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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212510/impact-of-paint-shop-decanter-effluents-on-biological-treatability-of-automotive-industry-wastewater
#1
Didem Güven, Oytun Hanhan, Elif Ceren Aksoy, Güçlü Insel, Emine Çokgör
A lab-scale Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) was implemented to investigate biological treatability and kinetic characteristics of paint shop wastewater (PSW) together with main stream wastewater (MSW) of a bus production factory. Readily biodegradable and slowly biodegradable COD fractions of MWS were determined by respirometric analysis: 4.2% (SS), 10.4% (SH) and 59.3% (XS). Carbon and nitrogen removal performance of the SBR feeding with MSW alone were obtained as 89% and 58%, respectively. When PSW was introduced to MSW, both carbon and nitrogen removal were deteriorated...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211621/changes-in-sugar-content-and-related-enzyme-activities-in-table-grape-vitis-vinifera-l-in-response-to-foliar-selenium-fertilizer
#2
Shuaimeng Zhu, Yinli Liang, Xiaojuan An, Fanchao Kong, Dekai Gao, Hongfei Yin
BACKGROUND: Spraying Se fertilizer is an effective way for Se-enriched fruit production. Sugar content in fruit is the major factor determining berry quality. However, changes in sugar metabolism in response to Se fertilizer are unclear. Hence, this study was conducted to identify the effects of Se fertilizer on sugar metabolism and related enzyme activities of grape berries. Additionally, production of leaves with and without Se fertilizer was also investigated. RESULTS: Acid invertase (AI) activity, total soluble sugar and Se content in berries, photosynthetic rate (Pn) in leaves produced under Se fertilizer treatments were higher than that of control...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211336/immobilized-and-mgso4-induced-cost-effective-bacterial-disintegration-of-waste-activated-sludge-for-effective-anaerobic-digestion
#3
U Ushani, J Rajesh Banu, S Kavitha, S Kaliappan, Ick Tae Yeom
In this study, an attempt was made to disintegrate waste activated sludge (WAS) in a cost-effective way. During the first phase of this study, effective break down of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) was performed by deflocculating WAS with 0.1 g/g SS of MgSO4. Deflocculation rate was 92% with discharge rate of extractable EPS at 185 mg/L. In the second phase, effective bacterial cell disintegration was obtained at 36 h post treatment. Maximum solubilization of deflocculated sludge was approximately 21%, which was higher than that of flocculated sludge (14...
February 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210547/nipple-areolar-complex-reconstruction-and-patient-satisfaction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Ellen S Satteson, Benjamin J Brown, Maurice Y Nahabedian
BACKGROUND: Nipple-areola complex (NAC) reconstruction transforms a mound of soft tissue into a breast and often marks the final stage of breast reconstruction after mastectomy. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted in accordance with the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Articles were classified based on the nipple reconstructive technique-either composite nipple sharing or local flap with nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) used as a control...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209258/biliary-tract-external-drainage-protects-against-multiple-organs-injuries-of-severe-acute-pancreatitis-rats-via-heme-oxygenase-1-upregulation
#5
Jin-Long Wang, Ying Chen, Xiao-Qing Song, Mei-Ling Lu, Bing Zhao, Li Ma, Er-Zhen Chen, En-Qiang Mao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of biliary tract external drainage (BTED) on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in rats and the relationship with heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) pathway. METHODS: Thirty SD rats weighing 250-300 g were randomly assigned into five groups (n = 6): sham surgery (SS) group, SAP group, SAP + BTED group, SAP + zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP) group, SAP + BTED + ZnPP group. The SAP model was induced via retrograde injection of 4% sodium taurocholate (1 mL/kg) into biliopancreatic duct through duodenal wall...
February 1, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207661/analysis-of-factors-associated-with-sagittal-balance-in-normal-asymptomatic-individuals-a-retrospective-study-in-a-population-of-east-china
#6
Mingyuan Yang, Changwei Yang, Xiao Zhai, Jian Zhao, Xiaodong Zhu, Ming Li
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To determine primary contributors to sagittal balance and establish a predictive equation of sagittal balance in normal asymptomatic subjects. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Sagittal balance has been verified to be associated with health-related quality of life. Although many studies have been performed to explore factors contributing to sagittal balance in various disease states, no study has been conducted in normal asymptomatic subjects in East China...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207636/association-between-pretransplant-cancer-and-survival-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#7
Dag Olav Dahle, Tom Grotmol, Torbjørn Leivestad, Anders Hartmann, Karsten Midtvedt, Anna V Reisæter, Geir Mjøen, Hege K Pihlstrøm, Hege Næss, Hallvard Holdaas
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation in recipients with a previous malignancy is often deferred 2-5 years after cancer treatment due to fear of cancer recurrence. In Norway, the required waiting period has been 1 year. METHODS: We compared patient and graft survival of recipients with pretransplant cancer to the outcomes of matched recipients without such cancer (comparators) using Cox regression. RESULTS: From 1963 to 2010, 377 of 5867 recipients (6...
February 15, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205524/interleukin-33-produced-by-m2-macrophages-and-other-immune-cells-contributes-to-th2-immune-reaction-of-igg4-related-disease
#8
Sachiko Furukawa, Masafumi Moriyama, Kensuke Miyake, Hitoshi Nakashima, Akihiko Tanaka, Takashi Maehara, Mana Iizuka-Koga, Hiroto Tsuboi, Jun-Nosuke Hayashida, Noriko Ishiguro, Masaki Yamauchi, Takayuki Sumida, Seiji Nakamura
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is characterized by elevated serum IgG4 and marked infiltration of IgG4-positive cells in multiple organs. Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a recently described cytokine that is secreted by damaged epithelial cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells, and potently activates helper T type 2 (Th2) immune responses, which have been suggested to play a major role in IgG4 production of IgG4-RD. Here, we assessed the expression of IL-33 and related molecules in the salivary glands (SGs) of patients with IgG4-RD versus that in patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and controls...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205320/trace-elements-in-children-suffering-from-sickle-cell-anemia-a%C3%A2-case-control-study
#9
Joseph K Sungu, Olivier Mukuku, Augustin Mulangu Mutombo, Paul Mawaw, Michel N Aloni, Oscar N Luboya
BACKGROUND: Information on serum albumin and trace elements among children suffering from Sickle Cell Anemia (SCA) was poorly documented in Africa. The aim of this study was to describe and to compare different values of trace elements with published reports from other parts of the world. METHODS: We carried out a case-control study. Seventy-six steady state children suffering from SCA (Hb-SS). One hundred and fifty-two children were recruited with 76 (cases, Hb-SS) and 76 (control, Hb-AA) to compare the data...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203345/sweet-s-syndrome-associated-with-clonal-hematopoiesis-of-indeterminate-potential-responsive-to-5-azacitidine
#10
REVIEW
George Yaghmour, Eric Wiedower, Bassam Yaghmour, Sara Nunnery, Eric Duncavage, Mike G Martin
Sweet's syndrome (SS) is a rare condition characterized by the abrupt appearance of painful skin lesions due to neutrophilic dermal infiltration. Hematologic neoplasms, particularly acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs), have been commonly reported in association with SS. Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) is an emerging entity that is a precursor state to myeloid neoplasms. CHIP has not been previously associated with SS. We report the case of a 71-year-old man who presented with recurrent, painful edematous and erythematous papules and nodules for 18 months despite treatment with corticosteroids...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203149/gene-gene-environment-interactions-of-serotonin-transporter-monoamine-oxidase-a-and-childhood-maltreatment-predict-aggressive-behavior-in-chinese-adolescents
#11
Yun Zhang, Qing-Sen Ming, Jin-Yao Yi, Xiang Wang, Qiao-Lian Chai, Shu-Qiao Yao
Gene-environment interactions that moderate aggressive behavior have been identified independently in the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene and monoamine oxidase A gene (MAOA). The aim of the present study was to investigate epistasis interactions between MAOA-variable number tandem repeat (VNTR), 5-HTTlinked polymorphism (LPR) and child abuse and the effects of these on aggressive tendencies in a group of otherwise healthy adolescents. A group of 546 Chinese male adolescents completed the Child Trauma Questionnaire and Youth self-report of the Child Behavior Checklist...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202350/chronic-social-instability-increases-anxiety-like-behavior-and-ethanol-preference-in-male-long-evans-rats
#12
Alyssa R Roeckner, Alexandra Bowling, Tracy R Butler
Chronic stress during adolescence is related to increased prevalence of anxiety disorders and alcohol use disorders in humans. This phenotype has been consistently recapitulated in animal models with male subjects, but models using female subjects are fewer. The aim of these studies was to test the hypothesis that chronic social instability (CSI) during adolescence engenders increased anxiety-like behavior, increased corticosterone, and greater ethanol intake and/or preference than control groups in male and female rats...
February 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201921/generalized-spin-ratio-scaled-mp2-method-for-accurate-prediction-of-intermolecular-interactions-for-neutral-and-ionic-species
#13
Samuel Tan, Santiago Barrera Acevedo, Ekaterina I Izgorodina
The accurate calculation of intermolecular interactions is important to our understanding of properties in large molecular systems. The high computational cost of the current "gold standard" method, coupled cluster with singles and doubles and perturbative triples (CCSD(T), limits its application to small- to medium-sized systems. Second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation (MP2) theory is a cheaper alternative for larger systems, although at the expense of its decreased accuracy, especially when treating van der Waals complexes...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196266/four-dimensional-microscope-integrated-optical-coherence-tomography-to-visualize-suture-depth-in-strabismus-surgery
#14
Neel D Pasricha, Paramjit K Bhullar, Christine Shieh, Oscar M Carrasco-Zevallos, Brenton Keller, Joseph A Izatt, Cynthia A Toth, Sharon F Freedman, Anthony N Kuo
The authors report the use of swept-source microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography (SS-MIOCT), capable of live four-dimensional (three-dimensional across time) intraoperative imaging, to directly visualize suture depth during lateral rectus resection. Key surgical steps visualized in this report included needle depth during partial and full-thickness muscle passes along with scleral passes. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2017;54:e1-e5.].
February 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196050/visualization-of-the-macula-in-gas-filled-eyes-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-versus-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#15
Seong Joon Ahn, Seung Hoon Park, Byung Ro Lee
PURPOSE: To compare the visualization of the macula between spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) in gas-filled eyes. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with common indications of gas tamponade, including 27 with macular holes and 34 with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, who were treated with vitrectomy and gas tamponade were imaged using both SD-OCT (3D-OCT 2000, Topcon, Tokyo, Japan) and SS-OCT (DRI-OCT, Topcon) at 1, 3, and 7 days after the surgery...
February 10, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195992/psychometric-properties-of-the-medical-outcomes-study-sleep-scale-in-spanish-postmenopausal-women
#16
Noelia Zagalaz-Anula, Fidel Hita-Contreras, Antonio Martínez-Amat, David Cruz-Díaz, Rafael Lomas-Vega
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the reliability and validity of the Spanish version of the Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale (MOS-SS), and its ability to discriminate between poor and good sleepers among a Spanish population with vestibular disorders. METHODS: In all, 121 women (50-76 years old) completed the Spanish version of the MOS-SS. Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity (exploratory factor analysis) were analyzed. Concurrent validity was evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey...
February 13, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195614/omega-sign-a-distinct-optical-coherence-tomography-finding-in-macular-combined-hamartoma-of-retina-and-retinal-pigment-epithelium
#17
Vinod Kumar, Rohan Chawla, Koushik Tripathy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To report a distinct optical coherence tomography (OCT) appearance of macular combined hamartoma of retina and retinal pigment epithelium (CHRRPE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of four eyes of four patients with macular CHRRPE who were assessed with the help of color fundus photographs, swept-source OCT (SS-OCT), and fundus fluorescein angiography wherever required. RESULTS: All four patients presented with decreased visual acuity...
February 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194750/differential-responses-of-human-dendritic-cells-to-metabolites-from-the-oral-airway-microbiome
#18
Katrine Whiteson, Sudhanshu Agrawal, Anshu Agrawal
Small molecule metabolites that are produced or altered by host-associated microbial communities are emerging as significant immune response modifiers. However, there is a key gap in our knowledge of how oral microbial metabolites affect the immune response. Here, we examined the effects of metabolites from five bacterial strains commonly found in the oral/airway microbial communities of humans. The five strains, each isolated from cystic fibrosis patient sputum, were Pseudomonas aeruginosa FLR01 non-mucoid (P1) and FLR02 mucoid (P2) forms, Streptococcus pneumoniae (Sp), Streptococcus salivarius (Ss), and Rothia mucilaginosa (Rm)...
February 14, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193045/contribution-of-ribonucleic-acid-rna-to-the-fourier-transform-infrared-ftir-spectrum-of-eukaryotic-cells
#19
Paolo Zucchiatti, Elisa Mitri, Saša Kenig, Fulvio Billè, George Kourousias, Diana Eva Bedolla, Lisa Vaccari
We report on an optimized protocol for the digestion of cellular RNA, which minimally affects the cell membrane integrity, maintaining substantially unaltered the vibrational contributions of the other cellular macromolecules. The design of this protocol allowed us to collect the first Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra of intact hydrated B16 mouse melanoma cells deprived of RNA and to highlight the in-cell diagnostic spectral features of it. Complementing the cellular results with the FTIR analysis of extracted RNA, ds-DNA, ss-cDNA and isolated nuclei, we verified that the spectral component centered at ∼1220 cm(-1) is a good qualitative and semiquantitative marker of cellular DNA, since it is minimally affected by cellular RNA removal...
December 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192795/wide-field-en-face-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-features-of-extrafoveal-retinoschisis-in-highly-myopic-eyes
#20
Wei Xiao, Zhuoting Zhu, Capucine Odouard, Ou Xiao, Xinxing Guo, Mingguang He
Purpose: To evaluate the features of extrafoveal retinoschisis (EFRS) in highly myopic eyes detected by swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Methods: In this retrospective case series, 89 eyes of 65 patients with high myopia and coexisting EFRS were included. The participants underwent a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination, including visual acuity, ocular biometry, refraction, and perimetry. Three-dimensional wide-field scans were obtained with SS-OCT, and en face images were reconstructed with custom software...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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