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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149452/contextual-and-individual-determinants-of-periodontal-disease-multilevel-analysis-based-on-andersen-s-model
#1
Maria I B Valente, Mario V Vettore
AIM: To investigate the relationship of contextual and individual factors with periodontal disease in dentate adults and older people using the Andersen's behavioural model. METHODS: Secondary individual data from 6011 adults and 2369 older people from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (2010) were combined with contextual data for 27 cities. Attachment loss (AL) categories for each sextant were coded and summed to obtain the periodontal disease measure. The association of predisposing, enabling and need characteristics at city and individual level with periodontal disease was assessed using an adapted version of the Andersen's behavioural model...
November 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149399/overcoming-hiv-stigma-a-qualitative-analysis-of-hiv-cure-research-and-stigma-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-living-with-hiv
#2
Feng Wu, Alice Zhang, Andrew Babbitt, Qingyan Ma, Nir Eyal, Xin Pan, Weiping Cai, Fengyu Hu, Yu Cheng, Joseph D Tucker
Despite global progress in HIV stigma reduction, persistent HIV stigma thwarts effective HIV service delivery. Advances in HIV biomedical research toward a cure may shift perceptions of people living with HIV and HIV stigma. The purpose of this study was to examine how men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV in Guangzhou, China perceive HIV cure research and its potential impact on MSM and HIV stigma. We conducted in-depth interviews with 26 MSM living with HIV about their perceptions of HIV cure research and the potential impact of an HIV cure on their lives...
November 17, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149269/effects-of-a-healthy-eater-self-schema-and-nutrition-literacy-on-healthy-eating-behaviors-among-taiwanese-college-students
#3
Chia-Kuei Lee, Li-Ling Liao, I-Ju Lai, Li-Chun Chang
Unhealthy eating behaviors contribute to obesity and chronic illness. This study examined the relative contributions of a healthy-eater self-schema (a self-conception as a healthy eater) and nutrition literacy on healthy-eating behaviors and whether nutrition literacy was a mediator among Taiwanese college students. A total of 1216 undergraduate students from six universities in Taiwan participated in the study from April to June 2016. Healthy-eating behaviors, nutrition literacy, healthy-eater self-schema and known determinants of eating behaviors (e...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149236/mutations-affecting-glycinergic-neurotransmission-in-hyperekplexia-increase-pain-sensitivity
#4
Pascal Henri Vuilleumier, Raphael Fritsche, Jürg Schliessbach, Bernhard Schmitt, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Hanns Ulrich Zeilhofer, Michele Curatolo
Inhibitory interneurons in the spinal cord use glycine and GABA for fast inhibitory neurotransmission. While there is abundant research on these inhibitory pain pathways in animal models, their relevance in humans remains unclear, largely due to the limited possibility to manipulate selectively these pathways in humans. Hyperekplexia is a rare human disease that is caused by loss-of-function mutations in genes encoding for glycine receptors and glycine transporters. In the present study, we tested whether hyperekplexia patients display altered pain perception or central pain modulation compared with healthy subjects...
November 15, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149219/characterization-and-classification-of-lupus-patients-based-on-plasma-thermograms
#5
Nichola C Garbett, Guy N Brock, Jonathan B Chaires, Chongkham S Mekmaysy, Lynn DeLeeuw, Kathy L Sivils, John B Harley, Brad H Rovin, K B Kulasekera, Wael N Jarjour
OBJECTIVE: Plasma thermograms (thermal stability profiles of blood plasma) are being utilized as a new diagnostic approach for clinical assessment. In this study, we investigated the ability of plasma thermograms to classify systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients versus non SLE controls using a sample of 300 SLE and 300 control subjects from the Lupus Family Registry and Repository. Additionally, we evaluated the heterogeneity of thermograms along age, sex, ethnicity, concurrent health conditions and SLE diagnostic criteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148792/proteomic-markers-of-the-functional-sperm-population-in-bovines-1-comparison-of-low-and-high-density-spermatozoa-following-cryopreservation
#6
Olivier D'Amours, Gilles Frenette, Sylvie Bourassa, Ezequiel Calvo, Patrick Blondin, Robert Sullivan
Mammalian semen contains a heterogeneous population of sperm cells. This heterogeneity results from variability in the complex processes of cell differentiation in the testis, biochemical modifications undergone by spermatozoa during transit along the male reproductive tract, interactions with secretions from accessory sex glands at ejaculation, and, in the context of reproductive technologies, in the ability of ejaculated spermatozoa to resist damage associated with freeze-thaw procedures. When submitted to density gradient centrifugation, ejaculated spermatozoa distribute themselves into two distinct populations: a low-density population characterized by low motility parameters, and a high-density population with high motility characteristics...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148424/effect-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-on-organ-damage-and-mortality-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-longitudinal-analysis
#7
Chi Chiu Mok, Sau Mei Tse, Kar Li Chan, Ling Yin Ho
OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) on organ damage and mortality in patients with SLE. METHODS: Consecutive patients who fulfilled ≥4 ACR criteria for SLE were assessed for the MetS in October 2010. The MetS was defined by the updated joint consensus criteria, using the Asian criteria for central obesity. Longitudinal data on organ damage and mortality were retrieved. The association between MetS and new damage and mortality was studied by logistic regression...
October 18, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148252/sex-hormone-binding-globulin-shbg-is-a-potential-early-diagnostic-biomarker-for-gastric-cancer
#8
Chao-Wen Cheng, Che-Chang Chang, Yudha Nur Patria, Ruei-Ting Chang, Yun-Ru Liu, Fu-An Li, Hsiu-Ming Shih, Ching-Yu Lin
The use of blood plasma biomarkers in gastric cancer (GC) management is limited due to a lack of reliable biomarkers. An LC-MS/MS assay and a bioinformatic analysis were performed to identify blood plasma biomarkers in a GC discovery cohort. The data obtained were verified and validated by western blotting and an ELISA in an independent study cohort. A label-free quantification analysis of the MS data using PEAKS7 software found that four plasma proteins of apolipoprotein C-1, gelsolin, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and complement component C4-A were significantly overexpressed in GC patients...
November 17, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148039/3d-analysis-of-sexual-dimorphism-in-size-shape-and-breathing-kinematics-of-human-lungs
#9
Nicole Torres-Tamayo, Daniel García-Martínez, Stephanie Lois Zlolniski, Isabel Torres-Sánchez, Francisco García-Río, Markus Bastir
Sexual dimorphism in the human respiratory system has been previously reported at the skeletal (cranial and thoracic) level, but also at the pulmonary level. Regarding lungs, foregoing studies have yielded sex-related differences in pulmonary size as well as lung shape details, but different methodological approaches have led to discrepant results on differences in respiratory patterns between males and females. The purpose of this study is to analyse sexual dimorphism in human lungs during forced respiration using 3D geometric morphometrics...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147897/vacuum-assisted-wound-closure-with-mesh-mediated-fascial-traction-achieves-better-outcomes-than-vacuum-assisted-wound-closure-alone-a-comparative-study
#10
Giuseppe Salamone, Leo Licari, Giovanni Guercio, Albert Comelli, Mirko Mangiapane, Nicolò Falco, Roberta Tutino, Noemi Bagarella, Sofia Campanella, Calogero Porrello, Roberto Gullo, Gianfranco Cocorullo, Gaspare Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Open abdomen (OA) permits the application of damage control surgery principles when abdominal trauma, sepsis, severe acute peritonitis and abdominal compartmental syndrome (ACS) occur. METHODS: Non-traumatic patients treated with OA between January 2010 and December 2015 were identified in a prospective database, and the data collected were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' records were collected from charts and the surgical and intensive care unit (ICU) registries...
November 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147879/increased-risk-for-colon-polyps-in-patients-with-reflux-disease
#11
Amnon Sonnenberg, Kevin O Turner, Robert M Genta
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found an increased risk for colonic neoplasm in patients with Barrett's esophagus. It is unknown whether such risk applies similarly to other types of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). AIMS: To test whether GERD represents a risk factor for the occurrence of colon polyps. METHODS: The Miraca Life Sciences Database is a large national electronic repository of histopathologic records of patients distributed throughout the entire USA...
November 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147778/genome-wide-investigation-of-transcription-factors-provides-insights-into-transcriptional-regulation-in-plutella-xylostella
#12
Qian Zhao, Dongna Ma, Yuping Huang, Weiyi He, Yiying Li, Liette Vasseur, Minsheng You
Transcription factors (TFs), which play a vital role in regulating gene expression, are prevalent in all organisms and characterization of them may provide important clues for understanding regulation in vivo. The present study reports a genome-wide investigation of TFs in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), a worldwide pest of crucifers. A total of 940 TFs distributed among 133 families were identified. Phylogenetic analysis of insect species showed that some of these families were found to have expanded during the evolution of P...
November 16, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147670/isokinetic-extension-strength-is-associated-with-single-leg-vertical-jump-height
#13
Felix Fischer, Cornelia Blank, Tobias Dünnwald, Peter Gföller, Elmar Herbst, Christian Hoser, Christian Fink
Background: Isokinetic strength testing is an important tool in the evaluation of the physical capacities of athletes as well as for decision making regarding return to sports after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in both athletes and the lay population. However, isokinetic testing is time consuming and requires special testing equipment. Hypothesis: A single-jump test, regardless of leg dominance, may provide information regarding knee extension strength through the use of correlation analysis of jump height and peak torque of isokinetic muscle strength...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147121/ambient-air-pollution-and-daily-hospital-admissions-for-cardiovascular-diseases-in-arak-iran
#14
Mostafa Vahedian, Narges Khanjani, Moghaddameh Mirzaee, Ali Koolivand
BACKGROUND: Outdoor air pollution has been considered as one of the most serious health concerns over the last decade. This study aimed to investigate the association between ambient air pollution and cardiovascular hospital admissions. METHODS: This investigation was carried out from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015, in the urban population of Arak, Iran. Daily records of concentrations of air pollutants including particulate matter less than 10 µm (PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter less than 2...
May 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146987/homocysteine-in-retinal-artery-occlusive-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#15
Xuetao Huang, Yezhen Yang, Yiqin Duan, Yi-Qun Kuang, Ding Lin
Few studies have reported the relationship between retinal artery occlusion (RAO) and plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels. Our goal was to evaluate the association between the plasma Hcy level and the risk of RAO disease. Several databases were searched for all published studies that involved Hcy and RAO. Six studies evaluated hyperhomocysteinemia (hHcy) in retinal artery occlusion patients and controls; the incidence of hHcy in patients with RAO was higher than the control and the pooled odds ratio (OR) was 6...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146891/heart-transplantation-and-risk-of-cardiac-vasculopathy-development-what-factors-are-important
#16
Małgorzata Sobieszczańska-Małek, Jerzy Korewicki, Krzysztof Komuda, Małgorzata Karczmarz, Sylwia Szymańska, Alicja Cicha-Mikołajczyk, Paweł Bekta, Adam Parulski, Maciej Pronicki, Wiesława Grajkowska, Grzegorz Małek, Przemysław Leszek, Maria Kaczorowska, Mariusz Kuśmierczyk, Tomasz Zieliński
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to find the main risk factors for development of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV), especially factors identified before the surgical procedure and factors related to the recipient profile and the medical history of the donor. MATERIAL AND METHODS There were 147 patients who had heart transplantation (HT) included in this study: mean age was 45.8±15.3 years. All study patients had coronary angiography after HT. Analyzed risk factors were: non-immunologic recipient risk factors (age of transplantation, smoking, hypertension, lipids, diabetes, obesity and weight gain after HT), immunologic recipient risk factors (acute cellular rejection (ACR), acute humoral rejection (AMR), cytomegalovirus (CMV) episodes), and donor-related risk factors (age, sex, catecholamine usage, ischemic time, compatibility of sex and blood groups, cause of death, cardiac arrest)...
November 17, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146830/mechanical-thrombectomy-performs-similarly-in-real-world-practice-a-2016-nationwide-study-from-the-czech-republic
#17
Ondrej Volny, Antonin Krajina, Silvie Belaskova, Michal Bar, Petra Cimflova, Roman Herzig, Daniel Sanak, Ales Tomek, Martin Köcher, Miloslav Rocek, Radek Padr, Filip Cihlar, Miroslava Nevsimalova, Lubomir Jurak, Roman Havlicek, Martin Kovar, Petr Sevcik, Vladimir Rohan, Jan Fiksa, Bijoy K Menon, Robert Mikulik
BACKGROUND: Randomized clinical trials have proven mechanical thrombectomy (MT) to be a highly effective and safe treatment in acute stroke. The purpose of this study was to compare neurothrombectomy data from the Czech Republic (CR) with data from the HERMES meta-analysis. METHODS: Available nationwide data for the CR from 2016 from the Safe Implementation of Treatments in Stroke-Thrombectomy (SITS-TBY) registry for patients with terminal internal carotid artery (ICA) and/or middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusions were compared with data from HERMES...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146756/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-a-southwestern-island-population-of-japan-the-kumejima-study
#18
Ryo Obata, Yasuo Yanagi, Tatsuya Inoue, Miho Yasuda, Yuji Oshima, Shoichi Sawaguchi, Aiko Iwase, Makoto Araie
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of and factors associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a rural population of southwestern Japan. METHODS: This population-based cross-sectional study of all residents aged 40 years or older was conducted on the island of Kumejima, Okinawa, Japan. Of 4632 eligible residents, 3762 completed a comprehensive questionnaire and underwent ocular examination (participant rate, 81.2%). A non-mydriatic fundus photograph was used to grade AMD lesions according to the Wisconsin protocol...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146692/prediction-of-90-y-radioembolization-outcome-from-pre-therapeutic-factors-with-random-survival-forests
#19
Michael Ingrisch, Franziska Schöppe, Karolin Johanna Paprottka, Matthias Fabritius, Frederik F Strobl, Enrico de Toni, Harun Ilhan, Andrei Todica, Marlies Michl, Philipp Paprottka
To predict outcome of (90)Y radioembolization (RE) in patients with intrahepatic tumors from pre-therapeutic baseline parameters and to identify predictive variables using a machine-learning approach based on random survival forests (RSF). Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, 366 patients with primary (n = 92) or secondary (n = 274) liver tumors who had received (90)Y radioembolization were analyzed. A random survival forest was trained to predict individual risk from baseline values of cholinesterase (CHE), bilirubin, type of primary tumor, age at radioembolization, hepatic tumor burden, presence of extrahepatic disease (EHD) and sex...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146419/syncope-on-presentation-is-a-surrogate-for-submassive-and-massive-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#20
Hesham R Omar, Mehdi Mirsaeidi, Michael B Weinstock, Garett Enten, Devanand Mangar, Enrico M Camporesi
INTRODUCTION: There are conflicting data regarding the prognostic value of syncope in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of 552 consecutive adults with computed tomography pulmonary angiogram-confirmed APE to determine the correlates and outcome of the occurrence of syncope at the time of presentation. RESULTS: Among 552 subjects with APE (mean age 54years, 47% men), syncope occurred in 12...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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