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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918371/willems-method-of-dental-age-estimation-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
J S Sehrawat, Monika Singh
BACKGROUND: Age estimation from dental developmental stages is considered comparatively more accurate, reliable and precise than other methods used in forensic sciences. Willems method is the revised version of Demirjian method, based on modified dental maturity scores to estimate age of children in years for both the sexes. AIMS: To test the applicability and accuracy level of Willems method of dental age estimation in diverse population samples by quantifying the variations between the chronological and estimated ages of an individual...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918336/total-and-cytosolic-concentrations-of-twenty-metals-metalloids-in-the-liver-of-brown-trout-salmo-trutta-linnaeus-1758-from-the-karstic-croatian-river-krka
#2
Zrinka Dragun, Vlatka Filipović Marijić, Nesrete Krasnići, Dušica Ivanković, Damir Valić, Jakov Žunić, Damir Kapetanović, Irena Vardić Smrzlić, Zuzana Redžović, Ivana Grgić, Marijana Erk
Total and cytosolic concentrations of twenty metals/metalloids in the liver of brown trout Salmo trutta (Linnaeus, 1758) were studied in the period from April 2015 to May 2016 at two sampling sites on Croatian river Krka, to establish if river water contamination with metals/metalloids downstream of Knin town has influenced metal bioaccumulation in S. trutta liver. Differences were observed between two sites, with higher concentrations of several elements (Ag, As, Ca, Co, Na, Se, Sr, V) found downstream of Knin town, whereas few others (Cd, Cs, Mo, Tl) were, unexpectedly, increased at the Krka River spring...
September 14, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918269/excess-social-media-use-in-normal-populations-is-associated-with-amygdala-striatal-but-not-with-prefrontal-morphology
#3
Qinghua He, Ofir Turel, Damien Brevers, Antoine Bechara
This study aims to investigate the gray matter volume (GMV) of key neural systems possibly associated with Excess Social Media Use (ESMU) in the general user population. It employs a sex-balanced case (relatively high ESMU scores) - control (relatively low ESMU scores) design with 50 random university students who have reported varying levels of ESMU. The case and control groups included 25 subjects each. Brain volumes were calculated with Voxel-Based Morphometry techniques applied to structural MRI scans. Results based on voxel-wise and region-of-interest (ROI) analyses showed that the case group had reduced GMV in the bilateral amygdala and right ventral striatum...
September 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918242/predictive-value-of-thomsen-friedenreich-antigen-activation-for-streptococcus-pneumoniae-infection-and-severity-in-pediatric-lobar-pneumonia
#4
Chia-Jung Chang, Nan-Chang Chiu, Fu-Yuan Huang, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Lung Chang, Ching-Ying Huang, Yen-Hsin Kung, Hsin Chi
BACKGROUND: Most cases of complicated pneumonia in children are caused by pneumococcal infections. Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen (TA) is present on erythrocytes, platelets and glomeruli, and it can be activated during pneumococcal infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of TA activation for pneumococcal infection and association with the severity of complicated pneumonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with lobar pneumonia were routinely tested for TA at the Department of Pediatrics, Mackay Memorial Hospital from January 2010 to December 2015...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918170/lifestyle-predictors-of-obese-and-non-obese-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Joo Hee Kwak, Dae Won Jun, Seung Min Lee, Yong Kyun Cho, Kang Nyeong Lee, Hang Lak Lee, Oh Young Lee, Ho Soon Choi, Byung Chul Yoon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Most people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are obese, and they usually eat more while being less physically active as compared to healthy individuals. However, little is known about the lifestyle patterns of non-obese or obese patients with NAFLD. The aim of this study was to investigate nutrition components and behavioral differences between non-obese and obese patients with NAFLD. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study comprising of 209 patients...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918166/high-expression-of-cxc-chemokine-receptor-6-associates-with-poor-prognosis-in-patients-with-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#6
Yuan Chang, Lin Zhou, Le Xu, Qiang Fu, Yuanfeng Yang, Zongming Lin, Jiejie Xu
PURPOSE: Accumulating evidence indicates that CXC chemokine receptor 6 (CXCR6) has a crucial role in cancer development and progression, however, its role in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) remains obscure. The aim of this study is to investigate the prognostic value of CXCR6 expression in patients with ccRCC following surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively included 239 patients with ccRCC who underwent nephrectomy and had paraffin tissue available at a single center...
September 13, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918090/sex-differences-in-outcomes-after-stroke-in-patients-with-diabetes-in-ontario-canada
#7
Mandip S Dhamoon, John W Liang, Limei Zhou, Melissa Stamplecoski, Moira K Kapral, Baiju R Shah
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after stroke in those with diabetes are not well characterized, especially by sex and age. We sought to calculate the sex- and age-specific risk of cardiovascular outcomes after ischemic stroke among those with diabetes. METHODS: Using population-based demographic and administrative health-care databases in Ontario, Canada, all patients with diabetes hospitalized with index ischemic stroke between April 1, 2002, and March 31, 2012, were followed for death, stroke, and myocardial infarction (MI)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918089/urinary-incontinence-and-indwelling-urinary-catheters-as-predictors-of-death-after-new-onset-stroke-a-report-of-the-south-london-stroke-register
#8
Gregor John, Steve Primmaz, Siobhan Crichton, Charles Wolfe
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between indwelling urinary catheters (IUCs), urinary incontinence (UI), and death in the poststroke period and to determine when, after the neurological event, UI has the best ability to predict 1-year mortality. METHODS: In a prospective observational study, 4477 patients were followed up for 1 year after a first-ever stroke. The impact of UI or urinary catheters on time to death was adjusted in a Cox model for age, sex, Glasgow Coma Scale, prestroke and poststroke Barthel Index, swallow test, motor deficit, diabetes, and year of inclusion...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918063/a-pca-based-method-for-determining-craniofacial-relationship-and-sexual-dimorphism-of-facial-shapes
#9
Wuyang Shui, Mingquan Zhou, Steve Maddock, Taiping He, Xingce Wang, Qingqiong Deng
Previous studies have used principal component analysis (PCA) to investigate the craniofacial relationship, as well as sex determination using facial factors. However, few studies have investigated the extent to which the choice of principal components (PCs) affects the analysis of craniofacial relationship and sexual dimorphism. In this paper, we propose a PCA-based method for visual and quantitative analysis, using 140 samples of 3D heads (70 male and 70 female), produced from computed tomography (CT) images...
September 7, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917410/influence-of-yellow-filters-on-straylight-measurements
#10
Anne van Os, Mark J C Stassen, Marie-José Tassignon, Jos J Rozema
PURPOSE: To determine whether the yellow filters often used for glare reduction influence retinal straylight measured in healthy eyes. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: For each eye, the spherical equivalent (SE) was determined using an autorefractometer, followed by 5 straylight measurements taken with the compensation-comparison method...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917245/a-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-in-transferrin-is-associated-with-soluble-transferrin-receptor-in-chinese-adolescents
#11
Wei Piao, Li Wang, Ting Zhang, Zhen Wang, Shaofang Shangguan, Jing Sun, Junsheng Huo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Associations between genetic variants in the hepcidin regulation pathway and iron status have been reported in previous studies. Most of these studies were conducted in populations of European descent and relatively few studies have been conducted in Chinese populations. In this study, we evaluated associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the hepcidin regulation pathway, serum ferritin (SF) and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) in Chinese adolescents...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917217/post-operative-c-reactive-protein-profile-following-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-with-transversus-abdominis-posterior-components-separation
#12
A Pearce, L Thornton, P A Sutton, C J Walsh
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal wall reconstruction using posterior component separation with transversus abdominis release (AWTAR) produces a unique post-operative CRP profile, when compared to routine elective colorectal operations. Therefore, we aim to establish the normal post-operative C-reactive protein (poCRP) profile following AWRTAR and reduce the unnecessary invasive interventions in patients already at greater risk of septic complications. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of daily poCRP levels was performed both for patients who underwent uncomplicated AWRTAR (n=12), and a comparator group of uncomplicated open right hemicolectomies (RH) matched for age and sex (n=24)...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917011/prevalence-predictors-and-prognostic-implications-of-pr-interval-prolongation-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#13
Theodora Nikolaidou, Pierpaolo Pellicori, Jufen Zhang, Syed Kazmi, Kevin M Goode, John G Cleland, Andrew L Clark
AIMS: To determine the prevalence, incidence, predictors, and prognostic implications of PR interval prolongation in patients referred with suspected heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients referred with suspected heart failure were prospectively enrolled. After excluding patients with implantable cardiac devices and atrial fibrillation, 1420 patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HeFREF) [age: median 71 (interquartile range IQR 63-78) years; men: 71%; NT-ProBNP: 1319 (583-3378) ng/L], 1094 with heart failure and normal ejection fraction (HeFNEF) [age: 76 (70-82) years; men: 47%; NT-ProBNP: 547 (321-1171) ng/L], and 1150 without heart failure [age: 68 (60-75) years; men: 51%; NT-ProBNP: 86 (46-140) ng/L] were included...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916936/does-diabetes-mellitus-comorbidity-affect-in-hospital-mortality-and-length-of-stay-analysis-of-administrative-data-in-an-italian-academic-hospital
#14
Francesca Valent, Laura Tonutti, Franco Grimaldi
AIMS: Hospitalized patients with comorbid diabetes mellitus may have worse outcomes than the others. We conducted a study to assess whether comorbid diabetes affects in-hospital mortality and length of stay. METHODS: For this population-based study, we analyzed the administrative databases of the Regional Health Information System of the Region Friuli Venezia Giulia, where the Hospital of Udine is located. Hospital discharge data were linked at the individual patient level with the regional Diabetes Mellitus Registry to identify diabetic patients...
September 15, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916604/coronary-perforation-complicating-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-a-history-of-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-an-analysis-of-309-perforation-cases-from-the-british-cardiovascular-intervention-society-database
#15
Tim Kinnaird, Richard Anderson, Nick Ossei-Gerning, James Cockburn, Alex Sirker, Peter Ludman, Mark de Belder, Thomas W Johnson, Samuel Copt, Azfar Zaman, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: The evidence base for coronary perforation (CP) occurring during percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with a history of coronary artery bypass surgery (PCI-CABG) is limited and the long-term effects unclear. Using a national PCI database, the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of CP during PCI-CABG were defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were analyzed on all PCI-CABG procedures performed in England and Wales between 2005 and 2013. Multivariate logistic regressions and propensity scores were used to identify predictors of CP and its association with outcomes...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916533/sex-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-genetic-mutations-in-ftd-and-als-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Ashley F Curtis, Mario Masellis, Ging-Yuek Robin Hsiung, Rahim Moineddin, Kathy Zhang, Bonnie Au, Geneva Millett, Ian Mackenzie, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Mary C Tierney
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a meta-analysis that investigates sex differences in the prevalence of mutations in the 3 most common genes that cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD)-chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 (C9orf72), progranulin (GRN), or microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT)-in patients clinically diagnosed with these conditions. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO databases were searched (inception to June 30, 2016)...
September 15, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916482/disposition-of-treosulfan-and-its-active-monoepoxide-in-a-bone-marrow-liver-lungs-brain-and-muscle-studies-in-a-rat-model-with-clinical-relevance
#17
Michał Romański, Anna Kasprzyk, Mateusz Walczak, Agnieszka Ziółkowska, Franciszek Główka
For the recent years, the application of treosulfan (TREO)-based conditioning prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been increasing as an alternative to busulfan-based therapy, especially for patients presenting high risk of developing hepato-, pulmo-, and neurotoxicity. So far, the penetration of TREO and its epoxy-derivatives into central nervous system and aqueous humor of the eye has been investigated. However, lacking knowledge on the compounds distribution into the other key tissues precludes comprehensive understanding and assessment of TREO clinical efficacy and toxicity...
September 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916432/rituximab-as-induction-therapy-in-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-refractory-to-conventional-immunosuppressive-treatment-a-36-month-follow-up-analysis
#18
Jens Thiel, Arianna Troilo, Ulrich Salzer, Theresa Schleyer, Kirsten Halmschlag, Marta Rizzi, Natalie Frede, Ana Venhoff, Reinhard E Voll, Nils Venhoff
BACKGROUND: Rituximab (RTX) is approved for induction therapy of granulomatosis with polyangiitis and microscopic polyangiitis. In eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), organ-threatening manifestations are mainly treated with cyclophosphamide (CYC). RTX as treatment in EGPA has been described in small case series; however long-term data and the efficacy of RTX in EGPA refractory to CYC have not been reported yet. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy and safety of RTX and conventional immunosuppressive therapy with CYC in EGPA as induction therapy and during long-term follow-up...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915998/predictors-of-humoral-response-to-recommended-vaccines-in-hiv-infected-adults
#19
Olga Tsachouridou, Eirini Christaki, Lemonia Skoura, Adamantini Georgiou, Sideris Nanoudis, Dimitra Vasdeki, Maria-Anna Ntziovara, Georgia Kotoreni, Evropi Forozidou, Paraskevi Tsoukra, Georgios Germanidis, Symeon Metallidis
Humoral response to vaccination has been found to be inadequate in individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We retrospectively assessed antibody responses to three routinely recommended vaccines, against hepatitis B, hepatitis A and S. pneumoniae, in HIV-infected individuals. Data regarding age at HIV diagnosis, years of infection, sex, nationality, HIV mode of transmission, CD4 cell count, nadir CD4 count, plasma viral load, HIV stage, insurance status, educational level and treatment with Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) were collected...
October 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915993/marching-to-a-different-drummer-a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-young-adolescents-who-challenge-gender-norms
#20
Chunyan Yu, Xiayun Zuo, Robert W Blum, Deborah L Tolman, Anna Kågesten, Kristin Mmari, Sara De Meyer, Kristien Michielsen, Sharmistha Basu, Rajib Acharya, Qiguo Lian, Chaohua Lou
PURPOSE: Little is known about how gender norms regulate adolescents' lives across different cultural settings. This study aims to illustrate what is considered as violating gender norms for boys and girls in four urban poor sites as well as the consequences that follow the challenging of gender norms. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Global Early Adolescent Study, a 15-country collaboration to explore gender norms and health in early adolescence. The current study analyzed narrative and in-depth interviews conducted in urban poor sites in two middle-income (Shanghai, China; and New Delhi, India) and two high-income countries (Baltimore, U...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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