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imperfecta osteogenesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222408/severe-osteoporosis-with-multiple-spontaneous-vertebral-fractures-in-a-young-male-carrying-triple-polymorphisms-in-the-vitamin-d-receptor-collagen-type-1-and-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-related-peptide-5-genes
#1
Maria P Yavropoulou, Panagoulia Kollia, Dimitris Chatzidimitriou, Stavroula Samara, Lemonia Skoura, John G Yovos
: Osteoporosis is a common disease with a strong genetic component. Several studies have reported the vitamin D receptor (VDR), collagen type I (COL1A1), and LDL receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) genes as the most likely candidates. However, most of the studies have been carried out in postmenopausal women and older men and show inconsistent results. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 26-year old male who presented with severe back pain of acute onset, unrelated to any kind of trauma, and diffuse myalgia...
October 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206698/fkbp10-deletion-in-osteoblasts-leads-to-qualitative-defects-in-bone
#2
Caressa D Lietman, Joohyun Lim, Ingo Grafe, Yuqing Chen, Hao Ding, Xiaohong Bi, Catherine G Ambrose, Nadja Fratzl-Zelman, Paul Roschger, Klaus Klaushofer, Wolfgang Wagermaier, Ingo Schmidt, Peter Fratzl, Jyoti Rai, MaryAnn Weis, David Eyre, Douglas R Keene, Deborah Krakow, Brendan H Lee
Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI), also known as brittle bone disease, displays a spectrum of clinical severity from mild (OI type I) to severe early lethality (OI type II), with clinical features including low bone mass, fractures and deformities. Mutations in the FK506 Binding Protein 10 (FKBP10), gene encoding the 65KDa protein FKBP65, cause a recessive form of OI and Bruck syndrome, the latter being characterized by joint contractures in addition to low bone mass. We previously showed that Fkbp10 expression is limited to bone, tendon and ligaments in postnatal tissues...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186356/bone-robusticity-in-two-distinct-skeletal-dysplasias-diverges-from-established-patterns
#3
Kate Citron, Cosmo Veneziale, Josephine Marino, Erin M Carter, Karl J Jepsen, Cathleen Raggio
Achondroplasia is a heritable disorder of endochondral bone formation characterized by disproportionate short stature. Osteogenesis imperfecta is a heritable bone and connective tissue disorder characterized by bone fragility. To investigate bone morphology of these groups, we retrospectively reviewed 169 de-identified bone age films from 20 individuals with achondroplasia, 39 individuals with osteogenesis imperfecta and 37 age- and sex-matched controls (matched to historical measurements from the Bolton-Brush Collection)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177155/a-chaperone-complex-formed-by-hsp47-fkbp65-and-bip-modulates-telopeptide-lysyl-hydroxylation-of-type-i-procollagen
#4
Ivan Duran, Jorge H Martin, Mary Ann Weis, Pavel Krejci, Peter Konik, Bing Li, Yasemin Alanay, Caressa Lietman, Brendan Lee, David Eyre, Daniel H Cohn, Deborah Krakow
Lysine hydroxylation of type I collagen telopeptides varies from tissue to tissue and these distinct hydroxylation patterns modulate collagen crosslinking to generate a unique extracellular matrix. Abnormalities in these patterns contribute to pathologies that include osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), fibrosis and cancer. Telopeptide procollagen modifications are carried out by lysyl hydroxylase 2 (LH2), however, little is known regarding how this enzyme regulates hydroxylation patterns. We identified an ER complex of resident chaperones that includes HSP47, FKBP65 and BiP regulating the activity of LH2...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173822/an-example-of-the-utility-of-genomic-analysis-for-fast-and-accurate-clinical-diagnosis-of-complex-rare-phenotypes
#5
Polona Le Quesne Stabej, Chela James, Louise Ocaka, Mehmet Tekman, Stephanie Grunewald, Emma Clement, Horia C Stanescu, Robert Kleta, Deborah Morrogh, Alistair Calder, Hywel J Williams, Maria Bitner-Glindzicz
BACKGROUND: We describe molecular diagnosis in a complex consanguineous family: four offspring presented with combinations of three distinctive phenotypes; non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL), an unusual skeletal phenotype comprising multiple fractures, cranial abnormalities and diaphyseal expansion, and significant developmental delay with microcephaly. We performed Chromosomal Microarray Analysis on the offspring with either the skeletal or developmental delay phenotypes, and linkage analysis and whole exome sequencing (WES) on all four children, parents and maternal aunt...
February 7, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144608/the-current-perspectives-of-stem-cell-therapy-in-orthopedic-surgery
#6
REVIEW
Serkan Akpancar, Oner Tatar, Hasan Turgut, Faruk Akyildiz, Safak Ekinci
CONTEXT: Musculoskeletal injuries may be painful, troublesome, life limiting and also one of the global health problems. There has been considerable amount of interest during the past two decades to stem cells and tissue engineering techniques in orthopedic surgery, especially to manage special and compulsive injuries within the musculoskeletal system. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The aim of this study was to present a literature review regarding the most recent progress in stem cell procedures and current indications in orthopedics clinical care practice...
December 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130572/long-term-effects-of-neridronate-in-adults-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-an-observational-three-year-italian-study
#7
O Viapiana, L Idolazzi, A Fassio, G Orsolini, M Rossini, G Adami, F Bertoldo, D Gatti
The aim of this study was to assess the long-term efficacy and safety of i.v. neridronate in the treatment of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). One hundred and fourteen patients affected by OI were included in the study. Neridronate was administered by i.v. infusion at the dosage of 2 mg/kg, up to a maximum of 100 mg at three-month intervals for 3 years. Dual X-ray absorptiometry of the lumbar spine, hip, and ultradistal and proximal radius were evaluated every 6 months. Blood calcium, phosphate, albumin, fasting urinary calcium/creatinine ratio, total serum alkaline phosphatase, and bone alkaline phosphatase were obtained at baseline and every 3 months...
January 27, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120769/ruptured-intracranial-aneurysm-in-patients-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-2-familial-cases-and-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
T Gaberel, A Rochey, C di Palma, F Lucas, E Touze, E Emery
OBJECTIVE: Osteogenesis imperfecta is an inherited connective tissue disorder that causes bone fragility. Vascular complications have been described, but only few cases of ruptured intracranial aneurysm have been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We first described 2 familial cases of ruptured intracranial aneurysm and then conducted a systematic review of the literature. RESULTS: A mother and her daughter with a typical history of osteogenesis imperfecta presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage, which was related to a posterior communicating artery aneurysm in both cases...
December 2016: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116328/molecular-spectrum-and-differential-diagnosis-in-patients-referred-with-sporadic-or-autosomal-recessive-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#9
Jose A Caparros-Martin, Mona S Aglan, Samia Temtamy, Ghada A Otaify, Maria Valencia, Julián Nevado, Elena Vallespin, Angela Del Pozo, Carmen Prior de Castro, Lucia Calatrava-Ferreras, Pilar Gutierrez, Ana M Bueno, Belen Sagastizabal, Encarna Guillen-Navarro, Maria Ballesta-Martinez, Vanesa Gonzalez, Sarenur Y Basaran, Ruksan Buyukoglan, Bilge Sarikepe, Cecilia Espinoza-Valdez, Francisco Cammarata-Scalisi, Victor Martinez-Glez, Karen E Heath, Pablo Lapunzina, Victor L Ruiz-Perez
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous bone disorder characterized by recurrent fractures. Although most cases of OI have heterozygous mutations in COL1A1 or COL1A2 and show autosomal dominant inheritance, during the last years there has been an explosion in the number of genes responsible for both recessive and dominant forms of this condition. Herein, we have analyzed a cohort of patients with OI, all offspring of unaffected parents, to determine the spectrum of variants accounting for these cases...
January 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098982/glycine-substitutions-in-collagen-heterotrimers-alter-triple-helical-assembly
#10
Katherine A Clements, Amanda M Acevedo-Jake, Douglas R Walker, Jeffrey D Hartgerink
Osteogenesis imperfecta typically results from missense mutations in the collagen genome where the required glycine residues are replaced with another amino acid. Many models have attempted to replicate the structure of mutated collagen on the triple helix level. However, composition and register control of the triple helix is complicated and requires extreme precision, especially when these destabilizing mutations are present. Here we present mutations to a composition- and register-controlled AAB helix where one of the requisite glycines in the A chain of the triple helix is changed to serine or alanine...
January 18, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094678/orthotic-treatment-of-positional-brachycephaly-associated-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#11
Carolina G Matarazzo, Gerd Schreen, Camilla D do Lago-Rizzardi, Maria Stella Peccin, Fernando Cg Pinto
Osteogenesis imperfecta is an inherited disorder of the connective tissue characterized primarily by fractures with no or small causal antecedents and extremely variable clinical presentation. The disorder requires a global and, therefore, multidisciplinary therapeutic approach that should aim, among other aspects, at the prevention and treatment of deformities resulting from osteogenesis imperfecta. Due to limitations related to bony deformities, it can be difficult to place these infants in a variety of positions that would help remediate skull deformities, so a cranial orthosis becomes the therapy of choice...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089253/progressive-bilateral-vertebral-artery-dissection-in-a-case-of-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#12
Yuji Kato, Harumitsu Nagoya, Tetsuya Abe, Takeshi Hayashi, Masanori Yasuda, Akira Uchino, Norio Tanahashi, Masaki Takao
A 32-year-old woman with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) was admitted to the hospital because of a right-sided occipital headache and facial paresthesia. She was diagnosed with lateral medullary syndrome due to right vertebral artery (VA) dissection. She was treated conservatively without antithrombotic therapy. She developed subarachnoid hemorrhage because of contralateral VA dissection 18 days later. This clinical course may reflect the underlying weakness of the vessel wall in OI. In patients with OI, occlusion of a unilateral VA could cause dissection and subsequent rupture of the contralateral VA...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068493/bmp1-and-tll1-are-required-for-maintaining-periodontal-homeostasis
#13
J Wang, D Massoudi, Y Ren, A M Muir, S E Harris, D S Greenspan, J Q Feng
Mutations in bone morphogenetic protein 1 (BMP1) in humans or deletion of BMP1 and related protease tolloid like 1 (TLL1) in mice lead to osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Here, we show progressive periodontal defects in mice in which both BMP1 and TLL1 have been conditionally ablated, including malformed periodontal ligament (PDL) (recently shown to play key roles in normal alveolar bone formation), significant loss in alveolar bone mass ( P < 0.01), and a sharp reduction in cellular cementum. Molecular mechanism studies revealed a dramatic increase in the uncleaved precursor of type I collagen (procollagen I) and a reduction in dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1), which is partially responsible for defects in extracellular matrix (ECM) formation and mineralization...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058531/developmental-charts-for-children-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-type-i-body-height-body-weight-and-bmi
#14
Krzysztof Graff, Malgorzata Syczewska
: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare genetic disorder of type I collagen. Type I is the most common, which is called a non-deforming type of OI, as in this condition, there are no major bone deformities. This type is characterised by blue sclera and vertebral fractures, leading to mild scoliosis. The body height of these patients is regarded as normal, or only slightly reduced, but there are no data proving this in the literature. The aim of this study is the preparation of the developmental charts of children with OI type I...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057908/clinical-application-of-quantitative-computed-tomography-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta-suspected-cat
#15
Sungjun Won, Woo-Jo Chung, Junghee Yoon
One year-old male Persian cat was presented with multiple fractures without known traumatic history. Marked decrease of bone radiopacity and thin cortices of all long bones were identified in radiography. Tentative diagnosis was osteogenesis imperfecta, which is congenital disorder characterized with fragile bone. To identify bone material density (BMD), quantitative computed tomography (QCT) was performed. With QCT, mean trabecular BMD of vertebral bodies was 149.9 ± 86.5 mg/cm³. After bisphosphonate therapy, BMD of same site was 218...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040117/skeletal-dysplasia-with-bowing-long-bones-proposed-flowchart-for-prenatal-diagnosis-with-case-demonstration
#16
Gabriele Tonni, Marcella Palmisano, Mario Lituania, Gianpaolo Grisolia, Ave Maria Baffico, Maria Paola Bonasoni, Pierpaolo Pattacini, Claudio De Felice, Edward Araujo Júnior
OBJECTIVE: Skeletal dysplasia with bowing long bones is a rare group of multiple characterized congenital anomalies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We introduce a simple, practical diagnostic flowchart that may be helpful in identifying the appropriate pathway of obstetrical management. RESULTS: Herein, we describe four fetal cases of bent bony dysplasia that focus on ultrasound findings, phenotype, molecular tests, distinctive X-ray features, and chondral growth plate histology...
December 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035422/-corrigendum-clinical-characteristics-and-the-identification-of-novel-mutations-of-col1a1-and-col1a2-in-61%C3%A2-chinese-patients-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#17
Hao Zhang, Hua Yue, Chun Wang, Weiwei Hu, Jiemei Gu, Jinwei He, Wenzhen Fu, Yunqiu Hu, Miao Li, Zhenlin Zhang
Following the publication of this article, an interested reader drew to our attention that, in Table IV, we describe a c.1081C>T, p.Arg361X mutation in collagen type I, alpha 2 (COL1A2). Codon 361 is a glycine residue, not an arginine, according to the transcript, Z74616.1. We re‑examined the original data, and identified that the mutation c.1081C>T, p.Arg361X was of the collagen type I, alpha 1 COL1A1 gene, and furthermore, it was not novel in the mutation spectrum of COL1A1. Therefore, in the paper, the c...
February 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031688/premature-atherosclerosis-and-drug-eluting-stent-restenosis-in-an-adult-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#18
Mutlu Gungor, Mustafa Aparci, Ali C Özer
Mild form of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) may have a normal life span. However, cardiovascular complications including aortic and valvular heart disease, and coronary artery disease may complicate the life period. We presented a patient with mild form of OI and premature coronary atherosclerosis. He had been performed primary percutaneous angioplasty and drug eluting stent implantation to left anterior descending coronary artery osteal lesion. Then he presented with unstable angina pectoris due to the diffuse in-stent restenosis and a highly critical lesion adjacent to previously stented segment...
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019684/diaphyseal-femur-fractures-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta-characteristics-and-relationship-with-bisphosphonate-treatment
#19
Pamela Trejo, François Fassier, Francis H Glorieux, Frank Rauch
Several recent case reports have suggested that bisphosphonate treatment in individuals with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is causally related to atypical femur fractures. However, it is not known whether atypical femur fractures are actually more frequent in patients who have received bisphosphonates. In the present study, we retrospectively analyzed 166 femur fractures in 119 children with a diagnosis of OI that had not undergone intramedullary rodding procedures. A total of 130 fractures in 90 patients occurred in femurs with pre-existing deformities (age at fracture between 1 month and 19...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009707/the-spine-in-patients-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#20
Maegen J Wallace, Richard W Kruse, Suken A Shah
Osteogenesis imperfecta is a genetic disorder of type I collagen. Although multiple genotypes and phenotypes are associated with osteogenesis imperfecta, approximately 90% of the mutations are in the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes. Osteogenesis imperfecta is characterized by bone fragility. Patients typically have multiple fractures or limb deformity; however, the spine can also be affected. Spinal manifestations include scoliosis, kyphosis, craniocervical junction abnormalities, and lumbosacral pathology. The incidence of lumbosacral spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis is higher in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta than in the general population...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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