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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437773/are-hospital-emergency-department-visits-due-to-dog-bites-associated-with-ambient-temperature-a-time-series-study-in-beijing-china
#1
Yongming Zhang, Qi Zhao, Wenyi Zhang, Shanshan Li, Gongbo Chen, Zhihai Han, Yuming Guo
BACKGROUND: It is well documented that suboptimal ambient temperature is associated with cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. However, no study has examined the relation between temperature and dog bites. OBJECTIVES: To study the association between ambient temperature and daily hospital emergency department visits due to dog bites (EDVDBs) in Beijing, China; and to explore whether the temperature-EDVDB association varies by sex and age. METHODS: Daily EDVDBs were collected from a hospital appointed for dog bites in Beijing during 2012-2014...
April 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437543/association-of-donor-age-and-sex-with-survival-of-patients-receiving-transfusions
#2
Gustaf Edgren, Henrik Ullum, Klaus Rostgaard, Christian Erikstrup, Ulrik Sartipy, Martin J Holzmann, Olof Nyrén, Henrik Hjalgrim
Importance: Following animal model data indicating the possible rejuvenating effects of blood from young donors, there have been at least 2 observational studies conducted with humans that have investigated whether donor age affects patient outcomes. Results, however, have been conflicting. Objective: To study the association of donor age and sex with survival of patients receiving transfusions. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study based on the Scandinavian Donations and Transfusions database, with nationwide data, was conducted for all patients from Sweden and Denmark who received at least 1 red blood cell transfusion of autologous blood or blood from unknown donors between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2012...
April 24, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437321/medical-expenditures-associated-with-diabetes-among-youth-with-medicaid-coverage
#3
Sundar S Shrestha, Ping Zhang, Theodore J Thompson, Edward W Gregg, Ann Albright, Giuseppina Imperatore
BACKGROUND: Information on diabetes-related excess medical expenditures for youth is important to understand the magnitude of financial burden and to plan the health care resources needed for managing diabetes. However, diabetes-related excess medical expenditures for youth covered by Medicaid program have not been investigated recently. OBJECTIVE: To estimate excess diabetes-related medical expenditures among youth aged below 20 years enrolled in Medicaid programs in the United States...
April 21, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437317/dementia-comorbidity-and-physical-function-in-the-program-of-all-inclusive-care-for-the-elderly
#4
Jason R Falvey, Allison M Gustavson, Lisa Price, Lucine Papazian, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley
BACKGROUND: Participants in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) are a unique clinical population of medically complex and highly disabled older adults who qualify for nursing home level care but receive services in the community. A main goal of PACE programs is to prevent further declines in physical function that may necessitate costly institutionalization. This study evaluates how multimorbidity and dementia impact both self-selected gait speed and Timed Up and Go (TUG) in this population...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437219/factors-affecting-sexual-function-in-midlife-women-results-from-the-midlife-women-s-health-study
#5
Rebecca L Smith, Lisa Gallicchio, Jodi A Flaws
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the importance of risk factors affecting sexual function in sexually active midlife women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 780 women undergoing the menopausal transition was surveyed each year for up to 7 years. Data were collected from sexually active women on sexual function, including frequencies of enjoyment, arousal, orgasm, passion for partner, satisfaction with partner, pain, lack of lubrication, fantasizing, and sexual activity...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437198/branched-chain-amino-acids-are-associated-with-insulin-resistance-independent-of-leptin-and-adiponectin-in-subjects-with-varying-degrees-of-glucose-tolerance
#6
Margery A Connelly, Justyna Wolak-Dinsmore, Robin P F Dullaart
BACKGROUND: Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) may be involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and are associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) development. Adipokines such as leptin and adiponectin influence insulin resistance and reflect adipocyte dysfunction. We examined the extent to which the association of BCAA with insulin resistance is attributable to altered leptin and adiponectin levels in individuals with varying degrees of glucose tolerance. METHODS: BCAA were measured by nuclear magnetic resonance, whereas leptin and adiponectin were measured by immunoassay, in subjects with normal fasting glucose (n = 30), impaired fasting glucose (n = 25), and T2DM (n = 15)...
February 21, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437013/the-prognostic-value-of-b7-h6-protein-expression-in-human-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Jiongke Wang, Xin Jin, Jiajia Liu, Kui Zhao, Hao Xu, Jing Wen, Lu Jiang, Xin Zeng, Jing Li, Qianming Chen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the expression and prognostic value of B7-H6 protein in oral squamous cell carcinoma tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 oral squamous cell carcinoma samples, 10 oral leukoplakia samples and 17 normal controls were included in the analysis. The expression of B7-H6 in oral squamous cell carcinoma, oral leukoplakia and normal controls was evaluated by immunohistochemical assay. RESULTS: The B7-H6 protein expression was significantly higher in oral squamous cell carcinoma tissues than that in normal oral mucosa...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436758/amphetamine-type-stimulants-ats-use-and-homosexuality-related-enacted-stigma-are-associated-with-depression-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-two-major-cities-in-vietnam-in-2014
#8
Nga Thi Thu Vu, Martin Holt, Huong Thi Thu Phan, Lan Thi La, Gioi Minh Tran, Tung Thanh Doan, Trang Nguyen Nhu Nguyen, John de Wit
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by mental health concerns, including depression. Amphetamine-type-stimulants (ATS) use and homosexuality-related stigma and discrimination have been found associated with depression among MSM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of depression and its associations with ATS use and homosexuality-related stigma and discrimination among MSM in Vietnam. METHODS: 622 MSM were conveniently recruited in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam, from September to December 2014...
April 24, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436719/gambling-frequency-and-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-relation-to-problem-gambling-among-swedish-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#9
Charlotta Hellström, Philippe Wagner, Kent W Nilsson, Jerzy Leppert, Cecilia Åslund
AIM: To investigate the associations between gambling frequency, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, and problem gambling among adolescent boys and girls. One hypothesis was that adolescents with increased ADHD symptoms have a higher frequency of gambling compared to adolescents with fewer ADHD symptoms. METHOD: A population-based sample of adolescents (aged 15-18 years) completed a questionnaire on demographics, gambling habits, ADHD symptoms, and problematic gambling; 1412 adolescents (from 4440 sampled) with gambling experience were included in the final sample...
April 24, 2017: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436695/the-impact-of-childhood-parental-quality-on-mental-health-outcomes-in-older-adults
#10
R A Burns, V Loh, J E Byles, H L Kendig
OBJECTIVE: Parental bonding is cited as a determinant of mental health outcomes in childhood, adolescence and early-mid adulthood. Examination of the long-term impact for older adults is limited. We therefore examine the long-term risk of perceived poor parental bonding on mental health across the lifespan and into early-old age. METHODS: Participants (N = 1255) were aged 60-64 years of age and drawn from the Australian Life Histories and Health study. Quality of parental bonding was assessed with the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI)...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436640/intravitreal-aflibercept-for-patients-with-diabetic-macular-edema-refractory-to-bevacizumab-or-ranibizumab-analysis-of-response-to-aflibercept
#11
Yen-Yi Chen, Pei-Yao Chang, Jia-Kang Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate the short-term efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept in a case series of patients with diabetic macular edema (DME) refractory to ranibizumab or bevacizumab. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review. METHODS: From September 2013 to March 2016, we identified patients with DME who developed resistance to bevacizumab or ranibizumab. Three monthly intravitreal aflibercept injections were administered in refractory cases...
April 10, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436629/-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-and-cd133-predicts-pathological-complete-response-and-survival-for-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-patients-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy
#12
Cheng Cai, Jianping Wang, Zhifeng Zhong, Zhihui Dai, Qinghua Wang, Wuzhen Dong, Hongqi Shi, Qingwei Liu, Jinlin DU
Objective: To investigate the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) and CD133 in predicting pathologic remission and survival of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Methods: One hundred and fourteen patients with locally advanced rectal cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy from January 2010 to December 2015 in Jinhua Municipal Central Hospital were enrolled in the study. RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry methods were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of HIF-1α and CD133 before and after chemoradiotherapy...
January 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436120/efficacy-of-holmium-laser-transurethral-incision-of-the-prostate-in-symptomatic-mild-to-moderate-benign-prostate-enlargement-based-on-preoperative-characteristics
#13
Yoon Seok Suh, Kwang Jin Ko, Tae Heon Kim, Hyun Hwan Sung, Kyu-Sung Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of Holmium laser transurethral incision of the prostate (Ho-TUIP) with preoperative characteristics based on urodynamic parameters. METHODS: The medical records of 40 consecutive cases of Ho-TUIP in patients unresponsive to medical treatment were retrospectively reviewed. The efficacy of Ho-TUIP was analyzed according to preoperative factors, including urodynamic parameters. Treatment success was confirmed if overall efficacy demonstrated an improvement that was "good or greater" according to the criteria developed by Homma et al...
April 23, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435489/gender-differences-in-cdc-guideline-compliance-for-stis-in-emergency-departments
#14
Bryan G Kane, Alexander W D Guillaume, Elizabeth M Evans, Terrence E Goyke, Jessica K Eygnor, Lauren Semler, Stephen W Dusza, Marna Rayl Greenberg
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a common reason for emergency department (ED) visits. The objective of this study was to determine if there were gender differences in adherence to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) STI diagnosis and treatment guidelines, as documented by emergency providers. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review to identify patients treated for urethritis, cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in the EDs of three hospitals in a Pennsylvania network during a calendar year...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435445/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-metabolic-syndrome-and-pre-diabetes-in-adolescents-in-the-sierra-region-of-ecuador
#15
Sharon L Casapulla, Cheryl A Howe, Gabriela Rosero Mora, Darlene Berryman, Mario J Grijalva, Edgar W Rojas, Masato Nakazawa, Jay H Shubrook
BACKGROUND: Excess weight (overweight and obesity) is the major modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and other non-communicable diseases. However, excess weight may not be as predictive of diabetes risk as once thought. While excess weight and other obesity-related non-communicable diseases are of growing concern in low-middle income countries in Latin America, there is limited research on risk factors associated with T2DM in adolescents. This study investigated prevalence of overweight, obesity, prediabetes, diabetes and metabolic syndrome in adolescents in Ecuador...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435326/the-association-between-thyroid-disorders-and-incident-gout-population-based-case-control-study
#16
Saskia G Bruderer, Christoph R Meier, Susan S Jick, Michael Bodmer
CONTEXT: Thyroid hormones influence kidney function and thereby might alter serum urate levels, a major risk factor for gouty arthritis. OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of developing incident gout in association with hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. DESIGN: Retrospective population-based case-control analysis. SETTING: UK-based Clinical Practice Research Datalink, a primary care research database. PATIENTS: We identified adult patients with a diagnosis of incident gout between 1990 and 2014...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435319/sex-differences-in-fear-of-pain-item-level-analysis-of-the-fear-of-pain-questionnaire-iii
#17
Sara M Vambheim, Roald A Øien
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate sex differences in fear of pain (FOP) measured by the Fear of Pain Questionnaire III (FPQ-III) in a nonclinical sample. The FPQ-III is a self-report inventory measuring FOP, with 30 items, divided into three subscales: Severe, Minor and Medical Pain. METHODS: A total of 185 subjects participated (49.7% females) in this study. Sex differences on overall FOP, the subscales, and at item level were examined. One-way analysis of variance tested the association between sex and FOP, measured by overall FOP and the subscales...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435235/age-based-model-for-metacarpophalangeal-joint-proprioception-in-elderly
#18
Mike D Rinderknecht, Olivier Lambercy, Vanessa Raible, Joachim Liepert, Roger Gassert
Neurological injuries such as stroke can lead to proprioceptive impairment. For an informed diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment planning, it is essential to be able to distinguish between healthy performance and deficits following the neurological injury. Since there is some evidence that proprioception declines with age and stroke occurs predominantly in the elderly population, it is important to create a healthy reference model in this specific age group. However, most studies investigate age effects by comparing young and elderly subjects and do not provide a model within a target age range...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435134/association-of-calcitonin-receptor-gene-calcr-polymorphism-with-kidney-stone-disease-in-the-population-of-west-bengal-india
#19
Pubali Mitra, Manalee Guha, Sudakshina Ghosh, Sourav Mukherjee, Biswabandhu Bankura, Dilip Kumar Pal, Biswanath Maity, Madhusudan Das
Kidney Stone Disease (KSD) is a complex urologic disorder with strong genetic constituent. Earlier association studies have indicated that the genetic polymorphisms are the potential cause of stone materialization; however unfortunately, the actual genetic signature is still unknown. Therefore, present study was aimed to investigate the potential contribution of two important polymorphisms of calcitonin receptor gene (CALCR): (i) rs1801197 (Leu447Pro) and (ii) rs1042138 (3'UTR+18C>T) in renal stone formation...
April 20, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434773/mstroke-mobile-stroke-improving-acute-stroke-care-with-smartphone-technology
#20
Benjamin Y Andrew, Colleen M Stack, Julian P Yang, Jodi A Dodds
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of method and time of system activation on clinical metrics in cases utilizing the Stop Stroke (Pulsara, Inc.) mobile acute stroke care coordination application. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis of stroke codes at 12 medical centers using Stop Stroke from March 2013 to May 2016 was performed. Comparison of metrics (door-to-needle time [DTN] and door-to-CT time [DTC], and rate of DTN ≤ 60 minutes [goal DTN]) was performed between subgroups based on method (emergency medical service [EMS] versus emergency department [ED]) and time of activation...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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