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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931221/modeling-of-us-human-papillomavirus-hpv-seroprevalence-by-age-and-sexual-behavior-indicates-an-increasing-trend-of-hpv-infection-following-the-sexual-revolution
#1
Marc D Ryser, Anne Rositch, Patti E Gravitt
Background: The United States has experienced an increase in the incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers that are not screen-detectable. It has been hypothesized, but not directly demonstrated, that this is due to increasing HPV prevalence in the unvaccinated population. Methods: Female self-reported numbers of lifetime sex partners and HPV serology from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to develop mathematical models of sexual partner acquisition and antibody dynamics...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930769/acute-alcohol-consumption-directly-increases-hiv-transmission-risk-a-randomized-controlled-experiment
#2
Paul A Shuper, Narges Joharchi, Peter M Monti, Mona Loutfy, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption has frequently been purported as a driver of condomless sex and HIV transmission, but to date, experimental evidence for the causal risk-taking impact of alcohol among HIV-positive populations is lacking. The present experiment sought to determine whether acute alcohol consumption has a direct causal impact on condomless sex intentions among HIV-positive men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM), and to assess whether alcohol's impact differs between MSM who are HIV-positive versus HIV-negative...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929893/long-term-health-outcomes-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-peer-sexual-contact-among-an-urban-sample-of-behaviourally-bisexual-latino-men
#3
Brian Mattera, Ethan C Levine, Omar Martinez, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, José Bauermeister, M Isa Fernandez, Don Operario, Carlos Rodriguez-Diaz
While previous research indicates high rates of childhood sexual abuse among Latino men who have sex with men, few studies have examined the long-term health outcomes of childhood sexual abuse specifically among behaviourally bisexual Latino men. In a sample of 148 behaviourally bisexual Latino men in New York City, we examined associations between childhood sexual abuse and multiple dimensions of adult health: sexual risk behaviours; sexually transmitted infections incidence; polydrug use; depressive symptoms; and perceived stress...
September 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927341/perceived-need-of-and-interest-in-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-amongst-men-who-have-sex-with-men-attending-three-sexual-health-clinics-in-london-uk
#4
Lauren Bull, Pavle Dimitrijevic, Sophie Beverley, Alex Scarborough, Sundhiya Mandalia, Olamide Dosekun, Tristan Barber, Iain Reeves, Sheena McCormack, Michael Rayment
HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has proven efficacy in reducing the risk of HIV infection in men who have sex with men (MSM), but has not yet been commissioned in the UK. The aim of this study was to investigate perceived need and benefit (or experience of) PrEP among HIV-negative MSM attending sexual health clinics. HIV-negative MSM attending three sexual health centres in London, UK were opportunistically invited to complete a questionnaire. Data collected comprised demographic data and sexual and drug use behaviours as well as questions regarding perceptions of risk and need for PrEP...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926406/risk-factors-for-anal-hsil-in-hiv-positive-msm-is-targeted-screening-possible
#5
Matthijs L Siegenbeek van Heukelom, Elske Marra, Henry J C de Vries, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff, Jan M Prins
OBJECTIVE: HIV-positive men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) are at increased risk for developing anal squamous cell carcinoma (aSCC). Detection of precursor lesions of anal cancer (anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions; HSIL) is cumbersome and expensive. Our objective was to identify potential risk factors for anal HSIL in HIV-positive MSM to develop more stringent screening criteria. DESIGN: We studied a cohort of MSM screened by high-resolution anoscopy (HRA) at three HIV clinics in Amsterdam, the Netherlands...
September 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923336/-sexual-behaviour-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-testing-in-university-students-from-cuzco-peru
#6
M Paz Bermúdez, M Teresa Ramiro, Inmaculada Teva, Tamara Ramiro-Sánchez, Gualberto Buela-Casal
OBJECTIVE: To analyse sexual behaviour, HIV testing, HIV testing intentions and reasons for not testing for HIV in university students from Cuzco (Peru). METHODS: The sample comprised 1,377 university students from several institutions from Cuzco (Peru). The size of the sample was set according to a maximum 3% error estimation and a 97% confidence interval. Ages ranged from 16 to 30 years old. The data were collected through a self-administered, anonymous and voluntary questionnaire regarding sexual behaviour and HIV testing...
September 15, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919303/acquisition-of-wild-type-hiv-1-infection-in-a-patient-on-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-with-high-intracellular-concentrations-of-tenofovir-diphosphate-a-case-report
#7
Elske Hoornenborg, Maria Prins, Roel C A Achterbergh, Lycke R Woittiez, Marion Cornelissen, Suzanne Jurriaans, Neeltje A Kootstra, Peter L Anderson, Peter Reiss, Henry J C de Vries, Jan M Prins, Godelieve J de Bree
BACKGROUND: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate is highly effective against acquisition of HIV infection, and only two cases of infection with a multidrug-resistant virus have been reported under adequate long-term adherence, as evidenced by tenofovir diphosphate concentrations in dried blood spots. We report a case of wild-type HIV-1 infection despite consistent use of emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. METHODS: The patient participated in the Amsterdam PrEP project, a demonstration project of daily and event-driven PrEP...
September 14, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915919/project-lifeskills-a-randomized-controlled-efficacy-trial-of-a-culturally-tailored-empowerment-based-and-group-delivered-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-young-transgender-women-study-protocol
#8
Lisa M Kuhns, Matthew J Mimiaga, Sari L Reisner, Katie Biello, Robert Garofalo
BACKGROUND: Transgender women in the U.S. have an alarmingly high incidence rate of HIV infection; condomless anal and vaginal sex is the primary risk behavior driving transmission. Young transgender women are the subpopulation at the highest risk for HIV. Despite this, there are no published randomized controlled efficacy trials testing interventions to reduce sexual risk for HIV among this group. This paper describes the design of a group-based intervention trial to reduce sexual risk for HIV acquisition and transmission in young transgender women...
September 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906006/prevalence-of-anal-oral-penile-and-urethral-human-papillomavirus-in-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#9
Claudio Ucciferri, Manuela Tamburro, Katia Falasca, Michela Lucia Sammarco, Giancarlo Ripabelli, Jacopo Vecchiet
Aims of the study were to evaluate Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and type-specific prevalence in four anatomical sites in HIV infected men who have sex with men (MSM) compared with HIV uninfected MSM. Participants were recruited among the attendees of Infectious Diseases Clinics in Central Italy. A trained medical practitioner collected by interview sociodemographic data and information on medical history, sexual behavior and drug use. Swabs from anal canal, oral cavity, urethral mucosa and coronal sulcus were tested for HPV DNA and genotyping...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902857/willingness-to-use-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-malaysia-findings-from-an-online-survey
#10
Sin How Lim, Gitau Mburu, Adam Bourne, Joselyn Pang, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Clayton Koh Thuan Wei, Ilias Adam Yee, Bangyuan Wang, Matteo Cassolato, Iskandar Azwa
OBJECTIVE: We examined willingness to use pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Malaysia. METHODS: An online survey of 990 MSM was conducted between March and April 2016. Eligibility criteria included being biological male, Malaysian citizen, 18 years of age or above, identifying as MSM, and being HIV negative or unknown status. Participants' demographics, sexual and drug use behaviors, attitudes towards PrEP, and preferences regarding future access to PrEP were collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876311/human-immunodeficiency-virus-status-differentially-associated-with-genital-and-anal-human-papillomavirus-infection-among-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Han-Zhu Qian, Yifei Hu, James G Carlucci, Lu Yin, Xiangwei Li, Anna R Giuliano, Dongliang Li, Lei Gao, Yiming Shao, Sten H Vermund
BACKGROUND: Little is known about human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and genotypes when considering both anatomic site and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status among men who have sex with men (MSM) in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among MSM in Beijing, China. HIV serostatus was determined, and genital and anal HPV genotyping were performed from respective swabs. RESULTS: Of 1155 MSM, 817 (70...
June 28, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876310/prevalence-of-anal-dysplasia-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-transgender-women
#12
Takaaki Kobayashi, Keith Sigel, Michael Gaisa
Although human immunodeficiency virus-infected men who have sex with men are at high risk for anal cancer, little is known about the prevalence of anal dysplasia in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected transgender women. Our study found that prevalence rates of abnormal anal cytology and histology in HIV-infected transgender women were similar to those in HIV-infected men who have sex with men.
June 28, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876301/longitudinal-findings-on-changes-in-and-the-link-between-hiv-related-communication-risky-sexual-behavior-and-relationship-status-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-living-with-hiv
#13
Julianne M Serovich, Tanja C Laschober, Monique J Brown, Judy A Kimberly
BACKGROUND: Reducing the risk of HIV transmission among men who have sex with men (MSM) is a national health priority. This study longitudinally examined changes in and the link between HIV-related communication, unprotected anal intercourse (UAI), and relationship status among MSM. METHODS: Data were obtained from 337 MSM living with HIV who participated in a randomized controlled study. Approximately equal percentages of men were randomized to either the disclosure intervention group or the attention control case management group...
July 19, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876289/neisseria-gonorrhoeae-transmission-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-an-anatomical-site-specific-mathematical-model-evaluating-the-potential-preventive-impact-of-mouthwash
#14
Lei Zhang, David G Regan, Eric P F Chow, Manoj Gambhir, Vincent Cornelisse, Andrew Grulich, Jason Ong, David A Lewis, Jane Hocking, Christopher K Fairley
BACKGROUND: Gonorrhoea notifications are rapidly rising in men who have sex with men (MSM). We developed a model to assess mouthwash as a novel intervention for gonorrhoea control. METHODS: We developed a model of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) transmission to explain anatomic site-specific prevalence of gonorrhoea among MSM. The model was calibrated to available epidemiological and behavioral data. We estimated the contribution of various sexual acts to gonorrhoea incidence and evaluate the potential impacts of screening scale-up and utilization of mouthwash on the gonorrhoea epidemic...
August 22, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876283/correlates-of-self-reported-viral-suppression-among-hiv-positive-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-participating-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-internet-based-hiv-prevention-intervention
#15
Timothy William Menza, Seul-Ki Choi, Sara LeGrand, Kate Muessig, Lisa Hightow-Weidman
BACKGROUND: Young, black men who have sex with men are disproportionately impacted by the US HIV epidemic, and HIV-positive, young, black men who have sex with men face stark disparities in HIV clinical outcomes. METHODS: We performed an observational analysis of the 199 HIV-positive black men aged 18 to 30 years followed up for 12 months in healthMpowerment, a randomized controlled trial of an Internet-based HIV prevention intervention, to identify time-varying correlates of self-reported viral suppression using relative risk (RR) regression...
August 30, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856456/the-associations-of-resilience-and-hiv-risk-behaviors-among-black-gay-bisexual-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-the-deep-south-the-mari-study
#16
Obie S McNair, June A Gipson, Damian Denson, Darwin V Thompson, Madeline Y Sutton, DeMarc A Hickson
Resilience is an understudied intrapersonal factor that may reduce HIV risk among men who have sex with men (MSM). Multivariable Poisson regression models were used to estimate the prevalence ratio (PR) of sexual risk behaviors, HIV prevalence, and history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) with resilience scores in a population-based study among 364 black MSM in the Deep South. Participants with higher resilience scores had a lower prevalence of condomless anal sex with casual sexual partners in past 12 months (PR = 0...
August 30, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843621/early-detection-of-hiv-infection-and-of-asymptomatic-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
Josep Coll, Sebastián Videla, Agathe Leon, Arelly Ornelas, Felipe García, Emma Fernández, José Luis Blanco, Antonio Carrillo, Isabel Bravo, Michael Meulbroek, Francesc García-Cuyas, Victoria González, Jordi Casabona, Lorna Leal, Bonaventura Clotet, Christian Brander
OBJECTIVE: To provide data on incidence of early diagnosis of HIV infections and define prevalence and incidence of asymptomatic STI in MSM. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of HIV-uninfected MSM at high-risk for HIV-infection. Participants were selected through a risk-assessment questionnaire, and screened for HIV-infection (quarterly) and for other STIs (yearly): syphilis, hepatitis A, B and C (serology); C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae in penis and rectum and Human Papillomavirus in anus and mouth (PCR)...
August 23, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842553/changing-epidemic-of-hiv-and-syphilis-among-resident-and-migrant-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-jiangsu-china
#18
Yuheng Chen, Weiming Tang, Lusi Chen, Lingen Shi, Xiaoyan Liu, Jinshui Xu, Haiyang Hu, Haitao Yang, Xiping Huan, Gengfeng Fu
Men who have sex with men (MSM) in China face high rates of HIV and syphilis infection exacerbated by internal migration. Studies on the differences of HIV and syphilis epidemics changing trends in high-risk behaviors and geographic distribution between resident and migrant MSM in Jiangsu, China were conducted. MSM were recruited from 14 surveillance sites in the serial cross-sectional study. Data on demographics, sexual behaviors, HIV and syphilis prevalence were collected. Participants were classified as residents or migrants based on household registration...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841901/outcome-of-colon-cancer-initially-presenting-as-colon-perforation-and-obstruction
#19
Tsung-Ming Chen, Yen-Ta Huang, Guan-Chyuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Emergency complications of colon cancer include perforation and obstruction which were recognized as poor prognostic factors. Few studies have directly compared the outcomes of these two groups. In this study, we evaluated mortality and morbidity in patients with colon cancer initially presenting as perforation and obstruction. METHODS: Newly diagnosed colon cancer cases initially presenting with perforation or obstruction at Tzu Chi General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan, between 2009 and 2015 were included...
August 25, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841895/the-relationships-of-school-based-sexuality-education-sexual-knowledge-and-sexual-behaviors-a-study-of-18-000-chinese-college-students
#20
Chunyan Li, Zixi Cheng, Taiwen Wu, Xiao Liang, Junjian Gaoshan, Lihe Li, Ping Hong, Kun Tang
BACKGROUND: A growing prevalence of unexpected pregnancies and younger age of sexual debut is observed among Chinese young people, while they lack formal sexuality education from schools and parents. It is necessary to measure their knowledge level of sexual and reproductive health, and how such knowledge associates with their sexual behaviors and reproductive health outcomes, which would shed light on the effectiveness of sexuality education in China. METHODS: An Internet-based questionnaire survey was conducted from January to August, 2015...
August 25, 2017: Reproductive Health
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