM. The 23-item Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test (MDKT) was used to assess general knowledge, and seven additional questions were used to assess DM-related clinical knowledge (CDKT)...
March 16, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334476/implementing-guidelines-for-preventing-identifying-and-treating-adolescent-overweight-and-obesity-school-nurses-perceptions-of-the-challenges-involved
#11
Sølvi Helseth, Kirsti Riiser, Bettina Holmberg Fagerlund, Nina Misvaer
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to gain a better understanding of school nurses' perceptions of the challenges involved in implementing national guidelines on managing overweight and obesity in adolescents. BACKGROUND: National guidelines for the management of childhood overweight and obesity are developed in many countries to translate scientific knowledge into practice. However, several challenges are involved in their implementation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative design with focus group interviews was chosen for data collection...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334466/home-care-services-for-sick-children-healthcare-professionals-conceptions-of-challenges-and-facilitators
#12
Charlotte Castor, Inger Hallström, Helena Hansson, Kajsa Landgren
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore healthcare professionals' conceptions of caring for sick children in home care services. BACKGROUND: Families often prefer home care to hospital care and the number of home care services for children is increasing. Caring for children at home has been recognised as challenging for healthcare professionals in home care services used to providing care predominately for adults. DESIGN: An inductive qualitative design...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333990/creativity-associated-with-the-application-of-a-motivational-intervention-programme-for-the-teaching-of-dance-at-school-and-its-effect-on-the-both-genders
#13
Diana Amado, Pedro Antonio Sánchez-Miguel, Pablo Molero
The current study reviews processes of teaching-learning based on creativity, with the application by teachers of several strategies to support the need for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. The aim is to learn the effect of pupil's gender on their motivational level and the psychological consequences that might arise in the cognitive, affective, and behavioural domains. A quasi-experimental study was carried out at four schools in Mexico, with 12 physical education teachers and 40 natural groups of pupils aged between 11 and 17 (M = 13...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333819/practice-bulletin-no-177-obstetric-analgesia-and-anesthesia
#14
(no author information available yet)
Labor causes severe pain for many women. There is no other circumstance in which it is considered acceptable for an individual to experience untreated severe pain that is amenable to safe intervention while the individual is under a physician's care. Many women desire pain management during labor and delivery, and there are many medical indications for analgesia and anesthesia during labor and delivery. In the absence of a medical contraindication, maternal request is a sufficient medical indication for pain relief during labor...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333811/practice-bulletin-no-177-summary-obstetric-analgesia-and-anesthesia
#15
(no author information available yet)
Labor causes severe pain for many women. There is no other circumstance in which it is considered acceptable for an individual to experience untreated severe pain that is amenable to safe intervention while the individual is under a physician's care. Many women desire pain management during labor and delivery, and there are many medical indications for analgesia and anesthesia during labor and delivery. In the absence of a medical contraindication, maternal request is a sufficient medical indication for pain relief during labor...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333789/nursing-informatics-competency-assessment-for-the-nurse-leader-the-delphi-study
#16
Sarah Collins, Po-Yin Yen, Andrew Phillips, Mary K Kennedy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify nursing informatics competencies perceived as relevant and required by nurse leaders. BACKGROUND: To participate as a full partner in healthcare leadership among rapidly advancing health information technologies (HITs), nurse leaders must attain knowledge of informatics competencies related to their clinical leadership roles and responsibilities. Despite this increased need to engage in HIT-related decision making, a gap remains in validated informatics competencies specific to the needs of nurse leaders...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333609/fundamental-use-of-surgical-energy-fuse-an-essential-educational-program-for-operating-room-safety
#17
Stephanie B Jones, Malcolm G Munro, Liane S Feldman, Thomas N Robinson, L Michael Brunt, Steven D Schwaitzberg, Daniel B Jones, Pascal R Fuchshuber
Operating room (OR) safety has become a major concern in patient safety since the 1990s. Improvement of team communication and behavior is a popular target for safety programming at the institutional level. Despite these efforts, essential safety gaps remain in the OR and procedure rooms. A prime example is the use of energy-based devices in ORs and procedural areas. The lack of fundamental understanding of energy device function, design, and application contributes to avoidable injury and harm at a rate of approximately 1 to 2 per 1000 patients in the US...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333568/the-nature-of-competition-in-dietetics-education-a-narrative-review
#18
Jillian Ruhl, Daphne Lordly
The impact on student development associated with being part of a competitive program is an emerging finding in dietetics research. As such, a narrative review of relevant literature was conducted pertaining to competition in post-secondary programs and the educational experience of students with respect to developing a career in dietetics. The review was guided by 2 questions: How is competition experienced by students? What strategies can reduce competition among dietetics students within the educational experience? A refined literature screening process justified including 32 articles in the review...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333567/aboriginal-cultural-competency-in-dietetics-a-national-survey-of-canadian-registered-dietitians
#19
Paige Huycke, Jillian Ingribelli, Lee Rysdale
Little has been published on cultural competency curriculum and dietetics considering the impact of food-related beliefs and behaviours on health. A 14-item online survey was administered in January 2016 to 145 participants (125 members of Dietitians of Canada Aboriginal Nutrition Network and 20 dietitians with an interest in Aboriginal nutrition). Questions included multiple choice and ranking responses and were pretested by 4 preceptors with the Northern Ontario Dietetic Internship Program (NODIP). Quantitative data analysis included frequencies, pivot tables, and averaging/grouping of ranking scores...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333126/cheetahs-have-a-stronger-constitutive-innate-immunity-than-leopards
#20
Sonja K Heinrich, Heribert Hofer, Alexandre Courtiol, Jörg Melzheimer, Martin Dehnhard, Gábor Á Czirják, Bettina Wachter
As a textbook case for the importance of genetics in conservation, absence of genetic variability at the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is thought to endanger species viability, since it is considered crucial for pathogen resistance. An alternative view of the immune system inspired by life history theory posits that a strong response should evolve in other components of the immune system if there is little variation in the MHC. In contrast to the leopard (Panthera pardus), the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) has a relatively low genetic variability at the MHC, yet free-ranging cheetahs are healthy...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
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